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Dally Times Herald EDITORIALS Friday, November 10, 1967 Unhealthy Job The presidency of the United States has been called the toughest job in the world. In terms of life expectancy, the vital statistics of the presidents seem to bear this out. There have been 28 presidents who died a natural death. They lived an average of 70.7 years, or an average of 1.5 years less than their normal expectancy at their inaugurations, says Metropolitan Life. Yet if we go by these figures alone, it's harder on life expectancy to be a vice president or even an unsuccessful candidate for president. The 28 presidents lived about three-tenths of a year longer than the average years lived by the 24 deceased vice presidents, and about six-tenths of a year longer than 40 deceased unsuccessful candidates. However, if the four presidents who have been assassinated are included and assassination, unfortunately, has to be considered one of the hazards of the office), average presidential length of life is reduced to 68.5 years, or 3.6 years below expectancy at inauguration. A statistical case can also be made that the burdens of the office have increased in modern times. The 15 presidents from Washington to Buchanan lived an average of 74.2 years, or about 1.3 years longer than their expectancies. But the 13 presidents following Lincoln who died natural deaths lived an average of only 66.6 years, or nearly five years less than expected. Again, if the four assassinated presidents (all of whom held office after 1860) are included, the average duration of life goes down to 63.4 years, or almost eight years less than expected. Vice presidents, on the other hand, have been living longer since Lincoln's time (72.2 years) than before it (67.4 years). The record for presidential hardihood is held jointly by John Adams and Herbert Hoover, both of whom lived to see 90. Adams lived about 16 years beyond his normal expectancy; Hoover, 17. The shortest-lived presidents were John F. Kennedy, who died at 46, and James A. Garfield who died at 49, both at the hands of assassins. Squeeze Play President Johnson has asked the American people to write to their congressmen in support of his 10 per cent income tax surcharge. Fine and dandy. It's just too bad the people didn't put a little pressure on the President himself about a year ago to sponsor some disciplinary fiscal measures when the first signs of our present fast-pacing inflation appeared. But then, most people believed that's why we have a President and 435 congressmen, who are paid nice salaries and given other fringe benefits — supposedly to look out for the interests of the nation and handle certain responsibilities for us. Be that as it may, either Congress increases the income tax or Americans will pay even more next year in the tax of inflation, warns the President. And unlike his proposed tax, inflation will strike everyone, including lower-income families who would be exempted from the tax increase. The President is right, of course. The trouble is, he's only partly right. Even with the added tax, we will still wind up fiscal 1968 with the largest peacetime budget deficit in history. No tax or economy measure— short of something drastic like calling, off the Vietnam war and slashing defense expenditures —can make more than a dent in that deficit. Thus we may very well have both the tax tax and the inflation tax next year, whatever we do. If this worries you, think of the President. He's up for re-election in 1968. Just A Gimmick More and more television stations are getting into the poll-taking act. These phone-in polls are meaningless at best. They are meaningless because they ignore the basic requirement of an opinion survey — that it include a representative cross-section of the public. The announced results do not indicate how many people participated nor what their religious, ethnic, political, income, professional or age groupings were. 'Neither do they make provisions for the "don't knows" and "don't cares." There is nothing to prevent a person from "voting" twice or any number of times. There is nothing to prevent some minority pressure group, with a vital interest in a particular issue, from deluging a station with calls, thus making it appear that more people think a certain way than is actually the case. Television opinion polls create a lot of viewer interest, of course. And that is the whole point. According to Marshal McLuhan, the modern prophet of communications, the medium is the message. We are not persuaded. It appears to us that the gimmick is the message, just as it has always been. "Set 'em Up in the Other Alley! The Doctor Says X, Washington Notebook Hanoi, Jungle Hide Identity of Viet Cong's Real Boss By Bruce Biossat WASHINGTON (NEA) Insurgent Cubans had their Fidel Castro, Algerians their Ben Bella, Indonesians their Sukar- no. But, the fondest friends of the Viet Cong National Liberation Front in Vietnam cannot produce even the shadow of a hero. The truth is that not even the most diligent observers