Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on January 5, 1972 · Page 6
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Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 6

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Estherville, Iowa
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Wednesday, January 5, 1972
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Page 6
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Violence Not Necessarily- Synonymous with Criminals BY TEBIFARLEY Drake Univ. Journalism Student DES MOINES — "Some people have the idea that all people convicted of a crime ar« violent," said Judge Leo Oxberger, chief criminal judge of the Polk County District Court here, "but, in actuality> less than 5 per cent of all criminals fall into this category." The Fort Des Moines Correctional Institute is located in the old Fort Des Moines facilities at the south edge of the city. The men sent to the minimum security jail are those who have written bad checks, those who break into business establishments after hours, or shoplifters. Presently, the facility houses a maximum of 50 men. "The Fort Des Moines facility is halfway between probation and the penitentiary," said Judge Oxberger. "It is a halfway-in facility. We take those who cannot be trusted on full probation." The inmates are even allowed to go home on weekends. The decision is left up to Oxberger who relies on recommendations from the staff. Approximately half of the 50 inmates usually go home on weekends but all 50 were allowed to go over Thanksgiving. The jail does not employ guards, although a watchman is there 24 hours a day to report any escapes or flare-ups. Since the jail opened last July, there have been 8-9 escapees and all have been caught within 24 hours. The men seem to realize that they were lucky to have been recommended to the facility in the police sentence report. '' We make it clear to them from the very beginning that if we have to go after them, they will be sent to the penitentiary," Oxber­ ger said. The main task of the minimum security jail is to get the inmates ready to take a job and to keep it. "It is hard for us to understand the problem these people have in finding a job," Oxber­ ger said. "Many of them have never held a job because they do not know how to get up at 8 a.m. When they come to the courts we tell them that they can either sit their term out in the county jail or go to the correctional institute where they can get a chance to find a job and learn how to get up at 8 a.m. "When the inmate arrives, we go through a process of building 'Honest Mistakes' Said Costing Welfare Bueks WASHINGTON (AP) - The government estimates it may be misspending $500 million a year on welfare, due to "honest mistakes" by overworked and inefficient state and local welfare agencies. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare disclosed at a news conference Monday that a preliminary survey last April indicated about 5 per cent of the nation's welfare families were ineligible for payments, and even more were paid too much or not enough. , Richard P. Nathan, HEW deputy undersecretary for welfare reform planning, said the figures indicate the need for prompt congressional action on the administration's welfare reform bill. "These data don't completely Post Office Pun: Mail Chauvinism LOS ANGELES (AP) - At the post office, mail chauvinism has joined such bygones as the six-cent stamp and the two- cent post card. Women, who've been sorting and toting the mail for years, are now guarding it as well and investigating postal thefts and frauds. The Postal Service has 52 women among the 1,300 security guards nationwide. The first was a 27-year-old former judo instructor, Kathryn Prime, who went to work in Philadelphia in December 1970. Los Angeles has nine women guards and is recruiting more. The need for women guards stems from the large number of women postal employes, said a Postal Service spokesman in Washington. The women guards are able to frisk women suspects, have access to women's rest rooms and keep track of demonstrators outside the buildings. Women also are becoming postal inspectors. The first two women inspectors in the 234- year history of the service were sworn in at ceremonies in Washington Dec. 17. The women train alongside the men during a three-week course at the University of Oklahoma. After graduation they earn the same pay as men— about $7,500 a year— wear blue uniforms, visor caps and a butterfly tie and carry a .38-caliber pistol. "I hope I don't ever have to use it," said Darlene Willoughby, 30, one of 17 women guards in the San Francisco- Oakland area. She said authorities give the women the easier office duties and won't let them guard a high-value mail delivery alone. Al Burdick, chief security officer for the Los Angeles division, says he has no qualms about women guards. "In this capacity they work very well," Burdick said. : "The male guards have never companied. In fact, they complement each other because if there is a purse to be searched the women do it. It softens the approach." American Ships SAN DIEGO,' Calif. (AP) President Nixon, in California to meet with Japan's prime minister, flies here today to boost American shipbuilders who face stiff competition from Japanese and European yards. reflect the problem today in welfare administration," he said. "If anything, the situation is worse." Only one out of every five state and local welfare agencies are automated, Nathan said. "Mistakes, delays