The Journal and Tribune from Knoxville, Tennessee on December 1, 1894 · 1
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The Journal and Tribune from Knoxville, Tennessee · 1

Knoxville, Tennessee
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 1, 1894
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J k , X IT'n: 'C;t. r , y j f - N. - E 7 S . . . !l - a - ' M IIP - 7 f saa ssJsiW IS i" V - - YtTi, total Tftri t5. NOXVLlii:t TENN32SSjEB , SATUKL - IIOEKINe, 1 1894. VCXL. ST.; HO. 273. 1iV ! I V V" no SIGHS OF A B00L1 J f En's Eciiew is lot Cbuk: Fill til TIcatteg EcsS Dcss lot Effect tlca-. V.; crcl Mis" Condition. ? ' ' Fteizclin' Cilia Ttej ire toill tl - . "UwlsiLcgl&tisa. , ' AnaCeasequemtij ire XotlSfckii? Stay r Investments. IVaie 'Orders For. Spring 'Delivery Bat 'Small Buying For buned'tate Demands Failures. Tew York. Nov. SO; P- G. Dun r& ? Cos weekly review oCtra3e to-morrow wilt say : " . f , "The complete eveees g of the fv-frnment . ,- loan and ih - replenishment f the gold reserve' fcavie not perceptl-" ;My affected business, nor prevented jan advance ,of i 4toretgt ? excahnge -near rto the exporting point. ;'In January interest j are to tee; met and ; the operations f the syndicate are thought likely txe prevent :much selling of; the bonds t' foreignersome exports of. gold -axe j,bot Improbable. "The closing of th sugar ireSneries 'will dlmlnlab the I industrial -force "more than it 4a Inc reased by rttoe re-euxnption of theBetllehem teel. works --and a few other co bcerns. " The con-5 trolling fact to ihai . although i in : two "instances . wages hi tve been Increased the eamTnjB of the working force and Tits purchasing " poarer are ?notvxaT the "whole enlargiag' l at; present, acS j trices iOf " the chief tfarm prod nets Hoot ' ma-iterially Jmprove. ' " , "The ' great ' InA'ustrlesi fairly imaln-: 'tain the production previously rport--ed, but cannot bei expected. ' toMncrease " et this season. -. "A. few nore tron' works beve gone into operation and the 3emad 3s re- ported1 ";ff larger . but there is dlSstinct weakness ln prices espeelaljys,t JPitts- burg. and Seesemer ironv billet, nails und some -structural Jom:re; tuoted lower. "The nUl 'oombinatlo lias 4agred to r a reduction of li per ton for ih.i next year. "Coke contractu lave being made for the first quarter of 1895 at current rates. "The shoe inTuBtry -oantiniws to do rernarkablywell for theeeason and' the prospect for the spring -business if fairly good although! the -trouble about prices occasions some friction. In textile manufactures there -Is more strength ;in-print cloths, '9rut .rther cot tons are somewhat irrregular. and weaker and1 the woolew rmanafeicturers still receive some orders for winter . goods, but rthe demand fer .-spring- is much retarded by i naval d able delay in filling orders. "Money commands "better rates since the sale or bends, bat -there is scarcely any Improvement In "commercial or ln- d us trial demands, and r Jthe flew of currency, hlherward Is as large a"s It : has been at. any-time elnce September. ! Importers - -coake moderate demands, ,9 and the call from merchants is only ' for Immediate needs. "There is some fear of flaancial leg- islation this vwinter; an agreement to cet rid of , -duties' on refined sugar Is -reported ' and a - host: of congressmen Lare insisting upon- menetary re-eon- , atructlon of ane ; sort. :Novennfber payments throsigh clearing houses are , 3&ut S.2 per cent larger than last .year, and 23.9 per cent less than ".The liabilities In failures for the thlaf week In 2Covember were . gainst 2.2S5,fi76 for the same week last ..year. - .Tte decrease aa all in mamof actur-ing.of which liabilities were 1315,326, Against $l.SSO.027 .last year, while In rt radios concerns liabilities were Sl,-S395.640 against il.3S4.649 last year . "Fori the three weeks of 'November the diabiliUra have been SS.0SS.429. against t7,937.W last year. , -"Failures this week in the United ' States Juve been $39 against 271 last year and in Canada against 43 last Tear, . , BRADSTRETS. - New Tork. Not. SO. Brad streets tomorrow will say : There Is no general or radical Improvement ia business In the