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Thursday, Jufy 11, 1974 Uklah Daily Journal, Uklah, Calif.—7 DEAN DeVRIES GEORGE HUNTER B.A. COBER Publisher Managing Editor Publisher Emeritus Published dally except Saturday. Sunday and certain holidays by the Mendocino Publishing Co. at 590 South School Street, Ukioh Mendocino County. California 95402 . , Second-Class Postage paid at Ukiah, California Court Decree No. 92 *7 Subscription rates by Mail or Carrier One Year, $24.00; Six Months, $12.00; Three Months, $4.00 One Month, $2.00 Per Copy, IS Cents Out of Town Home Delivery $2.00 Mail and Motor Routes Payable 3 Months in Advance Telephone 462-1421 N. Uklah fire house site City should take — hard second look Ukiah's city council; which is steaming full speed ahead toward acquisition of an abandoned Gulf Oil service station on N. State Street for a fire station, may be brought up short by legal action taken Wednesday. Lu-Ann Properties, owned by Jack Shaw, and_ represented by Attorney Jack Golden, Wednesday filed a petition for writ of administrative mandamus and complaint for injunctive relief which is directed against the five members of the council. Shaw, owner of the Lu-Ann Motel, which adjoins the site at N. State and Empire Drive, is concerned that his business will be irreparably injured in that location of the fire station would result in traffic congestion, traffic hazards, and economic devaluation of the motel and restaurant concerned. The petition also alleges that the City is in violation of the zoning ordinance in that a use permit is required for a fire house under the present C-2 zoning; that the city has taken no such action. We feel that the petition is timely and appropriate. Locating a fire house in that area is certainly not consistent with the Ukiah General Plan which does not visualize usurping a prime business location for such a purpose. The city's traffic safety council, oddly enough, was not called upon for an opinion although. Pol ice Chief Donn Saulsbury has identified that area as one which has a favorable safety record. ? However^we feel-that, the council has given little tHought-tOtbe potential hazards — Masonite shift changes, traffffflowing tato N. State Street from the freeway, the number of commercial establishments in that area. And we also concur with the petitioner that it is strange, indeed, that no use permit has been required much less a study of the environmental impact on the area. Those supporting acquisition of the site are using economy as their best argument. Will the present owners, who made a fast deal with Gulf after the city's fire chief had studied the location, not feel that they are entitled to a mark-up for their pains? And basically, Gulf did not design its former service station as a fire house. By the time the necessary alterations are paid for, acquisition of the property may not be quite the economical coup that proponents contend. If the purpose of the location is to speedily answer calls to the north and east sides of the town including the residential areas across the river, then there are jther locations that would meet this need. The city and the fire, protection district have operated for many years without a firehouse at the north end of the city and there is no need for the council to hit the panic button and acquire the N. State Street site. In view of the determination shown by the owner of the Lu-Ann Motel to block the council's move to acquire the property, and the opposition of other businessmen in the area, it seems certain that time- consuming and costly litigation is inevitable. The council should take a hard second look at its earlier, decision before committing the residents of this city to pay for what can only be termed a highly unsuitable location. Attention, voters The pledge taken by gubernatorial candidates Edmund G. Brown Jr. and Houston I. Flournoy to limit campaign spending within the spirit of successful Prop. 9 acknowledges public disenchantment with the potential link between today's fund drives and future-administrative decisions. The anticipated expenditure of about $1 million each by Republican Flournoy and Democrat Brown Is far less than common In recent campaigns and below their expenses in the primary. But their agreement to meet each other In debate on the issues of concern to the state suggests that the voters will have ample opportunity to familiarize themselves with California's problems and the approach each would take to solving them. A series of lively confrontations in the months ahead will do more than define the field of battle for November's election. It should also stir the California electorate from the apparent apathy that made the primary turnout the most meager in 32 years. And voter interest and participation are of equal importance with legislated reform in restoring dignify and respect to the electoral processes. Cepley News Service PLUMBERS Be the first one on your block. . By TOM TIEDE WASHINGTON -"(NEA) — They are calling the President Johnny A torn seed now. And while he plants the globe with nuclear reactors, there is talk the human race may reap disaster. Besides the obvious worry that an Egypt or an Israel might, as India, turn the sprouts of peaceful pursuit into