Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California on July 5, 1974 · Page 11
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Ukiah Daily Journal from Ukiah, California · Page 11

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Ukiah, California
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Friday, July 5, 1974
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Page 11
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Friday, July 5, 1974 Uklah Daily Journal, Uklah, Calif.^11 By JOHN PARDUCCI and JOE MON06TORI There is something special about the Mediterranean man! When Frenchmen, Italians, Germans or Swiss settle in a new part of the world, one of the first things they will do is plant their beloved grape vines. The vines of the grapes are almost immortal. The genes are locked in the cells. A small piece of cane brought from the Tuscanian hills can be planted in New Zealand, South Africa or California and if the climate and soil are right, it will give the same luscious fruit and delicious wine. What if the climate and soil are not favorable for the vine? In the 17th Century, when the first pioneers settled on the East Coast of North America, they soon found that there was just no way to keep their vineyard plantings alive more than a few years. Hard winters froze the vine above the ground and monstrous-looking small aphids called Phylloxera sucked out the vigor of its roots' and destroyed them by their poisonous saliva. Where man failed, Mother Nature succeeded. Wind and insects carried the pollen from the dying vineyards to the nearby river beaches and forest and pollinated the wild grapes. The seedlings grew into- vines and all man had to do was select the vines with the best fruit. Wild grapes of the native labrusca species were always abundant but did not have the desired characteristics for wines. Some of the new natural hybrids inherited the qualities of the European (vinifera) parent and carried it over in its off-spring . The berries became larger and more juicy and the foxy aroma toned down. When man began crossbreeding the Old World and the New World species, bis creations opened new avenues. Today's Franco-American hybrids are" not only r resistant to the winterkill, fungi and Phylloxera, but they also produce soft,. very agreeable wines without the objectionable foxiness of the natural hybrids. Tomorrow's trend is even one step further. Vinifera varieties grafted on American rootstocks thrive well in certain areas and provide excellent wines for New York and the East Coast with full vinifera characteristics. The White Rieslings of the Finger Lake district have already gained a reputation. i In California, the breeding of new varieties took an entirely different turn. The wild grapes native to the state are not sufficiently resistant to Phylloxera or downy mildew and their fruit had no appeal to breeders. The climate, especially in the interior valleys is closer to the climate of Southern Europe. Most of the Old World (vinifera) varieties adapt well to our conditions. hi the hotter areas, however, the noble varieties of Europe are losing their appealing qualities and are producing high alcohol, low acid, rough wines. Wines of European quality can be produced only on a fraction of our available land, mostly in the North Coast counties. If California wants to compete on the world-wide market, she has to seek new avenues. Fortunately, there are always enthusiastic scientists who devote their entire lives attempting to solve problems of this nature. Professor HP. Olmo of the University of California is one of them. More , than 30 years ago, he and his colleagues recognized that what California needs is a "selection of new varieties, developed specially for California. Instead of crossing between the species, they started to cross within the species of vinifera, by selecting the noble grapes of the temperate climate of the European continent for quality and the ordinary and good producing varieties of the southern Mediterranean area for volume. Time was their main enemy. To develop new varieties is quite time-consuming and is based on a, long term arrangement. It takes four years to see the first results of each cross-breeding, plus several additional years before complete data is available. For nature, breeding took ages — for European vintners, it took centuries to select suitable varieties for certain regions. In California, Professor Olmo and his dedicated crew have since released 20 new varieties of -grapes within the last few decades. While most of them