Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa on December 30, 1971 · Page 3
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Estherville Daily News from Estherville, Iowa · Page 3

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Estherville, Iowa
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Thursday, December 30, 1971
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USDA Plans Farm Rec Program WASHINGTON (AP) - The Agriculture Department intends to use a newly announced farm recreation program as a fact­ finding device next year to explore the possibilities of opening up more rural land to city dwellers. The program, announced last Sunday by Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz ( will involve some 5,000 farms in 50 counties of 10 states. The states are Colorado, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania and South Carolina. Officials said Wednesday the 50 counties are expected to be designated in "three or four weeks" after consultations with state Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service committees and wildlife officials. Costs of the program, emphasized as experimental, will be about $1.5 million next year, or an average of $300 per farm. Recreational activities to be considered are hunting, fishing, hiking and fur trapping. In response to questions, the ASCS said "several kinds of farmer-government agreements will be tested. We don't know at this time which counties in which states will be selected for which type of testing program." Although the agency did not have firm commitments, some possibilities were offered: — "A county may announce agreements on a bid basis. Farmers themselves will determine what they think their land is worth for recreational purposes. This could vary a great deal from the land's worth for cropping purposes. — "A county may make a flat offer for land which producers may accept or reject, or not even consider at all. — "A county may be selected to test agreements based on whole farm participation." Further, the ASCS said, a county could be selected for testing offers to make parts of Government Spying on Compliance WASHINGTON (AP) - Government watchdogs are sniffing closely to see whether farmers are complying with federal rules built into Agriculture Department crop programs for feed grain, cotton and wheat. Besides samplings by the Agriculture Stabilization and Conservation Service, the agency which handles the programs, further checks are being made by the Office of Inspector General in USDA and by the Gen­ eral Accounting Office, an in­ vestigatory arm of Congress. The ASCS announced a month ago a farm-by-farm check of program compliance in three counties to see if farmers were idling average quality land in return for government price support and "set-aside" payments. Those counties were: Kern County, Calif.; Twiggs County, Ga.; and Woodbury County, Iowa. In addition, the GAO is conducting a cross-section check of farms nationally to see how the $55,000 payment lid worked in 1971, the first year of operation, and to what extent super-size farms may have been split up into smaller units to evade the law. That report is not expected to be completed before next April 1. One of the main focuses is on Kern County, Calif., which has some of the nation's wealthiest farms. It also is home base for Kenneth E. Frick, administrator of ASCS, the agency which handles the subsidy programs. Frick's holdings, now held in trust and operated by his brother, are included in the Kern County investigations. Charles M. Cox, an assistant deputy administrator in ASCS, told newsmen Wednesday investigators turned up 486 farmers in Kern County where alleged set-aside land violations have occurred. There are 1,190 farms in the county, he said. The Frick holdings were Butz Becomes Political Ploy ^.^SSHSES J the basis of land taken from production not being of corn- farming," Muskie told the NFO parable quality to land used to in Kansas City. grow crops, in this case cotton. Butz, who had read a copy of WASHINGTON (AP) - Agriculture Secretary Earl L. Butz has burst onto the 1972 political scene as the key downfield blocker in President Nixon's race through the farm belt. Charges that the administration is against small farmers and for huge, corporate interests will be challenged with a bang, not a whimper. Butz, 62, says he's a fighter and likes to punch. Moreover, Butz said in an interview, he will stump the farm belt on behalf of Republican candidates "on our team" in 1972. Butz said he expects 1972 to be a lively scrap for the hearts and votes of rural America. An example of the fray ahead was signalled recently by Sen. Edmund Muskie, D-Main, who told a National Farmers Organization audience Nixon "has turned his back" on farmers. "Earl Butz stands for factory buying, which drives merchants out of business, small towns out of existence and families out of When it is proved a farmer has set aside lower-quality land, the USDA can reduce his payments proportionately. No final disposition has been made in Kern County, and investigators from the Office of the Inspector General in USDA are looking into the situation further. Settlements have been made in the other two counties, however. In Woodbury County, Iowa, some 800 farms were checked with the result of 12 having payments reduced for not