e b La n i> 5 I35B 69th Year No. 31 REDLANDS; CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, MARCH 9, 1959 racu Phone PY 3-3M1 Twelve Paget 5 Cents CIVIL WAR FLARES UP IN NO. IRAQ HIS ALTER ECO—President Eisenhower seems well aware of the old saw about two heads being better than one. That's White House Press Secretary Jim Hagerty close behind as the President talks to newsmen in Washington. Senate Democrats To Probe Defense Budget WASHINGTON' <UPI> — Senate Democratic leaders today ordered a sweeping investigaton of President Eisenhowers new defense budget and touched off major debate by challenging his military judgment. The senatorial battle over the adequacy of U. S. defenses in the face of the mounting Berlin crisis was sparked by announcement that the nation's military chiefs have expressed 'reservations" about funds allotted to fighting forces under the President's new defense budget. Both Gen. .Maxwell D. Taylor. \rmy chief of staff, and Gen. '.andolph McC. Pate, Marine commandant, complained that their Tees are being cut too much, aylor declared Army personnel esources were "inadequate to neet in full the requirements of .heir assigned missions." Eisenhower has insisted that the nation's defenses are adequate. Majority LeaCer Lyndon B. Johnson announced that h's preparedness subcommittee will open hearings Wednesday to "get the truth with the bark off" on the defense -budget. The defense debate erupted on the. Senate floor as the Armed Senices Committee unanimously approved a' four-year extension of the draft act to July 1, 1963. The committee rejected proposals for modification at this time because of what it termed a "time of crisis." The shadow of the Berlin crisis overhung the Senate debate. Key Republicans warned that Long Pilot Plans Beach To Rome Hop LONG BEACH, Calif. 'L'PI'-A Texas pilot planned to take off at 3 p.m. p.s.t. today in an attempt to set a nonstop record in a single-engline plane by flying a 7,100-mile trip to Rome. William Mullen. 35, Kerrville, Tex., hoped to break the 6,856- mile record set last August by Pat Boling who flew nonstop from Pendleton, Ore., to Manila. Mullen, the western regional sales manager for Mooney Air-! craft of Texas, said he would fly to Houston, Tex., and then set a course that passes over Newfoundland to Rome. He will fly a Mooney Mark 20. a four-place craft which will be jammed with gasoline tanks to ! increase the plane's fuel capacity to 400 gallons. Weather LOS ANGELES <UPI>— Noon forecast as prepared by the U.S. Weather Bureau: Skies will be sunny this afternoon over Southern California, but there will be some high clouds. An increase in coastal fog and low clouds is expected tonight and Tuesday morning. No major tem-j perature change is in sight, but readings will be slightly lower Tuesday. San Bernardino Valley: Sunny: with high clouds Tuesday. Local; fog early Tuesday morning. A ; little cooler Tuesday. March 9. 1959 Today Highest 82, Lowest 47 Sunday Highest 84, Lowest 43 Saturday Highest 78, Lowest 43 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 6:07 a.m. — 5:51p.m. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Highest 64, Lowest 38 Democrats might be going too far with criticism verging on the polit ical. But Senate Armed Servces Chairman Richard B. Russell <D- Ga.) replied that Congress has constitutional responsibility to deal with military matters. And he said he has as "much faith" in the military judgment of the Army and Marine Corps chiefs, who suffer cuts in ground strength under the military man." This was construed as a reference to the President who told his news conference recently that be felt better qualified than any other single military chief to cval uate the nation's defense needs. Sen. Stuart Symington iD-Mo.> said "it would now appear to some that the President is giving a higher priority to balancing the budget than he is to the growing threat of the Communist conspiracy." Meany Belittles Opposition To Housing Programs WASHINGTON (UPD — AFL- CIO President George Meany to- dav belittled President Eisenhower's claim that the multibillion dollar Democratic housing programs are ii.flationary. In fact, Meany told the National Housing Conference, "the real danger of inflation would come if we continue to neglect the nation's housing needs and permit present shortages to become aggravated." The labor leader spoke after the conference branded as "stupid" the complaints of Eisenhower and oth er economy-minded Republicans that urban renewal outlays in the housing programs are extravagant and inflationary. Meany said the government risked inflation unless jt helped build 