With o Grain Of Salt OMmCAHWS Page 12, Tuesday, Feb. 25, 1969 Redlandi, Calif. If Non-stop rains change the picture From the time of Noah, when there was rain upon the earth for 40 days' and 40 ni^ts, people have recognized that conditions are different when the groimd never gets a chance to dry cut between storms. No one is known to be building an Ark around here just now, but many are observing the results of these unrelenting rains. Because they have been wetted day after day the tighter soils, at least, are full of water. They shed further rainfall and it runs off rapidly into the gutters, ditches, storm drains and rivers. So long as the rain is light or moderate, not much trouble is experienced. Prolonged, heavy rdns at this time, however, would intensify local flooding where drainage is poor. Also, because the ground is saturated, some landslides are occurring in unfamiliar places. They may be minislides in a sloping, residential backyard, or in such locations as the side of Redlands boulevard above Highland avenue. Soil masses that have been stable for years suddenly give way. The rain has become cruel to those who cannot work at their accustomed, outdoor jobs. Many are in construction. Many others are in agriculture. Proud people simply run out of money and turn to charitable institutions for food. The fair weather they hope for "tomorrow" does not occur. On the higher mountains a tremendous volume of water is impounded in the form of snow. With luck, this snow will not be soaked with more than the normal amount of rain and \vill keep the creeks flowing through most of the summer. If so, the City and the ranchers will get by mth lower pumping bills. However, the snow pack is also a potential danger as was a heavy pack in late February in 1938. As March began, a tremendous storm of tropical origin moved in and deluged not only the valley but the mountains as welL The warm water falling on the snow — even up to quite high elevations — came roaring down out of the can- j'ons together with the meltage. The odds are against a repetition of the 1938 chain of events. We would, however, be foolish to dismiss the possibility for the lessons of that year were learned at great expense. Igoadng Qte diuiji nin Sat* UFdav. we drove np to tfae Se> pulveda adnbe, near Interstate 10 and live Oak canjw nad, where ladies at the Yocaipa Womoi's Oub were btddtaf open house. •Hie two-story house — the oldest in the county, and now a museum — was bdlt by Diego Sepulveda in lUZ. In restored form, the lower rooms are open to the public. The house was coiy, the fireplaces in the bedroom and Ur- iogroom seeming to throw out radiant heat £rom their cherry- *' red (but synthetic) embers. In the kitchen the ladies were making coffee for all comers znd we teased them about "cheating." They had an electric percolator standing on the trfd-fashion wood stove, typical ot the kind used in American farm houses in earlier times. Both the kitdien and the liv- ingroom have become museums, displaying a variety of donated items. Tliey indude many things familiar to grandmother, but certainly not to the Sepul- vedas — a phonograph which plsys Edison cylinders and has a morning-glory horn; kerosene lamps; and a coffee grinder. This is yibat hivariably happens in the first era of an old building viiiich becomes a museum. The Asistencia likewise became the repository for numerous items from non-Mission, non-Mexican days. In the second era. the Asis tencia was overhauled with edu- _ cational exhibits created in the current fashion. The Dunlap adobe will probably undergo such a transition when it is ready for it — probdily in 15 to 20 years. Contralling inflation is No. 1 for Nixon UNREST IS t>B/aiJQPm OFPTHECAMPUS Redlands Yesterdays Half a loaf Mr. Ni.\on's proposals to Congress for reforming the way a President is elected are based upon the wisdom that half a loaf is better than no bread at all. Over 500 bills have been put in the Congressional hopper in this century to change or abolish the Electoral College. The end result has been zero. It is futile to seek reforms that will not pass Congress. Preadent Johnson was only talking into the wind in his special messages. It is also futile to suggest reforms which might pass Congress but would not be ratified by a suffident number of states. So, what Mr. Nixon proposes is to scale Informs down to the level where at least some improvements nsight be made. In doing this be refuses to be wedded to the details of certain proposals, since that