WAILYPHABOS WEDNESDAY, JAN. 12. 1888.^ . ». LOUTHAIS . JOHN W. BAKSES. L,ontti»Ln A Barnes. •Drrosii ASD PBOFRIZTOHS. PMR OF SUBSCttfpTION — Dally per i ?,0ce n £rp«r month 40 cent*: per year itrictly In advance. Entered at the Logaufport, ™ ieoona class mall matter, as provided by la SPEAKER REED got tired of civil service debate yesterday and brought It to a close with a round turn. ^ ____._MAJOR ""STEELE" wants the civil •ervlce law repealed. When the time comes tor making a strike the civil icrvlce reformers will peel Steele. NATURAL conditions have never teen more conducive to prosperity In this country than now, and yet In the New England states alone wage reductions, effecting directly and indirectly a half million people, have lust been ordered by the protected manufacturers of New England. Senator Ohtiudler, who hails from New England, declares that the effort to bind this country to the single gold standard is responsible Tor the cut in the wages of his people, and that if the gold conspiracy succeeds, wage reductions ma? be expected in all lines or Industry, and not only in America, but throughout^the world. A DISTINGUISHED American said not long since that "we have had thirty years of colorless politics, in which both ot the political parties were simply conveniences lor organized greed. There was nothing to arouse the deep, si umbering, patriotism of the masses, and a race of politicians came to tho trout, many of whom had no convlcMons, but straddled every proposition and then waited to be seduced."' It may be noted that McKlnley has been in politics for about thirty jeart and that he is now straddling on the money question. ID those thirty years the gold conspirators accomplished by stealth what they dared not champion in the open. The slumbering patriotism has been aroused and from henceforth the forces of organized! greed will be de- fled. MARK HANNA will perhaps be elected senator from Ohio tcday. He ' IB not the choice of n majority of the people of Ohio. There are thousands ol honest Eepublicans all over the -country who will regret that he is to remain a dominating force In American politics. He Is about the worst specimen of vulgar wealth that has ever occupied a seat in what should be the most distinguished legislative body on earth. But he is a lit representative ot corporate insolence—of that tyrannical Influence which sought to deprive freemen of their political rights in the campaign of 1896. The opposition to him in his own party is a manifestation oil a desire to uver- throw the dictator in politics. It required courage tint! self-sacrifice on the part ot those Eepublicans who repudiated him to withstand the influences that were called Into play to drive them into subjection. The fight Is not ended. It will go on until such corporation Instruments as Hark Hanna are driven out of legislative positions. The District OBYention. The Democratic district convention held at Peru yosterday to choose a member of the Democratic State Central committee was composed of 116 delegates representing the Eleventh congressional district. Every county was tally represented. The proceedings were harmonious. The resolutions submitted express the sentiments of the Democrats of the district and were adopted without a dissenting vote. Dr. M. T. Shively, of Marion, was chosen to succeed S. E. Cook, of Huntlngton, as a member olthestate committee. The new member of the committee is a native of Grant county, Is fifty years old and is an experienced political organizer. Will Gage Besign? President MeKmley has reached the "forks ot the road." He must either follow tbe lead of his secretary of the treasury and go with the gold monometallism or stand with Senator Chandler and other Republican leaders in favor ol bimetallism. Dispatches from Washington say: "As the result of 8>n important conference held at the white house, President McKlnley has authorized a statement of his opinions and intentions which will, apparently prove an effectual bar to any important financial legislation at this session of congress- The president htis reiterated his belief in the practicability of international bimetallism and has announced: hla intention of •ending abroad once more the commission headed by Senator Woloott. In explaininjc the president's position Senator Chandler wrote ont the following' statement: •"The preildent stands firmly in favor or international bimetallism as promised Dy tbe St. Louis platform. He considers toe negotiations wlott the European powers only temporarily suspended on accouiat of the peculiar condition of affairs in India, and it is the president's intention to again send his envoys to Europe as soon as thb conditions are favorable lor continuing negotiations.' "This declaration has created a sensation in congress, and the Republican leaders say so long as the president continues; to hold this position it will be manifestly impossible for congress to give serious consideration to" either