79fh Year rartsi Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 19. 1969 $1.75 Per Month 24 Pages 10 Cenfs. Nixon's message to Congress Priority attention for improving aid to poor ESCAPES SHOOT UP — Gideon Raphael (hat in hand — 2nd-L), Director General of the Israeli Foreign Ministry, arrives in Tel Aviv, Israel, from Zurich, Switzerland today. He was a passenger aboard the Israeli El AI airliner attacked by four Arab terrorists at Kloten Airport in Zurich yesterday. He says he owed his life to a stewardess who "told me to keep my head down." (UPI Radiotelephoto) 6amsM witness tens of hearing pistol shot Bad weather hampers search for missing DCS airliner NEW ORLEANS (UPI)-Dist.| HAWTHORNE, Nev. (UPI)-,der. about 50 air mUes from Atty. Jim Garrison produced ajGroygj parties, some on skis or|Hawthorne, Nev., where it took witness today wto testified he snowshoes, batUed rain andili"? ' beard one pistol shot and three rifle shots when Preadent Jdrn F. Kennedy was assassinated and saw three men flee from behind tiie Texas School Book Depository Tjuilding in Dallas. Air Sea Rescue Service headquartered at Hamilton Air Force Base, Calif. However, he • r.!.''^' aU but two of 37 search ion an ovemi^t $10 excursion sons questionmg that two of tte planes remained grounded today plan which includes air fare, men escaped in a sUtioa wagon I by the weather. dinner and cocktails. The clues came from persons; The regular roundtrip fare is iwho reported hearing thej The witness, Richard Randolph Can- of Dallas, a crew-cut blonde middle-aged man in a v*eel chair, said under Garri I. 1. J i^"" ' The plane, carrying 32 passen- heavy snow today m tbevr^g^,, and a crew of three, was search for a DC3 airliner I operated by Mineral County missing with 35 persons aboard | Airlines, which also conducts on a "gamblers flight" business' as Hawthone Nevada "We've got three good leads." Airlines, said Col. Clarence Brown of tbe| Most of the passengers were on the return leg of a flight that carries souOiem Califonia customers to a Hawthorne casino parked near building and the Depository driven by "a Latin and the tod walked ^^^^^ engines which away^ loofang ^ though he waSju^d^n, stopped, afraid he was being followed. ^t the Circle L ranch near Carr was the 43rd witness mroyer, Nev., a cowboy said "I fhetrialofClayL. Shaw, 55, a| thought it was coming right retired New Orleans business-! through the house." Col. Brown man who is charged with sajd. conspiring with Lee Harvey j The leads idaced the Da. Oswald and David W. Ferrie toisimUar to the C47 which was murder Kennedy. ! the workhoree of World War II, The Warren Commission con-'in an area deep in snow around eluded Oswald acting alone, Mt. Tom and Mt. Montgomery (Continued on Page 4) ion the California-Nevada bor- Legislation SACRAMENTO (UPD-Sen. Randolph Collier introduced urgency legislation today to exempt property tax refunds this year from the state income tax. Collier, D-Vrdta. also submitted a companion resolution urging congress to declare the $70 refund exempt from the federal income tax. $31.50, but an airline spokesman said, "we only have a few of these passengers." The flight originated Monday night in Long Beach, Calif., where 14 persons boarded the plane. Eighteen others were pudced up later at Burfoank, where they were due to return at 6:30 a.m. Tuesday. The crew was identified as Pilot Fred Hall of San Fernando Valley, Calif.; copHot Ray Earner of Long Beach; and Stewardess Pat Nannes. He last report from Hall came 16 minutes after takeoff from Hawthorne, when he radioed bis flight plan to Tonopah 100 miles ! south. "They might have found a (Continued on Page 2) WASHINGTON (UPI) —President Nixon told Congress today; he is givmg "the blight of' poverty" priority attention and; announced a series of initial steps aimed at improving federal aid to the poor. In his first formal message to Congress, Nixoo declared his Administration's intentions to; fight poverty: "It cannot andi will sot be treated lightly or indifferently, or without the; most searching examination of; how best to marshal the. resources available to the; federal government for combat- 1 ting it" I The President proposed ad-| mlnistrative changes in four; ongoing antipoverty efforts,; including the well-known Job Corps and Head Start programs. And he asked Congress to give the parent antipoverty agency, the OtSce of Economic Opportunity (OEO), funding