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Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Wednesday, November 8, 1967 Cruel And Unusual The present court challenge to the constitutionality of California's capital punishment law is of national interest because of its bearing on the death penalty in other states. The arguments advanced in the case of Robert Emmett Thornton will merit the thoughtful attention of all who feel concern about this primitive and barbaric survival in our system of justice. Some of the usual practical and philosophical points that are made in any discussion of this matter are not, strictly speaking, at issue in this instance. Whether the death penalty acts as a deterrent to crime, whether the state has the right to deprive a man of his life — such questions are only peripherally involved. The focus of the case is on the question whether the capital punishment law of the state of California jibes with fundamental rights set forth in the Constitution. It is noteworthy in this connection that the American Civil Liberties Union, which for more than 40 years has been devoted to the preservation and strengthening of constitutional guarantees, has joined Thornton's attorney's in arguing the case. The ACLU's main contention is that capital punishment is unconstitutional because it entails "cruel and unusual punishment" within the meaning of the Eighth Amedment. This belief was persuasively affirmed by an early witness at the hearing, Clinton T. Duffy, who during his years as warden of San Quentin Prison supervised 90 executions. Duffy reminded the court that persons sentenced to die are held behind bars all but two or three hours a day and are subject to harrowing fears and tensions while awaiting execution. Some go berserk under these conditions, he said, and some commit suicide or try to do so. This veteran prison official also had something to say on other points — that execution is "an inhuman method in the civilized world of today," that in his experience the deterrent value of the death penalty is almost non-existent, and so on. But these are, in a sense, side issues in the California proceedings. What the court must decide is whether exacting a man's life for his crimes violates the stricture in our basic law against cruel and unusual punishment. Advent Of Winter Winter already has touched the nation, in spite of a laggard calendar which insists that , winter does not begin until the latter part of December. The fact is that winter arrives when it is in the mood. This enchants children but seldom finds adults psychologically prepared. There is a certain irony in that, for it is the adults, not children, who have been preparing. Supplies of cold weather gear have been checked; house and car have been winterized. The trouble is, the householder-driver has not been winterized. Thus it is that the first snowfall finds him struggling to adjust to the season. The winter stretches ahead in his mind not as a time of crystalline beauty, but as months of slippery roads, snow shoveling and overshoes. Children greet winter quite differently. The first drifting flakes of snow produces squeals of delight by the small fry, and a clamor for sleds from the garage. The snow that covers the grass may be no deeper than morning frost, but sled runners produce an interesting tracery on " the faded lawn and there is promise of more to come. That suits the youngsters, and so it should. The earth turns; the wise course is to accept that, and make the most of it. Confederation Holds The story of French President De Gaulle's impact on Canadians is the story of two songs. When De Gaulle visited Canada a few months ago he egged on separatists by shouting their rallying cry, "Vive Quebec Libre," and joined them in singing "La Marseillaise." But the French national anthem was symbolically drowned out the other day when delegates to a convention of the Quebec Liberal Federation spontaneously sang "0 Canada" — in French. Not, too much could be made of this in itself. It is highly significant, however, when taken with the group's unanimous rejection of separatism. The singing of "0 Canada" seems to set the seal on this action, attesting that sentiment among Canadians of French descent is overwhelmingly for striving to attain cultural and economic goals within the machinery of confederation. Timely Quotes Our country is committing crimes (in Vietnam) so monstrous that the only thing more monstrous would be continuing silence in the face of them. —Robert McAfee Brown, professor of religion at Stanford, saying he will "counsel, aid and abet" students refusing service in the armed forces. This is our great adventure — and a wonderful one it is. —Vice President Humphrey on the U.S. effort in Vietnam. The Doctor Says Canadian Study Made of Alcoholic Matings By Dr. W. G. Brandstadt is'3wii?is=^8£»&^^ ' :*•'•'••- : •• *"'•'• •' Washington Notebook Mental Illness Low Among GIs in Vietnam (First of Three Related Articles) A change-over in the attitude of doctors from the idea that alcoholism is a sign of a weak or evil character to the concept