the Gage or the monetary commission plan, as to do so would be to hamper the president In hi9 negotiations. They even go so far as to say that this decleratlon is in effect an announcement that in the improbable event ol any bill being passed retiring the greenbacks or authorizing the issue of a gold bonds it would be met by a presidential veto." Now what will the gold conspirators do? Will Secretary &age resign? Cotton Goods North and South. The dullness in the New England cotton goods mills is marked at this time when so many other manufacturing industries are livelier than in half a dozen years. The reason is attributed largely to competition from the cotton mills of tbe south, which are increasing immensely year by year in number and in quantity of output. Some of them are also beginning to make a finer grade ol cotton cloths than has hitherto been attempted. Living is far cheaper for the factory operative in the south than in the north. The climate is mild, every man can have a house and garden to himself, and the price paid for food is in the main considerably less than in the New England cities. Another point, too, is that in the south the cotton is manufactured where it grows. In New England not only the raw material but the fuel that makes steam to ran the cotton mills must be shipped a long distance, involving expensive freights. The situation becomes graver for New England each year. Some of the cotton mills there are already preparing to meet it by going into the manufacture of linen goods, abandoning cotton. Others are removing bodily to the south. Indications certainly are that the south will in a few years monopolize the manufacture of common cotton cloths. The New England mills can, however, as certainly work into the manufacture of those finer grades of goods which now are imported under heavy duty from Switzerland, France and England. These goods are as beautiful in texture as silk and nearly as high in. price. American ingenuity is surely equal to the making of them, especially in New England. White House Receptions. The superintendent of government buildings and grounds at Washington, Mr. Bingham, has made an examination of the floors and walls of • the fine old White House and reports that it is no longer safe for the crowds that throng there to attend the presidential receptions each winter. It would be certainly unsafe, he declares, for 4,000 persons to attempt to, enter it at one time. Fully that number sometimes throng the mansion at the evening receptions, and it is at considerable bodily risk that one would try to pass through this surging, crushing mass. The floor of the grand east room is already propped np. The truth is the executive mansion, quite large enough and strong enough to accommodate the guests of the nation's president half a century ago, has been outgrown. Even since I860 our population has been nearly doubled. At the time the presidential receptions were instituted it was thought, properly enough, that any decently dressed and behaved citizen had the right to call on his president, but the citizens are now so many that the custom will have to be done away or a new and vast presidential home built. This winter President McKinley will try to prevent some: of the crushing by giving five public evening receptions instead of four, that; his callers mav be distributed as to time. The province of Manzanillo has been pacified, £is was reported long since by Weyler to the Spanish government. It has been indeed, according to the word of a man who has been there, but not pacified in the way Weyler wished it to be understood. The pacification consists in the complete abandonment of the province to the insurgents, who inhabit it peacefully and raise flocks and herds and till the soil and even make gunpowder, arms, shoes and other supplies for the forces of tho Cuban republic in the field. This is the sort of peace which will ultimately extend throughout tho whole island. The career of Dr. Thomas W. Evans, the dentist, in Europe shows how genius always makes itself manifest. Here •was a miin who made his living at a mechanical occupation and gloried in his work, yet fasMonable and scientific circles throughout Europe were alike glad to welcome him. It vronld hare been the same if instead, of being a popular dentist among the rulers of Europe he had wrought at any other occupation, even the humblest. The work<* honors the work. THEFLIGHTPROBLEM EMINENT SCIENTISTS ENGAGED IN ITS SOLUTION. Progress Made by Octave Channte of CUi- cigo — Trying to Copy the Birds— Diffi- cultioa of Air Conditions — Mr. Cluuinte'lt Work. [Special Correspondence.] CHICAGO, Jan. 11. — When I wsis in Boston last fall, the secretary of thu Aeronautical society.., told, .me that ho thought the problem . of man Uigbl; would be solved within a year by Octave Chanute of Chicago, the well! known engineer. I called on Mr. Chanute today to ask if this prediction wan likely to be verified. • Mr.. Chanute