Midwest States ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THUHS., DEC. 30,1971 Page 7 Blame Welfare for Pocketbook Pain Non-Jews welcome in most synagogs By Abigail Van Buren [IS 1V71 by Chlcitt Trlbane-N. Y. NIWI Synd., Inc.] DEAR ABBY: Can you tell me why non-Jews are not allowed to visit Jewish synagogs? Don't tell me this is not true because I was personally turned away. A GENTILE DEAR GENTILE: According to Rabbi Bernard S. Ras- kas, Temple of Aaron, St. Paul, Minn., never is anyone asked upon entering a »ynagog whether he is Jewish. During the High Holy Days, [three days a year] all synagogs are crowded with congregation members and there are no extra seats available. In this kind of situation, as in an overcrowded theater, concert hall, etc., where there is simply no room, understanding and cooperation is expected. Outside of these rare instances, all branches of Judaism cordially welcome non-Jewish visitors. DEAR ABBY: My son is 15 and he thinks he is in love. The person he is in love with is two years younger than I am, and I am 34. Would you put a stop to this romance, or would you let it go on? My son said if I tried to put a stop to it, I might just as well forget him as a son. I could press charges against the woman, but she has had her share of problems, and I don't want to put her thru any more. She left a very good husband for my son, and altho I think she must be crazy to want a 15 -year-old kid, she does treat him awfully good. If you have any advice for me, please hurry it. NERVOUS IN LITTLE ROCK DEAR NERVOUS: Unless you want to press charges against the woman, there is nothing you can do. DEAR ABBY: A letter in your column signed "BUGGED," about the guests not eating, but taking the refreshments home, prompts this letter. Is it considered proper to take refreshments home? I'm sick of preparing [and buying] goodies for guests who ask if they can take some home to their husbands and children. It happens at parties and showers. It even happened at my wedding. [Even tho we ordered the cake for 75 to 100 extra people, there wasn't even a piece left for me to taste!] How can this piggish practice of taking refreshments home from parties be brought to an end? ALSO BUGGED DEAR ALSO: It probably can't. Some hostesses insist that their guests take home the leftover goodies. Not all are motivated by generosity, they just don't want the tempting stuff around. DEAR ABBY: I am a "domestic'^and work for a family. Will you please tell me if you think <k's right or proper for the lady you work for to introduce her friends to you as "Mrs. John Smith," and then say to them, "And this is 'our Marybelle , ," . . . just like I didn't have a last name? I think it's time we had a little respect. VERY MAD DEAR VERY: I doubt if your employer meant any disrespect, only affection, which outranks respect any day in my book. But if you object, ask your employer to please call you "Mrs. ." CONFIDENTIAL TO F. D. J.: Beware of statistics! They can make a case for almost any point one wants to prove—depending upon a variety of factors. For instance: Statistics showed that Switzerland ranked Number One in the highest increase of unemployed over the last year. Those statistics would indicate that the glorious little country which so many regard as the ideal place to live has suffered a tremendous economic blow. The FACT IS: In 1970 there were 34 jobless men in Switzerland, and in 1971 the unemployment figure rose to a grand total of 51! Ha! TV Tonight . . . From Peach Bowl to Mt. Everest Thursday Fare* By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Soaring taxes, at a time when many taxpayers are feeling acute pains of the pocketbook over the economic slowdown, have in many states been identified with a ballooning welfare caseload. Grumblings are. heard in legislative halls about the rising costs of welfare programs. These grumblings in large measure are believed to reflect a growing sentiment among taxpayers that welfare pro- Presented by COMMUNITY TV SIGNAL CO. THURSDAY BEARCATS — Adventure — Final derring-do assignment for our trouble - shooters: rescuing a judge kidnaped by a sadistic outlaw. Their unlikely assitant: a convict who was sentenced by the judge. 7 p.m. CBS. PEACH BOWL — Special: The fourth annual Peach Bowl pits Mississippi's Rebels (9-2) against Georgia Tech's Yellow Jackets (6-5). 7 p.m. Independent Cable Channel 7. CBS NEWS SPECIAL - Special: "Correspondents' Report, Part 2," a year-end review of foreign news and its impact at home. Expected topics: the India - Pakistan war; the elections and troop withdrawals in south Vietnam; the POW issue; Arab- Israeli tensions; and the admission of the People's Republic of China to the UN. Eric Sev- areid is the moderator. Correspondents: Charles Collingwood Winston Burdett, Peter Kalischer, Marvin KalbandRichardC. Hottelet. 