Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on February 27, 1969 · Page 10
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 10

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Redlands, California
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Thursday, February 27, 1969
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TO - Ttiuwdoy, feb. V, ^W Hedlonds Poily Poch The Great Decisions oi 1969. No. 4 provide the ke>- t> s;- JJ corruption are the t«in esp«rts is that vfaat is needed sQffidenc; in rice by 1973. scourses oT Africa. ia tbe ondcidevelDped wodd In the Philippines itself this, African natiooalisra made the today is itraiatigB. aot •flitaiy Large gap seen between development and very poor tf pnn LYNCH Ml Un tedajr if ABC the ttralMld of latf'tjtn 00 tlie BKWa bat en eulh tvcMUrdi of ttm wwid'a popuIatioB casBot be awurad ofi ettiinc a tqom nail tomorrow. While the denlepMi amid rcMte for the BOOB the tMJ InHioa poepio of the aadentevc- lopMl wxU m Africa aod Aaia seard). ao far vainly, for a way out of wwtcbodBWi aad poverty. • At the Unitad Nataono planners are dicady at aorfc layins gmind tnkf tor the sooond devdopmeot decade vt tbe ifTO's. while (be devdopmeot decade of the USD's finks iDwanis disiliusioomenL DcQHte massive assistance from the industrially advanced countries, the tmlcniei doped world still stiunies akos on otdy one-sixth of its total income, oofrthini of its food production, and one-teoth of its indostiul output At tbe same time it is faced with a massive population e^qilonoa that eats away progress before it can grow and take bold. Hie populatioii of the pov«rty- strick» two -tinrds of tbe eartti is increasing at more than double the rate of the ad\'aoced countries. In India a million people are bom every month. In the past 20 years the] United States and Britain alone have poured some S58 billion jiito Africa and Asia in aid and loans in a Wd to bridge the poverty gap. But the gap obstinately refuses to dwindle, while aid from the advanced worid steadily does. l.a&t year the U.S. Congress! voted (he lowest sum in the history of the foreign aid program, $1.75 billion. Britain, beset by massive and stubborn fiscd problems tbat have the i«st of tbe western world jittery, has been forced drastioally to trim its foreign aid pcogrim to less than .5 per cent of its public expenditure. I&ving pused (firoogb tbe first devetopimait decade without making much tangible progress, tbe laderdeveioped •amM BOW faces te secood wiOi l«8s outskie bdp tbaa tt has ever had befoi*. CoounflDting OB tb£ ooQgRS- s3Coal rianfting oi IbB foreiffi aid ptoffwn last ymt former Fresideat iiyiidoo B. Johnson said: "tt U immeiciflil to coademn maiions to wretchedness, tt is madaess to so jeopardize our own security and tbe orderly pngressiai «( our worid." Johnson's protest ~was dra- xoatic, bat it tells only half the story. Host eceaooMsts and development experts agree that free handouts tkm» are nevR' going to solve the pttMems of tbe poorer natioas. Ibe root causes of tfaeir proMems can be solved oidy by themselves. Tbe Premier of Singapore,' Lee Kuan Yew, one of the mosti realistic leaders of Hie underdeveloped world, is one -who acknowledges that the war against poverty must begin at home. "Ibe world does not owe us a Eiing," he concedes. Nor does he beJieve that Ibe worid owes the poorer nations protectioo, sometimes from tfaemsdves. Commenting on Britain's 1968 decision to witiKiraw its military presence from Bast of Suez by 1971, Lee said "so the time' .has come for us to do some of the dying." The trouble is, in the o{rinion of experts, there are not enough Lees around in the poorer two- thirds of the worid. Many of its leaders seem d^£nnined to retain traditiODal tribal structures and customs to keep tfifinartves in Ibey bav« adopted Oe old oolaaialist doctrine of Divide anA Bnte