Accident Frequency Department of History & Archives Des Moines, Iowa 50316 1- 1-7Q + iff' 5 *•* ' •» * > i. UK Digging Out Time Tom, left, and Steve Clayton, sons of Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Clayton, begin shoveling their parents driveway early Thursday morning after 'Old Man Winter' dumped five inches of snow on the area during the night. Cleanup work in the area began at a brisk pace early Thursday morning by city, county and state crews with little real handicap created by the heaviest snowfall to date this winter. Highways were snowpacked and slippery in many areas this morning. (Daily News Photo by Chuck Ostheimer) Administration Planning New Trade Shot in Arm By STERLING F. GREEN AP Economics Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - The Nixon administration has sketched new blueprints for a many-sided effort to rebuild U.S. trading competitiveness and technological leadership. Export-stimulating proposals contained in the newly released White House report include consideration of the value-added tax, special credit arrange ments for exporters, tax incentives for private research and development, and the possible establishment of Japanese-style trading corporations. The effort would supplement the dismantling of trade barriers the topic of negotiations begun as part of the agreement among the Group of Ten richest non-Communist industrial nations for currency revaluation and monetary reform. The report was prepared by Merchants Will Greet New Baby Fifteen fancy prizes await the first baby of 1972 and his or her parents as the new year approaches, courtesyofEstherviUe business places. Eligible to win is the first baby born in Emmet County in 1972 to parents who are residents of the Estherville trade area. Rules governing the awards may be found on Page 6 of today's Daily News. Here are the prizes and those making them possible: Christensen's, $5 gift certificate. Iowa Trust & Savings Bank, savings bank for the baby. Holtz Furniture, $5 gift certificate. Ben Franklin, $5 gift certificate. Estherville Greenhouse, floral arrangement. Hoye Rexall Drug, $5 gift certificate. Penneys, a diaper bag. Anthony's, pair of baby shoes. Boone Jewelry, $3 gift certificate. Swanson's, three cases of baby food. McCleary's, dozen stretch diapers. Estherville Laundromat, $5 gift certificate. Coast-to-Coast, training chair. Dave's Photography, baby's portrait. Estherville Shoe Store, $5 gift certificate. Set Sheepman's Clinic A Sheepman's Clinic for northwest Iowa's sheep producers is scheduled for Tuesday at Stub's Ranch Kitchen in Spencer at 9:45 a.m. and ending at 3:30 p.m., according to Gene Rullestad, Emmet County Extension Director. The meeting will cover both "Ewe Flock Management" and "Lamb Feeding." Highlights of the morning program will include a presentation on how to increase the productivity of the ewe flock by Tom Wickersham, Iowa State Univer- Offices Close For Holiday m observance of New Year's, Emmet. County Courthouse, Estherville City Hall and the Estherville sanitary landfill will be closed Friday. James Matre, postmaster, announced that the post office will be open as usual Friday but the building will be closed Saturday and no mail processed nor dispatched that day. The Estherville public library will close at 3 p.m. Friday and reopen Jan. 3 at 10 a.m. Mrs. Christine Anderson, librarian, suggests New Year's resolutions to return overdue books. Friday's residential garbage customers will be served Monday and Tuesday, while Saturday's business customers will be served Sunday. sity Extension Specialist. Dwight Holloway, coordinator of the Lamb and Wool Production Program at Pipestone, Minn., will discuss research being done at the Pipestone project. The afternoon program will be devoted to the lamb feeder. Topics of interest to be discussed will include "lambgrowth and development," "feeder lamb selection and procurement," "starting lambs on feed," "the economics of lamb feeding," and "producers' lamb feeding experiences." People on the afternoon program will include Marvin Bosma and Ed Grapevine of Doughboy Industries, Russ Heine representing Peterson Sheep and Cattle Co., Clare Swanson from the Farmers' Coop. Elevator in Spencer, Tom Wickersham and Gene Rouse from Iowa State University, and Dwight Leemkuiel, Little Rock lamb feeder. Anyone interested in attending this meeting and wanting to share a ride should call the extension office in Estherville. Peter G. Peterson, special presidential assistant for international economic policy, at President Nixon's request. The book-length document has been used in briefing the President, Cabinet members and other high officials, but Peterson emphasized that its proposals "are still in the development and evaluation stage." In a survey of overseas obstacles to trade-? which presumably would be major targets of American negotiators in the current talks—the paper accuses the European Common Market countries of fostering a discriminatory trade system that threatens to divide the world into rival blocs and "leave as outcasts the Asian