20 million new homes and apartments in the next 10 years. "Short supply in the face of grea! demand is the surest way I know of driving up prices." he said. Sister Of Manville Dies LAS VEGAS, Nev. (UPD— An autopsy disclosed Sunday night that 64-year-old Lorraine Manville, sister of often-married asbestos heir Tommy Manville. died Sunday afternoon of a coronary occlusion. Khrushchev Makes Berlin Concession Has No Objections To West Maintaining Troops In Berlin BERLIN (UPD -Soviet Pre mier Nikita Khrushchev said today Russia has no objections to the western powers "and perhaps some neutral states" maintaining a minimum of troops in West Ber lin. The Soviet Premier made this major concession today in a speech to a mass Communist rally in East Berlin. He said that West Berlin would be guaranteed complete indepen dence if the West accepts Russia 's proposal that it should be transformed into a free city. 'There is no threat to the free dom or independence of Berlin if the western powers accept our proposals," Khrushchev said. "We have proposed that the big states should guarantee it. "We also have no objections to the United Nations joining in this nuarantee. He also would agree that the United States, Britain. France or neutral states should maintain a minimum of troops in West Berlin." Peaceful Solution It was the first time Khrushchev had indicated the West might keep troops in Berlin. In the past he had adamantly insisted the western allied garrison must leave Berlin after conclusion of a German peace treaty. Earlier today, Khrushchev- talked for two hours with West German Socialist opposition leader Erich Ollcnhauer. He told Ollen- hauer the Berlin problem could be solved through negotiation "in a peaceful manner." He also invited West Berlin Mayor Willy Brandt to meet with him Tuesday. i "The western powers say they are not going to yield an inch on the Berlin question." Khrushchev told the mass rally in Werner See- lenbinder Hall. "But... our pro posal does not require anyone to give an inch or even a millimeter. "We say the existing social and political forms shall remain unchanged in West Berlin. We want just one thing —to eliminate a danger spot in Europe and to ensure peaceful conditions for the popula tion of West. Berlin." Khrushchev said West Berlin had nothing to fear from the Communist East German regime surrounding the city. "The 'East' German Democratic Republic has agreed that it will honor the agreement that West Berlin should be a free city and to guarantee its connectioas with the outside world," Khrushchev said. He said the West, in wanting to continue the occupation of West Berlin, tells "fairy tales that the German Democratic Republic wants to liberate or conquer West Berlin: that is a slander against the peace-loving GDR." Khrushchev earlier today pre dieted the western allies will soon lose their rights in Berlin and Communism will one day defeat capitalism "without war, without war." Dulles Pays Brief Visit Home To See Dog WASHINGTON (UPD — Presi dent Eisenhower went to Walter Reed Army Hospital today to visit cancer-stricken Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. Dulles entered the hospital Feb 10 for a hernia operation which revealed he had abdominal cancer. Dulles, apparently showing prog ress, paid a brief visit home to see his dog Sunday. The 71-year-old cabinet member 1 walked out of Walter Reed Army Hospital with Mrs. Dulles in mid- afternoon for his second chauffeur- driven ride in two days. On his return to the hospital about an hour and 20 minutes later, Dulles told State Department press officer Joe Reap, "Well, we went home and I saw my dog. Dulles' dog is a French poodle named "Pepi." Reap said Dulles "seemd to be very happy" about his first visit to his home since he entered the hospital Feb. 10 for a hernia operation that disclosed a recurrence of abdominal cancer. Killed Near Her Home FALLBROOK 'UPD - Mrs. Lucille Orr. 55, suffered fatal injuries Sunday night in a two-car collision 'a block from her home, the California Highway Patrol reported. Officers said Mrs. Orr was a passenger in a car driven by her husband, Herbert, 59. The driver of the other car was listed as Shirley Enmon, 18, Fallbrook. Nazi Gauleiter Sentenced To Die For War Crimes WARSAW. Poland «UPI> —One time Nazi gaiileiter Erich Koch was sentenced to death today for the wartime slaying of 76,000 Poles and 200.000 Jews. When the verdict was announced the courtroom crowd burst into cheers. The trial, the longest war-crime. 