The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on March 31, 1985 · Page 28
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 28

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Sunday, March 31, 1985
Page 28
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Teen-age pregnancies highest in U.S. The Salina Journal Sunday, March 31,1985 Page 29 By The New York Times NEW YORK - American teen-agers become pregnant and give birth and have abortions at significantly higher rates than do adolescents in other industrialized nations, according to a study .recently released by the Alan Guttmacher Insti- ,tute. , Moreover, the United States is the only devel- ;oped country where teen-age pregnancy has ;.been increasing in recent years, the study reported. ; The pregnancy rate for Americans 15 to 19 L years old stands at 96 per 1,000, compared with •14 per 1,000 in the Netherlands, 35 in Sweden, 43 tin France, 44 in Canada and 45 in England and Wales, the countries that were studied in depth as a backdrop to the experiences of American teen-agers. The teen-age abortion rate for the U.S. was found to be as high as the combined abortion and birth rates for the other countries studied. Although pregnancy rates among American ; teen-agers who are black still are higher than '.the rates among white teen-agers — 163 preg- .nancies per 1,000 as against 83 per 1,000 — this does not account for the United States' high rates compared with industrialized nations whose teen-age populations evidence similar '.rates of sexual activity. ' Overall, the authors of the study concluded the lowest rates of teen-age pregnancy were in coun- ; tries that had liberal attitudes toward sex, had easily accessible contraceptive services for young people, with contraceptives being offered -free or at low cost and without parental notification, and had comprehensive programs in sex education. "We had many results that we did not expect and many assumptions made by Americans that simply were not supported by fact," said Jeannie I. Rosoff, president of the institute, a re- search and educational organization. These are among the more dramatic findings: • Ready access to abortion services does not lead teen-agers to have more abortions. • The availability of welfare and other forms of support for young mothers is not a motive for parenthood. • Greater availability of birth control and sex education does not lead to an increase in teenage pregnancy. The two-year project, conducted by the Alan Guttmacher Institute with research assistance from the Office of Population Research at By the time they are 18 years old, 60 of every 1,000 women in the U.S. have had an abortion. Princeton University and funding from the Ford Foundation, compared in general terms teen-age pregnancy rates in 37 developed countries. It provided a detailed examination of teen-age sexual practices, pregnancy and abortion rates, along with public policy, in six of those countries, including the U.S. The institute is named for the family-planning pioneer. Representatives from Sweden, the Netherlands, Great Britain and France described their countries' policies and experiences at a news conference at the Gramercy Park Hotel in Manhattan. The countries were selected because they closely resembled the U.S. in socioeconomic and cultural characteristics and because they had accumulated data regarding teen-age sexual behavior. Their rates of adolescent pregnancy also were known to be markedly lower than that of the U.S., leading researchers to hope they might discover approaches to the problem that might be attempted here. The information for the project was collected from reports published by organizations including the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Federation of Planned Parenthoods and from questionnaires sent to all foreign embassies in the U.S., to American embassies abroad and to the family planning agency in the countries studied. Teams of researchers visited each nation that was used as a case study. In the U.S., the report said: "Teen-age birthrates are much higher than those of each of the five countries at every age (15 through 19) by a considerable margin. The contrast is particularly striking for younger teen-agers. "In fact, the maximum relative difference in the birthrate between the U.S. and other countries occurs at ages under 15. With more than five births per 1,000 girls aged 14, the U.S. rate is around four times that of Canada, the only other country with as much as one birth per 1,000 girls of comparable age." The presumption that low adolescent pregnancy rates reflect the frequent use of abortion — and that, as a consequence, American teenagers seldom resort to abortion — was not borne out in the study. According to the data, by the time they are 18 years old, 60 of every 1,000 women in the U.S. have had an abortion. By contrast, in the Netherlands, which also ranked the lowest in abortion use, only 7 of every 1,000 women age 18 had had an abortion. For England and Wales, the figure was just above 20 per 1,000, for France it was about 30, for Canada about 24 and for Sweden about 30. Whafs for lunch this week Here are the Salina public school district's lunch menus for April 1 and 2: ' Monday Chicken patty on a sesame seed bun, special sauce, shredded lettuce, potato fingers, chilled fruit, milk. Tuesday Taco salad, corn chips, hot sauce, lettuce and cheese, hot roll with butter, white cake with chocolate icing, milk. Spring break follows through April 8. The sport of kings MONTCLAIR, N.J. (AP) - A retrospective of the work of Richard Stone Reeves, a painter of thoroughbred race horses, will be presented at the Montclair Art Museum April 21-July 31. 'MEAN STATION Choose from our wide selection of spring fashion dresses! 