authority for another year of operations beyond its scheduled June 30 expiration. But Nixon made clear his requests were not his last word this year on the war on poverty. Before July 1, he said, another message will be sent in the form of "a comprehensive proposal for the future of thej poverty program." The President embraced the concept of OEO as an exper imental agency to try out new'that when "incubator" pro- aiitipoverty .programs, and grams proved to be successful, glowingly endorsed a number of they then could be transferred its current efforts. Special, to regular departments, praise was given the pre-school Actions included in the function of Head Start. i message: He also declared his intention j —He directed that prepara to straighten out poverty! tions be made for delegation of programs that have gone sour. I the Head Start program to the "One of the principal aims of Department of Health, Educa- the Administration's continuing tion and Welfare (HEW), study of the antipoverty effort effective July 1. 'Whether this will be to improve its manage- will become permanent •will be ment effectiveness," Nixon said, determined later and word will "When poverty fund monies then be submitted to Congress, are stolen, those hurt most are; —Switch of the Job Corps the poor. When programs are j from OEO to the Labor inefficiently administered, those i Department "as a first step hurt most again are the poor.; toward better program manage- The public generally and the: ment." poor especially have the right to —Proposed outright transfer demand effective and efficient from OEO to HEW of the management. I intend to! comprehensive health centers | provide it." • program and the foster grand- Nixon explained that his parents program. operating immediate plans fell into two categories: —Ddegafion of responsibility of programs, which would require spedal legislation. —Actual transfer of certain programs to departments, which will require congressional approval. "The President promised, however, to continue OEO as an e.\perimental agency of the government in the overfall war on poverty, with the expectation In connection with Head Start and its companion Follow- Through program, the Pres- antipoverty; ident told Congress: not "So crucial is the matter of esriy grotvth that we must make a national commitment to providing all American children an opportunity for healthful and stimulating development during the first five years of life. In delegating Head Start to the Department of HEW, I pledge myself to that commitment." White House officials said this w^s the first time a federal commitment for developmental programs in pre-school years had been promised by a President. Officials said the proposals for the lime being involved no change in the total amount of funds requested for these programs in the cturent and upcoming fiscal year. The goal, according to offi< cials, is to "keep wbat w« hava for the next 18 monBis," then outline more extensive, concrete proposals on a Iwig-range basis. As for the future of tha poverty agency, Nixon said: "OEO's greatest value is as as initiating agency, devising ne?? programs to help the poor and serving as an 'incubator' for these programs during their initial, experimental phases! One of my aims is to free OEO itself to perform these functiona more effectively by providing for a greater concentration of its energies on its izawvativa role." For the near future —at least through the coming fiscal year —appropriations for Head Start and the Job Corps, amountins to about $1 billfon, would ba designated throu^ OEO, although operational conduct ol the programs would be in tha hands of Ite HEW and Labor Departments. East Germans halt highway traffic again BERLIN (UPI)—East Germa-i ability to tie up West Berlin's| Union and other Eastern bloc ny disrupted ti-affic on West access routes. West Beriin! countries West German Berlin's main In^way to thepoUce today delayed all presidential west for.the second consecutive bound traffic over tiie mam: , . y. ^ day today. And it said the flight!dgarture hi^way for 15>^^ ^ ""^^ here Tbursday of West German 1 minutes in the belief that East ' ~ German engineers were dcnng President Heinrich Luebke aboard a US. Air Force transport would be a "provocation." An official statement by (he East Gennan Forogn Miiiistry saki the U.S. Air Force flight n-ould be "misuse of the air routes of tile (East) German