1 tribunal ever held in Poland and perhaps the last in Europe of a major Nazi, ended just 10 days short of five months. Koch's wife. Use, was also convicted of war crimes. More than 50 witnesses described slave-labor deportations, forest executions of hostages, burnings of villages, gas chamber slayings of Jews, and mass executions by the occupying Nazis. A mountain of documents —orders, decrees, public lists of executed Poles —had piled up beside the transcripts of testimony. Koch, under arrest for 10 years since he was discovered by British military police in Hamburg in 1949. made numerous statements disclaiming all knowledge of occupation atrocities in his area and blaming them on Hcinrich Himmler's Gestapo organization. The courtroom audience, most of whom had lost relatives or friends to Nazi executioners during the occupation, broke into clapping and cheering when black-robed Judge Edward Binkiewicz pronounced the death sentence. Macmillan Picks A Bowler LONDON <UPI>—Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, whose hats are becoming as famous as Sir Winston Churchill's cigars, has picked a bowler for his trip to the United States. Two weeks ago, Macmillan arrived in Moscow in a 30-year-old tall white fur hat which instantaneously took Moscow—and much of the world—by storm. Returning from Northern Ireland Saturday, Macmillan joked with reporters about the cloth cap he was wearing — "much more suitable" for Northern Ireland than the white fur, he said. Sunday, the Sunday Dispatch reported the Macmillan choice for his American trip in two weeks' time is to be that most British of hats, the derby. U. S. To Put Atomic Bombers On Alert When 'Required' WASHINGTON' (UPD-The Unit ed States will put atomic bombers on continuous airborne alert as soon as the Soviet missile threat requires it "no matter what it costs." a high administration source said today. On such an alert a certain number of Strategic Air Command jet bombers, armed with nuclear weapons and guided missiles, would be in the air at all times, ready to counter-attack if Russia cut loose its missiles at the Free World. The purposes would be to prevent the planes from being targets for destruction on the ground and to be in the best position to react to attack, thus increasing the deterrent to war. Gen. Thomas Power, SAC com mander, touched off a controversy when he told the Senate preparedness investigation in January that he would like to get an airborne alert going as soon as possible. The Defense Department denied a report that Power had been turned down to save money. Sen. Stuart Symington <D-Mo>[ and Rep. Daniel J. Flood (D- Pa.) later demanded that Sac keep some of its planes in the air: at all times. Power warned that with the 'zero warning time" of a missile attack. Soviet rockets might destroy his planes on the ground. Like several military leaders who were consulted, .the administration source saw no immediate need for a large scale around the clock bomber patrol. He said it t might not be needed for a year or more. But he said Power probably would get most of the authority he had sought to carry on extensive tests of the air alert now. For one thing, these tests would indicate how many more men SAC would need. It now has 1.6 crews per bomber, not enough for the amount of flying needed in a large airborne alert. SAC also may get a go-ahead to buy. or at least plan for, the spare parts, engines and other supplies that would be needed for the wear and tear of an around the clock alert. SAC keeps about one-third of its 2,000 ail planes on runways with their crews standing - by, ready to take off in 15 minutes. 1 moored during the stopover. Macmillan To Try To Heal Rift In Ranks Goes To Paris To Warn De Gaulle Of Danger Of War Over Berlin United Press International British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan flies today to Paris to try to heal a serious rift in Western Allied ranks on how to prevent war with Russia over the [•Berlin crisis. .Macmillan believes there must be negotiations with the Soviet Union to prevent a war and that if the Allies do not give in on some of their rigid positions there will be no Eas'.