I35B 69th Year No. 32 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, MARCH 10, 1959 Facts Phont PY 3-3221 TWO Sections 5 Cents ROCKET SPACE SHIP TAKEN ALOFT Defense Conies First Says Eisenhower Feels Military Budget Adequate; Joint Chiefs Approved Package WASHINGTON (UPI> — President Eisenhower told Republican congressional leaders today that he puts national defense above a balanced budget but feels that his new military budget is "adequate' to defend the nation. The President's view was re layed by Sen. Leverett Salton stall (R-Mass.i who said after Eisenhower's weekly meeting with GOP leaders: "He puts the defense of our country above budget requirements. The defense of our country comes first and will always come first in the minds of the administration." This obviously was in reply to Democratic charges that the Pres ident is more concerned with a balanced budget than in providing an "adequate" defense. Saltonstall and House GOP Leader Charles A. HaMeck said the overall military spending program is adequate even though the chiefs of the military' services bad expressed reservations. Answers Democrats Taking note of Democratic criticisms that the United States should not cut ground forces during the Berlin crisis, Halleck said: "The over-all package for armed defense of the country was approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff." Halleck said the President probably would make known at his news conference Wednesday his position on proposed cuts- in the Army and Marine personnel. The Defense Department, meanwhile, announced that the radar' warning line across the top of the continent will be extended across Greenland at a cost of more than 27 million dollars. The line, built to give warning of a bomber attack, now runs from the Aleutian Islands, around Alaska and across Canada to eastern Baffin Island. The President's fiscal 1960 mil itary budget calls for an outlay of nearly 41 billion dollars. Must Protect Economy "Whenever you spend more than that," Halleck told reporters "you don't strengthen the defenses but you weaken the country" by the effect on the economy. Halleck said each military service naturally wants more money| but added they all agreed on what he called the "size of the pie." He and Saltonstall called Eisen hower one of the greatest military experts and said the President ought to know if the defense bud get is adequate. "I sincerely trust some recent statements don't lead people around the world to believe that our defenses are inadequate/ Halleck' said. "They are adequate." Some Democrats have challenged Eisenhower's judgment on the adequacy of the defenses that would be provided under the new- military budget Halleck did not reply directly when asked if his statements meant that the President would stand fast and resist additions to his military budget. He reiterated Eisenhower's feeling that defense provisions were sufficient to defend the country. Lemus Visits U.S. WASHINGTON UPI — President Jose Maria Lemus of El Salvador arrives in Washington today for a three-day state visit. Iraq Revolt Put Down, Mobs Roam In Baghdad BAGHDAD, Iraq (UPI) — Angry demonstrators roamed the streets of Baghdad today shouting anti-Nasser slogans and demanding arms to defend the "eternal democratic republic." Iraqi authorities had announced that all was quiet in the northern city of Mosul, where the anti Kassem mutiny broke out over the week end. They said also that it was quiet in "ever}' other part of the nation." Tonight, the military governor- general announced a curfew was being imposed on Mosul from 7 p.m. t» 6 a.m. The curfew before the mutiny was from 1 to 5 a.m. Baghdad radio reiterated that the Mosul mutiny had been crushed and its leader. Col.»Abdel Wahab Shawaf, killed. In the aftermath of this, demonstrators in Baghdad turned their full fury on United Arab Republic President Gamal Abdel Nasser. The demonstrations were some of the most intensive anti-Nasser outbursts anywhere in the Arab world. The demonstrators, shaking sticks and ropes, screamed, "give us arms:" They cheered President Abdel Karim Kassem and urged him to "arm the homeguard peoples army." U.S. Dismisses Khrushchev Offer As Meaningless WASHINGTON <UPI> - The United States today dismissed as meaningless Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's offer to let some allied troops remain in West Berlin if it became a free city as proposed by the Russians. State Department Spokesman Lincoln White said this offer aYid other so-called concessions made by the Russian leader in recent statements are "simply saying the same thing over in different terms." White said all of Khrushchev's recent "suggestions are a variant of the original one" made by Russia in its note of Nov. ?7. At that time Khrushchev urged the western allies to pull their forces out of West Berlin by May 27 and permit it to. become