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The Weather Fair, lowest 18-24. Friday, cloudy, milder. S a tur dcy, cloudy, colder. High, 42; low, 29; noon, 32. Rainfall— .02 inch. River—5.79 feet. Humidity — 53.5 per cent. FINAL VOL. LXXXIII.—NO. 37 Associated Press Service — A.P V/irephoto CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1952 International News Serr/ct 24 Page* 5 CENTS Mourning Elizabeth Arrives Home tyalentine Girl' Still Opens Letters Jacquelyn Marre, 13-year-old cancer victim, gets help from her father, Arthur, in opening letters still on hand after her appeal last year to be "some one's valentine." Given only three months to live, •he has improved and can walk with the aid of a cane. (Story At Bottom Of Page.) Plans To Ease Labor Surplus Face Squeeze Jobless Areas, South Seek More Or Protest Possible Business Loss WASHINGTON — (VP) — Defense mobilization officials were in a giant Kjueeze today, but they held their ground on a new order aimed at easing regional unemployment. On one hand, there was pressure from communities like Lawrence, Mass., and Detroit, Mich. They wanted a bigger slice of defense business to put their machines and idle hands back to work. On the other was an angry cry from the south, raised at the possibility of losing some of their own defense business. Wilson In Middle In the middle was Charles E. Wilson, defense mobilizes Wilson put out an order Tuesday designed to channel some defense business Into areas of critical unemployment. Moonshine Still Found In Grave BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Birmingham police officers, acting on -a tip, checked a suspicious looking grave in a Birmingham cemetery and resurrected a 55- gallon moonshine still. Officers J. W. Morris and F. C. Garrett said yesterday that an oil burner for use with the still was connected to an oil tank buried beneath another grave. The officers said the still was all ready to begin turning out spirits when they found it. Four Inmates Of Frederick Jail Escape FREDERICK, Md. — (/P) — Four prisoners escaped from the Frederick County Jail early 'today. They made their way through a ventilation duct into the third-story attic He did it after urgent cries for and lowered themselves to the help from labor leaders like Walter]ground, using a rope of knotted Reuther, head of the United Auto I blankets and mattress covers. Officers identified them as: John Wright Byrum, 20, Raleigh, N. C., recently returned here from Salt Lake City, Utah, on a charge of stealing a strong box belonging to Dr. John H. Messier of Jonesville J containing about $1,500. Byrum Workers (CIO), who held a special "we want jobs" convention here Jan. 13 with 600 auto workers. From New England came textile mill officials, labor leaders and city councilmen. Give us tracts, they said. defense con- TT TVT T> 1 ^" r« J T T< 11 Queen Shows U. JM., Keds Give Ground In 1 alks strain /&* 7 Plane Flight Pair Of Red Jets Riddled In Air Clash Negotiators Remain Far Apart On Main Issues; Snow Falls MUNSAN, Korea— (IP)— Reds and Allies each gave ground today and narrowed the gap on troop rotation and the future of displaced civilians. But negotiators remained as far apart as ever on key issues blocking a Korean armistice. Allied negotiators abandoned demands that the Communists trade displaced civilians for U. N.-held war prisoners. The U. N. reiterated, however, that all prisoners must have the right to choose whether they want to be repatriated and .that impartial teams must interview civilians to determine whether they want to live in north or south Korea. An official U. N. spokesman, Brig. Gen. William P. Nuckols, told newsmen before the transcript of the negotiations was available th#t the demand for civilian interviews also was dropped. The record shows that this was not the case. Reds Give Ground In an adjoining tent the Communists gave ground in the dispute over troop rotation during an armistice. The Allies said they would talk about the Communists' definition of coastal waters and consider dropping two demands relating to troop dispositions during a truce. But the key issue of whether the Beds have the right to build and repair North Korean airfields during an armistice has been shelved for the time