Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on March 19, 1959 · Page 1
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 1

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Thursday, March 19, 1959
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I35B 69th Year No. 40 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, MARCH 19, 1959 ricu phon« PY s^32i Twelve Pages 5 Cents AGREE TO MAY 11 CONFERENCE U.S. Exploded Nuclear Bombs 300 Miles Up Secret Tests Over So. Atlantic Last September Revealed WASHINGTON (UPI) — The United States exploded three nuclear bombs "at a very high altitude outside the earth's atmosphere" over the South Atlantic last September in highly secret tests which could point the way toward a defense against ballistic missiles. The tests, conducted more than 300 miles above the earth, were announced by the Defense Department in a terse statement early today. Top Pentagon officials hailed the blasts as highly successful technical -Frank H. Shelton, technical di rector of the Armed Forces Spe rial Weapons Project, said the tests achieved a "generally high degree of success." He said some of his associates believed it was "the greatest scientific experiment ever conducted.' Dr. Herbert York. Pentagon research chief, said, "as a scientific experiment it certainly is magnificent." The test series was known as Project Argus. The Defense Department an nouncement said the explosions had two purposes: To test scientific theories about the earth's magnetic field and to examine high altitude effects of military interest. Military Secrets The Pentagon said details of the military aspects would not be dis closed. Shelton and York took the same attitude. But Shelton indicated the tests will aid in developing an antimissile missile. Both men cautioned against assuming that such a defense soon would be perfected. Shelton said this country was "not necessarily" ahead of Russia in perfecting a defense against onrushing intercontinental ballistic rockets. He said the atomic weapons • v ere blasted into the sky by a' "scientific vehicle." not a mili-, 'nry rocket. He said the vehicle 'ad "no military implications" at ;his time. York and Shelton indicated that 'he Explorer IV earth satellite was hunched specifically to measure the radiation given off by the blasts. The Defense Department said the satellite gathered data that would be released after it had been "reduced and studied." Russians Surprised The explosions apparently were undetected by Russia. Shelton said this probably was because they were so small and were detonated in a remote corner of the world. (Soviet delegates at atomic :est ban talks in Geneva appeared surprised when informed of the tests. They refused to say if Russia had detected them. They said only that they had never heard them mentioned before.) York said the bombs threw a thin veil of radiation around all except the polar regions of the earth within an hour. He said thisi was similar to the Globe's natural radiation shell known as the Van Allen belt. The research chief said the tests threw off electrons which were trapped in the earth's magnetic field. Some scientists have speculated that such radiation, exploded in the path of an enemy ballistic missile, might detonate its nuclear warhead before it reached its target. PASADENA, Calif. 'UPI) — "Very direct proof" of theories concerning the radiation bands surrounding the earth was provided by explosion of three atomic bombs more than 300 miles above the earth. Dr. James Van (Continued on Page Six) Quarles Says Tests Will Aid U.S. Defenses WASHINGTON' (UPI) —Deputy Defense Secretary Donald A. Qiiarlcs said today that secret high altitude atomic explosions over the South Atlantic had advancer 1 America's ability eventually to develop defenses against ballistic missiles. He told a news conference that the three explosions of "very low yield" nuclear devices "advanced the basis of knowledge" for an anti-intercontinental ballistic missile defense system. Quarles and Dr. Herbert York, defense research director, met reporters in a nearly two-hour ses-i sion. marked by unusual caution in answering questions, after the news of the tests last August and September first broke Wednesday, night They said the explosions verified that an artificial band of radiation could be created at a high altitude around the earth. While Quarles said the tests enhanced ultimate development of defense against missiles, an atomic authority dropped a strong hint that a major aim of the tests was to see if radio and radar communications could be disrupted by creating the artificial radiation hundreds of miles above the earth. This might black out Russian— or American —systems for detecting missiles and airplanes. Quarles said that there was "no question" that an artificially created electron layer would affect the propagation of electromagnetic waves, that is radar and radio communications. He acknowledged that there could be "some effect" on a nation's radar systems used for detection of incoming missiles and aircraft. But he pointed out that the electron radiation would have "different effects on different wave lengths'" and he refused to be specific as to what effects there might be on existing American radar. The implication seemed to be that the tests would help scientists learn more