-West talks. He was faced with a strong "stand firm" policy proclaimed last week by French President Charles de Gaulle and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer against any backing down by the Allies or accepting the Soviet pol icy of "disengagement" in Central Europe. Plans Berlin Takeover In the background was Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev's un yielding stand on the German question. Russia wants "peace, peace and again peace," Khrushchev said Sunday night in Berlin, but he made it clear there could be peace only on Soviet terms. Communist sources in East Berlin said Khrushchev was drawing up detailed plans for a Berlin takeover, and that his aim was to face the West with an accomplished fact — a take it or leave it proposition — when any East- West conference is held. Khrushchev's position was simple: If the West does not give in to his demands the Soviet will sign a peace treaty with East Germany and the West will have, no more rights in West Berlin. If they try to do anything about it they will be guilty of starting a war. It was this position Macmillan was trying to cope with when he set out from London today on a scries of visits that will take him to Paris. Bonn. Washington and Ottawa. And diplomatic sources said he would inform the Western Allies Khrushchev was so confident of Russian rocket superiority he did not fear a war. No Concesiions—U.S. The United States also was firm against making any concessions to the Soviets on Berlin and it was believed Macmillan would plead both in Paris and in Washington for some easing of the Western stand. In the meantime Premier! Antonio Segni of Italv is visitingj™ n P™?" 4 * 0 " n , c . rs ' . . * 1 In a statement this week end. Utility Tax Assessment Decision This Year Urged SACRAMENTO (UPD — A 10-year battle between private utilities and common taxpayers groups should be settled one way or another during the present session of the Legislature, Assemblyman Glenn Coolidge (R- Felton) said today. Coolidge, chairman of the Joint Committee on Assessment Practices, made that statement in calling to order a full-scale hearing on the hotly-disputed proposal that utilities and common property be taxed on the same basis. 'At least four legislative com mittees have attacked this problem before it was given to us," Coolidge said. "Tens of thousands of dollars have been spent by the Legislature on assessment- equali- 1 zuion problems. It seems clear that nothing would be gained by further study." Court Action Possible Coolidge urged all parties concerned with the problem to agree "that this is the time to act." He also cautioned that if the Legislature did not solve the problem at this session, "Court action is a very real possibility.' Coolidge, a real estate operator in private life, scoffed at sug gestions that it would be impos sible to place a value on utility property. "It is possible to find the value of any commercial enterprise, big or small." he said. However, the chairman also said he was "amazed" that anyone would suggest that a utility, ,with its built-in monopoly features, could be valued "just like a factory." PG&E Official Appears Among the early witnesses today was Robert H. Gerdes. executive vice president of the Pacific Gas and Electric Co. Gerdes told the committee that his company was "the largest taxpayer in California." He claimed PG&E was faced with a "serious Senators Demand Kennedy Report Influence Offers WASHINGTON <UPI> - Three Republican members of the Senate Rackets Committee demanded today that chief counsel Robert F. Kennedy make a full report on what he called attempts to influence him with offers of political help for his brother. The 32-year-old counsel said Fri day that he had been approached with offers of support for his brother. Sen. John F. Kennedy 'D-Mass.), if he would go easy on certain witnesses. Kennedy said he ignored the offers but Sen. Karl E. Mundt <R S.D.) was unwilling to let the mat ter rest at that. Mundt, co-chairman of the committee, said he would demand that the counsel reveal the names of the witnesses. Mundt was joined by Sens. Homer E. Capehart (R-Ind.) and Barry Goldwater iR-Ariz.i. Goldwater said that if Kennedy "had anything to divulge, he was wrong in not doing it." But Goldwater said he would not judge the matter until he had tax. inequity" which he said "dis-|heard the counsel's explanation. He noted that Kennedy was speaking off the cuff in response to questions when he disclosed the offers at a Democratic meeting in Milwaukee. Sen. Kennedy, now regarded as one of the leading contenders for the 1960 Democratic presidential nomination, apparently knew about the reported offers. He was out of town today and unavailable for comment. criminates against utility customers." The hearing was touched off by a committee report last month which urged that, over a period of 10 years, all property in Cali-! fornia be assessed at about 30 per; cent of its market value for taxing purposes. Utilities property now is assessed at about 50 per cent of market value, the report found, and private property at about 25 per cent of sale value. Report Attracts Interest Assemblyman Glenn E. Coolidge 'R-Felton', chairman of the committee, said his