The Weather Clear, colder tonight. Low 22-28. Fair, milder tomorrow and Wednesday. High, 36; low, 32; noon, 35. River —4.34 feet. Relative humidity-, 65 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXIIL—NO. 48 Associated Press Service — AP VV/Vep/ioto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1952 International News Service 14 Pages 5 CENTS S. Jets Rout Reds In Dog Fight Reds Demand Russia Given Neutral Role Challenge Rejection By Allies And Deny Soviet Forces Fight MTJNSAN, Korea—«P>—The Communists today challenged Allied rejection of Russia's nomination to a neutral Inspection commission which •would help police a Korean truce. The Reds declared that by every standard the Soviet Union qualifies as a neutral. Minutes earlier the Communists called off a full dress meeting of truce negotiators — Just as Allied delegates prepared to leave for Pan- munjom to learn whether the Reds had accepted TJ.N. terms for a Kortan peace conference. Ask Session Tonight There was no explanation. But the Communists asked for another plenary session at 10 a. m. Tuesday (8 p. m. EST Monday). Bed staff officers demanded that the U.N. command explain its objections to Russia's nomination. The neutral nation commission would make behind-the-lines inspections during an armistice The Communists argued that Soviet combat forces have not fought in Korea and that if Russia cannot be considered a neutral "there would be no neutral nation at all existing In the world." An Allied staff officer replied only: "I note your statement," Soviet experts trained the North Korean Army before the outbreak of war and the Reds are using Russian-type planes and other war materiel. Saturday an .official U.N. spokesman, Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, said both sides agreed that each must approve all nations nominated to the neutral commission and there is nothing to compel the U.N. to say why it opposes Russia. May Give Reasons He added, however, that this did not mean the Allies would refuse to give their reason or reasons. The U.N. has nominated Switzerland, Norway and Sweden as its representatives on the inspection commission. The Reds named Poland and Czechoslovakia in addition to Russia. Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy Sunday accepted a revised Communist proposal for a post-Armistice peace conference subject to three conditions: Would Restrict Issues (1) That a discussion of withdrawing foreign troops from Korea include all non-Korean troops. Chinese as well as U.N. Command forces. (2) That peaceful settlement of the Korean question be restricted to Korean problems and not embrace sweeping Asiatic issues. (3) That final' recommendations be forwarded to the U.N. General Assembly and to the Republic of Korea, which is not a member of the U.N. Red acceptance of the U.N. stipulations would virtually clear the way for approval of the final item on the truce talks agenda—recommendations to governments concerned. Crashed Liner Found On Peak BURGIO, Sicily — (£>) — Police reached the wreckage of a British airliner on the side of Sicilian M Rose near here today and reported Mine Deaths Blamed On "Toothless"Laws Wife Accused Of Slaying Officer Mrs. Richard O. Parsons, 22, and her attorney are shown in El Paso, Texas, sheriff's office after she was booked for slaying her husband, Lt. Richard P. Parsons, 24. They were married a month ago. (See story below) British A-Bomb Said Superior To U. S. Type LONDON— (IP) —Britain announced today she will test a new atomic weapon this year. The probable date and place are late September or early October on the bleak Woomera rocket range in ^Australia. " British experts believe their weapon Is better than any produced to date by the United States, but perhaps not as powerful. The official announcement did not say whether the new weapon Is a bomb. There was speculation that it might be a bomb, shellhead or some other device whose explosions could be controlled and thus used in support of ground troops. But Chapman Pincher, well-informed science reporter for the London Daily Express, said "the weapon will almost certainly be a high powered atomic bomb designed for use by aircraft." Authoritative sources said the new weapon will be set off by an entirely new but still secret process. Guided missiles have already been tried out on the Woomera rocket range. Weather conditions will be at their best in late September or early October for an atomic test on the central Australian desert. Preparations for the test include the removal of aboriginal tribes from the area. The brief announcement said only that the test of an atomic weapon will be held in Australia this yes*. But London newspapers hailed it as Chapman Says Congress Also Is'Negligent' House Group Opens Hearings In Effort To Improve Safety WASHINGTON—(JP) — Secretary of the Interior Chapman said today states have failed to cut down coal mine disasters and the time has come to