Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas on July 30, 1963 · Page 1
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Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 30, 1963
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Mansfield Says No Gimmicks To Test Pact WASHINGTON (AP) - Son. Mike Mansfield of Montana said .after a conference with ['resident Kennedy today that there arc "no 'gimmicks, no side issues," tied to the Moscow test ban treaty. The Senate Democratic leader said the limited lost ban agreement has broad support not only in the Senate which must ratify it, but in the House as well. "We informed the President the chances for strong bipartisan ratification of the treaty by the Senate were excellent and that we expected the ralificaion would come as soon as possible," Mans- t'eld said after the weekly White House breakfast session of Democratic congressional leaders. Mansfield said Undersecretary (.( State W. Averell Harriman created a tremendous impression in his appearance before the Senate Foreipn Relations and the garden— ing«*. with the editor Note to the "Teenager of Garden City" who wrote a letter to this editor last week: We don't publish unsigned letters. We would be happy to publish this particular letter if we had a signature. Same goes for "loyal Telegram reader" who wrote' about the dancing issue. * * * If we were just a newspaper reader, we also would write letters to the editor. He's a hypothetical one: "Dear Mr. Editor: "I read your editorial last night in which you supported Hal Boyle for president. "As usual, you have failed to acquaint yourself with th e facts. Boyle isn't the man for the job. He is a terrific newspaper col umnist, has a grand sense of humor, will continue the Irish dynasty in the White House, and will appeal to the folks back home in Kansas City. "But he should stay behind his typewriter — opening his mail to learn tilings he would never know if he became president. It just wouldn't be for the good of our country to have a Pavement Pluto in the nation's capital. "So I urge you and yo readers: Keep Boyle in the Fourth Estate and vote for Ann Landers for president. Things will be in much better shape in Washington." * * * Local weather prophet Elihu Allman, who is pictured on this page, says the August rains may have started, and it could be a wet month. Last week he predicted rain for the weekend, and it raided most of Saturday night, and again last night. His next rain "date" is August 10, but he isn't ruling out the possibility of more rain between now and then. And neither is the weather bureau. * * * Don't know how old you are? From the United States Department of Commerce we received a release that Kansas residents may obtain proof of age from the Commerce Department's Bureau of the Census. So if you need proof of age to collect social security and other retirement benefits, or to obtain a passport or qualify for a job, write to the Personal Census Service Branch, Bureau of the Census, Pittsburg, Kan., and they will send an application form. And for those who don't know their age, and don't want to know, just save your stamp. Armed Services Committees and the Joint Atomic Energy Commit, tt'i Monday. | He said Harriman answered all I questions frankly and openly, j It appeared, however, that Sen! ate Republican leaders have • Hlled any chance of a bipartisan j d'splay at the formal signing of i the test ban treaty in Moscow. i Minority leader Everett M. I Dirksen .said he had not been invited to accompany Secretary of ' State Dean Rusk on the ceremonial trip and would not go if he were. Rusk visited with the Illinois Senator Briefly Monday but Dirksen said they did not discuss the matter. "I fe*l that 1 should not go even if 1 were invited because acceptance would leave the implication that I approved of the treaty without knowing fully the effects it will have," Dirksen said. Dirksen told an informal news conference Monday that the White House suggested but he rejected a conference of leaders of both parties before President Kennedy's Friday night television-radio speech on the treaty, which would ban all except underground tests. Sen. Burke B. Hickenlooper, R- lowa, chairman of the Senate GOP Policy Committee and senior Republican on the Foreign Relations Committee, said in a separate interview he could not accept an invitation to go to Moscow o r the signing ceremony, expected to be held next week. "f think it would b e highly improper for me to go in view of the fact that I have not decided whether I will support or oppose this treaty. 1 ' he said. "I intend to listen to all the evidence on both sides before coming to a conclusion. GOP Policy CommlHet members arranged to discuss the treaty but there was no indication that they would take a stand on it. Dirksen said he had.made no effort to poll Republican senators and had no idea how they would vote on the agreement worked out by U.S., British and Soviet representatives. Treaty backers are wooing GOP support because ratification would require approval of two-thirds of those voting. Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota, assistant Democratic leader, predicted the treaty will be ratified. Humphrey said congressional mail indicates widespread popular support for it. And th e White House reported Monday that mor e than 1,000 telegrams received since Kennedy's Friday night address and ran more than 12-1 in support of his position. Disarmament Talks Resumed .GENEVA (AP)-The 17-nation disarmament conference resumed amid uncertainty over its future today to hear a report on the three-power agreement to ban nuclear tests above ground and under water. U.S. Ambassador Charles C. Stelle, Soviet negotiator Semyon K. Tsarapkin, and Britain's Peter Thomas v/ere to outline the limited test ban accord, generally hailed as a major cold war breakthrough. All major disarmament issues before the conference, resuming after a six-week .recess were still deadlocked after 16 months of negotiations. The only two steps forward since the beginning of the Geneva talks—the test ban treaty and the direct Moscow-Washington "hotline" communications link to prevent accidental war—were negotiated outside the conference. It generally was believed here that any further progresss to ease the cold war would have to come from similar direct negotiations. Garden City Telegram Vol. 34 GARDEN CITY, KANSAS, 67846, TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1963 7c A Copy No. 228 U S. Patrols Kill Red Raiders Fifth Southern Governor in Rights Hearing WASHINGTON (AP)-Gov. Car E. Sanders of Georgia testifies be fore one Senate committee and Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy before another today on civil rights legislation. In the House, representatives ol major Negro organizations had on appointment with Rep. Emanuel Celler, D-N.Y., to urge inclusion of a fair employment practices provision in the administration's omnibus civil rights bill. Sanders was called before the Senate Commerce Committee, which is holding hearings on one part of the seven-point package— a bill to require desegregation of stores, restaurants, hotels and other private businesses serving the public. Along with Sanders, the fifth Southern governor to testify on the measure, the commitee was to hear from Atty. Gen. Joe Patterson of Mississippi. The Senate Judiciary Committee, which called Kennedy back for additional questioning, is proceeding st a far more leisurely pace with hearings not only on the public accommodations provision but on the other parts of the package. Kennedy is the only witness the committee has heard except for opening statements of its own members — chiefly Sen. Sam J. Ervin .!>., D-N.C. The hearings besan July 16. Ervin, a former Supreme Court justice in his state, serves as a sort of chief counsel for Southern senators opposed to the civil rights legislation and has done virtually all of the questioning of Kennedy. The House Judiciary Committee under Celler' s chairmanship, is nearing completion of hearings on the civil rights package submitted by the President last month. The President endorsed, but did not'include in hl s package, a bill to ban racial discrimination in employment. A separate bill to do this, applying both to employers and to unions, has been approved by the House Labor Committee. Garden Scrss Gus Garden heard some youngsters think a pioneer family is one that moved to the country before it became a suburb. WITH HIS WEATHER-EYE on his rain gauge is Elihu Allman, 625 N. lOfh, ured .30 of an inch last night. The local weather prophet had predicted a wet weekend and he measured .90 of an inch overnight Sunday morning. Fair through Wednesday except for scattered nigthtlme thunder storms; continued mild with afternoon highs In the lower 90s; lows in middle 60s; southerly winds 10-20. Sunrise 6:.'I5 Sunset 8:07 MOT, Mln. 1'rnc. Akron 96 62 Dodg-e City 91 84 .05 •ARDEN CITY 90 B8 .11 Goodlnnd !)8 69 1.21) III! City m 68 .48 ^a Junta 99 fjfi Uiss«ll 8(1 B4 .28 Jalinu 90 69 Toppka 8!) KK Wldilta : 87 68 Weave Hit-Miss Pattern Rails Accused of Near-Strike Tactics WASHINGTON (AP) - A union leader accused the nation's railroads today of using brink-of- strike tactics to press for com- pulstory arbitration to settle the rails work rules dispute. H. E. Gilbert, president of the Brotherhood of Enginemen and Firemen, testified before the House Commerce Committee. Five on-train union s have said they will strike if new work rules, which would slice crews on freight and yard runs, are imposed by the industry. The railroad deadline for posting of the new rules is 12:01 a.m. Aug. 29. Gilbert spoke in opposition to President Kennedy's proposal the controversy be turned over to the Interstate Commerce Commission for the next two years. He said that would be compul- sory arbitration, pointing toward the end of "that kind of bargaining which has become a