Extracted Article Text (OCR)
4 THE BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE. NEW YORK. SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 24. 1918. VACATION SPOT OF AMERICAN SOLDIERS Br0 Priest Leads Victory Day I 1 'I GREEKS OF ASIA MINOR SEND MISSION TO AMERICA I also the rulers of parts of Italy, and while enjoying the hot sulphur baths.
But now the season is over, Paris is no longer bombarded, and Aix-les-Bains is preparing for another year. The only customers who remain are the American soldiers, who furnish the joy and life cf the town. As at VCTr (Staff Correspondence of The Eagle.) Aix-les-Bains, October 10. THIS is the vacation spot of the American soldiers. It is located In tho foothills of the French Alps about midway between Lyons and Geneva, and is reached comfortably from Paris, as well as from the main army centers, bv the express trains nf the Paris.
Lyons and Mediterranean Hallway. Aix-les-Bains is one of the stops on the main express l'ne between Paris about $5,000,000 each year on publUj projects and charities. A Day of The attitude of the Turks toward Greek enterprise has, of course, been unfriendly. The Turks are by disposition a roving; people with no great interest In business or government. The divine law, as written down la.
and Italy, through Modune and Mont I toria was for a time an almost annua, Cenis Pass, Turin being the fir city I visitor at Aix-les-Bains, and so was on the other side of the mountains, the late king of Greece. George and As a recreation center Aix-Ies-llains I royalties, has traditions from the beginning of The late .1. Pierpont Morgan found the Christian Kra. Here the Unmans, I the cure at Aix-les-Bains so benen-who invaded Gaul under Julius e'al that he returned frequently, and Caesar, discovered a hot sulphur as a memorial he has left a fine mod-spring which poured forth hot medlcl-j crn hospital a gift to tho townnow nul water at the rate of about a mil-1 caring for American soldiers, lion gallons a day. As one of the i The Casino, where distinguished American rlouchhoys recently re-I personalties used to foregather, talk, marked, tho Romans "knew a good read, play baccarat, or listen to thing when they saw it," and here oporrs, has now been leased by the they built bathhouses in which thev I American Y.
M. C. A. American sol-recuperated from their campaigns, diers are admitted free of charge and either in the cold and rainy north or are encouraged to indulge in such during the "social season" at Home, i harmless pastimes as playing domi-Even today the baths at Aix-les-Bains noes, basketball, billiards, composing are recommended as a cure for rheu- I puzzle pictures, throwing bean bags, matism, gout, hardened arteries nnd attending moving pictures, stag other after-effects of high living. The dances, prayer meetings, song recitals baths are also beneficial for the after- i and local opera performances, to effects of trench life, and throughout which they are admitted at reduced the war French soldiers have come i prices.
They are also encouraged to here to recuperate. take excursions under Y. M. C. A.
The bathhouse, which is built of auspices to the neighboring hills or hite stone in pleasing design, is State to the interesting villages in tho vi-propcrty. Soldiers can use the baths cinity, and to read the specially free of charge provided they bring I selected list of American books their own towels, and the native in-! approved by the Y. M. C. which are habitants of Aix-les-Bains are accord- to be found in the Casino library, ed the same privilege.
Around about 1 Civilians are also admitted to the priv- P. J. Manton, now a Red Cross chap Fontainebkau, where they have sue the kings and their courts in he royal galleries, they have here succeeded the more modern royalty and the American millionaires, who former years flocked to Aix-les-Bains to recuperate, much as did the Ro- mans in ancient times. Queen Yic- a A nt the kll.lVC, PUI1I uy ll.v A. same prices as the French administration formerly charged, or by tickets good for tho day, costing two francs fifty centimes.
French and Italian officers are among the frequenters of the, Casino, mingling on fraternal terms with, the American privates, with whom they are able to converse either in French or in English. No American officers are supposed to come to Aix-les-Bains except when visits to the old historic part of Aix and to the neighboring gorges and across Lake Bourget, a mile and a half from Aix, or up the cogwheel! railroad to the top of Mount Revard, which dominates Aix to the east, the soldiers pay regular military On the lake the Y. M. C. A.
has leased one of the regular excursion boats, making a round trip with a landing at the Abbey of Hauteeombe. For this trip the boys pay four francs. A French company running a gasoline launch to the same place charges tho same rate for soldiers, and five francs for civilians. The Y. M.
