PAGE EIGHT Station In Boston Directs Fight For Democracy By Short Wave BOSTON (UP) — A powerful Boston shortwave station is annoying the dictators these days. The. Italian government, through thf. official; Stefani news agency, has protested the activities of this station. This pleased the WRUL management which is dedicated to a policy of annoying the totalitarian governments. Nor is Nazi Germany at all 'happy about it. During the tense weeks before the Balkan explosion 'a Yugoslav announcer bombarded Germany with news reports and exhortations to resist Nazi pressure. All day long foreign-language newscasts are channeled across •'the Atlantic and to South America in Spanish, German. French, Nor- .wegi&a, Czech, Greek, Croatian, Serbian and Albanian. Aided by Foundations Station- WRUb. officially is listed as the World: Wide Broadcasting Foundation, established, as a non- protit-makiiig- .educational institution.' Some; o£ the expenses are met by grants; from the large educa- - tibriai' foudations. for the operation of .the?.' shortwave.' World Radio University; another activity of the station. The rest is contributed by tuition-paying listeners, who profit from, its-programs in art, music, science and; literature. Walter S. Lemmon,. in.veiitor and business, executive, founded and, became the first president of the radio, university. As a special radio officer at the 'Paris. Peace Conference- he became fascinated with the ; idea- and suggested; it to President Woodrow Wilson, who shared his; enthusiasm. However, it wasn't until 1931 . that Lemmon was. granted a license to build W1XAL, an experimental shortwave station, which became WRUIi a little more than a year ago. Then, just as the- World Radio University was beginning to justify its president's earlier optimism, the European war began. '• New - Policy. Shaped Convinced that real progress with •^his-university would be held up -until the conclusion of hostilities, Lemmon decided to use his station .against totalitarianism. And today the small studio 'in Boston's University club is crowded with a staff of translators, technicians, and foreign language announcers, including a "young -Norwegian whom the Nazis -reported officially dead a year ago. Between its foreign language broadcasts; and its educational programs, 'WRUL has been sandwiching, in a series of special two-way broadcasts -with England which give -little English refugees in New England a chance to talk with' their parents across the sea- All this, is part, of the station's plan to bolster tile morale of the embattled; democracies. Thrust at Ukraine migkt n«t G*r many needed food, but might also lose her vital oil ond'othtr. w«r. needs supplied byor.ttnt acra* Russia; here Nazis would m«e* moil powerf ul mecKoniiad roMStanc* yet SOVIET RUSSIA "r»*:,,::3i;;;.;,.t* f f f t * iYUGOSLAVIA Teheran • ' IRAN Turkey's strong mechanized army, with possible aid by Russia, would make German drive to Near East difficult Mediterranean Sea Iran, lraq : aii fields, now supplying British, tempt attack by Nazis; defenses poor, armies. small at this strategic gateway to India, Orient SAurn ARABIA The Allies The Axis, and Occupied Areas Oil Pipe Lines Possible Axis Drives As German-Italian army pushes into Egypt, British rush aid from east Africa to stem assault on Suez BLYTHEVILLE, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1941 raised from 7000 -to 33,000 a year, lion?—"One apple in any How the machine tool industry ex- may foe bad," paneled from $200 million' in barrel 1939 to $400 million in 1040 to $750 million now. How tank production was stepped up, oven though it meant redesigning the 27-ton medium tank, all except the running gear. And so on, Four big- bomber- plants built. New. powder mills; Five new tank plants. Concerning- the biggest of those Lank plants, Knudsen said, "L went to Chrysler- and. got Chrys- On unemployment—"1,'ve got a notion you, won't hear much about unemployment after- this fall. We had a. lot of young people, sort of lefit out .in the cold in the depression. They're getting interested in going, to wotic," benefit especially from the new freezer, Woolrich said. "The only thing chat Alaskan or North, Atlantic fishing waters have that the Gulf Coast hasn't