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EWSF and Weather Antics 1- L-VO The Festival and the Jet Stream EDITOR'S NOTE: Estherville people are particularly weather- conscious tills week because of the Winter Sports Festival. The Festival demands unique weather conditions to be Ideal: Plenty of snow followed by extreme cold prior to the weekend' events, then "reasonably warm" weather on the actual days of the festival. This year's weather has been erratic to say the least. But perhaps, even with a lack of desired snow depth, everything, will work out for the best. The following story might shed some light on why the weather has been like it has. WASHINGTON (AP) - Unusual antics of the jet stream, a meandering, 300-mile-an-hour river of air coursing miles above the earth, are primarily responsible for the nation's erratic weather this winter, according to government meteorologists. They say the jet stream, which hasn't behaved in its current manner for 20 years, ac counts for such unlikely winter weather as: — Frequent unseasonably warm weather in the eastern third of the nation; unusually cold weather in the western third; erratic changes in weather in the remaining third. — What might be called re-' versed vertical weather, a frequent occurrence this season. The dividing line for cold and warm weather often has run in a roughly vertical pattern, more or less along the Mississippi River. In other winters, the line usually runs horizontally, separating north and south. — Relatively rapid changes in temperature for short periods of time, mostly in the Midwestern states. Examples are a 72- degree drop in temperature to 20 below zero in the Indianapolis area during 72 hours and a 33-degree drop to 13 below zero in the Duluth, Minn., area during 18 hours. Resulting oddities during the fall and winter have ranged from circus elephants suffering frostbitten ears and feet in a major October snowstorm in Wyoming to the sudden blooming of Japanese cherry trees during the Christmas season in Washington. Scientists at the National Weather Service say the jet stream, a major factor in determining weather at earth's surface, has upset usual winter patterns because it is north of its normal position as it passes high above the eastern and southern parts of the nation. The result is unusually warm' temperatures so far in these areas. At the same time, the stream has been south of its normal course as it moves over the western United States. Another weather factor, interplaying with the off-course jet stream, has been extremely cold surface air over Canada and Alaska these past few months. The frigid air, 15 degrees colder than normal, at times has been sucked southward more quickly than usual by weather processes linked with the jet stream. This largely accounts for the rather sudden drops in temperature in some areas. Meteorologists describe the jet stream as a 100-mile mass of rapidly moving air that whirls west to east around the Northern Hemisphere at an altitude of four to seven miles. Characterized by huge dips and rises, it controls the pattern and direction of the earth's storm tracks, intermittent areas of low pressure that tend to produce rainy or snowy weather. Giving details on what's been happening since October, meteorologist James Wagner of the weather service said that in an ordinary winter the jet stream passes relatively close to the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts. The warm air it sucks northward from the Gulf travels a relatively short distance before it hits larger amounts of cold air sucked down from the north. This situation results in snowy or cold weather over the midwestern and northeastern United States. This winter, however, the jet stream has passed farther north over the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts. The warm Gulf air has been pulled much farther northward into midwestern and eastern areas before colliding with the cold air. "So," Wagner said, "this winter, storms originating along the Gulf Coast have been almost completely absent. Moreover, storms originating in or near the Rockies have been deflected farther north than usual because of the unusual configuration of the jet stream. "These latter storm tracks have tended to move more toward the northern Great Lakes as contrasted with their usual winter pattern of moving through the lower Great Lakes and out through the St. Lawrence Valley." Wagner said the last time the nation had a similarly erratic winter was in 1951-52. The winters of 1948-49 and 1949-50 also had the same odd pattern, and prior to those, the winter of 1882-83. He said this year's so-called vertical weather— warm east, cold west—was highly unusual. The tendency during the past 10 years, Wagner said, has been just the opposite— abnormally cold in the east and abnormally warm in the west. How long will the present situation last? "It's hard to say," Wagner" said. "Our records of the few winters of this exact type indicate that sometimes a change comes in February, sometimes in March, sometimes in April." Also, he said, there's no way of predicting whether things will be different next fall and winter. The Forecast Some Festival Highlights COLDER Ski Conditions: Good to Exc. 104th YEAR; NO. 83 festival Special Pages 6 & 7 AILY NEWS EtthtrvilU, Iowa, 51334/ Moid ay, Jaiiary 31, 1972 WEEK, 60c; COPY, 16c The V.F.W. Auxiliary of Estherville will sponsor the snowman building contest for the Estherville Winter Sports Festival. The contest will bo held in the courthouse square in Estherville on Saturday, Feb. 5. Snowmen may be built in the morning or early afternoon. They will then be judged at 2 p.m. Prize money will be awarded those youngsters with the three best entries and treats will be furnished for all kids entered in the contest. First place prize will be $7.50, second place will be $5 and third place will be $2.50. At 2 p.m. that day, youngsters entering, the contest are to take their position next to their entry while' judges inspect the projects and make their decisions* All youngsters in the area are invited to take part in this event. Three Dances Three dances will be featured as part of the entertainment fare for the fourth