Page 12, Atondey, Atorch 3, 1967 Redlondi, Colif. Flood works hove sporod thousands from disostor Unless they sec flood protection in perqiec- tive. Southern Californians are litely to get a sense of futility from tlie damage that has been done in recent weeks. Actually, thousands and thousands of homes have been trouble-free this winter because of the dams, ditches and levees that have been built. On our own river s>'stem — the Santa Ana — there are several conspicuous ecam- pJes. One of the main tributaries of the Santa Ana originates on the face of ML Baldy, descends San Antonio canyon, flows across the region between Upland and daremont and continues through the Chino district lo join the main stream above Prado dam. In 1938 — the year of the master flood — San Antonio brought disaster to dtnis gro\-cs, to homes, to businesses and to ranches in its path. The Army Engineers re^nded by building the large control dam at the mouth of the canyon and other works. "riie troubles of 1938 have not been vested upon those who now live in that flood zone. Li 1942 Lyile and Cajon creeks went crazy when a tropical storm blew in from the southeast, pushed up against the wall of the San Gabriel range, and released its water in a deluge. East Colton u'as a disaster area with houses filled wMi mud three feet deep, block after block. The main line of the Santa Fe was washed out near the San Bernardino ti-ain >'ards. The Southern Paciflc was L"kc«ise cut at Colton. Because Uie railroads were critical supply lines to the war in the Pacific Congress authorized the con-struction of Ie\-ees and of a broad, deep, paved floodway. These woite haw tamed tJie waters and in the process created the safe site on which the Inland Shopping Center stands. In 1938 the Santa Ana river raced by Corona throu^ the lower canyon and ^read out on the flat ground in Oramge county. Orange gra\res, homes and roads were under water. In response Congress authorized the building of the Prado dam at the head of the Santa Ana canyon, just west of Corona. During this stormy season, himdreds of people have been secure in their hontes. tm- mindful of the disaster that would have come to them in the absoioe of Prado dam. This huge fill, built in 1941, was baddng up w^ter 70 feet deep a couple of days ago. The accumulated flood waters were almost equal in volume to twice the capacity of Big Bear lake. Prado lake did inundate Corona airport and foreed the hasty evacuation of all airplanes. But the dam can't be blamed for that since the airport is built on land leased from Corps of Engineers, within the storage area of Prado. With o Grain Off Salt By FnHrit Mid Hb ft^otcs •r FRANK MOOKE A CiaamfflOD teal, swimmtne in lus tiny, private pond — left by the rams — focused his red eye on me Sunday motniiq; as I drove into THCSly Airport Mow strange to see a wild duck so dose to the entrance road — iwt ei-eiylhine. in the walce o( the storm, was diaercnt. Charles R. Kittle of Riverside, a pilot for Pinky and Joe Brier, and t look off to the K «st in a Bonanza. To our right was the Santa Ana river and under the ITatennan avenue bridge, a group of tired soldiers w-ho had been helping to dig out homes in nearity Loma Linda, were sun- bathmg Mith their shirts off. San Timoleo creek, having spent its wickedness upstream had spared the Waterman avenue bridge and in a short distance dumped into Uie Santa Ava ri«r. As we dumbed toward Colton. the E Street bridge was under repair at is south abutment —precisely as I had seen in March 1938 after the Great Flood. But the lordly freeway was now riding high across the Santa Ana. dwarfing the E street bridge and making it unimportant "Look at Howard Johnson's motd," Chuck exclaimed. The Santa Ana river had stopped just short of undenninins the whole estaUidiment Hie green swimming pool looked to be within 20 feet of the brink. As we turned a half-drcle eastward to go up San Timotco creek, tlie hillside houses alMve Loma Linda seemed to have private glaciers. But on further inspection these shining slopes were not snAw. of course, but large sheets of plastic which people had put over their embankment; to keep the rains from eroding them. As we passed Tri-City Airport, now flying east tlie whole path of San Timoteo for over a mile had spread in a wide swath over the flat ground. Between Anderson street and Waterman the flow had been toward Redlands boulei'aixl, which it crossed, and then l>ctween the bouJei-ard and the Freeway to find its way bade into the creek at the Redlands boulevard bridge: The Anderson street bridge, to my suifirise. was standing and a dump trade was crossing it In the blocks above Anderson the river bad spread a broon path of misery ibrousJi that thiddy settled neighborhood. From the air I could only sense the despair of the people down on the gitHud. diggkg out their cars. dO'ing out their rugs, sun- m'ng their nater-soaked furniture, and trj-ing to restore reality out of the nightmare engulfing them. 41 Well, We Brought Back a Little Something for Everybody!" Mitchell draws a bead on campus disorders •y WILLIAM S. WHITI Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 64, lowest 38. Fierce wind.