The Weather Cloudy, cold, low tonight 12-20. Friday, cold, snow likely. High, 42; low, 25; noon, 37. River —4.38 feet. Relative humidity —74 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXIIL—NO. 44 f ftit s*rto-Af v/inphoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1952 International News Seme* 22 Pages 5 CENTS Union Shop Urged For Railroads Prober Hits Treasury In Tax Scandal Two More Revenue Bureau Officials Indicted For Fraud WASHINGTON—(#)—A Congressional committee and the Treasury Department clashed openly and bitterly today over twin investigations of Internal Revenue Bureau tax scandals. Rep. King (D-Calif) said his subcommittee digging into tax affairs has "clear evidence" the Treasury called a sudden hearing in New York Monday to stifle his group's investigation there, set lor mid- March, x King issued a sharply worded statement in San Francisco, where his subcommittee is making an on- the-spot investigation of Internal Revenue affairs in that area, saying the Treasury broke an agreement by ordering the New York hearing. He also said certain documents I whisked out of New York and away from treasury officials involved "persons of national importance' . and they would remain in the safekeeping of the House sergeant a arms "pending further clarification of the situation." His statement contradicted assertions made yesterday by Secretary of tlie Treasury Snyder and Tax Commissioner John B. Dunlap. In a sudden new coast-to-coas flareup: 1. Frank Scofield, veteran Internal Revenue collector for South Texas, resigned yesterday. Officials here said he was asked to resign; his wife said he quit voluntarily. He was the seventh of. the nation's 64 regional tax collectors to leave office No School Today,-Building Leaves With Tornado in less than a year. In all, 166 tax employes were fired or ousted last year, 60 for dishonesty. 2. Theodore J. Nawmann, deputy collector at Mlnot, N. D., was ousted for alleged irregularities. Later he was arrested on charges of converting tax collections to his own use. 3. John A. Malone, suspended assistant chief of the income tax division of the San Francisco office, was indicted on a charge of conspiring to defraud the government. 4. Chairman McClellan <D-Ark) of the Senate Expenditures Committee which is considering the president's plan U. reorganize the tax bureau, putting all except the top commissioner under civil service, said he was against the civil service angle—a major part of the plan. Ridgway, Joy In Conference TOKYO—(/P)—Gen. Matthew B. Rldgway and Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, chief U.N. Armistice negotiator, met with two high level officials from Washington today in a Tokyo conference that touched on the Korean truce talks. Gen, John E. Hull, Army vice chief of staff, and U. Alexis Johnson, deputy assistant Secretary of State for the Far East, arrived by plane yesterday. • Their arrival, coupled with Joy's return from Korea, touched ofl speculation that they might take a hand in the lagging truce negotia- iions. This is the scene students were • confronted with this morning when they arrived at the little red school house in Adamsville, Ala. Their desks and books *were there, but no school and no teacher. A tornado ripped through parts of the south last night, leaving in its path numerous injured and one dead. Power Sought For Truman's Cleanup Man President Will Ask Congress To Give Right Of Subpoena WASHINGTON— (/P) —President Truman said today he will ask Congress to give Newbold Morris, his government cleanup man, power o subpoena people and documents. Morris, 50-year-old New York at. was picked on February 1 to :ake command of the probe into tax scandals. He said his first job win be to investigate Attorney ieneral McGrath's Justice Department. The department has been under fire from some Congress members on the grounds that it did not press prosecutions in cases ot wrong-doing. Truman said at his news conference he had conferred with Morris *bout the' latter's plans and announced in a statement: "Intend to see to it that Mr. Morris has access to all information he needs that is in the possession of the executive branch, and the authority to examine and require icstlmony of all officers and cm- iloyes of the executive branch." The statement also said: "In many cases where government employes have been subject to outside influence, the most essential evidence is not in government hands." The