give the federal government power to close unsafe mines. Chapman told the House Labor Committee in a prepared statement that two recent major explosions fata) to 125 men "would not have occurred" if the federal government had had authority to enforce its recommendations. • In an earlier statement before the same committee, Rep. Price (D-I11), who is sponsoring a mine safety bill with teeth in it, said Congress must share with careless mine operators the blame for heavy annual loss of life in the nation's coal mines. Says Congress Negligent He said Congress has been negligent in not giving federal agencies the authority they need to act when states shirk their responsibility. Chapman asked Congress for mine safety legislation giving the federal government power to enforce safety regulations, and laws with criminal penalties for violators. Now all enforcement power rests with the states. Citing the death of 119 miners in December in the Orient Number Two mine in West Frankfort, 111., and of six Feb. 2 at Carpentertown, Pa., Chapman said: i. "I hear it argued that the states can enforce their own safety legislation more •effectively"than cart the federal government. I submit to you that, if the federal government had been possessed with the power of enforcing its recommendations and regulations, Orient Number Two and Carpentertown would not have occurred." Danger Was Reported Inspectors of the Bureau of Mines, Chapman said, months ago notified mine operators and state officials EL PASO, Tex. — W>) — A pretty I of inlnois and Pennsylvania of dan- Pretty Blonde Slays Husband, Gives Self Up young blonde, charged with slaying her Army officer husband, told officers last night she shot him following an argument over aid her wealthy parents gave them. Mrs. Richard O. Parsons, 22, said her husband contended her parents had done too much for them "in every way." "I remember he told me 'to go to hell'." her written statement said. "I went to a closet in the bedroom and got my gun. *. x x I put the gun to his head and pulled the trigger twice. 1 ' The slaying of the 24-yaar-old lieutenant occurred in the couple's proof that Britain had made a tre- apartment Saturday morning, but mendous stride forward in a drive Mrs. Parsons did not .surrender until that night. Officers quoted her as saying she to restore the country to military equality with the United States and the Soviet Union. Douglas Sees Ike Rebuffed By GOP chatted with neighbors and telephoned her parent* in Tuka, Okla., !* llncs _° before going to police. gers at the mines but no action was taken. He said that under federal standards the Pennsylvania mine "was considered gassy — the state of Pennsylvania considered it as non- gassy.'' He said federal warnings were given the mine's operators and state officials in June, 1951, and again in August and September. In the case of the Illinois mine, he continued. Bureau of Mines inspectors "had identified all of the hazards" which he said violated federal regulations "fully six months before the explosion occurred," and had notified operators and state officials. Chapman said that in 1941 Congress authorized the Bureau of District Attorney William Clayton said he would ask that Mrs. Parsons, charged with murder, be held without bond at her examining trial. NEW YORK — (/Pi — Sen. Paul;But Defense Attorney W. H. Fryer inspections and recommendations in the hopes the states would follow the advice of the federal mine experts. "This plan has failed, x x x the state governments, taken as a group, are not doing Douglas ,D-I11) said today' that i«iid .he would file a writ of habeas against ^unnecessary enough to insure and useless Two Airmen Injured When Plane Hits House Minor injuries were suffered by two airmen when this light plane pancaked onto a residence yesterday in Derby, near Denver, Colo. No one in the house was injured. Pilot T. J. La Faver, 31, said the engine failed shortly after the takeoff. Big Three Set To Deny Reich Entry In Pact Full Membership In NATO To Be Refused .. By Western Leaders LONDON — W*H*-Tn"e Big Three foreign ministers met with Chancellor Konrad Adenauer today to tell him that West Germany so far can share in Atlantic Pact planning and strategy only as a member of the European army, not as a full member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The British French and American diplomats joined Adenauer at Britan's Foreign Office to tell him their answer to the West German Parliament's demand for an equal voice in NATO in exchange for German troops for western defense. An official statement after the meeting said "some progress" was made in sohfng problems that have arisen. The four ministers planned to resume their talks at 4:30 p. m. (11:30 a. m., EST). France was reirarted to have in- 'Cocky' Pigeon Helps .Himself CHATTANOOGA, Tenn.