distinctly denies any such expectation on bis part. I found him at his home on Huron street;, no* POISED FOE FLIGHT. far from the lake shore. There was not a sign of Mr. Chanute's hobby about. In fact, he does not ride it in winter, and he does not care to exploit it at any time, as I found, for fear that he will be classed by the newspaper reading public as a "crank." Even tbe assurance that the number of eminent scientists engaged in the solution of the problem as well as his own reputation in the scientific world was a guaranteo of the seriousness of the pursuit does not serve to convince Mr. Chanute tha.t the public will look with an understanding eye on his work. Mr. Chanute says that he took up the study of man flight as he approached the end of his professional career. He did not expect to have time to solve more than one of its many difficulties, that of providing for equilibrium and consequent safety, but if he succeeded in that undertaking he would be satisfied. "The end is not going to be reached by one man or by two men," he said. "One man is going to follow the thread a little way into the maze. Then another is going to take it up where ha has dropped it. After four or five men have followed it some one is going to reach the heart of the maze and be heralded asi the discoverer. That may not be for several years. What I think will be a-s- complished within a year is a flight by some experimenter for the distance of a mile. I have little doubt that -will be done, but I question whether it can be repeated indefinitely." Mr. Chanute's investigations ^have been confined to the maintenance ibf man : s equilibrium in the air. In-his study of this problem he has made a great many experiments along the line laid down by Lilienthal, reversing, however, the principle of the apparatus. la fact, his first experiments were made with a Lilienthal machine. He told j ioe that at the time Lilienthal was killed making a flight with one of his ma chines he himself was demonstrating 1 a way in which the Lilienthal method could be made safe by a change in the machine. "Every bird," said Mr. Channte, " : is an acrobat. You have seen them, if you have ever observed bird flight, rnovhig their wiugs, their necks or their feet to maintain their equilibrium in the air. Lilienthal endeavored to maintain his equilibrium in tbe same,way—that is, by balancing, to keep the center of gravity iu a direct vertical line with the center of pressure. I conceived the idea of so constructing the'aeroplaries as to make the center of pressure return to a point in-line with the center of gravity, so that the man would not have to move himself. LilieuthaTs experience therefore need not discourage any one in experimenting with concave surfaces superimposed on one another. I am afraid, however, that bis 'death has retarded the investis.i;:!.!D of ibo question somewhat. I am afraid, too, that some of our friends are proposing to go ahead too rapidly this year, and thai we are going to have some legs broken if nothing worse. The Future Motor. "Experiments in still air along tbe line I have been following are of little comparative value. The air is not the calm, steady stream that it seems to us. It is full of eddies and cross currents. The machine which is going to support man in safety on this thin, unsteady medium must be prepared to meet all these conditions. When such a machine has been evolved, the motor -which will carry it through the air is still to be perfected. I believe, however, that the machine which will maintain man's equilibrium is to be made in the near future. The motor question will be the most serious after that. Already a number of very able men have attacked it. They have produced surprising results. Hargrave has made a steam motor which weighs only ten pounds to the horsepower. Maxim's steam motor weighs only eight pounds to the horsepower and Langley's only seven. But these motors approach the limit of enduranca This does not count-the 26 pounds of water to be vaporized every hour. But it is remarkable in view of the fact that when the experiments of these gentlemen began the lightest steam engine weighed 60 pounds to the horsepower. I believe the motor of the future for nse in the propulsion of flying mschinsfc is to be one operated by gasoline or petroleum." In answer .to a question about compressed ftir Mr. Obonate said tbji^-it could be nse to advantage perhaps in preliminary experiments and thafpoa- libly it could be made* to operate a machine for a few minutes, but at -best it was only a stored up force or a spring. So was liquid air. What was needed was a motor which would carry a man on a journey. When I asked Mr. Chanute what the utilities of tbe flying machine were, he answered that they were rather few, but he dW not accepiiiny comparison of the search for it with the hunt for the north pole. "It will be used for exploration," he said. " Stanley could have crossed Africa with a flying machine in a