* which have buffeted the Redlands area for the past tMt> days are expected to diminish tonight but Pomona office of the Weather Bureau expects Santa Ana winds to then begin. Annual Redlands Red Cross campaign launched with the Kick Off dinner at the Ediran Company center. Total of SZ7.- 000 is sought for the 1964 campaign. Unix-eraty of Redlands basketball players Gar>- Smith and Dave Mobs honored bv being named to the 1964 AIl-SClAC cage team. UR quint wtm the conference title. Race problem swept under the rug Jlany more illustrations could be pointed out but these should be sufficient to dispd the notion that governmental agendes have let the people down, leading them vuhier- able to disaster. On the contrary, thousands of people have been given protection of whidi they were unaware. The disasters that that have occurred are small in proportion to wiiat would have come without the control works that have been built in the past 30 years. That does not lessen the need for fiirther construction. The job ahead must continue for generations. Wliat has ahcady been accomplished gives promise of what can be done in tlie future. The Newsreel The airliner highjaddng joke has, we trust, gone the way of the Spiro Agnew gags. Jack Benny is 75 years old. which seems awfully young for a man wlio was 39 for so long a time. A salute to today's college stuctent, as he studies by the flickering flames of the library building. Some statesmen are giving ttnax offldal papers to libraries. Congresstnan Sludge- pump plans to hold on to his ^leedies. Someday he bsspes to get around to reading them. Some petiple seem to be alarmed that a quarteibadc should make more money than a United States senator, but our values aren't completely confused. He still won't be paid as much as Baibra Strei sand. If the lady from Good Housdce^ing can't take the job of consvuner consultant to the White House, how about putting that fdlow from Playboy in chaise of Personnel? The president is being judged on his performance during his first month in t^oe, a period which the average man In a new job it allowed to spend house-hunting and getting bis family settled. At Mountain View avenue, sigfateers were standing on the abuUnents. loddng into the bridgdess gap. Approaching Bon MawT I looked to see if the Mexican- American colony below Barton road had been washed out. Juanita street should no \isible flooding but a couple of houses were perilously perched on the river bank and 1 uwder if others might have been undercut and carried away. At Barton road the bridge, which dropped into the river, was now die««d-up wreckage. buUdozers apparently having attacked it as they dug a channd in the credc bottom. Gwng up the rii-er to Beao- noat «t«mie I counted 17 citnis trees nticfa the flood bad undercut along the left (north) bank and left on the bottom. Xearing Beaumont avenue the river had tried to undermine the mainline of the Southern Pacific. Houe\cr. Percy Domfeld and his follow railroaders had won the battle by dumping carloads of quarry granite. Beaumont road nms from the Muffs of San Timoteo canyon, not far below Community Hospital, due west and up the Bryn Mawr bench. It is ironical that this minor road has become a major thoroughfare, the river having destroyed bridges upstream and downstream. What the river spared at Beaumont avenue is a pair of portable Bailey bridges, designed and buUt in World War n to span the rivers of Europe as the Allied forces pushed toward Germany. Tbey are de mountable, into sectMDs and can be readily tracked. Erected about ao years ago these mQi- tary museum pieces still serve admtraUy. As we flew over, a county crew was driving sleel rails \-ettieaIly into the credc bottom. Tliey »«re crectinc a flood fence to keep the west abutment firom bcms ttudy^p^JB^tf sod strayed if the rains iboukl come agafai. Tbe csonstnictioa crew had a splendid andience. this being the IhreUest spectator event at that spot since the Great Train Wreck, some 20 years ago. (First at a teriM) Quick Quii Q — Why b the rod for roast- ins neat called a spit? A — Spit is from an oU Anglo-Saxon word meaDiis "potaL" TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest ST. fcwtist 49. Rex Oranmer, who has scrxcd on the school board for the past five years, announces he will sedc re-dectkm to the elementary board at the May 19 election. New IxMad of parking place commissioners rules that shoppers can paric for four hours on the new district lots but meters will be good for just t«x> hours at a time. Plans for the new Henrj' G. Clement junior high to be presented to State Scbod House planning officer this week so that shcool opening date of September. I960, can be met. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 60. lowest 40. Dr. Robert L. Morlan. UR pro- lefsw. takes out nomination papers for City Council. Tbe Historic Dunlap Adobe in Ounlap acres ordered demolished "as unsafe" by the couo- t>- Four-«ay stop sign at Citrus and Orange approved by City CbuncU akmg with $40,000 offer by HaroM Winn /or the city- owned northwest comer Orange and OoHon. One Minute Pulpit And T uas with >'ou in weakness and in much fear and trem- bUng. — I Cor. 2:3. U tboo wtNddst conquer thy weakness. UHW must not gratify iL — William Penn. Quaker founder of Peoosylvania. Berry's World By DON OAKLEY It was a year ago that the National Advisoo' Commission on CivU Disorders issued its landmaric warning that .\merica was in danger of splitting hito t«t) societies — one Wack. one white, separate and unequal. What progress has been made smce then in sotting the country's foremost domestic crisis? A major first-anniversary appraisal finds: Not much. '•One Year Later." a wide- ranging et-aluation carried out by twx> organizations concerned with the problems of the nation's cities, echoes the wvrds of the Koener report: "We are a year closer to being two societies." it concludes, "black and white, increasingly separate and scarcely less unequal." The report u-as prepared by the staffs of Urban America. Inc.. headed by former Gov. Terry Sanfond of .Vorth Carolina, and The Urban Coalition, headed by former Health. Education and Welfare Secretao' John W. Gardner. It finds that while some steps have been taken toward eliminating racial discrimbation and poverty in the center city, progress has nowhere been in scale with the problems: "Poverty remains a pen-asive fact of life . . . and the continuing disparity bctv\ccn this poverty and the general affluence remains a source of alienation and discontent." "Ghetto schools continue to fan, and the small amount of progress that has been made has been counterbalanced by a groKing atmosphere of hostility and conflict in many dties." "At present, there are no programs ttiat seriously threaten the continued existence of the slums." Iltrougb the wliole range o( antipoverty programs, bom job. creation and job-training to the opening of busmess opportunities to reform of the mcreasingly burdensome welfare s>-stcm, the investigators found few encour- asing results. Despite the passage of a federal fairfaousing law. the physical distance between the places wtere blacks live and wliere whites live did not d'uninisb during the year. White concern with the problems of the cities was high early in 1968 because of the Koemer report and the assassination of Martin Luther King, but it hardened into outright resistance to slum-ghctto needs later in the year. In sum. there has not been "even a serkius start toward the changes in national priorities, programs and institutions advocated by the commission." There are at least tw-o brighter notes: Blades ready to pursue separatism or violence as a tactic remain a small mhior- ily of the Ne^ro population, and black pride is increasing. Its translation into action m the arenas of community control and self-help contr3>uted to the comparative quiet of last summer. The report, like the one it fol- loH^ up. perhaps oversUtes in one sense, Wc are not one society splitting into two: we have ahvays been tmt separate societies. The upheavals and disorders we have been experiencing are not the signs of a jsation coming apart but are the consequences of our never having joined together. t)oth reports document, however, the mass of white Americans remain uncommitted, or even opposed, to making real for all theu: fdtow citizens the promises contained in the founding documents they venerate. How much longer can a hou.sc divided against itself continue to sund? 