The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 18, 1941 · Page 8
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 8

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, April 18, 1941
Page 8
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Page 8 article text (OCR)

PAGE EIGHT ELYTHEVILLE, (ARK.) COURIER NEWS FRIDAY, APRIL 18, 1941 "I Was In A Concentration Camp With every border the Nazi armies cross, thousand? of anti-Nazi German refugees find themselves enemy aliens in their land of refuge. Their destiny is a concentration camp. • The story below, typical of thousands ' of others, was written shortly after Kurt Ln.ndauer. a handsome, blond German Jew of 26, arrived in New York with his family. . * * * By KURT LANOAUER (As Told to Tom Wolf, NEA Service Staff Correspondent) NEW YORK.—My father and I. as "enemy aliens " were thrust into a concentration camp by the Belgians within 1*2 hours after the Germans .started their invasion of the Low Countries. Then, so swil: was the German advance. we found ourselv;-., only two days later, herded with GO other men in badly ventilated, ( unsa^tary, padlocked freight ears, bound for somewhere in France rshead of the Nax.i flood. Behind us we had had to leave my mother and my wife, ami for thVee months thereafter we were to know nothing of their fate. That "somewhere" in France turned out to be Le Vigeant. a concentration camp at Poitiers. There, into barracks built for 200 men, over 300 of us were packed: Belgian Communists a'nd Fascists, Nazis and German Jews. The Nazis and the Jews were in separate barracks — and we kept to ourselves. MADE UP POEMS ABOUT "POIS CHICHE" Le Vigeant was only half built when we arrived. The windows of the brick barracks were just, gaping holes, without glass, and there was not enough straw to cover the concrete floors that we slept on. Soon after wo arrived, all our papers and money and valuables were -K taken away. It was lucky that most ol us had hidden some money that Conditions at Ours, except for the unbearably cold nights, were fairly good at this time, and the ladies bore up well. My family was fortunate. Helped by friends and luck, we were release^ from St, Cyprien and our wives from Gurs by the end of July—three months after our internment. Many others were less lucky and are still prisoners. And of course, in keeping with condi- 1 tiouo all over France today, con- j ditions at Gurs today are terrible.; I know. Shortly after the ar-' mistice. many German Jews were ( deported <on 30 minutes' notice) | from Germany to unoccupied France, where they—both men and women, adults and children- were immediately interned nt Gurs. Most of them are still there. Among them are my two grandmothers. Vancouver, British Columbia, is farther north than the city of Quebec. Let Us Repair Your Wreck Expert Body and Refinishing— All Work Guaranteed Jack's Hotly & Paint.Shop Southern's IMace Hy. CJ, Sleele, Mo., Ph. C« THEATRE Kurt Landauer and his wife. Governor Arfkins Will Attend Hatchery Opening HOT SPRINGS, Ark. rjp)-- When the bass season opens May l(j Governor Homer M. Adkins and members of the State Game and Fish Commission will be entertained at the site of the new state fish hatchery here, officials of the Garland County chapter of . the Arkansas Wild Life Federation have announced. According to the Federation, five of the fish ponds have been completed and four additional ponds are expected to be ready by Junel. When the hatchery is fully completed, Lakes Hamilton and Catherine and other .streams of this section will be adequately supplied with all species of game fish. Improvement Travelers from Bagdad to Damascus across the Syrian desert now can use a modern motor coach instead of a camel. This trip of about 470 miles is made LUXORA Phone 42 Mat. S:il.-Sun. 5> and 4 P. Every Nitfht 7 P. M. Always lOc -20c A A man can't own clothes too good to... MAKE A LIVim Iff ! The food was better and a blt^very badly. When moio plentiful — only three peo- pie lo split one bread each day. wc sonieliinc;s had Arthe authorities did not find, be- 0(mtino f rozen meal, peaches and __^^.l_^l Li ]n I f\m* i f\ \'\l\\t *"* . . _ _ ^ *. cause we needed it later to food. The food at Le Vigcnnt was 'very bad. There was no water at the" camp. They did bring in some water for cooking in motor lorries, but it was so dirty that the authorities forbade us to drink it. Every day our routine was the same. UUp at fi a.m. For breakfast- colored water they called coffee and our day's bread ration- one 'French loaf for six or eight of us. At noon: a watery soup made of big Algerian "pois chiche" (a large pea). At night: the same soup. We all made up tomatoes and sometimes a of wine. LACK OF HOSPITAL. quart SAMTAII FACILITIES d bu; hospital, the doctor had neither,—— disinfectants nor bandage. I had to tie my foot in my handkerchief. And, since one man had just died of blood poisoning, I was very worried for several days. Later in the summer, after we had been freed, a typhoid epi- out