Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 18, 1964 · Page 4
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 4

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Mason City, Iowa
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Friday, December 18, 1964
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Page 4
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"What wouldst thou ask, Salome?" Opinion page Civil rights decision THE CONTROVERSIAL public accommodations section of the Civil Rights Act of 11)64 now is the undisputed law of the land. It has been upheld unanimously by the U.S. Supreme Court ns proper application of the commerce clause of the Constitution. The public accommodations provision prohibits discrimination in such places as hotels, molds, theaters and restaurants. Justice Tom C. Clark, writing the opinion of the court, .said testimony produced "overwhelming evidence that discrimination by holds and motels impedes interstate travel." Justice Clark said the individual effect of businesses in inter- Rlatc commerce mitfht ] )fi "insignificant," but that CoriKresH was within its powers in considering the tolal impact of all discrimination. The decision makes possible full enforcement of the act. There has been every indication, however, that persuasion and conciliation will be the preferred path in the future. The Community Relations Service created by the Civil Rights Act has been inactive, waiting the Supreme Court decision. It now can proceed in its conciliatory role, hdning communities, businesses and individuals in hopes of avoiding punitive action. IjOgal uncertainties are past. The large majority of Southerners so far have lived by the law, however reluctantly. And civil rights groups have gone slow in creating test situations. A continuation of this calm approach can go a long way toward final fulfillment of the spirit of the Civil Rights Act. School financing proposals A RESEARCH PROJECT at the University of Iowa has offered now evidence to support the need for more flexible laws on the financing of school construction. The researcher, Clayton F. Thomas, voiced some of the earlier arguments of Mason City educators. He recommends continued efforts to equalize property assessments across the state at no less than 27 per cent of full market; value, elimination of the 7-mill limit for yearly payments on school bond debts and replacing the constitutional limit on total Rcliool debt (5 per cent of taxable valuation) with n legislative limit. As it stands now, he reported, 18 school districts are suffering "severe" restrictions under current law. Mason City WHS included Editorial of the day among 47 other districts where school facilities are crowded because of debt limitations. A particularly persuasive reason was given for lifting the 7-mill limit. It causes many school districts to postpone or stretch out payments on the principal of the bond issue, thus increasing the amount of interest to be paid. It can cost extra thousands of dollars. Mason City's school district faces this very predicament unless action is taken in the next session of the Iowa Legislature, Legislation proposed in the Thomas report makes sense. Bond issues still would have to he approved by the voters; but money could bo made available (with less interest cost in some instances) to meet real building needs. Need for junior colleges (Austin Herald) recognition of the, important role of junior colleges in Minnesota's system of higher education was underlined when t It o State Junior College Hoard asked the state legislature to mi- Iliori/cd two junior colleges in the Twin Cities in addition to the three provided by the last legislative session. The vital need for a well-developed junioir college system is finally becoming rccogni/cd, though it was some time in coming. In addition to Hiving a type of education sorely needed, n junior college system will help take some of tho enrollment load from tho crowded university and state colleges, and provide education at lower cost than Ihnse institutions can give. There may be some concern Hint additional junior colleges mny ciuiso neRlcct In financing other junior colleges throughout the stale. Jhit we doubt Hint Look out below! Any nward for t);r. best definition of an optimist must, take into consideration the one that tells of a person who takes lessons on the harp. Be thankful that American elections arc by ballot and not by bullet. \\'i: count the returns and not thn remains. Nothing makes some people go inlo debt like trying to keep up with persons who nlready are. Memo to motorists: Don't ruin your holiday by accident. GLOBE- A LEF. NEWSPAPER iMiird Every Week Dny hy tin I.EE ENTERPRISES, INC. JOO N. Waihlncton Dial 43,1 |;;o Second Clan Po»tate Pulrt »'. M.