FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND. MD., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1952 Phone 4600 for a WANT AD Taker Evening & Sunday Times The Timid Soul Kv«ry Atternocm (except Sunday) uid Sunday Mornins. Published by The Times and Alleganian Company. 1-9 Bouta Mechanic Street, Curaoerland. Md. Entered «» second clsss mail matter a: Cumberland. Maryland, under the act of March 3. 1379 Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulation Member of The Associated Press Telephone 4600 Weekly nibscrlptlon rate tjy Carriers: One wee!: Ei-«. only 30c; Evening Times per copy. 5c; Eve & Sun. Times, toe per weeic; Sunday Times only. lOc per copy. The Evening Times and Sunday Times assume no financial responslbl'lty lor typographical errors in advertise- ments'but will reprint that part oJ an advertisement in which the typographical error occurs. Errors mU»t b* reported at once. Monday Afternoon, February 11. 1952 OUR COUNTRY . The union of hearts, the union ot hands and the Flag at our Union forever. — Morris Threat To Press THE PUBLIC DEBATE over Senator McCarthy's charges of communism in government will rage on. It is fitting that the pros and cons be argued vigorously and openly. But there Ls no place in this give- and-take for threats *of punitive action against any who have entered the fray. Last fall Time magazine published an article generally critcal of McCarthy and the methods he ha,s used in developing his charges. Apparently McCarthy wrote to complain of what he said were false statements in the story. More recently the Senator drafted a letter to Time's editor in chief, Henry R. Luce, reminding him that the magazine had not "corrected a single one of the false statements." McCarthy went on to inform Luce that if no action •were taken he intended to put his case before "all of your advertisers." "AS YOU OF COURSE know," said McCarthy in his letter, "I am preparing material on Time magazine to furnish all of your advertisers "so they may be fully aware of the type of publication which they- are supporting." There is no intent here to argue the accuracy of Time's story. There is only the purpose to defend Time's right to report the issvje as it sees it, without fear that stern punishment will be visited upon the magazine for criticizing the Senator. An avowed plan to influence the magazine's advertisers Ls plainly a program to cripple : Time through curtailment of its revenues. This is an attempt to silence a nation-wide news organ on an issue of paramount importance. Successful intimidation would clearly constitute an infringement of press .freedom, one of the elemental liberties of the American people. WHEN HONEST criticism by the press is stifled, the whole structure of democratic freedom is imperiled. Indeed, the atmosphere may fairly be described as unhealthy when even threats to intimidate the press can be delivered with impunity. For if we do not take alarm when so basic a liberty as this is challenged, when shall we? Whether or not McCarthy's complaints against the magazine are warranted, in this nation the remedy cannot lie in action which, if successful, would strike a hard blow at the liberties we are struggling to preserve. Historic Decision '. ONE OF THE MOST important decisions ever handed down by the United States Supreme Court was on a case which concerned the political appointment of an c'-scure minor official, William Marbury. The Court ruled that it did not have the authority to Issue a writ of mandamus which would compel James Madison, then secretary of state under Jefferson, to deliver a commission granted to Marbury during the term of President Adams. Jefferson had decided to withhold Marbury's commission. The Court decided that it was without power to act because the Elsworth Judiciary Law, which would have authorized it to intervene, was unconstitutional. It was the first time that the Court stated its now basic position that Congress can make no laws repugnant to the Constitution. The Supreme Court is one of the most revered of American institutions. It is the final check on the authority of the President and Congress. Its place In the minds and hearts of Americans became apparent when President Frankln D. Rooevelt, at the height of his popularity, tried to change the makeup of the court. Even some of his stanchcst supporters opposed him on the issue. The Marbury versus Madison case is listed among the important judicial prececents of all times. The original matter at issue. however, is scarcely remembered. Far- reaching effects often stem from affairs which at their beginning .seem to be even less significant than a tempest in a teapot. It cannot be guessed how far .such a tempest may spread. Governor From Home FOR THE FIRST TIME in its history, Canada has a governor general who is a native Canadian. Vincent Ma&sey. who has been appointed to the post, also has close ties in the United States: he was the first Canadian minister to Washington and is the brother of Raymond Massey, actor of Hollywood and New York who i.s especially noted for his portrayals of Abraham Lincoln. The governor sencr.il is the* British King's representative in Canada. Another interesting feature of Massey's background is that he also has represented his dominion in London as Canadian hiph commissioner. While the position of the