Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on February 26, 1969 · Page 24
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 24

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Redlands, California
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Wednesday, February 26, 1969
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Poge 24, Wednesdoy, Feb. 26, 1969 Redlands. CoW. School orm'band decision is overly exfreme The U.S. Supreme Court was consistent with its own philosophy of the Constitution Monday when it decreed that school trustees cannot forbid students to wear Vietnam-protest arm bands in class. The general position of the Court is that the freedoms in the Bill of Rights are almost absolute. Public authorities, they concede, have the right to deal with a man who stands up in a crowded theater and shouts "fire". Short of that, however, the citizen can do almost an>'thing he chooses under the protection of the First Amendment. We think that the Court has been carried " away by its own absolutist views. No matter what the Court says, there is still a time and a place for everything. A high school student has 16 hours a day in which he is not in class. During that time he should be able to do ail of the protesting he wants. Is it really essential to his freedom that he be pemitted to demonstrate against the war 24'hours daily? The Supreme Court has shown proper regard for equal opportunity in education in its series of school desegregation decisions. Don't children in a school room where a protest is being conducted by some of their nimiber have a diminished opportunity? Dividing a class up into "Pros" and "Cons" over a political issue is not conducive to everyone keeping his mind on the subject being taught. The Court has also placed a further restraint upon school authorities to set down the rules of acceptable conduct Ironically, it was left for Justice Hugo Black — a philosopher who claims to believe in absolute freedom of speech — to chastise the 7-Justice majority. "One does not need to be a prophet," he exclaimed, "to know that after the court's holdings today, some students will be ready, able and willing to defy their teachers on practically all orders." Mr. Black's dissent has no legal effect but it will cause many citizens to feel that their own sentiments have been voiced in the Supreme Court Chamber itself. With a Gran Of Salt 'It Covers Just About Everything, and 'It Goes for a Few Billion Less!" 'Bridge Out' That the disastrous rains have put San Bernardino County in a financial bind should be obvious to all. In January the storms inflicted tremendous damage on County roads in some canyons — such as Lytle Creek — and to others below the mountains. For example, the bridge at the mouth of Santa Ana canyon, northeast of Mentone, \vas undermined and tipped at one end, and there was a large washout at the north end. This was not repaired. Aheady faced with tremendous repair costs firom the earlier storms, the county is now in far deeper trouble from the current washouts. Bridges and roads that have held up against earlier high water now give way because the soil is saturated and can't stand further erosion or rainfall. Repairs of the kind now required are not going to be cheap. It now seems likely that the County will be tuable to put all roads and bridges back into full operating condition this year. Our guess is that at some crossings, temporary dips will have to sen'e in place of bridges. Some of the roads that serve only a few people will have to wait whUe roads of greater importance are repaired. Foster, cheaper mail Yes, Aunt Harriet, it is possible to deUv- er the mail and show a profit, too. In the year's time since he founded the Independent Postal System of America, starting out with what he calls "an idiot image," a 41-year-oId Irishman named Thomas M. Murray has built a private postal empire that is staffed by 1,000 mailmen and operates in 13 major dties, with headquarters in Oklahoma Qty, "I can do a better job than the post of-, fice," says Murray, "and at a rate about 42 per cent below thdr dtaiges." The IPSA delivers third-class mail, the tjpe usually marked "Occupant" Murray has plans to e}q;iand into second-class mail — magazines and new^apers — and fourth- class mail — small packages and parcels. He envisions an eventual "private express" deliveiy system spanning tiie continental United States and anptoying 500,000 operatives. - Tbe only ILS. postal restricticns on the IPSA are that it can't handle first-class man and cant use readential mailboxes. (The IPSA delivers its mail in plastic wrappers and ties tliem to doorknobs). Murray intends to fight the mailbox law as unconstitutional, "e\'en if it means going all tiie way to the Supreme Court." "We'w proven that free enterprise with prudent practices can do better than any government office." he says. Please, Mr. Murray, not so loud. You couM diake up an awful lot of peoide in WashingtoiL—NEA » Rain, rain, rain. This is ridiculous. It can't come down, hour after hour — but it does. "Why don't you come up to the Country Dub and take pictures of the hdicopters?