Garden City Telegram 15c a Copy GARDEN CITY, KANSAS, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1977 Vol. 49 28 Puges-3 Sections (316) 275-7105 -No. 24 Alaskans Wealthiest U.S. Family ncome Jumps Eye-Catching "Tis winter, and squirrels at Lee Richardson Zoo have scurried Into their cages. Here one peeks through a scalloped hole in the wood. John Montre No More Kissing; Allergic to Humans YORK, England (AP) — It's nothing personal, but Janette Tate says she can't stand people, even her husband Steve. Janette, 21, is allergic to human beings. She said she is allergic to cats, dogs,.horses, trees, flowers and feathers as well, but people really bother her. Crowds make her wheezy and itchy, and her husband's embrace makes her break out in red blotches. "It's a difficult situation," said Steve, 23. "I try to be understanding, but I'm only human. As Janette says, that's the problem." "We've been married for over two years, but even now kissing can be a problem for us," Mrs. Tate said. "If it's too passionate the area round my mouth goes bright red — it's embarrassing to know I can't kiss my husband without my friends knowing about it. "Obviously Steve likes to get close. He's been very understanding, but I can't expect him to keep three feet away from me all the time." Mrs. Tate works as a dressmaker in a large room where she can keep her distance from her colleagues, but shopping or visiting a busy bar for an evening drink makes her miserable. "It's ruining my social life," she said. Mrs. Tate noticed her allergies 10 years ago, but thought she would grow out of them. Dr. William Davidson, an allergy specialist in this northern English city, said the case is unusual but not unique. "Some people are physically affected by the presence of other people," he said. "The severity varies from case to case, but I believe we'll be able to help Mrs. Tate with injections and tablets." Can't Read a Map AUBURN, Ala. (AP) — An Auburn University geography professor says most of the students in one of his classes don't know where to find Washington, D.C., or New York City on a map. Professor Gregory Jeane also said 20 of the 25 students had no idea where to find London. The same number couldn't locate the nation's capital, and 21 of them weren't able to find New York City. Jeane told the student newspaper, The Auburn Plainsman, that the test results "are indicative of a lack of fundamental education on the pre-college level." Garden Sass You're getting along, Gus Garden says, if. you can remember when a bureau was just a piece of furniture. Seeks Help, Gets Schneider Opinion Juvenile Case Load 'Abominable' "Our juvenile case load is abominable," says Finney County Attorney Don Vsetecka. "We're just getting more than we can handle," he said. Because of that, said Vsetecka, he's looking for some help from the city. Assistant County Attorney Phil Vieux is now filing about 40 juvenile cases a month, said Vsetecka. And, he says, that's a lot. Many of those cases are ones which, for adults, would be covered under city ordinance and prosecuted by the city attorney — things such as assault, battery, petty theft, and the like. Vselecka, in an attempt to lay some groundwork for seeking help from the City of Garden City, requested an opinion from Kansas Attorney General Curt Schneider. Schneider issued his opinion Monday. A district court, he said, may require a city attorney to lake responsibility for prosecuting juveniles for offenses committed within the city. The county attorney, however, has no such authority to force a city attorney to prosecute such cases, the opinion said. Vsetecka had asked whether either the district court or his Maytag Self-Ser.vice laundry-64 machines. On Fulton across from Wheat Land Motor Inn. —Adv. office is authorized to require all juvenile proceedings related to juvenile offenses which are committed inside Garden City to be handled by the city attorney. "The city attorney by virtue of his office is authorized only to prosecute violations of municipal ordinances, and thus, he or she may be held responsible by a policy of the district court for initiating juvenile proceedings based upon violations thereof committed by juveniles," the opinion said. "I find no authority under this section of state law for the county attorney to adopt and enforce a policy requiring the city attorney to be responsible for any juvenile proceedings whatever. That responsibility rests with the district court, in my judgment," said Schneider. Vsetecka said he knew the county attorney could not require a city attorney to prosecute a juvenile case. "But," he said