Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on April 27, 1954 · Page 4
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 4

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, April 27, 1954
Page 4
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W6EFWR ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH -V*,. Editorial TUESDAY, APRIL 2t, 1954 Our CmtffFJtfHlftflmt* To * former Alton resident, cnngrstubfion ^tifflfl being chosen a< Mr*. America. Mr-;. M. Madt- *J»« .Ftfininjts formerly resided here and her htn- »;,»band'« family long has been identified with Alton. Last Saturday, at Ormond Beach, Fla., Mrs. Jennings wa* named Mr*. America became of her , t*len« in many fields, including home-making, jnd her ststuc»q« beauty. Last year, Our Mis* Jacquie Dumbattld of * Monticcllo Collrgt was named Miss Illinois and : *tnt to the beauty pageant at Atlantic City. That our area should win two such great honor* in less than a year i« a cause for great pride. To Mrs. America, the best of wishes. Mother of an 8-year-old boy, housewife, she will wear her ; great honor with becoming modesty and with the charm that won her fame. She has won fame tor hctwlf, (or her adopted city, and for Alton which was the home of her husband and for a year was her own place of residence. »"!•»** Spaghetti is one of America's favorite dishes. At least it helps us keep our head* up. Speaking of Money, Enough Is Enough In one of the Sunday news supplements dealing with what the typical American thinks, statistics were hauled out to show that many Americans think a lot of money is /necessary to happiness. It i« hard to see how so many people could be misled when the evidence is before them. People with more than enough money arc more worried about money. People with less than enough money are worried about money. People with no money arc worried about having enough money. The whole secret is in the word "enough." There may be no man on earth—yea, even in America-— who can possibly determine how much is "enough money." Inasmuch as no one apparently knows what he is talking' about when it comes to enough money, we must assume he doesn't know what "enough" happiness is either. We leave this question to the pulpit and phil- osophcrj. Staying young with some women is not only a good habit but an old one. . * * » * * A professor says every girl graduate eventually will find > husband. And what will his wife say? Wia tun £*plfiln tit \ tonrl.v, Little flirt? .Sometime? it teem* lik<? maudlin wntimfnt*!- ius can War out a <uhjrcf for pity. Dojsv kid* and old l.idici have been worked over hy tearful typewriter^ tn often that ,ilmo<t any yarn on inch subjects become* a yawn unless the facM arc drcwed with a touch of gcnim. Nevertheless, there i< i point to a current uory of a dead dog ,md » little girl, (standard plot for * tcarjcrker) which might stick in the mind of *ome Jerk motorist who thinki an animal on the highway is fair prey. The little girl hasn't many playmates. Her dog was a shadow of affection. After it was struck hy a car on the highway, she wept and prayed. Several hour? later, the animal died. "\ atktd God to pleaw not let him die," she told a small friend later. "Why did He let him die?" Who can explain to a little girl the myucries of life and death? That should he a job for the motorists whose speeding car nruck the dog— and went on without stopping. It's funny how much easier hard work seems when you really enjoy doing it. fflanro* 119 n \tnn\tftt Waited So Long for Sutli a Short Finn- We have reason to smile at young people snmr- timcs when they speak of their meager experiences as though they have left a great life behind them. We know the school of experience i-. more diversified in the higher grades and wh.u appear* good or bad to youth will he of less sip,- nificancc when age begins to unfold the real drama of life. But recently jn the national news came a pathetic little item about a youth who said, "IV waited so long!" and he really had. I tis age wa 19. He was (he father of ,1 newly-horn boy. He knew he was going lo die of cancer. He saw the boy, then went into a coma and a few hours later was dead. "I've waited \o long," he said. And, for him as he lay wracked with pain in a hospital bed, cons had passed before the climax of his life. He wanted so badly to sec his son that he resisted the call from the spectre of the shadows. All this was compressed in a life that ended when most lives arc just really beginning. i> >; » •;• 4 Working for ir instead of wasting time looking for it. makes happiness come a lot quicker. T. M »-t u. » tn. OH t«|* 1JM t, Hti *•'««• M% "Soy, Mom, are you over Roing to quit introducing me to All your friends as the baby of the family?" President's Favor Backfires II !H l! <•«.