south, the southwest or the mocthwest. But in central and .western, "states, and particularly at some important cities In the old middle : and New England - states the.reveree Is true. a. material gala In demand for many reasonable Staples having shoam. itself with a cor responding Increase in volume xf goods distributed or orders for future de livery. . "This Is Independent of the stimulus to trade la certain lines due to the ap proaching holidays and in spite of the chectc: to the volume of general business within the week caused by the Thanfcjfgiving holiday.. "A , sharp revival In prices Is shown by Quotations for some grades of lura 1 ' " saAucs vr a, tukui-i ber. but more particularly for cotton, j 2Tbeat, pats .and lard. lmproriEff prices ttt Vft flrt wr nt whicK havlnr had I ay influence . for good. "New England woolen- mills are gea-rrally well 'supplied with spring or-ders.'- - At Philadelphia some worsted spinners have had to refuse orders for immediate delivery, and textile man-uf acturers .rejportf good orders for delivery after January i.- vAt the' south Augusta and Jacksonville alone announce any Improvement. Mercantile collections are generally fair . for .the t season . except In some of the toeavler cotton' growing regions, being ; specially classed as unsatisfactory at 'Savannah Birmingham and Galveston. ' "There Is a knoderate activity In groceries at Nashville. "Galveston says that trade is dull and , unsatlsfactoy;, tat Charleston; Ckttttanopga Memphis and Atlanta it Is nuieter without feature. :, "From , Cincinnati, Louisville, Detroit and Chicago moderately encouraging reports as to the volume of trade are received, ; -Similar advices., are sent out from St. Louis but there Is only a moderate business at Kansas City and Omaha, country merchants tributary to these cities manifesting a disposition to ' buy more sparingly. . . "Milwaukee Jobbers have been rather more active and early in. the week the like was true at Minneapolis, at Portland, Oregon, aaS at San Fran CISCO. ' ' UT A HORRIBLE FATE. Three Zf egroes Boned Alive In a Strong . , Goaxd Hons. Chiarlotte, N. Cv Nov 2s. Tbree ixe-gros were burned, to death In the guard house at Polkton, N. -2L, shortly after mddnighit y estenday , mornig. ; iJIenry Butler aad Oacar "Thompson stolea cow axd took it to Monroe. They -were arrested en . suspicion ' and ' brought J to Polkton -for examination. "The two were .placed in the guard bouse there to be ent to WadeBboro 'later. Another negro Harap May, eeoused of stealtBs- shoes was also In the guard house. About one tftclock many citizens were arooseS ironf their -slumbers by vhetart rending and exciting screams an!d knocklngs from -the -gTiard house. Men iheastewe3 from, the place apismoke and flames - burst from the Interior. .The S j writings and. screams . hushetdi. Nothing couM be - done hotigh raxes were used jaa 'long as the flames permitted. bofklmg ' was very strong and burnt. being :U1 of twood, wery rapfdly.-v After tke chouse1 .'burnt 'Gown :the charred. burnetii and blackenedl remains were taken from 'the embers. Evidently the aegraea trlett . to 'burn J thielr wy jout aad 'losing control of - the fire brought upon hemaefcres th'Sftr own "destruction. Nothing wwb left : but the asUy re main to tell the -story. In the early morntng the -mother of one'flff the ne-greea came to townito bring'. breakfast to her i boy. :Bhe 'baa not' heard' of his horrible fate. She-passed on down the street carrying' 'breakfast' to Ihe bones of her-son. The: Sight was Inexpressibly st3 artd many tears fell from eyes wtdch followed ! her (movemenis. 'GOOD MAIT PASSES AWAY. Death in IfashviUe Last Night of Judge John Frizzell. SpeciaM - to The Journal. Naafiville, ffenn., Nov. "34-Judge John Frizzell died; this eveniag- at the age of lxty-fivei . Judge Frizsell was the best posted man Vin the south on laws governing secret fraternities. had heW- prominent : positions ln;1he Knights of Honor, .Ancient Order of United TVorkmen, Knights of . Pythias and Free Masons. He was a thirty degree Mason, was grand! secretary jfor Tennessee for twenty-fire years. He was a ipast grand master, grand highr priest, grand commander, general high , priest of the grand chapter of the United States of order of Jiigh priesthood. FOUR HORSES Cf?E STATED. Large Bars t3nrned lVear Marjville Last Might. By Telephone to The .JsurnaL : Maryville, Tenn Nov. S0.