Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on May 23, 1957 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

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Thursday, May 23, 1957
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FOUR BVKN1NG TIMES, COMBERIMNO, MD., THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1957 Dial PA 2-4600 for a WANT AD Taker Evening nnd Sunday Times ' Every Afternoon (except Sunday) and Sunday Moraine Published br The Times and Alifgaaina Company 7-9 South Mechanic Street. Cumberland, Md. Entered «i accond clasi mall mattfr el Cumberland, Maryland, under the act of March 3, 1879 Member cf the Audit Bureau of Circulation Member of The Associated Pteis Plione PA 2-4600 How to Torture Your Wife A WEBSTER CLASSIC Weekly *ubscripUoo ral* by Carriers: One week E%enins only 36c. CvenLac Times per copy 6ci E-vcalas and Sunday Times +6c per week; Sunday Time* or.ly, tOc per copy. Hall Subscription Ralei Evening Times lit, 2nd, 3rd and fib Posia) Zones 1.25 Month t7.<M etc Montbc *H.OO One Y««r Elh, 6lh, 1th and 8th POSU1 Zones 11.50 Mocih S3 50 Six Months $17.00 One Vear Mail Subscription Rates Sunday Times Only 1st, 2nd, 3rd and fllh PoitaJ tone* .50 One Month $1.00 Si* Months 16.00 One Year 5th, 6lh, 7th and Sib Po&UJ iUmc* .60 One Month $3,60 Six Months 17.20 One Vear The Evening Times and Sunday Times assumes no financial respoosibllity lor typographical errors In advertisements but will reprint thai pan ol an ad fc'ertisettieut In which the typographical error occurs. Errors must be reported at once. Thursday Afternoon, May 23, 1957 OUR COUNTRY union cf hearts, the union ol ft ant/5 and the Flag of our Union forever. — Mor/h* The Hiss Book ALGER HISS, out of federal prison after conviction on charges of lying about passing documents to the Communists in the Jate 1930's, is now stirring the embers of the case in his new book, "In the Court of Public Opinion." Some people, in making argument, try to anticipate and explain away every contention of their opponents. Hiss has not chosen to do this but instead to ignore much of the case against him. In this instance the technique hardly strengthens the plausibility of his defense. A principal thing to remember, too, is that the arguments which Hiss today presents in his book have all been offered to the courts before in various motions for a new trial. In every case they have been carefully weighed and rejected as insufficient to justify a reopening of the issues. The most damaging evidence against Hiss was the possession by Whiltaker Chambers, former Communist agent, of State Department papers whose typing matched that of Mrs. Hiss on a Woodstock typewriter the Hisses owned. CHAMBERS ALSO produced notes of State Department matters acknowledged by all to be in Hiss' handwriting. And ho demonstrated in many ways that he had a close relationship with the Hiss family, having lived at their house and received many favors. In his book Hiss seeks to destroy the idea of a close link by arguing that Chambers erred in various details about the Hiss life. But careful students of the case point out that inaccuracies or inadequate recollections do not disprove the close tie so long as Chambers' other memories of the defendant's home life stand substantially unchallenged.' The evidence of the handwritten notes Hiss dismisses by suggesting they were stolen from his desk or files at the department. He reserves his biggest guns for the typed documents, arguing that Chambers somehow was able to imitate the characteristics of the Hiss typewriter by building a machine which would duplicate its peculiarities. On this machine he is alleged to have typed the so- called Baltimore documents. ONE TYPEWRITER specialist now says such fabrication is possible. But at the time Hiss presented an actual fabricated typewriter in support of his theory and of a new trial motion, the government offered numerous affidavits from experts, including the manufacturers of the Hiss Woodstock, which sought (o knock down the idea. Furthermore, even if Chambers had managed the fabrication, it would have been pointless in the 1930's when he presumably had access to the original typewriter, and in 1948, when the whole affair came to light, there was no evidence Chambers did plant or could have planted the fabricated machine where the Hiss lawyers would find it. By the arguments he is now making, Hiss seems unlikely to sway public opinion any more than he was able to persuade the courts which have listened to this case again and again and again. TV A Here To Slay PRESIDENT Eisenhower apparently looks with more favor on the Tennessee Valley Authority than formerly. When running for president in 1952, he described it as "creeping socialism." Its opponents, early in his administration, backed the