Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas on July 23, 1963 · Page 10
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Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas · Page 10

Garden City, Kansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, July 23, 1963
Page 10
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Racial Integration Explosion Se en PONYTA1L EDITORS NOTE-Will racial strife in Amrrlra he limited to sporadic outbreaks or are we, in this turbulent summer, on the vnrce nf major domestic violence-? The first installment of a special series on the deepening integration crisis outlines an on-the-spot survey of major friction spots. By BERNARD CAVZER AP Newsfeaturet Writer Vice President Lyndon n. Johnson has warned that "a lime that the discontent still is below ! the boilinR point, but. . . our organizers throughout th P country are surprised that it hasn't toiled over." Hurke Marshall, assistant attorney genera! in charge of civil rights, says: "The country has to move en this issue in rapid fashion or there will l»e a great deal of racial unrest that will boil over into violence." If the lime gomb should go off, bomb ticks'' in America's streets i where is it likely to explode? this turbulent summer of IfXW. The bomb is the explosive crisis which has flared in sporadic violence, in Danville, Va., Cam- br ; (ige. Md., and New York as N?J?roes and whiles have clashed «n the issue of full racial equality no\«. Overhanging these and other outbreaks arn the haunting question.'". Will the bomb go off? Mow? Where? Interviews with and reports from top-level white and Negro officials in federal, stale and municipal governments, with civic, social and religious leaders, and with citizens in the street, point to one conclusion: There is grave danger of major racial violence as America looks for a solution to the deepening integration crisis. If chaos comes, the consensus is: 1. It may very likely—hut not ncvcissarily—occur in a Northern big city. 2. It. may stem fnnn rigid police action—or from a minor inci- Hcr.l blown out of proportion by rumor. National Urban League trustees report: "Hundreds of thousands of (Northern) Negro citizens—struggling beneath the mounting burden of automation, overcrowding and subtle discrimination — are reaching the breaking point." Tho Hcv. Dr. Gardner Taylor, Negro pastor of Brooklyn's Concord Hnptist Church, warns: Miscalculation of. the moment of truth which is upon us could plunge. New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia Chicago, Detroit and Los Angeles into a crimson carnage -with a blood 'bath unparalleled in the history of the nation." One of the worst years in the history of U.S. race relations was 1919. There were seven major riots that year—the three worst occurring in Chicago (38 killed, 537 wounded and injured), Washington, D.C. (B killed, scores hurt), Phillips County, Ark. (30 killed, and hundreds hurt). Can such riots come again? Dr. Kenneth Clark, Ncr^ro professor at New York University, answers: "If white America refuses to grant rights to Negro citizens and continues to withhold them, I suppose white America will try killing Negroes. If white America is prepared to see Negroes being killed and killed and killed, then this will happen, but it won't stop anything, because .you simply cannot kill everyone." In Chicago, Ralph Hclsteln, president of the United Workers—a union integrated decades ago—says: "My feeling Is Some, including Dr. Richard Wade, professor of urban history at the University of Chicago, thinks it may occur in the South. Wadp cites a long history of deference on th c part of Ihe Negro, who in many Southern regions is unskilled and uneducated and has little organization. Others believe the explosion is more likely to occur in the North where 'here is .job discrimination, do facto segregation in housing, do facto school segregation and social discrimination. A Negro public relations man notes: "I sit in my air-conditioned office all day and I see nicely dressed people and I look down on Sixth Avrniif, and 1 almost forget about color. Then at .V.30 I get downstairs and it hits me in the face. 1 can't gel. a cab be- prnrJ upon who's defining (hem, control of the masses evaporates. Jampjj H. Meredith gets booed at an NAACP convention in Chicago. At the same convention, the Rev. Dr. .1. ft. Jarkson, president of the National (Negro) Baptist Convention, is txwed for nine minutes, supposedly because he had backed President Kennedy's call for a moratorium on demonstrations. Leaving the speaker's platform, the Rev. Mr. Jackson was pinned against it by 50 persons, crying, "Kill him! Kill him!" The mood for action is all pervading. Its beat is sounded by Dr. .lames