and abuses are inevitable under these conditions." HEW officials said their survey, covering about half the nation's welfare caseload and admittedly subject to error, indicates the inadequacy of the present system. They said the 5 per cent cited in the survey cost an estimated $168 million a year. Over-payments cost an additional $124 million, they said, and underpayments totaled $38 million. "Most of the errors were identified as honest mistakes by state and local welfare agencies or by those who received the payment," an HEW official said. More than half were agency errors. In many cases backlogged agencies did not reduce benefits promptly enough when a client reported an increase in outside income, the official said. up his self-confidence. The majority of them have a poor image of themselves and start out with the wrong attitude when they go to apply for work. They have never had a decent job with decent pay and thus do not expect to get one. "They are mostly desperate people who cannot make it good in this rat-race world. They still want a stereo or car, but if they can't find a job that pays them decent wages, they feel forced to steal to get the finer things in life. So the answer is to get them a job where they can make enough money to buy what they want." In order to qualify for some jobs, the inmates attend classes at Drake, Roosevelt High School or Des Moines Area Community College, depending on the particular interests or needs of the individual. When the man is ready to apply for a job, a fulltime VISTA worker employed by the facility accompanies the individual to his interview and encourages the employer to hire the man. The VISTA Volunteer then works with that individual until he finds a job. Unlike many prisons around the country, the Fort Des Moines Correctional Institute does not have a racial problem between the staff and the inmates. "We are very color conscious to make certain there are no problems," said Judge Oxberger. "The men there have felt the prejudice of society and there is no better way to overcome this prejudice than to color balance the staff and the inmates. To ignore the color is to aggravate the problem. Approximately half of our staff is black because most of our inmates are black. By having half of the staff black, the black inmates do not feel they are being discriminated against." The color consciousness stops with the hiring of staff members, however. When a man is admitted to the facility, he is assigned a counselor, regardless of color. The facility also houses heroin addicts who are not yet prepared to go into the community as a student or as a worker. "If you let him out in the street, he will steal to get more money for his habit," said Ox­ berger. "Unfortunately, we do not have the staff to prepare the user for the time when he will go out into the community. We have to rely on volunteers. For instance, we have a professional who comes in to head group therapy programs." Oxberger feels that the key to rehabilitation of a prisoner is normal life experience. At the Fort Des Moines Correctional Institute, this experience is finally being realized. ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, WED., JAN. 5, 1972 ' '• ? * '<;- ~ \ n % •:• -| \ FDA to Evaluate Nonprescription^ Page 6 Membership Gift With membership promising to go over the 700 mark, Estherville Veterans of Foreign Wars gave 1972 paid-up members free Tom and Jerry treats on New Year's Day. Here some of the workers are pictured mixing the batter and taking care of the dishes—truly a man's work. (Daily News Photo by Chuck Ostheimer) Propose More Federal School Money WASHINGTON (AP) - The National Education Association is fashioning a proposal for Congress which would increase federal spending for primary, secondary and vocational schooling more than fourfold. The key to the NEA program, which is still in preliminary draft form, is "guaranteeing each child an equal education opportunity," says Donald E. Morrison, president of the 1.1 million-member organization. The NEA is envisioning a $72.4 billion program, including an estimated $42 billion in local expenditures. To meet the total, the federal government would, have to increase its portion of education financing from 7 to 30 per cent. In calling for a larger federal role, Morrison points to a California court decision which found the traditional method of tax, unconstitutional because of the uneven level of resources from one taxing district to another. The federal government, he maintained, must provide a foundation program that would provide equal educational opportunity whether a child lives in a rich or poor locale. In addition to a national equalization program, Morrison contends that two other issues must be resolved: The mixing of inner-city and suburban resources and the source of public money for private schools. . -in,.,... While tax bases are eroding, big cities, nevertheless^ need more money because urban poverty belts have "the most expensive children to educate." The NEA has consistently opposed the use of public funds for private or parochial schools. pending legislation before Congress which faces up to the many problems of the public schools. A bill to provide $1.5 million in emergency school aid will give big cities some assistance, he says, but not in the depth or scope needed. The NEA proposal will not concentrate on urban problems exclusively, but also will deal with the financial plight of rural schools which have 30 per cent of the nation's enrollment. Unite Asians " 1 1NEW"'DELHI ; (AP)' . Prime-* Minister Indira Gandhi urged „ ' Asian'6oum¥ies!