Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 16, 1964 · Page 8
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 8

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Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 16, 1964
Page:
Page 8
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8 Otc. H, 1964 Globe-G«z«He, Mason City, I*. 5 Supreme Court decisions stand out By JAMES MARLOW Associated Press News Analys WASHINGTON (AP) - In al its history five decisions of the vSuprcme Court stand out as the great landmarks in its handling of civil rights. The last one came this week. These decisions have been spread out over more than century. In the course of it the court completely reversed itself which in turn is a reflection 01 the change in attitude in this country toward Negroes. 1. The Dred Scott decision of 1R37, It said slave.s and their Shorter work week gains made by labor WASHINGTON (Al 1 ) -.. Organized labor, so far unsuccessful in persuading Congress lo cut Ihe -tO-hour work week, is quietly winning the brittle for shorter hours at. Ihe bargaining lable. Conlracl.s covering eight million workers - lf» per cenl of all wage and salary employes provide for less than 40 hours, the ATI,I'll) reports. What's more, said an article in ihe labor organization's pub- licalion, Ihe American Kodera- tionisl, "wilh rare exceptions, Ihe shorter work week was achieved without resorling lo! slrikes." While not .so dramatic as the proposed blanket cut by federal law, Ihe conlraet-by-conlrael' progress in reducing hours adds) up to some surprising totals. Kor instance, the article said, "among office employes, one- third are on schedules .shorter, than -HI hours." In Ihe printing, trades, !)K per cenl of ail workers are on standard work weeks under <(0 hours. So are f)7 per cenl of the ladies' garment workers and fir. per cent of brewery workers. "Unions aro winning shorter work weeks in construction, manufacturing, retail and wholesale trade, finance, insurance and real estate, the service industries and in slate and local governments," if said. The report was based largely on Labor Deparlment figures. Some conlracls go even lower than :!. r > hours. New York electricians, who have had a illi-hour week since l%2, art' the classic example. Ralher than slashing several hours from lite work week in one clxif), (he lypical contract nicks off a few minutes al a time, like this one bclween Ihe Chemical Workers and Burroughs, Welcome & Co. in Tuck- aline, .\.Y.: "Each workday is reduced, effective at once. by (en minutes. A year hence, another teii-mimile reduction becomes effective and, in !%(>, a third ten-minute segment is cul off, reducing Ihe prescnl •ID-hour, week lo :i7'j hours bv .htlv I While noting considerable success al Ihe bargaining lable. Ihe AKL-CIO is not giving op ji s at tempt to write a XVhnur week into ihe fair Labor Standards Art, which covers .some .'!!! million Americans If anything, ihe labor organization will step up its efforts in the new Congress in January. Yule decor also can be poison and poinsetlia. c h e r i s h c Christinas symbols, can be f; lal when used oilier Mian fo decorations ur an excuse fo kissing, the National Safely Council says Adults have been known to • lie from drinking a supposed medicinal lea brewed from mis- tletoo berries, the council said. And one leaf of a poinsettia, if eaten by a child, contains an acrid, burning juice that can be fatal The council reported mi <tan gerou.s plants and shrubs in an issue of ils quarterly maga/.ine. Family Safely. The council said the research was done by Dr. •John M. King.shury ,,f Cornell University, Ihe 11. S. Public Health Service and Ihe Amen can Medical Association LONG WORD The longest word in ihe Ox ford Knglish Dictionary is floe- cipaiicinihilipilificalion, which means "the action of estimating as worthless." DENTIST PRACTICE LIMITED DENTURE WORK; 302 SOUTH SIOUX CITY FEDERAL DESMOINES MASON CITY CEDAR BftPIBS •sccndanls were not U.S. cit-|public school stKrcgation. Thisjsubjccl by 1820 when Congress, >n<*' Comnlefptv rfvfrcnft fhn lana i .... ... izens. 2. The 188.'! decision which said it was constitutionally all right for owners of places of public accommodation, like hotels or inns, to discriminate against Negroes. This, of course, included refusing to' serve them. 3. The 189C. decision, with its (rcmendous impact on American life and history for more than half a century. This said it was constitutional to segregate Vegroes from whites so long as reversed the 1896 decision am! opened the doors of American life to Negroes by declaring segregation by its very nature was unconstitutional. 5. The decision Monday. This said hotels or motels or other jplaccs of public accommodation — if they are involved in interstate commerce — cannot refuse to serve Negroes because they're Negroes. This threw out the decision of 188.'i. i they got treatmenl admitting Missouri as a state, permitted slavery there but banned it north of a houndary then established. Dred Scott, a Negro, had been a .slave in Missouri but later was taken to live in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin. He was later returned to Missouri and held as a slave. He argued that his residence in the free states of Illinois and Wisconsin should have made him free.. The high court not only ruled against him but tt'rt, intij j mt,»j a ^aiu.ik mill trill This li a brief history of »he|said a slave and his descendants five Cases: iu/nrn nr\f ^iti-//.nt; in f l U~,l , were not citixcns and had no . ..... . ......... , : ,,,,, ,. 1HAl . I1 ., „„„ 4. the I JIM decision banning! Slavery was already a sorcirights in federal courts. Next — to protect Negroes newly freed from slavery in 1868 the 14th Amendment to the Constitution was adopted, guaranteeing everyone equal treatment. In 1875, to spell out further what equal treatment meant, Congress passed a law forbidding discrimination against Negroes in places of public accommodations, like inns or hotels. Hut Negroes were discriminated against. They went to the court with five suits. The court turned them down with this reasoning: |That the 14lh Amendment only prohibited discrimination under state law or orders and did not apply otherwise to individual hotel-keepers who were thus left [free to discriminate as they pleased. That was in 1883. Next — The 1883 ruling paved the way for a far more sweeping one in 1896. Then the court .said it was constitutional to keep Negroes segregated from whites provided they were given equal treatment. Next — in 1054, under the new Chief Justice Earl Warren, the court unanimously ruled out segregation in public schools in an opinion, which totally reversed the 1896 decision by saying segregation meant inequality and was therefore unconstitutional. As a follow-up to the 1954 decision, Congress in 1957, for the first time in this century, passed a civil rights act to protect Negroes, and another in 1960. Both were pretty limited, hardly more than beginnings. Then this past summer Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This was far-reaching, and particularly, a section which prohibited discrimination in places of public accommodation that were involved in inter state commerce. This, in effect, revived that old act of 1875. Next — on Monday the court upheld the constitutionality of this section — thus throwing the 1883 decision out the window. It based its opinion not on the 14th Be Ready For Winter! All Types Of ... WINDOW Glass Repairs BOOMHOWER'S 113 N. Fed. — 423-2752 Amendment as the court in 1883 did but on the commerce clause of the Constitution which gives the government the power to regulate interstate commerce. ADVERTISEMENT Now Many Wear FALSE TEETH With More Comfort FASTEETH, & pleasant alkaline (non-acid) powder, holds false teeth more flrmly.To eat and talk In more comfort, just sprinkle a little PAS- TEETH on your plates. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste or feeling. 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