would insure the defeat of his objectivBs. Although he may succeed a little where others have completdy failed, the odds are not in his favor. It was widely predicted that the Presidential choice would be forced into the House last year by the success at the polls of George Wallace. That didn't happen, and, because it didn't, most of the steam was taken out of the clamor for reform. The Newsreel "The population of Washington, D.C, ta- dudes about 2,500 journalists." All interviewing one another. A successful actress used to be one who dressed well. Now it's likely to be one who dresses well, but infrequently. The culinar>' art is in a strange state. Mother cooks the plain food. The gourmet stuff comes out of a can. It would be wonderful to be a child again, if you're sure you would be smart enough to operate today's toys. The college boy down the block is so fond of the school that he is mailing it home, a bride at a time. Vince Lombardi speaks of a winner this year. The other new man in Washington, IMdc Nixon, win play it one sesatm of The Frendi laundi a rodcet to study the rarefied atmoGphete at great bdghts. Why not lost ask General De GaiiDe to sniS around alittk? New evidence supports the theory that the omtinents were oooe all one. but drifted apart And if s hard to understand how tbey grow farther apart as tiie world gets smaller. The authentic exhibits are concentrated in the bedroom. Tlie chamber is completely equipped with Sepulveda furnishings — the larger pieces belonged to Diego Sepulveda and his bride, both of whom were 17 when they went to Yucaipa. ITiey we.'e brought around Cape Horn from Spain in 1802 and were given to the couple as wedding presents. For years, the furniture was owned by Mrs. Florence Dodson Schoneman of Los Angeles, descendant of Diego Sepulveda. She returned it to the room where it really belongs. Among those who joined the Yucaipa ladies at theu- annual Washington's birthday open house was Mrs. Fred Hill ot Redlands who will be 96 years of age this week. She gave to the museum a rocking chair that is about as old as she is and, of course, has a story at- Uched to it Mrs. Ifill sat in her chair during the tea and felt quite at home. While die did not engage in remmiscence, a scrapbook nearby contained a photograph of a farm wagon, with a canvas cover, and pulled by an unusual three*orse team. (A single lead horse, followed by a pair.) The caption material explained that the picture, dating to about 1890, shoM-ed the wagon in which Mr. and &Irs. Hill had driven from Redlands to Newport Beach. The trip took them 10 days and they stayed 10 days. Although Mrs. Hills' wagon- daj^ excuraon was in railroad days, almost half-a-centmy after the Sepulveda days in Yucaipa, she can no doubt sympathize with the life they led better then anyone else who was present last Saturday. One Minute ndpif Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a falL — Provai)S 16:18. If I had only one sermon to preach it would be a sermon against pride. — Gilbert K. Chesterton, English novdist Berry's World FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 55, lowest 43. Construction of the first phase of the new Mariposa elementary school in east Redlands moved a step closer when James P. Pctvers submitted a low bid of $181,224 for the first nine dass- I corns. First-hand knowledge of the workings of city government was acquired by 28 Redlands high school seniors who took part in the annual Civic Day program today. Many Redlanders observe a wondrous cloud created by the firing of a Minuteman missile from Vandenberg AFB last night. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures — Highest 72, lowest 39. Miss Bertha Ann O'Neil wins title of Miss Redlands in Jaycee- sponsored Orange Show queen contest. Helen Carson placed sec ond and Helene Price, third. Planning commission again defers action on an ordinance to permit trailer paries within the city in hopes of getting some sett of comment from the general public. So far, titere has been no community interest in the questions. El Blonte beats Redlands 60-49 in GIF basketball playoff clash but Gary Johnson and Tom Fox win all-CBL first team honors with Karl Phillips on second (cam. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO TempNatures — Highest 85, lowest 45. Mayor Hu^ FoUdns makes public his decision not to seek re-dectjon lo the City Council this April Smiley school "dads" agree to spend an day Saturday helping to landscape (be new school Hie PTA initUted the idea. Municipal Water district boand makes informal plica tion for admission to the Metropolitan district Mow YouKneir By United Prm IntatiMtioMl Peru, the center of the sprawiing Inca empire, was conquered in 1531-1533 by Francisco Pizarro with 180 men. LOS ANGELES - The State Department specifically approved an agreement reached here last week by whidi Suiian would change lus plea to "guilty" in exchange for a sentence of life imprisonment Los Angeles Dist Atty. Evelle Younger advised Secretary ot State William Rogers in Wash- iogtOD of these possibilities in the bargaining between his office and the Suhan defense staff and received approval from Rogers for the plan. Here is the story. Siihan, of course, faces a conviction of first -degree murder and the gas chamber for the assassination of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. He did not plea insanity, but instead entered a idea of not guilty, although he and his attorneys have never denied that he did the shooting in the Ambassador Hotel here last June. Under California law, it is possible to demonstrate a "diminished capacity" of mind, a sort of midstation between sanity and insanity, and thus escape a conviction for murder in the first degree. First-degree murder convictions — of course — require proof of premeditation. Even if convicted of first-degree murder, Sirhan wouM then, under California law, undergo a second trial by jury to determine whether the punishment would be death or life imprisonment Once a jury was selected and testimony began. Siriian's plea of not guilty as»mied a double importance. It would permit a showing of diminislied capacity, suggested by his attorneys in tfadr opemng statement, either through drunkenness or an irrational hatred of Israel. In ad- ditkn. it would permit him to "tell his story"; that is, to have his moment of woridwide publicity in which be could recount the events of his childhood which formed — allegedly — his views. On the other band, a plea of guilty would eliminate the necessity of a trial. And if he couU receive a guarantee of life imprisonment in return, there woutd be no risk of death in the gas duunber. "nnis. there began the kind of "plea bargaining" familiar to most oriminal lawyers and most district attorneys in which a lesser plea is accepted in ex- 'State' okayed Sirhan plea By FRANK MANKIEWICZ and TOM BRADEN change tor a lighter sentence. Siiiian — in short — was prepared to cop a ptea. His attorneys offered a guilty plea to first-degree murder if they could be sure the death poialty would not be imposed. At that point Dist Atty. Younger went to Washington for some foreign-policy advice and got it In conversatfons with Secretary Rogers, he was advised that the State Department — as a matter of U.S. foreign policy — would find the proposed deal acceptable. If Sirhan were to plead guilty and receive life im- pri5(Himent, the reasoning went it could only have a beneficial effect as far as the fierce and violent Middle East passions were concerned. In the first place, Sirfaan's "telling his story" would be avoided, and the story — one of alleged Israeli actions during the 1948 Arab-IsraeU war — was bound to be an inflammatory one. In addition, a Palestinian Arab in prison in the United States is far less likdy to pro- \oke woridwide conflict than the same man under sentence of death for months, perhaps years, or the worldwide story of his execution. Armed with Rogers' approval. Younger returned to the scene of the trial here and approved the bargain. All that was needed was the consent of Judge Herbert Walker. To the astonishment of both sides, the judge refused. He insisted that even if the plea were changed to guilty he would submit the penalty questkm to the jury, which migiit sentence Sirhan to death even if the prosecution did not ask for it Siifaan rejected the gamble. And so the trial proceeds, the opportunity to defuse at least one dangerous element in the Middle East was lost. Younger, of course, scnipu- k)us]y refrained £rom using the foreign • policy arguments in court and Judge Walker was entirely unaware of the State Department position. Never has the separation of powers seemed more separate. (Copyright 1969, Los Angeles Times) By WILLIAM S. WHITI WASHINGlTOr — TTie one authentic cloud over the sun for the Nixon Adnunistratran as it enters the second month has little relationship to the vexations of Vietnam, or to the state of the Western alliance, or even to the chronic-domestic racial crisis. The real worry in the