week. It will be used for war purposes, and I believe it will make nations less willing to enter on warfare with one another. It is essential to the conduct of a battle that the commander should be .well -protected—that be should occupy e, sheltered position at one side, where he can direct operations without danger to himself aafl send his soldiers to carry out his plans. His position will not he so desirable when i't is possible for the enemy to send a flying machine to drop a bit of dynamite on him, and rulers will not be so anxious to go into war. The Speed JElenxent. "Of course it is not possible for the flying machine, operated on so thin a supporting medium as the air, to compete commercially with other carriers. The load it can bear will be at best light, and the expense of carrying this load will be heavy. But tho flying machine will be capable of attaining a iipeed possible to no other carrier. Speed is an essential i=lemnnt of flying.' The faster the machine goes the Jess, within certain limits, is the expenditure of power. Man will undoubtedly reach eventually a speed of 100 miles an hour or more in the air. The swallow, you know, flies at the rate of 150 miles an hour, the swift at 200. We have never been able accurately to measure the weight of the motor—that is, the mus- c les—of "birds to the horsepower developed, bur, it is something between 6 imd 20 pounds." Mr. Chanute said, in answer to a question, that he had spent about $10,000 in his experiments—§5,000 on preliminary work aad 85,000 on apparatus. All of this has come ont of his own pocket. He doe:s not expect to get any return for it unless some credit may attach hereafter to what he has done for the science of aeronautics. He says the only persons who will make any money out cf flying machines will be the men •who make "sporting machines," for he thinks the most common use of the flying machine will be in trials of skill and speed. The act of flying through the air is very exhilarating, and fee believes the sport will be popular when it has been made reasonably safe. Mr. Channte's chief experiments have been conducted on the lake shore about 30 miles from Chicago. His chief assistant for a long time \vas a Mr. Herring. Mr. Herring has now gone off by himself, and recently he accomplished the longest flight that has ever been made in America, using a machine of the type with which Mr. Chanute has been experimenting. His record—927 feet— does not equal that of Lilienthal, however. Lilienthal made one or more flights of 1,000 feet. Not FlylnB> bnt Gliding. Mr. Chanute does not call it flying. He says that his experiments are "gliding" experiments. The motor he uses is. tbe constant force of gravity, and bis machines have been tried always on the side of a hill. The hill was 94 feet high, but the highest point to. which Mr. Channte has gone is 61 feet'. From that point a glide was made of 360 feet. The machine has traveled at the rate of 52 miles an hour through the air. One of the problems which seemed most formidable when Mr. Chanute began his experiments was the problem of stopping., at. will. It might be easy enough to launch yourself on an aero- plane from the side of a hill. But bow about the stopping at the bottom? That question was answered by watching the STRUCK BY A SIDE GUST. sparrow. Look at one some day when he is flying down to the street. See him tilt himself backward and drop to the ground. One of his feathers could not alight more softly or easily. That is the way the man with the gliding machine comes down. He throws himself back a little, raising the front of the machine, increasing the angle of incidence and consequently the air pressure. The cushion of air in front of him stops the flight of tbe machine, and in all the experiments which have been made with the Chanute apparatus there has not resulted even a sprained ankle. This problem has not been solved yet for the dynamic machine of the future, but it is settled for the gliding machine. Starting up under all conditions is another problem and one which has not yet been solved. Mr. Ghanute says that Lilientbal was the first to point out a method through which, he believes, final success will be won. He accomplished more toward a practical solution of the problem than any previous experimenter. Mr. Chanute took up the work where Lilienthal left it and Las carried it at least one step forward. If his experiments shall result within a year or so in a flight or glide of a mile on a machine of the type with which he has been experimenting, he will feel that his work has not been in vain and that possibly science has gone 'a Long way toward the final solution of that interesting question— man flight. _ GBOKOB GEiSTHAM BAE». Wells Snoecwfnl. Artesian wells' l&ve proved successful IB New South. Wales, the area within wfcieh underground water is found extending over 6a>000 sqoan mile*. ' JSOME D.RESSMAKING. How the Whole Family Can Dress Well at Small Cost No Seed of