> IS 'it II WASHINGTON — President Elsenhower tried to do a quiet favor for the railroads the other day which backfired. A delegation of railroad presidents called at the White House nnd asked him to do something about the "Ume r lag" bill, a proposal / to force the Interstate Commerce Commission to act on ra,to increases within sixty days. fThe man who did most of the lacking was personable Bill Farley, head of the. American Association of Railroads, one of the ablest business representatives in Washington and a golfing friend of the President's, Farley made some commonsense arguments that, appealed to Ike regarding delays inside the ICC on rale increases. Wage increases are frequently granted well before the commission .grants rate Increases, and it was argued that the ICC should speed up Its work. So Ike promised to use his influence on Capitol Hill to got the time-lag bill through the Senate, and promptly phoned GOP Senate Leader Bill Knowland of California. Knowland in turn talked to Sen. Bricker of Ohio, chairman of the Senate Interstate Com. morco Commillec. This \vns what: caused the backfire. Bricker is so sore at Kisen- hower for blocking bis Bricker amendment that when he hoard Ike personally was interested ho hit the ceiling. The time-lag bill, he let it be known, would continue to gather cobwebs. In fact, he Indicated he would hold up any other'bill the President favored. Bricker did Ibis despite the fact that the Bricker law firm is paid a relaincr by the Pennsylvania Railroad of around $,'if>,000 to 540.000 annually, and despite the fact that he has done various favors for the railroads in the past. Hatred of Ike, i( was all too evident, had surpassed the Interests of his law firm. TOONERVILLE FOLKS Alton Evening Tclegrapli Published by Alton Telegrnnh Prlntlnu Company P. B. COU8LBV Publlnher and Kdltor Publlihed Dully Suhncrlpllon PMc* 30 c«-nl» weekly by carrier; by mull *10,oo a yenr within ion mllri; $14.00 beyond 100 mllei. Mdll niibfirrlnlion not acrnntrd In in towns where carrier dnllvery U available. Entered a» aecond-claM mnllcr al the DO»| otrico at Alton, III. API at Congress. March a. linn. MEMDKn Or THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ., 1A *« l< >l*t«l ''rein u axoluiivelv entitled lo the use tor publication of all new« dispatcher credited to H or not otherwlae credited to thu R*P e j ? nd , to tnt loc «' "•"• oub- tlihed herein. Local Advnrtl«liiK ttato and contract Information on application al thr Telegraph bunlneu office. Ill |Sa»t Broadway. Alton. Ill National Advertising Repre»ont»llve. W e * !• Holiday Co.. New York. Chicago. Sen. McCarthy's chief advocate inside Ihe Ki sen bower administration, Poslmnster General Art Summcrfiold, tried In make a last-minute deal to head off Ihe Army-McCarthy showdown. Summe-rfield warned his cabinet colleague. Secretary of Defense Charlie Wilson, Hint McCarthy \wis preparing to blast Assistant Secretary Slruve llen- .scl. McCarthy would "forget" the charm-s ngainsl Honsel, Suimncrfield said, if Wilson would call off Ihe Army-Mc-' Carl by hearings. , . but Me. Carlhy's compromise move tuil- o«l. Wilson loiintl that the In- Ic'rnal Revenue llurcnu had already invest iKii led (be s:ime charges and hmd xiven Dense] a clean bill. . . Before McCarthy's broadside n! Hensel, Ihe Navy had launched an un- tlemnei- riiinpainn ( O promote him us Wilson's eventual successor. . . Senators arc outraged over the tactics of McCarthy's private Ruinshocs, Ixin Surine nnd ,!im .luliaim. In their attempt to Ret Ihe goods'on Ilcn- Fontaine Fox spl, Ihcy browbeat his business partner. Arthur Plerson, for five hours, threatening lo subpoena him if be refused lo talk. Rut it was Hie way they located him