—OT—A cocky and determined pigeon strutted through the door of a downtown restaurant last night, marched to the kitchen, and had a meal of peonuts and a drink of water on the house. Then, Policeman Johnny Padgett reported, • the -bird sauntered over to a phone .booth, laid an egg, and settled down for the night. Truman Plans To Change 1KB Facing Defeat WASHINGTON —W>— President Truman's plan to reorganize the much-investigated Internal Revenue Bureau today faced growing opposition—and possible defeat—in the Senate. Chairman McClellan (D-Ark) of the Senate Expenditures Committee considering the plan, told a reporter "I am not satisfied with the testimony presented for it." It was learned, too..that oppon- sistcd on a distinction in the powers jents of the proposal expect veteran of a proposed four-power appeals | Sen. George (D-Ga) to come out tribunal to pardon or parole con- against it. He is chairman of the victed German war criminals. The French said a pardon would infer the removal of guilt. The four ministers also were reported to have talked about Germany's financial contribution to European defense. The Temporary Council Committee of NATO, headed by W. Avercll Harriman, yesterday sent a report to Adenauer estimating Germany's ability to pay ll'i billion marks 152,700,000.000). The Bonn republic previously had set nine billion marks as the best it could do. all aboard were dead. Accounts dif- Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower appar-l corpus if bond is not set by to- fercd. however, as to whether the ently won't get the Republican pres-! morrow. toll was 31 or 34. jidential nomination, but could have The examining trial probably will A police captain with the search j the Democratic nomination if he be held later this week. party said he counted 34 bodies—17 wanted it. men: 14 women and three children Previous reports from the crash "It looks as though Eisenhower is New Aloniic not going to get scene said the dead numbered 31 j he wants and does not want the and the airline operating the char-i nomination he can get." Douglas tered craft said it wa-s carrying thnt!said. "I am afraid the poor fellow number—26 passengers and a crew!is going to fall between two stools." of five. i the nomination „, IIIT r> •«•• 'Scheduled In I acilic WASHINGTON — (/?' — The Defense Department, announced today that preparation for new atomic Many of the victms were reported ci :,],,« .». • v. ij. i 11- , OlHH-o to be families of British soldiers sta- Four I tests are under wa.y in the Pacific. The brief announcement, gave no tioned in Kenya, Britain's East Afri- VIENNA. Austria—(.I 5 )—Snow-slides can colony. The plane, a twin-mo-i claimed four more victims during tored Viking, was enroutc frcm Lon-1 the weekend, raising the Winter don to Nairobi, the Kenya capital. \ weather death toll in Austria to 37. Exposure Of Relief Payments Assailed By Department Head | They will be conducted at Eniwetok. 'remote Pacific Atoll, by a joint team Two Children Die When Home Burns JESSUPS. Md. —(/PI Two little girls died yesterday when fire swept through their log cabin home off the Washington Boulevard near here. The victims were Jennifer, two, and Shirley, four months, children tax-writing Finance Committee. George is to testify before the Expenditures Committee on the plan Feb. 26. He told a reporter he preferred not to comment on his position until then. Mr. Truman sent ttie plan to the Capitol last month as his first 1952 Prison Terms Will Be Asked ForRlansmeii Ten Face Trial For Kidnap And Flogging . In Carolina Terror WHTTEV-ILIiE. N.-C.r-(/P)—A'gov* ernment prosecutor announced today that prison terms, and not the death penalty, would be asked for ten former Ku Klux Klansmen whei they are brought to trial nexi month. They are charged with kid- naping and violating civil rights. All were arrested Saturday. The arrests followed a series of reported floggings by night riders in Columbus and nearby counties. At least 11 persons, white and colored, have felt the lash within the last year. Most of the beatings happened in the last few months. The raid by some 35 agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation has brought a sense of relief to this area, according to Willard Cole, crusading editor of the Whiteville. News Reporter. Cole said "for months we didn't know where the Klan would strike. Now the shoe is on the other foot. The Klan doesn't know where the FBI will strike next." Columbus County Sheriff Hugh Nance said "the atmosphere is greatly improved. It seems unlikely there will be any more mob violence in the immediate future." In Louisburg, Charles P. Green, U. S. District Attorney for eastern North Carolina, said he would not Tanks Batter Chinese Unit [n Hill Area "Operation Strangle" Stepped Up, Bombers Shatter Supply Lines SEOUL, Korea — (&) — American et pilots, outnumbered more than wo to one, damaged two Commun- st MIG jets in a battle high over North Korea today, the Fifth AJr Torce said. On the ground, an Allied tank- infantry task force penetrated deep nto the Communists' Old Iron Triangle in Central Korea, drove Chinese Reds off a high hill, -then pulled back. Another TJ. N. raiding party broke out of a Communist trap east of' ,he Pukhan River in Central Korea Sunday night and returned safely to Allied lines. The party was pinned down six hours by macSiinegun fire and grenades. 