-A large barn on the farm of Houston Warrick, (colored) one mile east of Maryville. was burned about ten o'clock to-night- Four horses were burned .to death-and a fifth vnta so badly Injured that M vWill , die. A large amount of hay and fodder was also consumed. JUoss about JI.200. The fire la easpposed to been the Wtwt Of 1lMVnHriM Tr.rrlV ta one of the best-known and .most pepu- lar citizens of Blount county and -will have . the sympathy of all in Jala loes. Big Basinesa in Poultry. . Morristown. Tenxu Nov. 30. Perhaps no town In the south does as large a poultry business as Morristown. Within the past ten days our dealers have shipped eleven car loads of turkeys, and chickens for Thanksgiving market. Hodges, two carloads; "Donaldson Bros, four car loads and Carver & Mathes. five car loads for which the farmers were paid about 210,000 In cash. This does not indnde butter and eggs. Two Mors Victims of a Wreck. Worcester, Masi, Nov. . In addition to Chas. Gauthler and Joseph Coot ' who died here yesterday. John cf -t-iAtn.. vni. jm-j . Street and Victor Nllson died late in the night as fc result of injuries re-: ceived In the srrade crosabur accident at Southbridge yesterday, when a 'v&tJ$'?2tL ffS. . . , . . - of any excuse for arbitration the com- senger train struck a wagon con tain-'mlttee n3tmfrli above met and lowered "n v m .wfcfca . - v v The other injured mea ere reported &s foisfcrtable. GOOd PRESS SERVICE m ' issued ttsEeidsrs of TMs ml Gttsr . Souttirn Papers. Sew Contract WItli the United Press Heansa Great Deal. J Hard Blow For tto Western Associated Press. Some Mallelons MisstaUments are Here Corrected. ' Full Recital of the Facts That Led th Southern Papers to Withdraw .From the Western. Atlaata, Ja., Nov. 30. The Southern Associated! Press completed Its alliance to-day,; offensive and defensive, with the United Press. It directed its execu-Uva.oojnmittee to enter Into closer relations with, clients during the next thirty days and perfected arrangements for conducting an aggressive fightf against . the Western Associated press through out the southern territory. ' ;..-" - Te assocJaitlon expects to meet the Western organization In Its territory and It has perfected fts plans accord Ingly. Mr. P. V. TJeGraw was appointed assisftant general manager with head ouartera in Washington. In the follow tasr letter the. Southern Associated' Press defines its position distinctly and tells why It severed Its relations with the Western Associated press in lan guage that Is unmistakable and must be convincing to every newspaper man who reads It: Onarles A. Dana. President of the United Press; Dear Sir We beg on behalf of the Southern Associated Press to acknowledge the receipt of your very cordial telesram, -conveying assurances ot your very nearxy aesire on the part of the United .tress to cooperate tn every possible way with our association and, to thank you for the same. We desire to express our approb ation of your sentiments and to assure you that we nave next entire connaence in our own ability to maintain tne integrity of tbe Southern Asoclated Press and to carry out the spirit and letter the contradt relations we have estab lished with your association. In approv ing the contract entered Into between our executive committee and your body on November 26tto, it seems neces sary that a statement of our reasons for taking this important step should be fully understood by your associa tion. The Associated Press of Illinois, having made certain statements about the relations between- the Associated Press and the Southern Associated' Press, are full of misrepresentations. We deem it our duty to make a pre- mentation of the facts, that the truth may be known how the relations between the two organizations were sev- erexi. The statement that there was any real airr erence between - the New Organs papers and the Southern Associated Press (which .we deny) was suffi cient to authorize the conduct, of the Associated