C. A. carries with it a guide in Y. M. C.
A. uniform to explain, in English, the various sights. The Abbey of Hauteeombe, which fas founded by St. Bernard, Is tin burial place of the kings of Savoy, who ruled the neighborhood about Aix-les-Bains before it became definitely joined to France in 1S60. Prior to that time the kings of Savoy were When the news of the great American success In blotting out the St.
Mihiel salient reached England, there was great rejoicing among tho Americans there. Particularly among the wounded American soldiers, recuperating in the At Dartford Hospilal Red Cross Base Hospital No. 37) where there were great hospitals, was there rejoicing. 1,000 wounded Americans, it fell to the lot of a Brooklyn priest, Fatbr sights of the country for oneself without the aid of a guide, whose routine memorized harangues are often dull and frequently unintelligible. Occasionally the soldiers ride as far northeast as the Lake of- Anncey, visiting on the way the remarkable Gorges of Fier; which, in reality, arc-a deep slL cut into the rock by the grouped hotels of various grades, where the most luxurious tastes can find accommodations as well as those more moderate.
The price of a bath, a franc and a half, is the same to everyone. Special treatments, such as baths with local massage, the service of litter carriers, are natur. ally charged for extra. During the war the customary clientage, made up largely of foreigners from all parts of the world, has nat urally been much reduced. The mo- required for the local army adminis-bilization also cut down the staff of i tration, a rule which relieves the boys the baths, but at no time has the! of much of the tedious saluting re-establishment closed.
Several hotels quired elsewhere. have been turned into hospitals for! For the fair weather days there French soidlers. and refugees from I are numerous excursions under Y. M. the invaded parts of France and Eel-! c.
A. auspices, in which tho Ameri-gium have come here, as well as to ra soldiers are encouraged to take action of the river which serves axltraMnx centers where they are em an cutlet for tho lake. On Lake other similar resorts, to occupy thepart. For some of them, such as vacant hotel rooms and apartments. During the past season there have been more people at Aix-le3-Bains grottoes there is no charge.
When it than during any other since the warjcomcs, however, to such trips as that to this day King Victor Emanuel III owns a portion of the Abbey d'Haute-combe as a private summer his grandfather having retained it at the time Savoy was ceded to France in return for help In the establishment of the present Italian domain. The chapel, which dates from tho Twelfth Century, though requiring considerable "restoring" after the French Revolution, contains the tombs of the kings who ruled Savoy in the Middle Ages. The Abbey is picturesquely situated on tho west bank of the lake at the foot of the long range of hills sloping directly into the water. For the trip up the steep precipices of Mount Revard the American soldiers are accorded by the French railroad company a half rate of four francs, civilians paying eight francs fifty. The trains leave from the very center of Aix-les-Bains twice a day, either at 9 in the morning or 2 in the afternoon, and require about an hour and a half to climb the winding road up to the summit, which is about 5,000 feet above sea level.
On top of the hill there is a hotel and restaurant and also a small observatory with a telescope. From any point on top of the mountain one gets a magnificent view over the French Alps as far as Mt. Blanc, whose snowy summit dominates the horizon to the east. To the north one sees the Jura Mountains, while to the west a mountain range called Le Col du Chat Just cuts oft" a view into the Rhone Valley, which extends west as far as Lyons. At one's feet lies tho town of Aix-les-Bains, picturesque with its red roofs among the green foliage, and just beyond the narrow Lake Bourget presents a shimmering: surface, reflecting the Col du Chat, which runs parallel to it.
At the end of the valley to the south lies Chamber)', the ancient capital of Savoy, while toward the northeast one can see almost as far as Geneva. For the descent from Mt. Revard one can utilize either the railroad train, which slides down in about half the time it requires to go up, or one can return by various mountain paths winding at. a dizzying rate down the almost perpendlular face of the rock. At times the weather may be clear on top of the mountain, while a cloud beiow hides the view of Aix-les-Bains, and on tho way down the mountain one passes through a defil nite layer of what seems like a thick fog.