White House is instead idmost embarrassingly homely and old-fashioned. It invtdves the most basic of all pineal issues — the home economy. The dilemma is vbat to do about inflation. What the Administratkn faces is the dear necessity to arrest spnaling prices without patting on the brakes so hard as to increase an infinitesimal but nevertheless sensitive degree of unemployment The commitment of course, is to halt inflation absdutdy. The practical objective and the attainable objective is only to contain ii^tion wifliin dear' limits. Thus it is that the men least noticed on the Nixon "team" — Secretary of the Treasury David Kennedy and his ccdleagues in the dreary sdence of economics and buckets — are the ITix- on men most truly under gun. They must deliver the goods and bring home the bacon — wi&out allowmg it to cost too much. This is so not simply because pockethook and market-basket matters are the most decisive in politics, Vietnam or no Vietnam and race crisis or no race crisis. It is true also for human reasons that are mixed and mingled, indeed. To begin with, tradition and folklore attribute to all Republicans a degree of economic know- how to wJiich the Democrats generally are widely felt to be strangers. A Republican President is supposed to know all the answers in tliis field l)ecause of his presumed intimacy with the business commimity. A Republican President is supposed to balance the budget, keep employment hi^ and taxes low, and never, never to be caught with the naiioaal cbeettosk out of Une. Bowev«r, Mr. Nixaa is not now and never was any special hero of "busmess". Thsre is not magic for him in the legend to which he is heir. In practice he has no more going for hiin witli the busmess community than did his inunediaite ptedecessor, Lyndon Johnson. For an iUustratiwi, it used to be that the stock market automatically cau^t fire when a Repddican entered the White House upon the heels of a departing Democrat AiQtody who reads the market quotations these days will know tliat Ridnrd Nixon's accession occasioned no mad glee m "The Street" The market has been anytiiing hut kind to him. There are two reesons. The modem stock market has no place for sentiment in any event In this case, moreover, Mr. Nixon is the product of a middle-income coalitiaa that has little to do with big business and even less with Wall Street. With the lug money people he is on inobatian, whereas his last G.OJ>. predecessor, Dwigbt Bisadxnwer, bad them eating out of his bond from first to last. General Eisenhower could survive business slumps without losing an ounce of favor; Nixon could not Aiu>ther way to put •:t U to say that President Nixon has to prove himsdf to the controlling Eastern financial interests quite as much as he must, say, to the liberal and strictly nonbusiness groups that are pressing him for more and mors welfare outlays. All this, then, explains why the keepers of the keys to Mr. Nixon's future live not m the glamorous posts like State and Defense but rather in the dusty offices of the money and price managers of bis administration. When you get right down to it the President's expertise is political, not economic. He has a far better chance of solving his foreign problems off his own bat than of putting exactly the right kind of economic program over here at home. The pciin was plain on Mrs. Raine By NORTON M0CKRID6B eiMirli«.l«.< '...4Wllii*awSW«»j«...#»SMio«j The Almanac Today is Tticsday, Feb. 25, the 56th day of 1969 with 309 to The moon is between its first quarter and new idiase. Hie mommg stars are Mercury, Mars and Jupiter. The evening stars are Venus and Saturn. On this day in history: In 1804 a caucus of Rin >ub1i- oans unanimously nominated Thomas Jeffenon for President with George CUntan of New York as his iwuung mate. In 1901 J. P. Hbrgan founded Bie United States Sted Corp. ia. New Jers^. the fint faaUoo- doOar entenvise. In 1919 Oregon became the first state to tax gaaidine. The tax was one per cent In 1967 American warships began sheObig North Vietnam. A tfaooght for the day:' British deigjiuMx TTrwM Fdlcr said, knows Utfle wte win tdl his wife aO taiowi." Quick Quii Q — What department has jurisdiction over the Superintendent of Documents? A — The Government Printmg Office, whidi operates under the authority of the Coogressiaul Jomt Committee on Printing. The Superintendent of Documents is an dement of the GOP, subject to the authority and selection of the PubUc Printer. Q — What Olympic first was established in the 1968 summer