- '•They're bringing boys in from the Harmony Ranch in Live Oak canyon." « "I tried to go home from the bank at 3 o'clock. I live in Yucaipa. "They won't let me get on the freeway at Cypress avenue and I don't know what to do." "You can't see the bridge at Barton Road, in Bryn Mawr. The approach is full of trees. "When I stopped my car another guy pulled up behind me and ran out to the edge to take a picture. Just thei) the bank started to cave and he came running back." "I hear they called out the National Guard in Redlands." "Yes. they did — but to serve in the flooded districts down toward Ontario." "How are they going to get those kids home to Loma Linda .. . the ones who are at the Mission school now? Beats mc7 No bridge at Beaumont Road. No bridge at Barton Road. No bridge at Mountain View. No bridge at Anderson street." "I went down the freeway to see if I could get to Loma Linda. .AH of the ramps were closed. They won't let you off. I had to drive all of (he way over to the Inland Shopping Center just to turn around and come back this way. "There were a couple of small airplanes circling over Loma Unda in the rain. I guess they were just looking." "Will you send somebody up to help me? My car is stalled at Cajon and Highland. It won't start." ".\ big tree crashed in the park and fell across Parkwood drive. Can your photographer lake pictures in the dark?" "Dam it. I turned my head- ishts on in the rain and I for- pot to turn them off when I stopped. Now my battery is run down." "Boy, did I lose my brakes, driving in all that water up at Punlap Acres. I thought I was going to crash." "If some lunatic is hankering to die he can put a boat in the storm drain along West State street That water's sure running fast and deep." "Yes, I know my telephone is out I talked on it at nine o'clock. Right after that I went to use it again and it was dead." "Leaks and more leaks. In the summer you don't know they are there. When the rain comes you can't get anj*ody to do anything about them." "I guess that water just wants to come down Redlands boulevard. That's where the Zanja ran as an open ditch in the earliest days oif the town. There was a bridge at Orange street. The first name was Water street. Maybe they shouldn't have changed it to Central, and later to Redlands boulevard." *"Do you think it will ever stop raining?" Now You Know By Un'rtad Pn%f Inltautienal The 0-0-A-.\ is a Hawaiian bird on the island of Kauai. Berry's World Court martial, a sound system By MAJ. GEN. PERRY B. GRIFFITH USAF (Ret.) Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 65. lowest 33. Redlands Knights of the Round Table, who honor residents whose efforts in various fields have benefitted the community in which they live presents the Grail Award to Mrs. Stewart Hotchkiss. A S491.378 contract for the construction of a 991-seat auditorium at Pacific high school is awarded to the Redlands firm of Forsbcrg and Gregory. Redlands senior high teachers Robert Ferris and William Cunningham will be among a group of outstanding malh and science teachers to be honored tomorrow at the University of Redlands. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 77, lowest 39. Elmer C. Parks elected president of the Community Chest with C. Paul Ulmer elected.vice presWent. Grand Central Rocket company reveals it has been selected to build the astronaut's escape rocket for Project Mercury. State confirms that the proposed California water plan will provide an aqueduct to deliver water to this valley by 1982. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 64, lowest 40. Junior Chamber of Commerce honors Dan McEwen as "outstanding boss of the year" and gives special award to John Pike for his part in promoting summer Bowl concerts. Gerrie Lawson, the 1964 "Miss Redlands" will compete for National Orange Show queen title toni^t. Building in Redlands for the first two months of 1954 down 50 per cent from last year, according to permit totals. One Minute Pulpit Besides being wise, the preacher also taught the people knowledge, weighing and studying and arranging proverbs with great care. — EccL 12:9. To add a library to a house is to give that house a soul. — .viarcus Cicero, Roman states- run. Student revolts show uniform pottems "Htr, am. wfaftV ya «t( tte ffroorr ouHH?" By DON OAKLEY Few will argue that there