Were designed for the desert­ like climate of -the--interior valleys, a few of them are adapting well to a wide range of climatic conditions. One of the best known new California varieties is the Ruby Cabernet, a cross of the Cabernet Sauvignon and Carignane grapes with high yield And .distinctive Cabernet aroma. With over 16,000 acres planted in the state (only 27 acres in Mendocino County), it could be an important factor as blending wine- in varietal Cabernet Sauvignon blends, although it Vets demonstrate for more benefits, amnesty WASHINGTON (UPI) — Under a baking sun, several hundred veterans marched peaceably through the city Thursday, demanding better benefits for themselves and amnesty for draft evaders. Led by a young woman with a bullhorn, they chanted, "What do we want? Amnesty! When do we want it? Now!" There were banners' from New York, Chicago, Cincinnati and Dayton, Ohio. They carried signs saying: "Universal Unconditional Amnesty For All War Resistors." The demonstrators sat on the grass north of the Jefferson Memorial, sang songs and listened to speeches. The flags of North Vietnam, the Viet Cong, the Khmer Rouge of Cambodia and the Pathet Lao of Laos decorated a makeshift rostrum. The march was sponsored by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War-Winter Soldier Organization. One member said the name came from those "who stuck it out during the winter at Valley Forge —and we'll stick it out." The group wants an end of U.S. aid to the governments of South Vietnamese President Thieu and Cambodian Prime Minister Lon Nol, "decent benefits" for veterans, "single- grade discharge" for all Vietnam vets and "kick Nixon out." . A separate group, calling itself the "Second American Bonus March," held its own demonstration, demanding an end to "disgraceful conditions" in VA hospitals, an increase in rights for all veterans, "humane homes" for disabled veterans, more jobs for veterans and expanded programs for Spanish-speaking and female veterans. This demonstration; was sponsored by the American G.I. Forum, an organization of 168,000 predominantly Chicano members; the American Veterans Movement; with 8,000 members, and the National Association For Puerto Rican Civil Rights, with 25,000 members. Denny is speaker at CWFIA meet President of the California Welfare Fraud Investigators Association, Durie Baily, released today the advanced program for the association's fourth annual conference to be held in Oakland, July 11 and 12. Mendocino County Welfare Director Dennis R. Denny, along with David B. Swoap, director, California Department of Benefit Payments, and Robert B. Carleson, U. S. Commissioner of Welfare, and former state director, will be the conference's featured speakers. Director Denny will focus his talk on the subject of "Fraud Prevention — The Name of the Game is Improved Communication." "I am extremely pleased to be asked to speak at what I consider a very important conference. Hopefully in some small way I can outline a positive course of action on what many of us in welfare administration consider to be of paramount importance." does have its own merits as a varietal. Ten years of data show that it continues to have good acid and fair alcohol. Jt gained the highest score among all the red varieties of Regions IV and V. Its good qualities and predicted future reflect in the number of acres planted in the last three years (2,200,6,800 and 4 ,300 acres, respectively). In our hotter areas of Mendocino County, this variety should deserve more attention. Second in popularity among the new California varieties is theRubired (over 11,000 acres), designed to improve color for the production of port-type wines and for blending. While the Emerald Riesling appeared to growers with its high yield, it did not find favorable reception by Winemakers who object to its mediocre quality and strong browning-tendency of the wine. For Mendocino County vintners, the Flora is probably the most important. Seventy acres are planted in our county out of the total 400 acres planted in California. We planted" eight acres as ah experiment in our Talmage vineyards, so we do have knowledge regarding the qualities of this new variety. Flora is a hybrid of Gewurz- traminer and Semillon, from a cross made by Professor Olmo in 1948 for Regions I and II. Since both parents have aromatic qualities, it is considered by many as a replacement for Gewurz- traminer, which is a low producer and the wine made from the variety is often "flat" tasting and oxidizes easily. Flora, on the other hand, is a very heavy