M. Nabrit Jr., president of Howard University. "We are sick of evasions, weary of excuses, fed tip with promises and want action now, liberty now, (quality now." C. Sumner Stone Jr.. editor of th e Washinxtrn (D.C.) Afro-American, says "For the first time, I'd say, everybody is involved. All Negroes, except for some Uncle Toms, are orepared to be involved." In Detroit. George W. Cathcart of the Trade Union Leadership Council—a Negro labor power- was told about a professor's comment thai the old people got con out of school, I'll find you another one." " There Is concern that the one thing which might lead to trouble would be a march on Washington. Such a march is set for Aug. 28. It was decided upon in New York recently at a strategy meeting involving the NA^CP's Roy Wilkins, the Southe-.; Christian Leadership Conference's Martin Luther King Jr., the Urban League's Whitney Young, CORE'S James Farmer, The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee's John Lewis and A. F'hilip Randolph, president of the Negro American Labor Council. The march w«i scheduled even though the Kennedy administration has voiced vigorous determination to get a strong civil rights hill through Congress. Negro leaders feel there will be a filibuster and that a march will show lawmakers the degree of Negro unity and determination. Authorities who must plan for any eventuality hav e done so in many areas. The federal government is committed to back decisions of courts and policies of the administration with troops. Police in many cities have been 'given © Kinjt FMtnra Syndicate, Int., 1963. Wnrlil rithtj "They talk so much on the phone that they don't have anything to say when they see each other." Carrier AIR CONTROL CO. HEATING AIR-CONDITIONING SALES, INSTALLATION AND SERVICE 1125. Main BR 6-8072 Wt Service All Makes! Mobile Sheet Metal Shop HOME OF BETTER VALUES FOR OVER 45 YEARS CR Commission Issues Posters TOPEKA (AP) — The Kansas Commission on Civil 'Rights is sending circulars to the 6,000 hotels, motels and restaurants in the stnto calling attention to the stronger laws against discrimination enacted by the 198v Legislature. Included is a model notice for posting: "It is the declared policy of this . establishment to serve all orderly persons without discrimination because of religion, color, national origin or ancestry. Our employes have been instructed to comply witli the law." Kansas has had a public ac- comodations law since 1874, and (lie maximum penality for violating it is $1,000. Th 0 1963 legislation empowered the commission to investigate complaints, take testimony and issue cease and desist orders it it cannot secure compliance by conciliation. It may ask the courts to enforce its orders, and they may be challenged in the courts. The name "Tiros" stands for Television Infrared Observation Satellite. IN KANSAS BEER IS A NATURAL From nature's light gram comes sparkling, light beer... Kansas' traditional beverage of moderation—it's light, sparkling, delicious. And naturally, the Brewing Industry in Kansas is proud of the more than two and one-half million tax dollars it contributes to the state of Kansas each year — money that helps support our schools, our hospitals mid our parks. In Kansas, beer belongs, enjoy it. UNITED STATES BREWERS ASSOCIATION, INC. KANSAS DIVISION t and are undergoing special train- verted and the young people got jrvg arid indoctrination. Detroit and cause everybody thinks I want t () j religion," and related: "When I| Chicago have police departments go up to Harlem " j was a n °y they told me, "don't especially alert, to any possible ra- fight, get an education.. I tell my i cial disturbance. In Chicago* Alvln Prejean, depu-i| boy, '"Fight and if you get thrown i Next: The Naked Basis of Crisis ty director of the Urban League, insists all lh c ingredients for explosion arc to be found in Chicago, among other Northern cities. "Negroes are pushing and whites are pushing back," lie say "People here used to talk about those poor people down in Birmingham. Now they are talking about here. We need better teach- better jobs, better housing, just to catch up with whites." Earl Brown, Negro, deputy Manhattan borough president and former magazine writer who with Louis E. Martin, now a member of Iho Democratic National Committee, predicted the 1943 Detroit race riot (34 dead, 700 injured), says it is the discovery of obtaining dignity which contributes to the Negro militancy. "This is the Negro doing something for himself," Brown says. "He's learning something about dignity. He may have to lose some blood, but he's found that that's the road to freedom, not just winning n peace." As in any social movement, there is confusion. Leaders struggle for power positions, goals