is not something irrational about campus revolts that threaten to destroy the very institutions they would supposedly reform and" negate the very values they purport to be defending. In the United States, at least one school — San Francisco State College — has been brought perilously close to complete shutdown. Disruptions by a minority of both students and faculty have turned the campus into a,mini-police state. This irrationality is a characteristic common to all student movements, says one professor, who has made a study of those that have occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries in more than 20 countries. All student uprisings are "symbolic parricides," claims Lewis Feuer, professor of sociology at the University of Toronto, in an interview in the New York Times. They are attempts by a young generation to humiliate and overthrow the institutions of its parents, regardtess of thQ political issues or the consequences. "Student movements are the most sincerely selfless and altruistic the world has seen," says Feuer, who was teaching at the University of California at Berkeley when that campus erupted in 1964. "But they are distorted and pulled toward extreme and amoral means because the driving energy comes from unconscious sources." The pattern is the same in practically every country, he says. The movement begins by celebrating democratic values and usually ends by discrediting those values for the whole society. He cites these instances: In Prussia, the great student movement of 1819 postponed the liberalization of Germany for 30 years, he claims. In Russia, a liberal constitution could bare been achieved The Almanac Todav is Wednesday, Feb. 26, the 37t'h day of 1969 with 308 to follow. The moon is between its first quarter and full phase. The morning stars are Mercury. Mars and Jupiter. The evening stars are Venus and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte and 1.200 men filed from Elba to start a second conquest of France. In 1870 New Yoric Ctty's first subway Ime was opened to the public with a fare of 25 cents. In 1919 Congress esUWshed Grand Canyon National Park. In 1935 Germany began operation of its Air Force under Reichmarshal Hermann • Goering. A thought for the day: Ralph WaWo Emerson • said, "The reward of a thing well done is to have done it" Quick Quiz Q — Is there « planet named Vulcan? A — No. This name was given, in the 1800s. to a planet supposed to exist between Mercury and the sun. Its existence was never proved. Q — What American State Supreme Court justice stepped into a taxicab in New York City on Aug. 6. 1930 and was never heard from again? A — Justice Joseph Forc9 Crater, a justice of the New York SUte Sopmne Court in 1881 had students not aroused an antiliberal reaction by society. In Bosnia, the universal acceptance of assassination by the student movement produced the murder of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and touched off World War I. \Vhether or not one agrees with the professor's theory about unconscious generational hatred, there can be little doubt that if campus revolts continue to spread and grow in violence, the end result will be seriously damaging to democracy in America. Can we avoid that result? Only if moderates, liberals and conservatives assert themselves on campus, says Feuer. If the whole campus can be involved in electing a student government willing to take over disciplinary matters in case of an outbreak, a rational position may be worked out The answer would seem to be up to students themselves and no one else. Book review * War For An Aftemoen, by Jens Kruuse (Pantheon, $4.95): How war came to the French village of Oradour between 2 p.m. and 7 p.m. one day early in June, 1944. Oradour is so far off the heat- en track of tourists and armies that its residents for the most part had never seen a German soldier imtU the SS men came thumping on doors as the villagers were sitting down to lunch. "Alle, raus!" (everyone, out) shouted the company of the SS Das Reich Division. A few residents fled. Some hid their children. But most were herded into the village square and then sent into garages and the church. The SS men set fire to the buildings, machinegunning some victims and letting fire have t h e others. They looted and burned Oradour. It was the SS unit's personal punishment to France. For resistance fighters had been popping off stray Germans of the Das Reich Division as the unit was rushing to meet the Allied invasion in Normandy. Kruuse, a thoughtful Dane, quotes the tales of the sunivors. They include boys who sneaked out of the bummg garages and one family who, when theur German guard walked ahead of them, simply vanished into an opening between two houses. TTiere