meeting the set-aside requirements, and one had its payments canceled. After checking 189 farms in Twiggs County, Ga., 13 farmers had payments cut because of not meeting the set-aside rule. USDA Says Concern over Nitrates Not Justified WASHINGTON (AP) - A new report published by the Agriculture Department says public concern over nitrates in the nation's food supply and the chemical's effect on the environment is not justified. Nitrates are compounds which occur in nature, including manure from wildlife, domesticated livestock, humans themselves and in commercial fertilizers put on land to boost crop production. They also can filter into ground supplies of water. Environmentalists in recent years have expressed alarm over rising use of chemical fertilizers and accumulations of manure in large feedlot operations. "Our evaluation of the available information on nitrate in soil water foods and feeds is that the potential for nitrate accumulation does not pose a threat of an environmental crisis," the report said. It was published by the Agricultural Research Service and written by Frank G. Viets Jr., an ARS soil scientist; and Richard H. Hageman, professor of agronomy, University of Illinois. The report said there is no indication of "widespread upward trends" of nitrate in food, livestock feed and water. "Contrary to opinions expressed by environmental alarmists and lay opinion, the enhanced use of inorganic nitrogenous manmade fertilizers has not led to increases in nitrate of foods and feeds," the scientists said. Moreover, the report said, much of the natural nitrogen or "N" in crop land has been used up or severely depleted, thus forcing farmers to replace it artificially. "The 'balance of nature' can be better restored by using higher rates of *N' fertilizer than by using less," the report said. However, the scientists said "every facet" of the nitrate problem needs further investigation. Curb Abuses On Payments WASHINGTON (AP) - New Rules designed to curb abuses of the $55,000 limit on federal payments to farmers will become effective Jan. 1, the Agriculture Department says. The new rules require all members of a farm partnership receiving crop subsidies to be "actively engaged" in farming. The rules also tighten ownership requirements for member of a corporate farm venture getting federal payments. The new regulations come In the wake of congressional charges that big farmers frequently carve up holdings through partnerships and corporate arrangements to avoid the $55,000 per crop limit to single farmers and corporations. The limit was adopted by Congress in 1970 in the latest of two decades of crop-control efforts by the federal government. The government, in effect, pays farmers to grow less than they normally would, or in some cases to grow nothing in order to avoid a glutted market and subsequent low crop prices. Investigations into the alleged abuses of the subsidy program currently are being conducted by bom the Agriculture Department and the General Accounting Office. the Muskie speech, said such claims were "totally wrong" and that farmers would be the judges of Nixon policies. Butz says the opening gun of the 1972 political campaign in the farm belt was sounded during the stormy Senate debate over his nomination as successor to Clifford M. Hardin, Nixon's first secretary of agriculture. During the debate, which ended with Butz being narrowly approved by the Senate on Dec. 2, the former Purdue University economist was chastised for past connections with agricultural business firms. Butz said that while at Purdue he worked with farmers of every size and stripe: large and small, poor and well-to-do. "And I also worked with those concerns that supply farmers with products they use in production and that process and merchandise their products," Butz added. There is concern about low corn prices following the record 1971 crop, Butz admitted. But prices of most livestock are on the upswing, dairymen are in good shape and there are "many bright spots" in agriculture. See 'Rosier' 1972 For U. S. Farmers farms available or in combination with entire farms opened for recreation. "At this time we don't know the ground rules or how rates of payment to farmers will be worked out," the ASCS said. "In every case, basic to the agreement, will be participation in a set-aside program." Would a farmer who already Is leasing part of his land to a private gun club, for example, be eligible for payments in the experimental program as long as he signs up in the 1972 set- aside program? "If the county is approved for part-farm agreements, the farmer will have the right to designate which acreages are in the agreement," the ASCS said. However, officials said, on a realistic basis some "major administrative problems" could develop if the private gun club acreage is next to public access land. In such cases, the agency said, farmers probably would be reluctant to participate and county ASCS committees probably would hesitate in accepting it under such conditions. Ck Tke/ FOWJ ESTHERVILLE DAILY NEWS, THURS., DEC. 30,1971 Page 3 More Farmers Find Work in Factories DES MOINES— An increasing number of Iowa farmers are going to work in factories, or elsewhere, to supplement their farm incomes. Latest figures, which are for 1969, show that 23 per cent of the Iowa farmers had nonfarm jobs, to