that, has Ihe Senators furious. The two gumshoes knocked at Ihe door of Pierson's mother-in- law, announcer! Ihal her daughter had been Involved In a hii- amk-un accident and demanded her mklrcss so I hey could get in touch with her. This ruse lo got Picrson's address left his mother-in-law In n slate of nervous shock, ('nlmlt SimiKKUnK Intelligence agents (we received disturbing reporls thai an international smuggling ring is selling cobalt behind the Iron Curtain. This is disturbing because cobalt is a magniMiu melnl that can be highly charged with ra- dioactivily, and scientists claim that an H-bomb, coaled with cobalt, will throw off such a poisonous dose of radioactive dust (Hal it would kill everything in ils path. U this lype of cobalt bomb were exploded off the West Coasl, the prevailing winds would carry it across the United Stales and scientists estimate it could devastate a wide area from California to the Kasl Coasl. Thai's why the Pentagon is alarmed over Hie cobalt smuggling. It's believed the contraband coball comes from Chile ami the Belgian Congo, and is smuggled behind (be Iron Curtain through Switzerland. ilitimiii-Kf l-'lslii-mii'ii Dying The L'.'i Japanese fishermen who gol showered with radioactive ash from the H-bomb explosion are slowly getting worse. Despiln the very best of Japanese medical care, two of the fishermen are not expected lo live beyond (be next two weeks, and the other twenty-one arc nol responding to treatmenl. Meanwhile, doctors claim Osaka is being showered by radioactive rain. All fruit and vegetables sold in the area are being inspected; also all beef and pork. Finally, the Japanese government has asked the United Stales to make a thorough scientific study of the ocean between Bikini and the Japanese coast to find out exactly how much radioactivity remains in this fishing area. Ni'lirii'» Tip Prime Minisler Nehru has sent word lo Secretary Dulles that the Chinese Communists are ready to sacrifice the Indo- rhincso Kcils for I bo 'sake of peace in Ihe Far Kast.; Nehru has told the American inbassy be believes Hie" Chinese Rods will agree to a truce during the Geneva conference, due to the fact Ihal Moscow has drastically reduced :)he flow of equipment to China. This in turn will cause the Clime*' to cul off supplies to Indochina. The Stale Department is skeptical of Nehru's information but admits he does have ^excellent contacts in Peiping, sn -tiis tip is being considered carefully Ifopyright. 1854, Bell Syndicate, inc.) America Well Be Proud Of John Dulles r;KNKVA, April 27 - An atmosphere of frigid politeness if not veiled hostility prevails here between the United Slates delegation and the delegations representing North Korean. Chinese and Soviet. Communists. The other fifteen countries which participated in the Korean War and have come here for Ihe so-called peace conference seem lo be just Inleresled but not overly concerned upec.lalors. Wisely Secretary of State Dulles refrained from assuming the post of a rotating chairman, preferring to slay in UN? background nnd Ihus avoiding the r-mbm-rnssment of silting in the presiding officer's chair where conceivably lie would be dealing in a parliamentary sense with Ihe Red China spokesmen. It. seems incredible Hint Soviet Russia would have Ibo effrontery lo Ihnl Red China be sealed as ftn equal of the powers H! this conference. II is even more fantastic Ihal I be government at Peiping which nol so many months ni'o was professing lo the world Ihnl II had nothing lo do with the intcrventio-1 by Chinese Communist Iroops in Korea and Ihal these were merely "Chinese volunteers" should now be asking lor equal recognition as a "major power". It was only a few months ago, loo, Ihal the United Nations was by formal resolution declaring (lie government of Red Olnn to be an aggressor, but. at the conference here one would think Ihe Red Chinese were as respectable as Ihe governments of tljp free world. Only by reason of the studied aloofness by the United Stales delegation is there any impression conveyed (hat Ihe Chinese Communist government is regarded as guilty of one of the worst crimes in all history. So far as public opinion In and around Geneva is concerned — if indeed there is such a thing — the Red