Olympic Games? A — For the first tune ever a Enriqueta Basilio Sotelo, carried the torch on its last lap around the track, up the sta- dram steps and lit the Olympic flame at the opening ceremonies. Q — What do the cross, the star and the crescent represent? A — The three major world religious — the cross, Christianity; the star. Judaism; the crescent Islam. NEW YORK — Mrs. L. Raine whose address I stupidly lost tells me that after a recent wedding armiversary she wait to the store to buy a batch of thank-you cards. Unfortunately, she'd forgotten her glasses but on one card she was able to read the mscription: "Just urint we wanted." There was a little design of some sort at the bottom of the card that Mrs. Raine couldn't make out but the card seemed suitable to thank her friends for the presents. So, still without glasses, she scribbled her thanks on each card, wrote addresses on the envdopes and mailed them. Then the phone began to ring. Friends from all over called to congratulate her. Seems that Mrs. Raine, who is in her 60s had sent out birth announcement cards. That little "design" at the bottom of the card was a baby in « bassinet! Whfle we're talking about family matters, perhaps you would like to know how the Bureau of the Census defines a married coupte. Here it is from its latest report: "A married couple, as defined for census purposes, is a husband and his wife enumerated as members of the same household. A married couple is classified as 'with own household' if the husband is the head of a househoW. The expression 'husband-wife' before the term •honsehoH.' 'family* or 'subfamily' mdicates that the head of the household, family, or subfamily is a married man whose wife Uves with him." All clear now? Clayton Hoagland of Rutherford, N.J., says that on a recent trip through Rhode Island he went to a supermarket near Westerly and saw this sign beside the derk who was <q>erat- ing the check-out cash le^ster: "I Count The Day Lost If I Don't Get Hell From Somebody." Cab driver Hyman Levy tdls me that an elderiy man be was driving the other day paid the fare and then said: "And bow would you like a $10 tq>?" Hyman was overwhdmed but he managed to say: "Why not?" and the man handed him a no bin "Why are yoo giving me tins?" asked Hyman. "Wen," sakl the man, "I don't want to have a snlty conscience. Whesi I got mto the eab I fond two no bins ea the floor. The least I can do is give you one." "TdJ, me," she said to the clerk, "where will I find your percolators?" The derk shook his head. "Madam," he said. "Ahercrom- bie and Fiteh frowns on perc<4- ators!" And. speakmg of stores, a man I know who loves to display his eruditkm went into Steuben's, the wonderful glassware store in Manhattan and said to a derk: 'Td like to see some Scbtoy-ben glass." The cleric looked at Ura rattier superciliously and said: "Sir, you are in Stoo-bens." This is how a San Frandsco newspaper reported the way Dr. Hayakawa handled a phase of the student rebdhon: "If Hayakawa plans to ordercl assesrusumed Monday, as seemed likdy, hew isn't saying so, publicly. Anaide saidno time- or place f or Saturdays ann oucement had be enset" Or. Hayakawa, need I remind you, is a semantidst one of the worU's authorities on the use of language. Lots of people have wondered about the identity of M. F. K. Fisher «*o writes wiMy jastio- nomical articles for flie New Yorker. WeO, M. F. K. Fisher. viba used to write jokes for Bob Hope and Sng Crosby, is Mary Frances Kennedy liAer. She believes tiut more peofde wiU read, and enjoy, her artides if they don't know she's a woman. And how about a few puns from my punny friend, Louis Ginsberg, the Rutgers English instructor: "Speakins ot success, aU work and no make jack ... If at first you don't succeed, try a little ar- iot . , . I know a man who started on a shoestrinc and took a lacing . . . AnoOwr man bat- Ued las way up and then botUed his way down . . . Many a cboice whine is made £rom sour grapes ... And when the chimney sweep was asked how he liked his job. be replied: 'It soots me'." W/rrCHOUTFOR THE OTHER GUY Q — WhoistheonlyU. S. presklent to observe his 70th birthday m the White House? A — Dwigbt D. Eisenhower left office at the age of 70. making him the oldest president in American hisatzT. A lady I know went to Abercrombie and Fitch file other day to boy some sporting equipment and, after she'd made her purchase, she remembered that her dectric percolator had gone on the blink.
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