Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on January 26, 1972 · Page 3
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Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 3

Estherville, Iowa
Issue Date:
Wednesday, January 26, 1972
Page 3
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Castro's tuba ationing, Regimentation in Havana ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, WED., JAN. 26, 1972 Page 3 Military Men Find Top Job in Defense Industry EDITOR'S NOTE— Dwlght D. Elsenhower was our president -when Fidel Castro took over Cuba. Since then three other men have gone to the White House, but Castro still rules. He does not believe in elections, nor in press freedom. The AP bureau in Havana has been closed since 1969, but recently an AP writer was admitted to Cuba in connection with the amateur world series of baseball. As it turned out, he was barred from filing news of the games—but he stayed on to see Havana for two weeks. By JOAQUIN MARTINEZ - Associated Press Writer HAVANA (AP) - Most Havana residents have to reckon constantly with three facts of life—Fidel Castro's armed forces, the no less ubiquitous Committees for the Defense of the Revolution, and the Communist Youth. And the fourth horseman is rationing and regimentation. There are complaints, but nothing in the atosphere indicates a change toward liberalization In the immediate future. No one seems to be starving, yet the amounts of food doled out to the populace contrasts sharply with what is available to foreign visitors and the "new class" of government bureaucrats. The average Cuban is allowed a maximum of 12 ounces of meat a week and similarly low quantities of eggs, coffee, milk, and other foods. As a paying guest of a hotel reserved for foreigners, I could breakfast on ham and eggs, coffee, milk and. rolls with generous portions of butter. For dinner there were freshly caught fish, lobster and beef. The hotel—the former Havana Hilton—is closed to the man in the street. When it came time to pay my bill the cashier would not take Cuban pesos. He said I had to settle in U.S. dollars—the same currency the propaganda machinery of the regime blames for its sorrows and many of the world's ills. Cuba's rulers have good reason to bar John Q. Public from the hotel premises. Guests there can freely buy any amount of cigars, cigarettes and liquors of a quality far above that which is available to . ordinary citizens. The merchandise available at the hotel shop • - Ja ..Of export quality, mainly sold abroad to earn hard currency or amortize gargantuan debts run up with the Communist bloc. The average Cuban is rationed to 40 cigarettes a month. These are of poor quality yet they fetch the equivalent of $2(5 a pack on the black market. The Revolutionary Armed Forces, headed by Castro's younger brother Raul, appear to exercise absolute control. What little escapes them is scrutinized by a host of repressive organizations: The State Security system plus the watchdog committees for the Defense of the Revolution and the machine that indoctrinates youngsters with a steady political diet from the age of 4 onward. As youngsters grow up they are watched over by the Communist Youth, who keep a close eye on high schools and universities. By the time a Cuban marries and settles down he—like his Ask Delay Emmission Standards WASHINGTON (AP) - The Environmental Protection Agency has been asked by me nation's largest automobile manufacturer to approve a one- year extension of the 1975 deadline for meeting motor-vehicle emission-control standards. General Motors made the request in a letter Jan. 12. The request was disclosed Tuesday night by Sen. Edmund S. Mus- kie, D-Maine. An EPA spokesman, asked about the request after Muskie said it was being kept secret, said the letter arrived at the EPA Monday. "No response has been made to General Motors," the spokesman said, "nor has there been any attempt to keep it a secret." Muskie said in a statement issued by his office that the request should have been made known to the public as soon as possible by EPA Administrator William D. Ruckelshaus. Muskie said the Clean Air Act of 1970, which carries the 1975 deadline, requires both a public hearing and a final decision by Ruckelshaus within 60 days of an application for extension. parents—will be under constant surveillance by a Committee for the Defense of the Revolution. These are neighborhood groups made up of Castroite stalwarts who keep watch over a block 24 hours a day. They report to security offices the comings and goings of neighbors and strangers, the arrival of suspicious objects. They also control the distribution of food rationing books, check school enrollment and enforce health measures. The food ration book is vital to obtain essentials doled out by the regime. Its backers hail the system as one that has done away with inequalities. But there is grumbling, especially among those who belonged to the now wilted middle class. There is no moaning about a lack of gourmet delicacies, but foods and beverages Americans take for granted have long disappeared from the average Cuban table. These include cheese, beer, wine, tea, cold cuts, butter or margarine, most fresh or canned fruits, chocolate and pork. ft does not take much to realize that the rationed items fall short of providing a satisfying diet. Habaneros, as the natives of the capital city are known, stand in lines that snake for more than a block, patiently waiting to buy one scoop of ice cream. They quietly wait for their turn, not in the festive atmosphere of a hot dog stand, but with a resigned air born out of need. Like many other people living in a totalitaring system, most Cubans seem resigned to their current situation. Those with the regime heap praise "on our friends, the Russians/ as a cab driver told me. "The Yankee imperialists are the ones who won't let us live," he added. Cubans seem deeply divided over the regime. The strength of the opposition cannot be measured reliably. A status quo seems in order for the foreseeable period. For Cubans are caught in a crunch: they seem to hate their present situation but even more than that they are loath to return to the past, the era of Fulgencio Batista's bloody dictatorship. That triggered Fidel Castro's successful revolt. Study Causes, Conduct of Vietnam War Attacking the "present crop of Democratic hopefuls" for their past positions on Vietnam, the chairman of the Republican National Committee has proposed a bipartisan congressional committee to investigate the causes and