Chinese are just another government engaged in some diplomatic exchanges here in one more of the many international conferences which Irom lime lo lime have been convened in this center of Swiss neutrality. The lied Chinese and Russians are housed in the best hotels and appear lo be enjoying Iheir iicw.fouml equably, at least as ilclegalos. What seems to be forgotten is that tho Communists are responsible for atrocity murders of hundreds of thousands of captives from various contries, plus Hie di-alh of 35,000 American boys and Ibe wounding of more than 100,000 other Americans. This was a war which Ihe United Slater, entered not lo protect a colony as France did in Indochina but to repel aggression on tho theory thai the cause of world peace would be advanced by thai aclion. But here this lolly motive is lost sight of as ihi« pressure- comes from public opinion in Britain and Franco In make some sort of deal with the Communists If it were not for America's stubborn opposition to such a course — prompted by an awakened public opinion in the United Stales -- Uiis conference would wind up quickly in an abject sun-wider lo the Communists. The will to resist Communistic aggression is theoretical rather than real and is applied primarily to Europe. Ik-re on Ibis continent isolationism is quiie poiuilar, only it is Known by (be more euphemistic term "nationalism". Here in Europe, moreover, it s considered proper for Frenchmen to believe in France above ill else and for Britons to he- live In Britain above all else, ml some-how \vlu»n an American buck home voices such senti- ncnts with mspect to bis own country, he is called a "righl winger" or an "isolationisl", which is supposed lo be a first lousin lo a Fascist from Geneva Parley Reflects Mess World Is In B.v JAMES MAftUOT WASHINGTON f(> — It anyone wants to know the state of the world midway in the 20th century, all he has to do is look at the foreign ministers' eonferpnce just getting under way in Geneva. It's a mrss. There is even less hope for peaceful solutions than there was when the Big Four foreign ministers met nt Berlin in January. And there were no solutions at Berlin. At Geneva the foreign ministers of 13 countries, including the United States' Secretary of State | Dulles, are to talk about peace in Korea, where there's a truce, and peace in Indochina, where there's war and no truce. If the truth were known, Dulles probably wishes he was somewhere else. He's in a hit of a box before the meeting starts. Russia and Red China are there. It's possible they might make some concessions in return for giving Red China a seat in the United Nations and for American recognition of the Communists as the legitimate government of China. But Dulles has pretty well shut Hie door on any deal along those lines by stating this country's opposition lo recognition or a U. N. seat for Ihe Red Chinese. The United Stales wants Red China lo do two things: 1. Lei Korea be united. This would mean letting North and South Koreans vote, in free rlcc- (ions. for the government they want. The South Koreans, outnum- 25 and 5O Years Ago he-ring the would win. North Koreans 4-1, Are Americans Growing More, Less Civilized? By IIAI, HOYI.K NEW YORK /P - Is America growing more civilized or less civili/.erl? That is a troublesome question ('> anyone who looks behind the widely shared prosperity that has made the ordinary man here bcller off than kinds in former times. Americans like to think of themselves now as probably the most civili/od people in history — freedom-loving, peace - minded, and deeply generous lo less fortunate nations. Many Europeans, however, look at our reflection in the mirror and see a differenl Image. They see us (is a lucky rich kid, loaded with gold, who remains an uncultcred juvenile delinquent, in love with violence for the sake of violence. They realize and often envy Ihe fact that in a few hundred years we have carved the wcallhlesl country in (he world out of the primeval wilderness. Bui they doubt (hat morally, in many ways, we have left the wilderness. They foci we haven't grown up. Which portrait of the American people is true — I be one we hold of ourselves, or the one so many foreigners bold? The truth probably lies somewhere in