a "demilitarized free city." The Russians also said that in any event they proposed to turn their sector of East Berlin over to the German Communists and force the allies to deal with the local Reds for access to the Communist-encircled allied sector. Liner Queen Mary Delayed 17 Hours By Storm NEW YORK (UPI) — The liner Queen Mary arrived 17 hours late Monday night on its Atlantic crossing due to heavy seas and gale winds. Capt. Andrew Mac Kellar said the ship got off lightly with minor damage reported to its superstructure. "No crockery was broken," he reported. The Mary's sister ship, th? Queen Elizabeth, suffered its worst crossing in many years last week when $6,000 worth of dishes was smashed as the ship rolled in heavy seas. Secretary Robbed BURBANK i UPI >—Police today sought two robbers who took $1.000 from Mrs. Mary E. Hughes, [secretary at the Osborne Neighborhood Church, as she was en route to a bank. Mrs. Hughes told police one of the bandits brandished a revolver Monday and that after she gave them $330 in cash and S732 in checks from church collections they fled in a car. Hawaii State Bill Cleared For House Vote WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Hawaii statehood bill took a giant step toward final congressional approval today by clearing the House Rules Committee. Committee action on the measure to make the Pacific island territory the 50th state cleared it for House floor action. The Rules Committee had been considered the major roadblock to quick passage. Democratic Leader John W. McCormack iMass.) said the bill will be brought before the House Wednesday. It is considered to have a good chance of Senate passage Wednesday. To Strip Highways Div. Power Introduced SACRAMENTO < UPI >—Bills to strip the Division of Highways ol much of its power to plan and build highways and freeways were introduced Monday in the Senate Sen. James A. Cobey <D Merced i introduced a bill which would put the control of state highway spending in the hands of the Legislature instead of the Highway Commission. Another bill by Sen. Edwin J. Regan (D-Weavervillei would-give cities and counties the right to make the final decision on any- state highway construction which would cut off any city street or county road. "For a long time I have thought the Division of Highways should be under the budgetary control oi the Legislature," Cobey sa i d. "The legislative counsel says that is what this bill will do." The Constitution provides that state gas tax funds must go for construction of highways. Under- his bill, Cobey said, these funds "would not go automatically" to the Highway Commission and "the Legislature would decide how they would be allocated." Weather LOS ANGELES 'LTD Noon forecast as prepared by the U.S. Weather Bureau: Skies will be mostly sunny, in Southern California this afternoon and Wednesday, but there will be some high clouds. Coastal fog will be limited to the south coastal <=trip tonight and Wednesday. High pressure is developing in Nevada and Utah and should result in strong, gusty north to northeast winds through Wednesday. Some cooling will occur in the deserts and mountains this afternoon. San Bernardino Valley: Sunny Wednesday. Gusty north to north* east winds tonight and Wednesday. Highs today near 73. A little warmer Wednesday. March 10, 1959 Highest 85, Lowest 46 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 6:05 a.m. — 5:52 p.m. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 62, Lowest 36 Subpena Bridges WASHINGTON (UPI) — The House Committee on Un-American Activities said today it has sub- penaed union chief Harry Bridges to appear at a March 24 committee hearing here. President Faces Prospect Of Shaking Up Command WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Eisenhower faces the prospect of shaking up his military high command as well as finding a new defense secretary in the explosive months ahead. Terms of office are running out for the Joint Chiefs of Staff who will march before the Senate preparedness subcommittee this week for a Berlin crisis. The fact their terms are expiring could be an important backdrop for their testimony and govern how dramatically they may- want to express their reservations about the President's defense budget. By mid-A u g u s t Eisenhower must replace or reappoint all the four chiefs who are responsible for planning major military strategy and directing the big combat commands. Defense Secretary Neil H. McElroy, who himself plans to leave his post by Dec. 31 barring a grave emergency, already has indicated there will be changes in the joint chiefs. That calls for decisions fairly soon to pave the way for other shifts that come with a shakeup at the top. If Eisenhower should decide to reappoint the entire slate because of world conditions, he presumably would announce that soon to end speculation and disrupting Pentagon guessing games. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, 57. chief of staff of the Army, which seems to have most complaint? about the defense budget; let it be known informally Monday that |Jie expected to retire on June 30 The second member of the joint chiefs winding up a second two year term is Adm. Arlcigh A Burke, chief of naval operations Aug. 17. Gen. Nathan F. Twining, 61. chairman of the joint chiefs, is expected to be reappointed if he wants to continue in the post. Gen. Thomas D. White. 57, Air Force chief, also is expected to be reappointed. Twining and White end their first two-year terms on Aug. 15 and July 1 respectively. It has been customary to reappoint military chiefs to second terms in recent years. Senate Leaders May Back South Water Plan Burns, Cobey Will Go For It If Gov. Brown Asks Them To SACRAMENTO (UPI) — Two leaders in the Senate said today they would back the South's water plan if Gov. Edmund G. Brown asked them to. Sen. Hugh M. Burns (D-Fresno), president pro tempore of the Senate, said, "If the governor agrees with it, I can agree with the governor and I will support it." Sen. James A. Cobey <D- Merced i, a northern water leader who long has opposed a constitutional amendment on water, said, "If a simple constitutional amendment validating state water contracts is all we need to make peace with Southern California, then I'm all for it." Southern water leaders presented their program to Brown Monday. One said 3rown confided that he planned to sound 'out northern opinion on the plan and announce his full program March 18 when he returns from Washington, D.C. Caucus Action Recalled The southern caucus of legislators met last week and agreed to ask Brown to include these points in his water program: A constitutional amendment validating water contracts; a big bond issue expected to be about 950 million dollars to get the Feather River Project in full- speed construction; and earmarking of the state investment fund made up of tidelands oil royalties and now containing about 160 million dollars, for water project construction. Burns said he did not plan to handle Brown's water bills in the Senate himself "because I want our water leaders who have worked so long on this to handle it." He mentioned Sens. Cobey, Stephen P. Teale (D-West Point), J. Howard Williams (R - Porterville) a'-.J Edwin J. Regan <D- Weaverville). Whichever of them handles the water program, "I will give them all the help I can to put over the governor's water program," Burns said. Cobey said he also could go along with earmarking the investment fund by statute and a bond issue of 950 million dollars. Brown already backs the use of the investment fund for water construction. He also has said that he has not shut the door on the possibility he will ask for a constitutional amendment and that the size of a bond issue for water project construction apparently is not at issue. Assemblyman Carley Porter <D- Comptoni said Brown was pleased to hear of the southern agreement on a water stand. Brown explained that he would leave for Washington next Friday night and be there until the following Tuesday testifying on San Luis Reservoir bills in Congress, Porter said, with Brown stating that he would not announce his amended water program until then. Brown's original plan announced to the Legislature called for 38 million dollars to continue work on the FRP from both ends at the same time. First Lady Loses 5 Lbs. WASHINGTON <UPH-Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower lost five pounds during her three weeks at Elizabeth's Maine Chance resort near Phoenix, Ariz.* The rested, smiling First Lady- gave reporters the statistic when she returned home late Monday aboard the Columbine III. The President did not meet her at the airport, but sent their son, Maj. John Eisenhower, and two military aides. Mrs. Eisenhower said she chiefly "just had a good rest—that's what I rosily needed." Near Miss With Airliner BURLINGTON. Iowa (UPI) — A pilot for the Atomic Energy Commission has reported a near collision with a Trans World Airlines Constellation while flying near Bradford. Pa., according to Federal Aviation Agency officials. Federal officials said Monday night the pilot, flying an Air Force C54 leased to the AEC, told them he was en route from Boston to Burlington when he came within 100 feet of a head-on crash with the TWA craft. • Reports indicated neither plane was damaged, and both took evasive action. UNDER MOTHER'S WING—Attached to a pylon under the .wing of a B-52 jet Strato- fortress, the X-15 high-altitude research aircraft is in position to be carried to drop altitude. Top and bottom photos show front and rear views respectively. The rocket ship—first to try to put a man into space for a short interval—will be fueled with nitrogen and liquid oxygen through quick disconnect lines in the carrying