Tuesday, "the law isn't absolutely clear as to what we can and can't do." Vselecka said he plans to confer with District Court Judge Bert Vance about the matter to see if he might consider directing the city to prosecute some of the juvenile cases that would be covered under city ordinance. Vance is the only one who could direct such action. "If something isn't done we're going to have to start refusing to prosecute certain things," said the county attorney. "Our work load is just getting out of hand." Right now, said the attorney, his office is prosecuting everything from a slick of gum taken in a shoplifting incident on up. If no help is received, he said, his office may end up having to refuse prosecution of, say, anything $25 or less. "You can just do so much," he said. Vsetecka says he doesn't think folks would like it if prosecution is refused. "If our kids aren't taken in low," he said, "where are we going?" WASHINGTON (AP) — The median income of American families was $14,094 in 1975, more than $4,000 higher than five years earlier, new government figures show. The extensive new Census Bureau reporl, released Monday, gives income and poverly slatistics for all 50 states and the Dislrict of Columbia for the firsl lime since Ihe 1970 census. It shows thai Alaska had the * * * Eight Percent Of Kansans In Poverty WASHINGTON (AP) Eight percent of the Kansas populalion was living in poverty in 1975, according to a new government study by the U.S. Census Bureau. The study showed 177,760 Kansans and about 24 million Americans were in the poor category when Ihe study was conducted. Only eight slates had a lower poverty percentage than Kansas. The Census Bureau's 1975 definition of poverty was a family of four with a household income of $5,050 or less. The study said the median income for Kansas in 1975 was $13,412. The nalional average was $14,094. highest median family income in the nation, $22,432. It was followed by Hawaii with median family income of $17,770; Maryland, $17,556; New Jersey, $16,432, Connecticut, $16,244, and Illinois, $16,062. Mississippi had the lowest median family income of $9,999, the report shows. Comparative figures show that the median family income in 1970 was $9,876, the census bureau said. "Median family income" means that half of all families in the state or nation earn more than that and half earn less. The new report, tilled Household Money Income in 1975, is based on a new onetime poll commissioned by Congress. Here is a stale-by-state breakdown of each state's poverty figures for 1975 by ranking from highest to lowest of the percentage of the state's population living in poverty. It also includes the District of Columbia. The first figure represents the total number of persons living in poverty in 1975, and the second represents the percentage of the state's population living in poverty. Mississippi 607,230 26.1 Louisiana 719,890 19.3 NewMexico 222,560 19.3 eSues Arkansas Georgia Kentucky South Carolina Alabama Tennessee Texas West Virginia North Carolina Florida Arizona Oklahoma Vermont SoulhDakota D. of C. Maine Missouri Montana NorthDakota Illinois Virginia California Idaho Penn. Nebraska New York Ohio Colorado Michigan Oregon Nevada Rhode Island Wyoming Washington Utah Minnesota Delaware Indiana New Jersey Kansas Hawaii Iowa NewHampshire Maryland Wisconsin Mass. Alaska Connecticut 392,340 882,800 595,740 477,860 486,780 659,780 1,870,070 270,240 787,650 1,225,410 314,380 369,950 63,360 87,850 86,460 126,170 564,960 85,890 65,590 1,150,380 513,470 2,192,170 85^330 1,132,900 146,940 1,670,600 997,260 230,180 820,990 203,990 52,800 79,640 32,710 298,520 103,160 323,690 47,270 423,700 586,430 177,760 66,900 225,200 64,670 313,430 352,100 408,110 22,950 204,470 18.5 18.0 17.7 17.2 16.4 15.8 15.2 15.1 14.7 14.4 13.8 13.8 13.5 13.1 12.5 12.0 12.0 11.5 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.3 9.7 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.7 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.1 8.0 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.1 6.7 6.7 For Two Disaster Payments weather SYRACUSE — A Syracuse couple has filed a class aclion suil in federal district court in Topeka against agriculture secretary Bob Bergland for alleged discriminalion againsl married couples in Ihe mailer of federal disaster payments. The couple, Don and Ethel Martin, is seeking to have a regulation in the Agriculture Act of 1970 declared un- conslilulional. The regulalion says that husband and wife shall be considered to be one person. Wheat Production Costs Expected to Remain High What does il cost to