office had received "a heavy flow of mail since the report was issued. "It looks as if we're going to have a huge "crowd here for the hearing." Coolidge said. Critics of the report have charged that its acceptance by the Legislature would shift 95 million dollars of utility taxes to com- de Gaulle next week and is expected to add more firmness to the Western stand. There was no indication in Washington the United States was willing to make concessions to the Russians other than possibly accepting Poland and Czechoslovakia at a conference table — but not then on equal terms as demanded by Russia Senate Republican Leader Everett M. Dirksen. backed up by the U.S. defense chiefs, told newsmen the United States has been pre paring for the Berlin crisis for some time and that America's armed forces are adequate to meet it. He took issue with statements by Senate Democratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson that the na tion's defenses must be "sharpened" in light of Khrushchev's recent blustery statements threatening to wipe out the capitalistic world if there is a war over Berlin. First Lady Takes Off For Washington DENVER (UPH —Mrs. Mamie Eisenhower emplaned for Washington today aboard the presidential plane Columbine III after a quiet weekend with her mother here. The first lady, accompanied by her sister. Mrs. Gordon Moore, and her doctor. Col. Walter Tkach, waved farewell to her ailing mother, Mrs. Elivera Doud, 80, after her brief visit. Mrs. Eisenhower stopped here- Saturday en route to Washington following a vacation at a beauty resort in Arizona. The visit was shrouded with secrecy the entire weekend. The Secret Service refused to permit reporters near the first lady and as far as is known she had no visitors. Military officials at Lowry Air Force Base denied newsmen and photographers access to the apron area where the Columbine III was Coolidge sought to allay the fears of county officials. "The members of the committee and I are determined," he said, "that no overnight shift is made from utilities to local property taxpayers. We must look to the proper fiscal policies in this matter." Time For Action However, Coolidge said he felt the Legislature could no longer delay finding a solution to the problem of how to equalize assessment of real property by local agencies with that of utility properties, which are valued by the Board of Equalization. "The time has come," he said, "when we must act and get something done on the problem." Sen. Stanford C. Shaw iD-On-| tario 1 . who feels the report's recommendations constitute "a colossal shift of tax burden." introduced a bill early this month to open Board of Equalization prp- cecdings 1 to Ihe public. Shaw's bill would require the! board to disclose how it assesses the value of utility holdings. Truman May Take Up Editor On His Offer GARDEN GROVE. Calif. <UPI • —Former President Harry S. Truman has advised T. G. Wood. Garden Grove Daily News managing editor, that he'll be "happy to visit" the newspaper when he's here April 4. Truman was invited by Wood to sit in as editor on the Califor nia newspaper after he said in a speech that he didn't know "what a free press is—I have never seen one. I want to be a telegraph edi tor or one of those blue pencil men. Then I could get what I wanted in the papers." In a telephone conversation to Wood from his Independence. Mo., home. Truman declined to commit himself to acting as a telegraph editor on the paper. "I'm coming out to Los Angeles April 4 and I would be happy to see you at that time and talk to you," the former President said. Truman told Wood he would be the guest of Ed Pauley, California Democratic leader and prominent oilman, and that his commitments "might preclude my serving as an editor." Mischa Auer Better PASADENA <UPI» —Comedian Mischa Auer, 53, who suffered a heart attack Feb. 27, was reported "getting along better" today at Huntington Memorial Hospital Pifof Who Led Attack On Pearl Harbor Visits LA. CULVER CITY (UPD — The pilot who led the Japanese aerial attack on Pearl Harbor is in the Los Angeles area to speak at a Youth for Christ rally. Mitsuo Fuchida, 56, Osaki, Japan, said his subject Saturday would be "From Pearl Harbor to Calvary." Fuchida, now a Presbyterian lay missionary, was the former squadron commander who led the 360-pIane armada against Pearl Harbor Dec. 7. 1941. He is the only survivor of the 70 officers who participated in the sneak raid, he said. "My survival is a miracle." he said. "My aircraft carrier w a s bombed by your planes at t h e battle of Midway. I was hurled into the seas, both legs broken and suffering other wounds. Earlier in the war I was shot down six times. 