that it is a disease with an allergic or a metabolic deficiency component has been taking place gradually in the last 25 years. Now, from Canada comes a study of the women who marry men they know to be alcoholics. It is believed that both husband and wife in such a case are emotionally disturbed. Although both are seeking strength in their marriage, both are disappointed. The wives have been found to fit roughly into one of the following categories: Suffering Sue has an overpowering need to suffer. As long as her husband remains an alcoholic she's got it made but, if, through Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or some other method, he quits drinking she will be forced to find some other reason to gripe. She may then bitterly accuse her husband of neglecting her and the children when he attends his AA meetings. Controlling Kate can be relied on to choose a husband she believes is inferior to her- self so she can dominate him. If he should chance to lick his alcoholism and show a little dominance on his own, the bickering will increase instead of decrease and the marriage may fail. Punitive Poll considers all men unworthy. Her only reason for marrying one is so she can punish him for being such a lout. If he ceases to be a lout she feels that she has been swindled. Wavering Winnie does not want to dominate her husband so much as she wants to protect him. She may even want to cure him. As long as she can give him moral support she feels needed but, when her laudable mission is accom* plished, she feels left out. She is the easiest of the four to set on the right track. She needs only to be persuaded that her husband needs her ability to manage the home and children and needs her encouragement and love whether he is drunk or sober. Some cities now have organ!' zations called Al-Anon for wives of AA members and Ala- teen for their teen-age children who are torn between love for their father and embarrassment about his sickness. These organizations are doing a fine job of bringing about a better family adjustment. Dear Abby Silence of Theft Also a Crime By Abigail Van Buren£ By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NBA) - If U.S. military action in Vietnam were morally wrong — as some congressmen, professors and marchers assert —this "wrongdoing" would be expected to show up in high rates of mental illness among the U.S. troops on the spot. Men with consciences worry when they do wrong. Their mental health worsens. Some have breakdowns. Many find they are not working up to par. The people with mental worries fill a good many of the beds in hospitals in peace and war. Since most bad eggs — and even men with low IQs and low education — are culled out in the selection process for the U.S. military forces — what we have in the U.S. Army in Vietnam is a good cross-section of American young men from average homes where moral standards have been taught. Moral unfittness is one reason for ejecting draftees and vol- The Mature Parent — Remember, 'Speak Softly./ By Muriel Lawrence Why do helpless young people get chewed up by the werewolves which lurk inside many humans? To make my point I've got first to tell you about the dream of a young woman under psychoanalytic treatment who had stood by while her marriage was destroyed by a wolfish mother-in-law. In her dream, an old woman was dying. Somehow, the young woman dreamer knew that the old woman had a knife hidden under her pillow. In her dream she stooped over the old woman and with utmost gentleness said: "You don't have to hide your knife any more. We both know you own it. So I'm slipping it out from under your pillow to place it openly in the kitchen knife rack where it will be available to you whenever you must use it to cut with.", And in the dream she did precisely this. Describing it later to her doctor, she experienced what his profession calls "insight." She knew that the dying old woman was the dying in herself of an old notion that she had to hide her knife — her power to defend herself against enemies. She knew what the dream's symbolic language had meant by her open placement of .the knife in the kitchen rack. It had told her: "The choice to use or not to use your sharp tongue against attackers has at last been made available to you. Your knife is ready whenever you feel it necessary to cut with it." You young people have been trained to hide your self-defensive knives. Unaware that you own them, you've got no choice but to continue to offer Christian kindness to the werewolves when they attack you. The trouble is, it isn't either Christian or kindness. It's your effort to glorify your helplessness. Now, if any of you get the notion that I think it's beautiful to cut up enemies, you'll be most sadly misreading me. I don't. What I'm talking about is CHOICE between cutting and not cutting. I have available to me a very cutting tongue but am seldom obliged to use it. The werewolves know I'm not afraid of them. So they sometimes snarl but they rarely attack. They are very smart creatures. They know exactly what we're up to when we extend that Christian kindness to