produce a bushel of wheal? No two farmers will agree and Ihere probably isn'l any reason they should. But any way you look at it, if prices remain at current levels, the cost to produce a bushel of wheat in 1978 will be substantially higher than what il will bring al the elevator, according to a Kansas State University Extension study. Based on averages for more than 400 farms in 23 Soulhwest Kansas counties, extension economist Randy Baden predicts il will cosl $2.86 lo raise a bushel of wheal on flood irrigated farmland. Sprinkler irrigated wheat will cosl $3.46 and summer fallow will be $3.03. Local elevators were paying $2.46 a bushel Monday. , Baden's account of costs include labor, fertilizers, herbicides, fuel, land in- vestment, taxes, equipment and repairs. Production costs for dryland, or fallow wheat, in western Kansas is high, Baden said, because of low yields and increased land costs included because Ihe Iracl lies idle during alternating years. Twelve years ago, production costs ranged from $1 to $1.50 for a bushel of wheat, he said. The couple, which operates two farms, charges thai Ihe regulalion prevented them from receiving two disaster payments for crop failure in 1976 as a result of drought. They maintain thai Ihey are eligible for Iwo separale payments because they operate Iwo farms in- dependenlly of each other. Don Martin operates a farm in Hamillon Counly and Ethel Martin operales her farm separately in Kearny County. The couple received one disaster payment of $20,000 for the damage lo Ihe crops on bolh farms. They are seeking a second paymenl of $20,000. Thai is the maximum amount allowed by the agriculture act for disaster payments. Garden City attorney Michael J. Friesen will represent the Martins in court in Topeka. He said the Marlins' case was broughl before agriculture appeal boards at Ihe counly, slate and federal levels. On all occasions, Friesen said, Ihe boards determined thai Ihe Marlins operaled Iheir farms separalely, which qualified them to receive separale disaster payments. Separale paymenls were denied, however, because Ihey were married. Friesen said Ihe case will represenl all married couples in the Uniled Slales who operale separate farms and have qualified for separate disaster payments from 1970 through the present. No date has been set for the case. Flocked Christmas trees at Wards Garden Center, 275-1902. —Adv. Sunrise7:39 Sunselii:26 Partly cloudy Tuesday night with the low near 30. Increasing cloudiness Wednesday. Highs upper 40s. Southwest winds 5 lo 15 mph Tuesday night. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24 hours ending 7 a.m. Tuesday. Max. Min. Prec. Dodge City GARDEN CITY Goodland Hill City Russell Salina Topeka Wichita 40 40 50 40 37 42 35 45 29 25 18 27 29 34 31 36 .11 .10 "Nina -Adv. Ricci" only at Hoovers. 'Barely'Missed NEW YORK (AP) — A prisoner taken to Bellevue H"soilal after complaining of stomach cramps walked naked through the halls, down the stairs and out of the institulion after taking a shower. He passed a guard during his walkoul Monday, but the guard's head was turned because he was opening the door for a woman in a wheelchair. Police said Ihe escapee, Harvey Adolphos, 25, of Manhatlan, left a trail of wel foolprinls as he marched down the lOlh floor corridor and vanished inlo a stairwell. Police said they had arresled him earlier in the day on grand larceny and disorderly conducl charges. The guard did not realize there had been an escape until a doctor came to do tests on Adlphos and saw the wel footprints in the hall. The escape took place in midaflernoon in a section of midlown Manhattan near the Easl River. Nobody on Ihe slreet reported anything unusual, and Adolphos was still at large today. 'No Need of Running Your Head Up Against a Brick Wall' By RODNEY HOFFMAN It was Saturday afternoon and Harold Mai was watching a football game on television in his living room. But always in the back of his mind was his farm and the high cost of doing what he likes to do best. "I was talking to a guy the other day — heck, he's farmed 35 years and he said he's lost $100,000 in the last two years. I suppose he was talking about his net worth," Mai said. "The only reason we're going to be able to stay this year is because we had good yields again. That's the bad thing about it. You had to have pretty good yields this year just to break even." His story is repeated throughout the Midwest. While farmers' income has dropped, their costs have continued to rise. Most are heavily in debt — some are forced to sell or refinance their land or, like Mai, tighten their belts