•'tbHay/tdbdlM a" strong arid united force In their region and end ''domination by rich and big nations." WASHINGTON (AP) - The Food and Drug Administration Tuesday announced a three-year program to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of hundreds of thousands of nonprescription drugs. The agency said its concern was illustrated by a recent review of 420 over-the-counter drugs by the National Academy of Sciences which concluded that only about one-fourth are effective. The new program is similar to.a 1966 review, recently completed, of 2,752 individual prescription drugs. Almost 15 per cent failed to live up to claims and 35 per cent were found to be only possibly effective. "Because self-medication is essential to the nation's healthcare system, it is Imperative that the over-the-counter drugs be safe and effective and have fully informative labeling," said FDA Commissioner Charles C. Edwards. Rather than tackle each of the 100,000 to 500,000 nonprescription drugs one at a time, and tie up court dockets and the FDA's staff for years, he said, the agency will utilize expert panels to evaluate ingredients, dosages and condi­ tions'for use for at least 26 basic classes of over-the-counter products. The classes include antacids, laxatives, antiperspirants, sunburn products, vitamin-mineral products, dandruff products, mouthwashes, analgesics, sedatives, stimulants, antihistamines, cold remedies, contraceptives and menstrual products. The panels will compose standards on active ingredients, labeling, warnings and directions for use. Each over-the- counter product would have to meet the standards, be reformulated, gain approval as a new drug or be taken off the market. The first panel is expected to be organized by March 1 to review antacids, with a proposed standard anticipated around the end of July, the FDA said. "The FDA," said Edwards, "is concerned • that" many present formulations do not have the claimed effectiveness, have inadequate instructions for effective use by the consumer or are promoted in deceptive and indefensible ways." The FDA hopes that by proposing standards through rules, rather than court action, it can sidestep grandfather clauses In the 1938 Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and the 1962 amendment exempting older products from new-drug requirements; Industrial Production Shows Gains WASHINGTON (AP) - Industrial production gained in November, indicating a possible stepup in the pace of the nation's sluggish economy, the Federal Reserve Board said today. The board said industrial production, which measures output on the nation's factories, mines and utilities, advanced by eight-tenths of one per cent last month after standing still in October. The board's industrial production index is one of the more important economic indicators, tending to reflect early trends in the economy. Output of consumer goods, business equipment and materials rose in November, a possible indication that consumers- are beginning to increase their rate of spending. Among consumer goods, production of furniture, some app 1 i a n c e s, and non-durable goods increased. There was -a slight boost in the output of automobiles. The rise in output of business equipment followed a decline in October. Since May, production of business equipment has increased by four per cent, the board said. Production of construction products and steel also was up in November. A settlement of the coal strike accounted for onefourth of. the November increase, as mines began producing coal again. MILLER'S R eSafe Burt, iowa 50522 ,End:;iof season haftjpriice sale begins Jan. 3, 1972. Hours ltt A.M .-9 PiM. Nearly every' itepi 'in'the' store reduced 50,per cent. Hours ;iuV5 Tues. - Sat. 10-9Mon. Burt, Iowa, , 50522. Phone 295-2967. 3'/ 4 miles north from Jet. 18 & 169. 1 school financing, the property Morrison feels there is no FREE EYE TEST D0Y0UREALIZE THAT0URCUST0MERS ARETHEHAPPIEST INTOWNBECAUSE WEPAYTHEBEST INTERESTRATES INTHEAREA. WHYDON'T WHOOPEE III Y0UBE HAPPY TOO 7 % PAID ON SAVINGS Stockdale, Inc. 418 CENTRAL AVE. ESTHERVILLE, IOWA TOeie Still Iftimfoi One!/t«d "facte 1971 1971 1971 PONTIAC OLDSMOBILE PONTIAC CATALINA 4-DOOR HARDTOP. POWER AND FACTORY AIR CONDITIONING. LEASE UNIT. A BEAUTIFUL CAR AT A BEAUTIFUL PRICE. DELTA 88. 4-DOOR HARDTOP. DEEP BROWN WITH BEIGE VINYL TOP AND TRIM. POWER. FACTORY "AIR. LEASE UNIT. LeMANS 2-DOOR HARDTOP. BLUE WITH WHITE VINYL TOP. FACTORY AIR CONDITIONING. 1970 1971 1970 0LDSM0BILE FORD FORD CUTLASS'S 2-DOOR HARDTOP. AIR CONDITIONING. RED WITH BLACK VINYL ROOF - BALANCE OF WARRANTY. MAVERICK 2-DOOR FACTORY AIR CONDITIONING. AUTOMATIC-GREEN WITH GREEN APPOINTMENTS. LTD FACTORY AIR CONDITIONING. MICHLIN TIRES. SHARP. TWO TO CHOOSE FROM. 1970 1970 1969 BUICK CHEVROLET CADILLAC LaSABRE CUSTOM 4-DOOR SEDAN. BLACK VINYL ROOF FACTORY AIR. IMPALA 4-DOOR HARDTOP. MEDIUM BLUE WITH DARK BLUE VINYL ROOF. REAL NICE CAR. COUPE ALL THE CADILLAC EXTRAS. MICHLIN TIRES. GOLD. SHARP. 1968 LARGE 1965 PONTIAC SELECTION VOLKSWAGEN CATALINA 4-DOOR HARDTOP. BAGA GOLD WITH BLACK ROOF. GOLD TRIM. OF 1964'S, 1965'S, 1966'S, 1967'S AND 1968'S USED CARS. ECONONICAL - ECONOMICAL, ECONOMICAL, ECONOMIC A L, ECONOMICAL, ECONOMICAL. WHAT ELSE CAN WE SAY? Home Of The 5 YEAR, 50,000 MILE WARRANTY MOTOR INN INC Otdsmobile - Pontiac - Cadillac - GMC Trucks Estherville, Iowa

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