Press of Illinois, is the merest subterfuge, and was made for the sole purpose of deceiving the public. The Associated Press of Illinois had violated Sts contracts before the arbitration occurred, arid had taken the two New Orleans papers under its wing, In plain violation Of its promises in writing and permitted these papers te follow the leaJd. by its acts to repudiate its promises to our assocSatlon. We charge that the arbitration proceedings were inspired by the Associated Press of Illinois for the purpose of nruxldying- the waters, and to create dissension. We deny that the Southern Associated Press ever agreed to the arbitration or ever consented to the decision of the arbitrators, and we chanre thait the said arbitration proceedings were ex pane, imenoed to be so for the -purpose of. giving an excuse to the Associated Press of Illinois for conduct it well knew would have to be covered by such a course of action. At a meet- I Ing oT; the Southern Associated Press In Aftlarta, November 29, 1894. a special committee was appointed - to make a statement or facts of the case for the information of the public and this committee have prepared the following declaration. On Odtober 14th, 1S92. the Southern Associated Press entered Into n agreement with the Associated Press orillll no is which was to continue until 1901, the United Press was also a party to this contract and It has never faltered I . carrying- it out in letter or spirit. On the contrary the Associated nPress of ITltnois because of Its hostility to the United Press, vio- oiated its. agreement and more uthan a year ago surrepetlttously admitted to membership two New Orleans newspapers and -then sent Its reports to Augusta where they attempted to stampede and destroy the Southern Associated Press. KTbls effort having failed other devices to disintegrate - the organlzarticn were resorted r to and nothmjr -was j left undone to sweep the Southern As- sucisiett' jrrews kbu piac? us : memoers at the mercy of the Chicago organization. ' :-- A clause from the con tract - between the Southern .Associated Press and the Associated Press of Illinois contem plated the protection of the New Or- '"Pt " ,rect .to tneir as- Victor jr. idawson. iaas. i w. KuapD and Frederic Driseoll. to arbitrate . on the matter in the event of a disagreement between the Southern Associated Press- and their New Orleans members growing out of any intended Increase i& the rates fixed for that city. .But M cbA fl the assessmt t the New Orleans papers was ever made or ordered or contemplated. Not- ctvc a fve- viiuo vuj did this for tie jarpo5e of crsatlcgr it dissenftoii. 'No one who is at all familiar with made a solemn agreement with the Southern Associated Press, an agreement carried out in good faith by the latter, the Chicago organization entered upon a deliberate and persistent course which would affront the members of the Southern Associated Press that1, they would abandon the whole arrangement. - They reasoned ? that they could then rush in and stampede and capture the entire southern territory. - '- ' The plan, had been adopted and had succeeded in other parts of the country. The Southern Associated Press, however, believing In the Integrity and the future of its organization and1 had absolutely lost all confidence in the honesty of the Associated Press of Illinois. - entered Into an alliace with the United Press with which its relations have always been of acordlal and satisfactory character. This is the whole story and other versions of the difficulty Is unfair, misleading and utterly unworthy of belief, 4 Yours very respectfully, SOUTHERN ASSOCIATED PRESS. " By Evan P. Howell, Atlanta Constitution. i X, II. Estni, Savannah Morning News. -: - - M. Glennan, Norfolk Virginian. J. C Hemphill, Charleston News and Courier. Carter Glass, Lynchburg News. : GREAT C0L0UY SCHEME. Large Number of Pennsylvanians to Locate , W in the South. Plttaburg. Pa.. Nov. SO. One of the largest colonization schemes that has bee projected In this vicinity has been organized by an Alleghaney firm, with Tomb,' Johnson & Co., In charge. With the financial backing that they have, the new colony Is expected to prove a success. In this event, within the next thirty days, more than eighty residents of this : city . and - surrounding towns will leave to take up permanent residence In NortW , Carolina. - Farming lands to the extent of 50,000 acres have been leased - and. purchased In Craven county, at the junction of the Neuse and Trent rivers. The members of the colony are farmers, gardeners and mechanics. Warrants For the Oil Kings. ; New York, t Nov. 30. The following communication was received this morn Ing : by Sheriff Sexton from Sheriff Burke of . Lennont county, Texas i ' - ' .. Waco, Nov. 25. 