'Tte ffa ifdbMt am UdHM «A I tt( if Mktt Book review Another Way ef Living by John Bainbridge (Holt, Rinehart & Winston. $7.»): A book of Americans explaining why they live in Europe. Actor William HoMen says a temporary tax break by no means was the whole reason for his moving to Switzeriand. Writer-composer Paul Bowles said: "I have never believed there was any one way of doing jn>-thing. Or that anyone .should do anything. Or believe anything. It wouMn't be very easy to live according to that nbilosophy in America." He lives in Tangier. Writer Nunnally Johnson's wife: "When I think of the living in New York compared to the living in I/indon in respect ;c the pace, the ease, the gentleness of contact uith people, ihe fact that you are not so rudely met on so many occasions — I don't know whether I ccuM stand it there. One thing r do know. If I were to go back to America now, the reentry shock would be severe." "Amen," said her husband. Mrs. Philip Carter, wife of a New York ad man who moved to Portugal: "Our maid, for six days a week — out of the goodness of our hearts we give the girl Sundays off from nine to five. )-ou know, spoiling the natives — for six dagrs a week, we pay $21 a month. And she is a gem. She looks like a little Wd- iesley giri." Author Irwin Shaw, who Uves in a Swiss ski resort: "It's not like in New York. People sitting in a subway car, and they see two hoods beat a soldier nearly to death, and nobody moves. That would never happen bete in a milUon years." Mrs. Mdvin Prank, a movie producer's wife, said in London: "You know. I've decided that in New York, j-ou've got to have money. In London, you have to l)e in love. And wherever the Hell you are. you shouJd never be S2. I guess that's about it" RkMrrf H. CnwM (UPO WASHINGTON — From the whole range of home issues. Presklent Nixon has chosen campus disorders for his first major commitment to action in the domestic fieW. The President's denundation J) student riotmg. made in a letter saluting the strong line taken by Father Theodore Hes- burgh nf Notre Dame University, was the signal for a push involving the Administration's total resources. The government has selected the frenzy of the campuses for a display of more than moral disapprobation of acauemic hoodhimism. Not only has Mr. NLxon assigned the top member of his Administration. Vice - President Spun Agnew. to monitor the issue, in cooperation with the nation's Governors, among others. The entire Cabinet, save for Secretary of Stale William Rogers, has also been brought into the picture. By necesshy. however, the real buck stops at the desk of Attorney General John MitcheU. Mitchell, though fully conscious of tlie essential constitutional limitations on the Federal government's power to deal with local disorders, is neverthdess far &t>m weaponless here. He is first of an making cooperative arrangements with the Governors and local officials to give to them indirect assistance wherever he lawfully can. More importantly, he is preparing to exercise one undoubted Federal authority that has never thus far been uivoked. This is a section of the Safe Steets Acts of 1968 which makes it a Federal crime — a felony — to cross stato lines for the purpose of inciting to riot or public disorder. To make a case here is not easy, since effective prosecution requires unassailable evidence of a conspiracy. Still the thine can be done. Mitchell is determined to do it. The Federal Bureau of Investigation has long since been aware that while some student "demonstrations" are strictly home-grown, some others are fomented by leap-frogging non- student, adult "activists" of the Far Lett also go from campus to campus to ex|doit landed or real academic grievances and to turn them into violent campaigns aimed at subverting the Vietnam war policy, the military draft and the like. It is to these types that the Attorney General intends to apply the sanctions of the Safe Streets Act. The reasoning is that if out-and-out revoluUon- arics can l>c brou^t to trial, under the full dayli^t of due process, it can be shon-n that the right of peaceful protest is bdng preverted into lawless disorders removed from any student's legitimate academic concerns. The end purpose is to separate the bad fellows from authentic students who, in any row with the university admmistra- tion. are prone to side with the protestors on the general human inclination to go along with those one bdieves are one's own. When Mitchell, a tall, urbane lawyer late of Wall Street, discusses these matters, his concern for genuine civil liberties is as obvious as is his firm determination to break the long process by which nonstudent revolutionaries have been able to becloud the issues on many campuses. The Administration's central motivations in all this are two. The first is that sound public policy manifestly requires an end to the destruction of dvility in tortured universities. The second is a lively awareness that of all the comple.x of feelings bound up in the phrase "law and order." perhaps the most sensitive to the pubEc is the jpectacle of obscene violence in halls of ivy where until lately this sort of thing had been as remote as the moon used to be. Arawaks were nice; Caribs ofe 'em By NORTON MOCKRIDCi ASTIGVA. West ladies - This island, which probably is the most beautiful and enjoyable little spot in the Antilles, also has quite a moral to offer. The first humans to come here, well before the birth of Christ, were the Arawak Indians who had boated up from Venezuela. The Arawaks were WMiderful people — friendly, peace-loving, intelligent and most industrious. And because they vete all these things, the Carib Indians came along and ate them! The Caribs, up from the Amazon, bad two main reasons for eating the Aianaks — one. they were hungry, and. two. they believed that if they ate people who were inteltigeot and indus- triou.