Dixon-Yates power contract which would have cut in on the TVA activities. This project at first had administration backing, but was later withdrawn. Now, in a recent press conference, the President was asked whether he agreed with the United Stales Chamber of Commerce's wish to have the TVA sold to private interests. His reply was: "Theoretically you can make a very great case for it. I do not believe that, practically, it is feasible, and I don't anticipate any action along that line whatsoever." Any such action would surprise the outside world. Other nations have paid the TVA the flattery of imitation. Multiple-purpose dams like those on the Tennessee river have been established on the Dnieper river in Russia, and are planned for the Jordan valley in Israel, to name only two examples of the spread of the idea. Apparently, as far as can be seen now the TVA is here to stay. MATCHES ~*& LIGHT FIR£? "Whitney Bolton Glancing Sideways NEW YORK-Excepl for the Indian on the nickel coin of the United States of America—a coin which more and more seems to be becoming obsolescent — tho only Indians 1 know anything about are Mexican Indians and these are fine, sturdy fellows who will take no nonsense but eagerly give their friendship when the other man will come half-way. I have known Mexican Indians to be belligerent but only because in their way and in their estimation, some gringo was invading their dignity. There is no intention of getting into a squabble with anybody bul, with a certain understanding of mountain and jungle Indian ways, I always wonder about visiting Americans who get themselves assassinated. Thomas L. Stokes Will Election Reform Bills Have Chance? WASHINGTON —You may remember, unless your memory is as hazy as that of many members of Congress, the excitement a year ago about lobbying and campaign contributions by special interests with a stake in government. Maybe you wonder what has happened to the demands, both from the public and from within Congress, for stricter regulation of campaign contributions and for a full accounting of all the money contributed and spent so that we may know from whom and what interests it comes., There was then on the Senate calendar a bill by Senator Thomas Hcnnings to revise and strengthen the election Inws covering both primary and general elections. In fact, it has been reposing on the Senate calendar for a whole year after approval by committee. But Congress adjourned last year without doing anything about it. Some realists were brash enough to suggest that members of Congress and party managers hardly could be expected to show much enthusiasm for a law that might cut down campaign contributions for both the Presidential and Congressional elections then just ahead. Eisenhower Administration and Congress. Gore's report was published last February 3. Less than a monlh later, on March 1, the Senator introduced a comprehensive bill to limit campaign contributions and expenditures and require full publicity of contributions and expenditures from all sources which the present law, with its many loopholes, "fails miserably" to do, he said. Where is the Gore bill? That's easy—slumbering peacefully in the Privileges and Elections subcommittee ot the Senate Rules Committee, as is also Henning's gill. Both Senators have asked the subcommittee chairman, Senator Mike Mansfield, won't he please do something about it? action not possible until the second session of (his 83th Congress. That would put it just before another election—the 1958 Congressional elections—to risk the same apathy that Congress showed last year. HOW RIGHT they were we saw in the detailed report of contributions and expenditures of the 1956 elections compiled by the Senate Campaign Fund Investigating Committee under (he direction of Senator Albert Gore. The report showed how millions were poured into both the Presidential and Congressional campaigns by all sorts of interests which are trying to get special treatment from the MANSFIELD was sought out by tins reporter and asked how come. He said he had been tied up with other matters. He is assistant Senate Democratic leader under Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, who has delegated to Mansfield more chores than usually fall to the assistant leader. Johnson has exhibited little interest in a new campaign law with teeth in it. He could have brought such a bill up in the last Congress, Democratic-controlled as is the present one, had he chosen. Mansfield said he intends to bring , the election law reform bills before his subcommittee for consideration, but will be unable to do this until next month, as he must go back to Montana later this month. He was doubtful of tinal action in the Senate this session. He lelt a measure probably would get no further (ban approval by the committee and