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Times Herald EDITORIALS Saturday, October 28, 1967 United Nations The year since the United Nations came of age has not been its most shining time. The world organization came to its 22nd birthday after a hectic passage over the past twelve months. Yet it has weathered the storm and remains, despite all its weaknesses and accumulated troubles, the soundest ship to carry on man's exploratory voyage toward world peace and order based on compassionate law. Much is made of the United Nations' shortcomings — its failure, say, to intervene effectively in the Vietnamese War; its inability to bring about a permanent settlement of the Middle East disputes, or even to solve the Palestine refugee question. Some are inclined to denigrate the entire organization because it has been unable to function well in such crucial situations. It is true that the U.N. is in many respects weak and ineffective. It is plagued by a tangle of conflicting political alliances, and beset by problems that spring from the strength of great powers and the feebleness of numerous small countries that boast an equal vote with the giants. But those who dwell only on the United Nations' frustrated efforts to bring peace out of conflict miss a salient part of the picture. The United Nations has a role that extends far beyond merely acting as an intermediary between warring nations. Ideally it should function in this way. But one might argue that it accomplishes at least as much over the long haul through its programs which draw nations together in common cause and speed up social and economic progress in underdeveloped areas. This work, in exciting variety, prepares the soil for ultimate world peace. As we mark United Nations Week we do well to reaffirm our support of these endeavors. Athletics Move Charles 0. Finley has won permission from the American League to move his Athletics from. Kansas City to Oakland, Cailf. Once again this gives some baseball fans reason to wonder about the good faith of the club they support. It was only two years ago that Milwaukee lost major league baseball, too, when the absentee owners shifted the Braves to Atlanta. The move has not proved to be quite the boon expected by the club owners. Both Milwaukee and Kansas City have been promised major league ball again when the leagues expand, but the prospect doesn't cheer either city much. It is not surprising that Kansas City fans think that Finley, whose insurance business is in Chicago and who lives most of the time in Indiana, has given their town a bum rap. Sen. Stuart Symington set up a howl, and one Kansas Citian fumed that "the league has rewarded the man who sabotaged baseball in Kansas City and has left the town without baseball until 1971." Kansas City and Seattle were awarded expansion franchises effective "as soon as practicable but not later than the 1971 season." All the same, it could be longer. The National League has set no expansion date, and the shortage of ball players caused by the Vietnam war could prevent such a step if the war continues. It's time to call a halt to this moving of franchises from one city to another by owners hunting greener pastures. Every such transfer gives baseball a black eye. Teams don't identify with the cities they represent, and the business office calls the pitches. Baseball ought to be something more than strictly a dollars-and-cents operation. Blow To Prejudice The state of Mississippi has not tried anyone for the murder of the three young civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James-Chaney, and is not likely to do so. But it was an all-white jury of Mississippians that convicted seven Ku Klux Klansmen on federal charges of conspiracy to violate the victims' civil rights. In no small sense this tends to vindicate the belief that blind racial prejudice is on the wane even in this state which rightly or wrongly has become a symbol of such prejudice and the hateful ignorance from which it springs. Mississippians properly argue that many of their number are wrongly defamed by this symbolic condemnation of an entire state. The point they make derives new support from events in Neshoba County. For there, despite strong community pressure to find for the defendants, a jury studied the evidence and pronounced some guilty. • It is commonly said that this required courage, and so it did. But it also required an understanding of and willingness to abide by a bedrock principle. This is that those who transgress tlie law must be punished no matter how greatly popular sentiment in the community may applaud what they have done. The jury's adherence to this fundamental tenet of civilized society should uplift those who see a widespread decline in respect for the law as an instrument of justice. "Yoo-Hoo, George! The Doctor Says mm^w^'^^-- : ^^ ^ v^^z&m^^^:: a; Washington Notebook One Approach to Peace; Offer Viet Cong Inducements to Quit WASHINGTON (NEA) - A practical approach to peace in Vietnam is possible. It does not depend on getting Ho Chi Minn to the conference table for talks of dubious value. It does not require an endless war. It does depend on the fact that most of the Viet Cong are not Communists. The Viet Cong and the National Liberation Front are Communist organizations, run from Hanoi. They serve Communist aims. But most of the men and women in these organizations and in the guerrilla and provincial armies they support are not Reds. They're ordinary people dissatisfied