19 Against 40 Reds The air battle matched 19 Sabre ets against 40 Communist MIG-lSs. The MIGs tried unsuccessfully to break through a screen of Sabres protecting fighter bombers attacking orth Korean supply lines. The Fifth Air Force flew 552 sorties up to 6 p. m. As Operation Strangle — the campaign to cut ommunist supply lines—entered its seventh month. Operation Strangle entered its seventh month Monday. An Air Force spokesman said the operation had caused the Chinese Reds "terrific expense" and probably had prevented the Communists from attempting a major offensive. • Supply Targets Plastered Fighters and bombers plastered supply targets throughout North Korea Monday. The Air Force reported F-51 Mustangs destroyed or damaged 40 buildings in a supply dump near Sibyom. Associated Press Correspondent Milo Farneti reported from the central front the tank-infantry task force rammed Into the Old Iron Triangle at daybreak Monday and seized Silver Star Hill south of Pyonggang. The hill is called Silver Star by infantrymen because of the number of Silver Star medals won there in a battle some time ago. The Eighth Army reported the task force met | only moderate resistance. Allied Party Pinned Down The other Allied raiding party was pinned down from 11:20 a. m. until 5:25 p. m. Sunday before breaking out of encirclement. In that same area, two Communist companies—about 400 men—assaulted Allied positions east of the Pukhan River at d'isk Sunday but were hurled back. The Reds attacked after laying, down a heavy mortar and artillery barrage. One patrol contact was reported elsewhere on the front. proposal on the corrtiption-in-gov-1 ask the ricaUi penalty against the eminent issue. The tax collecting bureau has been subjected to a ten men. He added that he hopes to bring them to trial, probably at searching probe by a House sub- Fayetteville, on March 17. committee in recent months. Many charges of misconduct have been heard. Seven of the nation's 64 The ten were charged with taking a white man and woman into Horry County, S. C.. and flogging them on i "Liz" Will Many Actor This Week NEW YORK—WV-Elizabeth Taylor, 19. screen star, said today she will marry Michael Wilding, 39, British actor, "at the end of this week" in England. She announced the ceremony will take place in Kent at the estate of her godfather, whose name she refused to disclose. And "we'll have a blessing in church—the Church of England," she said. Gracie Fields Marries Premature Question Causes Man's Arrest I MONTREAL —MM— A 23 -year -old j man ran breathlessly into a fire j station last night crying: '•Where's! the fire?" That was just a few seconds before an alarm came in. Because of his bad timing, police arrested the man and said they thought he vva.s responsible for set- regional tax collectors have left of-i the night of Oct. 6. The victimsjRadio Man Oil Capri fice in less than a year and in all were identified as Mrs. Dorothy Dil- 166 employes were fired or ousted;lard Martin, 27. and Ben Grainger, last year, 60 for alleged dishonesty.i40, both of Fair Bluff. Young Bride Held In Male Shooting SILVER SPRING, Md. —(/Pi —A pretty brunette bride of less than a year was held today on a charge of "Prows Freedom" Group Bars Cleveland Scribe ISLE OF CAPRI —M*)— Gracie Fields, vivacious British veteran of stage and screen, and Boris Alperovici. who won her heart as a radio repairman, were quietly married today in St. Stephen's Cathedral. CLEVELAND - W - Reporter For Gracie ' who is 54 - '" was the Marc Glcisser of the Cleveland i thirti marrianc. Alperovid, who was Plain Dealer was barred from cov-i bor " in Romanian Bessarabia, is 48. crinc a. meeting yesterday. It was his first marriage. ting 35 fires in northeast Montreal. assault with intent to murder her;, husband. 1 of experts from the Army. Navy, Airi her five-year-year son, John, rushed of the International Development I The husband, 42. was given only As he was abo it to be thrown out,, 11 P f 1 he pointed out that, the meeting was!'* 1 " 1 ' 1 *'' Contirniea Lsnonsorcd by the Ohio "Freedom of! WASHINGTON— (/?)— The Senate Police said they arrested Dorothy ^ prKs Xssociatioii." ! confirmed by voice vote today Pres Kornarens. 