a report to the Senate, with final THE MOVEMENT to enact an adequate campaign law might have gotten a boost from a final report expected late this week or early next week from the committee headed by Senator John McClellan that investigated the oil and gas lobby last season—that is, if (he committee had gone into campaign contributions by the oil and gas industry to campaigns o£ Senators. But though that McClellan inquiry grew out of a contribution of 82,500 by the Superior Oil Company of California to the campaign of Senator Francis Case, which he rejected and exposed on the Senate floor, the McClellan committee showed no curiosity at all about campaign contributions to other Senators, of which there were a number. THIS MIGHT be described as "Senatorial courtesy." In tact, the Arkansas Senator showed in that lobby inquiry none of the energy and zeal which he has been showing in his current investigation into the affairs of Dave Beck and the Teamsters Union. The "arrogant lobby," as President Eisenhower characterized the oil and gas lobby in vetoing the bill to exempt natural gas producers from Federal Power Commission regulation, was exposed to the extent of its expenditure of?2,000,000 in ils so-called "education campaign for the bill. (United Kealure Syndicate, Inc.) Peter Edson 'U. S. Missiles On Formosa Pose Problem WASHINGTON <NEA) — Announcement that U. S. Matador guided missiles are now in position on Formosa for the defense of lhat island has loosed a new Chinese Communist propaganda drive. Us purpose is to accuse the United States of preparing an atomic attack against the Chinese mainland. The fact of the matter is that stationing U. S. Air Force guided missile units on Formosa is intended solely to deter the Red Chinese from making any attempts to take the island by force. This is why the move w?s made public and not kept as a military secret. Reel China's own aggressive moves in this area have not been KO well publicized. The Communist military build-up on the mountainous, desolate coast around Amoy, opposite Formosa, has been continuous since the Korean shooting stopped. Matador announcement was made the Chinese Nationalist government on Formosa announced that 600 rounds of heavy artillery' had been fired on the coaslal islands of Quemoy and Matsu in Ihe heaviest gun battle of the year. If the Red Chinese should launch an all-out attack, the .Matador is an almost perfect answer. It has a jet engine giving it a speed ol over 650 miles an hour. Its range is 600 miles. From Formosa to the mainland is 100 miles. So if the Reds want to start anything from their bases within 500 miles of the coast, the Matador with an atomic warhead could knock them out in an hour's time. I WOULD NOT walk open-eyed into a painful and delicate situation but, before we rile up over the South American jungle Indians who slew five while missionaries some months ago, has it ever occurred to any of us that perhaps these Indians resented the changes in Iheir lives and faiths that the missionaries were imposing? Jungle Indians are not complex. They are simple-not "stupid" simple, but "thinking" simple. For gencralions they had had ways of life and religion which sufficed them and gave them satisfaction. Into those fixed ways, for which there seemed no occasion justifying change, five men began buzzing in overhead with an airplane and trying to (each them an alien faith. "Simple" thinking goes this way: if something irritates you, get rid of it. Our 20lh Century morals and mores did not fit into that kind of thinking. Hence: five murders. IN A MUCH smaller way. and less violent, Certo Fwei, an Olomi I know, had a "way." I ran into him at the pyramids outside Mexico City. He was a vendor of fake idols lo gullible tourists. I went out to Teotihuacan early one morning to study some foundations and some carvings. Cerio came over to the car with a JUST A FEW days after Ihe THE DECISION to base Matadors on Formosa was made after long and careful consideration sf what the psychological warfare cffecls of such a counlerattack mighl be. A clue to this is found in Philip Wylie's latest book, "The Innocent Ambassadors." Before he lelt for Ihe Far East, Author Wylie was called to Washington. He was asked to sound out what Orienlal public opinion would be if the U. S. should use atomic weapons again — this time against Chinese mainland military targets. It was admitted at the start lhat such an attack would not bo another Hiroshima or Nagasaki attack on a city. Still, a lot of people might get killed. Wylie made bis own poll among Americans and Europeans he met in the Orient. Among these, he reports: "All but one — an English editor — agreed and could not be shaken from the opinion that any such assault by this nation would cost Ihe free world the last shred of a diminishing sympalhy in the Orient and all Asia. History From The Times Files TEN' YEARS AGO Slay 23, 13J7 Mary Louise Brailcr. 