power to subpoena persons and documents would give Morris some of the powers of a grand jury. This power however, would fall short of actual returning an indictment—that is, formally charging a crime. His findings still would have to be acted upon by a grand iury. Hotel Workers Get Wage Hike WASHINGTON— Wage Stabilization Board is expected to approve today a 10 percent pay increase for 4,110 workers at 21 hotels here. The increase was approved yesterday by the board's Review and Appeals Committee. Involved are workers in the Capital's biggest hotels. British To Pilot US Jet Fighters WASHINGTON — (/P)—Western defense soon will be bolstered by Canadian - built Sabrejet fighters equipped with TJ. S. engines and flown by British Royal Air Force pilots. Air Force Secretary Thomas K. Finletter yetserday announced a three-nation agreement to bringJBaiuHl Gels 810,889 this about. Finletter said the planes will strengthen North Atlantic Treaty forces under Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Number of planes was not disclosed but officials said they would run into the hundreds. So far. Canada and the United Tornadoes Leave Path Of Wreckage In South BIRMINGHAM, Ala.—(£>)—Tornadoes tossed destruction into four states last night, leaving two persons known dead, about 80 injured and untold property damage. Funnel-shaped winds pounced from black and boiling skies in Tennessee, Alabama, Missouri and Arkansas. Hailstorms poured damaging pellets on Mississippi and other states. Mrs. Mamie Dotson, 45, was fatally injured and three of her children hurt, one seriously, when a tornado hedge - hopped a zig - zag path through Decherd, Tenn., 80 miles southeast of Nashville. At least 32 others were injured at becherd and an estimated 75 homes were damaged. Four cars of a sidetracked freight train were blown off the tracks. The toll in North Alabama was one dead and 27 Injured. Numerous nouses in rural communities were wrecked. The winds ripped buildings apart and wrapped heavy metal telephone cables around trees. Hail as big as baseballs was reported. A panic-stricken man leaped from a car into the funnel of a tornado near Adamsville, Ala. and. was hurled away into the night. He was reported found later, not badly hurt. The heaviest damage apparently was inflicted in a northwest Alabama area beginning in the mountains near Birmingham and extending toward Fayette. Ala., 75 miles away. Eleven members of two families were injured near Adamsville. John G. Bradley Sr. saw his son's four-room concrete block residence blown from its foundation and bounced across a members of the yard, family Seven inside escaped with cuts and bruises. Chief of Police Lee Baker of Manila. Ark., saw the twister hover above the ground for several minutes before dipping to the earth. "It was a tornado, as black and noisey as they come," he said. Tornadoes also hedge - hopped across two middle Tennessee areas, damaging farm buildings and snapping power lines in the Najnville At Decher, 30 persons were hospitalized and about 75 homes destroyed or damaged. HST Not Sure About Running For President C3 Eisenhower Urged By More To Come Home For Campaign WASHINGTON —(/P)— President Truman said today the question of whether to run for reelection confronts him with a difficult decision. e He told a news conference he is not yet ready to make any announcement, and that when he does it will not be made through any third person. It was the first time in many months that the President has indicated there was any indecision in his mind about the matter. Nearly a year ago he said he had made up his mind but was noti ready to announce what he would do. s Today's statement spurred speculation that he had meant he had made up his mind what he would do under certain circumstances. The President would not say what questions he is debating that are causing the difficulty. On the Republican side, there were signs that some backers of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for the GOP nomination are beginning to doubt he will get it unless he re- Reds Present New Prisoner Exchange Plan Communists Open Up With Attacks Across All Front MXJNSAN, Korea— (£•)—Communist truce negotiators presented a ( new prisoner exchange plan today incorporating some Allied ideas but' clinging to their own demand for forced repatriation. ' The Allies repeatedly have said' they won't turn a single prisoner' back to the Reds against his will.! The