wd tent it to 'fit liw OBW cflpdiilwph of ndcpoDdcnoc But it is Has very IradiiiMH- Ijsm which, in the opinioB of moat experts, is tbe nnin stnnMing Ootk to Africa and Asia eoierging from tbe dark- nesB of Hie industrial revohition iBiD fte Utf* of the space aee. SwtBdiA fwwmift GWHr Myvdal. iB his auasve wcrk— • - is growing wider and ^ equality is inrrsssJiw" ladu bM BBissiiib of tte world's popolatioB. Tn mUUsa a( Ms S20 BiiliicB paii|4c HC nnenploj«d and tfas fifura rises slaadiiy as tbe popolatta soars at tbe rate of imm a iBOBlb. Ites of thoussods of lodiaas sleep and dfe in the straaU and pifliflw (offBT froa UHlDOtri- Sou. the first si^ years of the deveiopracnt decade saw India's per capita iaoooie rise by a pitiable S2-from $U in USD to H3 in 1968. the tradiikaal tapioea dist Dspoijr Priow Miaister Tm Abdul Rasak faditvcs if Malayaas would rtsist the lure of Kuala Lnnspur aad otter dticB sad tabs part ia tbe otncial land scbemes uasnplojrmaBt ceidd be soli and a staadsfd of thing Tfeaflaad has semctbiag of the same proUem - the capital Bangkok is wealtbgr but tbe countiyskle raigbt as weU be back in tbe 16tb ecatury for sll it gains from modem devriop- menu. But American aid and refcned to as "tbe brightest jewel in tbe Britidi crown." But OB independence in 1M7 tbe Indians retoherited (heir country from tbe British with a practically nonexistent iadns- trial base, a ereakiag, Victorian dvil admioistratian buried beneath mouataipi of paper and red tape, and a 70 per cent illiteracy rate. Administrative ineSSeiency, coriupCioD, industrial misman- rice, developed at the Interna tional Rice Researdi Institote near Manila, made tbe countiy a rice exporting aatioB for the first time in IM. Tbe petcrtjr gap is narrowing ia both Sagapore ami Makya aad bi both plaoss nature at Isastssastoittbattbepoorcao cat Oae seetiaB << stalk ih>m a tapioca plant wbsn n^santed yields aaodicr stalk. Bsaeath eicb stalk is « large edible Foat ,'deeadta jmistake of staking all its dice on one thing— tbe achievcneBt 3f independence. AlHcaa aatioB- alist leaders spent OMst eC Ibefr time telling tbair largdy OBterats tudiCBecs ttat ibei nert tltaJBiMpt ' i( (imatm) mesBt aot the begb»b«, but tlw sad a( tbe road. African the of hard rerohitisa but a gical revohitica ttiat wM break down tritoiifli, cocnipCloB traditioBtfsm. What also h needed is a curb « Oa explodlBg bhthrafea. ladte has ^taaftr beguB aj bktb coBtrol pngnn bat is tfA\ nerer,'** *^ fcr tte' prasbfcBt of tbe Bmpley^l ud <**' r*intSm of ladia. Navrii Pueblo case forces Novy fo review conduct rules (be ttadMoaal fbqd of fbe poor;,^tato.sry sodal cbangB {L^ii,SSL ."k !U.?!£j[' ntai BOtbb« else is available.,umt win have to be made if the ••^^.•"~« 'Of tbe popolalioB inercase. IT UaHed Pnaa The Puebb ease aot oaly is fsfdag tbe U.S- Naty to review its ntos of esadnet. but it also is peiBiiBg up sbsipiy tbe UmiUtions imposed by treaty OB beer aad nad» what dreuautaaeas the natiaB can levoad to acts of aggmiliin. A status of forces agreement between tbe United SUtes and Japan prevcBted Japan -based VS. wari4anes from gobg to of tbe Pueblo when it In Pakistan as to every other leootineBt is ever to caU* np „ ^ . „ ^ .k. .u nation to tbe region the birtb with the devdoped worid. TaU has saM «n *«:2f. •*L;,^ h, i.to™,Hfl«i rate is tbe most devastating' Instead they were toU fl «t fc |«t»c »«ctacal taw -.^u setirt io ialeraatioBal drawbadi to pragrcss. President!mdependence meant nfrvsna. a Wl« 'Jl .be rf no use "naless toilless worid where everyone the prejudices in our miads are' could sit under tbe shade of bis;««a <>«eatod.'