between. Bui it certainly | Hint American"desires' V>r"'Korea would do us no harm as a people | nnd Indochina will be fulfilled at to quit patting ourselves on the \ Geneva. His more immediate crit- But South Korea is nn American nlly. If China agreed to this arrangement, it would be handing all Korea over to the Allied side. 2. Withdraw nid from the Vietminh, led by Communist Ho Chi Mlnh, who are fighting the French in Indochina. That would result, eventually, or it should, in victory lor the French. The Red Chinese fought almost three years in North Korea to keep it nut of I he hands of the West and wound up, under the truce, occupying it. It's unthinkable they Would let North Korea slip Ink) the Allied camp. The Communists, Chinese .'incl Russian, have nol in a single instance yielded a foot of ground (hey tnok since World War II. So they're not likely lo slart now. Repealedly American officials have stilted the importance of Indochina to Hie West, saying its fall would open all Southeast Asia lo communism. By (lie same loken, the Communists know the importance of Indochina lo them. It's a little dreamy to think they'd do anything that would result in destroying Ho Chi Minn or losing an inch of ground lit 1 took. Dulles can hardly have any hope Entrance was made April 27,1929 The stationery ftorc of H. G. Mather. Piasa St.. was entered and robbed of $600 in merchandise, and 75 rents in rash. through the skylight. The Mississippi River at Alton was expected to r-rrst within 24 hours at a stage of 30.5 feet. William C. Stork. Washington Ave. merchant. purchased the .lohansen property on Bostwick St.. \vith ground extending from Bostwick to Amelia. After 22 years in business in the 400-block of Belle St., George Winter of 2808 Brown St. was scheduled to rinse his meat market, with the intention of vacationing until fall when he would posibly open a business at a new location. Along with (he Heintz grocery at. Seventh and Belle, the meat market, had opened in 1907. In the cast of the Alton High School play, "The Importance of Being Karnest." were Tom Birney, Dudley Giberson, Harold Neuhaus. Weir Brown! Webster Edsall, Roberta Kinzcl, Verla Lampert, Dorothy Luer, Alma Turner and Dorothy Show. Miss Mildred Rut ledge was the director. Edgar Willis Drew was married to Miss Elizabeth Burks of Pine Bluff, Ark. Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Flanders of Main SI. announced the birth of a son, their first, child. A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs. James 0. Schacfer of Edwardsvillc. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Johnson of Henry St. were parents of a daughter. Udell Stalling*, formerly of Alton, had been named associate professor of physical education at Amherst College. His brohter, Ward, was an instructor at Alton High School. Another brother, William, lived in Los Angeles, and a sister, Louise Stallings, was a noted vocalist. Relatives here received word of the death in Texas of Mrs. Mary West, widow of W. II. West, formerly of Jerseyville, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Earl Kcyes. She was survived by three daughters, Mrs. Kcyes, Mrs. Waller Differs and Mrs. William Urban, and two sons, C. W. of Hartford and William H. of Granite City. Miss Florence Tabalha Finch, 21, died. She was a daughter of Mrs. Mae Finch, and was survived by three sisters, Clara, Mrs. Maude Fernell, Mrs. Anna Boyd, and four brothers, Earl, Thomas, Jesse and Floyd. April 27,1904 .Tohn Wickenhauser reported the sale 6f t % acre tract at East Alton to Lawrence Shot A Lead Co. of Omaha which was to erect a shot tow»r and plant buildings during the summer. The tract was south of the highway between Milton bridge over Wood River and the C*A Cut-off. Frank Laurence, who had just moved hers from Omaha, took a lease on offie* space for the company in the Nisbett Building. Mis* Pauline Guy was chosen valedictorian and Miss Nellie Lane, salutatorian of the graduating class of Alton Hifh School. Commencement exercises were set for June 9. The rise in the Mississippi here was slackening after further rise of 15 inches in 24 hours, and fears of a major flood disaster were easing. Thousands of acres of wheat land on Missouri Point were flooded. Levees held, but