7, Ml. Savage, injured when slruck by car there. Death of Kenneth M. Burkelt, infant. North Mechanic Street. Dr. Clarence Velat succeeded Dr. Richard K. Anderson as officer in charge of Cumberland nutrition unil of U. S. Public Health Service. THIRTY YEARS AGO May 23, 1927 Irvin C. Hamilton. "local glass worker, named president of Maryland - District of Columbia Federation of Labor. Chamber of Commerce protested to Mayor and Council over granting permits (o carnivals to exhibit in Cumberland. TWENTY YEARS AGO .May 23. 1937 Waller A. Johnson, former secretary of Chamber of Commerce, named district manager of Fidelity Investment Association, Wheeling, with offices hcrcl County Commissioners opened bids on purchase of lumber for cons! ruction of fence at Sylvan Retreat. Death of Mrs. Joshua S. Zimmerman, 65, Romney. FOR TV YEARS AGO May 23, 1917 Fourth Infantry which had de- lachmenls on guard near Cumberland opened field hospital in Ridgeley. Miss Emma Eschcnberger appointed superintendent of Miners Hospital in Frostburg. Cumberland Liberty Loan Company organized lo urge sale of Liberty Bonds. "THE Englishman thought that ... the Red Chinese, though doubtless at lirst enraged, would ultimately react with respect for (he Atomic Tiger — and a new hope for their own liberation. That was also the view taken at home by a few self-tsyled 'old China hands. 1 " But Wylie concludes that: "When we left Hong Kong, I was certain it was a mistaken view." Wylie explains that, "My question, of course, always assumed that the U.S.A. first used such weapons. For no one would deny America the military right to reply with nuclear weapons to nuclear atlack. "But we Americans are prone to disregard the simple fact that the U.S.A. has already, once atomically assaulted a nation. . . . A second nuclear holocaust deemed unprovoked would certify to the world that . the ethics and humanilarism of Washington were lower than Moscow's." bland smile and a basket arranged with obviously counterfoil llille Idols and th« dubious "aging" had been done over a wood fire. I told him, without heat or smugness, that these looked to be "idolos para turistas," and didn't like ii. He said he didn't "age" them and he did not like the implication that he, Certo Five), a man of substance in his village, would dupe anybody. "But," I said, "these are not originals, so why are you angry? Let us meet as men and see some originals. That way we have common ground to walk on." IN LESS THAN 10 minutes I was in Certo's hut looking at a beautiful collection of genuine idols, running around 400 to 600 years old. He was using them as models for the fakes. On a basis of common understanding and interest in real idols, we arrived in time at a, friendship. In •proof of which, a recent note from Certo: "Muy conosido amigo: Cunado vcnges? Tengo origi- nales de mayor interes. Idolos de tesoro para museo. Son para Vd. Vuetes? Carro? Cuando? En mi casa eslan esperando a Vd. Pero originales! SS Certo." Which is a direct, simple note from a direct, simple man: "Well known friend: When are you coming? I have originals of major interest. Idols of museum kind of treasure. They are for you. Flying? Car? When? In my house they wait for vou. But originals I Your servant. Certo." HEAVEN ONLY knows what Certo has found; digging about the pyramids. Almost certainly he has found original items I would not be allowed to remove from Mexico. Indeed. I should not remove them . But what is important is that I have made a friend of an Indian by treating him as directly as he treats—as one man to another man. And what's more, he was, for a moment, once angry enough for violence. Hat Boyle Reporter's Notebook LAWRENCE, Kans. — Industry today can't get enough trained Indians, and the paleface is bidding higher for the Red Man's skill. Here at Haskel) Institute, where 900 ambitious young Indians, from 85 tribes study for careers in a modern America, authorities haven't been able lo meet the employ, ment demand for graduates since 1940. "We no longer have to look for jobi for our graduates," said Dr. Solon G. Ayers, superintendent. "Our trouble is in filling the requests. We have to pick and choose. "Last year every one of our 114 vocational students was hired by commencement day. The highest starting salary was $6,87iC r —Ihe average was $3,100." Ilaskcll, Ihe Red Man's Harvard sines 1884, is proud of such famous graduates as alhlele Jim Thorpe and the laic Clarence L. Tinker, a flier who was the first American Indian to achieve the rank of brigadier general. He was killed in World War II. BUT IIASKELL is even prouder of Ihe fact it has become a symbol of educalional opportunity for Indians who want lo compete on equal terms