- Ayub Khan said rscently tbatj unless it is drastically reduced an Pakistan has achieved and may adiieve ecoaondcally will be absorbed. It is a millstone drsgpng down countries wbicb otherwise wouU be able to offer peared ia the iatcrrcaiag yean and tbe United Stetoa is saspact aow far quite saotbw rsasw a European fear tbat te Vrited Stetos might be rdnetaat to use iU nndeer arsenal to defnsa of Europe. Hint was one resson ghraa by French President Charles de Gaulle when he pulled Us forces out of tbe American-doniastBd NATO command. SimBar fears have been expressed by Bd- gium's Paul-Henry Speak, former fccntaiy-geaeral of NATO. Spaak sakl tbe European In the ootoual era In^ajras: American ivging that tUs situation breeds coomumsm is prodndag programs designed tol improve rural life. PakistaB's gross national product jumped 6 per cent but tbe couBfry's per eepite tocome is still among tbe lowest to tbe woiM aad there are stortling contrasts between wealth and abyraul poverty with illiteracy and disease still rampant But there are some hopeful signs. Four j-ears ago in the ^ir^^^n, ^^i"' RMJit Singh was make pam of bidia 20 years |g„^g only enough wheat on later, an uMnatKmal shim. tea acre farm to earn tbe By mvesting heavily m publie I equivalent of f4M a year. Today bousing Kngapore has cut; by using high yiddiag seed, deeply into its slums. Half of fertiliwr and pestiddes, he is the 30.000 families on the relief earmng $1,733 on the single rdls 10 years ago are now crop. In Maharashtra State, not breadwinners—but vast prob- far from Bombay, fanners who lems remain. .Mala>^ claims were producing only 1,000 the second highest per capita pounds of rice per acre two income (to Japan) in Asia, $326 years ago are now harvesting a year in 1968 but it is prey to 14,000 pounds with improved fluctuations in rubber which can methods of cultivation, be disastrous. A recent drop to In Indonesia experts are 16 U.S. cents per pound for hoping that introduction of new Malaya's main product forced strains of "miracle rice" half a million small rubber,developed in the Philippines will money tree and watch the! One of these prejudices is £2Li??L«^S2rL« u. „ii weeltbgrew. '«»*««««»<vS aaa eanV"5 ^'^^„S2SJ^^ In many pUces, Africans continoe to count Ms weattb iniilt ^S^ ~, ^^!SrLZ^ today still find themsdves the mimber of duldrea be has SSSS^^L groaning mider die dead wdgbfwhfle ignoring tbe fact Out tteiSrifan 7o ,2S?Hv «. J a better life to millions of their of tribalism, corruption, super- diildr«rhe brings into S ^^ifoKSSde,^ crt««n»- slitjon, nepotism, ignorance and world probably wiU die of starve-' The ItaiitSoMMiwliat the Tbe devdopmtnt picture U no blatanUy casb-m ea then- I from Japan are doedy tied to brighter m Africa, where morepoatioos. Graft is not a crime. The underdeveloped .two-lthe wid^ad aw^ to war than 110,000,000 persons, spread it's tiie smart thing to do, and a Unrds of tbe work! which kwks over an area of tbe continent politician's influence is often,not towards a laadtog on the more than twice (be sixe of the United SUtes. gained their todependcBce from colonial rule to tbe decade between 18S7 and WW. officers There are now more than 40 countries indep measured by Uie size of bis moon but to bekig able to live automobile decently on earth, cannot do Outraged at tbe corruption ofjtWs alone, the poliUdans young army! The developed worid must! in many African continue to help, with ito know- have risen up to how and adrice, with cempas- iadependeot countries on tiMjoverthrow them in bloody sion and with money, continent, many of them trytoglmiliury coups. But they in turn i if it does not tiie misery fltat to exist OB oae<rop economies, have fallen victim to the veiy breeds hatred and vioIoKe with their tribally divided corruption they sought to stamp must one day exptode in the populations subsisting on primi-;out entire worid 's face. Uve agriculture that was old-! United Press International, One of Uie supreme Ironies of fashjoned in the steam age. correspondent John Platter, on'the situation is tbat as the For minions of these primi- s visit to the Nigerian