8 p.m. CBS. ADVENTURE : TO THE TOP OF EVEREST - Special: Climb five and one-half miles to the highest point on earth. . . Mount Everest, rising 29,002 feet in the Himalayas between Tibet and Nepal. In the spring of 1970, 39 Japanese climbers sought to become the fifth expedition to complete the assault . . . navigating the treacherous Khumbu icefall, a frozen cataract that Edmund Hillary called "totteringchoas"; a slope collapses, killing six grams are being drained by people who could and should be working and paying their own way. Despite statistics which show only a small percentage of those on welfare are capable of working and earning a living wage, feelings are strong in some areas that "something must be done" to bring welfare programs within sensible bounds. "The crushing costs of welfare are becoming unmanageable and all states are facing this problem," said Nebraska Gov. J.J. Exon. "If there is no* more money available from Washington next year, further cuts will be necessary. We need some help." Politicians talk of a federal takeover of welfare, or greately increased federal contribution toward footing the bill. Until that day, however, the states must count welfare as one of the three or four most expensive programs they finance. A survey of Missouri, Iowa, Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma shows those five states spend about $870 million an- Peace is Academic NORTH MANCHESTER, Lid. (AP) - The idea of studying peace—just like you'd study mathematics or history— is spreading across American campuses and a Consortium of Peace Research, Education and Development has been formed at Manchester College here to coordinate the programs. It was at Manchester, in 1948, that the first peace studies curriculum was developed and Dr. Allen C. Deeter, current director of peace studies at the school, is executive secretary Says Mercury Not New in Food Fish PHILADELPHIA (AP) For at least tens of centuries fish have been concentrating mercury in their tissues, a sci- . entist reported today. "These findings reinforce warnings that continual discharge by man of even small amounts of annitional mercury can have locally serious effects upon animals and human life," said Edwin Wilmsen, curator of the University of Michigan's Museum of Anthropology. Wilmsen added that in order to evaluate adequately the significance of mercury and other elements in the environment today, scientists must know something about these levels in the past. "Archaeological materials Terril members of the near-by ski-party; and the final leg to the top via the South Wall - 6,000 feet straight up. Charles Kuralt narrates. 9 P.m. CBS. FRIDAY ASTRO - BLUEBONNET BOWL — Special: The Astro- Bluebonnet Bowl shapes up as a highscoring battle between Colorado's Buffaloes and the Houston Cougars. Ray Scott and John Sauer report from Houston. (Live) 7 p.m. Independent Channel 7. CINDERELLA - Musical Special: Top of 1971 with Rodgers and Hammerstein's delightful fantasy. 7 p.m. CBS. ORANGE BOWL PARADE Special: You'll have all the football you can handle tomorrow. Tonight, enjoy "The Wonderful World of Music" in the Orange Bowl Parade from Miami. There are 31 marching bands and 42 floats. The beauties on hand include Orange Bowl queen Coni Ensor and her, court. 7 p.m. NBC. MOVIE — Comedy — Jerry Lewis alternates between sentiment and wild slapstick in "The Geisha Boy." 8:30 p.m. CBS. . NEW YEAR'S EVE WITH GUY LOMBARDO — Special: Beat the crush inTimeSquare with the traditional bash at New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Performers include Bobby Rydell, Shani Wallis and the popular pop-singing Bells. 10:30 p.m. CBS. MOVIE - Western - "Seven Men from Now." (1956) When his wife is killed in a Wells Fargo holdup, an ex-sheriff sets out to get the sevenguilty parties. 10:30 p.m. Independent Cable Channel 7. Randy Glovers Of Colorado Visit Parents Mr. and Mrs. Randy Glover of Greeley, Colo., came Dec. 17 and visited through the Christmas holiday with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Glover and Mr. and Mrs. Carl Danielson at Estherville. Randy has enlisted in the Navy and his parents took him to Sioux Falls Tuesday afternoon where he flew to Denver and on to San Diego, Calif. Marcia Glover will accompany Mrs. Randy Glover to Greeley next Sunday and will remain to spend a few days before returning to school at Mankato after the Christmas break. Mr. and Mrs. Curtis Koehlmoos of Bellevue, Neb., arrived Dec. 23 and visited in the Glover home until Saturday night, then went to Paullina to spend time willi his parents. Mrs. Jessie Glover spent Christmas Eve and Saturday in the Wayne Glover home. Pan Shain of Mankato was a weekend guest of Marcia Glover. Mrs. Theresa Pedersen hosted a