producer and it has fairly good acidity. In Ukiah, it usually ripens in the first or second* week of September, often with an above- average sugar content. The fruit has a pinkish least, as the Gewurztraminer. The vine is much more vigorous than the Gewurztraminer. ^ Our experience indicates that its busy growth tends to prevent it from setting its fruit well in some years. We have found that cordon-pruned vines are much more fruitful. We have not been bothered with mildew problems, but found that leafhoppers love the Flora leaves. The clusters are short and compact, but the fruit is resistant to cracking and can stand the delivery quite well. The wine has a slight browning tendency, but with proper handling, it can be kept under control. With our coldr fermentation system, the aroma id well-pronounced. Since we ferment only the free- run juice, the aroma is never perfumishly strong. Instead, it" is delicate and flowery. We bottle the exceptionally good vintages under varietal and vintage label from time to time. Ordinary qualities are used in generic blends. We feel that it is a good policy to grow the Old World varieties' in California, but only if they do at least as well as they do in . their native land. When things balance out worldwide in supply and consumption, the mediocre California Cabernets can compete only with the mediocre French or Australian or South American Cabernets. The. manmade varieties adapted for our special needs and special conditions could well be our most important assets. The Cabernet craze might come and go, later to settle in its rightful place like any other wine. Only great Cabernets will be in constant demand, regardless of where they come from — Bordeaux chateau, North Coast of California or Australia. If a Cabernet vineyard from a certain area produces great wines faithfully, it certainly has a future. However, if it only produces great wines from time to time, production costs and prices will be a sure indicator of its worthiness. If it produces, mediocre wines each year, it will only bring mediocre prices like any other vin ordinaire. When the market becomes saturated with Cabernets, . winemakers will not pay higher prices for just the name. We feel that Professor Olmo is right. We should not rely solely on varieties that were selected by the French, Italians and Germans for their special regions. Their regions are not ours. The soundness of Professor Olmo's theory cannot be proved more effectively regarding facts pertaining to the Zinfandel grape. WORKING WOMEN: A Progress Report Prisons unmanageable within next 10 years? WHILE WOMEN GAIN more jobs, they are lagging further behind men inp.ay For instance a professional job that pays $13,826 to a ( man would pay only $8,946 to a woman Similarly, a male factory worker might make $8,880 while his female counterpart, doing the same work, would make.on average $5,145. Dissident Red physicist ends his hunger strike MOSCOW (UPI) — Dissident physicist Andrei D. Sakharov, who went on a hunger strike during President Nixon's summit visit to the Soviet Union, ended his fast today on the advice of his doctor. Sakharov, who began the fast to draw Nixon's attention to the plight of political prisoners in the Soviet Union, said his six- day hunger strike came to an end at' midnight Thursday. The 53-year-old scientist told Western. newsmen he lost 20 pounds and was suffering from low blood pressure as well as giddiness. He said his doctor ordered him to abandon the fast. Sakharov, one of the developers of the Soviet Union's nuclear m arsenal, said he took only mineral water during the fast, which began midnight last Friday. The dissident said he launched the hunger strike to underline an open letter appeal to Nixon and Communist party leader Leonid I. Brezhnev for more than 80 political prisoners. He said detente between the United States and the Soviet Union would not have much meaning while the prisoners were allegedly being ill-treated. In particular, he urged clemency for biologist Vladimir Bukovsky, a 31-year-old scientist who has spent most of his adult life in jail.. Bukovsky's mother said he was seriously Ul after being sent A mm back to Vladimir Prison from a labor camp. She said Bukovsky, serving a 12-year sentence, has been beaten and denied proper medical attention. Sakharov appealed to world public opinion to remember Bukovsky and other prisoners jailed by the Kremlin for their ideas. "I am convinced that not only the moral health of humanity but the physical survival of the world depends on respect for the rights of