governor general is'now largely a ceremonial one. he does have certain powers, including the important one of naming members ot" the Senate, who are appointed by the Crown and hold their jobs for life. The choice of Massey for this job emphasizes anew 1hc high degree of Canada's independence as a member of the British Commonwealth. It is a recognition by the Crown that Canada has an ample number of capable leaders among its own people, and that there is no necessity of sending others there from the parent kingdom. The Canadian people must be well pleased with the selection, and it should further -strengthen their political life, which already has enviable solidarity. * FOLLOW GYA THOROUGH IT MIGH T NOT To RNISH UNr/Li ( Ger A MR OF FLERGS AFTASCRAPe RUB-IN WITH FLERG'S AFTASCRAPE . MIL-QUBTOAST, USING A AJEW, 6RAND OF SOAP CALLED FLERQS 6CARD BUBBLES, NOTICES DEFINITE INSTRUCTIONS ONlF/E CONTAINER Copyright. 1952. Ne. To* HtroM Trib««t I By w. T. WEBSTER Whitney Bolton Looking Sideways Thomas L. Stokes South Fears Alaska And Hawaii As States WASHINGTON — There are two Democratic parties. One writes a platform at national conventions, wins elections and installs a President in the White House. Then, for the next four years, the other Democratic party, a minority, takes command, repudiates parts of the platform, and takes delight in bedeviling the nominal leader of the party, the President of the United States. This is, of course, no new discovery, but a long-established fact that happens to be dramatized again here now. It is well worth recalling so that you, the citizen and voter, may understand some of the odd things going on now In Congress, including the blockade in the Senate against bills to give statehood to Alaska and Hawaii. Both territories not only are now qualified for this on every count, and entitled to it, but it also would strengthen our line of .defense in the Pacific, militarily and by removing any issue of colonialism which the Communists now are stressing so heavily in that area of the world. Simple, again, if unbelievable. It is because admission of two more states would'mean four more Senators, and the Southern Democratic party is afraid this might throw the balance against it so that civil rights bills could be considered by the Senate. WHO HOLDS these bills up? Simple — the second Democratic party referred to previously, which is composed of Southern Democrats. It is able, on this as on many other issues, to win sufficient Republican allies to form the major party—in the Senate on this particular issue. In this case there is a double repudiation of party platform pledges, for both parties for a long time have adopted planks favoring statehood for both of these territories. What is the reason for the second Democratic party's opposition to these statehood bills? THE SENATE, as you know, is the South's bulwark on civil rights legislation because of the ready weapon available there—the familiar filibuster. That means the right to talk forever and tie up all legislative business. It is an effective weapon, and always has worked on civil rights. Pour more Senators might swing the balance for an effective cloture rule to limit debate and break filibusters. All such efforts have failed up to now. In fact, in the last Congress the existing cloture rule, which was virtually no good at all, was weakened still further — and that was only possible through Republican votes. Now it is practically impossible to break a filibuster. This situation, so far as the South is concerned, is comparable to pre- Clvil War days. Then, you'll remember from your history, the South fought every inch of the way against admitting new "free" states, that is, where slavery would be prohibited. That would upset the power of the slave-holding South in Congress, where it had exercised control since the founding of the nation, and let it pass to the North where it logically belonged by then through every requisite — population, economic development, and financial support of the national government. Some clear-headed Southerners saw this, and warned against resist- Peter Edson Three Bis; Jobs Face. Lisbon Conference WASHINGTON (NBA) — Three big jobs confront the North Atlantic Treaty Organization conference scheduled for Lisbon, Portugal, late this month. The first one is to approve creation of the united, European army. It is now referred to in diplomatic alphabetical shorthand as EDF— European Defense Force. The second is to approve a unified budget to support the EDF, each country contributing its fair share. Third job is to streamline the cumbersome NATO international bureaucracy. This will include creation of a 14- man governing council and a single, top civilian Director General with a permanent headquarters. If by some international political hocus pocus the European army can't be approved at the Lisbon conference, there is believed to bo only one alternative. It is to take Germany into the North Atlantic Treaty organization as the 15th fully participating member. German participation in the European Defense Force has at t, ies seemed all set over the past six months. Then some monkey wrench is thrown into the proceedings, like the recent French revival of the Saar dispute. And the whole program has been thrown for a loss. AMERICAN officials arr. now convinced that Germany can no longer