about the radar ranges and frequencies needed in a future detection system. York said that from a scientifc standpoint the tests produced "nothing that was in great conflict with anything known before." Quarles flatly refused to discuss whether the earth's magnetic field could be used to trap neutrons in a way to neutralize the warheads of enemy missiles. Weather LOS ANGELES < UPI i— Noon forecast as prepared by the U.S. Weather Bureau: Mostly clear weather will prevail over Southern California through Friday except for patches of night and morning coastal low clouds and fog south of Los An- jicles. Locally windy conditions are expected over mountain and ''.esert sections this afternoon and tonight. The winds may reach a few areas below mountain passes in the upper coastal valleys. Saturday's outlook is for gener- illy clear and slightly warmer veather. San Bernardino Valley: Clear tonight and Friday with local strong north to northeast winds below mountain passes. Slightly warmer Friday. Low tonight 45-55. March 19, 1959 Highest 72, Lowest 47 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:53 a.m. — 5:59 p.m. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 76, Lowest 43 Warren Vote 60-4 SACRAMENTO (UPI) — The Assembly voted, 60-4, Wednesday in favor of a resolution congratulating Chief Justice Earl Warren on his 68th birthday. The "no" votes all came from Republicans.a Atlas Falls Short Of Goal, 700 Mile Flight CAPE CANAVERAL Fla. (UPI) —An Atlas ICBM fitted with a new "dunce cap" nose cone traveled only about 700 miles Wednesday night on what was to have been a 4,500-mile flight, it was disclosed today. Air Force officials in Washington said the 100-ton weapon, designed to hurl a hydrogen warhead 6,300 miles, developed "propulsion and control prcblems" and fell into the ocean far short of its intended impact area. Officials had hoped to recover the experimental "peel-off" nose cone for study to determine how well it could protect a warhead But the short hop apparently killed the planned recovery attempt. It was the second abbreviated flight of an Atlas in two months One of the weapons, fired Jan. 15 on a planned 6,300-mile flight, had propulsion troubles and dropped into the ocean less than 200 miles from the cape. Macmillan Arrives For Big Two Talks Says He Believes Soviets Realize World Wants To Avoid War Swallows Back At Capistrano On Schedule SAN JUAN- CAPISTRANO Calif. (UPI i— The swallows re-! turned to Mission San Juan Capistrano today to keep alive their traditional St. Joseph's Day appointment. Crowds of onlookers waited around the mission walls in anticipation of the event and heard the whirring of wings as thou sands of birds descended and be-: gan building their nests. Ted Hodges, a 25-year veteran at watching the arrival of the swallows, said he never had seen the birds return in such great numbers as this year. Legend says the birds first were given shelter years and years ago by a kindly mission padre after an irate innkeeper destroyed their nests. The birds return each year on this date. Last Flare Brought Aid LONG BEACH (UPD — Three Anaheim residents today credited a flare—the last of 16 they used— for their rescue from a disabled hoat. The last flare was spotted by Capt. Tadashi Tsubouchi of the freighter Taian Maru. The freighter was three miles from the 20- foot outboard craft off San Clemente Island. Aboard the small cruiser were Darwin Glenn, 45, his wife. Donna, 43. and a cousin of the couple, George Hansen, 45. They had no food nor water when picked up, according to the Coast Guard. House Votes Airport Bill WASHINGTON <UPI) — The House, repelling an economy coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats, today passed a Democratic airport construction bill containing 97 million dollars more than President Eisenhower requested. The vote was 272 to 134. The 297 million dollar bill now qoes to a House-Senate conference committee for compromise. The Senate version provides 465 million dollars. The President asked for 200 million dollar program. WASHINGTON (UPI) — British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan arrived here today for "big two" talks with President Eisenhower. He said he believes Soviet leaders realize "they, like we, have a common interest in avoiding war." He said that the allied task in the Berlin crisis is "to work out a common policy which combines both firmness and reasonableness." As Macmillan reached Washington by jet airplane from Ottawa, U. S. officials said they welcomed the moderate tone of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's press conference remarks in Moscow today. Khrushchev announced he was accepting the West's invitation to participate in a foreign ministers conference on Germany May II. He also urged full-scale talks by all World War II allies to write a final peace treaty with Ger many. Agreement To Negotiate Macmillan said that in his recent Moscow talks with Khrush chev, he believed he got Soviet "endorsement of the principle of resolving differences btween nations by negotiation and not force." He was met at the airport by Acting Secretary of State Christian A. Herter and Vice President Richard M. Nixon. Macmillan's talks with Eisenhower will begin Friday at the White House moun tain retreat 65 miles from Wash ington. Macmillan said the British- American "partnership has never been closer than today." The Prime Minister stressed that the allies must be firm in their dealings with Russia. He said that "to agree to negotiate is not to abandon one's principles." Nixon told Macmillan he was confident that the Anglo-American talks "will contribute to the unity of purpose" of the Free World. Allies Are Gratified Both Macmillan and American officials were gratified by the spit it of negotiation shown by Khrushchev at his unusual press conference. American officials privately dismissed the Soviet Premier's call for a multination conference to write a German peace treaty. They said the U. S. believes this is too clumsy an approach. Macmillan rejected the multination idea before leaving Ottawa. The White House declined any immediate comment. Diplomatic authorities said the dominant impression which has emerged from top level statements from both sides during the past two weeks is that both Russia and the West are moving toward negotiation and away from the possibility of armed conflict over the Berlin issue. Ancient Manuscript Has 114 Sayings Of Jesus NEW YORK <UPI) —A noted Biblical authority said Wednesday night that an ancient Coptic manuscript found in Egypt in 1946 contained 114 sayings of Jesus which may be as authentic as those found in the New Testament gospels. Dr. Oscar Cullman called the discovery of "The Gospel of Thomas" of greater significance to scholars than the finding of the famed Dead Sea Scrolls. Cullman, professor of early Christianity at the Sorbonne in Paris, is a visiting professor at the Union Theological Seminary. He said in a lecture Wednesday night he had been in possession of the text of "The Gospel of Thomas" since 1956 and had found nany sayings and parables attrib- ited to Jesus that have no paral- el in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke or John. The biblical expert said the Thomas Gospel appeared to be an ipocryphal work compiled by a gnostic and dating in part from the second century after Christ. He said the quotations attributed to Jesus were possibly derived from the same collection of Jesus' sayings that Mark —and perhaps Matthew and Luke —drew on when they wrote their testaments. Cullman described some of the new sayings as "pearls" and said their interpretation would occupy scholars for decades to come. Some of the "pearls" he quoted were: "Jesus said: He who is near Me is near the fire, and he who is far from Me is far from the kingdom." "Split a piece of wood —I am there: lift the stone and you will find me there." The Thomas gospel was one of 44 treatises written on papyrus and bound in 13 leather-covered volumes. The book had been hidden in a jar in a tomb in a limestone cliff near Khenoboskion, 60 miles from Luxor, Egypt. Peasants found them and burned at least one of them to heat a pot of tea before scholars in Cairo got wind of the discovery. San Luis Project Nears Final Approval WASHINGTON (UPI)—California's long-delayed San Luis Reclamation Project, after three years of frustrating battles in Congress, today appeared to be well on its way to final approval. With luck, legislation to authorize joint state-federal participation in the proposed 400-million dollar irrigation unit could be cleared by both the House and Senate within a month. Unlike past years, in which San Luis hearings have dragged on interminably, the much-debated project apparently is about out of the talking stage. A House irrigation and reclamation subcommittee was scheduled to wind un its San Luis hearings today. Floyd E. Dominy. associate reclamation commissioner, was the only witnrss still tn testify. A Senate subcommittee disposed of the San Luis matter in one afternoon. Sponsors of the San Luis bills predicted that the subcommittees on both sides of the Capitol would act favorably on the legislation soon, possibly before Easter. Court Expansion Urged SACRAMENTO (UPD-The Assembly Judiciary Committee Wednesday approved a bill by Assemblyman Lee M. Backstrand (R- Riverside) to add three new judges to the Riverside County Superior Court. There now are four judges. —NEA Ttltphoto ARRIVING FOR TALKS —British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (right) is greeted by Canadian Prime Minister Diefenbaker at the airport at Ottawa, Canada. Macmillan was to discuss the Berlin crisis with Canadian leaders in Ottawa before flying to Washington to meet President Eisenhower. There is something of a rift between American and British views on the desirability of a demilitarized zone in central Europe. Crazed Kidnaper Bargains With West Va. Governor SOUTH CHARLESTON, W. Va. i UPI) —The automobile in which Richard A. Payne abducted a mother and her three children was found abandoned today near Smithville, W.Va., about 90 miles north of here, state police report cd. SOUTH CHARLESTON, W. Va. 'UPI) —A crazed ex-convict bargained today with the governor of West Virginia —the life of his| worst enemy in exchange for the' lives of a kidnaped mother and her three small children. In a letter delivered today tc Gov. Cecil H. Underwood, ex-convict Richard I. Payne. 23. ex plained his "screwball" scheme for vengeance on his worst enemy, whom he identified as "Burton Junior Post, better known as Junior Starcher." a convict of West Virginia State Penitentiary a t Moundsville. Penitentiary Warden Johathan Adams said Burton Junior Post. 28. is a long-term convict whose sentence does not expire until 1973. Payne, released last week from Moundsville. kidnaped Mrs. Elms Baldwin. 