Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 21, 1964 · Page 13
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 13

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Monday, December 21, 1964
Page 13
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Suprem »y JAMES MARLOW A»s«cUt«d Pr»*» News Aiwlyst WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court unanimously has given its most important civil rights decision since it declared public school segregation unconstitutional 10 years ago. The 1954 decision was also unanimous. The court's ruling upheld the constitutionality of a key section of the much fought-over 1964 Civii Rights Act which forbids racial discrimination in places of public accommodation. It ruled: hotels and motels must serve all races if their customers or food move in interstate commerce. There may be some exceptions which don't affect interstate commerce. They'll be few. The court didn't spell out details. Th« court could hav* reached its decision in one of two ways or both: the Constitution's commerce clause gives the government power to regulate interstate commerce; the 14th Amendment guarantees all citizens equal treatment. The court based its decision on t he commerce clause. But the road to Tuesday's action was 81 years long. After the Civil War quick action was taken to give newly freed Negroes equal rights. The 13th Amendment to the Consti- tution (1865) said they were citizens; the 14th Amendment (1868) said all citizens must get equal treatment; and the 15th (1870) said Negroes could not be denied the right to vote. t upholds civil right lltf «nd 1175 Con. gress passed six civil rights acts to carry out the ' intention of those amendments. One, in 1875, said Negroes must get equal treatment in inns, amusement places and other public accommodations. This was meant to back up the 14th Amendment. But Negroes were discriminated against. It took them eight years to bring five such cases before the Supreme Court. The court skipped over the commerce clause which it could have used — the power of the government to regulate interstate commerce — and concentrated on the 14th Amendment's guarantee of equal treatment. It ruled that the 1875 act forbidding discrimination in public accommodations — under the 14th Amendment's equal protection — only intended to forbid states to pass discriminatory laws. The court held that it didn't apply to individuals, like hotel or tl.aater owners, who were thus left free to discriminate. But on« of those justices in 1883 — John Marshall Harlan — dissented. He said an inn-keeper is "charged with certain duties and responsibilities to the public. The public nature of his employment forbids him front discrimination..." But after the 1883 decision of the court Congress passed no other major legislation against discrimination in public accommodations until the summer of 1964, even though after the 1883 decision states piled up segregation laws. When President John F. Kennedy sent his civil rights bill to Congress in 1963 he said, "There is an age-old saying that 'prop erty has its duties as well as its rights.' " Kennedy asked in his message to Congress that discrimination! in public accommodations be forbidden under both the commerce clause and the 14th Amendment. On* of th« m»in *nd moit persistent arguments against the 1964 act was that telling businessmen they had to serve all kinds of people would deprive Americans of personal and property rights. The act was passed after a record Senate filibuster and signed into law by President Johnson last July 2. It ran into some quick defiance and test cases were rushed to the court. Tuesday' unanimous opinion was written by Justice Tom CUrk. Instead of invoking the 14th Amendment, thus undoing the 1883 opinion; since few motels or hotels can operate without state or city regulation, Clark based his opinion on t he power the commerce clause of the Constitution gives the government to regulate interstate commerce. Some of Hw other justices although all agreed in upholding the 1964 act's constitutionality, thought Clark should have ruled under both the commerce clause and the 14th Amendment Perhaps later, under some other kind of lest of the act not imagined now, the court will also rule under the 14th Amendment. Police locate hole in street HENDERSON, Ky. un — Hen derson police received a repor of a hole in a city street anc dispatched officer Sherman Hil to investigate. "Found hole. I'm in it," he radioed to headquarters. Hill said the front wheel o his cruiser went through tru surfacing which had been under mined by a leaking sewer. ALWAYS FIRST QUALITY Dec. 21, •• tH4 *» GUbe-GaxoHe, Ma ton City, U. TO COLORADO LELAND—Mr. and Mrs. Arnold Ambroson and Debbie will leave Saturday .for Colorado Springs, Colo., to spend a two- week holiday vacation visiting their son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Wass, and their family. GIFT-PRICED ALL-WEATHER COAT HAS WARM PILE ZIP LINER! It takes you through the seasons — in comfort! Tightly woven Dacron® polyester and rayon' is treated with Du Pont's Zepel® to keep you desert- dry in rain or snow—resist stains. Warm Orion® acrylic pile — cotton backed — zips in with the first frost. Even the nylon sleeve lining is insulated! In dressy, darktone patterns. Here's value — smart styling, too! $ 25 Sizes 38 to 46 MAIN FLOOR Always the right choice., a Penney gift certificate! THE PERFECT SOLUTION TO THAT LAST MINUTE GIFT PROBLEM ...A PENNEY GIFT CERTIFICATE As Christmas draws nearer, are there some last minute gift problems that seem to have no solution? Give (or send) a Penney Gift Certificate and let them pick their own size, color, style, etc. You can count on Penneys stores throughout the country to satisfy the recipients of your gifts. Get Yours At Our Credit Desk Second Floor Men's Pajamas in Colorful Prints in Sanforized® Cotton Broadcloth V Features a slim-notched collar. Wash 'n Wear in • his favorite colors • PRINTED ROBE SETS Choose from this colorful selection of matching pa|ama and robe combinations. \00" f , Sanforized" 1 cotton broad- clorh. Sizes rt^5 S, M, L, XL ^F Set Give Him Handsome Gloves Choose From Many Styles • $ 4 98 Such values in deerskins, capeskins, knits; fur- lined, Acrylic lined. Black, brown and naturals. Sizes S, M, L, XL. MAIN FLOOR MEN'S TIES IN STRIPES, SOLIDS, PRINTS IN BIG ARRAY OF FASHION COLORS $150 1 Pick several of these ties in the latest fashion hues and fabrics. MAIN FLOOR HE WILL ENJOY A LEATHER BILLFOLD FROM PENNEYS 3 Mellow toned rich grained leathers with features you would never expect to find at such a low price. MAIN FLOOR Just in Time for Holiday Gifting! Adonna Satin Tricot Slips and $Q98 3 Where else but at Penney's could you find such luxury, such value for so little! Loce-lavished full and half slips of nylon satin tricot . . . even stretch lace slips that gently follow your own contours. Ideal gifts ir> proportioned sizes, too! MAIN FLOOR 3 Sheer Glamour! Our Own Gaymode Cantrece® Nylons $6)85 pairs & The big news in hosiery is Contrece*—an exciting new nylon fiber with a soft, natural mafre look. Sheer comfort, superlative fit—no looseness, no letdown ever! Choose Suntan, Gala, Pebble, Beige-Glo. Proportioned lenaths in sizes 8'/ 2 to 12. MAIN FLOOR Charge It At Penney's! I SHOP WITHOUT ' CASH Store Hours: Mon., Tues., Wed., 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. Thurs., 9 A.M. - 4 P.M. — Sat., 9 A.M. - 5:30 P.M. John, can you get the phone? I'm busy! Gee, you can't sit down for a minute around here. Poor dear, he hates running to answer the phone but what he doesn't know is that after Christmas ... he'll just reach for an extension phone ... placed right next to his favorite easy chair! ORDER YOUR teieaifts Give extension service, Princess phones, Bell Chime, Home Interphone, other useful TELE-GIFTS. Get details from our business office: IN MASON CITY CALL 423-9900 FREE! Ask for this Family Event Booklet—handy to record Christmas cards sent and received for 5 years. Includes sections for birthdays, anniversaries and clothing sizes. Northwestern Bell in Iowa

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