Communists have another! new plan. It was drafted for the I :inal clause of a Korean armistice.. It will be unveiled Saturday before a full dress session of truce nego- f jiators. The meeting was set for 10 a. m. (8 p. m. Friday EST). Originally the Communists suggested a three-point recommenda- ;ion for a high-level post-armistice conference: (1) Withdrawal of all 'oreign troops from Korea; (2) settlement of the Korean question. The U.N. agreed in principle to the first two, but balked at discussing problems other than those directly connected, with the Korean War. The Reds offered to submit a new proposal. Thursday they said it was •eady. The Saturday meeting was iet when Allied spokesmen said •he IT.N. delegation would be unable to meet earlier. Col. George Hickman said he had not had time to read carefully the A Valentine Heart From Daddy nine point Red prisoner exchange plan, but on . several - points the iommunists had "come to our own joint of view." While holding out against voluntary repatriation the Communists did agree to let Red Cross earns operate in prisoner of war ;amps after an armistice is signed. Staff officers discussing truce su- >ervision made little progress. A TJ.N. spokesman said some minoi differences were ironed out. ommie Troops Jab Across All Of Front SEOUL, Korea — iff) — Communist' troops jabbed at advance Allied positions all across Korea nday, hitting with a beefed-up company, at one point on the western front. Stormy skies restricted the air war. But F-86 Sabre Jets flying cover for fighter-bombers damaged one of 30 Communist jets which '(Continued on Page S, Col. 4) Fatal Airline Crash Blamed On Propellers ELIZABETH, N. J. — <IF\ — The Civil Aeronautics Board today indicated that trouble in the right propellers caused the crash of the National Airlines plane here Monday that took 32 lives. The announcement was made at a news conference called by the ______ ___ __ CAB, which usually does not make turns to the "united States and!P ublic anv findings until its in- enters into an active political role.! : vestigation is concluded. There was a question of this view I Joseph O. Fluet, chief investi- The increase is to be retroactive States alone have used the Sabre- to September 21, 1951. jet. in a statement by Senator Morse (R-Ore) today that Eisenhower should consider it "much more" important to be elected president than •o remain in Europe as commander of the North Atlantic defense forces. Morse, who is backing Eisenhower for the Republican presidential nomination, indicated he believes the general should come home and NEW HAVEN, Conn.-OT-A lone >uncn a vlgorous camp aig n for top' place on the party ticket. gator, said the stricken plane "suffered loss of power on the right side which could have caused a yaw to the right and loss of flying speed." Fluet said the propeller blades on the right inboard engine of the four-engine plane were in full reverse position; on the right outboard engine the blades were feathered. He explained that propellers normally are reversed only to create a braking action during the landing bandit walked into a branch bank near the Yale Bowl yesterday,; forced a teller to fill his briefcase with currency, and escaped with;Gas Strike Ends $10,889. Two employes and one -us-! tomer were in the branch of the' NEWARK, N. J. —(/P)— Gasoline! in charge of operations .for National New Haven Savings Bank at the dealers in New Jersey reopened j Airlines, said that as a precau- roll of a plane on a runway, never used in flight. In his little hand a "Purple Heart Medal, symbol of sacrifices in the cause of freedom, Lawrence Allen Metcalfe, 1%-year-old son of Mrs. Mary Ann Metcalfe, of Johnstown, Pa., sleeps peacefully at his home there. To him this heart will mean more than any heart he may receive today on Valentine's Day. His father, T-Sgt. William A. Metcalfe, was killed last month fighting in Korea. Traffic Ticket Fixed By Blood MANILA—(/P)—Any red blooded Filipino can get a traffic ticket fixed in Manila. All he has to do is see Ray Higgins at City Hall. Higgins leads the violator to a pretty nurse who extracts a pint of blood for Filipino war wounded. Then Higgins tears up the ticket. B&O Cleared Of FraudIn Federal Loan Symington Reporls Charges Unjustified After Investigation WASHINGTON — (if) — The Reconstruction Finance Corporation today closed its books on charges of fraud and collusion in an 80- million dollar RFC loan