war front industrialized natioM advaacel tive bush Africans ten years of 'ast year, watched a senior they almost automaticaUy re- independence has meant virtual-army officer nonchalantly pull a tard the advance of the ly nothing. They are stm: thick wad of banknotes from his undenievdoped nations, chained to the andent waysPodtet and tiien ask "now that judge a man's wealth by where did these come from'" nie stetus of forces agree-iallies should have assuraacss of ment provides Uiat Japan must U.S. protection "beyoad tbe prior consent to assault shadow of a doubt" before ligntog tbe U.S. and Sovirt- spooMied treaties on nonpro- liferatioB of nudear weapons. Treaties, then, place tbe United Stotes in Uie middle between two extremes of opinion—fear on the one hand tbat it wm act and fear on the other Uiat H win not Japan has prospered under tbe protection of the U.S. nudear umbrella, relieved of most of the ddense costs it in Uie only aation to suffer the borron of nudear atteck. Under other dreumstances, the problem has arisen before. One such arose in tbe early days of tiie North AUanti'c •meaty Organization. There tiie problem mvdved Uie possible use of nudear weapons. Tbe United States assured iU nervous aUies tiiat it wooM be governments and not generals who decided where and when to pun Uie nudear trigger. It also promised to consult tavdved governments before launching a nudear operation from aUied bases. But tbe Uien U.S. secretary of, state, John wouM have to have without it But Japan's no-war sentiment and particularly its aversion to nudear weapons places U.S.­ Japanese relations on delicate ground. For example, the Japanese govenunent's leftist opposition came up wiUi roars of disqiproval at a hint the government might someday be wiUing to permit nuclear-armed U.S. submarines to can at Japanese ports in an emergea- cy- - ^ ^ xu — —- Foster Dulles, More than 80 per cent of Uie|,^ed the European aUies export earnings of tiie poor|<"rhe united SUtes can't assure the number of lean and scrawny Noting Platter's incredulous nations come from raw commo-jts aUies, without reservation, cattle, and the number of stare the officer justified it this dities which the developed{that they will be consulted squally lean children, be way "The politicians had six | nations are fast replacing with before nuclear weapons are possesses. lucrative years of it. Now it's i synthetics. employed. In many cases efforts to our turn and we don't reaUy! As techndogy advances the "War," he said, "may come break down these tribal divi-mind this war going on. It's demand for these basic primary! in such a way that adequate sions have led to disaster. The good for business." Nigerian civil war has its root causes in tribalism. Tribalism! The consensus among j products declines and with it ; rises the spectre of the poverty the'gap widening even furtiier. consultation might be inadvisa' ble or impossible." Allied nervousness has disap- Niekname's Source Six of Uie original 13 states cf the Union were north and east of Pennsylvania and six were south of it. The early inhabitants proudly proclaimed that their state hdd togeUier the great arch of the United States, e.ttending from Georgia to Maine, hence the name of Keystone State for Pennsylvania. am than 2 ,0M . . iMleriewtoped «atU. " ASISBI Dmna: Aa laqirirr 1 Fomty of NatioBB. •eaNang in bis daoDDcialiBB flf political kadsnfa^ of (he lafia Is a daarie eaBBqife el m-maem wUdi United Na- tioH Seoetary GcBcral Ibaat soraberly summed up in these "We a» not _ ea want Tbe opportunity gap •SATELUTE" MATTtESS AND BOX SPtlNG SET ammm^matntt heavy My, dseoiaine priat fsbrie. In- OMM.meit».«e dudi aiS *Mr box sprint f«r added YOU UVI $11.02 nppeit NO CASH DOWN • $3 A MONTH IN REDUNDS -127 E. SM« OPIN FRIDAY NIGHTS TIL f :N M YUCATA 34lff YmilFM

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