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Sunday, January 15, 1978 Uklah Dally JournaU Uklah, Callf .-rS W4 CONSTRUCTION SITE — The steam plant at Masonite, the square building in the middle, will soon have a new addition. The company is building a new boiler that will be "waste-fired" — it will run on redwood bark and sawdust mstead of natural -gas. The clouds of steam, so noticeable in the valley, rise from the stacks at left. STORAGE YARD — The conveyor belts move the wood chips, essential to the production of hardboard, from the storage piles to the plant, above. The chips are exploded to separated the wood fiber necessary for panelmaking. Twenty-five years ago, whole logs were ground into chips, but that proved too expensive. Now all chips are waste products from nearby sawmills. Masonite process CHIPS — A trailer full of wood chips is lifted off the ground and its load deposited on a conveyor belt system. The chips are stored in giant piles (visible from the freeway) until they are needed in the plant. A plant spokesman said there is little danger of the chips catching fire because they are 50 percent water. The chips come from nearby sawmills. HARDBOARD PRESS — The heart of the Ukiah Masonite plant is the row of giant presses. They squeeze soggy slabs of wood fiber six.inches thick into hard, one-half inch thick panels. The presses operate at 550 degrees and 1,500 pounds per square in6h pressure, — Journal photos by Harris. « (Cont'd from Page 1) A treatment plant cleans all the water used in the plant before it is returned to the Russian River. The steani, which is seen in ever-present clouds rising from the plant, is clean and dissolves in the atmosphere. There is particulate matter pollution, created mostly by tiny sawdust particles, but this has been steadily reduced over the years with the use of a sa\ydust collection system that runs throughout the plant. While the hardboard plant Is the .biggest Masonite investment in "the area, the company's Western Lumber Division operates the Galpella and Cloyerdale sawmills. The Calpella mill was purchased from i.he. Thrasher Lumber Co. in 1969, and the Qoverdale mill from MoUalia Forest Products in 1970. Masonite owns 119,000 acres of timber land in Mendocino to supply the mills. While the mills provide a reliable source ' of chips for the hardboard plant, they also produce raw or "dimension" lumber such as two-by-fours. When the Ukiah plant first .opened in 1950, whole logs were actually ground into chips, but that became too expensive within a few years. Now all the chips used are waste products. Masonite's Laurel, Miss, plant has been producing hardboard since 1929. But with the post-World War II housing boom, hardboard sales took off and a new plant was needed. In 1949, Masonite bought 50,000 acres of timberland from the Southern Pacific Land Co. in western Mendocino County and chose Ukiah for its plant location. The railroad, the river and the abundence of sawmills in the area were the prime reasons for the choice, Artman explained. Roy Wagner, who retired in 1975 as a vice president of the' Western Lumber Division, came to Ukiah in 1949 to help begin Ukiah operations. He remembers the effect thp new plant had on the towgff^ "When I first came here, the town had a population of about 4,000. By late 1950, when the [dant began producing, the towh had grown to nearly 8,000 people. "We had more than 1,000 people workjing at the hardboard plant when it began. But the plant contributed to the town's growth in other aneas: construction, trucking and service industries, like machine tools and bearings." It is interesting to note that while the plant has doubled in production in 25 years, it has halved the number of em- lidoyees. Artman said this was because the chipper operation, which ground whole logs ito chips, was a "labor intensive" operation. It was discontinued in the mid 1950's. Depends Upon Diet Sllkwbrms feed on the leaves of the white mulberry. The worms will feed on leaves of other members of the mulberry family, but the quality of their silk Is poor. AdvertI: POM A TV 193 School St. Ukiah 13" COLOR TV,. NOW'318~ 15" COLOR TV. NOW^325~ 17" COLOR TV NOW'35r 19" COLOR TV. N0W^389~ 25" COLOR TV. NOW^549°° BEST BUY!! 25" COLOR CONSOLE NOW'649'' We're Not Monkeyin' Atound With Our GONE M BANANAS SALE! FACTS BYCHARLES SNBURGER • -58 TAX SERVICE Visa Master Charge GECC Credit Plan *kSb >^ SCRUBBERS — A workman welds stainless steel plates on the inside of the "scrubbers." These devices take steam and smoke that come from the hardboard presses and remove particulate matter and other pollutants. V SMALL INDEPENDENT CONTRACTORS Some small independent contractors pay their own Social Security and Income Tax and when their employers are audited by IRS for their Income Tax, they find they must also pay additional payroll taxes. Income Tax withholding, unemployment Tax and both halves of Social Security for him. They go back as far as the company has records of the independent contractors. This has caused many companies to bear great financial losses that has caused bankruptcy and disqualified thp pension plan of some. At the present time. It seems there Is no real fast rule for determining a self-employed or Independent contractor. They vary from job tP job, and agent to agent, and year to year. Congress' watchdog - GAO (General Accounting Office) has recommended some changes that will be presented to Congress In early 1978. If approved, the employer would be able to determine If his independent contractor qualifies as self-employed. Here is what will be proposed - an independent contractor, would have a separate set of books for his business. A main place of business away from the place that is provided at His place of work, and to show that he has the possibility ol a loss where his expenses could exceed his income. As an independent, he must have a Federal Employer tax Identification Number. ' " • . •?' ' How Congress decides this year will be interesting to watch Who knows what the outcome of the Noveinber 21, 1977 report. No. GGD-77-88 will be.