Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on February 21, 1952 · Page 22
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 22

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Cumberland, Maryland
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Thursday, February 21, 1952
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Page 22
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TWENTY-TWO EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1952 Phone 4600 for a WANT AD Taker Aviation's Paradox: 2 Recall to Duty of Skilled Personnel Troubles Airlines INSIDE AN AIRLINER: The complexity of the cockpit in modern planes Is a big problem for aviation. There are some 100 instruments and dials, and the industry is working to consolidate this equipment, to simplify operation. EDITOR'S NOTE: Each succeeding air tragedy leaves aviation baffled. "It just doesn't make sense," says a veteran pilot, who knows the pains taken on the ground and aloft to make air travel as sale as possible. tiZA Staff Yfriter Wade Jones was already at work, before the latesi crash, on an exhaustive report on what the airlines and government agencies are doing to cut the toll of air disasters. Here's the second of four dispatches on aviation's paradox. By WADE JONES NBA Staff Correspondent MIAMI—At Miami's sprawling International Airport it's a rather common occurrence to see a ft>ur-engine plane suddenly lose the power from one—or even two—of its engines during a take-off. But nobody holds his breath, and no crash sirens scream. The engine "failure" isn't bad in this case. In fact, it's good. It means that some airline pilot is undergoing training or getting a periodic check-up on his proficiency and that his instructor or check pilot has deliberately cut the engines at a critical time to test the skill of the man at the controls. Needless to say, there are no passengers on board. Under Civil Air rules, every pilot must have a proficiency check in the air every six months. There are numerous other Civil Air regulations covering pilots, and nearly all airlines maintain pilot standards even higher than the minimums prescribed. All airlines maintain -training schools for co-pilots, and for pilots switching from one type plane to another. You can't help noting in the commercial airline pilot of today, the silver threads you'll find among the gold, red. black, and blond. A large number, of the pilots are in their •upper thirties, forties, even fifties. That gray hair can be taken to mean lots or experience, and for safety in the air experience is one thing you want in the man at the controls. "The younger pilot may have faster reflexes," says Ca'pt. John Gill, Eastern Airlines' chief pilot, "but the more experienced man will be more apt to arrive at the right decision first, Judgment." because o£ better Capt. D. C. Pearson, Jr., assistant chief pilot in charge of training for Pan American World Airways' Latin American division, says he Refugee Locates Family Document BAD GODESBERG, Germany— (ff*)— Theodor Liedstedt got out of a refugee camp in 1949 and rented a room of his own together with some second-hand furniture, from local welfare authorities. Included was a desk which looked like an antique. Recently he bought a second-hand book that described secret drawers master craftsmen once built in desks and cabinets. Liedstedt studied his desk and found a secret drawer that contained a document dated in 1813. It certified that a Thedor Liedstedt and his wife gave their wedding rings for their Prussian fatherland, then at war with Napoleon. The document was issued at Glogau, an East German town which Theodor Licdstedt's namesake and great-grand-nephew had. fled in 1945. has noticed recently a difficulty in obtaining sufficient numbers of qualified co-pilots. He admits he doesn't know all the answers as to why this condition exists, but believes that, like traffic controllers, considerable numbers of co-pilots are being called back into service by the military as reservists. So hard-hit are the airlines by demands of the military for personnel that, as one airline official reported, "If a certain reserve unit in California were suddenly called back to active duty, commercial airline operations would come to a virtual halt," That unit is heavily loaded with top airline pilots. One of the biggest problems facing the pilot today is the enormous number and complexity of the dials and instruments in the cockpit. As it is, some big airliner cockpits have some 100 such gadgets. "The big thing now is to consolidate some of this equipment," says Pearson. That feeling is echoed by many others in the industry. * * * Such consolidations are in the works and pilots hope to be getting the benefit of them soon. One important one would combine four present 'dials into one which would simultaneously the airplane'* ELECTRICITY The Potomac Edison Co. ON . THE HORIZON... , . . finance it with the aid of bank credit. You can include car insurance premiums in one low-cost bank auto loan with us. See us before yea take delivery. "It Poys To Do Business In Cumberland!" , FIRST NATIONAL BANK Cumberland, Maryland Mtmb.r f. D. I. C, direction as well as the degree of Its pitch and bank. mean a mechanical or structural defect^-usually in newer type planes Representing the government in whose bugs haven't been entirely our 25-year-old, last-growing a ir! e ' irninated ~ anci ir the Pattern is industry-over $1 billion in total' definite enough It can mean the operating revenues last year-are i grounding of afl planes of that type the Civil Aeronautics Board and until the difficulty is eliminated, its related, and sometimes overlap- CAB investigates all airline crash- ping sister agency, the Civil Aero-ies to try to determine their cause. no fatalities and from It and what had been learned from the first plane's 'wreckage, the cause of the fire in both cases was established and the fault corrected. Next: Reckless pilots Communist Ministry nautics Administration. jThe amount of technical skill andjcj teg Textbook Errors The two set up and enforce air i know-how that goes into such in- traffic regulations for the entire * vestigations Is tremendous, coudtry, establish rates and points to be served, prescribe safety rules, and investigate airplane crashes. CAA owns and operates all of the electronic traffic control' arid navigational aid equipment at the country's airports. But sometimes it doesn't have the money to operate all that it owns. One of CAA's important functions is to keep a daily report on every mishap of consequence to an American commercial airliner any place in the world, Karachi. from Carlsbad to What CAA .is looking for principally is any pattern of trouble in particular, types of planes from an apparently related cause. This can For instance there was the Bryce Canyon, Utah, flaming crash of a DC-6 in October, 1947, when all 46 passengers and a crew of six lost their lives. CAB officials and more than 100 volunteer specialists from airlines and related manufacturers collected literally thousands of bits of burned wreckage strewn along the 29-mile path of the plane as it disintegrated in flight. The pieces were labeled as to the map location where they were found. Then began the long job of reconstructing the plane from its fragments in a special hangar. The job was almost completed when a second DC-6 crash-landed in flames at Gallup, N. M. The second plane landed in one piece with Rumors Dying On Rumor Board WITH THE SCEOND LOGISTICAL COMMAND IN.KOREA— (Ils'S) —(Delayed)—Rumors were flying ln| a battalion ares near Pusan, but they don't fly anymore—they roost! Lt. Col. Charles V. Wilson got tired of his men spreading rumors i so he built a "rumor board" in his battalion area. All of the "mongers" were urged to write the rumors they heard and tack them up on thei board. Now each man in the battalion from "rumors are flying" to "rumors are dying." England has more than 80,000 lakes. MOSCOW—(/P)—The Ministry of reads the rumor board daily and Higher Education has been singled:sees just how silly rumors look on out for not taking effective; the board. measures to correct some "serious The battalion has changed its tune errors" in the important textbook, "History of the Soviet State Law." Calling for an improvement of] higher education in law, Izvestiaj said in a leading editorial: "Thej Ministry of Higher Education does j not delve deeply into the content! of the academic, educational audj scientific work of the higher law institutes." Izvestia warned that quite a long time has elapsed since these errors were revealed. Rhode Island originally had almost as many capitals as it had towns. VITAMINS ! ! 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