man," he said. During Nixon's visit, a White House spokesman said the President knew of Sakharov's protest. A Kremlin spokesman responded to the fast by accusing Sakharov of "strange" actions. SAN QUENTTN, Calif. (UPI) — Prison violence is escalating at such a rapid pace that penitentiaries will be unmanageable in 10 years, according to the retired warden of San Quentin Prison. Louis S. Nelson, who ended his long penal career last month after rising from guard to chief of the state's toughest prison, blamed lawyers and judges for much of the trouble. For example, Nelson said in a recent interview, a judge once ordered him to make two books available to a convicted burglar. One described how to make a bomb and the other how to pick locks. During the first six months of this year there have been 28 stabbings, four fatal, at the 122- year-old San Quentin. Many of the violent incidents resulted from gang warfare and disputes over narcotics. Several times general 1 lockups were ordered to stop the trouble. "Prison violence has risen to the point that in the next decade, prisons will be unmanageable," Nelson said. The current trend is toward treatment of less violent offenders in the community, he said, and this means that those sent to prison are the most difficult to manage. San Quentin > administrator BUI Nyberg echoed Nelson's comments. "We get the toughest men in the system," be said. "We get the ones other places couldn't handle. When a guy comes here, he feels be has to be tough to live up to the reputation of being a tough San Quentin convict." There are four major racial gangs at San Quentin, the Aryan Brotherhood, the Black Guerrilla Army, the Mexican Mafia and the Nuestra Familia, which is also made up of Mexican-Americans. Convicted narcotics dealer Gardner Landley, 33, serving a 10-year-to-life term, had this theory about violence: "I guess the main thing is just frustration that leads to violence. People don't feel that they have anything to look forward to and the least little thing can get them, upset." Many convicts blame California's indeterminate sentence system for tension among inmates. They feel that the California Adult Authority board acts capriciously in deciding on parole dates under the system and keeps convicts in doubt about their status. Alan H. Berman, D.P.M. Announces the relocation of hi$ office for the practice of General Podiatry and Foot Surgery. 215 W. STANDLEY ST. "UKIAH, CALIF. 95482 For Appointments Call 462-4707 Infant, Children and Adults by Appointment. WHAT'S IN A NAME? ' i REDWOOD EMPIRE MEANS... THE HIGHEST LEGAL INTEREST RATE ON INSURED SAVINGS NONE HIGHER... SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION •EARN:* 5 VA % PASSBOOK ACCOUNT (Current Annual Rate) NO MINIMUM 67 2 % J* 1 YR. CERTIFICATE $1,000 MINIMUM 6V 4 % fft 2Vi YR. CERTIFICATE $1,000 MINIMUM VA % * 4 YR CERTIFICATE $1,000 MINIMUM )fc A Substantial Interest Penalty is Required for Early Withdrawal. YOUR FUNDS ARE INVESTED LOCALLY, CREATING JOBS & PROSPERITY AND, MANY EXTRA CUSTOMER SERVICES * A view of the Cove at Big River in the mid- 1860's with the town of Mendocino in the background. Travelers Checks Safe Deposit Boxes Notary Service Money Orders Photocopy Service Note Collection Night Depository Free Parking Customer Coffee Lounge Save-by-Mail, Postage Paid Home Loans Many of the above services are free to qualifying customers REMEMBER Funds Deposited By the 10th Earn From the 1st. 'Where You Save Does Moke A Difference" REDWOOD EMPIRE fs SAVINGS & LOAN ASSOCIATION UKIAH SO. STATE 4 OOBBI STREETS 442-7532 CLOVERDALE CLOVERDALEBLVD.A FIRST ST. 194-3301 FORT BRAGG ALDER A MAIN STREETS 944-4031 Mendocino County derived its name from Cape Mendocino, located approx. 120 miles north of the town of Mendocino. The Cape was named by Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo who discovered it in 1542 while on a voyage of discovery along the Pacific Coast. Redwood Empire Savings & Loan Assoc. derived its name from the area which it serves... and, as it continues to grow and expand, the Association hopes to provide needed services to an even broader geographical area of the Redwood Empire community providing the highest legal interest rates on insured savings, many extra customer services and reinvesting the money back into the community in the form of home loans, creating jobs and prosperity. * Photo from "Sailing Days on the Redwood Coast." by Karl Kortum & Roger 01 mstead P ublished by the California Historical ociety. •X § m 1

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