part of ou r system of free enterprise." Gilbert said "the only solution to this case is to be found in collective bargaining— collective bargaining which has had a shot in the arm." He said Congress can provide that booster shot. He adcted both sides should bargain with the knowledge that "the heavy hand of congressional power i s ready to punish a party failing to meet hi.s public and private responsibilities during negotiations." Senators working for a settlement say they are encouraged by Another summer 'rainstorm moved across portions of Southwest Kansas Monday night in a weird pattern. On som e farms, the sky faucet was turned on full scale to dump torrents of rain earthward. On other places nearby, however, nary a drop fell. The lucky ones got up to three inches or so of water Monday night. Nearly all got dusted by high 'winds, and the sky lights were turned on full-scale v i a forked lightning. Locally, live Kansas State University agriculture experiment station gaged just one-fourth ol one inch. That is northeast of (own. At llth and Sunla Fe, the city waterworks measured .].') of one inch. At 10th and Jones, ,30 came miles ensl of town reported just .11 of down. Ten the airport, on« inch. Heaviest reports of all came rrom the region north of La kin and Decrficld. astride the Kearny-Finney county lines. The Max Engler farm measured 2.110 inches. That is two miles east and 10 nort of Deerfield. Albert (loss nearby hud about three inches. Tlio Kenny B«r# farm was also soaked. wore bypassed. Syracuse was also missed, T«n miles west of Tenni s Elevator, J.GO inches came down, Six miles north of Holcomb the report was 1.15 inches. Imperial weather station also got a good rain: 1.47 inchoa. Some hail there knocked leaves from trees but was not damaging. That station Is 30 miles northeast of Garden City, nea r the junction of Flnney, Scott counties. So month, 3,40 inches Lane, and for this has fallen a union official's announcement! Rain was standing in that the brotherhoods have submitted a new proposal. fields in that area this morning. But both Lukin and Deerficld there: nvornge for the month is just 3.25. But totals for the overall year still lag behind normal. Scott City got high winds and a small amount of rain. Tennis Elevator (15 mile s northwest of Garden Cil'y) Rot just a trace. Lowe Elevator tlireo miles north of Holcomb had half an inch. Siiblette was missed again, but rain fell between therf> and Garden City. Two miles east of Ply- inell, .75 of an incli was reported. Sixteen miles north of Sub- lotto, the report was .40. Kansas Traffic Log TOI'KKA (AI')-Kunsas traffic death log: 24 lioiirH to fl a. m. Tuesday—1. For July—52. For 1WW-30!). Comparable 1902 period—328. Fighting South of Korean Buffer Zone . SEOUL, Korea (AP) — Slrentfthenerl U.S. Army pat- mis backed by South Korwui national police, killed four heavily nrmod North Korean Communist infiltrators today in n hunt for Red raidera who have slain three U.S. soldiers in two days. Looking "under every bush," in the words of one U.S. i-oinrrmndlnK officer, the forces hunted down infiltrating saboteurs on missions close by the headquarters of the U.S. '1th Cavalry Regiment command post, six miles south of the Korean demilitarized zone. The fighting was the furthest south of tlio buffer nren since (ho Korcnn nrmlstlco was signed July 27, 10S3. The nctlon wns set off Monday by the ambush of a U.S. jeep In which two U.S. soldiers were killed and a third woundotl, be. low Wio Korean armistice line, With vigilance renewed and pa- Iro'b strengthened, the hunt began for those attackers. As troops and police scoured the aron, another American soldier and a South Korean police officer engaged In another clash Hint cost their lives in the grassy bottomland south of the ImJIn Illv- or, near Dangdong-lrl. In Washington the Army Identified Cpl. George P. Larlon Jr., of Dnvlson,, Mich., an the solilicr killed today. Lnrion, 24, wns Htc son of Mr. and Mrs. George F. Lnrion Sr,, of Davison. Col. George Creel, the U,N. Command spokesman who confirmed the four North Koreans wore (lend, s«ld they could bo pnrl of the same raiding patrol which machine-gunned a .1st Cav- airy Division Jeep Monday, killing two U,S. soldiers nnd wounding another on their wny to guard Brown Attends Church Service About Atheism STOCKTON, Kan. (AP)-CaH Brown, who ha fl pledged land to nn atheist organization, attended a Christ/am religious service Sunday night. Brown was the guest of the Rev. Carl Schuster, pastor of the First Methodist Church of Stockton, at the last of a series of youth meetings sponsored by the Methodist Church. The meetings weno held at Camp Webster 12 miles south of Stockton. Members of the Rev. Schuster's church have circulated petitions expressing opposition to a proposed atheist colony on the land promised by Brown. Brown rode to the meeting In the Schuster car and listened attentively . to the Rev. Lymnn Wood, visiting evangelist from