29. and her three chil- aren. Kenneth, 10, Danny. 7, and Susan. 5. from their South Charleston home at gunpoint Wednesday. Scores of police, aided by FBI agents from Pittsburgh, joined in the hunt for Payne, described by State Police Capt. W. R. Callaghan as "extremely dangerous in view 1 Greeks Honor Cyprus Leader ATHENS. Greece (UPI) — Parliament has promoted George Grivas. leader of the anti-British underground of Cyprus, to lieutenant general — the highest military rank that can he held by any Greek except the king. The legislature a'so has proclaimed Grivas a "dignified citizen" — an honor first conferred on pericles in ancient Athens. Grivas returned home Wednesday from Cyprus, where >ic has led anti-British gucrrilas for four years. He is scheduled to visit King Paul today. of his apparent mental condition." Roadblocks were set up through out the southwestern portion of West Virginia. Wants Vengeance Payne, in the letter to Under wood, said. "I have kidnaped some children who are citizens of West Virginia... which you govern Only you have the power to save them from certain death by grant ing my demands. I don't want money —I want VENGEANCE "My purpose is to kill and take the head of my worst-enemy who is now out of reach. He is in West Virginia Penitentiary at Moundsville. "I demand that you cause the convict whose name is Burton Ju nior Post, better known as Junior Starcher, to cooperate with me. I HATE him with all my existence. Now I must kill bim or go mad. I am honorable. Do as I say and I will prove my honor." Warden Adams said he was investigating the relationship between Payne and Post. He said Post was sentenced from Roane County, W. Va., in Slay. 1956. for armed robbery, breaking and entering and robbery. Three-Day Deadline Payne's letter to the governor described a "death circuit" which Post was to travel in an automobile. The circuit was a triangular area between South Charleston. Spencer and Salem, roughly 30 by 40 by 60 miles. Payne apparently wanted Post to drive in this area, and he would exact his "vengeance" at some point to be determined by himself. Payne gave the governor few alternatives. "If you (Underwood) succeed, then I will release half the kids as soon as I can. I release the rest at the time I get Post. If Post refuses despite all I can do. I will release half the kids anyway but will torture the others to death." Payne threatened. At another point the five-page letter said. "If Post refuses because you just want him to die... then all my captives will be tortured to death. I have spoken." A three-day deadline was im- posrd by Payne. "By the night of the 21st I should have his head." Payne said. Brown Takes Verbal Swing At Rockefeller SACRAMENTO (UPI) — Gov. Edmund G. Brown took a verbal swing at New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller's "soak the poor" tax program here Wednesday night but urged support of his own as "fair and equitable." Brown said that "the tax program I have outlined is fair and equitable as it can be. Unlike the 275 million dollar 'soak the poor' program of Governor Rockefeller in New York, it treats the low- income taxpayer fairly." The governor told a meeting ol United Steelworkers of America that his proposed taxes on cigarettes and beer "are sought only as a part of a much larger over-all tax program." He claimed that "other taxes have been carefully designed to reach upper income groups and industries not paying their share of the tax load." Brown reiterated the need for a minimum wage law and boasted that his bill to establish a Fair Employment Practices Commission "seems certain of passage The administration - sponsored minimum wage bill calls for a $1.25 per hour floor for all workers, including those in agriculture. Right Of Way Bill Introduced SACRAMENTO (UPD—A bill to make it clear which driver has the right of way at intersections was introduced Wednesday at the request of Gov. Edmund G Brown. The bill was drafted by the California Highway Patrol as a safety measure and was introduced by Sen. Carl L. Christensen (D-Eu- rcka). If it becomes law. drivers who want to make a left turn off a hrough street and drivers who want to enter a through street from a stop street must wait un til the way is clear. Under th" present law. cars may proceed into the intersection after waiting for immediately approaching cars. Christensen said this was "a statutory right to pull out into danger." 10 Killed As Truck Hits Girl Scouts Station Wagon XENIA, Ohio (UPD—Eight girl scouts and their two advisers were killed near here Wednesday when a freight train struck their station wagon broadside on a crossing. The girls, all 12 years old, and the advisers were on their way home from the Green County Library here when the accident occurred. They had been studying for merit badges. 