and scholars can be entirely sure who the leaders of the NLF really are. Among the 1 a t e s t to probe are Rodger Swearingen and Hammond Rolph of the University of Southern California, who have done a documentary study for the American Bar Association on the subject, "Communism in Vietnam." The authors ask this question: "Why this strange obscurity in the leadership of a movement to which so much is attributed — a movement which is looked upon by its adherents as the vanguard of the anti-imperialistic struggle, and which so many consider the culmination of the national revolution of the Vietnamese people?" Their chief answer is that the peculiarly shadowy nature of the higher level leadership, "is probably one indication of the tightness of control by North Vietnam, whose leaders may wish .to make certain that no strong and attractive figure arises in the south who might at some time or another take an embarrassingly independent posture." Many U.S. critics of Presi- d e n t Johnson's Vietnam policies like to insist that the NLF is properly representative of the South Vietnamese people's legitimate aspirations .and hence must be dealt with firsthand in any negotiated settlement. Unfortunately for their case, they have never been able to furnish convincing evidence that it represents anything but Hanoi. Even the late Bernard Fall, a Vietnam scholar from whom the critics occasionally took comfort, saw the NLF as a very fragile false front. Fall dismissed the visible spokesmen for the front as "hardly of the caliber" to constitute a government ready to take over the Saigon regime at the first sign of disintegration. Swearingen and Rolph's inquiries lead them to the same The Mature Parent Children Grow Up in Goodby Series By Muriel Lawrence DEAR MRS. LAWRENCE: Our 16-year-old girl has had her brown hair bleached and dyed a strawberry blond that makes her look like a hussy. What has upset her father and me is that she had it done secretly so that we couldn't forbid it. I've tried to explain that it's the influence of all these TV commercials about hair dye. But my husband feels that her disregard of us could be the beginning of more dangerous rebellion . . . ANSWER: You're torturing yourselves, you know, by applying the word "rebellion" to the child's decision to change her hair color. Sure you are. Your choice of this word is torturing you with its threat of Lord knows how many other imaginary de- fiances, future rebellions including anything from illegitimate babies to experiments with LSD. Whereas the actuality is that your child has used this change of hair color, not to defy you, but to declare her hope of someday soon taking control of all her-own decisions, of her own life. Good gracious, you don't want <to spend the rest of your .lives making decisions for her, do you? Now let me propose that your "upset" feelings all really boil down to one feeling — sadness. For us, children's adolescence is primarily a time of sadness. It's filled with a million little "good-bys" to us that we don't recognize. Our 16-year-old daughter, instead of consulting us on a change of hair color, says "good-by" to old dependence on our supportive approval. Instead of joining us for a family birthday dinner, our teen-aged son takes his girl to a drive-in movie. What occurs to us is a sadness piled up and up by those million little "good-bys" which are preparing us for the final BIG GOOD-BY between us and the children we love. It's awfully important to name our feeling accurately. Otherwise, we're only too apt to misjudge it as irritation and resentment. There's nothing to do about our sadness. We can't move time backwards to the precious lost days of their childhoods when we served as substitutes for God Almighty. But at least we can know we wish we could and are sad because we can't. conclusion: "Although Hanoi has selected some suitable non-Communist figures to form the central committee of the NLF and to head its numerous functional groups, these persons not only have no real power, but they are also largely unknown or obscure persons as far as the Vietnamese public is concerned. "No prestigious figure in South Vietnam, no matter how strongly in opposition to the Saigon government, has gone into the jungle with the NLF." The ostensible chairman of the NLF is Nguyen Huu Tho, who in 1947 took part in some futile negotiations to end the earlier Indochina war involving the French. Professor Fall had little regard for him, and the two Southern California scholars brand him a "nondescript Saigon leftist lawyer" who has carried on mostly "decorative duties" since the NLF's founding. Some 12 of the 15 members of the NLF's presidium are styled as non-Communists, but Swearingen and Rolph say the evidence indicates all 12 have long histories of pro-Red front activities and several may actually be party members. In any event, there are three openly known Communist party members. Somewhere in this varied assortment of obscure types is the real leader of the NLF. The authors make their own guesses on the basis of the available evidence. They suggest he is probably one Tran Nam Trung, head of the NLF military committee, and likely "one and the same person" with Lt. Gen. Tran Van Tra of the North Vietnamese regular army. But the operative point is that, whether he or some other is the man, the true leader is not now nor is he ever likely to be a charismatic hero to the whole South Vietnamese people or even just the Viet Cong themselves. Daily Times Herald Dally other 11 by pany. 