be considered as a mere contributor of bodies, rifles and military production for European defense. Germany's initial defense budget is in the nature of four billion dollars—largest In Western Europe and only three-quarters of a billion less than Britain's. Germany must be taken into full partnership, one way or another. This will require approval at Lisbon, then ratification by each member government, separately. This may take six months since parliamentary machinery grinds so slowly. Getting agreement on a NATO military budget at Lisbon may be equally difficult. Here the recommendations of TCC—the Temporary Council Committee will play an important part in getting all the NATO countries to increase their military expenditures. the Lisbon conference to try to Iron out final wrinkles. Discussion of the NATO military budget is now all fogged up by a phony censorship. American, Canadian, British and French budgets are all a matter of record. But some of the smaller countries are extremely sensitive about having this information disclosed. THE SO-CALLED "three wise men" of this committee are W. Averell Harriman for the U. S.. Sir Edwin Plowden for Britain, Jean Monnet for France. They will meet in Paris ahead ot History From The Times Files BUDGET figures are of course subject to change. The U. S. defense budget of 52 billion dollars plus ten billion for foreign military assistance may be cut by Congress. If these cuts arc too big, the effect will be felt abroad. Europeans will then be able to say, "You want us to do more, but we aren't able. And you aren't able to do what you'd like to do, either." Any idea for a long-range, three or four-year military budget for NATO has been dropped. The totals are too staggering. All pressure is now to be put on doing as much as possible each year, with an annual review of requirements and capabilities thereafter. With some 500 ministers, generals, experts and advisers in attendance at the Rome NATO meeting, reorganizations became essential. Lisbon will be a little better. Each country has been limited to a delegation of 20. for all 14 countries, TEN YEARS AGO February 11. 1942 French luxury liner. Normanriic, keels over in her pier in New York harbor, after burning. Republicans plan for Lincoln Day dinners with Wilkio. Dcwcy. Taft and Landon in speaking positions. MacArthur battling for hold on Philippines while British defenses battle at Sine.iporc. Office of the Tri-State Paper Company robbed. THIRTY YEARS AGO February 11, 1922 Cumberland a n d Wcsternport Electric Railway discontinues freight service. Derailment of 15 coal cars at Sloan ties up Western Maryland traffic. Drive pets under way here against liquor and carnbiins law violations. TWENTY YEARS AGC February 11, 1032 Governor Albert C. Ritchie calls for "adequate defense of the nation" in a Washington bi-centennial address. Baltimore's Hotel Rennert goes into receivership. FORTY YEARS AGO February 11. 1912 Death of Charles Isrelson, glassworker, born in Sweden. Basketball for girls introduced into local schools. Death of Mrs. Clifford Biddington, Mt. Savage. CREATION of a 14-mcmber executive Council will provide NATO with a compact board of directors to run the business between the larger conferences. Maj.-Gcn. William H. Draper has been designated a,s U. S. representative on this Council. Its permanent headquarters will be probably in Paris. The British want, it established in London. But the desire to keep the Council close to General Eisenhower's supreme military headquarters will probably rule in favor of Pans. Another biij job will be to select a single, civilian Director General for the Council and NATO. Present thoueht is that- he should not, be an American, but a representative Of a smaller power. Likely nominees are Harvard I HAVE-NOT quite gotten to that age at which I sit on a stoop in. the sun and watch girls with pretty legs walking by, b-.it I do take a professional gander at the legs of the ballet kids around 57th Street every now and then and have come to the conclusion that what they needed a few years ago was a little harnessed ambition and a lot of Ta- rnara Geva. Most of these kids look as though they had stuffed boxing gloves in the calves of their legs, and when »they walk it appears as though those boxing gloves had lead in them. This is • neither right nor needful, as Miss Geva, w,hom 1 openly adore, has pointed out with acid firmness every now and then. ance to the natural shift of political power, but in vain. SO WE HAD a bloody civil war— over slavery, yes, but also over control of the national government. Who really won at Appotnattox? You may find an answer in continued Southern control in Congress today as exemplified in the barrier raised against Alaska-Hawaii statehood bills in the Senate where, if worse comes to worst, the filibuster could be resorted to. Twice the House has passed a bill for Hawaii and once for Alaska. Curiously enough, the South uses a reverse process on another issue affecting rights of Americans,, the right of citizens of our national capitol to vote and manage their own affairs, which is now denied. SOUTHERNERS depend on the House to block Washington home- rule bills, as this is a matter of such simple justice that Southern Senators do not dare to conduct a prolonged filibuster. The Senate recently passed a home-rule