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< ;t HA NK\\S-llb;KAl.n. ranaiiM i .i>. i !:> . Miii.hiv Scplcniln-r I'.HS Chinatown Warfare Disturbing SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) The li)7()'.s have brought somo- thiiif^ new to San Francisco's historic old Chinatown—murderous gtmg warfare reniinis- icnt of the Al Capone era in Cliicago. [:iut the prize sought is not control of illicit booze, or drugs, or|)rostituion. It is, instead, a war of rivalry among jobless young Chinese, many recent immigrants from Hong Kong, for power and prestige within their own tattered ranks in tlie world's liiggest Chinese community (lUtside Asia. Fifteen victims have fallen since 1970, slain in the streets in bioad daylight or hogtied and sliangled in remote spots. At least one was an innocent bystander. Vengeance, intense group loyalties and a sense of "lighteousness" are endemic to (he loosely organized groups, ndiig "Gutsy" "Some have chosen the (Chinese) names for 'Loyalty' ;)!• 'Righteousness'—they are Irving to reinforce themselves in a bad situation," one Jhinatown observer said. "They believe in fearlessness, in being 'gutsy.' There's a lot of appeal in f'hinatown for this. There have been at least 50 (Chinese 'anguage) movies on the same i hemes: revenge, loyalty, lighteousness. I think this has a lotto do with it." But except for the periodic outbursts of violence among mostly youthful gang members, Chinatown retains its placid and colorful—if perhaps misleading—exterior. "You've got to understand this," Homicide Inspector John McKenna .said. "People think there's a big breakdown of law and order in Chinatown l)nt it's not true. FOxcept for the gang killings the crime rate is minimal, very low compared to the city overall." The shootings have recalled the Chinatown Tong wars of more than two generations ago, when rival groups battled with hatchets and knives ovei' control of slavery of young women and gambling. Since that era, peace has been kept under the leadership of the Chinese Six Companies, an association of community elders. Gold Rush More than a century ago, the glitter of the California gold rush lured the first adventurous Chinese from their homes on the South China Coast. But they sensed the westerner's hostility to minorities and a strange language, banding together here for their mutual protection and intei'est. And they bi'ought with them an ancient tradition: the honor of the group is more important than the rights of the individual. The tradition generally has kept Chinatown one of the most law-abiding communities in the United States. But part of the recent problem, according to elders, is that young persons are not "humble" enough, unwilling to accept the status quo while quietly working toward betterment. Many Chinese describe Chinatown as a ghetto, overcrowded and rife with poverty. With liberalizing in recent years of immigration laws that allowed Chinese families to join fathers who had THE FBI NEWSEASON!® Spine-tingling episodes of frue to life dramas witt^ the world's most resourceful crime fighiters' Slorring Efrem Zimbalist, Jr, Shelly Novack and Philip Abbott. 6:30 THE DETECTIVE ABC SUNDAY NIGHT MOVIE A WORLD TELEVISION PREMIERE!® I tes a proud cop., .until he pir IS o murder rap on ibe y/rong rnon. Storring Fronk 'jiriofra and Lee Perriick GREAT MYSTERIES Host Orson Welles 9:30 ® T0^S^GHTWJHG-Ty7 traveled here, new pressures were created in Chinatown. "It all began in the late "GO's when a lot of young men came here from Hong Kong. They banded together, primarily because of language bari'iers and lack of affiliation with the established family organizations," McKenna said. Quiet At First "They were quiet at first, but they began falling out among themselves. There was-a lot of jealousy and power struggles, switches in allegiance and fights for leadership. "During the time they were surging into power, they were extorting and robbing Chinatown merchants, eating in restaurants and refusing to pay, refusing to buy tickets at theaters, trying to run gambling. "The jealousies have been tremendous, and the urge for retaliation has been tremendous. If the member of one group dies, then the group has to have revenge. It's sort of snowballed. "These people have tried to control certain areas of Chinatown, the theaters, the smaller shops and restaurants. They wanted things for free, and they offered protection." E.xotic Face The 17 -bkK 'k downtown ai-ea known as Chinatown shows an exotic face to the thousands of tourists who stroll and shop on narrow Grant Avenue, Chinatown's main street, but quite another to its residents. Overcrowding is nearly intolerable. One study showed a population equivalent to 98,000 persons per square mile, compared to 16,000 for the rest of the city. Average education of Chinatown residents is about two years American schooling, compared to 12 for the rest of the city. With the highest youth density in the city, Chinatown has l-20th of the recreation space it needs. Many families live in rooming houses built a half century ago that were occupied by a single man hoping to earn his fortune and return to China. Now whole families often live in two rooms and share toilet and kitchen facilities with others. Many live in commercial areas, above shops and theaters. Some Chinatown residents feel the gang problem is the direct result of crushing social conditions, exacerbated by the arrival of newcomers unable to make a go of it in their new surroundings. "Chinatown is no, different than Hunter's Point," said one young Chinese, referring to one of the city's large black neighborhoods. "The social conditions are the same in Chinatown—with the added burden of a language barrier. "Look, all I want for people to see is what's causing them. Just look at history. Why is there such a large concentration of Chinese in one place?" Racial prejudice is the implied answer. "I'm upset because people say it's all our fault, that the Chinese kids used to be so good. But there's a reason for it. Both the white and Chinese people need to be educated. There is a lot of exploitation within our own community because Chinese have trouble moving out of the community. And there's a bad employment problem. "Look, these newcomers are like human refugees. Some are doctors and nurses or experienced construction men, but they have to be retrained for America, like the Cuban refugees were retrained. No Jobs "But if a trained worker tries to get into construction, he's told he's 'too small.' The Holiday Inn in Chinatown was not built by Chinese construction workers. And the kids, whore do they find jobs?" Although Chinese children are high achievers in schools here, they have scarcely better luck than blacks in the job market. "My parents say don't rock the boat, work hard and make it, that my life will bo bettor than theirs, and my kids' lives will, too," the young Chinese said, "but when the kids finally get up there, I 'oady to go, they can't get a job. They'i'e told, 'no openings," "These kids in the gangs, Check insurance before car travel NEW YORK (UPI) - As any one of the 118 million licensed drivers in the United States who ever bucked holiday, weekend or daily rush traffic knows, the family automobile is still the most popular means of transportation for Americans. A recent survey, in fact, reported that 87 per cent of all intercity travel is done by car. So it should come as no surprise that an estimated 40 million autos are expected to carry 114 million Americans on vacation, holiday and outdoor recreation trips this year —barring fuel shortages. But what is surprising is that the Department of Transportation reported recently that only 22 per cent of the car-owning families carried enough liability insurance to cover them anywhere in the United States while another 27 per cent had enough to cover them both in the United States and Canada. That leaves a startling 51 per cent who could find themselvr.s in trouble in case of an jcident while driving outsi their home state. Come from a state with lower liability minimums, get into an accident in a state with higher requirements and there could be problems, such as posting a bond or even having the driver license lifted. The U.S. Naval Academy was founded at Annapolis, Md., Oct. 10, 1845. theii' father may be a w/iitor and their mother sowing for 50 cents an hour in a sweatshop and bringing llie little kids with tlicm because they can't afford a babysitter. "The older kids go to school but they have no background in English. They go into an American history class and they can't understand any of it. The teacher reacts to them as if they're ignorant or stupid. "So they go out to the streets, they gotta have bread. They want clothes and the other things important to teen-agers. They've got no money. They start i-ippingoff." 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