were the odd moments. Ihree Jewish children, toddlers, really, bad been hidden by their parents who were later killed. Coming out of hiding, the three tots met an SS man and asked what to do. The German, alone signalled them to run and hide ir the woods. They did. They were the minority. About 600 of the villagers and some visitors were killed. After the war some of the SS men were brought back to stand trial. Many were Alsatians, Frenchmen forced into German service. Becatise virtually all the defendants escaped heavy punishment, the villagers erected two monuments. One listed the names and addresses of the defendants freed- by a parhamen. tary amnesty. The other listed the names of the members of parliament who voted for the amnesty. Today in Oradour hardly a man talks about it. The monuments are gone. Tiie only major marker may be Kmuse 's book which leaves it to Uie reader to draw any lessmi. ...RkiMirf K CraweM (UN) The nationwide-syndicated cartoonist who recently drew an addled, half-witted ape sitting at a court martial and titled it "Neanderthal" does nothing for your, his and my protective well-being. Such frivolous exhibitionism imdermmes the most efficient, fair, impartial and thorou^y legal system extant in this country, and quite possibly, the worid. He is either ignorant of its workings, doesn't care to find out or is guilty of swallowing poor advice and propaganda. .Armor-chipping like this is irreparable and, unfortunately, a sign of the times. Most civilians don't know much about how our U.S. system of military discipline, investigations and court martials work. It's a pity, too. For bereft of emotion and bias, it's conceded that uniformed justice more nearly approaches legalistic realism and idealism than anything practiced in civil life. X soldier, according to hallowed dogma, is guilty until proved innocent This canard, of course, isn't true. Before a man is brought to trial, his case is thoroughly investigated. He is either cleared or, if overwhelming evidence of malpractice turns up, ordered to stand trial. This is where the old "guilty until proved, etc., etc." derives. There must be enough evidence of malpractice present that, were his commander to overlook it, the commander, himself, would be grossly derelict in seeking the easy way out — not taking action. To preclude wasted time by bringing a half-baked case to court, no stone is left unturned during an investigation. More cases are investigated than ever see the dignity of a formal court martial: of that you may be sure. A few years ago, loud-spoken civil libertarians trumpeted a signal victory over civilian cops when a type of investigational assurance was granted where lawyers would be present before a thug — on being hauled into jail — chose to sing. Well, I've got news for you. This practice as a military juridical requirement has been in effect since the American Revolution. .A uniformed man running afoul of the law sets a whole chain of swift but uncommonly thorough procedures in motion. Hearing of someone being brought to trial without every bit of help having been given him to get his case prepared is an extraordinary rarity. Extensions are common, if justified; but the watchwords are thoroughness, fairness and celerity. There are three categories of court martials, (1) Summary, for light offenses such as a late return from pass, (2) Special: serious things like a few days AWOL or carelessly busting up some equipment and (3) General — very serious, to the government and society: desertion, assault, wilful disobedience of an order, murder, rape, mutiny. The accused is afforded plenty of time to prepM -e his case by military or civilian lawyers and is then ordered to stand one of the three types of trials. Things move along, militarily, with no by-play or court room shenanigans, a verdict is reached and sentence passed. Several review channels are next in order, after which the accused either serves his time or goes free. The service gives very light sentences for minor infractions, but crimes of serious nature have no place in the military, and anything that would serve to break down swom-to paths of rectitude cannot be tolerated. Seemingly harsh punishments, as meted out by a court are traditional. Then, if higher authority feels the record substantiates it. the penalty is re. duecd. But a reviewing authority CANNOT increase and harden a sentence. This is important. Fear of punishment is probably man's most active motivation of a viable conscience. You may take it as an inviolable, historical truth that when an enemy starts making successful inroads on a military system of jurisprudence, the end of the road is in sight. For God's sake, let military justice alone—something that