dinner in her home Christmas Day with her family as guests. Those present were Dr. and Mrs. Les Moore, Mary and Linda, Mr. and Mrs. Miles Netsch, Roger and Kenny, Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Pedersen, Doug, Jean and Peggy, Mr. and Mrs. Lee Blum and Annabel of Estherville, Dick Netsch, Dawn and David of Spirit Lake and evening guests were Mr. and Mrs. Bill Pedersen, Mike and Chuckie of Ruthven and Mr. and Mrs. Rex Gump of Mexico, Mo. Sunday, Mrs. Theresa Pedersen and Dr. and Mrs. L. J. Moore and girls attended services at the United Methodist Church in Estherville where Annabel Blum sang a solo, "O Holy Night." They were coffee guests in the Lee Blum home following the service. Mr. and Mrs. Bill Cruse, Mrs. Anna Croat, Mr. and Mrs. George Froendt of Arnolds Park and Mrs. Laura Shorey of Spirit Lake were Saturday dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Shorey. Mr. and Mrs. Roy Lewis, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Olson and Mrs. Gaylord Olson were Christmas Day dinner guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Larry Olson and family at Royal. Mrs. Mabel Pickering was among guests at a holiday dinner in the Harley Ficken home. Mr. and Mrs. Cleo Hopkins and Mr. and Mrs. Leroy McBain and boys of Lenexa, Kan., were holiday weekend guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Gene Holbein at Omaha. Mr. and Mrs. John Dallman Sr. and Mr. and Mrs. David Edmunds were Christmas Eve guests of Mr. and Mrs. Laurence Mortensen and family. are the ideal sources of data for gaining such knowledge," Wilmsen said in a paper prepared for the 138th annual meeting of the American Asso 1 ciation for the Advancement of Science. Wilmsen said the museum analyzed 17 samples of fish remains from three archaeological sites—the Saginaw Valley, near Saginaw, Mich., which is dated between 100 B.C. and 400 A.D.; a site near the confluence of the Illinois River with Apple Creek, of the same era; and the pre-Inca Chilca site on the southern coast of Peru, which dates to about 1200 A.D. Twelve of the 17 samples contained mercury, Wilmsen said. Even adjusting for wide error, he added, would not alter the fact that "these specimens contain relatively large amounts of mercury." From these findings, Wilmsen inferred that mercury concentrations In fish frdm^pollution—" free waters have been as high at various times in the past as they are now, emphasizing the importance of any additional mercury added by man. "Such an interpretation is compatible," he said, "with conclusions that, in general, natural environmental mercury distributions have not changed radically through time." of the 55-member consortium. Deeter said that among the colleges now offering peace studies programs are Notre Dame University, Haverford College, St. Louis University, the University of Pennsylvania, Manhattan College and Wayne University. The subjects of the classes at Manchester, a Church of the Brethren school, vary. One class, conducted by Deeter in a lounge, discussed the late Indian leader, Mohandas K. Gandhi. The class also discussed the modern world and the question was raised whether students today were arrogant in believing they could transform society and whether Americans would accept such a philosophy today. "Apparently peace studies does not have an appeal to extreme radicals and particularly the black radical students on campus," Deeter said. He noted there had been conflict and criticism by radicals of peace studies at other campuses, mainly because of nonviolent emphasis. How do peace studies prepare a student for a profession or career? Deeter said the main purpose of the program is educating persons who have not the "requisite knowledge but the insight and characteristics of peacemakers." Manchester students who have majored in the subject or have taken a large block of the program include social workers with juveniles, a houseparent for gifted children with emotional problems, a civilian community development volunteer in Vietnam and many members of the Peace Corps and teachers. Basic courses at Manchester are International Relations, the Analysis of War and Peace, Philosophy of Civilization, Religions and War and Peace Issues. Terril Christmas at Terril Mr. and Mrs. Art Schmeling and Mr. and Mrs. Virgil Schmeling and family were among Christmas Day dinner guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Schmeling and family near Lake Park. Other guests included Mrs. Norma Schmeling and family of Estherville, Mr. and Mrs. Maynard Holtz and family and Mr. and Mrs. Lee Shatto and family, all of Spencer. Holiday dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs, Harry Probst and Lennie will be Mr. and Mrs. Jerry Probst, Denise and Dennis of Rosemont, Minn., and Mr. and Mrs. Jim Stevens and Lisa