Democratic Republic" It said Boo's efforts to "annex" West Beriin wouU ha\'« "unavoidable U.S., Bluish and Frencii idanes have air cociidwt to Berlin under the war time occnpation agraements. West German planes are not alloirad to use (be 204ni]e wide air oonidor and the East Ciermans ban threatened to bait (jemiati ofGcsals xoad trips (o llie city. Aaotiier disturbing note in (be gnnnas Beriin crisis came from Moscow wbere Soviet MarsM Brig 1>fcwta1w*n, defnty dcfttwe to^ttrt and aMle waxtm expert, s»d BlIS^S ^IS SiZtOgOkBBBB^ Its aimed focees beeaiisa of thej "vsy tcBte" tatena&Bd stt- nation bfon^it liy events IQI ViBtaam. tte ICdda East Berim. •BttiOtj of fte_U|h«ay to! West Bcrite oocnmd st thej WesteiB ead «( the UO miles hMd today. Border officii said (fie delay, snpposcdlr to ciieck idwtifiraticn papecs, iieCMi at Bjn. It hadcBd op trafSe, mnMy tnicJK BIOBB HUB ftatl It a engineers were demolition blasting along the road. The East (Jennans bad sdieduled demolition woric on a Soviet tank monument along the autobahn for today and succeeding days, induding (he Feb. 27 date of President Nixon's viat and Mardi 4, the eve of the Westen federal Section the East Gennans are protesting. West Beriin pidiee stopped tr3 £fic frtHu ^ppp ^iji ^iin^ the East Gemnn Sabeisberg diedc- point at 10:25 a.m., but aOairad it to resume wben drivers relayed word from the East Germans that today's blasting * •III 1 1,1 II.,-1 nan neco posqiooea. The intemiption of traffic by East German guards at the West (jerman border badced np trndcs and cars to a mSe and a half. It came one day after the Oonununists baited traffic leaving West Betfin for an hoar and 50 Tn'iatff at the Babels- berg checkpaint. Today's^ iiMpwtinn occmed at ManwJmi, (he Comibnikist' checkpoiat opposite (he West German coolivl stop of Hdm- stedt Itesdar But German botder gttarts at the . Btbdsbarg ^beckpout ^^osed the icotAnBP' for UO minutes. Babdd>erg is at the Beriin end of hi^way. The impoaiiana on traffic came as Western efficiak and the Sast Gacmss tcndd throttle Hie viM owriaad liMmes HIP iaoialBd'City with Ihe traffic bkxdcade came after We^ Germany, with U.S. and British hariring, resterated d^ termiBBtion to bold (he dection as sdieduled. East German worfcemen today began btowing up a former Soriet tank monument alongside the highway leading out of West Berlin to Babelsberg. The Communists said (he project wouki be carried out intermit- tentiy between now and March I and said trafBc may have to be diverted because of it One of the ci|A)uciis ' sefaedided Feb. 27, (he eve of President Ifixon's visit t» tieriia as part of bis Eoropeen (our. Nixon was to fly into the city, UO miles inside Eut (Sennany. Delegates to the West German election also were to fly to Berlin. Tbe East Germans •triier annoiBced they «ouU prohibit Section delegites from leadi- ing Berlin overland. IVieadBy'Si trafBc stoppage at the Babels berg chfi'k point apparently was part of that ban, althiwgb West Berifai ofBdals said it could have been doe to snow on the iugh- way. A Wast Octlin poiiee cj(i(jhi at Dteilindett. on die W< side of the cfaedkpoiDt. said, •The Eart Germans withoat doubt were shomng they can (he control traffic to and from West Berlin. People conoing m from West Gei'iujiDy bttd East «ha Sonet tnoUe on the rotfi sod I dottt see bow the snow eoM ba responsible. We em oeftaisl^ expect am of ttis kiad ef thing ntfl (hk dadiaB fs over." be WeatKer Redlsndi today: High «, lew 40 (To 1:30 p.m.) Year ago today: High 80, low 48 Tuesday: High 49, tow 44 Rain: 24 hrs. .36, storm 1.06, season 1537, last year 6.92 Smetr: None Thursday. Within smog and fire rules, burning OK. Smog Feb. U ,02; Feb. 12 .01; Feb. 13 .02; Feb. 14 .02; Feb. 15 .01; Feb. 16 .01; F*. 17 .01; and F*. 