Page 9 article text (OCR)
THURSDAY, APRIL 15, 1934 U.S. Worker Has Ad vantage Over Soviets By OKORftE North Ampricnn Alliance NEW YORK — Russia has .iivrn rier people down a tobog- «.nri slide of po/erty. The United States has made hers increasingly rich in goods and leisure. This is the verdict for the consumer on the challenge of Com- niunsim to Democracy, as reported by U.S.. and United Nations sources. • Russians for a quarter-century have worked more and more for less and less, Americans have worked less, and received swiftly rising returns. The Soviet Union is now carrying out a plan to produce more consumer goods. More clothes, more food, more luxuries, the world has been told, air appearing in scores of newly built Russian stores. Actually, the Russian worker cannot look forward to a golden future. Behind the vaunted consumer-goods campaign is this central fact: the Russ-pn people for decades have steadily lost ground. They can only hope their government will elevate their lives to the standards, however prior, of the past. The year 3928 appears to mark the high poim in Soviet earnings as measured hy goods received for work performed. The average Russian worked 26 hours for the money to buy a week's supply of seven basic foods — bread, potatoes, beef, butter, sugar, milk and eggs. Then that year the first five-year plan with collectivization of farms and emphasis or heavy industry was launched. Lost, Ground From that point, Ihe Soviet worker began to lose ground. Today, a study of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports shows, the Russian must work 38 hours for the same foods. In contrast, the American labored about 12 hours in 3928 for the seven foods. Now he must "pay" with only seven hours of work. U.S. studies presented to the UN expanded this study of consumer contrasts, Democracy vs. Communisn, ir the last quarter- century. The evidence indicates, an American delegation spokesman said, that in the mid-1930's the average Russian consumed goods at a rate not much above the level of 1913—the last year of peace in Czarist Russia. Yet Russia, likp the U.S., has increased production, and thus wealth, in this time. Wliere has the wealth gone? While the distribution of income has substantially broadened in the U.S., there has been a growing disparity of wealth among classes in Russia, according to American studies. At the top of the income structure arc leaders of the Communist party, the managers of large enterprises and leading intellectuals. On the next level are lesser dignitaries. At the bottom of the ladder of wealth are the workers. Official Soviet reports list 13 per cent as a maximum for income tax. There appears to be no inheritance tax. In the terms of Sen. Alexander Wiley, MR., Wis.) a U. S. delegate, to the UN, Russia looks like an ideal place for millionaires. Since the end of World War II the U.S. Information Agency reports, the Soviet economy has experienced several so-called price reductions. But — and this is the key fact — they came only after the decree of Sept. Ifi, 1946, which raised the price of rationed foods by about 180 per cent. Basic Foods Expensive A weekly supply of seven basic foods consumed by the average Russian working family of four persons was used by the Labor Statistics Bureau to measure purchasing power. When this shopping bag was translated into American terms, it carried approximately 22 p o u n d s of bread, 27 pounds of potatoes, eight pounds of beef, one pound of butter, four pounds of sugar, five quarts of milk and six eggs. In 1928 it took the American and Russian worker exactly the same amount of time to earn' the six eggs. By 1953, BLS shows it took the Russian worker seven and one-half times as long as the American worker to earn the same number of eggs. Milk, another item from the shopping bag, took 1.08 hours labor for a little over five quarts of milk in Russia in 1928. By 1953 the same amount required 3.71 hours work. In the United States a worker could buy the milk with 1.32 hours work in 1928 and now gets it at the price of .67 hours labor. The 22 pounds of bread cost the Russian 2.71 hours of work Personal To Women With Nagging Backache I Jentnrr, _ totww- wygood it to * «vr *^** *• **** *w*»**»» *** .wy „,..a. When »ome everyday condition, such M strew »nd »tr»ia, C«UM* tM» important - ' too