20% OFF Mid SUU Mall Agfllcvllla Sallna Manhattan Abortion clinics offer counseling to men By The New York Times WASHINGTON — Three years ago Barrel Cummings sat in an abortion clinic waiting to join his pregnant girlfriend for counseling before the abortion. • When he asked the receptionist about the delay and wondered where his girlfriend was, he was told she had already had the abortion and no, he could not join her. "I felt we had been through the whole decision-making process together and then suddenly we were separated," Cummings said. "And there was no one at the clinic particularly concerned about that element." . Today, Cummings is one of a small group of counselors in the country who deal exclusively with men at abortion clinics, and he is one of an even smaller group of counselors who are themselves men. Several years ago experts were predicting an increase in the number of men accompanying partners, sisters, daughters and friends to abortion clinics, and they also predicted a concerted effort among the clinics to counsel those men. About 1.6 million abortions are performed annually in the United States, according to the Alan Guttmacher Institute in Washington, a public-policy group specializing in the issues of family planning and reproductive health. Surveys have shown the majority of men involved in the abortion process have wanted and supported counseling. The experts' predictions seem to have been realized only in part. No national statistics have been reported, but a spokesman for the National Abortion Federation said members have observed an increase in the number of men at clinics. "I've been involved in family- planning services for a decade and a half now," said Daniel Pellegrom, who was until recently the executive director of Planned Parenthood Federation of Maryland. "The number of men who accompany women into clinics has expanded in a pretty startling way." But there has been no concommi- tant increase in counseling services for the men. Rather, clinics are debating the need for counseling and what such a service should provide. Some experts argue, for example, that in these circumstances, men are best counseled by other men. Bill Baird, director of three Bill Baird Centers, two on Long Island and one in Boston, strongly advocates counseling services for men. His abortion clinic in Hempstead, N.Y., he said, was one of the first in the country to encourage men to be with their partners during the abortion, and 90 percent of the men who enter the clinic choose to do so. By contrast, he said, at some clinics "there is considerable sexism against men — and it's not even conscious, just insensitivity to the needs of those who come in." The Women's Medical Center in Washington, the clinic at which Cummings works, does not permit men to be present during the actual abortion. "We've never had a case where a man wanted to go through the procedure," Cummings said. Men are not allowed in the recovery room, he added, because other women might object to their presence. "With counseling, so many other needs are taken care of that going into the procedure and the recovery room are the least, in term of priorities," he said. Administrators at a Planned Parenthood clinic in Baltimore, which provides a male counselor for men on the days abortions are performed, said the counseling needs of men are similar to those of women in some respects, and the counselor's skill is more important than his or her sex. "Men also go through the grieving, the sense of loss, and may also experience a lot of the ambivalence that women do about becoming a parent," said Carol Crane, coordinator of counseling services at the clinic. Crane said she believes the counseling needs of men and women begin to differ when the men realize what little control they have over the final decision and procedure and feel alienated and often resentful. The Women's Medical Center is one of the few clinics in the country where it is mandatory for both men and women who enter the clinic to go through counseling. The Neon cut plugs- in today. It's short in the back with plenty of electric length at the front. It's a fun, dramatic cut! Call us for an appointment today! •LAUTT 808 E. Crawford FPIRE SALOM 827-0445 NOTICE S«llltor l.ll • Wol Marl S.lll lor L.ll • Wol Marl S.lll (or l.ll • Wol Mo" S.l'i for l.ll • Wol MorT S- THE PARIS PLUS Sizes 12'/2 to26!/2 104 S. Santa Fe Sizes 30 to 52 Save 1.82 Infants' & Girls' Dress Patent •Fashion easy care white upper •Stylish cut-out design •Comfortable longwearing sole •Infants' sizes 5-8 •Girls'sizes 8'/»-3 •Reg. 5.64 3.82 Save 1.53 Ladies' Dress Sandals •Interwoven styling •Soft, comfortable white or beige upper •Buckled ankle strap •Dress heel for fashion wear •Ladies'sizes 5-10 •Reg. 9.96 8.43 Amcrkan styles* :hollcngcrs Save 2.90 Men's Sporty Casual •Newest styling in footwear for men •Terry lining •Cushioned sock •Longwearing sole •Men's sizes 6 V, -12 •Reg. 12.86 9.96 Our bank is expanding into our space. We'll be moving to the Mid State Mall very soon. Here's your chance... WE RATHER SELL IT THAN MOVE IT 60 Sale Date: Location: Store Hours: Sale Dates: March 31-April 6,1985 Location: 2420 S. 9th St. Store Hours: Mon.-Sat. 9 am-9 pm Sunday 12:00 pm-6:00 pm WAl-MAJtr • AOVtWTIKO MJWHAMNH KUCV-« • CM f*n- tbn to M*« VMTV i***!***** <t*m " Mot* !*»»•"•>. 4 due n w>v wl«t«Mn icwon. an «**•«*•<! itam • not »****• tot (McNM W« Mwl w* »I>M • H« O»ch on rMMrtl. to •» mwch«*M to b« pulChMM) •! IM MM P"C« wt.«n«<«W iH^Mt w w* Ml iwo • •mW M<n tM • cvr^vMM rwluctan « p>c« W* <•••"• Kw tight to kmt QJUW*M« UmUtona MMJ •< N*« Ucuco ENTIRE STOCK ON SALE •Dresses, coats, suits, skirts, pants, jackets, blouses, sweaters, fun tops, co-ordinates, bras, girdles, slips, half-slips, robes, dusters, hose. USE YOUR MASTERCARD, VISA, AM. EXPRESS SHOP DAILY 9:30 to 5:30 pm, Thursday 'til 8:30, Sunday 1:00 to 5 pm SHOP THE P.tftf S PLUS III HI\6 Ol'R MOVING S.4LE S.lll lo< lotl • Wol Mon 5.Ill lo' (ui l.ll • Wol Mori S.lli loi I

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