18 .01 at U:30 a.m. Sun: Rises 6:30, sets 5:36. Frett: Lowest temperature in coMest RedUnds area tonight expected to be above freezing. San Bernardino Valley: Hostiy doody tonight with istdated brief showers mainly over foothills and near the mountams. Pueblo crew not instructed on captive conduct CORONADO, Calif. (UPI)The Navy sent the 83 men of Uie USS Puebld on a spy mission to the edge of a Communist country -without tiling them bow to behave if captured. That was the testimony of three officers of the Pueblo before a Navy court of inquiry into Uie ship's capture off the coast of North Korea Jan. 23, 1968. The hearing is in its third phase, dealing with the conduct of the men in captivity. Testimony resumed today before a board of five admirals, witii four more witnesses waiting to describe Uieir U months in a Korean prison. Still at the vibiess table when today's session opened was to be Lt (J.G.) Timothy Harris, 23, Jacksonville, Fla., ^vho began telling the court iiis story l^iesday. Harris was to be foUowed today by CWO Gene H. Lacy, 37, SeatUe. Idke two other officers who testified before him, Harris said his only advice on how to behave as a prisoner of war came befbre he was commissioned, when he was still in Officer Candulate School There, he was told about the U.S. government's official code of conduct for men who became prisoners of war. It forbids any form of collaboration with the enemy and requires a serviceman to tell his captors only his name, rank, service number Sunny to partly cloudy at times Thursday. Continued quite cool. Chance of rainfall 40 per centland date of birth, tonight and 20 per cent tomorrow. SeuHwm , CalHsmia: Consider- aMe ckHidiness tooigfat with isolated brief Aawers lower levels and snow ftnijes «bov« 4,000 feet Sonny to partly doody at times Thursday. Cmtinaed quite cooL Five Jay Feracast: Chance of diowers through the wedcend in Southern (}alifomia with temper- afaircs ranging from two to sev en degrees bdow normal NfltieRel Weethef ai horn andlBS 4 ajn.! HiihLi Mr PrKip. Boston 37 32 .07 Chicago 35 30 Cindmiati 48 21 Des Moines 29 21 FaSriMdB 22 •14 Fort WMfa S3 34 Helena 17 -04 HoooiDki 81 70 Las Vegas 54 41 .31 Loa Ancries 56 45. JO IDnatapoiis 28 3 T. New Yoric 36 32 Mm Springs 70 50 Sacramento 49 46 .35 Salt Lake CUy 37 27 Sao Fraoctsco 52 SO Seattle 54 38 Waihiacfan 37 31 EEgheat..lo«eit«jla GiU Bend. Am.. 71 Havw. Moat. -25. Blount reveals shifts in PO management WASHINGTON (UPI) - Postmaster General Winton M. Blount announced today major shifts in regional post office management and details of new criteria for selectton of postmaster on a nonpolitical basis. Precedence will be given to career Post Office employes wherever possible but, as announced earlier, no member of Congress win have a say in tiie final sdection. Blount detaited his plans at a news conference after an appearance on Capitol HOI before House Republicans «1io subsequently endorsed bis plan to take polices out of tiie maiL Blount told reporters, back at his office, that 13 of tiie Post Office's 15 regional directors would be rciteced. they have agreed to reassignment or retirement, he aaid. Iha two rdnned are Percy Cdeman. diredor of the Hem- Iphis, Ttenn.. icgiMi and C. W. Shoenuter. dmctor at Widrita, Thirteen more arrested on 8erfce/ey campus BERKELEY, Calif. (UPI)Thirteen more persons were arrested at the strike-torn University of California Tues day during five hours of sporadic violence in which stink bombs were thrown, many windows broken, and police pelted witti rocks and bottles. A scheduled noontime rally on Sproul Hall steps by the newly- organized Radical Shident Union was cancelled by school authorities and this angered the strikers and heightened the tempo of protest Another event which incensed strikers occurred witii Uie rough arrest of Jim Nabors, leader of Uie Third World Liberation Front which is in the vanguard of Uie strike. An Alameda County sheriffs deputy began to chase Nabors, who had previously been arrested for blocking a public thoroughfare. California Highway Patrolmen jomed in the pursuit and Nabors was hatded to Uie wet grass by his jacket Stodents closed in on the pair and then partolmen moved into the crowd, swinging nightsticks and receivmg taunts and obscenities. Nine of Uie arrests occurred there. No one was seriously hurt and Nabors was carried off by four policemen. Three more were arrested at Sather Gate where about 300 attempted to blodc the main entrance to the campus for the vast majority of the school's 28,000 students not involved in the strike on behalf of an autonomous Third World school. Eleven of Uiose arrested were students, bringing the total to 90 students arrested so far. The administi-ation has begun moving to hold hearings in the cases of Uie arrested students. Some have been placed on interim suspension pending hearings by a student conduct committee. Stink bombs exploded in Uie crowded stodent cafeteria and outside administration offices in Sproul Hall. Groups of pickets also clogged traffic in the nearby downtown Berkeley area and