in 24 hours, as compared with 20 went to the ' clays 'by camel. ostine •> franc* important men (in my shack was ^ centimes were sold to" us for also Luise Rainer's lather), and om f.'"rrs Tobacco (costing 5 \ the refugee scholars held classes frincs) 'cost' us 50 And so on. (By , for the rest of us. You eould —r this bootleg racket had' study Eaglfch, chemist^. asUjm- poems and songs about those awful "pois chiche." We had no prescribed duties. We walked in the courtyards, played, cards, talked. Some of the men worked in the kitchens. In r.pite of the physical discomforts our spirits were high. France was sttll "fighting—successfully, so far as we knew, for we had no news of any kind. The' lack of news was also the cause of most of our depression. Like everyone else, my father ana I had not heard of or from our wives since we were interned. ST. CYPRIEN HUTS HAD SIEVE-LIRE WALLS Ar. the end of two weeks at Le Vigeant, the German advance again caused i'& to be moved, this time been broken . up by a legitimate organization which sold food and Lobacco and stationery inside the camp at regular prices.) Our worst hazard ai St. Cyprien was complete lack of proper hospiutl and sanitary facilities. The "hospital" tone of the small, rickety shacks) was staffed by pris-! oners, many of them famous doctors in their own right, but. it was completely locking in vital medicines. Its' "beds" were orange and tomato crates. After the armistice, the guards cut the barbed wire so that we could swim in the Mediterranean. I, like the rest, raced down the of bead! very excited. A piece barbed wire, buried in tho sand, lore my foot and it began to bleed omy* and many other subjects. Ma'ny of us voluntarily worked around the camp to pass the time. Others played cards and talked. CONDITION' AT GURS WERE FAIRLY GOOD Our spirits were at the lowest ebb when the news of the Armistice t came. (Only one : man committed suicide while I was at St. Cyprien. and thai, was before the armistice.) Shortly after this, how- j ever, our spirits were bolstered when i lists of prisoners interned else- j where in France were exchanged between all the concentration camps. Then, for the first time. I learned that, my 20-year-old wife and 51-year-old mother were alive at the concentration camp at Gurs. FRIDAY-SATURDAY CESAR ROMERO Chapter 12 "Drums of Fu Manchu to St! Cyprien on the Mediterranean. St. Cyprien. built for tens of thousands of Loyalist refugees who fled to France after the Spanish civil war, consists of endless rows ^ ot" wooden huts built right on the j beach. It is surrounded by lour concentric rows of barbed wire. St. Oyprien had been empty for several months when we arrived —about 2500 of us from Le Vigeant and twice that many from other camps in the active zone. Rain and sand, whipped by -,ne po'.vf.rful gusts of the Mediterranean Sea'-s mistral, poured through the walls as through netting. The floors of our shacks were sand, but it was often more comfortable for .sleeping than straw. With all its discomforts. St. Cyprien was an improvement, over i_2 Vigeant. We had water—a hand p.imp fo/ every four shacks, j Coil* Sensotionol New Low P» cel frigid* CHAMPION D insi de Only run It's Fully-Fitted—Here are a few of its Features • New Super-lWeivi! Meier-Miser • Super-MoisL, Class-Topped llydralor • New De Luxe Meat Tender • Ne\v. Lirizer Frozen Storage Compartment • DonMe-Kasy Quiekuhe Ice Trays • New Facts "Uibel—(You know wliat you pot before YOU 1)11 v). Just a young fellow he was, with a bright clean smile, and alive with energy. He came into the store and asked the price of a suit that was in our window. "Fd like to try that suit on," he said, "I'd like to see how it would look for wearing behind the counter in a Drug Store where I work." Our salesman, a bit surprised, remarked that it was a mighty fine suit for work like that. He suggested that our young friend wear it for "good" and "church" and "dates" for perhaps a season, then, turn it to daily use after- wards. "No sir," he said, "when 1 buy clothes I want 'em for wearin' every day. I want the best 1 can afford to buy — because — A MAN CANT OWN CLOTHES TOO GOOD TO MAKE A LIVING IN." And the incident impressed us so ... as a truth so well expressed . . . as.the keynote to a "way of thinking" . . . that we wanted to pass the story on to you. P.S.—The suit he ultimately selected was Sensational Bargain — lowest Price Ever, for a Fripiilaiiv 6 with so many features. 19V1 Staruhml Model U-6. . . Only PER WEEK A RECORD MAKING TIRE AT RECORD MAKING TERMS. PHILLIPS MOTOR CO. OVER 6 MILLION FKIGIDAIXfS HAVS BfEN WILT AND SOLD! 1-3 DOWN -1-3 FALL 1941 --1-3 FALL 1942 IF YOU PURCHASED \ FRIG1DAIRE IN 193G WITH T HE METER MISER YOU MAY HAVE THE ORIGINAI PROTECTION WARRANTEE EXTENDED IF YOU ACT AT ONCE. SEE IS TODAY. HARDAWAY APPLIANCE CO. INC. 206 W. Main J. W.-Adams, Mgr. Phone 23: 'ulfiveight Suit By HART SCHAFFNER & MARX $35 As Usual The Best Is At 322 MAIN 322

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