them which they cannot use. They know that what we're saying is, "Nice doggies, see how sweet I am? Please don't bite me." So on they come, snarling to chew us up. Barbs If you speak to a child of a "steam roller" and he knows what you're saying, you've been talking to a midget with a long memory. A dentist we know is kept busy building bridges toward early retirement. Our next-door neighbor can keep his temper. We've had enough of it, thank you. The fellow who seldom com« plains about his mother-in-law has more kindness in his heart than most of us. It takes two to make a quarrel, and our neighbors across the street never forget it. Long-haired boys in England say it makes them feel superior. To what? Of traffic pests there ain't none greater than the super- superdumb tailgater. A business trip is what occurs when the accounting office catches up with your expense account. The gal who attends all the parties she can get to says she's just an old-fashion girl. Our boss is good, kind, charitable—and 1 o o k in g over our shoulder as we write. unteers. As a result of this fitness criteria, the young 1 American soldiers in Vietnam are men with conciences in good working condition. Clergymen this reporter has talked to in South Vietnam back up this assertion that in the U.S. troops fighting this war there is an unusually high moral average. Certainly there are some rot- ton apples —as there are here at home. But the average of good men is high. The question then is, how are their consciences taking the war? What do the figures show about mental illness among U.S. Army troops in South Vietnam? During World War n, 23 per cent of all cases evacuated medically were evacuated for psychiatric reasons. The percentage in Vietnam has been only a fourth of that —6 per cent. In fact, a medical report on Vietnam states that "the incidence of neuropsychiatric illness in U.S. Army troops in Vietnam, is lower than that recorded in any previous conflict in which U.S. armed forces were involved." Neuropsychiatric illness in U.S. Army troops in Vietnam has been approximately 12 per cent per 1,000 troops a year. This compares with 37 per 1,000 troops a year in the Korean war. In World War II, the mental illness rates were even higher. Neuropsychiatric illness ran as high as 101 per thousand troops per year for the First U.S. Army in Europe. The lowest rates during World War II for an army in combat was 28 per thousand troops per year in the Ninth U.S. Army in the period from September 1944 through May, 1945. Actually, the mental illness rate in South Vietnam among U.S. troops has been lower some months than that for troops in the continental United States. Recently, the rates have been running about the same — at 12 cases of neuropsychiatric illness per thousand troops per year. Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Dally Except Sundays and Holidays other than February 22. November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAKER, Advt. Mgr. Entered as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll. Iowa, under the act of March 2. 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL CarroU County and All Adjoining Counties, per year $13.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year $16.00 All Other Mall in the United States, per year____?20,M Remember Way Back When Nineteen Forty-Two— Miss Geraldine McNaught, who has been on the nursing staff of Mary Greeley Hospital in Ames, has enlisted in the U. S. army nurses corps. Nineteen Forty-Two— The report of a committee which visited the grain-alcohol plant now under construction at Yankton, S. D., was heard at the regular monthly council meeting last night . . . Interest in the corn-alcohol plant has slackened perceptably, Mayor A. N. Neu said today. The committee . . . found that there are several obstacles in the way of such a plant here. Nineteen Forty-two— Bill Evers of Westside was elected master councilor of Hugh de Payen Chapter, De Molay, at a semi-annual election here in the Masonic Temple Monday. He succeeds Bob McCord . . . Bob McConkie was elected senior councilor and David Williams, junior councilor, and Paul Helmer, scribe. Nineteen Forty-Two— Automobile dealers from Carroll, Greene, Crawford, Shelby and Guthrie Counties met at the Burke Hotel Wednesday evening to perfect a district organization of the Automobile Dealers' Assn. . . Auto dealers are confronted with numerous problems . . . shortage of materials for repairs . . . drain on mechanics taken by the armed services and the lack of automobiles for sale. DEAR ABBY: I am going to write this quickly and mail it, so I won't have a chance to reconsider and close my eyes to a wrong. My son recently told me about some youngsters in our neighborhood who steal bikes, remove the parts, rebuild and sell both rebuilt bikes and extra parts. I asked him how these youngsters managed to get away with it without their parents knowing about it, and he says the kids tell their parents that the bike belongs to another boy, and they bought the spare parts with their allowances. I am appalled at the whole thing. I can't expect