being. The U. N. Command continued its study of a Red proposal that a high level political conference be held within 90 days after an armistice is signed to consider all Asian problems looking toward peace in Korea. Two MIGs Flee After Sabre Jet Riddles Them SEOUL, Korea — (/P) — An American Sabe jet pilot damaged two Red MIG jets in a three-minute battle high ovsr snc~ r -s"'cpt North Korea today. Lt. William C. Shofner of Wayne, Okla., riddled the two MIGS in a fight involving 17 Sabres and 30 Red jets. The Sabre jets were flying escort for Allied fighter bombers which took to the skies as snow clouds cleared during the afternoon. Pilots reported cutting Red rail lines at 71 points and destroying or damaging 12 supply buildings. Light snow fell all along the battle line. U. N. raiding parties hit the Reds west of Chorwon, one-time anchor of the Communists' Iron Triangle. •One unit fought two sharp 25-minute battles in the snow before returning to its own lines. The other reached its objective on high ground Masked Witness Tells Of Massacre A masked man testified yesterday before a special House committee investigating the Katyn Forest massacre of World War 2. A former Polish soldier, he was called to tell how he witnessed the slaughter of Polish officers near Smolensk, Russia. He still has relatives in Poland and was not identified. T GI To Divorce Lieutenant Wife DETROIT — (INS) — Corp. William J. Thompson complained today that he doesn't want an "Army brass hat" for a wife. The corporal, Korea-bound, has asked a divorce from his lieutenant wife of i month because "she tosses her rank around." Thompson related that everything was sweetness and Igiht while his wife, Ruth, remained a WAG sergeant. "She said she wanted a career In the Army and could get along better without me." U.N. Newsmen Asked To Stop Fraternization TOKYO— W)— Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway's public information officer today said some U.N, Command news correspondents are abusing their privileges in covering the armistice talks at Panmunjom by "fraternization and trafficking with the enemy." In a memorandum to correspondents, Col. George Patrick Welch, public information officer, said: "It has, therefore, become neces- without trouble and returned while jsary to request all UNC correspond- snow still was falling. jents entering the Panmunjom neu- Red infantrymen made three i tral area for the purpose of covering committee. Its members Patrick M. Schnauffer deferred sen- power haven't been named, its job: To, mvestigation. investigate unemployment areas and I ,. guilty Jan. 24, and Judge smal! early morning probes of UN Lawrence Riggles Jr. 23, Frederick, held in $2,500 bail for grand jury action on a charge of slugging the armistice talks to conduct themselves in such a manner so as defense facilities they have and report to Wilson. "Life or Death" Deal Southerners see in the order a "life or death" proposition if it Isn't administered fairly. That's i weeks ago. | Second. What Senator Smith (D-NC) said j Richard M. Homes. Frederick, and 1 •t yesterday's hearing. j William R. Tiegoning. Woodsboro,; Senator Maybank tD-SC), com-jRoute 1, held in S~',500 bond each; Veep Goes lo Hospital and robbing Nightwatchman John dead monarch and a 21 un salute H. Fisher at a plant here several j fo the positions in the center and extreme east of the battle front, but pulled! to avoid any suggestion that mill- back under fire. j tary security is being placed in British Commonwealth troops, j pos .sible jeopardy or that traffic is mourning the death of King George (being held with the enemy." VI, fired a 101 -gun salute to the) Queried about the memorandum, Ei lzabeth tnc Welch said: "This is a request and not an order. However, to avoid any suggestion of traffic with the enemy Secret Police Officer Said RedDiplomat Polish Army Man Gives Testimony In Probe Of Katyn Forest Massacre WASHINGTON—(INS)—A former Polish officer testified today that Russian ambassador to Britain Zarubin bears the same name and likeness as the war time NKVD commander of a notorious Red prison camp. Col. George Grobicki told a House committee that when he was in London several years ago he identified a man from a picture as the NKVB (secret police) commander of the Russian prison camp at Kozel's. He added that other Poles in London told him that the picture was that of the Soviet ambassador. 