annual Estherville Winter Sports Festival. On Friday night, Feb. 4, at 8 p.m., a Sno Ball will be held at the Highlander Club atop Half Mile Hill in Estherville. A battle of country-western bands will take place at that dance event with music furnished continuously bytheKWMT Showmen and Joe Schultz and the Journeymen. Tickets are available at the Chamber of Commerce office, Clair's Variety and at the Highlander. Then on Saturday night, Feb. 5, two dances will be held. The Spectacle, a 10-piece rock group from Iowa City, will headline the youth dance at the VFW Hall from 8:30 p.m. until 12:30 a.m. That dance will be open for junior high through college age . youth. Admission wUl be $1.50, At the Highlander that night, the Estherville Bowling Association will be sponsoring an adult dance with music by the Floyd Warren Band. Singers Appear The University of Iowa Old Gold Singers will be appearing at both Swea City and Esther ville over the weekend of the fourth annual Estherville Winter Sports Festival. The Old Gold Singers will be appearing Friday afternoon, Feb. 4, at 2 p.m. at the Swea City Community high school. Following the Friday afternoon concert at Swea City, the Old Gold Singers will travel on to Estherville where they'll spend the weekend attending the festival. The Old Gold Singers will be on the Saturday evening concert entertainment fare ' at the Estherville fieldhouse, where Dave Major and the Minors will be headlined. The concert will start at 8 p.m. ;' Tickets are oif sale now with reserved seats at $4 and general adminisslon tickets at $3. They may be obtained from Stan Young, ticket chairman, or at the Estherville Chamber of Commerce office. Sally Narey of Spirit Lake and Ken Stump of Estherville are among the members of the Old Gold Singers tour group. Food Fair Would Focus World Attention on Iowa DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) — A proposed World Food Fair in Iowa has advanced from a nebulous idea to a partially developed program that is getting Iowans excited about its possibilities, Rep. William Winkelman, R-Lohrville, said Monday. Wlnkelman said the House Iowa Development Committee which he heads is hard at work on the "technical details" of how the exposition can be staged. The committee is drawing a bill to create a "World Food Exposition Authority" with broad powers to do all that is necessary to put on the fair and enlist worldwide participation in it. Winkelman said the committee is exploring the possibility of issuing bonds to finance the fair and had a meeting set Monday with the head of a Des Moines investment rl bond firm. "The more we get into this thing, the more we see the staggering potential for a major Iowa contribution to world peace and understanding," Winkelman said. "And the potential benefits to Iowa also are tremendous. "This can be the finest exposition ever held on this continent because our theme is far the best — Food, Peace and Freedom. "Food is every nation's basic concern, and even if they don't want freedom with it, there is a common grounds for understanding in an exchange of information about food and improved food production methods." The World Food Fair concept was advanced last fall by the Iowa Bicentennial Commission as a logical way to help the nation celebrate its 200th anniversary in 1976. The idea won approval of the American Bicentennial Celebration Commission and of Gov. Robert Ray, who recommended that the present legislature appropriate $250,000 to buy options on land for an exposition site. Proponents estimate the price tag for creating the fair at possibly $98.8 million, of which they say the state would have to put up possibly $6 million to $10 million. The rest of the money would come from the federal government and private industry. Rep. Charles Grassley, R- New Hartford, said the state may not have to buy land for an exposition site because "Iowa State University has 1,500 acres we may be able to use." Winkelman said the committee is looking into that possibility and if it plans out, the money recommended by Ray for the project could be channeled to the World Food Exposition Authority to get it started. "We think we can swing the $250,000 appropriation," he said. The exposition would run for several years rather than just through 1976, Winkelman said, because the initial investment would be "to much for just one big birthday party." He said he views the exposition as a "rallying point" for Iowans — "something of which all Iowans can be proud and in which they can feel a sense of participation." To this end, Winkelman said he would like to have suggestions from "everybody from children in grade school to elderly people in nursing homes" •about the exposition program. As envisioned by all who have worked on it thus far, Winkelman said, the exposition would include scientific and technical meetings, programs and demonstrations, cultural exhibits and food displays from all nations, homemaking demonstrations, youth and children's programs "and you name it." The visitor could sample foods from all over the world— perhaps eat a Japanese breakfast, a North African lunch and a French supper. Each nation would have a chance to show off its finest food products, Winkelman said, and the experts could swap information about growing meth- odis, distribution, diseases and other problems. There also could be friendly competitions to produce the best of given kind of fruit — for t instance, peaches from Iran, Spain and the Orient, say, or a strictly United States contest, from Michigan, Colorado and Georgia. Winkelman suggested these as a few of the benefits Iowa itself might gain from the exposition: — The state could divide itself into districts, each manning an information booth at the fair urging visitors, while in Iowa, to take another couple of days to visit tfirfr part of the state. It would be a "built-in tourist promotion for the whole state Winkelman said. — Elderly nursing home residents could be taken as a group to see "their" fair, into'which hopefully some of their own ideas could be incorporated — an experience for those who, too often, find time hanging heavily on their hands. — When the fair is over, the state would have