Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on January 27, 1972 · Page 5
Get access to this page with a Free Trial
Click to view larger version

Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 5

Publication:
Location:
Estherville, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, January 27, 1972
Page:
Page 5
Cancel
Start Free Trial

Page 5 article text (OCR)

For 800 Million Bushel Corn Surplus ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THURS., JAN. 27,J972^ Page 5 NCGA Says Smith-Melcher Bill Necessary BOONE - Walter W. Goeppinger, president, National Corn Growers Association, Boone, told the members of the Senate Agricultural Committee in testimony Monday that it might take as long as 5 years to work off the excess 800 million bushels corn produced in 1971 at today's low prices unless Congress passes the Smith-Melcher Strategic Grain Reserve and Corn Loan Increase bill. The House passed it before adjourning in December and now it is being considered by the Senate Agricultural Committee. Failure of the Senate Ag Committee to report it out would kill both the bill and any chances for corn price improvement in the foreseeable future, he forecast. Goeppinger said that corn, the nation's largest and most valuable crop, is squarely in the midst of a severe crisis caused by USDA's failure to visualize what was going to happen in 1971. "The crisis" he noted, "is 800 million bushels too much corn raised in 1971 brought on by a clamor to open production gates wider than necessary after the blight of 1970. National Corn Growers Association fought that policy through the fall and winter of 1970 and continually forecast that we would raise far too much corn in 1971. Our warnings to USDA went unheel- ed." He said that a similar situation occurred after the semi- short crop of 1966, accompanied by the belief mat we were going to have to feed the world on a permanent basis. National average corn prices received by farmers were low for three years afterward being $1.03 in 1967, $1.08 in 1968, and $1.13 in 1969 per bushel. Goeppinger asked the committee "If it took three years and the short crop of 1970 to work offf 300 million bushels too much 1967 corn, how long is it going to take us to work off the 88 million bushels This Little Emmet County Piggy Goes to Market-- Sadly A 190-pound hog at the Emmet County Farm is ready for market- and no one is happy about it. In fact, there are tears. "Pork Chop," the hog with a host of people friends, came to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Tim Peters as a tiny pig last summer. He came from a litter of 13 born at the county farm and was abandoned by his mother because she simply didn't have enough feeding stations. So the Peters took Pork Chop in, spoiled him with such culinary goodies as fried eggs, cooked cereal, milk, bread, butter and tender loving care. DAILY NEWS readers will recall a picture—on the society page no less—last September showing Mrs. Peters leading Pork Chop on a leash. This week Dorothy Petersen and Chuck Ostheimer of the News staff decided to become the porker's biographers. They found Pork Chop just as spoiled as ever although considerably grown up. During his younger days Pork Chop lived in a box at the Peters home and was exercised at the end of the leash like a dog. About the time he outgrew the grocery box, the Peters moved to the County Farm where he was employed, and it was thought that the pig would join his relatives in the sty. But Pork Chop would have none of it. He showed his displeasure in the pen by fighting with his brothers and sisters. He didn't care about mud and dirt and had to be freed often to romp and play — mostly with Mrs. Peters' sis­ ter, Lillian Mortimore and a friend, Darla Haukoos. He liked the way they scratched his ears and rubbed his back. He didn't mind too much when the girls took turns riding him and he'd play he was a bronc, jumping,. twisting, turning in a playful attempt to dismount his friends. TODAY he lives with several calves in a barn pen. Here you would find the former 27-pound weakling at 190 pounds, standing on his hind legs, his front feet balanced in the calf feeding trough, begging you to rub his nose. Pork Chop does some unlikely things for a pig. Last fall when the Peters started driving to town to buy groceries they forgot to put the roaming hog in the pen and like a dog or Mary's lamb, he simply trotted down the road after them. Often Pork Chop follows Peters on his round of chores at the farm. One evening the pig and Peters came through the kitchen door at the same instant. Pork Chop simply hadn't forgotten his baby days when he was allowed anywhere. Of that occasion Mrs. Peters remarks, "The only way we could coax him out of the house was to offer him a popcorn ball." Yes, he likes popcorn, pancakes (with butter please), and gets a daily ration of milk. He doesn't care for ham or chops. The first snowfall frightened the porker, but then like a child or dog, he quickly became accustomed and