1894. To the Sheriff of the City and County of New York : Dear Sir: I have this day mailed to your governor, R. P. Flower, requisi tion papers for John D. xtockfeller, Wm. Rockfeller, Henry M. Flagler, Jno. D. Archibald.. Ben j. Brewester. Henry H. Rogers and Wesley H., Tilford, of our city.- . when you rreceive the governor's . warrants please execute at once and wire- me and ; will come at once. Tours to command. : - - I W. BURKE.'. Sheriff. The Standard oil officials were indicted In Texas several weeks ago' for a violation of the anti-trust laws of that state. They claim that there Is noth ing in the matter. ' ' Frightful Doings at Port Arthur. Cheefoo, Nov. 30. Cklnese fugitives who have arrived here state that the Japanese, sacked Port Arthur, shoot ing every one, old and young, and that pillage and murder were supreme for three days . They add that- the dead were barbarously mutlllated, their hands,' noses and ears being chopped off, and say that other nameless atro cities were 'committed. No resistance was offered by the people : but the Japanese soldiers scoured the country for days and killed all the Chinese they could find. The fugitives also say that all the streets of Port Arthur as well as the harbor were filled with dead bodies. - Sensible Views of a Judge. Atlanta, Ga.. Nov. 30. Adolplrus Duncan, colored, was sentenced to-day to hang on January 11. His offense was criminal : assault on a white wo-amn. There Is no doubt as to !b!s guQt. having been shot In his attempt to escape. In passing' the sentence of death. Judge Richard Clark said that if the judges of the superior courts would call special sessions and give speedy trials to persons - accused of rape, there would be 'fewer lynchlngs. The slowness o fthe courts ' In admin istering justice, he added. Is largely responsible for the people taking the jaw in uveir own hands. - Conductor and Flagman Killed. ' ; Montgomery, Ala. Nov. SO. A special to the Advertiser reports a fatal accident at the Louisville & Nashville bridge across the Cahaba- river, sixteen miles south of Birmingham. A freight -train broke In two sections on the bridge. The bridge, six cars and caboose went down In to the river. Conductor W. D. Adams and Flagman Arnold went down In the wreck .and both were fatally Injured. The bridge was a substantial iron one, but the collision was too much for it to bear. Equal ScflragisU to Meet ia Atlanta. Atlanta. Ca.. Nov. Srt The Atlanta Equal Suffrage association held a 1 . . . ' nieeuxiB xiere ro-aay ior tne purpose ox. errangtns for the reception of the National Woman's S off rage - association which will convene here on January 21.. headquarters of the National as- fcund tne meeUngs wiu be held In De-' Gives opera house. Another Football Victim. St Tvni 'nv 2rtA rtf TiaTl' t-amo ! . suited in the serious and nosIh1v f a- tal injury of FhIII:i Gauss, ouarter! bac of the coUesre bors team. lie was the under man In a scrimmage i and hl3 rbyfilciari3 report him badly' -J J . FULLER PARTICULARS Of tfea Sersitiosal Domestic Tragedy at Serieniile. W. H. Gass Arrested fortes Murder of Dr. Eeaderscn. ; Treats of LyncliiSo Indulged in fcy a Few People; Bat the Law Will be Allowed to Take , . Its Course. Different Stories About the Arrest oi Gats, and Fuller Details of the Awful Occurrence. ' The principal toplo of conversation in Knoxville yesterday was the terrible tragedy enacted at Seviervllle Thursday evening a full report of which, appeared In the Journal. An occasional correspondent of the Journal last night sent the following account of the tragedy; and of