with Ihe white man in his own culture. "We hardly ever have a sludcnl who goes back to his reservation to live," said Dr. Ayers. "They may return home for a visit, but aflcr a few days they want to leave. "Reservation life no longer appeals lo them. There is nothing there for them to do. and they get restless. They want to cet back to their jobs." Students at Haskell range in age from 14 to twenty-one. A few go on to college for professional study. But 80 per cent take an added two-year vocational course. Discipline isn't as much of a problem as it is in most high schools. The teen-age Indians are a serious group. The sludenls come from 35 stales and Alaska. They are molivaled by a slrong yearning to go beyond the pattern of their parents. Thus Neva Running Wolf. 17. a Blackfoot from Browning, Mont., wants to become an office worker in a larger town So do Jeanette Spotted Bear, 19, (rom the Crow reservalion in Montana, and Pearl Bad Wound, 19, a Sioux from Iglo, S. D. MISS MERLE JACK, 18, of the Tlingit tribe near Juneau. Alaska, aspires to be a secretary. Dorothy Osceola. 20, a Seminole from the Florida Everglades who is the fifth member o( her tribe ever to graduate from high school, plans to become a costume designer. She is a descendant of Chief Osceola. ~~ who refused to make a treaty with Ihd ^tl'Ol-i rrr» T^7rt»r T^-v C TV l while men and whosc lriba ' descendants oiiaiige Way lo have Dou^h tcchnical| y sim areat •**<• «•*««*un^d f^ ot8i&s. Frederick Othman WASHINGTON - Having read in the papers that Congress is in an economizing mood, I dropped in on Uie Senate to see what the gentlemen would decide about buying (ungsten this government doesn't need. This cost me (and you, loo) $30.000.000 and I wish I'd stood in bed. The history of this tungsten business is easy to undersland. The government began buying for the emergency stockpile years ago American tungslen at about $20 a Ion more than it costs in India, Brazil, or South Africa. The idea not only was to get tungsten, but also to shore up the domestic tungslen mining industry, which had fallen on evil days. So about a year ago our stockpile officials said they had tung- slen running oul of their tars. They said, in fact, that they had more than enough tungslen to fight a lull-sized war for five years. That, as wars go, is a long time. of the press gallery as a good argument, but the Senators from the West weren't impressed. Senator George Malone, a mining man himself, said that tungsten was necessary to make the innards of jet engines. There will be more of these soon and we'll need more tungsten he said. Senator Alan Bible, the olher Senator from Nevada, said our tungsten miners have a right to expect the government (o continue buying their metal. He said it was a moral question. "This is a high-temperalure age," said Senalor Warren G "Yes, but il is admitted Eome of these tungsten mining people are importing tungsten as well as producing it here, and the government is paying ihem $20 a Ion profit," insisted Lausche. FAIR enough, the House of Representatives decided. It knocked $30.000,000 oul of the third supplemental appropriation to buy strategic metals, mostly tungsten. This bill then went to Ihe Senale and that's where I came in. Senator Frank Lausche had the floor, and what he couldn't understand was why anybody worried about lungslen. If we've got all the (ungsten we need, then why buy more? "Three days ago one of the officials of an American tungsten company came to my office," he added. "He told me about the enormous stockpile of tungsten the government already owns, and he said that if we continue this subsidy, his company would profit. But he told me that, as an American, he didn't want to take this money. "Talk about cutting the budget. I know nf no better place to begin. I simply can't understand how, in the face of our huge budget, you can justify expenditures of this kind." MALONE SAID it wasn't that way, at all. Came then the vote and the gentleman from Nevada was so sure of the outcome that he read a copy of the Washington Daily News while (he other gentlemen cast their ballots. The result was as he foresaw: 61-17 in lavor of buying more tungsten to pile on the already- bulging stockpile. I'll drop in on the statesmen again soon when they're not saving money, I hope, in reverse. (United Featnre Sjndieate. Inc.) THIS STRUCK the occupant of the fourth stool in the second row So They Say Although we wanl to live in peace alongside Russia, much of their general propaganda and policies show their desire to disrupt Ihe free world. —British Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd. U is disgraceful that, despite all the arms and other facilities available to our security forces, a handful of bandits can roam the country with impunity and such incidents can occur. —Iran