went to other campus entrances. A few demonstrators also went on a rampage through the Life Sciences Building, breaking inner glass doors smd windows. Patrolmen and deputies formed a wedge and got the demonstrators rounded up near Sproul Hall, but not before rocks, botties and any debris at hand were thrown at them by some of the militants. The crowd began to disperse around 3:30 p.m. The Berkeley campus newspaper meanwhile blasted "empty- headed mobsters" who engage in vandalism. An editorial suggested that "vandalism accomplishes nothing, and only obscures the issues." Judge enters piet of innocent for demonstrators By OOiMLO B. THACiCREr SAN FRANCISCO (UPD- Munidpal Judge Walter Caloag- no ordered innocent pleas entered Tuesday for UO of the 456 demonstrators arrested during a demonstration last month at San Francisco State College. He issued the order after the defendants filed past the judge and refused to enter pleas. Instead, they demanded copies of Uie complaints filed against them. The remainder of the defendants are scheduled to enter pleas before Judge Calcagna today, Thursday and Friday. The demonstrators wera charged with disturbing the peace, failing to disperse and illegal assembly on Jan. 23. C^cagno said tiie defiendanfa would be tried in lots of 10.- beginning Mareh 17. He ordered the pahUc defender's office to represent the students, few ol whom had representotton during Tuesday's appearance. Other developments: —Student Body President Russell Blass described as "groundless" charges by the State Attorney General's Offica that his administration has mishandled student funds. About $500,000 in such funds were frozen by court order. Retribution hinted Israeli Security Counc/7 studies attack on airliner By Unilsd Prau Inlematisnal The Israeli Pariiamoit's Security Council met today at Uie home of Israeli Premier Levi Eshkfd in Jerusalem to discuss Tueaiay's Arab guerrilla attack on an El Al plane at Zurich. A cabinet member hinted at swift retributkm. Informed qieculation in Jerusalem saul the Israelis might strike against Damascus International Airport whose lights are widiitt si^t of ttie Israeli- hdd Golan Heights. The Arab commandos who machinegunned the plane in Zurich said they todc off from Damascus airport The United Stotes, Britain and United Nations Secretary (leneral Thant appealed to Israel not to retaliate, but Isradi transportation mmister Hosbe Carmd warned of jfied consequences to Arab nafions and the Arab airiines. "Our ndghbois cannot, expedj OS to tolerate a ^butkn tAere Israd dvBiaa planes are attadted Willi iavoBity... whila Arab civilian planes continue flying without dishirbances as if nothing had happened," he said. An attack on the Amman airport was not ruled out The Popular Front for the Libera' tion of Palestine said its commandos carried out the Zurich atUck and the front is headquartered in Jordan wbere the Israelis have struck ft-" quently against commando bases. While Uie work! wondered what the Israeli reaction would be new border dadies broke out today along tiie Isradi-Jwdan cease-fire Ime. A spokesman in Amman said Isradi and Jorda-! nian troops fought for 25 minates along the northern Jordan Valley trace line. He said Uiere apparently were "some" Israeli casualties, no Jordanian. An Israeli government com munique announcing the Security Council meeting gave no further details about the committee's discussions but the statement by the transportation minister apparenUy gave strong due to what WM The Arab attack punctured Uie fusdage of tiie El Al Boeing 707 jetliner in scores of places and wounded six occupants.'Aa airline security guard dashed from Uie plane through a hail ot machinegun bullets and killed one of the attackers; he might have killed Uie oUiers but was restrained by Swiss police who captured them. Dr. Marvin Bacaner. a University of Momesota professor who was aboard the plane, was full ol praise for tha security goaid. "If anybody saved ttte plans this man did it," Bacaner said. "The passengers owe their lives to him. After Uie first hurst of fire from the guerrillas we wera lying on the floor. "Suddenly I saw someona cra«4ing atong toward tha pilot's cabm with a gun in his band. At first I was afraid he himsdf was a guerrilla bat tbftn I kotad at his face so I could see he was the pbae's seenrity He said tiie seemity guard (Contumed on Mi 2) .
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