The hotel on the top of the mountain remains open the year round in order to accommodate lovers of winter sports who, on the rolling plateaux of the mountain top, find an ideal place for skiing and tobogganing. The number of excursions one can take from Aix-les-Bains as a center are almost innumerable. There are, within a radius of twenty-five or thirty miles, a great variety of mountain peaks which it is interesting to climb, each one of which gives a different aspect of the snow-clad Alps a little further to the east and south. Through the valleys run excellent macadamized roads for which Franco is famous, and the main automobile highway, which extends from the shores of Lake Geneva southward as far as Nice on the Mediterranean, passes through Aix-les-Bains, the shores of Lake Bourget toward Chambery. One of the favorite occupations of Ihe American soldiers while on vacation is to hire bicycles by the day or hour and go off on trips by themselves or in small groups.
Such excursions have all the charm of original adventure, enabling one to discover the evaded and the stuff could be sold for 30-odd cents a gallon. With the adultrants in it becomes a poison and may not, for that reason be useci tor drinking purposes, and still it is just as good as the pure grain for industrial purposes. Soldiers in France-How many soldiers are there in France? Also, Is there any special time on the expiration of which drafted men should return to this country? M. C. There are rully 2,000,000 American soldiers in France.
According to the newspapers these men will be sent home as fast as possible, but there are so many things to render tho situation difficult that to state even an approximate time limit Is not possible in all cases. One Dollar a Session. Do school Janitors in school buildings where draft boards meet get paid extra for their services to the board, and if so who pays them, the Government or the city authorities? M. P. H.
They are paid $1 extra for each meeting of the local board. They are paid by the Board of Education. I A inn Can you give me a good name for a school club to be composed of schoolgirls? KIM. You might take the name of your school, as the schooIsVow have names as well as numbers. You might take the name of a.
favorite teacher who may huve suggested tho club, or who hits been particularly helpful to you. V'ou might take the name of some prominent woman who has been helpful to women, as Jane Addams, or of someone In history or fiction, as "Tho Prlscilllas." A fanciful name might be taken, as "The Friendly Gossips." Or tho formal name, "The Afternoon Club." There are lots of names. Think up something. We Do Not Know. Two friends ask you to decide I which is right, A in saying that John I.
Rockefeller is worth billion, or in saying that he is not? Dr. M. H. We do not know how much ho Is worth, and it is very likely that it would take all tils time to keep track of the fluctuations In his wealth, owing to rapid changes In the prices of securities. It is often said that he Is worth a billion and he may be.
but no ono outside of his confidants- know and he may not know himself within I 00,000,000 or so. Making Mvln I'iclnrm, How are such pictures as the comic Mult and Jeff films Hindu for the movies? When nld the Germans take Alsace-Lorraine? fi, C. The pictures aro drnwn before the cnni'-ra by tho artist on separate I pages. Just a lltllo on each pnge. FRIENDLY mission which has come to this country In be-half of the unredeemed Greeks in Turkey Includes anion? its members Christos Vassall-kaki, member of the Greek Parliament, and N.
G. Kyriakides, a prominent shipowner and trader. Both of these nun have led busy lives in tha world of commerce r-nd politics. The havo lately interested themselves In the liberation of (le Greeks of Asia Minor because, as they say, they could not remain Indifferent observers of the sufferings and misery of their compatriots. Although Mr.
Vassallkxki is a member of the Greek Parliament from the Island of Lesbos, he ha lived part of his life in Symrna and Is well acquainted with the Greek people who live east of the Aegean. "In no district is the world struggle between autocracy and liberalism more clear-cut than between the Turks and the Greeks in Asia Minor," Mr, Vassalikaki recently declared In an Interview. "The Turks are the most brilliant examples in history of absolutism, imperial rule, and the doc trine that Might makes Right. The Greeks wero the world's earliest champions of democracy. The con flict in Asia Minor is a little replica of the larger combat between the Rule ol the People and the Rule of Kings, which has turned all of Europe into a bloody battleground.