yesterday's develpoments. Seviervllle, Tenn., Nov. 80. About 7 o'clock last night while Dr. J. A. Henderson, his wife, little son and a neighbor neighbor W. A. Green, were sitting quietly at the fireside of Dr. Henderson's house, some ' one quietly slipped up to a window, the blinds of . which were open, placed at shot gun near the window and discharged a load of buckshot. Six of the shot entered-the face and ' head of Dr. Henderson, terribly mutilating the flesh and causing almost instant death. , " Coroner "A. T. Atchley summoned, a jury of Inquest and entered Into a thorough examination of whole transaction. The jury ref jmed A "verdict to the effect that Dr. Henderson came to Ms death by a gin shot, fired - by the hands of W. H. Gass. Thereupon a warrant was at once sworn out by the coroner charging Gass with murder in the first degree in accordance with the finding of the Jury. The warrant was placed In jthe hands of a constable who arrested Gass : and now has him In custody under heavy guard. . . There- has been a great deal of excitement In Seviervllle over the tragedy and a strong sentiment Is expressed agiainst the man who went in the dark to hla neighbor's house and In the pres. ence ef his family and without warning shot "him down. There has been s&xaa talk of lynching Gass and he Is in the custody of a" strong- guard.The counsel of the best men In town Is that the law should take its course and there is not the 'least bit of danger of an attempt at lynching. ' Mr. Gasa will have a preliminary bearing before 'Squire Mulfendore at 2, p. m.. to-morrow. Thie remains of Dr. Henderson will be Interred at Shlloh church to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. The funeral wllr be in charge of the "Masons and Odd Fellows. - ANOTHER REPORT. . i Anoxner somjee of information, a gentleman of good standing had the following te say about the tragedy: Mr. Gass, the man accused of klUlng Dr. . Henderson, went to Constable Mack S. Rawlina yesterday after din ner and said he understood that the public had become I generally - of the opinion thait he had killed Dr. Henderson and that he wished to deliver himself up.. The officer accordingly placed Jtrim tinder arrest and the prisoner at that time was under guard but not In jalL He further stated that a jury of In quest .had been hield and that the verdict was that the deeds was presumably committed by W. IX Gass and ordered that he" be held under that charge. He added that the verdict was based on a mere supposition. . Gass upp to that hour had made no confession and had said nothing more than is already stated. The funeral will be held at 10 p. m. to-day. , - TALK IN TOWN. This affair was talked over In every KnoxriUe business houses yesterday. more or less. One gentleman who Is fa miliar with the principals of the tragedy, said that Mrs. Henderson was a daughter of W. CL, or Cam, Murphy, by his first wife, who was a daughter I of Alex McBath. one of the heaviest land owners in Blount and - Sevier ? counties; that Dr. Henderson" Is a ' brother of G. Mc. Henderson of Rut - . j ' : ' . . - & man ui superior quai- i Ities but-witht a reputation for preying ana tna. Haddock, a .Aemo-. upon women, as was set forth in thecrat' was killed. Bryant was a citizen papers some time since. " f Clay county anti bad gone over to Several hard stories were related of ' Damascus to work at the polls .for escapades among j women and he was eaid to have the peopie ox eviervuie "atooa otr or 1 .. m. ... . ... - ... . , a- I"" peaa. . . : " w as i r.'""?". ass. ae 3 De!r: Tears oil Dut , they ran cf? to Hr ar; 3 were' - ist'-us b '. "r -?r -.r. E23ini - i3 2 Irs. C::- I e'er of intelligence than belongs tw Gass, is In every way superior to the man who won her girlish fancy and the difference between the two became more marked year by year. t Several persons In t!he" city know Gass very well and the doctor Is al known here. One gentleman stated , that It wad known that in a recent fight between the white caps and their enemy, one of the latter waa found to have a gun In bis possession which belonged to Dr. Henderson. The white caps finding this out had the doctor marked as one of their