Looking ShabbT Efen Thongh Times are Hard—Easy to Make Old Gowns and Suits Look Like Hew When One Knows How. It is astonishing bow much can be made from seemingly useless (jar- ments by the woman who knows how. The old faded gown that is out of style can be readily dyed with Diamond Dyes to a fashionable color and then made over so that it will look almost like new. Suits for the boys can be made from old ones discarded by the father, and a bath in Diamond" Dyes will make them look like new. Dresses and cloaks for the little girls can be made with but little trouble aad scarcely any expense, from cast off garments of the older folks, and whan the color Is changed with Diamond Dyes, the made-over will look as though they were fresh from the dressmaker. Diamond Dyes are made especially for home use, and the plain directions on each package make it impossible 'or even tbe most inexperienced to have poor luck with these dyea They color anything, from ribbons, feathers and scarfs to heavy coats and gowns, and make perfectly non-fading colors, even handsoaer than those made by the professional dyer. Concluded from 1st Pane to believe in tne sincerity or "the side •when in one breath the Republicans avowed their adherence to the law and in the next demanded its practical destruction. If the law \vas good, he said, It ought to be extended; if not it should be repealed. The Democrats, he said, •were ready to wipe it off the statute books. They did not believe in life tenure, and while the repeal of the law might turn some of their friends out of office they stood by their party platform. With the conclusion of Bailey's remarks the time expired and the bill was reported to the house. It was then discovered that those who desired to vote to strike out the appropriation for the civil service commission had neglected to make the motion in committee of the whole. No vote, therefore, could be taken and the bill was passed without division. The senate briefly discussed an adverse report by the pensions committee on a bill to .pension General Meade's two daughters at $100 a 'month each, Chairman Gallinger saying the committee did not wish to enter on the pensioning of daughters of veterans. Allen of Nebraska thought General Meade's great, services justified such liberality. No action was taken and Fairbanks addressed the senate on immigration, in favor of its restriction. After this speech the Hawaiian treaty was taken up in executive session, and Davis stated the case of the annexationiste. Would L^ai-ri About Venezuela, Washington, Jan. 12.—Allen introduced and secured the adoption in the senate of a, resolution calling upon the pregidtet for information in his possession relative to the boundary line between Venezuela and British Guiana, and to inform the senate whether the United States now has any clerks or other employes at work upon the Venezuelan boundary question, and also what part of the- $100,000 appropriated for the Venezuelan commission has been expended. To Meet Canadian Pacific Kates. Washington, Jan. 12.—The interstate commerce commission has issued an order dated Jan. 1, 1S9S, continuing in force until Dec. 21, 1898, the order of March 25, 1S97, authorizing- certain named railroad companies to charge less for the transportation of passengers both east-bound and west-bound for the longer distance by their several connecting lines than for shorter distance in certain sections where these lines come into competition with the Canadian Pacific. Illinois Democrats at TTashington. Washington, Jan. 12.—The meeting of the Illinois Democratic delegation in the house of representatives to select a member of the Democratic congressional committee, which was to have been held yesterday, went over until noon today. He Succeeds C<iL Morrison. Washington, Jan. 12.—Commissioner Martin A. Knapp was yesterday elected chairman of the' interstate commerce commission to succeed Colonel W. R. Morrison, whose term of office expired on the 31st of December, last. Urgent Deficiency Bill. Washington, Jan. 12.—The urgent deficiency bill as reported to the house from the committee on appropriations yesterday carries a total of $1,738.843. LEXOW BUSINESS IS PRETTY WARM. Ix>oks I,ihe the Chicago Civ!! Service Coro- mission Will Defy the Solon*. Chicago, Jan. 12.—The investigation of the state'senate committee into Chicago's police government has ended so far as the presence of the civil servicfc commission or its record is concerned. In the developments .of yesterday twenty men were found who bad been discharged half a dozen times for various violations of the police regulation!;, and disclosures were made -wWch surprisec the commissioners. Th^y acted upcn this at once, and acted npon treatment tHey had received from the committee by declaring that io their belief it was illegal, unfair and useless. They \i-ji • accordingly refuse to take any further notice of it - The 'attorneys — President Ktaus for the civil service commission, and E. R. Bliss for the ex-policemen and. 