"It is probably hard for Americans to realize the tragedy of the long slavery of the Asian Greeks," Mr. Vassalikaki continued. 1463 the Turks have made every effort to anni hilate them. In spite of Turkish ferocity tho Greeks have actually increased in numbers. Their vitality has been remarkable.
There are more than 2,000,000 of them living today in the peninsula of Asia Minor and the land's commerce and education aro very largely in their hands," Tho number of Greek schools, as Mr. Vassalikaki explained, has somewhat declined since the beginning of the war, but thousands of thom havo kept open notwithstanding the hostility of the Turk. According to the latest obtainable figures, the Greeks under tho Turkish yoke in Thrace and Asia Minor have 9,276 schools and churches with 10,025 teachers and priests and 276,100 pupils. They have also in their hands about 65 per cent, of the export trade. 70 per cent, of the import trade, 60 per cent, of manufacturing and industry, and 70 pel cent, of the banking business.
Tin most important hospitals, orphanages, libraries, clubs, and newspapers are run and supported by the Greeka Before the war they were spending tion might seem justified in cities like Paris, Tours or Chaumont, where the ground is level. For the trips Into the mountains about Aix-les-Bains, however, a spiked cane is almost a necessity. But a rule Is a rule when it comes from general headquarters, and the boys have to go without the pleasure ot a stick with which to "whack" things or to aid them in their climbs up the steep mountain sides. Tho local price of spiked canes has accordingly dropped, and tho supply cf them laid in by the dealers in anticipation or the needs of the boys remains intact. The old mountain guide who runs the observatory on tho top of Mt.
Itevard is having a sale his canes to civilians, cleaning them out at the rate of one franc and a half apiece, while the normal prijo for similar canes in 'he cities is at least two francs and a half. "The first day the American soldiers came hero I told neariv a-1 1 had, but then came Gen. Pershing's rule against carrying mes, and since then 1 have not been THE No Mail to Austria, Can I communicate by letter with friends in Austria? M. S. The Postofflce people tell us that mail service between this country and Austria has not been resumed.
Lowest Commissioned Officer. Will you kindly tell me in tho Questions Column whether the lowest commissioned officer in tho Engineering Corps of the United States Army is first or second lieutenant? P. K. C. Official ranks in tho Engineering Corps are the same as in other branches of the service and that of second lieutenant is the lowest commissioned office.
Sawdust. We are two small schoolgirls, 11 years of age, and we want you to tell us something. Is sawdust any good, I say that it is and that we should not waste it even if it does come out of a big doll. Will you please tell us if it is any good MAY and ALICE. It Is good to see such very young girls debating the value of something and saving a thing that does not, at a first thought, seem to be of value.
Sawdust is regarded as a waste at many sawmills, but it is really of much value. It may be made into paper, an acid known as oxalic acid, is made from it. It is used In packing. It is also used in smoking fish. Carbonized, it makes a better filter than ordinary charcoal.
Boxwood sawdust is used for cleaning Jewelry. Rosowood sawdust Is compressed into artificial ebony. Furriers use It for dressing skins. Even small frag, menls of some woods, such ns pencil cedar, are made to yield perfume. You probably can think up other uses for sawdust, among theni the stuffing In your big doll that suggested your little dispute and question.
"Tho Irrepressible Conflict." xinnr did the phraso "Irrepress ible conflict" READER. It was first used by William II. Reward of New York, In reference to slavery. In a speech at Rochester, N. In 1858, when the Republican party was taking shape, he dwelt on the nature of freedom and slavery, i und said: "It Is an Irrepressible con- filet between opposing and enduring: forces, and It means that tho United States must become either un entirely slavo holding nation or entirely a free-labor nation." Seward lived to, see the Hiiceesslul termination of the; war which ended slavery." SlnUliiR of TUtmiIitoxu, When wuk the Tleoiideroga sunk and where; was shn a M.