5,000 Disappear It was from Kozel's that 5,000 Polish soldiers, captured in the Soviet invasion of Poland in September 1939, mysteriously disappeared. The committee has heard testimony that they were taken to Katyn, Russia and "massacred. The committee, headed by Rep. Madden (D) Ind., is seeking to fix the blame for the massacre. The Russian and Germans have each blamed the other for the mass murders. Ambassador Zarubin was involved in the sensational expose of the Russian atom spy ring in Canada. He was military attache in Ottawa during the spy expose and later was promoted to ,the London post. Escaped Death Five Times Grobicki, who now operates a wine shop in Toronto, Canada, told a dramatic story of how he five times escaped execution after being captured by the Russians in September 1939. Grobicki, who walks with crutches as a result of the wound he received, said a soldier bayoneted him in the back, but his heavy overcoat and belt saved him from a mortal wound. On the last occasion, he said, his name was placed on a list of Polish prisoners scheduled to be removed from Kozel'sk, but he was in the hospital at the time and a Russian doctor said he was too ill to be moved. Ambush Victim Truman Picks Kennan To Be Ambassador Will Succeed Kirk In Moscow; Authored 'Containment* Policy WASHINGTON— (fP) —President Truman today nominated George F. Kennan, author of the policy of 'containment" of Russian Communism, to be ambassador to Moscow. Kennan, State Department expert on Russia who wrote out his Russian policy under the name of '''Mr. X," was nominated to succeed Adm. Alan G. Kirk. Kirk's resignation was effective yesterday. Kirk wrote the President: "Over two and a half years have passed since you appointed me to Moscow, and I feel after thatj length of time a change is indicated. Nevertheless, the experience has been most instructive and informative, and I am happy to have been of service to you in the capacity of your ambassador." The President announced last December 26 he was naming Kennan to be the ambassador to Moscow. Russia had orally informed the i NEW YORK—(INS)—A 30-year- White House he would be accept-; 0 id defense worker allegedly con- able, even though he had been f es sed to police today that he fatally under attack by both the official; stabbed two women in a locked Soviet newspaper Pravda and radio i Bronx apartment during a violent Young Defense Worker Admits iKnif e Slayiiigs •> ~ Moscow. ! struggle. Pravda called him a supporter of' Bronx District Attorney De Luca anti-Soviet organizations and the! identified the prisoner as John Ker- Moscow radio had listed him as; ringer, and said Kerringer admitted among "shady persons who are.' .stabbing Mrs. Genevieve "Jean" usually spies of long standing." j Mitchell, 36, and Mrs. Frances Cas- Kennan, 47 years old and a native icllo, 45. of Milwaukee, is a veteran of a i rj e Luca quoted Kerringer as say- quarter century of diplomatic ser-jj n g the stabbing occurred Sunday vice, which has included three tours [ night when Mrs. Mitchell attacked in Moscow. ! him with a knife. Cause of the quar- President Truman told Adm. Kirk; re i still was being investigated, in a letter released by the White; Prior to the alleged confession, it House that he had to accede to' w a.s thought that the two women— Kirk's request for relief from the;who were longtime friends—might certainly implies that no article of (MOSCOW assignment, but did it re-; have fought a duel to the death, or any kind will pass between our cor- ( luctantly. respondents and the enemy." Welch's memorandum: mittee chairman, said he was "notjcharged with a series of robberies-p p nss ihlo Fvo Snr going to sit here and preside overJNew Year's night in the Frederick; *"»»»""- L,>«- oui. the liquidation of the southern tex- business section. ; WASHINGTON —(/P)— Vice Pres-': "The UNC has viewed with grow-', Himes and Tregonino; a few daysij dent Barkley is in naval hospital ling apprehension the practices of ago waived grand jury action and| at nea rby Bethesda, Md., for a pos- : certain UNC correspondents of ex-j asked for immediate trials. jsible eye operation. ; ce.ssive social consorting including; The break was discovered at 7 a.j The 74-year-old vice president's drinking of alcoholic beverages with: m. when the prisoners left their j general health was reported excel- communist 'journalists'—this as dif- \ cells for breakfast. AH prisoners | lent by a medical duty officer after ferentiated from required profes' tile industry." 