Amurillo, Tex. Topic of the Rev. Wood's sermon was Thomas, the doubting disciple of Christ; faith, the virtues of honest doubting and atheism. The Rev. Wood wild his choice of a subject was not Influenced by Brown's presence. Brown later referred to the mealing n H "a typical Christian service." "1 did agree with (hat part about fulfil," Ii 0 saici. Th e Kcv. Wood had said during his sermon that "facts are what you know, fulth is what you go on 'when you don't know." Brown has pledged to donate 80 acres of land near Stockton to Other Americans, Inc., un atheist organisation. duty In the demilitarized zone. There also was speculation the four North Koreans killed today were agents bound on a mission of violent espionage, Tlioy carried automatic weapons and hand grenades. The Hrit North Koreans were gunned down about 0 a.m. It was in this clash that a soldier of the U.S. 7th Infantry Division and the Korean police officer died, At about 4 p.m., the other two North Koreans wore surrounded in deep grass west of the road to Pnnmunjom and about a mile south of Frsodom Bridge. While an American Army helicopter hovered overhead, about, 30 national policemen and half a dozen U.S. soldiers closed Jn. Two hand grenade explosions were hoard, loading to speculation the agents took their own lives. Associated Press photographer Klin Chong-kll and reporter An Mu-hun arrived on the spot short 4 ly before the shooting started this afternoon. They Interviewed the husband of an old woman who was hold captive by the four Com. numlsts. Yang Ohon Soon, 52, was out collecting mushrooms In the bushy area where the gra« s Is head high. Suddenly somoons grabbed her by the wrist and demanded: "Why are you hereT Tills Is a firing range. Do you have anyone working In the government?" The.woman was held about 20 mlnuto s and let gor Her daughter ran to tlio police box to report the Incident to police, but policemen wore out searching for the North Koreans. The North Koreans come to the area tlireo days ago, they told the frightened woman, rJangdong-Irl Is about two miles northwest of 'Musan-nl, on the road to Panmumjon. It is on« mile short of Freedom Bridge, where American prisoners of war returned after tine armistice agreement wa g signed 10 years and three days ago. The North Koreans were hunted down 400 yards from the headquarters of the 4th Cavalry Hegl- ment command post, which may have boon their objective. Gas Storage Tanks At Pomona Explode POMONA, Kan. (AP)-Two storage tanks containing more than 8,000 gallons of 'gasoline exploded at the Farmers Union bulk station at the north edge of Pomona Monday. John Carpenter, station manager, stud a spark from a pump motor Ignited fumes while he was filling a iiirnl delivery truck. Ha jumped in the truck and drove it n half-block away, then put out flames on the truck before they reached the partly-filled trueK tank. Uuck nl the station, flames touched off it S^'JO-gallon tank nnd it blew up, followed by an explosion of a 3,000-gullon tank. Smoke urul fiame H were seen from Ottawu, I'.O miles away. Duplicity Evident in White Southerner's View Concerning Negroes? Cf1ITftP"? MOTB What !„ tlin 411171 T . ... . ._. ... . . . .. *^ ••^ EDITOR'S NOTE—What i s the naked basis of the white man's resistance to integration of the Negro in America? Here is a hard look at the cere of the problem, often hidden behind polite reasons and rationalizations. Second of a special serie s of articles comprehensively surveying both sides of today's racial crisis. By RELMAN MORIN MACON COUNTY, Ala., (AP)— I' is not uncommon in the South to hear a segregationist say that, by and large, he likes the Negro. He sees no inconsistency between having an affection for Negroes and at the same time de- lending a system that denies them lull equality. "The Negroes as a whole just aren't ready yet," he stys. "It's not their fault, but that's the way it is at this point." A key point in hi,s reasoning is that the great majority of Ne- kToes are like children and that, for the time being, they must be treated as such. A composite of mauy conversations with the thoughtful type of segregationist goes pretty much like this: "When I was a kid, my best friend was a colored boy. We played together, fished together, slept side bv side on hunting trips. I was in and out of his hou.'e every day and he was in mine, eating from the same kitchen table. "After w e grew up, I paid his hospital bills and loaned him money when ne needed it. I went to fhe weddings and funeials in hi.s family and he came to ours. On Saturday night, when he got'into trouble wi'h the law, who went to the jail at 2 a.m. and bailed him out? I did. ' It was n comfortable, harmonious relationship, he sjys. Even today, while racial strife rises toward the danger point in many places you caa still see this relatbnship between indi vidual Negroes and whites in the south. H«re it t cotton planlation deep in Alabama. ll is a'jout 10 miies from the nearest community, the nearest sneriff or policeman. In the county, Negroes outnumber the whites, live to one. The doovs of the planter's home are never Iriked. When lie has to travel, hd tells the Negro foreman, "I'll i,e away a lew days. You look after tbiii?