conduct of the war. "The American people have had enough rumors, enough leaks, enough 'inside stories,' enough lies," Sen. Robert Dole of Kansas said today. "The American people want the truth. It is time the Congress showed them the respect they deserve and give them the truth." Dole said in remarks prepared for the professional staff conference in Washington for Republican campaign leaders that he will propose a resolution ' nr a snAftfal i <nmmU«» tt\ find out the truth about the war. "As American troop strength in Vietnam grew and grew through the mid-60s, today's critics of the war were loyally supporting the policies of the war party," Dole said, naming Democratic Sens. George McGovern of South Dakota, Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts, Edmund S. Muskie of Maine and Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota. McGovern, Muskie and Humphrey are campaigning for the presidency. Kennedy has said he is not a candidate. "Self-righteous denunciation! are not going to make anyone forget that McGovern and Humphrey and Muskie and Kennedy and the rest ot the tribe backed the effort to put this nation into Vietnam right up to the hilt, to the tune of 55,000 American lives, hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese lives, and the destruction of the" independent political structure of South Vietnam," Dole said. Meanwhile, McGovern and new Democrat John V. Lindsay were competing for Florida's black vote after McGovern accused Lindsay of ignoring party guidelines on campaign spending. The state's presidential primary is March 14. Charles Evers, mayor of Fayette, Miss., was on hand to support Lindsay and was scheduled to give his endorsement to Lindsay during a rally at predominantly black Florida A&M University in Tallahassee. McGovern headed for Miami, St. Petersburg and Orlando after a Thursday night speech at Bethune-Cookman College, a mainly black school at Daytona Beach. Meanwhile, Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty said he would not be a candidate in the Florida contest and would go to court if necessary to have his name removed from the ballot. Yorty's campaign manager, Sam Bretzfield, said the mayor's name "was put on the ballot over his objections because supporters of Edmund Muskie and Hubert Humphrey are scared to death of George Wallace and want someone to split the conservative vote." On Thursday, McGovern said in Tallahassee that Lindsay failed to sign a pledge established by the Democratic National Committee for limits on television and media expenses. "I think it's unacceptable for a candidate to come into the state and campaign as a people's candidate while resorting to an expensive Madison Avenue media campaign," McGovern said. Alabama Gov. George Wallace, carrying on his campaign as a Democrat, complained because the Democratic National Committee did not make accommodations for him at the national convention. "Chairman Lawrence O'Brien and others cannot stand the fact that I represent and speak out for die average working citizen ...," Wallace said in a statement. WASHINGTON (AP) - The military's close relationship with the defense industry is underscored in a new Pentagon survey identifying high-ranking officers landing top jobs with key defense contractors. The survey, compiled for Congress, identifies 993 officers above the rank of major and 108 high-level Pentagon civilian employes who moved into industry jobs in the three previous fiscal years. Also listed are 232 former industry executives who accepted jobs with the Defense Department during the same period. Although there is no hint of impropriety, the survey points up what some congressional critics have described as incestuous hiring practices in the military-industrial complex. Until now it has been impossible to keep track of former officers taking important jobs with defense contractors. But under a new law the Pentagon is required each year to issue a census naming the companies these former officers work for and to specify the nature of their jobs. It applies only to retired officers working for industries with $10 million or more of negotiated contracts with the Pentagon during the year the employe left the military. Retired officers in defense-industry jobs are prohibited from selling products to their former branch of service for two years after leaving the military. A few examples picked at random from the Pentagon survey show: — Brig. Gen. Guy M. Townsend, now employed by the Boeing Co. and its space shuttle program. Until his retirement in 1970, Townsend was program director for the Air Force's new Bl bomber. — Lt. Gen. William W. Dick Jr., commander of allied land forces in Southeast Europe before retiring, has become senior army military adviser to the Lockheed Corp., the nation's biggest defense contractor. — Gen. James Ferguson who, a month after retiring as commander of the Air Force systems command, which buys aircraft and jet engines, became vice president of United Aircraft Corp., one of the biggest manufacturers of jet engines. The new job-reporting system was set up after the Defense Department, at the insistence of Sen. William Proxmire, D- Wis., made a one-time check in 1969 showing that 2,122 former top military officers were employed in the defense industry. At that time, the leading employers of these retired officers were Lockheed Aircraft Corp., 210; Boeing Co., 169; McDonnell Douglas Corp., 141; General Dynamics Corp., 113; and North American Rockwell Corp., 104. IN CONCERT SATURDAY AT 8 p.m. AT THE F.STHERVILLE FIELD HOUSE DAVE MAJOR & THE MINORS ALONG WITH THE OLD GOLD SINGERS % VVV^ ~ ADVANCED TICKET SALES RESERVED-S4 0THfR-$3 (,('! )<>lll Tickets Ao/r it Iowa Trust & Savings Bank-Stan Young Insurance Estheiville Chambei Of Commerce-Emmet Counly Bank Remaining Tickets Available At The Door Before Concert 4* A- # SLED DOG RACES SMURDM S SUNDAY. FEB. 12 S 13 Riverside Park, Estherville \orlh Star Sled /)o» iliib i ml SPORTS FESTIVAL SNOWMOBILE RACES Stc.i 1 1 iin'i Al V a . "i. S' "i.'fi / AT Tin: I M nn :y ii I'I AP -MH < VI H.S'S./4- Sanctioned t The Iulei national Sieii Ihifi li acini* t ssoci alion MUTT RACES FOR AREA BOYS & GIRLS Saturday At 1 0 a . m . / SLED DOG RACES TO BEGIN ' Saturday-At 11 a.m. With / Four Classes Of Competition SLED DOG RACE FINALSZ<&* r A i 11 ... \.' M il. T I. . / A^^^k. ^ V \& Sunday At 11 a.m. With The' ' / Foui Classes Competing / 4^^^* > 6 o° for A SI,300 Gum ant-eed Purse . \- -7-,- X s x. <v\ - s ' X V

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