victims and knowing that Gass had grounds for putting the doc tor out :of the way, took advantage of the circumstance and let the whole situation be charged up to Gasa This story seems to be believed by quite a number, G. Mc Henderson arrived In the city yesterday, purchased a casket-and toot the same with him to Seviervllle. He Is reported as saying that he did not be neve that Gass was the man who committed the murder. He intimated so it is stated, that he knew others-had a reason for taking the life of his brother. : T- hese and other reports were rife on the streets yesterday and tend to throw a cloud of mystery about the tragedy, but the whole truth will probably be developed In a short time. OVER THE DIVIDE Death of Ex-Senator Josf ph E. Brown . . of Georgia. A ZXan Who Rose From the Ranks of the Common People to Honors Which Few Ken Eave ever Attained. Atlanta, Ga.,- Nov. SO. Ex-Senator Joseph E. Brown died at 2 :30 o'clock this afternoon, aged 73. He waa Georgia's war governor, was chief justice of the supreme court and was since the war United States senator. He wa been in feeble health for some time. -Joseph Emerson Brown was in many respects a remarkable man, one of the best latter day examples of the self-made American. He was born of poor parents in Pickens- county, South Carolina, April 15, 182L At the age of fifteen he removed with his parents to Georgia, He received a limited education at Calhoun academy In South Carolina and; taught school at Canton. Ga. At the same time he read law and was admitted; to the; bar in August 1845. He graduated at Yale law school la 1846 anvl settled down to the practice of his profession at Canton, Ga., He was presidential elector on the Pierce ticket in 1S52 and in 1855 was elected' Judge of wha .was known as the Blue Ridge circuit. As a democrat he was elected governor of Georgia In 1S57 and again In 1S59 and 1861 and 1863. He was an ardent . secessionist, seizing: Forts Pulaski and Jackson near Savannah. Jan. 3, 1861, sixteen days before his state seceeded. He was a vigorous suporter of the confederate government but he disagreed with President Davis as to the constitutionality of the conscription acts. . . About the time of Sherman's Invasion of Georgia, he raised an army of 10,000 men which became famous as Joe Brown's "pikers" as many of them were armed With spears or pikes. The army . was composed of state officials, old men, boys and others who were really exempted from military duty. They did effective work at home but when the confederate . government made a requisition for their services outside of the state, General Brown-promptly refused to allow them to go. In October, 1864, Gen. Sherman made a request for a conference. He refused claiming that he had no right to act without permission from the legislature. After his release from prison In 1866 having been Imprisoned by the federal authorities he urged his state to accept the terms of the reconstruction. This made him veryS unpopular with the partlzan democracy of his state, and for a time he acted with the republicans voting for General Grant for president in 186S. He was republican: candidate for United States senator la that year and was defeated. He was made supreme judge of Georgia, and resigned in 1870, retiring for a time from- publio life. After that he was for many years president of the Western and Atlantic railroad and waa elected to the United States senate In 1880. From that time until March iS'ji. he was in the senate. Since then ha (has led a quiet life being engaged iu business pursuits. lie was one of the few mJinonalrs In the south. Populist and Democrat Killd. Savannah, Ga., Nov. 30. A '-Mornlnsr IteW3 neciaI-,from'Blakely. Ga., says: Jfews hAts De received here that i;t lDe nrratlc primary election h. ,M j1161 to,day nd at Damascus preclr.ct sin n. chnnflnv . . . . a.,. iwu xr-wm, a strng, one of the candidates for the nomination of sheriff. :. The v origin -k;T uitU44y eupposea to -.nave b en lfnH1Jk' t . - 0 u..rEdra w una. as lis 1- - a warrj ew iorK. ,-r. CX-At the i:r"i board crr,nit;.rn. deellr-M v. , . 1 prs! - 2srit - VTT' -it-' 1

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