of Spirit Lake. The Jerry Probst family will be weekend guests. Mr. and Mrs. Gene Powell, Mike, Jerry and Kip were Christmas Eve guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Guy Powell and Donna. They spent Christmas Day with Mrs. Margaret Mohr and with Lynn Mohr and boys. Dinner guests Christmas night in the Emmett Bridson home were Mr. and Mrs. Erwin Bridson and Pam, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Langner and Mr. and Mrs. Weldon Lewis, Jim and Chuck. Mr. and Mrs. EverettZitterich hosted a gathering in their home Christmas Eve following church service at the Lutheran church. Guests were Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Zitterich and family, Mr. and Mrs. Bill Zitterich, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Feldman and family, Maleta Zitterich, Steve Zitterich of Spencer and Sgt. and Mrs. Arnold Nissen and family of Topeka, Kan. Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Owen of McGregor spent the Christmas weekend with their daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Chuck Wingert and family. Mr. and Mrs. Weldon Blass, Mr. and Mrs. Dean Peterson and boys of Hartley, Sally Blass of Minneapolis, Jim Blass of Spencer and Nancy Blass of Denver, Colo., were Christmas dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. Tom Roskens at Spencer. Mr. and Mrs. Bob Strube and Max hosted a holiday dinner in their home. Guests were Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Smith, Mrs. Hazel Blum and her houseguest, nually on welfare, including some $315 million in state general revenue funds. Welfare accounts for 12 to 18 per cent of the total annual budgets in the five states. The caseload in the five states totals some 650,000. There is a growing feeling in states such as Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska that the welfare situation has "gotten out of hand," that the state is spending too much of its resources on those who the general public feels may not be all that needy. In Kansas, Lt. Gov. Reynolds Shutlz, a Republican considered a likely candidate for governor in 1972, has said publicly he believes mere are large numbers of people on the welfare rolls who shouldn't be there. The 1971 Kansas Legislature cut welfare appropriations nearly 10 per cent, forcing reductions in payments averaging 20 per cent. A welfare coalition organization has been formed to fight for restoration, and lawsuits are challenging the state's right to cut payments in federally supported programs. Cutbacks also were instituted in Nebraska, where the welfare program came under attack last legislative session. A case challenging the state's method of cutting' Aid to Dependent Children payments is before the federal court. There are legislators in Missouri who believe applicants in the big cities apply for welfare without qualifying, and receive assistance for a couple of months until investigations prove they are unqualified. Legislators resent federal requirements that all who apply be given aid until their sutal- tions are investigated. Iowa and Oklahoma appear to be experiencing less volatile public sentiment on the welfare issue, although officials in both states are looking to the federal government for some kind of help. Dale Buhl of the Iowa Department of Social Services be lieves legislative support of that state's welfare program remains strong, but admits more money is going to be needed if the rolls continue to grow. "The general public is not critical of welfare.. .but there is a segment that does have misconceptions about welfare and have their own ideas on how welfare programs should be run," Buhl said. Oklahoma, which earmarks the bulk of its 2 per cent sales tax for welfare, has resisted efforts to trim welfare expenditures, and Gov. David Hall is believed committed to maintaining the status quo. Here is a capsule look at the welfare situation in each state as the 1972 legislative sessions approach: Missouri— State is spending about $250 million in the current fiscal year on welfare, and the department is seeking some $290 million for fiscal 1973, with biggest increases being asked for ADC and Medicaid. Gov. Warren E. Hearnes has said a federal welfare takeover would help the states much more than the various proposals for federal revenue sharing. Welfare Director Proctor N. Carter has told legislative committees he hopes the federal government will take over the entire program, or at least major parts of it, within the next year. Indications are welfare ap- propropriations will be delayed as long as possible to see what Congress will do. Kansas— State is spending bout $190 million this year in all funds and the department is believed to be seeking about $220 million for fiscal '73. State Budget Director James Bibb has recommended