* around here." Driving into the plantation you Sfe a softr.all ^ame in H field near the planter's house. Thr v> of hii children, including a girl, 'ar.; playing with the children of the Negro "ho'; hands." Some miles away, in a corner 01 the plantation, an. a;;i.-d Negro woman sin, rocking, on the porch. She is the widow of a 'him hand" who worked here many years. The house is hr»rs as long a 1 ; '•In:, lives. The planter asks if she is all right. "Gcttm' along jes' fin", ' she says. A little si-erie take r plac,- ir. the cotton fields. As the -N'egiocs stop work for their mid-day -neal, the planter slip.; a dollar bill ; i" a woman's Jiw). He te."-j a man to "drive her tc the j'.ore." For some reason, she had brought no food to the fields that morning. "Maybe she hasn't «ot any money," the planter says, "or maybe she just plain forgot. But I sure can't see her go without eating." In the winter, when the fields are bare, he finds other 'work on the plantation for his "hoc hands." They have to eat in the winter, too. The integration!*! tails this "Uncle Tom-ism." and the militant Negro says it is "paternalism," archaic, degrading the Negro, numbing his effort to develop himself. Let's look further. The planter frequently works in the fields beside the "hoe hands." The relationship appears completely comfortable. Little joke-sin language largely unintelligible to a Yankee—pass between them. They agree that (he cation looks good. "Way 1 figure," says the Negro foreman, "the better the boss does, the better we do." There will be a bonus for them at Christmas. He has been on this planlation 24 years, another man for 17, several others for 8 to 10 years. Not all segregationists, of course, profess to like Negroes. \ There is the bigot, ridden with fear and hatred of Hie No^ro, clutching his prejudices. He is Die nJgJiUrider, shooting indiscriminately into Negro homes, dumping garbage on the front porch of white integrationisls. To anyone who pleads for reason and good will in the struggli! over civil rights, he scrawls a "hate letter." H is misspelled, ungrammatical, frequently obscene, dripping VI.TJOIII. "That type of white man," says a Southern newspaper woman, "is at the bottom of the scale and he knows it. Tim only thing that separates him from an equally poor, uneducated Ni'tro is the color of his .skin. He has to look down on .so in (.-body so he looks down on the Negro." But what a Unit the segretation- ist who says he has a genuine ulJi'ctiofl for hi. 1 - Nefjro friends'.' How dof:s he square this with the fact of injuMu-i.' arid inequality? He begins with a basic premise, a conviction 1'i.it underlies most of his attitude's—that, by and large, ihe Negro has' not yet reached a stage of development where he is rea:ly for full equality. "No race on earth ever made so much pro^r'j.ss in 100 years as tin; Negroes liave made," he says. "Bui they did it with the 'guidance of tins white man and they still mv<l our guidance." Flowing from that comes his opposition to integrated schools. "The Negro doesn't have the Humi! capacity for learning," he says. "Moreover, his home environment is seldom conducive to study. So why should my children b« hold back to his pace? They're both bettor off in schools where they can advance at their own pace." The segregationist also says that Negro children frequently conu; to school unbathcd and wearing dirty clothes. He says they come from homes with a high rate of illegitimacy ami adds, "1 don't wanty rny kids sil- ling next to kids who talk openly about what they have sueu at home." For similar te«»pni, he doesn't want his wife and daughter to sit next to « Nagm in a movie theater I or a luiR'li counter, use the same fitting rooms in a store, or the same rent rooms. Does lie roally believe the Negro's ultimate goal Is to "marry your daughter?" Yes, he does. He's convinced of It. As to the Negro's right to vole, one segregationist said, ''There's no reason why their besl people shouldn't vote, thosu who are educated, literate, and able to make a judgment on candidate's and is- fiues. But there aren't many with these qualifications." .So it goes, consistently, over po'iil afler p'wu — the assertion that Ihe Negro s level of development is not yet at a sta^e where he is ready lor full equality. "What he is asking, segrega- tionisljj say, 'is Ihe rights without the responsibilities." I once asked a Southern newspaper editor, u segre«{alionist, to itemize Ihe fjv<> or six principal reasons why so many Southerners believe in segregation. On the back of an envelope, he set down It e various poaiils Leading big list was one word: "Habit." N'xl: Th» Chvrch't role,

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