the foliage of war, there is perhaps an even greater risk: as atomic materials spread in the world, so do the chances of their diversion. It is not science fiction to imagine someone soon, someone such as the Palestine guerrillas, stealing the fuels with which to make their own terrible big bomb. There still may be some who doubt the possibility of the backyard A-bomb. Dr. Theodore Taylor, perhaps the nation's most eminent designer of fission booms, says he occasionally talks . with sophisticated physicists who "cling to the notion that a nuclear explosive has to be the product of massive and expensive technology." Yet Taylor says he alone could make a bomb in a basement in two weeks. He knows of schoolchildren who have on paper at least drawn crude but workable facsimiles, and he insists that anyone in any nation, given the fuels and ordinary expertise, could build a one-shot or even start an arsenal. Taylor's opinion, once dismissed as nonsense, is almost a matter of fact today. At least in the United States. He has warned so long and effectively about the gambles of insecure nuclear fuels .that the Atomic Energy Commission has been forced to redesign its methods of fuel accountability, storage and — particularly — transportation. Where once commercial Plutonium and (highly enriched) uranium was delivered across the nation, in much the same way as household furniture (in common, unguarded carriers), now the thinking' is to transport in impenetrable trucks which can be disabled by remote control in case of hijack. , The fuel safeguards in America are by no means invulnerable,as yet, but Taylor says there is a positive effort of. improvement underway. No such optimism, however, can be applied to the international scene. The United States has some 30 agreements with 29 nations concerning atomic exchange and the AEC says there are safeguard strings attached to each contract; in fact, the agreements center largely around accountability of fuels (how much is used and for what) and not physical security. Dr. Taylor says most countries with nuclear reactors have their own ideas on how to protect them and the United States can do very little but suggest. The implications nere are a bit atomic in themselves. Taylor estimates it would take only 5 to 10 kilograms of proper fuel to make a crude fission bomb. This much is routinely being shipped in single carriers dozens of times., a.. year in America, and today, very often in the world. ' If the stuff is not hijacked, or bagged by dishonest handlers, it does not take much, imagination to figure out an alternative method of diversion. "Suppose," says Dr. Taylor, "someone captures 100 schoolchildren and then demands 10 kilograms of fuel as ransom." This could be done now in America or France. In the short future, it could be done in places like. Egypt or Pakistan. Countries as obscure as Zaire are currently operating and adding to nuclear power plants. , As of now in America, the AEC says there has been "no illegal diversion nor any suspicion of ' illegal diversion" of atomic fuels. The same guarantee does not necessarily hold for other nations. Even today, authorities agree, it is possible that unofficial foreigners are working on internationally pilfered goods. Next week, in other words, some plane hijack may really - make headlines. Taylor is' only one who views the "peaceful" proliferation of nuclear knowhow as ominous. A growing number of worriers agree with him that unless stringent safeguards are written intp all U.S.-foreign nation nuclear contracts, and unless international atomic security is soon redoubled, "I would be opposed to any further nuclear development, for peaceful or any other purpose," ittle restraint by Russ By Copley News Service The physical toll of dealing with the Soviet Union was visible on the television tube as President Nixon summed up his impressions of the summit meeting that he had just concluded with Leonid Brezhnev. And, although he would not say so, undoubtedly a good deal of his visible mental and emotional fatigue was induced by the character of the Soviet leaders themselves. Genial and cordial on the outside, Brezhnev, like the Soviet society itself, is basically secretive, suspicious, acquisitive in nature, heavy handed and intransigent. Faced with this handicap, President Nixon deserves high marks for his accomplishments in Moscow. In his homecoming speech at Caribou, Maine, the President assured American people that he did nothing to compromise the interests of the United States of America. On the contrary, he said that "the process of peace is .going steadily forward" ... — irreversibly forward, the President believes. Among the striking aspects of the summit were, two statements by Secretary of State Kissinger. During a press conference in Moscow, and referring to the very great nuclear strength of both nations, the Secretary said: "In the name of God what is strategic superiority at these levels?" He also stressed to his Soviet counterparts that, "Both sides will have to convince their military establishments of the benefits of restraint." If he had serious doubts about definitions of strategic superiority, Mr. Kissinger should have asked his Russian hosts to explain it. Since the first Strategic Arms Limitation