is icebox weather," the dean commented. "Now Texas boats can simply take their weather with them and freeze their catch almost before the ler to day." agree to make 14 tanks a It- was as simple as that. The $200 million plant was schcd- On prices and; profits — "You fish stop kicking, instead of losing take $12 billion poured into the industrial machine. It brings about .a certain amount of unrest. It 'starts- people talking about profits. What they don't realize is that the profits are coming out of their own pockets." a large percentage through spoilr G. G. Caudill incy Insurance OF ALL KINDS Phone 797 121 So. 2nd St. ulcd to open April 22, and will he turning out its 14 a day by October. Knudsen knows all Uie answers, and he explained patiently how his organization was set up. "Does it work efficiently.?' Senator Ralph. O. Brewster. of. Dexter Me., wanted to know. "Oh, senator!" Knudsen replied with a big grin. "Ill leave that to you. When the laugh on Brewster was over, Knudsen's modesty came to tho fore again. "We handle whatever comes our way," lie said, and waved the idea away with his big hand. "We're all on the same floor/ he went on- to explain. "We can get together every hour. Hillman is right next door to me. I have a private wire to Stimson and Knox and whenever I want to talk to .them I pick up the phone. The biggest part of my work is done on the phone." !'SEES FOR HIMSELF That may apply to. the time Knudsen is in- the office-, but lie spends an amazing part of the on And finally—"I don't find anybody who isn't trying" to do his bit." age. Woolrich predicted that the time is near when frozen foods can be the and the marketed for approximately same price as canned food that the public wil. prefer quick-frozen product. Units of the Woolrieh-BartletL invention wil be manufactured at the University of Texas, and will be leased to users. Income will be used to endow further research. Read Courier News want fimtotte CHAMPION rnnauest in the tfear East— Suez Canal, Russian Ukraine, oil fields— are possibly in NTscn\me o£ things i£ German successes in Balkans and Africa continue. • This Is Moving Day in Gasless Stockholm AUSTIN, Tex. (UP) — Two University of Texas refrigeration experts have- patented an economical "flash-freezing" unit which may speed the day when consumers generally can afford to buy frozen food. L-uis H. Bartlett, university engineer, designed and built the mechanism under the supervision of W. R. Woolrich, engineering dean and refrigeration authority. The unit cost $1500 to construct, less than one-fifth as much as most frozen food: devices of similar capacity now are being sold, the 'r^r^ectinVthKC 'inventors said. It is 5 by 5 by 8 plante to tod out. I feet. In dimensions, and -teh ,-'. , L n \,~ r :- 1 half as much as LllC what, theyre doing—not to checrv up 011 them: or look for trouble, but jus»t to know. Knudsen's office has been vitally concerned with the reliability of plants getting defense contracts. "We usually get in on negotiations before they reach the contract stage. If everything isiVt all right, I recommend; it be reconsidered," Knudsen explained, and then added, "it usually is." -The easiest thing- to do," said Knudsen in summing, up his case for defense production; "would be to build a lot of plants and, fill 'em full of tools, and just, leave 'em there to use. The trouble is, we have to try to hold: down-, plant investment." "And we havent got the times" ' OPM Director Bill KnudseiVs- testimony before the- Truman, committee made one of the best official: performances the. capital has seen, in a long time: Here are some af his terse comments: How did: he feel, about strikes?— "I feel a little better thaa-1 did: a nonth ago." n strikes — "The technique of getting men out on the picket line is perfect. How .to get them in again is what we don't know." What was going to be done about the- aluminum shortage? — "We're going to make some more aluminum." Did Me. Knudsen find any effort, to hold- up defense produc- K EY S T ONE Field & Bulk GARDEN SEEDS BABY CHICKS PURINA FEEDS POULTRY LK.AshcraftCo. 