to weather the storm. A major concern is for young fanners like Mai, who haven't built up equity "in their farms and are continuing to make payments for land and equipment. Agricultural incomes in Southwest Kansas dropped to near poverty levels in 1976, according to Kansas State University Extension studies. In 1975, average net income for 455 Farm Management Association farms in 23 area counties, was $26,616. A year later (for 428 farms) it skidded to $6,256, primarily because of declining livestock and grain prices combined with rising production costs. "What hurts so much is that farmers have to make decisions from year to year based on what they think their income will be. They have to decide whether they should make changes, upgrade their equipment or buy a new tractor," said Randy Baden, KSU Extension economist. "One of the main farming problems is the variability of income," he said. Mai called the K-State averages "probably pretty good figures to use." "I would say most farmers probably are in that same range. Besides their net income dropping, I would say a lot of farmers' net worth has dropped. "That's happened for two reasons. Number one, they're not generating the same income because of low farm prices. And number two, I would say their used farm equipment is depreciating where for a number of years it was appreciating, like a house." At 33, Mai is struggling like mosl young farmers. Though he was born and reared on a farm near Garden City, he didn't start his own operation until 1971 after five years as a high school vocation agriculture instructor. He began by renting 360 acres of irrigated land and last year bought a quarler section of irrigated land near the city limits. Because of the potential urban development of his land, Mai said aclual cosl figures would be misleading bul, like everyone else, he must worry about making payments. "You may pay it off but you're not going to have any left over for equipment and living expenses. So you've got to have something else — either some rented ground or some paid-for land to subsidize your purchase. "Especially this year a guy needs to be looking at outside income — be it custom work or taking in some cattle and running them on your pasture," he said. Since he began farming, Mai has been baling and swathing hay for others. Instead of buying all the equipment he needed, he worked for his father to borrow some implements. "It's almost impossible for a young person to get starled. You've got to have help somehow, a relative wilh some equipmenl he'll loan you or some land lo renl," he said. Mai is walching with interest the American Agriculture movement which plans to strike on Dec. 14 unless the government promises parity for farm products. The organizalion is planning to stop producing and selling their goods and lo slop buying unnecessary ilems. "I'd say I'm on strike whether I want to be or not. But the time a person gets done paying his operaling and equipmenl expenses, he doesn'l have any profit to buy anylhing anyway." Mai has already laken his wheal from Ihe markel place by oblaining a government loan. After selling some to pay expenses, he probably will do the same with his corn crop, knowing lhat he'll have to make another trip to the bank Ihis winter to borrow for next year's operating expenses. "I'm going to try to lighten my bell up jusl as light as I can get it. I guess I'm optimistic lhat things aren't going to stay this way for long," he said. About 15 miles north of Mai, Lester Webb found that production costs on a small farm couldn't guarantee a profit. Faced with a poor milo yield earlier this fall, he quit farming afler six years and took a job as assistanl manager for Collingwood Grain at Tennis. On Wednesday, his farm equipment will be auctioned. "I hate to think aboul gelling out of farming bul Ihere's no need of running your head up againsl a brick wall." Webb renled one-half seclion of irrigated farmland and wasn'l able to obtain more land needed to lower the operating costs of a small farm. For Webb, 1973 and 1974 were good years. Milo, his main crop, was bringing about $5 a bushel and he bought an $18,000 tractor and a new pickup truck. "Bul ever since Ihen it's been going downhill," he said. That same tractor sells for about $24,000 and a bushel of milo is bringing $3.50 in Garden Cily. "We could make a profil in years lhal prices were up. Bul like prices are now, you can't," he said. "When wheat was below $2 a bushel there was no way to pay for machinery and make it. And then you have to make a living besides."
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