24, last night as she was: Glr , issOT Raid the majn pur p ose o f'ident Truman's nomination of Ellis WASHINGTON-(/T>,-Eric Johns- j bathing the wounds of her husband, (hfi mcctin( , was (o gain new readers , G Arnalli fornled gover nor of for the communist newspaper, the;Georgia, as price stabilization of Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Dailey, 1 T i . c T negroes. Johnston Sworn In Mrs. Dailey, next door visiting relatives, first knew of the blaze when! ton was sworn in today as chairman i jack, with a wet, towel. Force and Atomic Energy Commis-: in shouting. "Mama, sion. (house is on fire." Mama, the Advisory Board of the Point Four!an even chance to live by attendants I program. I at Garfield Memorial Hospital. Daily Worker. I director. BALTIMORE— OP)— Thomas J. S. Waxter, head of Baltimore's City Welfare Department, said today he Is against a proposal to publish the names of those who receive relief payments from the state through local welfare payments. Another would open the relief rolls to public inspection but prohibit their publications in newspapers. A new federal law opens the lists, provided the names are protected from commercial or political exploitation. Until recently, the lists were held secret. Dr. Waxter said of the proposal: "It's a matter for the legislature to decide. Whatever they decide is mandatory on the welfare program. i "It would be a pretty damaging ! thing to many people. "Older people have n hard time getting here. To hold these old people up so everyone knows they are on I relief, I don't feel would rebound to anyone's benefit. i "And children in relief families 'have a tough enough time as it is. >To hold them up to all of their j friends as members of relief fam- ! ilies does something to their moral I that is shocking." ^ w ^ *n»m» w»<? ;Reds And 'Friends Of Slavery' Hoover Group Seeks More Refonus Linkc(1 As Civil Ri hts Foes * * * *** *** *** i "" Federal Agencies Targets In Move For Gredter Economy Slrikc Vole Scl BALTIMORE — i.Ti — Baltimore's 10,000 shipyard workers of Bethlehem Steel meet tomorrow to con- ricifr a strike vote. ; WASHINGTON —(/Pi —The Citi- ,zens Committee for the Hoover Report assembled today to mobilize .1 'last-ditch effort at further government reforms before coin? out. ->t i business May 31. : Among the committee's major target? are the government's two billion :dollar a year medical services, the I massive Vet.rrans Administration and IMie sprawling Department of Agriculture. ! President Truman sent a message jof welcome. He voiced hope that the i committee would push ahead for ("greater ecor.omy, efficiency and ef- ' fectivcness in gvoernment operations." The President announced hs will recommend further reorganiza- 'tion plans to Congress this year. Of the 37 reorganization plans so far submitted 28 have been approved and one is pending—the reshuffle of the Internal Revenue Bureau. "There !s more that needs to be done, of course, and we are continuing our efforts to effect certain other reorganization recommendations which have great merit," Mr. Truman said. But the Amercan Legion yesterday greeted the committee with a blast at what it caled its "fantastic" land "outdated" proposals to stroam- jline the VA, and Secretary Brannan accused the crenmittee of bcmc "de- istructively critical" of the Asrioul- ! ture Department. j About 55 per cent of the Knowr !recommendations now are in force. according to Robert f L. Johnson president of Temple University, who heads the committee. He said these are responsible for i perhaps two billion dollars annually in savings. Enactment, of the re- maining, and more controversial, proposals, could increase the savings total to S5.400.COO.OOO. he estimated. Tiie naiiona! commander of thr-> American Lea;on. Donald K. Wilson, replied by letter to a recent, criticism by Jonn-.on of the Lrg-jon'." stand on proposed reorganization of 'the VA. Wilson declared :hr Legion conducts a confir.uing appraisal of veteran's neerts. P.i- challenged Johnson to sh->w ti".:ii the Hoover proposals \voi?;d bring better services at lower cos's. WASHINGTON' — i.tf»\ — President, Truman's civil rights proposals nre j opposed only by whit* supremacists and Communists. Secretary-treasurer .Tamrs B. Carey of t'no CIO said today. Carey addrr.-?eri a two-day learl- •ership conference on civil rights which onenrd yesterday under sponsorship r>f the CIO. AFT. and JNatioiiiil Association for the Ad! vancemr-r.t of Colored Peopie .|'N"AACPi- Delotratps from half a ;hundred national organizations are attending i Carry, who served on the Presi- Irier.:.'? ;5-merr;bPr Committee on i Civil R:;hts said its rep-sit v:as "re- ceived with acclaim by everyone in 1947 except two minority groups." "On the one hand," he said, "were the whit-c supremacists and friends of slavery who belong to the extreme right. On the other hand were the Communists who favor their own type of slavery." The labor leader said all groups at. ilir mr-eling oppose racial segregation snd economic and political inequality. He said delegates were assembled to "voice those decisions" in conference with members of Congress. A prime objective of the meeting | is to win support for proposed re- i vision of Senate rules to keep filibusters from stalling or killing civil rights legislation.
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