to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, finding them "not justified." RFC Administrator Stuart Symington said the lending agency had accepted a recommendation to that effect from a special investigator. There was no immediate indication that Congress would reopen an investigation into the loan —made in 1944 and hotly disputed in the courts, Congress, the Interstate Commerce Commission and the RFC. But Senator Tobey fR-NH), chief Congressional critic of the transaction, disagreed .sharply with conclusions of the RFC and Syming- :on's special investigator. Joseph C. Smith Jr. Tobey had charged in a one-man minority report of a senate investigating subcommittee released la.st year, that the loan was fraudulent, collusive and illegal. He said yesterday when the report was released "I spoke the truth." The 1944 loan actually was a purchase by the RFC of 80 million dollars in B & O bonds. the RFC extended an In effect, old loan which the railroad said it jnable to pay off. Symington said the B&O should repay the loan as soon as possible. The railroad already has paid back five million dollars more than legal Steelworkers Policy Group Sets Meeting Pittsburgh Scene Of Session To Plan Strike Or Contract NEW YORK —(/P) —Top policy makers of the CIO United Steelworkers will meet in Pittsburgh February 21—either to prepare for a nationwide steel strike after February 23 or to extend the current truce period in order to reach contract agreement. Philip Murray, president of the CIO and of the Steelworkers, said yesterday the 36-man executive board and its 170-man wage policy committee will meet in the Steel City next Thursday. The strike is set tentatively for midnight February 23. Both the New York Times and the New York Herald Tribune said today the meeting was to decide on the length of truce extension In order to effect a peaceful settlement in the steel contract dispute. Neither newspaper gave ji.s source. The February 23 strike date is the expiration time of a 45-day deadline set by the union at its Atlantic City, N. J., convention January 3 and 4. The union, in acceding to President Truman's request for added arbitration, figured the 45-day truce started with the beginning of wage stabilisation board hearings nere January 10. The WSB panel is scheduled to conclude Its union - management learings this Saturday. During yesterday's hearing, Muray berated Bradford B. Smith, a 'J. S. Steel Corporation economist, 'or calling the steel workers "economic royalist 1 ;." Smith used the term while argu- ng against a union demand for a guaranteed annual wage, which he called a socialistic notion. Board Backs Checkoff In Riding Today Emergency Panel Decision Advocates Industry To Accede WASHINGTON— (#) —A presidential emergency board recommended today that the nation'* railroads accept a demand by non- operating workers for a union shop clause in their contracts. The board also approved a union demand for a mandatory dues checkoff provision. The union shop is a form of compulsory unionism. It requires all employes to belong to a union and maintain dues payments. A worker becoming delinquent on his dues must be fired. The dues checkoff requirement would mean that union dues would, be deducted by the railroads from workers' pay checks. The board acted in a dispute between the railroads and 17 unions representing all rail workers who are not employed on moving trains. The three man panel held that the union shop is "now a common technique in labor contracts in. American industry generally." The board said a government survey showed over 70 per cent of workers now covered by labor agreements have the union shop. The board's finding is discretionary with the railroads. They do not lave to accept the union shop. But board member told reporters major railroads have never rejected an emergency board's recommenda- ,ions. Members are David Cole, widely cnown labor mediator and arbitra- ;or; George E. Osborne, Stanford. University law professor, and Aaron Horvitz, New York labor consultant, tole was a member of the 1949 government board which recommended worker pensions in the steel industry. The case is regarded as one of the most important in years. If the union shop arrangement is granted by the railroad industry, officials believe it would aid its spread in other industries. The same issue is before the Wage Stabilteation Board in a half dozen important cases, including the steel industry wage