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Except Sundays and Holidays than February 22, November The Herald Publishing Com- JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAKER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2. 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Ofl'icial Paper of and City County Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL CarroU Counts and AH Adjoining Counties, per year $13.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year _ _..,$16.00 All Other Mail in the United Slates, per year __?20.UO Alcohol, Barbiturates Dangerous Combination (I.usl of Thr™ Uolnfnd Article*) Q — I have heard that death may be caused by a combination of alcohol and barbiturates. Is this because, when intoxicated, a person is likely to take an overdose of barbiturate? What about taking muscle relaxants after drinking? A — Although the worst results of taking barbiturates after drinking are due to taking an overdose, the combination is always dangerous be- use both drugs are nervous cause both drugs are nervous system depressants and the alcohol more than doubles the depressant action of the barbiturate. Some muscle relaxants contain barbiturates and others are liver poisons, just as is alcohol. All of them, like alcohol, are depressants. Therefore, although little is known specifically about their effect when combined with alcohol I would advise that they be used with great caution, if at all, when you have had a few drinks. . Q — What is neuritis? How long does it last? What kind of doctor is best for it? By Dr. W. G. Erandstadt A — This is an inflammation of one or more nerves. It may be caused by poisoning with lead, arsenic, alcohol and other chemicals; such infections as diphtheria, leprosy, German measles, typhus and typhoid; pressure on the nerve by a tumor; injury; poor circulation or a vitamin B deficiency. How long it would last depends on the cause and how promptly corrective measures are applied. A nerve specialist would be able either lo help you or prevent your wasting time and money following false leads. Q — My husband has had pol- yneuritis for nine months. It has paralyzed his arms and legs and he has constant pain. Is there any cure? A — There are several types of polyneuritis — acute febrile, anemic and Guillain-Barre's syndrome, to name three. The treatment would depend on the cause. Q - My brother, 35, has a motor neuron disease for which there is no cure. Are there any dos or don'ts that could slow the progress of this disease? A — Diseases that affect the motor nerves (various forms of neuritis and polyneuritis) result in weakness, paralysis and wasting of the muscles supplied by the involved nerves. If your brother has a type for which there is no cure, there is little to be done but, before you give up hope, you might consult the nearest rehabilitation center. Polly's Pointers Finds Easy Way to Display Flag Remember Way Back When Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Maurice Dunn Post No. 7 of the American Legion has announced plans to burn the mortgage on the Legion Building at the annual Veterans' Day joint potluck supper of the Legion and Auxiliary which will be held at 6:30 p.m. Monday in the Legion Hall. . Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Readers of the Carroll Daily Times Herald will see a different service feature beginning today. A column entitled "Spotlight on Agriculture" written by Herb Plambeck . . . will be provided. J Nineteen Fifty-Seven— LANESBORO — Members of the Grandmothers' Club met Thursday a f t e r n o o n at the home of Mrs. Edith Peters at Lake City. Mrs. Howard Twogood was elected president and Mrs. Chester Twogood was reelected secretary-treasurer . . . Mrs. Pauline Strickland was received as a new member. Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Thirty-two turkeys will be awarded by Carroll retailers on the two Saturdays preceding Thanksgiving, Nov. 16 and Nov. 23. Special feature . . . will be a "turkey chase" for boys and girls ... up to and including eighth grade. By Polly Cramer We, like many others, did not display our flag as often as we should and only because it was hard to put up. Now I have it on a discarded window shade roller. I put the closed- end bracket farthest from the porch steps so it slips in easily and I can put the slot in the other bracket while standing on the top porch step. No more having to carry a stepladder. If the shade roller does not work, it is no problem to roll the flag on by hand. An old broomstick would also do nicely, with nails in the ends to fit into