«. they would mherit these qualities. You oat a man's brain and you're as intelligent as he. of course. Eat his heart and you're doubly strong because, Bs eveiybody knows, two hearts are better than one. The Arawaks didnt like these cannibalistic traits, but. beinz farmers and people who had learned to live together in peace, they were not eqniw>e«l to fight the hardy Caribs who were basically bunters and killers. There still were Arawaks around when Columbus discov. ered this island on his second trip in 1493 and named the land after the Church of Santa Maria la Antigua in Seville. Spain. But those who didn't get eaten by the Caribs later fdl victim to the diseases that the Spanish brought to the island, or broke under the pressure of being used as slaves after the British arrived along about 1630. A few Arawaks live today in Venezuela and Surinam, but so far as I can find out. none exists in the Antilles. They apparently were too gentle, artistic and dvilized to survhe in a cannitnlistic culture. I don't know, maybe there's a lesson to be learned somewhere along the line. Anyway, a splendid moim- ment to the Anwak culture stands here today close to the exdusive MSI Reef Club. It's a museum. located m an oM. re- stnred sugar mOL and it's filled with thousands of Arawak artifacts. More than 230.000 Arawak artifacts. More than 230.000 Arawak artifacts, incidentally, have been dug on UiH Reef. The museum was developed, with the help of the BliU Reef people, by Fred Olsen of GuB- fard. Conn., a retired research cheinist win for most of his Hfo worked to develop explosives. But. when Mr. Olsen retired from the Olin Mathic- son Co. about 10 years ago. he began to shidy art and arehe- otogy. He now perhaps is the eouoby's foremost authority on the Arawaks and is writing a book about them for Alfred Knopf. Just hiside the door of the sugar mill mtiseua there is a bronze plaque on the wall which reads: "Fred Olsen of Guilford. Com., established this memorial to the Arawaks. our predecessors on this island. His friends at Mill Reef have placed this tablet here to thank him. 1968." That inscription was composed by .Archibald MacLeisfa. the great poet, and when he finished it he said to Mr. Olsen: "Fred, you're more trouble to me than a sonnet It was more difficult writing Ok." And I understand why. When Mr. MacLdsh was trying to put together those words of tribute to Mr. Olsen. he believed that Mr. Olsen was about to die. "My friends were putting up this Ubiet as my epitaph," Mr. Olsen told me. with a wry smile. "You see. I'd just lieen operated on for cancer, and the doctors told me there was no hope. They said I had mayt>e six monOis to live. "But, much to their surprise, that was 18 months ago. Today I'm fine and I never fdt better in my life. Apparently, Tm one of those hidor people wiiose bodies adjust after the main cancer has been removed and then successfidly fight off whatever has been left ".My doctors tell me now that if I want to die 111 just have to get some other disease!" Meanwhile. Mr. Olsen goes on improving his museum. The sugar miU. built about 1843. is 35 feet tall and 20 feet m diameter and is filled with evil spirits. The zemis are made of stone and they are shaped either ia the form of a female breast or, as some people contend, in the form of volcanoes. Interesting thought, what? Unfortunately, the zemis with their supposed magical potency were powerless against the man-eating Caribs. And tcday. the zemis remam, but the Arawaks are gone. (Copyri^t 1969. by United Featiue Syndicate, Inc.) Timely Quotes We already have in operation the most efiident tax-gathering maehineiy in the woiM. but our problem is that after it is collected, we are not putUng the tax revenues where the proli- lems are. -NHT Yerk G«r. Ndsen A. RodnMler, calling for a cftMise ki IIM system ef fcd* •rai aid ta Nw stales. We can withdraw our fbrees Erom the Far East bat we cannot tow the British Isles away from Europe. —Denis Heaky, Britain's minis- ler of defense* The love songs about the moon sbouM be rewritten about the earth because it is much prettier. —AstTMiavt Frank leniMn.
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