and Latin American countries." The report also criticizes Japan's longtime policy of manufacturing almost impenetrable barriers to foreign products and investments, but notes that these restrictions are being gradually eliminated. The report suggests that the United States might learn from some Japanese techniques. "The Japanese example of promoting large trading companies, which specialize in export development, is well worth evaluating," Peterson said. The report confirms that Nixon wil send to the new session of Congress a new "technologies opportunity program" designed to stimulate industrial research and development. Peterson also suggested that the value-added tax, long favored by Nixon, could provide a valuable stimulus to U.S. exports as it does to European exports. The tax is a flat levy on the value added to manufactured goods at each stage of the production process. EVELETH KNOX Eveleth is New Head , Of Chamber In a special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce board of directors Tuesday, Francis Eveleth, Penney's manager, was named president for the upcoming year. Other new officers are Dick Pentland of Sears, Dr. Steve Rose, optometrist and Harold Sawyer, Golden Sun, vice presidents. Robert Knox was re-hired as executive vice president. The board also named bureau members. They are: Ag-Industry — Harold Sawyer, Ken Westergard, Wally Spence, Herb Sneden. Civic — Dr. Rose, BarryHunt- singer, Martin Baedke, Verlyn Vedder. Retail — Dick Pentland, Francis Eveleth, Dan Poppen, Alan Robinson. Special Farm Director—Robert Graff. Retiring directors are Leo Lenz, president, and Fred Short, Dr. Paul Larsen and Ray Clarey, vice presidents. "We owe these retiring directors a big vote of thanks for a job well done," said Knox. Nation 's Birth Rate Down Dramatically WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's birth rate fell dramatically this year to one of the lowest levels in history, a preliminary estimate by the Census Bureau shows. Population experts are puzzled by the sharp decline since an increase in the birth rate had been expected in 1971. Whatever the cause, they are hopeful it represents more than just a short-term phenomenon. According to the estimate, the rate dropped to 17.3 births per thousand people, a dramatic dip over the 18.3 births per thousand recorded in 1970. The rate is based on an estimated 3,591,000 births this year. Although final figures won't be in until February or March, Census officials are now almost certain their preliminary estimates will be borne out in the final count since the birth figures for January through October are known to be well below last year's rate. Not since the years of the Depression during the 1930s has the birth rate been so low. But the 1971 estimated rate, even with a decline, still implies con tinued growth of the U.S. population. Census officials are cautious about trying to interpret what the 1971 decline means, lest they be caught by a sudden upsurge in 1972. An increase had been anticipated because of the relatively large number of women of prime child-bearing age. But they suspect it means that either women have decided to have smaller families or have postponed plans for more children for various reasons, such as the state of the national economy and fears of such things as inflation and unemployment. Population experts are reluctant because the birth rate figures are still preliminary and the detailed breakdowns needed to make analysis are not yet available. "I don't know why," said Dr. Murray Gendell, director of Georgetown University's Center for Population Research. "It's a real puzzle. We need much more detailed information." He noted that the birth rate began declining in 1958* Emmet is Average DES MOINES — (IDPA>-For the first time in its 32-year history the state safety department has publicly pinpointed the high accident rate counties. The top 10 high accident rate counties based on 1970 statistics are Linn, Polk, Black Hawk, Dubuque, Woodbury, Cerro Gordo, Clinton, Scott, Marshall and Webster. In compiling the list Aurora P. Berenguel, research analyst for the department, attempted to measure the risk of having an accident on the basis of accidents per million vehicle miles. A method was developed wherein fatal, injury and property damage accidents were weighed according to the direct costs of traffic operations (and conversely the benefits gained by preventing accidents) estimated by the National Safety Council. Counties were ranked in de scending order of accident rates. Counties above the cut-off (weighed mean accidents for the state) were pinpointed as high accident rate counties. There are 26 counties above the cutoff which are considered high accident rate counties. Safety officials noted that the top counties closely follow the pattern of the major population centers of the state. Emmet County's accident rate would be 13.76 for each million vehicle miles in 1970. Total accidents: 439; injury accidents, 105, and fatal accidents four. Property damage accidents totaled 330. 