brackets. An eye screw is useful for one end so the flag can be hung up for storing rather than folded away in a drawer. Some paper picnic plates can be very soft and tippy, so I always give each person two plates of this kind. After the first plate is used and it is time for dessert, simply have everyone switch the bottom plate to the top and have clean ones without the confusions of giving each guest a second one. There is still the convenienced of extra support. — MYRTLE POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — Some baby clothes I had loaned to a friend were returned smelling like cigarette smoke. Neither my husband nor I smoke so they really smell bad to us. I want to pack these clothes away but not with this smell in them. What will take it out? - MRS. W. DEAR POLLY — My husband must have all his meat broiled and often he will be the only one in the family having it cooked that way. Rather than use the family-size broiler which has to be washed, I have contrived a small one. I use aluminum pie pans or any other disposable aluminum pans that frozen things have Woman's World Walk a Mile for Soup Cig? When so many public schools were limping along during the teachers' strikes, I thought about a talk I had with Christian Kaiser when we were vacationing in Michigan this summer. He said then, "Do you realize that you are standing here talking with one of the vanishing Americans, the country schoolteacher? Why, I go back to when the village square was a place and not a person." Kaiser, who taught in a farming community near Mount Clemens, Mich., is perhaps typical of this kind of vanishing American, sometimes called The Compleat Teacher. He not only taught all eight grades, but supervised ball games and was a hewer of wood and drawer of water. The s c h o o Ps guidance counselor was teacher Kaiser and, in his -spare time, he led the choir and played the organ in the church across the road. Last summer we stood in his garden and talked about more education and better education. During his first years as a teacher the eight grades of school were all the formal education an area child would get. They went back to the farm then or to the factories in Detroit. Perhaps the days seemed not By Betty Canary so hurried as now but the teacher had a sense of expediency; knowing these eight years were all he had before the child took up a man's work. I discovered when parents in New York were filling in for teachers in the classrooms, the parents around St. Peter's school were busy also. They were planning a party in honor of the 40 years service teacher Kaiser had given their community and I was sent an invitation. I could not attend but I telephoned my congratulations. I asked him what he thought of parents having to babysit in classrooms while teachers picketed, but he put me off. "There's another word definition for you," he said. "Remember, I said I taught that charity meant a virtue and not an organization. We didn't have the word 'baby sitter.' We called it 'mother.'" I asked if parents and teachers seemed to have the problems they do now and he said, "Not so many." I wish I had asked him about •the word "respect." I know that definition has not changed and I've an idea it might be the key why teachers, principals, parents and children had, when Kaiser ran his school, "not so many" problems. come in. Put foil over the top of the pan and stretch tight. Prick holes in the foil with a fork so the grease can run down into this disposable pan. Throw it away and no messy broiler to wash. Sometimes these pans can be washed and used several times. With a bit of soaking they require little real scrubbing. — JEANETTE DEAR POLLY — We recently bought a new station wagon and as my husband uses it for delivering, he lined the tail gate and floor with that new inside-outside carpeting. This certainly keeps the floor from getting scratched up. - MRS.. H. J. H. POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY - Recently I dyed a white rug royal blue and, after washing it the first time, I laid it on top of my dryer. The dryer is white except for 'the big blue stain the rug left. I have tried cleansers and the stain still remains. Can someone please tell me how to remove this? — MERLA JO POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY - The no-iron shirt I bought my husband for his birthday came from the store with a few wrinkles in it. I have tried every way I can think of to remove these wrinkles and to no avail, so please ask if someone can help a faithful reader. — BLANCHE DEAR POLLY - If Linda's old perculator is glass, she could use it as a fish bowl. A metal one can be sprayed with nontoxic gold paint and used as an ice bucket, a watering pot for flowers or a hanging flower planter. — MRS. E. S. I. DEAR POLLY — The lady with the worn out percolator can paint it, add a decal and use it for a flower pot. I did this with an old tea kettle and it was most effective. The inside basket can be used for a toy in the children's sand box or used in the kitchen to strain gi-oase. — MRS. D. R.