112 E. Main Phone 154 WIRING vanced quick freezing now on the market, they added. Three-Minnie Freezings Bartlett and Woolrich, who obtained patents in the name of the university, said flash-iTec-Jug by immersion in a special fluid medium had been accomplished with their machinery in three minutes, whereas other processes take as much as an hour. Two. tons of food were quick- frozen, by Uie unit in laboratory tests. The food varied from shrimp and greeiv peas to figs and grapefruit. Woolrich said thai the speed with which: the food is frozen determines its "freshness" when prepared, for eating, and that the product of the new machine leads in taste and vitamin content any food, "not fresh from the garden." The 'inventors stressed that the simplicity and compactness of their quick-freezer would make its use practical in- many places where such preservation has not been attempted yet. Low cost, lightweight freezers can be used at the orchard, the truck farm, or even on shipboard. Aid to Fishermen Seen Gulf of Mexico fishermen would No .lor Too Smalt or Too Large! FREE ESTIMATE "No Argument—Our Service Is the Best' WALPOLE'S ELECTRIC SHOP Wiring—Fixtures—Appliances 110 So. 2nd Phone 3H \ RECORD MAKING AT RECORD MAKING TERMS. PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. 5th & Walnut Phone 81f Limited Supply Order Now Phone 273 or Write Us Today TOP GIN Highway Gl North Try this trick in your four-a-day vodvil act. Enterprising^Stockholrn father maneuvers^w^bicydes whilei towing baby carriage along on moving day in gasolineless Stockholm.. And he-daeb.it v,ith- out wakinp .the baby. . • Assembly Line Speed Raises Army Buildings EORT, SAM HOUSTON. Tex. (UP)—Gapt. Maynard D. Pederson says the 24 buildings of the service school here have the assemblv line. Knudsen Tells Inquisitors How He Gets Defense Rolling Washington in a long time is the coming of William S. Knudsen as MeSVginatcd by the auto-1 director of the Office of Produc- motlve industry completed the tioa Management t>vice m tne army plant in Uvo months, weeks last, week he has been before con- ahead of schedule. , gressional committees which arc Excavation crews were followed trying to f.nd out. whats urong by foundation crews. Foundation with the defense .setup, crews were followed by carpenters. First, he went, to the Military Plumbers and painters" put on the Affairs Committee, which could finishings. They were the last to I only scored on labor troubles, then leave. well that he has had the commit- | working in Washington." Gulls rescued the crops of Mormon settler in Utah from invad- itj hordes of crickets in 1848. BY TETER EDSON «ively carded out. Courier Nowa Washington Correspondent! Before these Committees, Mr WASHINGTON — One of the! Knudsen has handled himself so best things that has happened. in teemen eating out of his hand and thinking cverbhing was great, which it was. After Knudsen's testimony before the Truman committee., a little old lady edged her way through the crowd and said she just wanted Lo shake his hand and. pat. him. on the ba and tell him what a good job- he was doing. The man's utter .simplicity and to the Truman Senate Committee, unaffcctcdness. plus a rich sense which really has a chance to do i of humor, and his knowledge oC constructive work in exploring j what he's talking about, enable contracts that may have been him to get things done, too hastilv made and too cxpens- Giving the background of Icaav- ing his job in Detroit to take; over defense, production-, he said simply that one day "the President- called me up on the telephone to sa he wanted me to come down to Washington. I asked for a day to go 16 New York, to tell my people about it. The next day I came to sec the President. It was al over in 15 minutes. I was The story of what he has clone in Washington has of course been told. How the plans for an army of 400.000 were raised to provide for an: army of 1.400,000. How plane production scuciUiles were WADE'S GARAGE Body & Paint Shop Wrecks Repaired Wrecker Service Phone 120J 50G W. Ash FOR APPROVED ALFALFA SEED Lespedeza and Beans and Peas of Various Variety Also Car of STONEVILLE Pedigreed 2-B and 4-B L. R. Matthews Gin Co. Phone 403-W-2 Yarhro, Ark- GET OUR PRICE ON OF ALL KINDS the whiskey of '"FIAYOE-YEMS" Only Time can mature a fin« whisker; to a luxurious' .mellowness. 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