'Agent To Testify Federal Trial Of Reds Opens LOS ANGELES — (/P) — The government buckles down today to the business of trying to prove that the American Communist Party is dedicated to violence as the first, witness takes the stand against 15 California party leaders. Rfid - i Slap Record that one had killed the other and then committed suicide. The clue that led police to believe a third party was involved was a blood stain on the outside of the locked apartment door. The apartment's condition w a s Charles Gross, 55, above, acting Republican committeeman in Chicago's 31st ward, was shot to death last night by shotgun blasts from a parked car. (Story At Bottom Of Page). Win For Ike 9 Forces Press For Delegates Brewster Says Taf t Has Nomination 'Sewed Up'; Russell Ducks Demo Bid (By The Associated Press) Eisenhower - for - President forces are stepping up their fight to win a political beachhead for the general. There were these developments for several states and Washington: 1. Seven speakers from Congress and elsewhere will begin .moving into New Hampshire next week to boom Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for that state's 14 delegates to the GOP presidential nominating convention. 2. Gov. John Lodge of Connecticut publicly came out for Elsenhower and announced he is going on a speaking tour of Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana. Want Returns Certified 3. Louisiana Elsenhower backer; feuding with sponsors of Senator Taft of Ohio are seeking to force the GOP State Central Cimmlttee to certify the returns of the Jan, 15 party primary in which Eisenhower supporters won the majority of seats. 4. In Washington, evidence mounted that the general's supporters are building up pressure for him to return home and help get the bandwagon rolling. 5. Eisenhower still has a 5 to 3 edge over Taft in Oklahoma, but Taft picked up two more delegates to the GOP National Convention yesterday in the struggle for Oklahoma's 16 representatives. General Douglas MacArthur has one, one is .still uncommitted, and six more are to be elected. Brcwsler Backs Taft Senator Brewster (R-Me), however, wasn't too impressed with all the "I like Ike" activity. He predicted that if present political trend; continue, Taft will have the GOP nomination "sewed up" within a few weeks. Harold E. Stasscn said today he does not believe Gen. Dwight D Eisenhower will return to campaign i for the Republican presidential! nomination. i Stossen said he also would enter the April 15 primary in New Jersey, the April 22 primary in Pennsylvania and the May 13 primary in West! Virginia, making nine primaries in all. With Truman's plans still a mys- Funeral Of Father Set Tentatively On. Feb. 18; Airport Scene Cheerless LONDON — (/Pi — Young Queen Elizabeth II returned to her home- and today to ascend the throne and bury King George VI. The 25 - year - old queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions overseas reached London Airport at 4:15 pom. (11:15 a.m. EST) after a flight from Nairobi, Kenya. It was exactly a week since she left London, as Princess Elizabeth, to make round-the-world tour of five months. A plain oak coffin was being prepared for the remains of her father. King George VI. The scene at the airport was a cheerless one, in the gathering jloom of the early English twilight. The Airport was ringed by scores of policemen sent to keep the arrival private. Prime Minister Churchill had appealed to the public in advance to stay away from the airport and respect the queen's grief. To Take Oath Elizabeth stepped out of the plane at 4:33 pjn. It was arranged that she go to Clarence House, her residence as princess, and then to Buckingham Palace to take the oath to uphold the constitution, before the privy council. Tomorrow she will be" formally proclaimed queen—the first woman to rule Britain In 51 years. Six cars