9lVi million miles were traveled. The Emmet County rate is just a bit under the statewide average of 13.91 per million vehicle miles. The Clay County rate was 12.41; Dickinson 11.20; Kossuth 11.88; Palo Alto 11.60. AILY NEWS 104th YEAR; NO. 61 Estherville, Iowa, 51334, Thursday, December 30, 1971 WEEK, 60c; COPY, 15c Property Assessment Begins Here Monday Personal property annual assessments will begin in Emmet County Monday, Jan. 3, according to County Assessor Wayne Lynch. All residents of the county should begin receiving cards listing the time and place they are to meet with field assessors to determine their personal property tax. Under Iowa law, each resident is required to list all taxable personal property that he owns, or which he has control over, Lynch stated. ITEMS that are taxable are as follows: livestock, machinery, furniture in furnished apart ments, boats and motors, contractor equipment, snowmobiles and minibikes. If the time listed on the card is not convenient for the property owner, he should call the assessor's office and arrange for an alternate date and time. Those eligible may also apply for homestead, additional homestead and military exemptions. Anyone who has paid a minimum of 10 per cent down on his home and intends to live in the dwelling for a period of at least six months from the date of the application may apply for the homestead exemption. To be eligible for an additional homestead exemption, a person must first be eligible for a homestead exemption. Persons applying for such exemptions must also be over 65 years of age as of Jan. 1 and have a net income of less than $4,000 a year. EACH HOMEOWNER who qualifies for the credit will be eligible for a credit of $125 regardless of the amount of the assessed or taxable value on the homestead, unless the property tax is less than $125. Each owner making application for credit because of age or total disability shall annually, on or before July 1, file on a Political Hats Flung WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. Edmund S. Muskie of Maine has announced his candidacy for the White House, confiding in some 500,000 potential financial supporters. He'll tell everybody else on Jan. 4, in a 10-minute television appearance. Of course anyone interested already knows Muskie is running. But no matter that his announcement in advance of his a candidacy that had been obvious for a year. For announcements by men seeking the White House seldom are staged for purposes of information; they are instead exercises in political theater. Given the financial and organizational demands of modern campaigning, the question answered when a serious contender makes his formal announcement of candidacy is no longer whether he will run, it is when he will say that he is running. Former Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy of Minnesota, who slid into the current Democratic campaign with what he called "a sort of announcement," described the exercise of declaring candidacy this way: "A formal announcement is when you do it in the Senate Caucus Room with your family at your side." The Caucus Room is a marble-columned hearing room with plenty of space so that supporters can flock In to applaud when the announcing candidate does what everybody knew he was going to do. It is where McCarthy, on Nov. 30, 1968, announced he would challenge former President Lyndon B. Johnson. It is where the late Sen. Robert F. Kennedy declared his candidacy. In the Caucus Room last Nov. 19, Sen. Henry M. Jackson of Washington, his family at his side, announced he is a candidate for the 1972 nomination. Sen. Fred R. Harris of Oklahoma used that hall to announce his candidacy, but chose a smaller, out-of-the-way hearing room to announce six weeks later that he was quitting the race for lack of money. There are variations, but the common thread in such announcements is the absolute lack of suspense about what will happen. Sen. George McGovern, first entry in the 1972 Democratic race, announced his candidacy last Jan. 18 in Sioux Falls, S.D., on a statewide television broadcast. He flew back to Washington the next day to re- announce at the Capitol. He sought a head-start with the early announcement, particularly on the problem of voter recognition. But the 1971 campaign of the undeclared Muskie was as vigorous as that of the announced McGovern. Muskie, in a fund-raising let- Snowmobilers Told Of Some Restrictions Area enthusiasts are reminded that snowmobiles and other off road vehicles will not be allowed on game management areas in Emmet County but may be legally used on some lakes in the area, according to Iowa State Conservation Officer Bob Moats. In announcing the restriction, Moats said it is the commissions intent to prevent any vehicle use on management areas that would "in any way harm wildlife or disturb their habitat." Although not permitted on refuges and game management areas surrounding the lakes, snowmobiles are permitted to operate on Ingham and High Lakes, Tuttle Lake, Iowa Lake, and Twelve Mile Lake. Moats also reminds local sportsmen that the 1971 hunting and fishing