to alow down.BWJWiWk»»««*rBM- function to &low down,mmyfoik«»ua«rB»»- ^«^^^S^K« ^tt^y^tt^*"***^ Twu n.,-i»», m 1928, 4.52 hours iti 1953; in the U.S . thr equivalent work- time dropped from 3 51 to 2.01 nour«. Potatoe-? that cos! thr Ame/iran worker 1 L'S hour? in 1928, now cost .90 hours. The Russian rost per hour also declined, but only from 3.56 hours to 3.10 hours. Beef Kxpvtvriv* The eight pounds or ber-f bought in Russia in 192S required 11.04 hours of work as romparr-d with 15.77 hmjrs today The r.S. worker bought i! with -I 02 hours 26 years aco, only 2.35 hours now. The «-fek's /I'pply of htitter in Russia cost 3.H9 hours work in ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH i-'nrativeiy 5 per 1328. nm* it takes tour hoars. BLS points our that although In America, the sam< amount j the Russian worker works Jong«as .98 hours in 191'8; now on-j ^ *w his food, his rent is com- lv .43 hours. The Russian worker labored 397 hours for a weeks supply ot sugar in 19-J8; today he works 5.57 hours. Tho same amount of sugar cost the American .43 hours in 1928 and onlv .24 hours low — sbo>rt '' ard for at least three families to share a three-and-a-half room apartment, with kitchen and bath facilities shared hv all. H^^^ IroTlft Kighfren French (slaughterhouse worker* have Nffcn rharg» SUMMER in 1553. Because ot these rises, the av- ' erage Russiat, worker's purchas- ; ine power has been eut 45 per 1 rent from 1928 to the present i ? v>l *"'^i w " rf «l«»«<"», bwo- In thr, f O . ~,1 -4 '<• ' ' ln *.°* t * n<l "' I * WOBh Olt«I«Offr«t ; in the i .S.. under capitalism, j «i«i remove miim»w—^t thtwe j the purchasing power has risen i thin ' "* >th ' n »- «»hionin» a»ri«. CALLOUSES! 43 per period. cent during the same D r Scholls lino *d tn Paris with stealing $57.000 tvorth of fat from horses they had slaughtered. The men, po- tiefr claim. soM it to various soap factories they races. and used the money to bet on horse ¥ attfiifi CoH or Write forj Deroilj HOUftAY SERVICE 11 ILDA "dROEfclK C'otn|>tp<«> Travel 1 Ken let 1880 felisnn Air. 1 wish to express my appreciation and thanks to all who helped me in the primary election Tuesday. ANTHONY W. DALY If yon are hi debt, and behind tft ftrat pftymwnte, 1st BDWWBT PLAN arrant* t« ftet yon Out of debt ttftft payments yon win afford, reftafrttem «f Ihw maeft y«a owe. No tecnrtty ot endormn retfrtftrt—on* phrc» t« pay. THE BUDGET PLAN SOI W. SRI) 81., 2ND C»pyrlthl IM* - Or ft - 4-9m~ALToN, ft& tABll, HU. on ROfWKKANDCQ Hegulcrr 29.95 to 39.95 X>ATS and TOPPERS in all-wool fabrics from leading mills your . bother you. Try Du*i>'t Pi)l*-» mild diuretic. Ut*4 »ucc**»fuUy by mlUioni for over 60 year*. n'«»iu»»IJ)«huww»oytime» p<*o> » ve h»ppy r«U«( from UMM dUwm* • pin checks • clear boucles • blends of wool suede and cashmere • blends of wool and Orion* Your pick of fashion-right coats in the newest, most popular silhouettes for Spring! All executed in fine woolens from the county's leading mills . . . curl boucles, zibelines, clear boucles, blends of wool and rabbit hair. Sizes for misses and women who wear half-sizes. white for easier.. • irresistibly feminine 2 98 to 5 98 White hats.-.-. small, tilted forward" 1 provocatively... that's the pitch for Spring I White... the go,with.«v«rythinfl thade... in o delightful group of tiny shapes -flaMppi, plmeoUi, loilort, ihelli and profiles-in textured strawi, and strawcloths, adorned with tiny clusters of field flowers or a tingle rose or quill. Delicate, filmy veili.; NEW SPRING COLORS IN PLASTIC AND LEATHER handbags Choose from o raft of new-for-Spring styles . . . boxes, pouches, vanities, shoulder bags, feed bags . . . all made with a fine eye for derail. Popular Spring shades. 1 99 to 5 99 for your»«|f Hi* odvontoo** of ••ore fur storage •t's a "fashion finish" when yojj wear our exciHng new I Kerrybrooke ! These ore the fqmovi new Kerrybrookes designed to give more thor» highest fashion end.dtlightful flattery,,. fe y » jnelwde •nony hidden comfort and longwwing qualities, likt thoit found in c0 r,) y ¥ffy flpfni j vt Come try them..«ccmt »tt them, you'll want them f or evejry costumt* for on fabulous all-wool fabrics/ wool*and-cashmtr* blends full-cut ityUi in •xclting •xptntiv* glorious array Wjp^^^^'JJJjg dlTWI-rllWIE 14511 STOHiHQURS, MON. & FRI., 9 to 9. OTHER DAYS 9 to 5.