frame. Two TV cameras on board the B-52 mother ship will observe the X-15 and its pilot leading up to the drop. The X-15 will be loosed at about 38,000 feet, where its own powerful rockets will take over. The piloted missile is designed eventually to reach an altitude of 100 miles or more. Preliminary tests at low altitude are scheduled for this month. Berlin Crisis Summit Meet In July. August United Press International The United States, Britain and France are planning for an East- West foreign ministers conference in Geneva by mid-May to be followed by a summit conference in July or August on the Berlin crisis, diplomatic sources said today in Paris. UPI Diplomatic correspondent Elie Maissi reported the allied plans for East-West meetings were being worked out by a group of experts, cooperating closely with West Germany, in reply to Russia's March 2 note-asking for such talks. Reports of the western plans came as British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan met in Paris today with President Charles dc Gaulle in hopes of bringing their differing viewpoints more closely into line. Informed sources said Macmillan already had mended much of the split in Franco-British ranks over their approach to the Berlin crisis. Rickover Wins Promotion WASHINGTON <UPI) — The Senate today confirmed the promotion of Rear Adm. Hyman G. Rickoveft the Navy's nuclear submarine expert, to the rank of vice admiral. It also approved the promotion to full admiral of Vice Adm. Robert L. Dennison, former naval aide to President Truman. Governor Friend Of Rock And Roll Fans LOS ANGELES. (UPI) — Gov. Edmund G. Brown assured rock and roll fans today they have a friend in Sacramento. "I confess that I am not devoted to rock and roll music," Brown said in a speech before the Los Angeles Examiner Youth Forum, "but you can count on me to defend your right to like it. "It doesn't worry me at all that you like different music, different books and different records thap the people of my generation." the governor said. "Your parents probably fell in love dancing to Glenn Miller or Tommy Dorscy but that is no reason why you have to like those orchestras and buy their records." New Call For Nuclear Test Ban Treaty GENEVA <UPI> —The United States and Britain today called for a nuclear test ban treaty that would last indefinitely but they reserved the right to withdraw at any time they believed the agreement was not being adequately controlled. Russian delegation sources at the three-power nuclear conference promptly'tormed the Anglo-American proDOsal "completely unsatisfactory." They charged It would give "any nation the opportunity to resume nuclear testing on the slightest pretext." The U.S.-British offer was sub milted to. the Soviets at a one- hour meeting of the Geneva Nuclear Conference. Extension Of Jobless Pay Program Discussed WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Eisenhower and Republican congressional leaders today dis cussed Democratic proposals to extend the jobless pay program for another year, but reached no conclusions. House Republican Leader Charles A. Halleck (Ind.) told newsmen the discussions still are in a preliminary stage. He refused to say what stand the administration would take, but said it was "hoped, within limits, that it ian extension) can be kept temporary." Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell sat in on the weekly White House legislative meeting. He has suggested that the administration send Congress a plan of its own rather than merely oppose the Democratic proposal for a one- year extension beyond April 1. Halleck said there was no discussion of an alternate plan Mitchell is said to favor —that Congress enact minimum federal standards on the amounts and duration of jobless pay provided under the state-operated programs. Secret Session In Kennedy Case WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Senate Rackets Committee met in a lengthy secret session today to find out who tried to influence .chief counsel Robert F. Kennedy with offers of political aid for his brother. The meeting was still in progress at noon. Brown's FEPC Bill Cut To Ribbons By Senate Group SACRAMENTO (UPI) — Gov. Edmund G. Brown's bill to establish a fair employment practices commission was cut up in committee Monday until one witness said "No FEPC bill would be better than what you are coming up wiih." The Senate Labor Committee chaired by Sen. Robert I. Montgomery (D-Hanford) met for 4!i hours to hear and reject a half- dozen amendments and accept! two. The first amendment accepted was introduced by Sen. Stephen Teale (D-West Point) to eliminate the $13,500 - a - year salaries for the proposed five member commission. Farm group representatives took up the majority of the hearing time with requests that farm workers be excluded from the FEPC jurisdiction. "Conflicts do exist among some