licenses expires at midnight, Dec. 31. New licenses may be purchased at the Emmet County Recorders office and at most sporting goods dealers. ter dated Dec. 27, said "I am writing now to tell you that I will formally announce my candidacy for President on Tuesday, Jan. 4, 1972." He said campaign money is his most urgent need. Muskie said television time for the formal announcement, at 8:20 .m. EST on CBS-TV, will cost 30,000 "and that's just a fraction of the sum we must ultimately spend." Muskie's television statement will be followed on Jan. 5 by an announcement news conference, probably in the standard place, the Caucus Room. That hall is not available to people who are not senators, so they have to improvise. When Rep. John Ashbrook of Ohio announced Wednesday his conservative challenge to President Nixon in 1972 Republican primaries, he hired a hall, the Chandelier Room at the Sheraton-Carleton Hotel. That kind of setting can be a tip-off if there is any doubt about what the prospective candidate will do. It doesn't take a hotel reception room to announce that a man Is not running. Rep. Paul N. McCloskey Jr. of California, a Nixon challenger from the left, announced his candidacy not once but twice, in Los Angeles and then, four hours later, in San Francisco, last July 9. New York Mayor John V. Lindsay went to Miami to declare Tuesday that he is running for the Democratic nomination and will enter the Florida primary. Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty made his announcement at his own City Hall. Then there is the announcement that a candidate is likely to announce that he is running, demonstrated by Sen. Vance Hartke of Indiana in a Tuesday appearance in Manchester, N.H. Announcing candidacy is not a pre-requisite for abandoning candidacy. Sens. Harold Hughes of Iowa and Birch Bayh of Indiana demonstrated that for support for the nomination, then withdrawing from the race. The most successful an- nouncee of the last campaign was, of course, President Nixon, who made his formal entry simply by sending an open letter to the citizens of New Hampshire on Feb. 1, 1968. form to be provided by the director of revenue a verified statement with the county assessor, showing these four things: 1. He was 65 years of age or totally disabled before midnight on Dec. 31 of the year immediately preceding the year of the tax levy. 2. His Iowa net income, plus interest and dividends from federal securities and Income from social security and other tax- exempt retirement or pension plans when included with that of his spouse, if any, during the last preceding 12-month income tax accounting period Is less than $4,000. 3. The cost of all additions or Improvements made to the dwelling house of the homestead and the cost of any new structure erected on the homestead, and the actual value of any land added to the homestead, during the preceding year, and describing same. If any such addition or Improvement, exclusive of repairs and maintenance, has been made, the assessor shall determine whether the assessed valuation of the homestead shall be increased, and if so, the amount of such increase. The additional credit provided herein shall not be allowed in any year if such increase in assessed valuation exceeded the amount of $250, in the preceding year, but such disallowance shall be determined on a year basis. 4. That he expressly waives any confidentiality as to all income tax information obtainable through the department of revenue, Including all information covered by section by the Code. The waiver shall apply only to Information available to the county or city assessor who shall hold the Information confidential except as it may become public through use as evidence to disallow the credit. VETERANS of World War I, World War n, the Korean War and Vietnam Wars, may apply for military exemptions. Veterans of the Korean War must have served between June 27, 1950, and Jan. 31, 1955, to be eligible. Applications for exemptions, which must be made each year, are required to be submitted before July 1. OWNERS of dogs six months old, or over, or when the dog becomes six months old, must . also license their pets for the coming year, Lynch said. Application is made by presenting a certificate of vaccination at the county assessor's office. The certificate must be valid for a period of six months from the date of the license application. Applications for female dogs must be accompanied by a $3 fee while a $2 fee is required with males or spayed females. In order to insure that each property owner in the county has listed taxable personal property, Lynch said, the assessor's office will conduct spot checks in each township. A penalty of 100 per cent of the taxable value of the property can be assigned to any property reported. Lynch added mat an assessment can be appealed, but the penalty cannot. FIELD ASSESSORS Include Maurice Oleson, Donald Anderson, Ransom Harris, Alvln Brlnk- mann, Henry Tordoff, Elmer Borchers, Kenneth West, Robert Harris and Melvin Weisbrod.
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