4—Uklah Dally Journal, Ukiah, Calif. .Wednesday, July 10, 1974 'Court of fhe people' characterized Warren High Court tenure i ' »ar W7 ' . .. :.k«.i^uiamaitim cualificatiomftri By United Preti International , Former Chief Justice Earl Warren, who presided oyer one of the stormiest periods in the Supreme Court's history, came to Washington after serving as a crime-fighting district attorney and three-term California governor. He, spurred the court to landmark, and highly controversial, decisions involving civil rights, voting laws and civil liberties. Appointed to the high court by President Eisenhower in 1953 with no prior experience as a judge, Warren and his colleagues stunned the nation with the school desegregation ruling in 1954. Warren Court rulings involving reapportionment and the rights of criminal suspects provoked heated debates and put the Supreme Court in the national spotlight. Warren, who said he "never felt the loss" of not winning a national office, was the Republican vice presidential candidate on the ill-fated Thomas Dewey ticket in 1948. He served as California governor from 1942 until his appointment to the high court in 1953. Warren, criticized as 'traitorous" by his enemies and praised for his "judicial statesmanship" by admirers, characterized his tenure as "the court of the people." Warren was born in Los Angeles March 19, 1891, but spent most of his boyhood fn nearby Bakersfield, where his family moved when his father, Methias Warren, lost his job during a railroad strike. Warren worked in rail freight yards part time as a youth. He decided at an early age to go to college and law school; vowing to be the first boy from Bakersfield's "railroad section" to make it through college. Warren attended the University of California at Berkeley, intent on becoming a trial lawyer! He passed his state bar exams in 1914, and began private practice before he was drafted in 1917 during World War I. Warren left the service a year later as, a first lieutenant. In 1919, he went to work for the state Assembly's Judiciary Committee in Sacramento, resigning a few months later to become a deputy city attorney in Oakland. By 1923, Warren had become the chief deputy district attorney of Alameda - County. A year later, he became D.A. when his boss resigned. In 1925, in his first election, Warren was elected to the post "by talking to more people than any candidate had ever done before," as he later said. Warren married Nina Palmquist Meyers, a widow with one son, in 1925. The son, James,, was adopted by Warren and the couple had five other children, three daughters and two sons. Warren earned an early reputation as a no-nonsense crime fighter, which was later tempered by his decisions in favor of arrested suspects as chief justice. In 13 years in office, Warren battled bootleggers, convicted an average of 15 murderers a year and uncovered a major bribery scandal in Oakland, sweeping the mayor and all but one , councilman out of office. Warren attracted national headlines in 1936 when he successfully prosecuted several union officials for plotting the murder of George Alberts, the chief engineer of a local freighter. Warren, however, was unable to solve the most tragic case of his career as a district attorney. In Maybf 1938, his father, living alone, was beaten to death with a lead pipe. The crime was never solved. While he was district attorney, Warren increased his activity in state and national politics. In 1936, he went to the Republican National Convention as a favorite son candidate, with the California delegation pledged to his support. He defeated Alf Landon, the eventual candidate, in a primary poll of the state's electors, but he later released them to support Landon. In 1938, Warren, then serving as state chairman of his party, was elected state attorney general, one of the few Republicans in Culbert Olsen's Democratic administration. Warren added to his image as a crime-fighter while in Sacramento by conducting raids on gambling ships moored off the Los Angeles coast. ' But in the early days of World War II, Warren enraged civil libertarians and Japanese- Americans by approving'gov ernment plans to intern lOb.OOO aliens and Californians of Japanese ancestry. Campaigning for governor, Warren spoke often of an alleged imminent danger of sabotage. " v " Japanese-American groups claimed'in later years Warren expressed regret for the action,, and pointed out he might have been under pressure from farm interests who wanted to reduce competition from the Japanese- Americans. In 1948, the Civil Rights Commission called the mass internment one of the •moat serious moral crimes in history. Warren challenged Olsen for the statehouse in 1942 and won easily, despite the fact that Democratic voters outnumbered Republicans by more than one million. Warren served as governor until he was appointed chief justice in 1953. He was reelected by overwhelming margins in 1946 and 1950. As governor, he earned a more liberal reputation by sponsoring, although unsuccessfully, state health insurance programs, a state fair employment practice act and a rent control law. He continued to campaign against crime, particularly against organized, crime. "Gangsters, hoodlums and crooks are of no particular importance until they become organized," he said in a 1948 speech. "That is what we propose shall not happen here." Warren soon began playing a more important role in national Republican politics. In 1944, a last-minute shift made him the keynote speaker at the party's national convention and earned him an offer to be the vice presidential nominee, which he declined. Increasingly drawn to national poHtics, Warren once told an interviewer: "I want to be president." Asked his program to attain the White House, he replied, "I have ho program.' r In 1948, Warren accepted the vice presidential nomination on the Thomas E. Dewey ticket, excitedly telling the nominating convention, "I accept -^before you change your minds." Following Dewey's narrow defeat by Harry S. Truman, Warren remained in the political picture, unsuccessfully seeking the presidential nomination in 1952. A year later, Dwight D. Eisehhower appointed the then, 62-year-old Warren chief justice. Eisenhower considered Warren a safe, moderate-to- conservative choice, because Warren had strongly opposed Truman's seizure of steel mills in ,1952 and had challenged federal claims to offshore; oil. Within months after his appointment and confirmation, however, Warren was leading the court to liberal decisions that silently enraged Eisenhower, particularly the land mark 1954 school desegregation case. ; Warren exerted ah enormous influence over the court during his 16 years as chief justice, although he had, no previous experience as a judge, nor was he ever considered a, legal scholar. His admirers noted <that Warren's great influence, ' • on the bench was due to his 1 persuasiveness and his broad understanding of human nature and national events. Critics of the Warren court mounted numerous "Impeach Warren" campaigns, and constantly questioned Warren's quaJuTcauomfcr the office. The Warren cauft* landmark deci- sioiisv^thjB desegregation ruling,, the one-man, one-vote case, and tiw cases, involving treatments criminal suspects —all provoked angry outbursts from critics. would like the court throughout its history to be remembered as the court of the people/,' Warren said after he retired in 1969. "No one can say how the opinions' of any particular court or any particular era will stand the tesf of time." VALUE GIANT SALE PRICES EFFECTIVE THRU SATURDAY, JULY 13TH. QUANTITIES LIMITED TO STOCK ON HAND. NO DEALER SALES. A DIVISION 0' CASTiE & COOkf MERCHANDISING SPORTSWEAR CLEARANCE! vocation day: 11 7 2 7 fit' m m . —~> ^v 1 -/A if* $2 Get It All Together! Men's Sleeveless SWEATER VESTS REG. 3.99 SALE! EACH Fun-seeking summed sportswear now at ready-to-go prices! Mix or match several playtime outfits from crop tops, jean tops, shorts, pants, short sets or sunsuits. 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