R. I Till' Tleoiideroga was formerly the Camilla lllekner, one of the German! nhlps tiiUen over by the government us a cargo ship, although she had the Koran, is the one code they sub III VJ, UlVir lllll fl tlBUUU lll Koran has been considerably different from that of the more Intelligent Arabs. There Is, In particular, one sentence In the Koran which. In Mr, Vassalikaki's opinion, has colored the whole thought of the Turks In their dealing with the Greeks. Unable to deny the vigor and vitality of the; Greeks, the prophet Mohammed gravely wrote down in the sacred Koran: "We have defeated the Greeks, but a time will come wb.eS they will defeat us also." It Is thai day of Greek triumph toward whldt all pious Turks have looked with ajw prehension.
In February, 1915, when they were told that a Greek army was ready to land In the Dardanelles, many Turks fled from Constantinople, thinking that the promised day of reckoning had come. With the Greeks It has been Just the reverse. Even In the dark days, when they had been defeated and utterly exhausted by the Turks, they did not lose their faith in the future rebirth of their nation. Secretly they taught their children to sing: "After some years this country will again belong to us." In 1774, Just one year before our own Revolutionary War, tho Greeks attempted their first revolt. It was put down and the Greek: spirit of independence waited until 1821 to try again.
In 1821 began the series of wars for freedom which won for Greece the admiration and assistance of tho larger powers of Europe. The literary men as well as the statesmen interested themselves in behalf of the struggling Hellenes. Among the more famous of them who wrote about Greek liberty or went to Greece to help fight were Chateaubriand, Byron, Victor Hugo, and Alfred da Vigny. In 1829, with part of the Greek lands restored, the Greek Government was set up once more. Greeks Aid ill Macedonia.
Today the hope of all the Greek people is to behold tho redemption of those Greek lands and people which were not saved from the Turk in- tho early part of the Nineteenth Century. In this hope, the Greeks of Ash Minor havo stubbornly held their ground in the face of massacres and persecutions which have largely reduced their numbers. They have been represented in tho Greek Army fighting on the Serbian and Macedonian fronts. The brilliant successes there have greatly heartened the Greeks, at tho same timo increasing tho doubt and gloom among the Turkish ranks. anle to sell any," complained the old.
feliow. In order to avoid 'overcharg'ng," the storekceperr about Aix-les-Bains have been obliged to post a list printed in French, English and, Italian, giving the prices of their articles, and the hotel proprietors aro rer quired to keep at the entrance a card giving the exact price of meals. This is an excellent provision, obviating disputes and attempts at trickery. The liquor dealers of the region are furthermore forbidden to sell to the American soldiers at any time anything stronger than wine or beer. How closely this rule is observed it is difficult to state with certainty, but the commanding officer of the roports that so far he has had on hia hands only three cases of intoxication which originated in tho vacation area.
How small this number is may bo appreciated when it is known that at tm.es there have been as many as 25,000 American soldiers on vacation within the Aix-les-Bains area. EAGLE some 259 United marines and artillery men aboard, 213 of whom wero lost. She was attacked In the evening of September 30 hy a very large submarine and was both shelled and torpedoed. The boats wero shelled after the vessel was sunk. The Ticonderoga was on her way to France at the timo and was about' 1,000 miles from shore.
She was of a convoy but had for some reason fallen behind tho other vessels. Sin Marino. Where is San Marino? Is Venezuela at war with Germany? How many British soldiers are there In France? C. C. W.
San Marino Is between the Provinces of Forti and Pesaro Urtino, on a spur of the Apennines, Italy. Venezuela was not one of the nations at war with Germany. We do not know how many British soldiers there are in France. Jig Saw Wood. Mrs.
II. E. P. You should be able to get the. wood at the lumber yards.
Consult the business telephone dt- rectory under tho head of lumber. A Change of Name. How shall I proceed to change my name; Is it expensive; would a savings bank charge for making the change on their books? A. Jt. tl.
Tho chanrve may he made by tin application to a Justice uf tho Supremo Court at nominal charge. Yuu. should be able lo satisfy the bunk, by showing the papers permitting you to use your new name. But consultation, with the bank will settle that The record of tho change nf nnmo with the Secretary of Slate ut. Albany Is an important step in the procedure, Tho i'ius.