LaMothe levee was over-topped. At the glass works two electric-powered pumps throwing an 18-inch stream were put to work in the battle to keep the caves dry. The county Prohibition party convention was held in the YMCA. Dr. W. F. Asho of Edwardsville was elected chairman; Dr. W. H. Enos of Alton, vice-chairman; H. C. Tilton of Upper Alton, secretary; and Ed Yurtgck, superintendent of literature. Frank Teipel, Big 4 employe at East Alton, was servely injured xvhen squeezed between two cars he was attempting to couple. Justice B. Nathan, E..E. Dixon, A. J. Osborn, and Adam Ruth were attending a GAR departmental meet« ing in Springfield. Mrs. E. Pfaff of Fosterhurg, mother of Dr. n. A. Phaff, reported the theft of her purse and $20 by a boy, about 14, whom She had given "a lift" while driving to Alton. Marriage licenses were issued to Thomas W. Spiers and Miss Anna R. Sehaum of Bunker Hill; to Edwards Oppermann and Mrs. Sarah E. Lawrence of Bel hallo; and to Harry Cleveland and Miss Sadie Smith of Alton. Pupils passing county school "finals" at Edwardsville included Emma Gallowny of North Alton; Ruth Talmage of Godfrey; Ed Walls, Leta Robinson, and Louis A. Bright of East Alton; and Blanche Cartwright ot Gulp district. Victor Riesel Says Anticipate Boom back and take a steadier look at ourselves In the mirror. Our system of individual liberties, our constitutional safeguards ical problem would seem to be in keeping the American ally, France, from weakening. Tlie French are gelling des- agalnsl Ihe growth of tyranny, are ! Perate in their losing fight with the Vietminh. Over the weekend Ibey reportedly called for American ntid British help, greater and more direct, than any given them so far. This hardly gave Dulles and the British a psychological advantage, coming as it did on the eve of the conference. If the Communists at Geneva offer the French any kind of attractive (ruce, bow can Dulles keep (he French from accepting unless he promises American intervention to bail them out? He'd have trouble doing that without congressional approval, and Jie didn't go to Geneva armed with that approval. For Geneva must look more sweat box than a con fere nee. Dulles like a Prayer for among the world's political wonders. But the finest laws are good only so far as they are obeyed or enforced. Rcspocl for the oilier fellow's rights is the keystone of outlaws, but how well is this principle being followed? The latest FBI survey shows that as a people we are becoming less law abiding. In reporting 2,159,000 criminal offenses in 1953, the FBI pointed out that in four years the population rose only five per cent but crimes increased 20 per cent. How safe is an American in the pursuit of happiness and the ownership and use of bis own property? The FBI estimated that in the first half of 1953 there was a murder or case of negligent manslaughter in Ihis country every 4()..'i minutes, a reported rape every 29. \ minuies, a robbery every 8.8 minutes, an aggravated assault every T>.71 minutes, a burglary every : minutes, a larceny every 'J5.G seconds, a car thefl every 2.31 min- tues. More than 21).000' Americans were confronted by robbers using guns, knives or other weapons. How peaceful are we—bow civil- i/eil—when crime oust rips our population rate 4 to 1? We do need a good, long, bard look at ourselves in the mirror. Germany. The truth, however, is Ihnl isolation is (he paramount policy of each country in Kurope, and slich organizations as the European Defense Community and even (he NATO setup are regarded as devices invented by the United States and are tolerated merely as one way of getting economic and military aid, both of which, of course, are sorely needed. Americans can be proud of John Foster Dulles, (heir Secretary of Stale, for he manifests on every occasion the firmenss so necessary to keep this conference from becoming a victory for Ihe Communists, lie naturally has to tread cautiously here as the French play a skillful game in Indochina, and the Communists, well aware of the strains between (he free governments, seek to obtain acceptance ol' a formula which will pay lip service to the unification of divided Korea or a divided Indochina but which can only mean. if not rejected here, the triumph ol Communistic infiltration. (Copyright 1954. New York Herald Tribune, Jnc) 'emythSiig'ta'iHreii o^'food!" i O Thou who dost neither slumber nor sleep, complete by thine unwearying power what we can only begin. We thank thee, Father, bat after we have done all that ive can do through work and prayer, thou does take the night shjft; n Jesus' name. Amen. -Richard W. Graves, Pittsburgh, ''a., editor-in-chief, United Presby- .erian Publications. 