bill. Reliance to kill It Is placed, instead, in the Southern chairman of the House District of Columbia Committee, Rep. John L. McMillan, who just buries it in his committee. A civil rights issue is at stake here, too. The Southern bloc does not want home-rule here because Negroes would be permitted to vote and have an influence in affairs. These are simple truths about your Congress which cannot be hidden by any number • of windy speeches about the Constitution and other extraneous matters that have no bearing whatever on the plain issues. (United Feature Syndicate. Inc.) MISS GEVA, a prima ballerina absoluta in the days when she wanted to dance, has a serious yelp against American mothers and American dancing schools, claiming with some heat that both of them suffer from an acute case of the greeds. The mothers are greedy to have daughters become ballerinas and the schools are greedy for the tuitions. The result is young ballerinas with bunched calves. Miss Geva's own legs are lissome and bunchless. They have a piquant charm about them and there isn't a huddled or strung-out muscle in them. I 'frankly admire Miss Geva's skilled legs very much and any man who doesn't is either ill or blind. Several times, while whisking past 57th Street with her, I have seen the kids with the bunched up calves look liikingly at the Geva stems, which means that even ballerinas wish they had a pair of the same. The Geva opinion is that no girl child should ever begin studying ballet until she is 10 years old. This is the Russian theory and, Miss Geva, being a White Russian filled -with passionate loyalty to the U. S., I have no reluctance to use the word Russian. the rigors of ballet training at that age and harm is done to the muscles and the legs. Apparently, the fever for ballet in this country has reached such a pitch that kids as young as four years old are undergoing training in ballet and they look, when ready for professional work, as though their legs had melted into their calves Some months ago two or three actress mothers asked Miss Geva if she would undertake to teach ballet to their restless daughters. Miss Geva, who knew the children, replied in each case that she would rather be shot first. She tried to point out to each mother that irreparable' harm would be done to the children and their muscular setup and asked them to name one- just one—Russian ballerina with cobble-stone calves. THE FRENCH and Italian schools of ballet do not hesitate to start little girls in training at. around five or six years of age, with the result that they end up in their teens with bunched muscles. Their young muscles are not ready for "THEY DO NOT exist," Miss Geva pointed out, "because in Russia there was no mania to force little girls into ballet It is strange in France and Italy and, in this country, there is a race on, apparently. The race is to see which can be accomplished first: getting the baby to become a ballerina or become housebroken. "I will not be surprised some day to see a troupe of little ballerina's all 18 months old. Little girls should be allowed to grow -up first. Then- muscles must be treated with care. No child of five or six is ready for ballet training. Her body isn't ready. She is still a baby. "When she is 10 years old—and only if she has an immediate aptitude for it—she is ready for light training. Some Dalcroze, some rhythm work, very little bar work. When she is 12, then actual ballet training may be undertaken. I wish mothers , were not so seamingly eager to see their tykes in tou-tous and on the points. It is as dreadful as the old Chinese custom of binding women's feet." Do you think you could persuade Miss Geva to abandon this fixed and stormy point of view? It would be easier for you to go out with your bare hands and bend a length of railroad iron. Miss Geva is inflexible. (McNaught Syndicate, Inc.) Marquis Childs Hear Washington Calling WASHINGTON —Along with the' songs and the merrymaking at the recent Republican rally held here went some determined politicking. Party leaders speaking of the Korean War said that either everything should be done to win or the United States should pull out. That kind of either/or choice is still another illustration of the political pressures on difficult military decisions in this Presidential year. The pressure is certain to grow, especially as informed observers see the Korean truce negotiations dragging on for weeks or months with Communist negotiators testing the patience of the United Nations command. The either/or pressure may become irresistible. The powerful support for bombing Manchurlan airfields and even Chinese ports and cities will become more articulate as the bickering in the truce tent in Panmunjom seems to become more and more futile. tend to confirm the deep-seated suspicion that the white man is perfectly willing to unleash mass destruction so long as it is employed against brown and yellow peoples who are considered expendable. TOP POLICY makers have reached no final decision on the course to follow (1) if the truce negotiations are broken off or (2) if the Communists violate terms finally agreed to. At least two working papers containing a range of proposed action are before the National Security Council for consideration. The proposals go from tightening the eco- ' nctnic sanctions now in force against the Chinese mainland to bombing vital -Chinese centers as well as the Manchurian fields. To tighten economic sanctions would mean comparatively little. Each paper under study before the NSC lists at the outset the ways in which these steps could be carried out. Most desirable of all, it is pointed out, would be through the United Nations after due approval by the U. N. Security Council. If this fails, the next best method would be by approval of all the 14 nations v.