Talks were concluded in early 1972 the Soviets have furiously built up their stockpile of nuclear munitions in Europe to a level of 7,000 warheads, and the number of missiles necessary to deliver them by 25 per cent, according to Prof. John Erickson of Edinburgh University, an expert on the subject. They also have moved a 500-mile-range missile from their China front to Czechoslovakia to extend their nuclear reach on the continent. Also, since 1972, the Soviet Union has given first priority to bring its 1,650 land and 950 sea- based missiles up to the full potential permitted by the SALT interim agreement. In addition Moscow also has added four huge new land missiles and one new submarine missile to its strategic inventory. The Soviet Union could tell Mr. Kissinger a lot about the value of strategic superiority. The impression that the U.S. military establishment is the prime factor in fueling the international arms race is simply unfair so far as the United States is concerned. Advised by a civilian secretary of defense, the civilian commander-in-chief — the President of the United States — recommends the military, strength that he believes is the minimum essential to protect the nation. A Congress of civilians makes the ultimate decision. The military then carries out the policies of the civilians. That is the American way. In contrast to this self- policing arrangement there is little evidence of restraint in the Soviet, Union —civilian or military. As the President said, George Washington was the first of our chief executives to remind citizens that our strength was the best assurance of peace. New light t to guide voters Copley News Service SACRAMENTO — In September of this year interested Californians for the first time will be able to spot a potential conflict of interest involving the voting of all candidates for election. Why? Because the state Supreme Court recently reversed a Nevada County Superior Court decision and ruled that the 1973 conflict-of-interest act was constitutional. The court went on to order that all public officials who would have been subject to the disclosure provisions in April of this year would have to make them in September "so that these statements will be available for review by the public in ample time prior to the November election.'' That order was made apparently because nonin- cumbents for election were required to file financial reports prior to the Nevada County's stay of March 28 . while incumbents were not required to do so until April so many of them did hot because of the court challenge. The act, authored by Sen. George Moscone, D-San Francisco, requires that most elective state, county and city officials file annual reports on all investments or property worth more than $1,000 and loans, income or gifts of more than $250. It also specifies that any investments or property worth more than $10,000 be noted as such. After Moscone's bill became law,, there was considerable flak raised about whether it would not violate the lawyer- client * or doctor-patient relationship by requiring reports of all receipts from clients or patients totaling more than $1,000. .Moscone sought to clear up this constitutional question earlier this year with legislation which spelled out the legislative intent that officials need only disclose their income from a firm Without specifying clients. This made the bill con-> stitutional, Moscone said. It created a giant loophole, some opponents said. As an example, they said a legislator who was a lawyer could, for example, declare that he had an interest in a law firm that was worth more than $10,000. Period: He would not have to declare that the firm was paid a retainer of, say, $50,000 a month, by X oil company. Thus who would know whether there was a conflict of interest in the way the legislator voted on a bill affecting oil interests? Moscone insisted that the confidential relationships had to be protected to avoid the constitutionality problem which shot down previous conflict-of- interest legislation authored by former Assemblyman Jesse Unruh, D-Inglewood, in 1969, on grounds that it invaded the privacy of officeholders. The senator saiilius bill insured the rights of officeholders to "certain amounts of privacy" while preventing them from exercising obvious conflicts of interest in their official actions. Large numbers of officeholders, mostly at the local level, have threatened to quit rather than live up to the requirements of the disclosure act. Whether they will or not remains to be seen. New Books at Library BySHARON CANTRALL A Cold, Wild Wind, by Frances Kerns. A thoroughly readable woman's drama. The Easter House, by David Rhodes. A gaunt American primitive by a str6ng natural writer. The Half-Sisters, by Cynthia Seton. Deals in sophisticated, civilized fashion with the lives of decent people. Liberty Two, by Robert Lipsyte. An astronaut returns from the moon as a charismatic would-be leader of America into a Second Revolution. The Man Who Turned on the World, by Michael Hollingshead. This is LSD folklore and some of it is quite hilarious. Close watch on reforms By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - In past columns, we ha' •eported that not even tl Watergate outrages have shaken reforms loose