my boy to reveal the names of these boys, and my husband would think it unseemly if I were to bring this to the attention of the authorities. You are the only way I have of warning parents who unknowingly may be allowing their children to continue this practice. I do not condone my own child's acceptance of this behavior and have asked him to avoid this group of friends until they, too, become aware of their unacceptable behavior and stop it. CONCERNED DEAR CONCERNED: A boy who is old enough to "rebuild" a bike, is old enough to know he is breaking the law. While your son may not be guilty of stealing, he is guilty of another "crime." (Knowing of thievery Woman's World Back a Cause Because..... By Betty Canary My eldest looked up from reading the newspaper and said, "It says here an Englishwoman, Mrs. Hazel Francis, got a master of arts degree with a thesis entitled Learning to Talk. She followed her little boy around and wrote down what he said all day. Why didn't you think of that?" I should have told him the truth, that I was busy trying to find a way to make mine learn to be quiet, but I was too engrossed in a personal problem. "When all her children are in school a woman must turn to outside interests," is something I have heard innumerable times, you see, and I have been wasting my time. I tried a yoga class, having been told this philosophy of physical culture would stretch my mind as well as my spine, but I gave it up when I caught a glimpse of myself in the mirror while doing the lion. Since that class I have joined nothing. There was a group not long ago trying to get clothes on all the animals in the United States but this organization is now defunct. Then I was told there is a push on to see that Bach is never again performed on a piano. Apparently, the harpsichord is THE instrument. And, I was intrigued to learn, while in Missouri, that a manufacturer in that state has erected the largest purple martin apartment house in the country. I learned that residents of the Midwest are trying to get purple martin to come back in force and eat all the mosquitoes. An old friend, Cliff Robinson, a reporter on the Louisville Courier Journal, confirmed this. He suggested I come and see for myself. "What would I have to do to help?" "Really dedicated persons sit on a roof and watch for the first martin. That's what I was doing when you called." "In November?" "All I saw-were 47 starlings. I think they were flying a basket to somebody's silo," he said sadly. I turned down his invitation. Some of us are basically non- joiners. and keeping quiet.) I do approve of friends informing-^ one another, but a real "friencl? would do all in his power Jo set his companions straight. ~~ I hope the parents of t&e guilty boys see this, and chegK out the stories their sons teH about "buying" spare parHi and repairing another bo;jg| bike. And if they discover that their sons have stolen bikesj they should insist they are t& turned to their rightful owners-. Otherwise they should rep«j their own sons to the authorities. Stealing is stealing. And the successful petty thief goes on to bigger things. ~~ DEAR ABBY: You let me down when you wrote in your column that you thought it was all right for a married man to go to a "stag" party. Abby, my husband thinks your word is holy, and when he read that he really shoved it under my nose. Surely you are aware of what goes on at stags? They always have girls doing striptease dances and even movies for men only that are so bad your husband won't even tell you what they were about. MARGOT DEAR MARGOT: Sorry about that. My definition of "stag" is simply a social engagement for men only. DEAR ABBY: I couldn't believe my eyes when I saw where you said it was O.K. for a married man to go to a stag. Don't you know they always have naked women there? I always tell my h u s b a n d- when he goes out with the boys, if he wants to see a naked lady he should come home. HAPPY CONFIDENTIAL TO "Would Rather Dance Than Eat": One does not dance very long on an empty stomach. Waltz yourself over to the employment agency and take what you can get. DEAR ABBY: Here is what the security guards of the 71st transport battalion want for Christmas: Sgt. Burge: To be alive for next Christmas.- Sgt. Author: To be home with my new car. Spec. 4 Hoppenjans: More mail. Spec. 4 Tomazzoli: Assigned to an airborne unit. Pfc. Reading: A fifth of good Scotch. Pfc. Barnes, 8x10 picture of my girl. Pfc. McSorely: More mail. Pfc. Phillips: Phone call to my girl. Pfc. Crowther: The war in Vietnam to end. Pfc. Gonzales: A car waiting for me when I get home. Pfc. Allison: A civilian suit. Pfc. Rosario: My girl waiting for me when I get home. Pfc. Godfrey: More mail. Pfc. Kilkenny: A discharge. Pfc. Monroe: Electric guitar. Pfc. Cooper: Money. Pfc. Sexton: My girl waiting for me when I get home. THE S. G.'s of the 71st DEAR ABBY: We read you in Stars and Stripes and love you over here. What would you like for Christmas, Abby? PFC. MICHAEL GREENE DEAR MICHAEL: Peace! Peace this very moment. Over there. Right here. And peace for all people on the face of the earth.