Will you kindly tell me if there In such thing as "flag eltiniette?" I hellve 1 havo read In your paper and In other papers that the proper way to hang a ting from a window Is to have the field of blue In the upper right hnnd corner when tho Hag is hung vertically, and In the upper left hand corner when the flag fining horizontally. Recently, another Brooklyn paper published an article. In which it was ttuted that Ihe flag, rigardless of tho position In which It was hung, should always read "Stars and Stripes." Will yuu please tell me which is correct. V. It.
L. There Is no illit'ereneo hetwei The Eagle' and the other Brooklyn paper In this matter. The other paper means by the phra-ie "should read and Stripes" that however tho tbg hung, right way or wrong way, still it rhonld mean ion per rent, Amerlcuitliaii, Nut ii eiillmit Ion I'll pern. Two of our renders want to know about ci I I papers -ind bnln fin he niit-wercd In the mine Inrinn. Women, mm well mi men, are naliirm-Ized.
Final pnpci'H mfiy nut he liken out until the ii 'en nl bus been In thin country nt leni fl yenrs. 'fwu yuii-H muni ellipse nfler Ihe lii-m, papers have-' beiii taken out bofori 1 1 id llnnl papers may bo QUESTIONS ANSWERED BY lain, with the rank of captain, to lead in the celebration of what was promptly called "Victory Day." Capt. Manton distributed silk American flags, newspapers containing the glad tidings and, of course, the indispensable cigarette. He is seen in this Illustration supplying the boys with this 'ammunition" for the celebration. Capt.
Manton was formerly attached to the King's County Hospital. either singly or in grouos as the cluince may be. Though there is no daily roll call the soldiers are supposed to remain at the hotels to which they have been assigned, so that they can bo found in an emergency. When their time is up thotr papers are again stamped and they are sent off to tho various camps or When. Aix-les-Bains was first chosen as a vacation area the soldiers were supposed to pay for their own room and board, but this was found to be too expensive for ordinary privates having insurance and allotments to pay.
Even in the most moderately priced hotels the cost was not less than nine or ten francs per lay, while in the higher grade hoslel-rios the charge ran as high as sixteen or seventeen francs a day. even though several boys were put In th 'lime room and a simplified menu of food was served. The United States Government then arranged to pay the hotel expenses Cor the soldiers while on leave, according each hotel, no matter what its grade, a standard price of a dollar a day for food, and paying in addition for tho room a sum which varies iccording to the grade of the hotel. Thus, while on vacation, tho soldiers are enabled to use their savings for excursion trips and incidental expenses. The "ground rules" for the soldiers 'ire very simple.
The principal ones are that they must not take bicycles into the central city park or make a noise in the streets after 8:30, and not to carry canes. This last restrie- in Central Park. It waB this hoax that led to the use of the elephant as typical of the party of Union and Freedom. It was a conception of Thomas Nast. In Harper's Weekly, the paper to which Mr.
Nast was a weekly contributor, this cartoon first appeared in on November 7, 1874. It object was to impress upon the public mind the folly and danger of tho Democrats cry of "Caesarlsm" in regard to a third term for Grant. The caption of the cartoon was the following: "An ass, having upon a lion's skin, roamed about in the forest and amused himself by frightening the foolish animals he met In his wanderings." The Herald was represented by the ass in the lion's skin of Caesarism, frightening away the different animals. These animals were the variouse elements of the people and party. One was the Tribune, another the Democratic party, a third the elephant was taken to represent the Republican vote, not tho party but the vote.
In this same series of cartoons that followed Mr. Nast originated the Democratic donkey, the Tammany tiger, the party whip, etc. A remark of Mr. Roosevelt is responsible for the bull moose being attached to his party. TNT.
What was the date of the first registration day this fall; what is tho composition of TNT, the explosive K. A. B. The first registration day for votersil this fall was October 7. TNT is made by treating dlntrotoluol or mononl-trotoluol with moro nitric acid.
Para, an Ingredient of the latter, was for many years an excess product of the German dye makers. An outlet for its use was discovered with the invention of TNT. It originated in Germany. Mrs. II.
K. It Is a sad case. Tou might bring the matter to the attention of tho nearest police magistrate for his advice, or you might take It up with your pastor. The Gas Motor. M.