stood by at the airport to take the royal party and its luggage to the heart of London. Policemen were posted along the 15-mile route from the airport to central London, to speed the motor convoy. Churchill bowed deeply and shook hands with the Queen as she stepped from the plane, closely followed by her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh. Elizabeth wore a black hat and coat. The Duke, in a dark overcoat, was hatless. Five-minutes after they left the plane the Queen and the Duke drove away toward London. A thin line of spectators standing outside the airport saw the procession pull away. Waves group of To Soldiers soldiers snapped a salute at the royal car as it passed. The Queen unsmiling waved back. Before leaving the airport, the Queen said she would like to see the crew of the airliner which flew her from Africa. They lined up on the concrete apron and in a low voice she thanked them all. Her face was pale and she was plainly under a strain. But her tears were unshed. As the royal car swept through the gates, the Duke solicitously bent forward and arranged the rug around the Queen's feet. In the streets outside, men bared their heads and women, some in tears, waved their handkerchiefs. Airfield workers said the new Queen, while talking briefly with Churchill, stood in almost the spot where her father waved goodbye to her one week ago. Meanwhile in London, 83-year-old Queen Mary was advised by telephone of the royal party's return. She immediately drove to Clarence House to comfort her grieving granddaughter. At the Sandringham royal estate where her father died peacefully in his sleep yesterday morning, carpenters sawed, hammered and fitted the king's coffin from a great oak tree, felled months ago on the estate where he was born and died. (Continued on Page 5, Col. 3) Winnie Still Free proof of furious battle. Furniture was knocked over. The phone was Second Inmate : Flees Hospital tery, Senator Russell (D-Ga) said he deeply appreciates the suggestion were accoun'cd for at the 12:30 a. I he entered the hospital late yester-;sional contacts, x x x m. check, the sheriff's office said. | day. (Continued on Page <;, Col. 4) 'Valentine Girl* Victim Of Cancel Expresses Wish To Help Others ATLANTA—iVPi—A frail little Rirl .school drives several hundred dol- jwith cancer who won heart* around liars. The initial witness, possibly an the world last year when she asked | More than 500 boxes of candy and something was wrong. j CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — (/Pi I couple of Harvard sophomores—not. walls, even to be outdone by mere Russians—i kitchen, slapped themselves today into what they claim is a new record. Tired, if not slaphappy. Richard Mortimer and Oakleigh Thorn wound up a face-slapping marathon that broke a 48-hour record Doctors''reputedly held by two Russian stu- ripped out. There were blood stains by Gov. James F. Byrnes of South A everywhere—on the furniture and on watertaps in the Carolina that Russell be a presidential candidate. But he dur.kcd any [direct commitment at this time. diagnose. 1 ;: cancer. After the second dents. The record was reported by CHICAGO If} —A. of throe major brain operations they a columnist. PHOENIX, Ariz, — iVD — Another inmate fled from the Arizona State Hospital last night, following by four days the escape of Winnie Ruth Judd, trunk murdere.ss of 21 years ago. There still is no trace of Mrs. Judd. The latest to fine i.s a 46-year-old Negro, described a,s "unpredictable and possibly dangerous." His name was not, released. He escaped by scaling the hospital's barbed wire fence. His rip- Republican; lum encroachment into the ward's! pa.rture was discovered at, bedcheck GOP Ward Chief Dies In 'Gangland' Ambush ward official, described as a vigorous . . liride-eovcr ?""" t , ic ^"^cteri to for a valentine i.s stronger now and other gifts poured in. Opening of ; termed it incurable. \ Since 10 a. m. Tuesday they had lav the keystone of the prosecution's j hopes she can help others this letters has gone on and on but still \ Two years ago Jackie was uncon-| been alternately slapping eac h foe of the so-called hoodlum element three-week presentation supporting! Feb. 14. Jan estimated 50,000 envelopes re-i scions on Valentine Day and too i other, not too hard but nevertheless seeking domination of some of the the charges thr.t the party leaders, A year ago. 13-year-old Jacquelyn : main pealed. 