Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on July 2, 1957 · Page 26
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Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 26

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Logansport, Indiana
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Tuesday, July 2, 1957
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Page 26
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Ten Logansport, Indiana. Pharos-Tribune Tuesday Evening, July 2, 195T. PRIMER FOR AMERICANS Xrou Eve In the United SUtej^of America. You are an I American, Real Americans like their country. They are proud of it. They think it is a good place to live. And they want to keep it good—to keep it getting better and better all the time. Why is America the way it is? What makes it a good place to live? The answer is simply this: Throughout our history most Americans have believed that every person has certain rights and duties and responsibilities. Americans have believed that there are certain thing* that people should do, and other things they should not do. They have also believed in certain things that people ore, and are not. These things that people believe are called principles. This book is an attempt to state the Principles of America in •imple, primer fashion so that you can understand them* learn them, and remember them. This is important. It was because earlier Americans believed in these principles and guided their lives by them, that America has grown to be the good place it is. If all of u« learn and remember these principles—if. we also guide our lives by them—then we can help to America growing better, and better, and better. And if we follow these Principles of America, help make the world a better place to live in, too. JTie Principles of America are these ,.. 1. Each Person is of Importance and Value as an Individual. Thin is the cornerstone... ttie foundation of all our other belief* In a person's right to live his own life, to ipeak for himtelf, to •iioose and change his leaden. From it comes our hatred of those "ismX" under which the Individual has no value or importance as a person, but is only one of many unimportant people who have to live the way their leaders toll them to. Coming directly from that first principle are two other principles that are also part of the foundation of Americanism. 2. We Believe that AH M«n should Enjoy Personal Freedom. 3. We Believe that All Men are Created Equal. It is worth noting that the Declaration of Independence expressed the belief that "all men are created equal." l.t did not Hate or imply a belief that men develop etjually or have equal ability, or that they should ever be fenced to an exact equality of thought, speech or material possessions. That would be equality without freedom. American! have always believed the two should go together. From the days of the Declaration of Independence and the writing of the Constitution, Americans have known thai •ven though Life, Liberty, and other unalicnable rights •re granted to man by his Creator, they require some protection by man himself. So, in our Constitution, and in other laws of our land, there arc set down principles to protect the rights and frce-i dorns and equality of individuals. And these principles play «n important part in keeping America a good place in which to live. 4. The Right to Freedom of Speech. This Includes freedom of the press, of radio, of motion pictures, of every means by which man may express his thought* on any lubject. 5. The Right to Freedom of Assembly. As we bcncve in rne right of individual action, io we believe IhM Individuals should be free to act together for the b»n»fit of all Thi« IS Democracy. ' 6. The Right to Freedom of Worship. Not only is the individual free to worship as he will, but religion* themselves are free and equal... regardtou of their siae or their beliefs. 7. The Right to Security of Person and Property. Not just one, but three Amendment* to the Constitution (4th, Sth and 14th) protect against illegal search and seizure, or IOM of life, liberty, or property, without "due proceM of law." 8. The Right to Equal Protectipn before the Law. As individuals are equally important, so laws must apply equally to all, without special privileges for any particular individual* or groups. . 9. The Right to Freedom from Slavery. This includes "the right to quit," for no individual may be forced to work for another. 10.The Right to Petition the Government. The legally guaranteed right of the individual to "petition tho government for redress of grievances" is evidence of the American belief that government is the servant, not the master, of the people. 11. The Right to Vote for people of your choice. This is the individual's most potent weapon in the protection of his'rights and freedoms ... a weapon that to be effective mu«t be constantly and wisely used. The Principles of America hold that every man has. .. 12. The Right to a Good Education. 13. Th« Right to Live where he pleases. 14. The Right to Work where he wants to. 15. The Right to Join and Belong to an Organization. 16. The Right to Own Property. 17. The Right to Start his Own Business. 18. The Right to Manage his Own Affairs. 19. The Right to Make a Profit or to Fail, depending on his Own Ability. There are other, similar rights of individual action which are Principles of America, but all of these individual rights may be combined in these two broad principles ... 20. Every Man is entitled to Freedom and •Equality of Opportunity. 21. Every Man may Earn his Living When, Where, and How he wants to. There are also Limiting Principles ... Principles of individual freedom sometimes clash with those of individual equality. Therefore bur rights as individuals must be limited, and those limitations are themselves principles. 22. The Rights of any Individual shall not Interfere with the Equal Rights of Other Individuals. Your right to awing your arm ttopt wh«r« the other fellow'* nose starts. 