C. S. It will be well for you to ask the man who comes to read your gas meter how it should be done. Saluting the I las. There Is a great deal of talk of women saluting the flag, but I do not find anyone who can tell mo how they should do It.
Will you give me this Information OLD READER. Only those women who are In uniform are expected to saluto the linn; ns it, goes by, and then only when the flag Is preceded hy a military band, according to our local Red Crons, Women who are not In uniform should assume a respectful attitude, ntnndlng nt attention. Women In uniform salute Just as men In uniform snluto. necy th ore is a pretty little excursion stetmcr which makes a round trip several times a day, visiting en route the charming villages situated in the narrow space hetween the edge of the water and the steep mountain side. The variety in tho shape of the hills, the color of the water, the play of the clouds among the mountain tops, and the architecture of the summer hotels and villas contributes to makd a landscape of unusual charm.
In spite of the war restrictions on the use of gasoline there is still an ex cursion automobile which makes daily trips from Aix-les-Bains to the most Interesting neighboring townn, and for trips higher up into the. mountains there are automobllo stage coaches which carry mail and pes-sengers. Finally there is regular train service on the r. L. M.
line? to various poinfs within tho area to which the American soldiers on vacation are restricted. In their daily lives while on leave there is a minimum of regulations which 'he boys have to observe. When they arrive they have to show proper credentials proving their right to time off. They are then assigned by the Army officers to various hotels, The camera is then stopped a second for spacing and then another bit of picture is made, and so on, until the picture is complete. Tho Ger.
mans took possession of Alsace-Lorraine in 1871. Public Baths for Women. I want to know whore I can find a swimming tank for women. I know-that there is one connected with the Y. W.
C. A. in the Eastern District but is there one nearer to Columbia Heights? Mrs. K. M.
The only other one that we know of for women is at the Public Bath at Fourth ave. and President st. This bath is open for women all day Monday, Wednesday and Friday of each week. The. Bowditch Formula.
In answering a question concerning the visible horizon, you do not give the Bowditeh formula ns given by the Navy. I find a very material difference. The Navy gives it: d1.317 vx in feet. Which means, distance equals square root of height in feet multiplied by the constant 1.317. W.
B. II. The formula as given by us was furnished us direct by tho Bureau of Navigation, at Washington, In response to our request. It Is given again below for comparison with the above: d1.15 Vx (Bowditeh formula, distanco in nautical miles. xr-height of eye in foot.
Not an American nag. A man used a piece of red, white and blue striped bunting to wipe the paint off his hands and when remonstrated with for using the American flag for that purpose he replied that it was not the flag. Was he right? J.W. Yes. There nre Hags made of red, white and blue stripes, but tho American flag has not only the stripes made In certain proportions, and number, hut the stars as well arranged upon a blue field In certain proportions In a certain order.
No one should mistake such bunting for the American flag. Animals an Party Emblem. I am curious to know how the presonl day parties came to be represented by animals. Why tho donkey as an i tnlilem for the democrats and why the elephant should represent tho Republican party and why was the hull moose chosen to typify the defunct Progressive purty? SAM SLIM. A good many years ago, In the year 1874, all New York was startled to read In the New York Herald that the animals In tho menagerie had broken loose and were vanderlng the streets of the city.
Tlin talo was read with equal Interest In the cities of other Slates within 100 miles of New York where, tho papers of Ihe metropolis were circulated. Mothers became anxious as their children were on the streets and the story said Hint Ihe anlmnlH wero HcarchlUB for prey Degan mostly Parisians driven away by the bombardment early in the sea-1 son. At one time it was impossible to find a single room vacant. But from the point of view of local trade the Parisians, who are no bad I hands at skinning tourists themselves, are poor customers. They are not I such free spenders as the foreigners to which Aix-les-Bains has been accus- tomed.
A local jeweler complained I to me that his trade had been nearly i ruined by all kinds of rival business men from Paris, wno. when the long distance gun bfgan to boom, came down from the capital with their I pockets and suitcases filled with i watches, pearls, diamonds, and other trinkets, which they sold to their fellow bathers without paying rc.t for a store. He also asserted that there were coffee brokers and ordinary grocers who brought part of their stock with them in their trunks and sold thereof SOME Urgent quettions addressed to The Eagle Information Bureau will be answered by telephone call (6200 at any hour of the day or night, or 571 Main from 8 a.m. to requiring (will be antwered in this column on 3unciatB. All communications should he signed with name and address, i Legal and medical questions will i not be answered Flas for Railway Vessels.