Emmet County 19 per cent of the farmers work off the farm 100 or more days. Nationally two out of three farmers receive over half their annual income from off-farm sources. to its monthly review, Business Conditions, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, said the importance of off-farm employment is underlined by the fact mat in 1970, for the first time on record, farm earnings of U. S. farmers amounted to less than their off-farm earnings; $15.9 billion from farming, $17 billion from non-farm sources. The strong rise in off-farm employment during the 1960s is traceable in large part to the rapid growth of the nation's non- farm economy which provided an abundance of good paying jobs. But even more important, says the bank, are mechanization and the technological breakthroughs that cut deeply into the time it takes to operate a farm efficiently. The rapid increase in off-farm employment of farm operators In the states of the seventh district is indicated by data collected in the 1969 census of agriculture and only recently pub­ lished. Farm operators in district states (Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan and Iowa) working 100 days or more off the farm rose from just over 25 per cent of all farmers to nearly 38 per cent between 1959 and 1969. to the highly industrialized state of Michigan, the proportion of farmers working off the farm rose from 42 to 52 per cent. In Iowa, the porportion of farmers working off farms over 100 days rose most rapidly — Increasing from 14 per cent In 1959 to 23 per cent in 1969. Farm women, like their urban counterparts, became more active in the labor force. About 38 per cent of all farm women were either working or seeking work in 1970, compared to 30 per cent in I960. By contrast, the proportion of farm men in the labor force dropped from 85 per cent to 80 per cent between 1960 and 1970. The decline in male participation, in part, reflects the rising proportion of farm men reaching retirement age during this period. Chinese Produce Fewer Soybeans WASHINGTON (AP) - China watchers in the Agriculture Department say soybean production by Red Chinese farmers appear to be running less than one-fourth of U.S. output. (Farm Number 31) WASHINGTON (AP) - The Agriculture Department Is holding to earlier predictions 1971 net farm income will be "close" to last year and that farmers can expect a rosier 1972. The appraisal was included Monday in a report by the Economic Research Service on the "demand and price situation" for agricultural products. During the third quarter, the report said, net farm income was at an annual rate of $16.3 billion, compared with $14.8 billion during April-June and $14.6 billion last January-March. "But because of smaller returns earlier this year," the ERS said, "net farm income for calendar 1971 may approximate the $15.7 billion earned in 1970." Price gains are expected to continue "well into 1972" for meat animals, dairy products, poultry and eggs, the report said. "Record crops and greater livestock output, coupled with firm demand, are brightening the agricultural picture a little. With weather conditions good and little damage of corn blight, this year's crops are record large. Bumper crops are bringing increased crop mar­ ketings and lower feed prices," the report said. "Prospects are for better farm receipts and net income for next year," the ERS said. "Grain prices are under pressure but larger feeding rates (more grain fed to animals), increased marketings, heavier price support loan activity, and the recently announced 1972 feed grain program may help ease this impact of over-abundant crop supplies," the report said.. Further, the ERS said, farmers can look forward to a slower rise in expenses. There was no prediction on 1972 net farm income, however. MYSTERY FARM 1 OF-THE-WEEK LAND BANK FARM LOANS Kossuth, Clay, Dickinson, Emmtt, Palo Alto counties Long term — Low cost No prepayment penalty 'I acef U 1 may your New Year be a bountiful one, filled with peace and rich in contentment, happiness and glowing health. May each of its days bring more joys than the one before. As the excitement of a New Year begins, let us express a warm feeling of appreciation for your generous support, and pledge our efforts to merit your continued confidence. Happy New Year From The Directors, Officers And Staff Of The Iowa Trust DIRECTORS: Sleo E. Fitzgibbons |Mrs. Paul Gray "Hugh S. Greig CAN YOU IDENTIFY THIS MYSTERY FARM? 4 Owner or tenant of above farm will receive a free 8x10 photo of it by stopping in at EMMETSBURG W. Hwy. 18 Ph. (712) 853-2645; Box 75 Field officesi Spencer, Wednesday A.M. Algona, Thursday A.M. See Eugene Hutchins, Bob Reel or Helen Haas ESTHERVILLE FEDERAL SHINES 121 NORTH SIXTH STREET and Loan Association ESTHERVILLE, IOWA 51334 Jno. E. Greig (Honorary) John M. Greig C. E. Miller F. T. Shadle George H. Shadle D. V. Sunde OFFICERS: I \ F. T. Shadle, President \ George Shadle, Exec. Vice-Pres. \ and Trust Officer i D. V. Sunde, Vice-Pres. 5 Harald Petersen, Vice-Pres. Myron Lund, Vice-Pres. Verlyn Vedder, Cashier Vaughn Brua, Assist. Cashier Gladys Nelson, Assist. Cashier and Agricultural Rep, Each depositor Insurad to •8OO0O FDI€ HMIM OfFOOT INIUMMCI CMPOtMIOM Iowa Trust & Savings Bank "Your Friendly, Family Bank" i .J

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