-ith troops in Korea. Should it be impossible to get the okay of all 14, then the steps would be taken in partnership- with Great Britain. And, finally, all else failing, the United States would go It alone; this last course being, it is stressed, highly undesirable. DURING THE height of the anti- Western rioting in Cairo recently, this reporter was talking with a prominent Egyptian now on a lecture tour to present his country's viewpoint to Americans. He is In no sense a fanatic. Asked about the effect of U. S. bombing in China, he replied: "You would lose every friend you have in Asia. And I can add to that every friend you have in Africa as well." Those who urge an all-out attack if the truce negotiations are inconclusive are for the most part in the right wing of the Republican party. They include the ardent followers of General Douglas MacArthur. The other day Governor James R Byrnes of South Carolina added his voice to the all-out chorus. AT THAT point the fierce cross currents of world politics would be intensified. Most of the discussion about bombing Chinese centers a.s a reprisal or in an effort to end the Korean War has been concerned with whether this would cause the Moscow-Peiping mutual assistance pact to come into being and brine; Russia into an all-out war. But from another perspective the consequences could be, for the long run, perhaps even more serious. A current theory, with some supporting evidence, i.s that Moscow wants to force the United States to break off the truce negotiations and then go on to carry out reprisal bombing. Especially if this were done without any partners, the United States, in the Communist belief, would alienate all of Asia, including those who now want to be our friends as well as those who are on the fence. While it would 'depend partly on circumstances, American bombing with the propaganda which com~ munism could whip up might v,vil have disastrous effects. It would Lana:c- of Norway. Paul Hcr.ri Spaak of 3ci:»;um, and Dirk U". Stikker of The Netherlands. THE POLITICS of the Korean War arc actually more subtle and complicated than a first glance would indicate. It was John Foster Dulles" Republican adviser to Secretary of State Dean Achcson. who pledged American assistance to the South Korean republic only a few days before the Korean War began. In Tokyo when the North Koreans Invaded, Dulles had not a little to do with influencing the decision taken in Washington to put down the Communist aggression. Yet the most vocal Republican candidate for President, Senator Robert A, Taft, repeatedly calls Korea "Truman's war" and an "unnecessary war." Either/or choices may be an inevitable feature of an election year. But in this dangerous, complex, deeply troubled world, such either/ or choices are likely to lead to only one thing—all-out conflict. (United P>ature SynrilcaLr, inc.) So They Say I still personally would be very receptive to the idea that we (Democrats) and the Republicans nominate him (General Eisenhower) with different vice presidential candidates. —Sen. Paul Douglas. Juries are not bound by what seems inescapable logic to judges. —Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson. Of all the forms of tyranny over the mind of man. none is more terrible than fear. —Paul Hoffman, director of the Ford Foundation. I'm glad that at long last the President, realizes that there is something definitely wronc with the moral standards of his administration. —Rep. Robert Kcarn (R., N. j.). Your analysis is faulty, your arguments specious and your conclusions wrong. Outside of that, it was a eood piece of work. —Rear Adm. R. E. Libby to a Red truce negotiator. The once proud Democratic party is the helpless captive of a hybrid combination of socialists, corrup- tionists and spenders. —Walter Hallanan. Republican National commit iceman. Hal Boyle AP Reporter's Notebook By BOB THOMAS (For Hal Boyle) HOLLYWOOD — One. of the most envied actresses in Hollywood is Elsa Lanchester. The reason: She is always working. The professional life of an actress is rather short, compared to most occupations. But in her almost two decades in Hollywood, Miss Lanchester has been Hitting from picture to picture and is currently finishing a string of four in a row. As if that isn't enough, she has been appearing nightly .for the past few years at the local Turnabout theater. This week she plans to take off for another phase of her career. She will sing her puckish songs at the New York night club, the Blue Angel. And soon she will embark on a career on the concert stage. Mis§ Lanchester has been called "laugh insurance" for the movies, since her mere appearance can give a picture a lift. I lunched with her and tried to find out some of her reasons for success. "I'M A VERY serious worker," she disclosed. "I don't strain to be funny. I think the comedy comes from the fact that I am so intent, For