I am anxious to know what flag it ran that Secretary cf the Treasury rcAdoo adopted some months V'as it a merchant flag? M. M. B. I You probably have in mind a flag adopted by the Railroad Administra-j tion a year or so ago. Mr.
McAdno is the Director General of the Commission. The flag was selected to fly 'iver vessels operated by he 'minis- sion in connection with Mv r. lways. There were of th" vessels, besides twenty-five thai were i owned by the railways. The Hag has the letters V.
S. R. A lie on a white field, with rod t- r. German War l'rt-mi' r. I have had a dispute a friend over the maticr of compensations of German war prisoners in this country.
He says that, we do not pay German ollieers any more than the Germans paid our officers. What are the facts? B. M. 11. Originally the United States paid the German prisoners held In this country, In accordance with the regulations laid down at The Hague Conferences, but as the Germans failed to pay our captured officers, negotiations wero taken up with Germany early this year and were made public on June 20.
The United Slates bail been talking the matter over with Germany, through neutral channels for a year. But as we could get no satisfaction, nor rven a reply, to our proposals, payment to the few German officers held in this country wan stopped oh December IS, 1917. lii January this year Germany submit-i ted a counter proposal- which the' United States nccopted, but Germany I did not nnswer the acceptance. This made it for this country to withhold payments In Germans until such time as our oIllcerM were pain. Under the ruling of the United Stales Treasury Department, July IS, 1918, Atner'cnn Army ollleeis and ne'ii ro entitled to their full pay and all allow- nnces, Including all Mllntiiiiiitri.
while prisoners of war by the enemy. A Busy Mother -Tim drug stores! ell exteriiiliuiturs for the various! kinds of insects and vermin that houses. Eternal vigilance, however, is the best remedy. Music Publishers. Where can I send some verses to he set to music? For years I have read the Questions in The Eagle and have found them most interesting and instructive.
E. C- R- Music publishers have lists of composers who might do the work for you. You will find the names of music publishers listed in the Business Telephone Directory for New York City. A Border Dispute. In a discussion with a friend he says that our States have not always been free from discord over border lines end he instances one between the Slates of Michigan and Ohio.
What was that dispute, if there was one. D. D. There have been numerous border disputes between the States. was one between New York and Connecticut, and the Mason Dixon line was surveyed to settle a dispute between Pennsylvania and Maryland in Colonial days.
The dispute between Michigan anil Ohio, which was amicably settled, -ose over a boundary dispute and also over a strip of land to which both laid claim. A conven tion held at Detroit in 1 S35 formed a constitution by which Michigan claimed the tract. For a while there was danger of bloodshed, but it "blew over." In June, 1830, Congress passed an act admitting Michigan Into the Union on condition that she relinquish her claim to the disputed tract. In consideration of which another tract was given her known us "The Upper Peninsula." These conditions were rejected by one convention but accepted by another held in 1830, and in January, 1 S37. Michigan waa admitted to the Union.
Denatured Alcohol. I tried to buy some denatured alcohol In the Bedford section last Saturday. I went to a hardware store and to two drug stores. At each placo I was told that denatured alcohol was woud alcohol with bcnr.ine added and that therefore, there was no reason why one should not take wood alcohol instead of Ihe denatured. They smiled when I insislerl that denatured alcohol was grain alcohol and not wood alcohol.
I may bo wrong and they may lie right, but why would anyone want to denature wood alcohol. According to C. W. Koonan who are largo dealers In such stuff, denatured alcohol Is composed of 9 5 per coin, urutn, 4 Vi per cent, wood uleiiliol and Vj of 1 per cent, benzine. The reason Is a commercial one.
Before the war grain alcohol, which hud lo pay a very heavy Government tax, wnsH sold for a gallon. By adulterating It evn us slightly ns 5 per us In making what Is called denatured alcohol, that tax was.
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