Individualized Teaching Is Goal But Almost Impossible to Achieve By G. K. HODENFIELD AP Education Writer U believer two or more rduca- t"i > ,!(•! tiiuotlnT. il's a j!ood lid one of them will remark thai hue education is Mark Hopkins :it one end of a log and a .slu- dent ;il Hie oilier This is a rouch approximation "' what I're.sidi.'nt (lames dm fiflrl once said about Hopkins, a dislinmiNicd prnfrs'-'ir and lout;inn,, president of Williams Oil- iej.;.-'. The idea of individiiah/ed in- slnidion --• one leaclier. one slu il( nl • - goes back at least as (fit as .Socrates. tln> philo.-oph- er ol ancient (irerce. It may have been practical in Socrates lime. Today, \viih nlwil 4"i million public .school pupils and about !.."> million teacliers. individualized mslnu'lion is a worthy goal almost impossible to achieve. In -in effort to provide as much individual inslnielion as possible today's schools have adopted ,i -.vide variety of new techniques ijtid procedure's. Tip i e is. for instance, tiro- "r.'iinmed Icarninjf, better known li.\ ibe most inappropriate; name ol ' leaching machines." There i.s a wide variety of these machines, running from S'i.000 electronic, consoles to in- e>pir,sJV(. three-rin-^ notelwoks. '.Vl.alever the nature of the hardware, the idea is the same: In let each student work individually at his awn best .speed, and al the same time free the (cache! to work with individuals in deed of help. Onerally speaking the machines feed tiny bits of informa- lion id the student, and immediately |wse a question for him to answer. Jir,.'iianl .students can w h i s k !nroui!h a year's algebra course in six weeks. Slow students may take a year and a half. Ideally, both will master the course, hinvnur long it lakes. about the same rate, the teacher can devote more time to the No.praded schools and ability grouping al-fo provide a measure of individualized instruction. When all the students in a class i-.rc capable of working at Iti a traditional classroom, the leacher i.s harried and harrassed by one group of youngster s falling behind and another group whiz/in^ through the work. Doth tend to become Iwrcd and, inevitably, work far below their capacity. The foreign language laboratory i.° yet another rapidly spreading technique. In most such labs, each student has his own set of ear phones, and listens to recorded lessons played on a record player or tape recorder. He not only learns the language much better, but he learn s it as an individual. The labs are particularly valuable for a student who i.s falling behind and wants to catch up, or for an eager-beaver who wants to cover a. lot of ground in a hurry Colorado State University has combined the teaching machine ^ranknoina j otter R Floral Arrangements Dining FOR Patio FOR • Gay • Happy • Colorful Watch for our Birthday Celebration Aug. 20th 1009 N. Main Garden City, Kans. Oii6e BR 6-4428 with the language lab and reports phenomenal success. Prof. K. K. Kllert told the Modern Language Assocition that h i s colleagues were concerned because all the students in the special course in Gorman were getting As. HcTp is how he described it: "At the center we had a laboratory equipped with 24 tape recorders, each in its awn booth. "Our students came in al their own convenience, checking in and out with a lab assistant, who saw that they were supplied with the proper books, tapes and tests as the occasion arose. "Then each proceeded through the program at his own pace. "The book is of the nature of a workbook and has a slider which conceals written answers. The student would operate the slider as he made his responses, checking each one with cither the tape or the book. "At first the responses were very short, consisting of a single German voweli; which was to be repeated after the student had listened to it on tape made by a native German speaker. "From these single sounds, the learner proceeded to combinations of sounds in words and finally to complete sentences. "First he would hear and repeat the item, then he would see it in print and repeat what he heard, and finally he was asked to read the German expression first and then check his pronunciation with the tape." The materials used at Colorado Stale Unibersity were developed by Encyclopaedia Britannica Press, one of the pioneers in programmed instruction. Millions of Americans from first grade through college are receiving instruction through educational television. This is hardly individualized instruction in the classic sense, yet it does provide these students with access to some of the nation's best teachers. Classroom instructional films also have been vastly improved For Back-To-School Surplus Outlet Revives "THE PENNEY PENCIL" • Full-length; good erasers; good lead. • Buy 'em by the Do.en or the Gross. • Limit 1 Gross per Customer. T Each BACK TO SCHOOL ITEMS 17°o NYLON JEANS $1.79 a pair or 3 for $5.00 CHILDREN'S SHOES AND CLOTHING COMPLETE LINE OF CANVAS FOOTWEAR BOYS CONTINENTAL SLACKS SURPLUS OUTLET GARDEN CITY C LIBERAL Page 6B G'nrdon f'ify Wednesday, August 14, 1963 since Mom and Dad went to school. One new development in this field is the single-concept film. These films are continuous ranging from 30 seconds to four minutes in length. They are designed to illustrate one specific idea or object. For instance, such a film might b e used to illustrate the beating of the human heart. The student can get a better, idea of bow the heart operates in a two- minute color film than he can by poring over pages of a textbook. In all the discussions of new techniques of teaching, some educators complain that the good old-fashioned textbook is beinr? neglected. After all, they say, a student absorbed in a good book is the epitome of individualized instruction. 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