-ucm C'lly, lowi Pullii: '-.\-:K r. LOOM is l-Mitor ' RAY N. nOHICK ROBERT I(. SP1EGKI DONN K. WItlTK . THOU J. JKNSEN ............ Mannsiiit: K.IHnr KEN K. REKG ............. A.snorlatr Kililnr KKNNETH W. OARF.Y MAUDK STACKHOUSE I. W. HILUSTIIOM C. J. KC.GKnT REUBEN W. SWEHLA .. ... llrl. Ailv. Mm-. ... Nwt. Adv. MKI-. Omilitlnn Mur. .... (,'OTHII. II m. .Supl. I'los.inu. Supl. Friday Dtc. 18, 1964 MEMBKIt ASSOCIATED PRESS which Is p\- clusively entitled to u«9 lor republkalinn or a'.l tool n«w« printed In (his newspaper «i well ai Jill AP new* dlipatchei. Out year On* week SUBSCRIPTION HATES (By Carrier) $20.80 .40 Mason City and Clear I.nka but Within 100 Mile* of M«ion City. (North Iowa Edition) By mail I year By mail f tncntha Outside 100 Mitit X«n« (North low* Edition) Or« year Hx month a IH.no 7 :,0 |2(M)0 10.10 Punitive action? The Editor's Notebook Of Thee they all sing llii.s will bo true. Austin nnd sevcnil oilier junior colleges went on their own in establishing colleges, and most certainly deserve first call on the legislature fur funds in construction of new buildings. \Ve arc rather incHr.od to believe that extension of tho junior college system will Impress on the legislature the urgency and need. Full support of tho Twin Cities' Junior College as well ns those in other parts of the state, is nec- essjiry for full development of a stale program. Heavy demands for larger appropriations ;ire being put on the legislature by the sliilo colleges nti<! university. Wo hope Hie legislature will trim away re- <iuc.sts that are not vitally and immcdi- iilrly nncessjiry for these nlrcndy well- established institutions, so (hat financial concentration can be placed on the junior college system to get it properly launched. Pros and cons Some interesting pointt of view gleaned from our exchanges Fort Dodge has tax cut Kurt Dodge Messenger: Beyond ]%.•>, the situation with respect to assessed valuation and properly taxes is quite lia/y. Meanwhile, we enn enjoy the welcome news that in 1905 our tax bills payable- at Hie county treasurer's office will be less than those paid during the current year. Move by oleo people Algona Advance: Now tho oleo people behevc the time is ripe (o get rid of Hie miismif-c to them of imprinting the naughty word "oleo" in tho side of their produel. Remember? 10 years ago Tlie Cresco Mcdicnl Clinic owned by l*r. Donald O. Maland will have open house this Sunday afternoon and evening. The building and grounds comprise :!()() square feet of space. 20 years ago Mnj. Ceorge W. Hnnnaman, former planl engineer nt the Lchigh Portland Cement company here, has been awarded the liron/e star medal, given for heroic achievement. He was in Luxem- liourg at latest reports. 30 years ago Melnlire — A calendar quilt commenced by the women of tho M. K. 1.:ulies Aid of Mclntire 35 years BRO is about to be finished. The quilt top represents months which are divided into days. 40 years ago Free Christmas trees for all who need Iliem for private use will be available through the KotaU Merchants' Association in conjunction with thr> Salvation Army and the Hoy Scout organization. This is the season of. great joy and enjoyment. It is a time for singing, particularly by the young in the churches and the schools. There are no sour notes, juat a few stray ones to prove that individuality always has its place. The neatness of the youngsters is almost appalling; for the boys, that is. White shirts, tics, shoes that have been introduced to polish nnd hair combed, sort of. The school musical provides more than just listening pleasure. It is here you learn that girls can stand with both feet firmly on the floor. Boys arc more adventuresome. They stand on the sides of their shoes. (iirls also know how to keep their hnnds nl their sides, a little rigidly at times, but still at their sides. Boys wish they didn't have hands. First of nil, they cither dangle from loo-short sleeves or are lost in tho sleeves of that new shirt that has to last a few months and is a si/e 12 instead of size 10. Boys put their hands bchipd them, in front of them, fold their arms to hide their hands or just stuff them into pockets. Rarely do they stay put at their sides until they are elderly eighth or ninth-grade types. Girls don't get off entirely free. They have been known to wliisper to the girl next to them (or three rows down) and even It all blends somehow into a fresh, entirely delightful evening filled with a sweetness of sound that lingers long in the memories of parents. A desk calendar just arrived from Lions Club. Understand Rotary Club docs it