'The car was split open like a tin can and people were strawn all over the field." the Rev. Alvin Klotz of the Beaver Creek Church of the Brethern said. The Rev. Klotz was believed to be the first person to the scene. He was at a service station a mile from the crossing when ii occurred. Bill Murray, engineer of the Pennsylvania Railroad f r e ight train, enroutc from Columbus to Richmond, Ind. said the station wagon "seemed to pause on the track as if going to stop, then continued across the track. The double-track crossing at the outskirts of Alpha, a small community three and a half miles west of this southwestern Ohio city, is unprotected except for a crossarm signal. The Rev. Klotz said the Girl Scouts held meetings at his church but he didn't know it was they that were in the crash. After the train struck, the minister said "there were two or three bodies close to the car but the others were scattered in the field. Frustrating Experience "Curiusiy, even though mem- bers of four families of my church were killed, it was only when I found a billfold that I recognized one of my girls. "I started to take' off my coat to cover a body but there were so many I couldn't do it. It was the most frustrating experience I have ever known as I went from person to person, knowing they probably all were dead." Six were known to have been killed instantly and three others were dead upon arrival at the Greene County Memorial Hspital here. The tenth victim. Anna Wilvcrt. lived about two hou's after an ambulance took her to the hospital. All the deaths were attributed to skull fracture. Mrs. Lucille White, 44, was apparently the driver of Uu cur. i Khrushchev* Urges German Peace Treaty Holds Unusual Press Conference To Tell Views On Berlin Crisis By HENRY SHAPIRO United Prass International MOSCOW (UPI)—Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev today accepted the West'-s invitation to a foreign ministers conference on Germany May 11. But he urged full scale talks by all World War II allies to write a final peace treaty with Germany. Khrushchev made it known at an unusual Kremlin press conference that the Soviet Union will be represented in the Big Four negotiations urged by President Eisenhower in a radio-television address Monday. The Russian leader signified acceptance even before the invitation had been received oificiaiiy. The western powers still are drafting a new round of diplomatie notes to Moscow. Press reports said May 11 was The notes were expected to the date the West had in mind, name Geneva as the site tor a foreign ministers gathering. In notes March 2 the Soviet Union agreeu in principle ;o a foreign ministers conference but it was implied that a summit meeting must follow. On Monday, Eisenhower agreed tc the idea of a summit meeting if the foreign ministers talks go well. Khru-ncnfv a.so made the following points: —Eisenhower's address Monday was an attempt to calm the American people, whom he had frightened earlier with threats of war. But now. Khrushchev said, the President's willingness to negotiate at the summit "contains sc?as of health and reason although the President has many reservations." Time For Treaty As to the question oi whether the western powers had rights and obligations in Berlin, "Yes, wa. recognize the rights and obligations arising from the German capitulation. But since 14 years have elapsed after the war it is time to conclude a peace treaty to invalidate those rights." —The May 27 date he set for ending the occupation status of West Berlin "was certainly not intended as an ultimatum but as an approximate time limit. But if we can solve the Berlin problem in seven months we will ba satisfied." —Soviet troops will remain in East Germany even if Russia signs a peac treaty with the East German regime. Their removal would depend on agreement between the North Atlantic Treaty. Organization and the Warsaw Pact Powers. A Soviet correspondent asked Khrushchev's opinion of alleged statements by Adm. Arleigh Burke and Gen. Maxwell Taylor that they called for a total war against the Soviet Unipn with nuclear weapons in case of a Berlin conflict Powers Of Destruction "I can only say if God wants to punish somebody he deprives them of reason first" Khrushchev answered. "God has acted in this way. "Burke said it wou'1 take two to four days to destro. the Soviet Union. Evidently he is a poor mathematician. "If we use the same formula, how many days are required to destroy the United States? War is two-sided. The other side evidently has no lesser possibility. If the Soviet Union can be destroyed in two or four days. Burke should think of his own country and of his allies. "How many minutes would- it take to destroy the AllirsV n'lt the generals are only trying to intimidate their own people." Khrushchev added, however, that he was "confident that the controversial problem 1 : can be solved by peaceful means and peace will prevail." The Soviet Premier put main emphasis, however, en a plea for a final peace treaty with East and West Germany and the ending of the occupation of West Berlin by British. French and U.S. Troops. We are striving toward just one thing—to see to it that the dark clouds of a new war should forever disappear from the international horizon," Khrushchev said. Appeals To All Participants We appeal to the governments of all countries which look- part in the war against Hitlerite Germany to sit down at the table of negotiations a.-.d settle problems and to conclude a -peace treaty with Germany." he said. 'We would like the Western governments, having cast aside the (Continued on Page Six) I

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