de- British Honduras to Get Self Rule Jan. 1 LONDON (AP) — British Hon-1 leaders agreed on a new const! duras, a Central American colony tution Monday, bordering Mexico and Guatemala, 'will get self rule on Jan. 1. Movie Stars Have Their Pet Projects By JAMES BACON HOLLYWOOD (AP) — Movie stars love a good cause almost as much as a good part. Marlon Brando's prominence in integration headlines is the most recent example. There are phonies, a very few, who may lend their names for publicity. But most are sincere and work hard at it. Some, like Jerry Lewis and Frank Sinatra, not only work hard but spend thousands of dollars on their pet projects. Lewis is a tireless worker in the campaign against muscu- Page 10 Onrdon «'Hy Tuesday, July 23, 1963 of course, is GI Joe in some lonely outpost. "I don't consider this charity," explains Hope. "Where else can I get an audience that won't walk out on me?" Jack Benny's violin playing (?) has raised thousands for musician pension funds and paid off the deficit for some symphony orchestras. Danny Thomas, who says he once had a prayer to St. .Tude lar dystrophy. Sinatra, who calls answered, raised more than a British and British Honduran -Whether buying or selling, use Telegram Want Ads! himself an overnrivileged adult, last year spent $25,000 on a world tour that raised $1.2 million for underprivileged kids. Lewis, although Jewish, is a big financial gun behind the Mary and Joseph League, a Catholic •charity. That's life wife's pet charity. She's a Roman Catholic. As a class, the comedians are the hardest workers. Some like Joe E. Lewis and Jimmy Durante dont't do it publicly. They just see that some of their I old pals who didn't make it big eat well and pay the rent. Bob Hope has more causes than Bing Crosby jokes. His favorite, million to build the St. Jude Hospital in Memphis. Red Skelion has given a fortune for leukemia research since the disease took the life of his son, Richard. Jane Russell founded WATF, the international adoption agency that so far has placed 11,000 children with parents. Loretta Young has done much for unwed mothers, as has Mrs. Bob Hope. Danny Kaye and Myrna Loy work hard for UNESCO. George Jesse) has sold millions of dollars' worth of bonds for Israel. PRICES SLASHED 14.95 SAVINGS i TERMS! I'S-JIJ] LOWEST PRICE EVER! Popular 2}" langlife MOWER Easy-Spin Starting 2'/z hp. Briggs & Stratton Engine Rugged Steel Housing Staggered Wheel Design SAVE ON ALL MOWERS.' Folding Dropleaf Steel Table Reduced to 5 PORTABLE constructed to fold compactly to size similar to suitcase. Ideal for picnics, camping and home buffets. {Wivsi) Save 3 Cooks outdoors like a kitchen range, folds like a suitcase. Ideal for the camper. (603«) Easy Term* Double Mantle LANTERN Save 4 Reg. Floods 100-foot area. Storm- proof & smokeless. One filling lasts 8 to 10 hours. (<o-403-s) Uses low-cost fuel. 11 84 Coil Spring Clothes Pins 50 FOR 43 Clean white wood with spring clamps. Slock up! po-«?»-ii 12 Plastic Tumblers 197 Reg. 1 Complete with lace plastic sleeves. Assorted colors, (so-iss-8) 15-pc. Salad Set Save? STEEL ICE CHEST 8 tOOK AT THESE PRICE CUTS! Save on these for camping and vacation trips . . . Big and roomy with Fiberglas insulation. Rust-proof plastic liner. Food tray, hinged cover. "Vagabond" by Thermos 1-Gallon OUTING JUG Reg. 4)43 Vacucel insulation, shoulder spout and drinking cup cover. (60 >S»0) i 76 Tu-lone brown finish c.eramic- Western motif. Complete as is shown. (50-855-i) THERMOS QUART Vacuum Bottle Save 60' Reg. Keeps drinks cold or hot. Plastic cup cover. (eo-iii-7) Save 11% ICE TRAY 18' Unbreakable plastic, holds 14 cubes. Bands easy to remove ice. IW 18771 Inflatable 12$ AIR MATTRESS 1 laeal for swimming and sunbathing. Comfortable enough for sleeping. 69"x28". ^ 40021 Army Style COT 72 lorvj , 35 wid* f cuimg hard A'ood frame, >ree! braced. Dei ab!e 1O-o:. canvas ;:c^ei. .ac -W) Folding Aluminum COT Summer Car Needs at Lowest Prices Trojan SPARK PLUGS Reg. 554 37' Gel better mileage and faster starts. OIL FILTERS For All Cars 43' Cartridge type. Throwaway type, 1.79. Heavy Duty BRAKE FLUID Reg. 39' Safety approved and dependable. (3i-;»»-f) Air-Cooled CUSHION 99 Reg. 1.69 Cool driving comfort. Spring-filled. (17122) Kaiser Aluminum SUN SHADE Reg. 1.19 99' Keep> i'Ol sun ojt of car. 18 size. ;i ; -»*i Longlife MOTOR OIL 99 2-gd CO. heavy duty SAE 10, 20, 30 40. ••) -4j 2.-V4 Reg. 2.39 1 Car or Home FLOOR MAT R.g. 494 36' T-ihope black ribbed rubber. ;,/»s-»i Plastic Litter BASKET Reg. 494 29' hang Inside car. Choice oi colors. .. ! -s /! OTASCO OHUHOMA TI«E * SUPW.Y 301 N. Main Garden City, Kansas TICM Prclt* Geod at All Otasco $rort*l IR 4-740* •o i/l-

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