differently. Its members get Mustangs. Coach Maurice John of Drake noticed that center Bob Nctolicky was bandaging his right arm above the wrist ahead of the Michigan State game recently. A little alarmed, the coach wanted to know how come. Netolicky had an answer. It seems that when he goes into his pinwheel dunking act during the pre-game drills that he bruises his arm on the basket rim. Hence the bandage. Coach John had an even quicker answer. "If you don't," added coach advised Netolicky, you also should get more rebounds than anyone else on the floor. "If you don't," added John, "no dunking before the Idaho State game (next on the schedule)." Netolicky, a 6-8 young man from Cedar Rapids, got 13 rebounds to lead his team and, sure enough, dunked a couple ahead of the Idaho State game. A recent visitor from Dei Moines was asked his first impression of Mason City after a brief tour. "The fine churches," was the answer. Can't think'of a better one. To Your Health Problems of puffy eyes By DR. JOSEPH MOLNER Dear Dr. Molner: What •bout baggy or puffy eyes? Is this just from ago, or could there be a physical ailment? —Mrs. G. B. S. There arc (mite a few possibilities. As we grow older, thn skin loses some of its tone. Tho inevitable wrinkling process is nt work! A person's weight, ,ns well ns inborn skin texture and coloring, can make the bags under the eyes more noticeable. A variety of health factors also can play a part. Anything causing fluid to .no- cumulate in the system can result in puffy eyelids. Sonic things are harmless, or common and not dangerous. Others ean be quite important. It's natural for women to accumulate fluid in the system just before the menstrual period. Folks with hay fever or other allergies often find that the eyelids tend to swell. Ryes- get puffy after a hard crying spell. People whose thyroids are not sufficiently active may have puffy eyelids, caused by waterlogged tissue. • Kidney and liver conditions can cause fluid retention (dropsy) and then medical attention is needed, the sooner the better. Hy and large, the majority of eases of baggy eyes arc of no particular significance, health- wise. When the dark circles signify something serious, To Dn. A. E. McMAHON — for hcing elected president of the Ccrro Gorclo County Medical Society. This is a group of professional men that is ever growing in the scope of public service and guidance. usually that patient has noticed other symptoms and is feeling too bad from deep-seated causes, to worry much about the looks of the eyes. Dear Dr. Molner: When a person takes three tranquilizers a day, also some pheno- barbital tablets, some aspirin, and smokes to excess, am I in error in wondering how anyone could possibly feel well? Some of this is prescribed by a doctor. — I. B. NOj you are not in error. The three medications all have their excellent uses, but the degree of sedation you describe rarely is necessary. The three often tend to have a compounding effect, so together the impact is greater than if they wore taken separately. The net result probably is that the reason for which the medication was prescribed in the first place is not being solved. They'll Do It Every Time ASKEP HIM ONCE WHAT HE THOUGHT OF RAILS, ANP HE SAID HE PIPM'T RIPE 'EM ANYMORE — HES IN HERE EVERY RAY- HASN'T BOUGHT ANYTHING YET—I THINK HE JUST COMES IN TO <EEP IVARM-z DONT LET THE CLOTHES FOOL YOU-HE'S PROBABLY AM ECCENTRIC THAT- ER- VERV CASUAL FELLOW--WHO HE-DO THE DRESSEP GUVS HERE ARE THE CUSTOAAER'S AIEN, AMP THEY PON'T BUY- ~7 WE CAN'T /INSUL INSULT HIM. HE GIVE HIS SITTING BUSINESS iO YOU KNOW? J\ MILLIONAIRE / £ SOMEBODY SIZING UP THE BOARP- ROOM SQUATTER WHO USED TO STTIM THE BARK- 7 TV> 70 JOSEPH LUSHER, M24 OCCAM DRIVE, .MIAMI Dealing with Mississippi By ANDREW J. GLASS New York Herald Tribune News Service WASHINGTON — There are few illusions here about federal relations with the sovereign state of Mississippi. As a high- ranking official put it: "You've got to remember we're at war with them." Release of the white Mississippians charged in the slaying of three young civil rights workers has prompted the administration to ponder anew ways of dealing with a "closed society" bitterly opposed to racial integration. Present policies, however, envision no sudden spurt of punitive action, such as cutting back on sizable chunks of federal aid regularly poured into various state coffers. Wily-nily withholding of federal aid, it is felt here, could wreck havoc among Mississippi's 900,000 Negroes. Moreover, such a step would break even the tenuous ties that still exisj: between Jackson and Washington. Nevertheless, through Title VI of the Civil Rights Act, the government clearly possesses