dispute. If the group rules against the union demand, however, it would be a considerable set-back in the union drive to have the provision generally accepted as part of labor contracts. An estimated 800,000 out of a million non-operating rail workers affected by the case already belong to labor organizations. So the union shop would give the rail unions about 200,000 additional members. An employer would be compelled to fire any worker dropping out of the union or failing to pay his dues. Legion Urges Tighter UMT WASHINGTON—MV-The American Legion today urged Congress to tighten "civilian control" over Universal Military Training. "One sure wny of killing any Universal Military Training program is to make its cost so burdensome that the people and the congress will not support it," Donald R. Wilson, Red with rage, Murray called ! Lc Bion national commander told the Smith's statement "the most rep-1 Senate Armed Services Committee. It is requirements of $400.000 a year. Erwin J. Kershaw, vice president No Coronation On TV (Continued on Page 5, Col. 4) \ Before Wilson and other witnesses ]began a final day of public hearings, Chairman Russell (D-Ga) of the Senate Committee forecast Congressional passage of the bill ;, a " POW Photographer Sends More Pictures, needed to start training of i8-yea.r- TOKYO— tfP) —Frank (Pappy) j old youths. Noel, Associated Press photograph- j Both Russell and Wilson noted er captured by the Communists in; that Congress overwhelmingly ap- time. the Korean' Wax, .is on a tour ol! proved la.st year the principles of prison camps in North Korea taking j UMT and the pending bill could put pictures of other prisoners. ! the program into operation this NEW YORK—W—The National Noel's third batch of photos, re-Iyear. j Broadcasting Company has decided ceived in Tokyo today, was taken I "It's no longer a question of Thousands Of Britons Wait To Pa Last Homae To Kin their stations today, ending a two-|tionary measure the airline tern-.against an attempt to telecast the inside Red Prison Camp No. I at;whether we shall have UMT," Wilday statewide strike called to ac- ; porarily disengaged the reversing ; coronatj j on O f Q UCCn Elizabeth to'changson, near the Yalu River bor- : son said. "It's a'question of what cent demands for state legislation j feature of the propellers on all its ! viewers in this country. idcr 30 miles northeast of Sinuiju. jkind of UMT." that would fix the price of gas. | DC6s early today. j __________ _ _. _ • LONDON—(/P)—The little town of Windsor boarded up the windows along its narrow main street against the expected crowds. —Twenty-five thousand Britons patiently lined up in cold and slush outside Westminster Hall to pass In homage before the flag-draped, jewel-topped coffin. —The elder brother reportedly asked his queen-niece for permission to stand honor guard beside the body of the man • ho filled the throne he gave away. Thus Britain today made final preparations to bury King George VI. It was the last of three clays' lying-in-state in the cold stone hall of Westminster. Tomorrow morning the body will be taken to Windsor Castle for burial beside many of his predecessors on the British throne. The Duke of Windsor—ex-King Edward VIII. who left the throne for love of an American divorcee. 'was in an unprecedented historical ! situation. He is the first king of England to i attend the funeral of the man who succeeded him on the throne. Unconfirmed reports in London said he suggested to his mother thai, he be allowed to stand a turn as honor guard. Queen Mary. 84- year-old widow and mother of sovereigns, reportedly sent him to her granddaughter, the new Queen Elizabeth, to seek the permission only the sovereign could grant. ; If Elizabeth approves. Windsor and his only remaining brother, the Duke of Gloucester; along with the Queen's husband, the Dr.ke of Edinburgh, reportedly would stand a ceremonial 20-minute guard alongside the coffin later today. George V's sons stood such a guard at his lying-in-state. Today was the last lay for Britons to pay formal homage to the sovereign who, since his death eight ; days ago. they have dubbed "George ; the Good." 1 In the first two days. 185,902 'walked past the bier. . At Windsor, a short distance west iof London, the mile-long route from the little railway station where the body will arrive to the grey walls of hill-topping Windsor Castle where . it will be taken, was being draped in the biack and royal purple of mourning. The boarded windows showed- shopkeepers rememherc-d the crowds, ! who were pushed through the glass during the funeral of George V in 1936. The funeral also was a source of profit to some. Window space along the procession route was being sold .at prices from one guinea ($2.94) to more than five guineas ($14.70). Even the Vicar of Windsor's parish church of St. John the Baptist was charging spectators a guinea iacn to swell a fund for restoring his church. Bride-To-Be Leaves Note, Ring On Pillow rgy Furnishing Power For OAK RIDGE, Tenn.