'sick to know when the next Christ-! not too lightly, at ten-second inter-' city's wards, was slain in gangland conspired to teach and advocate 1 Marre, confined to bed or a wheel' The candy and boxes were sent to j ma.s came. That's why last year, ;vals. style last night. politics. Thry reported similar! time. overthrow of the government by force and violence. U. S. Atty. Walter S. Binns declined to . disclose the identity oi his lead-off man, but said: "I think when her parents brought her home' And with reddend faces, not to ganglanri invasion in several of the; Mrs. Jurtd's" escape was the fifth i city's 50 wards. i (imp she has broken out of the hos- • Gross' widow, Ethel, was quoted; pita! where she was committed 19 i by police as saying, "I was afraid • ye a rs ago. She was originally sen- ! of this." when told hrr husband had . fenced to be hanesd for the murdei Police said she refused! of two women friends in 1031 bill but they paid shp[72 hours brforp hf>r scheduled exe- ferred to recent trouble: eu ' ion was 'mind to br insane. in? Republican committeeman of in the ward. ! Yesterday an unidentified womat j communication and the unpredict- , valentines because I could share ;year gave h/r only three months to j lyverett House quarters today. They the 31st ward. . c.rcv.u, Judge Daniel Roberts, a' telephoned the shcriU's office anc he'll be on the stand quite a while." able wonder of human kindness, the i them. I enjoy them more that way."! live but says with a smile, "I'm : had done 48 hours and ten seconds. The ambush occurred in the Hum- 1 former GOP commiUoeman of the! said she had assurances Mrs Jurtc 1 The defense— spearheaded by state I wish was answered in staggering! Her father, Arthur Marre (pro- i feeling fine. I fooled them." bettering the Russian mark by thatboldt Park District, as Gross reach- 31st Ward, hinteri bluntly that the: would return fo the state hospital party leader William Schneiderman.i fashion frcm the far corners of the nounced Mariei, a physiotherapist,! Will the postman ring aeain at extra ten seconds. : ed a darkened section of the street. ' . .. . . who is defending himself — concen-j earth. , remarked, "this child is the most tin- J4I6 Ninth Street, N.E., Atlanta, this ; A diet of bananas and tomato in front, of a church near North trated in its openinc arguments yes- j About a million and a half pieces ! selfish person I ever knew." j Valentine Day? Jackie hopes so, be-' juice had sustained them through : and Kedzie Avenues. chair and given only three months orphans' homes and children's hos- to be Through the Tnarvels of modern "I'm so glad I got the candy and j Jackie has read that, doctors last: cheering fellow students in their Seven shotgun blasts, apparently j been slain. live, wistfully hoped she "could jpitals. Jackie, who can walk today, from a hospital. Valentine Day was speak of eyes, they went over the fired by two gunmen from an auto-' to say more someone's valentine." observed, in her gentle halting way: so important. record mark before an audience of mobile, felled Charles Gross. 56, act-1 nrr—rfwh 1 r^fe terday on the thesis that the rte-'of mail flooded the modest Marre It was a year ago the world heard icau.'e .'he knows a lot of ''really un- , rhe bewildering contest. A wager of Political spokesmen speculated illinc could be traced to the hood-, if she were allowed to testify befor« him activities in the ward. | the Manr.opa County Grand Jury. I will say right now that the; James Gang, Jr., the jury's acting fendants had always been practicing j home, literally causing the fioors to about Jackie. Her parents had '• fortunate" children with whom she'd ' S128 with other students ComimmivSts openly and legally. (sag. The waste paper alor.e netted t noticed when she was nearly U that j like to share. |the tapfest. time has come when Uie Republican; foreman, .raid Mrs. Judd would be inspired openly that the slaying stemmed' Party has COT, to clean its house and subpoenaed when she returns or i! i from a steadily strengthening hood-j clean itself up," Roberts said. 1 recaptured. '