power to cut off federal funds from any state or local government that continues to practice segregation. But the law requires federal officials first to seek a voluntary end to racial bias. And should they fail, actual withholding can't take place until after a public hearing and a report to Congress. In time, it is believed, Title VI will make its' impact in Mississippi and gradually force fuller participation of Negroes in classrooms, hospitals and parks now, in practice, reserved for whites. For Mississippi simply can't afford to give up its fiscal pipeline to the Treasury. In fiscal 1962 (the most recent figure available), Mississippi received 20 per cent of its revenue from Washington. A detailed breakdown for fiscal 1961 reveals that the state received $109.7 million in federal investor's Guide funds out of a total revenue of $526.9 million. By contrast, New York State received $467.2 million out of a total budget of $7.65 billion. Thus, every man, woman and child in Mississippi gets some $50 a year in federal revenue against $27 a year for New Yorkers. According to Treasury figures, Mississippians paid $267 million in federal income and Social Security taxes in 1963, or about $120 per capita. New Yorkers paid $11.7 hillion, or about $670 per capita. The Civil Rights Commission, in a recent study of payments to Mississippi, found that by fiscal 1963 the state was receiving some $160 million annually just through "grants- in-aid" under 118 various federal programs. The long list of "grants-in- aid" includes such other items as assistance for school construction, teaching of the mentally retarded, community health programs, grants from the National Heart and Cancer institutes, the manpower retraining program, and payments through the universities by such agencies as the Atomic Energy Commission for Research conducted "in the national interest." Here is a partial representative breakdown, from figures supplied by the Civil Rights Commission, of annual federal , grants-in-aid to Mississippi: Highway Building .. $39,000,000 School Lunch Program 3,893,000 Special Milk Program 1,379,000 Maintenance and operation of schools 1,508,000 Defense Education Act (Impacted areas) 720,000 Vocational rehabilitation 1,415,000 Research grants and fellowships 674,000 Library Services ... 173,000 Agricultural experiment stations .... 996,000 Home Economics training 2,246,000 Investing in time of higher prices By SAM SHULSKY Author, "Stock Buyinf Guide" and "Investment for Retirement" Q. We have substantial sums in insured savings, where it has been for two years awaiting a market sell-off so that we can buy commons. Should we Invest now at these high prices since '65 is predicted as another "big" year? We do hold some stocks now. Is this inconsistent —cash and securities? Our securities are held with a large brokerage firm, in street names. Is this risky? A. I don't see how you can be any more certain that '65 is going to be another "big year" than you were right in holding off during the last two years. It's interesting to point out that we did have "sell-offs" during the last two years—several in fact: In March, July arid November of 1963 and in June and August of this year. While they were not of 1929. or oven 1957 proportions, they did present (we now know) some excellent buying opportunities. But—as I have often pointed out—the non-professional rarely buys during sell-offs or deep market reactions. I think 99 per cent of those people who declare they are waiting for the market to come The Mailbag Has sympathy for victims of modern hunters TO THE EDITOR: "Local newspaper glorifies local brave hunters." This is my estimation of what your caption should have been under the picture on page 18 of the Doc. 10 issue. Noticing this proud picture display of your two brave outdoorsmen struck me funny. I can't help but have a little sympathy for these poor dumb animals that find it difficult to lick these modern day conveniences of airplanes, snowmobiles, and high-powered rifles. Tell me, where is the sport in this type of slaughter? The airplane ride, merely pulling the -trigger, or watching your kill being hauled in by a snowmobile? These two men must fed elated over their victory. To make things a little easier for our brave hunters of the North, I imagine the next convenience will be electronically remote-controlled bullets for ture hits at safe distances. Rsy Greene down so that they can buy some stock never do buy. Or if they dp, it's generally closer to the highs of the market after they have become discouraged waiting for "bargains." I certainly do not think it's inconsistent to hold cash and stocks. Some proportion of both is always