'Copyright 1054 by the Division of Christian Education, National Council of ihe Churche» ol Chri«« In the U.S.A.) Volcano Explode* GOMA, Belgian Congo if — A lew mountain .s growing on the MM-der between the Belgian Conf;o and the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda. Feb. 'Jl the low saddle linking PIT extinct and an active volcano -- the Nyaragongo and the Nyamuragira — blew up with a bang (hat was heard 50 miles around and flames started to shoot out of the hole, mixed with ash and pumice. Lava poured out and ran down the mounlain threatening an importanl road. A few days later, the new crater In private conversations recently, some oi the best informed labor leaders and industrialists hove said that they not only expect the recession to run itself out by Sept. 15—but believe that by Oct. 15, this nation will be in the midst of booming prosperity. They anticipate expanded arms production. They look for a boom in auto and steel. In fact, (hey say that steel is "short" in some items right now. You can even expect widespread wage increases this year. In steel (lie package probably will he about 8li cents an hour increase. They predict less than 2,500,000 jobless in six months. They point out that "tremendous" expenditures on roads, radar screens in depth, underground facilities and dispersal of industry vyjll spring from Ihe swift drive to build H- bomb defenses. They point out that never before have the nation's states and communities b;id so many millions lo spend on "non-Fcderal- Govcrnment" projects. This is substantiated by a report from New York's Gov. Dewey that $2,800,000,000 aJoly foi- ls available immedi- a stale-wide public works program. In Texas recently I learned of a 550,000,000 fund lor watersheds, "Not a penny of which came from Washington," they said. Furthermore, there is a grim Asian threat of a two-front war. For if Indochina flares into a U.S.-Peldng battle, Korea will reopen too, these experts believe. Meanwhile, the White House has taken its own relief plans out of the lalking slage and has complelcd plans for an extensive construction and public works program which can be unleashed overnight—and on a scale "more vast" than that of the Thirties, I'm told ... Colorful Dave Beck, leader of the Teamsters Union, who is rated everywhere as one of the nation's mosl powerful labor chiefs — if not the most [jo\vorful—may suddenly find himself isolated and in a knock-down fight with the rest of American labor. Here's what's happened: Beck has said that he wants to build his union to an unprecedented membership of 3,000,000. He has said that be plans to take from any union all those members in its ranks who drive cars and trucks-even salesmen and mechanics. When the AFL and CIO negotiated an agreement in which all unions would sign contract promising that they would never raid each other's territory, Beck refused to go along. When the CIO high command met in New York recently, they said, in effect, that they wouldn't sign the peace pact, since t he AFL could nol deliver Beck—and that he had made no secret of his belief that all of CIO was really in AFL jurisdiction. So AFL president George Meany sent Waller Rcuther a friendly three-page letter. In it Mcany said, in effect, that he. .wanted peace and,thai,after all he had 65 big AFL 'unions with about 6,000,000 members ready to sign for the outlawing of Ihe costly jurisdictional labor wars. Reuther passed the lelter along lo the CIO Executive Committee in Washington two weeks ago. They liked Meany's message; they liked his lone; they believed they could work with him. So they agreed to sign after going through the process of getting a formal okay from their larger Executive Board on May 10. Meanwhile, Meany has called all AFL international union presidents to a conference