from the political grip of the men who control Congress. These men came to power under the existing system and they are loathe to change it. They are heavily dependent upon the special interests, which put up most of their campaign money. They still listen more closely, therefore, to the whispers of the. lobbyists than the voice of the people. Our stories about the reluctance of Congress to adopt Watergate reforms have brought a huge response from angry readers. Three of them from Boulder, Colo. —Boulder National Bank .president Robert Hart, real estate developer George Williams and retired philanthropist David Lamb —have urged us to call the roll and report back to the people how every member of Congress and every candidate for Congress stands on key reform legislation. We have agreed to set up a special watch on reforms. We will report on the foot- draggers and string-pullers who insist on keeping the winds of reform from touching the Capitol. .We won't be fooled by the slick talkers who embrace the form rather than the substance of reforms. We agree with Charles Co Is on, the master of White. House dirty tricks, who confessed on the eve of his imprisonment: "You know, so many abuses have been revealed that if we continue just to apply band-aids, the patient's gonna die." Our focus will be on the clean election bill which House Administration Chairman Wayne Hays, D-Ohio, has unbottled at last from his committee and upon the reorganization plan which Rep. Richard Boiling, D- Mo., submitted to change the way the House does business. The legislation Hays has produced contains more loopholes than a medieval fortress:. And the Boiling plan has been sidetracked by the House Democratic leadership. It is remarkable the lethargy that afflicts Congress when it is suggested that Congress must set its houses in order. The members assure one another that, as the peopled chosen representatives, their characters had already been vouched for by their constituents. There is nothing wrong with the political system, they contend, that a good election won't cure. We agree that the best opportunity to purge the obstructionists will come in November. We will try to do our part by providing their names. MILITARY MADNESS: Rather than question a Defense Department directive, the brass hats have destroyed millions worth of surplus equipment that was good as new. The directive was issued in 1970 to keep surplus weapons from falling into the hands of terrorists. But the obedient brass, with' appalling lack of judgment, have been scrapping surplus parts which don't have the remotest combat use. CARNIVAL Several sources, who are directly involved in demilitarizing the surplus stocks, nave given us in incredible account of wholesale destruction, including such innocuous, items as doors, wheels, tires and even paper cups. Yet the terrorists, in the meantime, have had little hinderance getting weapons, sometimes stealing them right out of U.S. arsenals. Other resourceful terrorists have fashioned makeshift weapons such as flame throwers from aerosol cans and bombs from the cardboard centers of toilet paper rolls.. The Defense Department would do better assigning as , security guards the men who are now busily engaged in destroying perfectly good 1 equipment. Many of the parts, which have been destroyed, have had to be replaced with new parts from the factories at costs anywhere from 50 to 300 per cent above the surplus value. My reporter, Ed Tropeano, checked into dozens of silly destruction orders. Here are just a few examples: —The F-4 fighter is still one of the most widely used planes in the Air Force. Yet surplus parts, including wheels, tires and fuel attachments, are being destroyed daily despite the fact that replacements are constantly in demand. —Hill Air Force Base, Utah, placed ah order for 257 fuel tank noses of the same type that had been destroyed in the base's alvage yard. Had these fixtures been spared, it would have' saved the taxpayers more than $18,000. —Engine access doors, which are in constant demand by the military, have been destroyed at the same time new doors were ordered from the plant at $1,600 per replacement. —Incredibly, 250,000 paper cups were destroyed, according . to competent sources, because they had been intended for use in fighter jets. —At least one 60-foot truck- bed was destroyed because it had been used to haul tanks. —A SZF, a Navy aircraft, is considered combat worthy, so its surplus parts are smashed into junk. All that glitters Over the ages as. much probably has been said and sung about gold as' has been said and siing about the weather or love. Socrates thought that gold was among the noblest of metals. Lord Maynard Keynes called it barbarous. Shakespeare believed that gold would "seduce a saint." A generation of Americans soon may have a chance to form its own judgments if reports are correct that Congress soon will permit U.S. citizens to own gold again. Our prediction is that after an initial burst of enthusiasm we soon will re-learn another truth: all that glitters is not gold: that money used to buy gold for storage can be put to far better use in inflationary times. by Dick Turner "We're goiw) to Aunt Clara's? Oh,.oh! Isn't she the one that thinks APPLES are dessert?"