cutting state general revenue fund expenditure from the $50 million tills year to $48 million on an anticipated lower caseload. There is sentiment among some legislators to restore welfare cuts made last session, including a supplemental appro priation to end payment cuts imposed by Welfare Director Robert C. Harder. Gov. Robert Docking is expected to recommend some restoration, but not that sought by welfare advocates. Nebraska— Current welfare budget is $93.8 million, with department seeking a fiscal '73 budget of $105.2 million, including a $3.5 million increase in the state's contribution. Cuts in ADC payments initiated last Aug. 1 were necessitated by projected money problems, however, and criticisms of welfare program in last session may continue. What form the new attacks will take is uncertain, and the outcome of a challenge of the ADC cuts in court may determine what happens. A ruling by a three-judge federal panel is pending. Iowa— The department received an appropriation of $91 million for the present fiscal year. No estimate is available on what will be sought for fiscal '73, but with the caseload rising and the department talking of needing more money, an increase is almost certain to be sought. Iowa is expanding its welfare programs, apparently with legislative endorsement. "The legislature has helped us as much as possible," said Dale Buhl of the department. "They know our problems, and we know their general limitations. They are concerned with the citizens of Iowa." Oklahoma — The state spent $129 million on welfare the last fiscal year, most of it from the state sales tax. No figure was available on what is likely to be asked for fiscal '73. Most Oklahoma officials are described as "very partial" to welfare, and Gov. David Hall and legislative leaders are not expected to make any attempt to reduce welfare expenditures. Hall has advocated federal financing of welfare as an alternative to revenue-sharing proposals. Mrs. Sadie Lind from Florida; Mr. and Mrs. Willie Hoppe and Ann, Roxie Strube of Iowa City and Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Lenz and family of Sioux City. Sunday evening guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Joe Feldman were Mr. and Mrs. Al Plautz of Pocahontas, Denny Plautz of Sioux Falls, Mr. and Mrs. Will Zitterich of Lake Preston, Mr. and Mrs. Everett Zit terich, Joel and LaVelle, Zoe Zitterich of Vermillion, Steve Zitterich of Spencer, Mr. and Mrs. Bill Zitterich, Malete Zit terich, and Sgt. and Mrs. Arnold Nissen and family of Topeka, Kan. A family gift exchange was held. Mr. and Mrs. Weldon Lewis and Chuck went to Ames Sunday where they had dinner with Jim Lewis, Cathy Pororny and Mr. and Mrs. Wayne Chelf. Chuck returned to Keswick with the Chelfs to spend a few days and returned home with his brother, Jim, for Christmas. Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Blum hosted a pre-Christmas family gathering at the Legion Hall Sunday evening, Dec. 19. Guests included Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Everett Stammer, Mrs. Francis Smith and Mrs. Bill Dunn, Eric and Beth, all of Spirit Lake, Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Sash of Traer, Mr. and Mrs. Bud Decker of Linn Grove, Mr. and Mrs. Paul Younie and Mark of Cherokee and Mr. and Mrs. Paul Currans, Colleen, Pat, Carol, Brenda and Myra Rose of Spencer. Mr. and Mrs. August Bendixen returned home Monday after spending the weekend with their daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Dallas Spiller and boys, at McHenry, HI. The Bendixens hosted a family Christmas dinner in their home Sunday. They were Christmas Day guests in the home of Mr. and Mrs. Clayton Wilcox. Mr. and Mrs. Larry McVicker and Mary Ann were dinner guests Sunday at the home of his sister, Mrs. Irene Wardrip, atOdeboldt. Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Baeshke and family of Milford were Christmas dinner guests of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Clyde Spencer. 20 Years Ago Twenty years ago, MINER MOTORS of Estherville sold a JEEP vehicle to FAIRMONT RAILWAY MOTORS to use in the production of a HY-RAIL. Today MINER MOTORS delivered seven JEEP vehicles to FAIRMONT RAILWAY MOTORS for use in the production seven new HY-RAILS to be used throughout the North American Continent. MINER MOTORS of Estherville is the largest JEEP dealer in Northwest Iowa and Southern Minnesota. MINER MOTORS has been providing JEEP sales and service in this area for over twenty-five years. MINER MOTORS carries the most complete stock of JEEP parts around, and they have mechanics who know what they're doing.That says a lot and that means service and thats why FAIRMONT RAILWAY MOTORS depends on MINER MOTORS for their JEEP vehicles. 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