a ready made center for future expositions and shows, perhaps, a new site ' for the Iowa State Fair. — A regional transit system which could be converted to general publice use, since some system of rapid transport will be needed to take fair visitors wanting to participate in scientific or technical programs to various sites in Des Moines and to the facilities of Iowa State University, where many of the programs probably would be held. Mystery to Grand Jury Irving-Hughes Plot Thickens Tension of a Tie Game Midget cheerleaders, lower left, and Estherville's Bleacher Bums, upper right, attempt to rally team in overtime stages of Cherokee game Friday. Midgets suffered 76-74 loss in double overtime to slip from contention in the Lakes race. Story on page 11. (Daily News photo by Chuck Ostheimer) North Viets Plan Offensive SAIGON (AP) - Gen. William C. Westmoreland said today that North Vietnam is preparing for a major offensive next month just below the demilitarized zone and in South Vietnam's central highlands. He said that after a week's visit to the war zone, he Is confident the South Vietnamese can handle any enemy threat. The U.S. Army chief of staff told a news conference the North Vietnamese could con ceivably "have some temporary success, but I think it would be quite temporary." "I think the (South) Vietnamese are in a posture that they can react, so that any successes would be temporary," Westmoreland continued, "My feeling is that the plans of the (South) Vietnamese and their military strength are of such magnitude that the enemy would suffer very heavy casualties." Westmoreland, commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam from 1965 through early 1968, said the senior South Vietnamese officials with whom he met "have a great deal of confidence that they can handle any forthcoming enemy initiative." He said he and the senior U.S. officers in Vietnam share this confidence. Westmoreland said it would be difficult to judge how long any offensive might last, but "my judgment would be that this offensive will consist of several phases, each phase being in duration of days, certainly no more than a week or so." He said the history of the war indicates that "the staying power of the enemy is not great," and because of logistic limitations he is forced to strike, then regroup, resupply and re-equip before striking again. NEW YORK (AP) - Author Clifford Irving was scheduled to face a Manhattan grand jury today as the mystery surrounding his alleged autobiography of Howard Hughes spawned new theories on the origin of the book and the disposal of royalty checks. The grand jury is investigating what became of the $650,000 McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. gave Irving to transmit to Hughes as payment for the book. It was reported that Irving would ask for a delay in his grand jury appearance so he could brief his new attorney on the case. The latest speculation restored some of the uncertainty dispelled when Irving, 41, admitted through his attorney last week that his wife Edith had deposited three checks totaling $650,000 in a Swiss bank account under the name "Helga R. Hughes." Irving and his lawyer, Maurice Nessen, said Mrs. Irving later withdrew the money at the request of Hughes and re- deposited the sum intact in a second Swiss bank. But CBS and Time magazine reported Sunday that Mrs. Irving deposited only $450,000 in the second bank. The network said in its "60 Minutes" program that Irving spent $50,000 of the money, while Time claimed the author was "frantically trying to raise $200,000." Time also reported that the 999-page autobiography Irving says was compiled after more than 100 meetings with the reclusive billionaire may be partially based on a computer printout. Time said it had learned of the existence of a computerized document that "contains virtually everything that has ever been published about Hughes, as well as thousands of memoranda dictated for and by Hughes— material enough for a dozen 'authentic' books." "The likeliest scenario is that Irving somehow obtained some or all of the material in the printout," Time said. "It has been rumored, for example, that an angry former employe from the Hughes operation brought the material to Irving." A man said to be Hughes has declared in affidavits and in a long distance telephone conversation with reporters that he had never met with Irving and denounced the autobiography as a hoax. Richard Hannah, a Hughes public relations man, said Sunday that biographical data on Hughes had been computerized under the direction of Frank W. "Bill" Gray and with the assistance of Dr. John Pettit, a computer expert. But Hannah insisted the "book" contained no secret or confidential memos and said there was not nearly a sufficient supply of material for all of Irving's text. Newsweek magazine reported that Robert Maheu, a former close Hughes associate who is suing Hughes interests for $50 million, and John Meier, a onetime Hughes protege, had access to the computer copy. Maheu denied he had access to the material, but added he thought a leak was possible. Meier called the Newsweek report "ridiculous," saying "I never met the man (Irving)." Federal authorities in Florida confirmed they were studying subpoenaed guest registrations of the Sonesta Beach Hotel for last Sept. 23, when Irving said he and Hughes met to record part of the autobiography. The Miami Herald reported that spokesmen for two other hotels in southern Florida showed Irving was registered at about the same time he claims to have been in the area for interviews with Hughes. Both McGraw-Hill and Life magazine, which has excerpted the book, have suspended plans for publication. Ray, Nixon Confer DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) Gov. Robert Ray will be one of several governors to meet with President Nixon and Vice President Agnew Tuesday. A spokesman for Ray said Saturday that Ray will fly to Washington Tuesday morning and will return to Iowa's capital the following morning. Seek Comments About 'Polly' A new feature, "Polly's Pointers," begins today on the Woman's World page, on a trial basis. The News would appreciate knowing if you like this new column.