nationalities employed in agriculture" said Robert Hanley of the California Farm Bureau Federation. "A farmer in exercising judgment in hiring only Mexicans or only Filipinos is keeping trouble down by nqt mixing groups, but under this bill he could be accused of discrimination." Montgomery then introduced an amendment to "exempt agriculture workers domiciled and fed on the land on which they are employed from FEPC jurisdiction." The amendment carried and opponents said this would eliminate "just about all the agriculture workers in the state from FEPC protection." "No FEPC bill is better than the one you are coming up with" said Father. Don McDonnell California director of the National Catholic Rural Life Conference. "You say Mexicans and Filipinos can't get along on a farm so why not eliminate them from FEPC protection in industry. If they can't get along on the farm, then they can't get along in industry." "In fact," Father McDonnell said, "why not eliminate everyone from FEPC protection. You are eliminating farm laborers and what's right for one worker is right for all." Pilot Rides In Plane Under Wing Of B52 First Test For XI5 Which Will Venture Above Atmosphere EDWARDS AFB, Calif. UPI)— America's space-probing manned rocket ship X15 was taken aloft for the first time today in a "captive" test with a pilot strapped inside the cockpit. The dart-shaped research airplane was carried high over the Mojave Desert, about 65 miles northeast of Los Angeles, by a "mother ship" B52 bomber at 9:50 a.m. p.s.t. to begin a long series of steps toward mankind's venture above the earth's atmosphere. The X15 was returned to earth in one hour and nine minutes with all controls checked out perfectly. In the initial flight, the X15 was nestled without rocket fuel but with test pilot Scott Crossfield aboard under .the giant sweptback wing of the modified carrying plane. The little rocket vehicle,, thus, did not fly by itself on the first aerial outing. In Snug Cockpit Crossfield, 37, civilian engineer for North American Aviation, wore his specially designed crash helmet and silvery space suit for the test eventually expected to take pilots at 4,500 miles an hour up to 100 miles into space. He sat in the snug cockpit just back of the needle nose. The 50- foot long craft was slung under the B52's right wing and attached with inter-com and other connections to determine operational hazards when both are flying together. Crossficld's mission also was to break loose —if necessary —from the mother Stratofort in event the multimillion dollar space vehicle should have to land by itself on the dry lake bed of Edwards Air Force Base. . The X15. often referred to as part airplane and part space ship but more like a man-controlled missile in appearance, is the first of three similar craft being readied to attempt the space assault The total research program will cost about 123 million dollars to investigate in relatively brief forays how humans and heat-resistant vehicles fare beyond the known environment. Glide tests of the X15 are to follow within a matter of weeks if all goes well, according to North American builders of the airship. Crossficld's job is to complete these by casting loose from the B52 without fuel but with ballast to make powerless "deadstick" landings on the desert. Later, possibly late this month, the test pilot is to make the first power flights in the X15. After these tests, a powerful 60.000-pound thrust rocket engine will be installed and the advanced research program will be taken over by pilots for the Air Force, the Navy and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Russians On Moon In Two Years Predicted NEW YORK (UPI> —A Columbia University astrophysicist said today that the first man may land on the moon within two years— and he'll probably be a Russian. Dr. Lloyd MoUr, associate professor of astronomy, said he believes the Russians could have hit the moon with their Lunik satellite. And he said he does not believe the launching of the United States' Pioneer IV sun satellite last week puts us in "the same league" with Russian space explorers. The energy required to launch the Russian satellite was more than 100 times greater," Motz said. "Our finer instruments cannot make up for such a vast difference in power." He said the Russian Lunik apparently was intended to orbit the sun, since its fourth stage rocket was not fired until it was within the gravitational field of the moon. Mercury To Be Visible Today SAN DIEGO (UPI) — Mercury will be visible to San Diegans just before sunset today, according to astronomer Rudolph Lippert of the University of San Diego. » Lippert said that because of the planet's nearness to the sun, it seldom could be viewed without special equipment. He said the red-colored planet would be about one degree left of the moon.
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