23. The Rights of any Individual shall not Interfere with the Welfare of the People as a Whole. Freedom of speech does not give the Individual the right, to about "fire" in a crowded theatre. 24. Every Individual owes Obedience to the Laws under which he Lives. The individual has the right to talk against a law, to work and vote to change that law, but NOT to disobey that law. Principles that are Patterns ofBehavior ... Many of our principles of individual freedom and equality are guaranteed to us by law But we have'other beliefs, other general rules of action and conduct that have grown to the status of principles. They have stood the test of time. They have worked. They have become a basic part of the way we live and of the way we look at things. These principles, too, are foundations of Americanism. They are as true, if not more true, today than they were in 1850 or in 1750. If America stays free, they will still hold true in 2050. 25. Every Man shall be Judged by his Own Record. A man's family bacKground, hi) race or his religion, i» not as important as what that man himself am do, for Americans believe a man must stand on his own feet. 26. Every Man is Free to Achieve aa much as he can. We believe that where any boy may become President, where any man may achieve greatness, there is the greatest incentive for every man to do his best. 27. To Achieve anything, a Man should be Willing to Work. Americans have always known that "you don't get something for nothing," that to get anything takei a willingnes* to work and to work hard. 28. Achievement also Depends upon the Ability to do a Good Job. • Add to "willingness to work" the ability to produce results and (he combination is Ihu basin for moat individual achievement in our country. 29. Every Man has the Right to a Fair Share of the Results of his Work and his Ability. Because of thl.i belief, America has not only produced more goods, but they have been more, fairly and more widely nhared'by more people tlmn in any other country. 30. Security is the Ability of a Man to Provide for himself. The only true security for any individual is the opportunity, tho ability, and the determination to work and plan and save for his own present and future. Self-rcliunce is vital to individual independence and personal freedom. No man can be "proud and free" who depends on others for hit security. 31. When an. Individual cannot Provide his own Security, the Responsibility should be Assumed by Others. We believe that no one should starve, or be without adequate clothing and jheller, so those who have moro than their basic needs share the responsibility of providing the essentials of security for those who need help. Printed 01 a Public S«rvic« by THE PHAROS-TRIBUNE & PRESS 32. Every Individual must Deal Fairly witk other Individuals. Honesty, fairness, and personal integrity are virtues that help free and independent individuals get along with each other with, out losing their independence: 33. Fair and Free Com petition is a Good Thing. Americans have always believed that competition' among in* dividual: or groups encourages greater effort which in tun brings greater benefits to all. 34. Cooperation among Individuals is Vitally Important. PRESIDENT EISF.NHOWI-R has said: "The freedom to compel* vigorously accompanied by a readiness io cooperate wholeheartedly for the performance of community and national functions, together moke our system the most productive on earth." Principles of Individual Responsibility.. « Freedom for individuals carries with it an equal responsfc bility to us* that freedom wisely. Therefore, if we wish t» remain free, we must faithfully fulfill our responsibility as free men. 35. The Individual is Responsible for himself and his Family. He must protect them and provide foe their present and JUMM well-being. 36. The Individual has Responsibilities to th« Groups of which he is a Part. He must give of his best to his community, his church, his em»' ploycr, his union, and to every group in which individuals co*. opcrulc for their mutual benefit. 37. The Individual has Responsibilities to ha 1 Country. He must be an active citizen, interesting himself in local, stat«v and national government, voting wisely, thinking and speaking and acting to preserve and strengthen freedom, equality and opportunity for every individual. 38. The Individual has Responsibilities to tho World. Man's horizons have expanded. What happens In the worW a I) eels him, and his actions can affect the world. Today, there, fore, each man lias a responsibility to net—and to cncaurug* his country to act—so that freedom and cooperation will b* encouraged among the people and the nations of the world. For America's Future Most of us are still confident of ourselves and of our country. We do not claim perfection. But we have faith in our ability to move forward, to improve, to grow, to provida more and more individuals with more und mor* of everything they want and need in life... If we, the people of the United States, want to have mor* material benefits, we must believe iu and follow these two principles: 39. The only way we can Have More it to Produce More; and 40. As we Produce More, we must make it possible for More and More People to Enjoy that which we Produce. If we, the people of the United Slates, want to have a better life, spiritually as well as materially... 41. We must stand firmly for our Beliefs, our Rights, our Principles. WALT; WHITMAN, writing nearly 100 year* ago, put it th» way: "There is no week, nor day, nor hour when tyranny may not •nler upon this country if the people lose their supreme confidence in themselves..." There are those who would chip away our confidence to that their special brand of tyranny might creep into America. They must not succeed. So, let ui ask of every plan, or act, or idea.'.. Is it With or Against the Principles of America? MMr/«r^/i«r/«iM WM conc«irtd ud dmwloptd by Sljurd 5. UravM. Fmfdrrt of Vounj A.Rublcwi, Inc.. and hl> awocUti,Thorny W, Uphwn. Coplwla Ulmlnlwt bookM toim oqy bt obuiotd firon ftimf D«t.. Younf * Rubiowi. loc, MS Mjidiwn Avoni*. New York 17. N. V. ftict. Me p«r copy

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