delighted. Th-th-th-that's all, folks. That's all the story The News cares to tell. The Peters will soon have to part with their pet. But they hope to adopt another runt from a litter, because they found that pigs make excellent pets. This Little Piggy-Grew Up Mrs. Tim Peters was pictured with the very young Pork Chop in The Daily News last September. Blight Helped Cause Surplus excess of 1971 corn at low prices?" He ventured that unless adverse growing conditions came along it would take at least 5 years if the Smith-Melcher bill is not passed. The bill provides for Commodity Credit Corporation purchases of corn up to 800 million bushels at no more than $1.17 per bushel. No resale can be made until corn prices reach $1.41 per bushel and production plus carryover indicates a shortage. The corn loan would be $1.31 per bushel nationally. It is currently $1.05 per bushel nationally. He raid that corn farmers and related agri-business need the strategic grain reserve to isolate and sterilize the 800 million bushels excess production of 1971 from the market. Our U.S. and foreign corn consumers also need the protection of that reserve to bridge over the unforeseeable short crop years that occur from time to time." In his opinion the present USDA corn buying program can be of no< long time help to the market and will probably be an injury to it as there is no way to keep it from being a price depressant factor. He pointed out that price of corn in the main production belt was just about at the corn loan level now, despite the fact that USDA has bought about 10 million bushels in the past six weeks. "Corn farmers need a raise in the corn loan rate," he continued. "It is actually 15c lower than 10 years ago. During that time farm operating costs and farmers'costs of living have risen dramatically. Since the corn loan rate has determined the price of corn about 95 per cent of the time since its inception in 1933, its effect on the country's corn, poultry and livestock economies is basic. Raising the national loan rate up to $1.30 would insure a price of about $1.25 per bushel to the heavier'torn producing areas. This is almost 15c below that of a year ago." Goeppinger asked the Commit­ tee, "Since USDA and other federal workers have been given a 50 per cent increase between mid-1966 and October 1972, why can't corn farmers have a 25 per cent increase in the corn loan rate over the 11 year period 1960 to 1971? Congress has recognized the increase in the cost of living of fedeal employees and should do so for corn farmers too," he stated. In his opinion, raising the corn loan rate will not hurt exports. During the past decade the U. S. has exported about half of the corn going into the world corn export trade. As a major supplier, the U. S. sets the world price and other exporters merely undersell us just a few cents until their supply is gone, he told the Committee. Our total U. S. Feed grains exports in the high price periods following the short crops of 1966 and 1970 were higher than average, he pointed out also. Concluding his testimony, he expressed the need for strict acreage controls on corn production in 1972 and subsequent year 8 so that no additions will be made to the current excess supply. The open-end production corn program similar to the program for 1971 which is being presented to farmers for 1972 will not bring production and consumption into line, Goeppinger stated, because even though there will be some increase in the total number of acres placed in the set- aside, it will not be sufficient to curb excess corn production so long as thee is no limit on the acres planted after the farmer makes his set-aside. WASHINGTON (AP) Southern states hard hit by corn leaf blight in 1970 made dramatic production comebacks last year, the Agriculture Department says. Nationally, 1971 production was a record high, estimated at Pork Chop Today Fun in the snow. Here Mrs. Peters rubs the pet's nose, while her sister, Lillian Mortimore, right, and friend Darla Haukoos scratch Pork Chop's back. (Daily News Photo by Chuck Ostheimer) Urge 'Natural' Insect Control WASHINGTON (AP) - The government hopes to make a molehill out of the mountainous DDT controversy by getting cotton farmers to use natural methods of insect control as substitutes for the pesticide. The program, announced Friday by Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz, is aimed at cutting DDT use on cotton fields from an estimated 11 million pounds in 1971 to seven million this year and four million no later than 1975. Sources in the Agriculture Department say officials hope the program will undercut argu­ ments by invironmental groups that claim DDT is an imminent hazard to human health and should be banned entirely. Cotton farmers, who use about 70 per cent of the DDT in this country, will be provided more technical aid on such alternatives as improved methods of cultivation to reduce reproduction of bollworms and weevils; using advice from special field scouts on pest buildups and when to