is a part of the na< tion's foundation. It's honest, swift, fair, saves tax-money and man-power. How many civilian courts can say the same? They were the good, old days??? By NORTON MOCKRIOGE NEW YORK — Ever smce you and I and Amy Vanderbilt had a little chat about a month ago about whatever-has-happened- to-etiquette I've been hearing from readers who deplore its virtaal disappearance. Oa\y one reader thmks things are better without etiquette, and he writes: "EUquette is just for dopes. People shotdd be able to do what they want and not have to look in a book to find out And if anybody don 't like what you do, they should get lost" The letter was signed "Billy, age 13." Anyway, by pure coincidence. I've come across a tiny booklet called "Don't" which was published recently by Eric Sloane, the artist of Cornwall Bridge, Conn. This isn't a book that Eric wrote. It's one he found — he hasn't any idea how old it is — and he simply got his publishers. Funk & Wagnalls, to put it out again. It gives you in entertaining old English phraseology scores of "don'ts" for people who wish to move in polite society. It's astonishing how many of them youll recall from your youth, and even more astonishing how many have been forgotten by contemporary society. Eric, niio calls his volume ".A Little Book of Early American Gentility," says: "In this era of escape philosophy, traditional custom seems far awaiy and apptopriate only to an obcoiete age. A social rebellion ttiat accepts teen-age revolt jpnk art, pornography, and haUudnatory drugs appears to have little need for tiie niceties of etique^. In fact, the practice of doing Qie exact optwsite of ntat grandfather used to do is now considered fa^iiona- bte. . . . "As for myself, I believe that strict good manners and good breeding still have a place in the worid, and the fact that you must go into the past to re- seartj) this fine art fails to render it obsolete or less valnable.. Mark Twain quipped that 'good breeding ciwiiitti in concealing bow nuKh we think at ooisdres and how little we think d ibe otiier person'." The first "doo't" in the bode is most poiinent today when hardly anybody at all ever arrives at a party, hincfaeoo or dinner within half an hour of the time set The "don't" reads: "Don't as an invited guest, be late for dinner. Ibis is wrong to year host to other guests and to the Anner." Tbe second item is: "Don't be late at the domestic Uble as this is a wrong to your family and is not calculated to promote harmony and good feeling." (That is. unless you're watdiing TV. Then there's no need to report for dinner at all.) "Don't talk when you mouth is full. Never, in fact have your mouth full. It is more healthful and in better taste to eat by small morsels." dliis morning at breakfast in a hotel I saw a man put a whole fried egg into his mouth, shove in a slice of bread and a slice of bacon, and then take a gulp of coffee — TALKING aU the while!) "Don't eat onions or garlic, which will offend others later. It is not desirable to carry with us unpleasant evidences of what we have been eating or drinking." I Ho, ho, HO!) "Don't be overfamiliar in your habits. Don't strike your friends on the back, nudge them in the side or give other physical manifestations of your pleasure." (I know a man who slaps people on the back so hard that he once popped the store teeth out of an eldsriy man's mouth.) "Don't use hair dye. TTie color is not like nature and it deceives no one." (Ho, ho, HO, HO! I "Don't wear apparel with decided colors or with pronounced patterns. Don't — and we here address the male reader — wear anything that is "prettj-." What have men to do with pretty things? ... A man's figure or his costume shoukl never be ornamental, pretty or capricious, except at a fancy-dress balL" (And what say ye to that, aU ye beaded turtlfrDecks?) "Dont frequent bar rooms. Tippling is nc^ only vulgar and disreputable but injurious to the health." (How now, TVxits Shor?) "Don't fail to risa whenever a lady enters a room?" (Or stands in front of yoa on a bos?) "Don 't ask anyone mwe than once after a first refusal to sing or iday." (Better yet, I've observed, dont ask tiiem in the first place.) And for WDmen; "Doo't sob- mit servildy to faduoa. Believe in your instincts end (ba looking-glass rather tiian the dicta of the nantna-makeis." (Guess that's the end of mini and micro-skirts!) Also for women: "Don 't supplement the charms of nature by the use of the color- box. Fresh air, exocise, the morning bath and proper food will give to the dieek nature 's own tints, and no other have any true beauty." (Bye-bye to EUzatieth Arden. Helena Rabin- stein, and you tovdy Avon representative!)

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