'committee— were at swords' points throughout the session, and on one occasion Attorney Bliss invited Kraus to "step outside and settle it, and I'll show you." President Kraus declared that Bliss was "a villain." and refused to permit him to handle any documents belonging to the commission for the reason that "we cannot trust him with anything." It depends on the le.srality of the legislative committee whether the commission will "igr.ore" it. and that point is the one upon which the commission bases-Its refusal to appear any further. New LJue tor an Insurance Company. Dubuque. la., Jan. 12. — Frank Arnold. charged with murdering Henry Duffy, a merchant of Waukon, will be put on trial there next Monday. He will be defended by an accident insurance oompany. which is Interested in proving that Duffy committed suicide, OoBlFELLOWS. Aro Hustler* For the Frktmv nity— Friendly Grips. The Kebckah lodges evince a greater sign of prosperity than elsewhere in the- order. They have made larger gains — and by this wo mean larger, not proportionate — than any other branch, and a gain denotes the blessedness of woman in fraternal societies. Her heart is in the work and where genuine interest abides good- works surely follow.— Iowa Odd Fellow. Among his brethren the conceited member is humbled, but with tho Retmkah «he vaunteth himself with impunity. The sovereign grand lodge has expressly declared that when there is an apparent quorum present, but so many are disqualified from voting that there is not a quorum of voting members present, all- business of every kind and character transited at such a meeting is absolutely void. The Odd Fellows of the German empire have founded a home for aged members and their wives at Grantz, supported by donations. A lodge has no right to conduct any lottery scheme for any purpose whatever. Fault finding in the lodge is too often done by those who have done tha least to sustain and build up the lodge. The financial secretary should, charge np a quarter's dues to a member's account at the end of the quarter, as due* are no* paid in advance. The committee appointed by the sovereign grand lodge to repair tho Wildey and Ridgely monuments in Baltimore has decided to allow the matter to rest until next spring. As tlie law now stands tbe use of tb* official receipt is mandatory only when • brother "shall request a receipt." The Eebekah branch of Odd Fellowship IE the oldest and largest ladies' auxiliary In the world; memberehip, 381,041. To work, brethren, and make the hills and valleys echo with the musio of the advancing hosts seeking rest in the tent* ot the Patriarch of the Patriarchs. TO CORE NERVODS DYSPEPSIA, To. Gain Flesh, to Sleep Well, te Knnr What Appetite and Good dictation Means, Hake a Test of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets. Interesting: Experience of AH India*- apolis Gentleman. No trouble Is more common or more misunderstood than nervous- dyspepsia. People having it think that tbeir nerves are to blame and are surprised that they are not cared by nerve medicine and spring remedies; the real seat of the mischief i» lost sight of; tbe stomach is the organ to be looked after. Nervous dyspeptics often do not have any pain whatever in the. stomach, nor perhaps any of the usual symptoms of stomach weakness. Nervous dyspepsia shows itself not in the stomach to much as in nearly every ether organ; in some cases tbe heart palpitates aod is irregular; in others the kidneys are affected-; in others the bowels are constipated, with headaches; still others are troubled with loss of flesh and appetite, with, accumulation of gas, sour risings and heartburn. Mr A. W. Sharper, of No.' 61 Prospect street, Indianapolis, writes as follows: "A motive of pore gratitude prompts me to write these few lines regarding the new and valuable medicine, Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets. I have: been a sufferer from nervous dyspepsia for the last four years; have used various patent medicines and other remedies without any favorable result. They sometimes gave temporary relief until tbe effect* of the medicine wore off. I attributed thi» to my sedentary habits, being a bookkeeper with little physical exercise, but I am glad to state that the tablets have overcome all these obstacles, for I have gained In flesh, ileep better and am better in every- way . The above is written not tor notoriety, but is based on actual fact." Eespectfally yours, A. W. SHABKKB, 61 Prospect St., Indianapolis, Ind. It is safe to say that Stuart's Dy»- pepala Tablets will cure any stomach weaknew or diseate except cancer of stomach. They core nour stomach, gas, loss of flesh and appetite, sleeplessness, palpitation, ; heartburn, constipation and he*da<:h«. • : • Send for valuable little book o» stomach diseases by Stuart Co., Marshall, Mich. All drugglrt* Mil foil-•tea* ages at (0 cenw.
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