at ihe Conrad Hilton Hotel in Chicago, Friday, May 14, at 10 a.m. They'll discuss the implementation of the peace pact with CIO, among other things. This means an informal agreement that practically all of CIO and the majority of the AFL will buck Beck if he begins to raid any of the unions. It repersents a great victory for Meany—for there are many inside labor who believe that Beck was challenging the AFL president. (Copyright, 1954, Bell Syndicate, Inc.! Dog Wrecks Oar YAKIMA. Wash. /P-A 200- pound SI. Bernard's dash in fronl of a car has brought a $10,428 damage suit against the dog's owners here. A man and wife say the dog caused the wreck in which (hey were injured. The dog was killed. Questions • Answers A reader CM let the intwer ta •njr quMOon of fact by wrltlnf Th« Telegraph Information Bur- oji. 120p BYE ST., N. W., Wa.h- Ington S. D. C. Pleane enclos* thre« (31 c«nU for return ooitafe. Q. Why does a dinner sometimes include a dish called a savory?—A.A. A. A savory is designed to take Ihe sweet taste from the mouth, It is a highly seasoned dish, or course, served at the end of a dinner. Q. Are there more Communist party members in the United Stales or in Great Britain? H.Y. A. According to the FBI, Communist party membership in the United States declined from about: 74,000 in January 1947, lo approximately 24.000 in 195.1. Communists in Great Britain reached a peak of 47,513 in aeci.ined to 35,124 in Sfhce tiien, the number has remained between 35,000 and 36,000. Q. During what month of the year is employment usually at its peak?—A.W.H. A. ^For the country as « whole, employment traditionally reaches its peak in the summer, during the month of August, and its low point in the winter, during January or Febni- ary. In individual industries the peak will occur at olher seasons of_the year. Q. How are monarch butler- flies branded by scientists who study their migrations?—E.G. A. Several methods have been tried with varying successes. Labels are sometimes attached to individual butterflies, or rubber stamps applied with special check protection ink. Canadian biologists often punch a holt near the edge of the wing and fold over it a tiny white label bearing identification marks. The edges of the label are fastened together through the hole. Q. In what type of factory work do the fewest accidents occur?—J.T.P. A. 'The safest factory employment is in ( explosives, where, according to recent figures, the number of disabling injuries per million man hours worked in only 1.8. MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSKPI! WHITNEY which the propagation of the human species depends, for without il Ihe young would never be protected and cared for. There ar« few things that give us the delight we get from watching small, living creatures wrestling with their problems, a pup learning to growl, a kitten chasing « string, a baby dissecting a ratlle, Should a teacher be Impersonal? Answer: A leacher should be impartial in the classroom, but not impersonal, A teacher's per. sonality can be his greatest asset. Dr. William C. Menninger of Topeka, Kan , said recently that the capacity for warm inlerper. onal relationships and the abil. teachers started to build a new cone of ">' to inspire students are special cinders and hot stones around j abilities of the most successful the first hole. The wild animals living fled, eiephjmis and buffaloes wandering boldly through native villages and. plantations, destroying everyone need eight iiourti sleep? Answer: Children need much more; many adults get along very successfully on less. A per. son who can relax and sleep soundly for six hours will usually fare better than the eight OP nine hour sleeper who tosses and turns most of the night. A study made by Psychologist Peter E. Siegel indicated that fear ot sleeplessness kept many people in insomnia with tow-octanes ga«; it lowers efflcien - our strongest emotions upon hurt the motor. I* fiver)one attracted to small "TKn.< „,„„£<• . •»———».. aivKiucaeucRa ivcui Kiauy pif(. Ihcy are of far Answer: Practically everyone, awake. Joseph A Kennedy S peoagogic s«£Ul. our strongest emotions imnn him tt,. „,„*«.. * * ! *^' 1851, re»tur«* S>n<Uc»U. Inc.)

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