—i/Pi—Atomic) energy is heating a house here and ! lighting electric lamps in Idaho, 1 Lights ^7 PITTSBURGH— IIP)— Plans for a "Lois, this is Ed. I want you to both by peaceful power. Valentine Day wedding went awry know I love you. I am worried and ' And 1( in the not-too-distant, fu- ' today becayse the pretty bridc-to- upset and your mother is near allure," energy from atoms in atomic be has disappeared after leaving a note to her fiance and her engage- nervous breakdown x x x I'm wor- ovens may replace the TVA electric ried. too, Lois, and want you to get: power system. Dr. Alvin M. Wcin- ment ring pinned to a pillow. She in touch with us—even if you don't;berg, research director of the Oak said she just couldn't go through want to get married." IRidge National Laboratory, said ; with the ceremony. Mrs. William N. Weiland said her ' today. ' Edward Henry Weigner, of Chi-(daughter disappeared Tuesday whilel in fact, "we have to make atomic' cago, waited in a hotel room for 1 on a shopping trip. She declared!energy work" to produce useful some word of his fiancee—pretty j Lois "simply vanished into thin airfjbarnessed power or civilization will: Lois Ethlyn Weiland. 23. j after getting out of the family! suffer because of dwindling coal: The Valentine Day wedding|automobile, !supplies, he said. i scheduled for tonight was to cUmaxi Weigner said a note to him read: Dr. Weinherg gave the hopeful a romance of tall people which be-| "I told you the other evening I news and the warning during a tour gan at a convention of tall people'siwas tempted to leave. I am sorry. Ijwhen newsmen were shown the Oak clubs last year in St. Louis. 'know I will hurt, you but better now Ridge atomic oven, the nation's first Weigner. a strapping 6 foot 5 in-;while the dar.-.age can be repaired.[big atomic reactor, and other newly- surance engineer, made a radio ap-!Please forgive me but I just can't bared secrets at this huge atomic '. peal last night urging his 5 foot 11; go through with it. God bless you. '. research center. j fiancee to return. In an appearance!Remember, all things happen for; The tour was sponsored by the: over Station KQV he pleaded: jthe test." !Atomic Energy Commission ants Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Company which operates the laboratory. Dr. XVeinberg's report: 1. The house has been heated for four years by winds that, cool the Oak Ritice over.. The hot air is carried off through filters and through concrete ducts nnci then up a 200- foot .smokestack. 2. The lights were lit, by electricity generated by the atomic reactor at Arco, Idaho. The heat, from .splitting atoms was used to make st.esm to run a generator. 3. About 200 million dollars ha.vft been spent so far on ovens designed to create electric power. So far the public, has gotten only a "measly ICO kilowatts o' electricity, running a few lights a few tl?y.s at Arco." 4. Rut. the prospects for rcaliy useful power are looking up. One hope is a new kind of oven, the homogeneous reactor. In these, the uranium is dissolved in a liquor isoup, not, used as rods ot metal in- ia great block of graphite. ! 5. It. is "no longer really a question of whether we c;in make atomic .energy work this wny. We have to make it work." He cited figures indicating that con! prp.vcrvcs would be exhausted in : 468 years at, present rates of use. and ,usage is going up." | But it is estimated 'hat we have in uranium 100 tuner, the energy in our re; crves of ro?il. B. Atomic energy may solve the problem in a wholly different way. Radioactive carbon, made at Oak 'Ridge, is a main tool in attempts to solve photosynthesis, the process ^by which plants tur nine sim's rays into energy and food. ''If artificial photosynthesis can he achieved on an economic basis, then the neotl even for atomic .er.crtry could difsrwcir."
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