1 "Today, I consider it a miracle that I was taken from the water by rescue boats and permitted by the Lord to live." Fuchida said a religious tract written by one of the bombardiers with Gen. James Doolittle in the first attack on Tokyo was responsible for his conversion from Buddhism to Christianity. The former pilot said he had no hate in his heart against America when he led the Pearl Harbor attack. "I was a fighting man, trained in the Japanese Naval Academy to carry out a function of my nation's military machine," he said. "Professional military men have no room for hate." Fuchida is here as a guest of Elmer Sachs, president of Sky Pilots, a youth group fostered by churches throughout the United States. Uprising Against Kassem Regime Rebels Sympathetic To Nasser, Kassem Has Soviet Backing BEIRUT, Lebanon (UPD —The north Iraq revolt exploded into civil war today. A government radio broadcast from Baghdad said Iraq air force planes bombed the rebel capital at Mosul. A rebel broadcast from Mosul claimed an insurgent victory over government ground forces and said that revolutionary troops were marching on Baghdad. No details were available on either the bombing or the reported ground battle. Outsiders were totally dependent on rival radio broadcast and sparse diplomatic dispatches. But these made it appear that the uprising in Iraq's rich northeastern oilfield area led by Arab nationalist sympathizer Col. Abdel Wahag Shawaf against the regime of leftist Premier Abdel Karim Kassem was headed for a bloody showdown.. .Marching On Baghdad The Baghdad radio said loyalist fighte.- - bombers attacked Mosul at mid-day. But a broadcast from Shawaf's rebels declared that "the bombardment will only make us stand firmer with the revolution." The rebels also announced over an insurgent "revolutionary radio" said to be in Mosul that their troops were marching on Baghdad. A later rebel broadcast called Kassem. who led the coup last July that overthrew King Faisal, a "tyrant dictator." It said he had dispatched a "small force" to Mo sul, and added that it "has been wiped completely out." One of Shawaf's first acts after claiming complete control of Mo sul, Iraq's third largest city, was to warn against the "grave complications" of any foreign intervention. A broadcast proclamation termed the rebellion "purely internal" and pledged the rebels to neutrality. Mosul, with a population of 250,000. is 250 miles north of Baghdad. The rival radio broadcasts mads it appear that Shawaf's attempt to unseat Kassem. accused of pro- Communist sympathies, had survived the first 24 hours. The Baghdad'qovernment had claimed earlier that the revolt was put down and that Shawaf was killed by his own men. Later, a man whose voice was identified as that of Shawaf came on the rebel Mo sul radio to broadcast a denial of what he called the "lies" put out by Baghdad. Communist Involved The key to the struggle at this point was the army. Kassem had a strong armored force centered around Baghdad, while Shawaf had a force equipped with armor and light artillery ideally suited for fighting in the mountainous terrain around Mosul. Shawaf has emerged as an anti- Communist sympathetic to the Arab nationalism of United Arab Republic President Gamal Abdel Nasser. The 35-year-old career soldier, although a Kurdish tribesman from the militant north of his country, did not appear to have injected the question of Kurdish nationalism into the fight. The Soviet Union has sought to stir up Kurdish feelings for freedom in recent months throughout the Mideast area. But Shawaf appears to have spurned any involvement with Russia and instead has assailed Kassem as a "Red leader" accepting aid from the Communists. Moscow Radio expressed full Soviet hacking for Kassem today. It parroted Baghdad radio claims that the revolt had been crushed and declared that "all national proaressive forces of Iraq are supporting the Kassem government." Court To Rule On Citizenship WASHINGTON (UPD- The Supreme Court agreed today to decide whether Congress can take away the citizenship of a native- born American because he goes to a foreign country to escape military service. District Judge Gilbert M. Jertberg ruled last October in Los ArN gcles that the law providing for such denationalization was unconstitutional. The government appealed to the high court which will schedule arguments on the issue some time next term and hand down a written opinion. The case involved Francisco Mendoza-Martinez, 37. who is a citizen of both the United States and Mexico.
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