Premier Manouchehr Eghbal, on ambush deaths of three Americans in Iran. A friend of mine (the late Sen. Joseph McCarthy) just died and that's all 1 care to say at the moment. —G. David Schine, a principal in Army-McCarthy hearings. MANY IDEAS and notions heretofore accepted and taken for granted or assumed to be clearly comprehensible must, in this age, be re-examined, defined anew and in correspondence with the character of today's world and its problems. For example, what does the phrase "national interest" mean today in concrete terms? What are "the vital interests" of the various nalions? There has been some confusion about these concepts in Washington, in the United Na- lions and in the press. The decisions to be made about foreign aid, Ihe informational program which the American government will implement abroad and the Eisenhower budget all relate to the question of the national interest. France and Great Britain attacked Egypt basically because the leaders in both countries were convinced thai Nasser's seizure of the Suez Canal was a threat lo the "vital inleresls" ot both countries. In America, there has been much official concern lest the Arabs turn more anti-American in the pursuit of "legitimate Arab interests." Here again the question of "vital interests" is central. We must re-examine these concepts in the light of facts of the present world. Unless we do so, and unless \ve arc clear as to what we mean, we are all too likely to make mistakes. Here is a field for fresh and clear-cut thinking and a new observation of (he facts. Why don't the students want to go back to their reservations? All give the same answer: "It doesn't have the opportunities." An exception is Willard Spotted Horse, 20-year-old student welder whose father, a Crow tribesman, operates an l.SOO-acrc ranch near Lodge Grass. Mont. "I want to go home and in time take over my father's place," said Willard, who also is a prize-winning cowboy "But T /A lime here isn't being wasted. There is plenty of welding to do on a ranch." George Dixon Washington Scene WASHINGTON - Washington attorney Edward Bennett Williams has a hot three- client parlay— Dave Beck, Jimmy Hoffa and Frank Costello. The other day he had a jolting experience over the currently holiest ot his entries that almost unhorsed him. The lawyer went to the Teamsters' building to pick up Beck and escort him l» the Senate racket investigation. He asked the young woman on the switchboard to call the acquisitive Teamsters' president and inform him his attorney was waiting. The plug-juggler put on a show ol bright, intelligent interest. She informed Williams she had been following the hearings of the McClellan committee closely. The lawyer replied it was obvious that she was "au courant. She frowned a bit at this, but finally concluded no offense was intended. Then she tried to engage the eminent advocate in intellectual discourse. She inquired if Mr. Beck was going lo take the witness chair again, and Ihe lawyer muttered lhat he was afraid so. Then she exploded a question that almost jarred the barrister out of his res adjudicala. "Oh," she asked knowingly, "is Mr. Beck going to lake the fifth commandment? ' THE TEAMSTERS' switchboardess must have a clubmate on the stenographic staff ot Senator Thomas H. Kuchel. of California. The Kuchel helper had a list of touring newsboys from the west coast, each one of whom had had his picture taken individually on the Capitol steps with (he Senator. The shepherd in charge of the tour asked the young woman if she would get the pictures autographed by Senator Kuchel and mail them to the newsboys. He gave her a • list of the youngsters' names and addresses. At the bottom of the list he added a couple of words, thanking her in advance. A couple of days later the shepherd received a call from the damsel. "You've got one more name on this list than we have pictures," she told him. "And there's no address with this extra name either." "Which name is it?" asked the tour guide. "Merci Beaucoup," replied the lady. VICE PRESIDENT Nixon has to make a decision in the next couple of days trj he confides is one of the toughest he's civr had to face in his We. Months ago he made a firm commitment lo go to Bethany College, in Bethany, West Va., on June 2 lo receive a degree. The other night, when he got home after a late round of official functions, he found this note from his youngest daughter Julie, pinned lo his pillow: "Dear Daddy; I was told today that you won't be here on June 2. That is the day of our Brownie (Cub Girl Scouts) daddy- daughler picnic. "If you don't come with me, you will be the only Brownie Daddy who isn't there." The Vice President says he's wrestling with his soul as lo where his duly lies. (King Kcaluics, inc.)

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