spray; and greater reliance on beneficial insects in controlling the harmful types. The Agriculture Department has allocated $2.25 million for the field program this year. Another $3.5 million will be added to research projects for developing further biological methods of insect control. Meanwhile, lawsuits brought by the Environmental Defense Fund and other groups are pending in the courts. Iowa—A Place to Grow Livestock Cash grain operations made up 20 per cent of the total commercial farming operations in Iowa during 1959 (a farm is considered "commercial" if it has sales of $2500 or more per year). In the U. S. Agricultural Census of 1964, cash grain farms increased to 27 per cent of the total Iowa commercial farms. But the information now coming out from the 1969 census shows no further increase— the latest figure being 26 per cent. We continue to see consolidation of separate farms into much larger units and more farm families moving to town. Even though many of these larger units have specialized in grain production, the census figures indicate that farms which market their grain through livestock have held their own. The ramifications of this fact should be appreciated more fully. There are not many things that are more important to the state's economy than its livestock industry. Consider the implications that it has in supporting business and employment, both on the farm and in nearby towns. Think of the feed processing, meat packing, livestock equipment manufacturing, farm implements, banking, trucking, and on and on. In fact, it may be argued that the ability of the state to support its current population at reasonably good levels of income depends more than anything else on the health and growth of its livestock industry. So long as Iowa produces more grain than can be consumed by its livestock, it helps a great deal to develop export markets. But if it could profitably be fed to livestock, the potential benefits are many times greater— for all Iowans. Of course, greater efforts to strengthen the livestock and food industry do not provide the total answer. There are many other opportunities in Iowa. But food production and processing make up its strongest suit. It therefore ought to be treated, in all activities that affect it, with the top priority that it genuinely deserves. — Iowa Development Commission. more than 5.54 billion bushels. The midwest Corn Belt, as usual, led the country in yields and over-all production. One reason for 1971's huge output was the absence of serious blight damage, at least compared with widespread losses from the disease in 1970. Another reason was the larger acreage which farmers devoted to corn last year. But in some of the southern states, where the fungus disease originated a year and a half ago, yields last year were up dramatically. In South Carolina, for example, farmers harvested 54 bushels per acre last year, compared with 27 bushels in 1970 when blight struck hard. Moving nearer to the mid­ west, the 1971 and 1970 corn yield averages also included: Tennessee 55 and 40; Kentucky 77 and 50; and Kansas 92 and 62. Iowa, which produced the largest 1971 crop, averaged 102 bushels per acre last year. That yield average was tied by Illinois. In 1970 the two states averaged 86 and 74 bushels, respectively. 1 CONSIDERING A LOAN ON LAND TALK TO US! If you are considering a loan on land to buy land, consolidate debts, make improvements or for other purposes ... talk to us. We'd like to show you how the Land Bank can save you money and provide flexibility in your financing. EMMETSBURG WEST HIGHWAY 18 'PH. (712)852-2645; BOX 75 SEE EUGENE HUTCHINS, BOB REEL OR HELEN HAAS. Siwv Monc k y on I lie lUvsi Corn You Qui ill See t6e Tteu ?972 G.M.C. PICK UP % ton, white and bronze with Sierra Grande interior— 350 V-8 engine, 3 speed automatic transmission, Power steering and brakes-Camper mirrors—Air conditioning- Heavy-duty throughout for campers—Bumper rear step- Radio—R-A Differential. MOTOR INN INC. Estherville, Iowa HANSON SILOS 3 WAYS BETTER! 4QH Larget SWING IN DOORS No more wrest I i MR with heavy doors. Big. for easy r- L. Write for FREE Literature. HANSON SILO CO. LUVERNE, MINN. 56156 r Plants Also At Lake Lillian, Minn. Lake View, b. • HANSON SILO • HANSON • HANSON SILAGE UN LOADER DISTRIBUTOR • FEED CONVEYING EQUIPMENT PIONEER Check these reasons why you should be planting more Pioneer corn this year. • The best Pioneer hybrid lineup ever, including many new numbers • Prices on N cytoplasm seed down $2.50 to $3 below 1971 • 4% savings for early payment • 5% or more savings for quantity buying • A free winter jacket; ask for details Oon't buy any other seed corn until you get all the facts from Pioneer! See or call me. Frank Kramer Gene Helgason Merritt Giffin Darial Determan Ed Herke Estherville Armstrong Ringsted Terril Graettinger /9g\ PIONEER A w 1 SEED CORN 362-4315 864-3106 866-0421 853-3552 Emmetsburg 859-3459,

Get full access with a Free Trial

Start Free Trial

What members have found on this page