instance, in 'Dream Boat,' I played a college professor who chases Clifton Webb. I'm very serious about it, and that's why I think it will be funny. As a matter of fact, I think it is only logical that Webb should marry me in the script. Unfortunately, that does not occur." Most actors riffle through scripts that ara submitted to them and their acceptance is determined by the length of the roles. Miss Lanchester is also selective about scripts, but the size of roles is neither here nor there. "I don't care how long a. role is, as long as it bears seme relation to the plot," she explained. "The role I did in 'The Razor's Edge' took only an afternoon to shoot, but it was important to the story. "The roles I won't take are those which feature me only in the prologue or epilogue to the picture. So many pictures are told in flashbacks, and producers tried to type me as the one who tells the story in retrospect. A few years ago, I turned down five or seven scripts merely because I had no relation to the main plot. I believe I infuriated a number of producers because of it." MISS LANCHESTER has amazed Hollywood by her long engagement at the Turnabout theatre, where she performs nightly for no compensation. I asked her the reasons for the lengthy run. "The engagement is not without compensation," she remarked. "I am not paid in money for two reasons; Since Charles (Laughton, her husband) and I file joint income tax returns in California, the small added income would mean nothing and merely complicate matters; also, the theater could not afford it. "But in return for my services, I am given the rights to the special songs -which the producer, Foreman Brown, has written for me. These have proven very valuable in providing material for me in night clubs, and will later in concerts. "Also, I think it is a good idea to be before the local public in Hollywood. The producers know you are available and will think of you when a part comes along." (Associated Press) /. M. Roberts, Jr. Interpreting The News A SPECIAL subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee has served notice on squabbling western Europeans that if they don't drop their nationalistic squabbling and get together on the defense program, they're liable to get their water cut off. The warning was directed largely against Germany, which was visited by the subcommittee last fall, ana the report itself apparently did not take cognizance of the most recent divergencies between Germany and France. At a news conference, however, members made it clear they didn't consider the Saar, or Germany's membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, as germane to the main question of whether Europe as a whole would earn, by utmost exertion in its own behalf, the help the U. S. was willing to give on no other basis. "THE SUBCOMMITTEE regrets bargaining by Germany and other nations to attain^iation- al interests or objectives," said the report. The treaty creating a European defense community and the new contractual agreement between Germany and the Allies should go forward at once, it added. And then the committee adrlcd its advice to America and its warning to Europe: "The continuation of United States assistance to Germany and other nations should be related to the progress which is being made in ending the delays in the German defense contribution and German participation in the integration of Europe. " The policy of the United States has been based on self-help and mutual cooperation. We believe that this policy needs now to develop into a policy of aid given on a stcp-by-stcp basis in relation to the progress made in the attainment of the economic, political and military objectives of the free world." THESE ARE expressions of exasperation which Europe cannot help but heed. Adenauer, fighting political pressure in the Bundestag, ha.-, veered off from his nationalism of the pa.st few weeks to warn Gcrmnny of what ?-eally is the great menace — a vast Russian military force beyond TRoooovoglhich could march against Europe "in 24 hours" if the Kremlin wills it. But if German bloodpressurr. seems to be Boinc down a bit, there is evidence of the opposite in P.iri.x Prance- has repressed new opposition to Germany as a NATO member and made what American diplomats think was an unnecessary and certainly tin! imply faux pas in the Saar. There has been no time for Europe to react to the congressional report. But the warning in it. for them is that, however they may consider their various positions to he, they'd better reconsider now essential these issues are a.s again.-.t the main. job. The Button Game MANUFACTURERS of campaign button.'. and other election novelties are always plad when there are a number of contenders for ;.he piT.siciomial nomination on both tickets-. This year pro-convention buttons have already appeared for four Republican candidates. \Vith only one Democrat, Senator Estes Kefauver. an avowed candidate the Democrats trail in the button department. Campaign gadget advertising has iaken on many new forms in recent years. Scarves, ties, .stamps and .stickers bearing the picture or the name of a particular candidate have stimulated the novelty business. These- items run into great expenses for the political parties or for the supporters of an individual.
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