justifiable. If you are dealing with a reputable stock exchange house I don't think it makes much dif- Sam Shulsky ference whether you leave the certificates with the firm or take them home. • Q. I have about 1,600 shares of a mutual fund. I will need this money in 16 months when I retire from the military service and buy a home. I am thinking of cashing it in now as I think the market can't go much higher and is due for a drop. What advice can you give? A. Frankly, none. I think it is a mistake to say: The market can't go much higher. Don't ever tell the stock market what to do. It may go higher, it may suffer a serious decline in the next 16 months. I have no idea. You'll have to play it accord- Ing to your own hunches. "Great Society' The shape of things to come By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON (AP) — PresU dent Johnson dinned it into American heads that he wants to build the "Great Society" but he never said exactly how and he never quite said when. He still hasn't given details but this week, after he called in a group of reporters to let them interview him provided they didn't quote him, it was clear he thinks the Great Society will be many long years in the making. Since last April he had dwelt on the Great Society theme repeatedly, although not recently, pledging his administration to build it. One of his foundation stones, to be offered the new Congress in January, will be medical care for the aged — a plan tied to Social Security. Others will ba road-building programs and funds for health facilities in mining areas. This is a modest enough beginning for a man who did so well in the November election which also gave his Democrats overwhelming control of congress. He has been extraordinarily un-noisy for a victorious politician. But the explanation is that ha doesn't want to waste any of the good will and influence he won through pressure tactics or unnecessary conflicts. In short, ha seems bent on following a very moderate road. He wants to avoid the pit President Franklin D. Roosevelt fell into when, after his tremendous election triumph in 1936, ha damaged his effectiveness badly, particularly in Congress, by his fight in 1937 over reshaping the Supreme Court, There's another side to that story. The court in Roosevelt's first term wrecked one New Deal program after another. But after Roosevelt began his fight the court — through resignations, new appointments and no doubt great self-consciousness —swung around to Roosevelt's side; Johnson, despite his caution, may stumble into the same pit of unpopularity but in the opposite way if he is faced with an issue that badly-needs fighting but tries to avoid it. More than any president in this century — with the exception of Dwight D. Eisenhower who in eight years never really said anything to make people mad at him — Johnson for soma time should have the least trouble with Congress. He knows the congressional mind, having been part of it himself so long, and accomplished a great deal as a Senate Democratic leader by the technique he- seems bent on following now: the soft approach and compromise. Compromise, of course, means an absence of sensational victories. After watching Johnson for years it is this writer's belief his philosophy of achievement is based on making progress through an accumulation of limited advances instead of on a few sensational triumphs. In this way he can hope — although both the liberal and conservative sides ma*.- !>e angry when each doesn't think it got enough or one thinks the other got too much — neither will have ground for enough irritation to be an enemy. Try and Stop Me .. by Cerf TUST 130 YEARS ago, in 1834, a Mr. Delmonico threw open J the doors of his first de luxe restaurant at 494 Pearl Street, Manhattan. Sam Himmell has salvaged a copy of the menu Mr. Delmonico had printed up to attract patrons. Prices were as follows: Soup, two cents; Fried liver, three cents; Corned beef and cabbage, four cents; Beef steak,, four cents; Eoast beef, five cents; Assorted pies, two cents; a cup of tea or coffee, one cent, A complete dinner could be had for twelve cents. And no- tipping was allowed! * * * A young actor, off for his first fling In the movies after scoring a hit in a Broadway play, received this parting advice from the late Fred Allen: "When you get settled In Hollywood, do business with the men with the sallowcst complexions. When you're approached by a fellow who looks relaxed and has a deep suntan, avoid him. He's a bum!" * • • The height of. illegibility: a, doctor's prescription written wittj *. post-office pen in the drop-scat of a second-hand taxicab. I

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