with the political or economic conditions. Some have been drafted by force by the Communists. Others are seeking adventure. Many of these non-Communists want the same thing the United States is fighting for — freedom, democracy and a decent economic chance. Sizable numbers of these non- By Ray Cromley Communists among the Viet Cong and in the National Liberation Front are fed up with their Communist bosses. They're angry at being ordered around by outsiders — the "foreigners" from Hanoi. If these non-Communist men and women could be reached, persuaded that there would be a real place for them in the new South Vietnam, many would shift to the government side. The Viet Cong have already begun to hurt for junior leadership. They have had considerable losses through death, disease, corruption and personal infighting. Their recruiting has become more difficult. They haven't been able, therefore, to replenish losses among their junior fiscal and economic, administrative, medical, propaganda and military personnel as rapidly as they must. If we could step up this drain sufficiently, the Viet Cong and The Coin Box By Norman M. Davis USING GOOD CENTS. Most collectors, and many non-collectors, know of such famous patterns (trial or test coins) as the 1856 flying eagle cent and $4 gold coin. But how many of us are familiar with the mint's many other pattern cents? The switch from large to small cents was no one-year, quick-as-a-flash business. Plans for changing the cent's size resulted in many patterns in various sizes. Silver, copper and nickel pattern cents were minted in different sizes in 1850, seven years before the first issue of small cents. Some 1850 patterns have holes in the center, some have the letters "U.S.A." and some carry the words "One-Tenth Silver." Several holed coins have around the hole a wreath much like the one on modern Greek low-denomination coins. One 1851 nickel-sized pattern cent has a Liberty seated obverse design; on the reverse is "One Cent" in a wreath. About 15 were struck in copper, another 15 in aluminum, 30 in nickel and a few more in other metals. Patterns are often struck in several metals to test the dies and see how each metal would look if it were used for a coin. We've noted that several countries reed the edges of their low-denomination coins, just as we reed dime, quarter and half-dollar edges. U. S. mint officials once considered giving the cent a reeded edge, and they tried this on some 1851 patterns. The later 1850's saw a wide range of designs and sizes. In 1853, the obverse of the |2Vfc gold piece was tried out as a cent obverse. Probably the best-known, yet most mysterious, of all our pattern cents is the 1856 flying eagle one. How many were made? Coin writer Wesley R. Hauptman, in The Numismatist (September 1938), said 960, all in Proof condition. The "Red Book says 1,000 — but lists prices for conditions from Good to Proof. Some collectors believe 5,000 were struck. Some — who claim the coin is greatly overpriced — claim 10,000 is the correct mintage, and point out that many 1856 flying eagle cents are below Proof condition. However, this could be caused by too much handling of Proofs. The fact is, we don't know — and perhaps never will — how many 1856 flying eagle cents were made. But we'll still appreciate them and hope to someday own one. Next week: "Using Good Cents," Part 2 — Small cents officially began in 1857, but ex* perimental pieces continued. (All Bights Reserved) Barbs Ask a victim—the hay fever season is nothing to sneeze at. One more big beauty contest coming up this summer—and then we can go back to watch- in? the local talent. At a recent high school homecoming, we were shocked at hew the rest of the class had aged. If you want to borrow trouble, tome to us: we have more than we can comfortably handle. front movements would begin to deteriorate quite rapidly. As of now, the program for accepting Viet Cong who "rally to the government" is not very attractive for much of the junior leadership in the VC and the National Liberation Front. (Most "ralliers" are young VC recruits.) Despite announcements of amnesty, these non- Communists who have held junior posts in the VC face an uncertain future in the South, once they have come over to the government side. For most of them, there seem to be no jobs offered which would use their talents. The problem is primarily suspicion. Many of those who fought with Ho in the war against the French were non-Communists who believed they were fighting for the independence of their country. These men later quit Ho because they were against communism. Nevertheless, they have not yet, after all these years, been fully accepted in Vietnamese society. Many have found it difficult to secure posts for which they are qualified. Yet some of the ablest hamlet and district chiefs this reporter met in South Vietnam were men who had fought as guerrillas on the other side, then became disillusioned with the Communists. It is therefore necessary that we develop an imaginative program which will both "attract and fully utilize the non-Communists who want to quit the VC and the front. These "ralliers to the government", of course, should be run through thorough security checks to make certain they had not been sent in by the Communists to infiltrate the government. The Viet Cong in Vietnam and the Communists in China secured many of their junior leaders through programs which drew in dissatisfied young men of talent unhappy with the government. Now we can turn the tables. Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other than February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor MARTIN MAKER, Advt. Mgr. Entered, as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under,the act of March 2. 1879. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week S .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, per year $13.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties In Zones 1 and 2, per year $16.00 All Other Mall In the United Stales, per year $20.00 Causes and Treatment of Cracked Skin Vary By Dr. W. G. Brandstadt Q — The ends of my thumbs crack and bleed. Changes of weather or location make no difference. Ointments have been used without success. What would you suggest? A — Since there are several possible causes, no single treatment will benefit all persons with this rather common condition. This skin of your thumbs may be unusually thick or abnormally thin. Exposure to oils, strong soaps or some substance to which you are allergic may be the cause. Aging, with its attendant hardening of the arteries, may also be a factor. In some persons a diet deficient in Remember Way Back When Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Contractors' bids on the new St. Lawrence School addition will be opened in the school hall at 2 p.m. Thursday. Nineteen Fifty-Seven— The Rev. L. J. Greteman, pastor of St. Augustine's Parish at Halbur, announced Wednesday that a new grade school and parish center will be built in Halbur at a cost of approximately $175,000. Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Chip-a-Dale of Porenrre, a large white standard poodle puppy owned by Mrs. John V. Sullivan of Carroll, took first prize in a class ... at the Washington Poodle Club Spec i a 11 y Show in Washington, D.C. Nineteen Fifty-Seven— Charles Button, roadmaster clerk at Wall Lake, was elected president of the (Chicago and North Western Railway Veterans' Assn. in the Ranch Room at Pauline's Cafe Tuesday night). Nineteen Fifty-Seven— All five candidates nominated at the recent meeting ... of the Chamber of Commerce were elected without opposition . . . L. A. (Jack) Smith . . . president; Madeline White . . . first vice president; Gene Hagen . . . second vice president; Wayne Harmening . . . secretary, and John Gronstal ... treasurer. protein or vitamins is the cause. If soothing oinlmcnfs, such as Lassar's paste, do not help you, you should cover the cracked skin with an adhesive bandage but, most important, have your doctor find the cause and eliminate it. Q — Can one have scoliosis without torticollis? What causes these conditions? Is there any cure? A — Scoliosis Is an S-shaped curvature of the spine and tor- ticollis is wryneck. It is possible — in fact usual — to have one of these conditions without the other. Scoliosis may be caused by poliomyelitis, muscular dystrophy or poor posture in childhood. Mild degrees require no treatment. If the condition is recognized during childhood it can be corrected by the wearing of a spinal brace or body cast. Torticollis may be caused by an injury to the neck muscles on one side at birth. The injured muscles develop tough scar tissue which contracts and pulls the head toward the affected side. The treatment is surgical removal of the scar tissue. Spasmodic wryneck developing later in life is another matter. Some persons with this condition are helped by an operation in which a cryosurgical probe (one cooled to subzero temperature) is used to destroy a minute area of the brain. This treatment is considered experimental. Q — I get high altitude sickness when I go to Lake Tahoe. Is there any cure for this? A — Mountain sickness is caused by the fact that at high altitudes the air contains less oxygen than at sea level. Recent studies indicate that aceta- zolamide (Diamox) increases the body's tolerance to this type of air hunger. It is available only on prescription. Dear Abby This Friend Not Worth the Bother By Abigail Van Buren DEAR ABBY: A few years ago, a man who was employed in our retail business left us to open up his own shop in competition with us. No particular ill will was involved here, but naturally we were not overjoyed, as we felt we had taught him the business. Our business continues to do well, and this man has done very well, also. A friend of ours is constantly pointing out our competitor's ads in the newspapers, and he seems to delight in discussing how "well" this man is doing. We are bewildered and somewhat hurt. Are we too touchy? Or is such talk in poor taste? Religion Today Casts Doubts on Credibility By Rev. David Poling One of my theories is that leaders in national life are allowed only one or two areas of authority and respect. They might extend their interest to other fields, in rare exceptions be a "renaissance man" and capture several more. But usually you are allowed one or two major lines and that's it. Let me explain. When Wilt Chamberlain admitted that he was considering the world of professional boxing nobody wrote for tickets. Why? He is Mr. Basketball. His court play, team effort and personal excellence are unsurpassed. Honor and fame and cash have flooded in. But boxing? He was about as welcome as a giraffe at a dog show. He had found and claimed his place in the sports world and in the heart of fans on the basketball court. He got the message. Do you recall the news item that appeared before the national political conventions of 1964 stating that, in spite of the rumors, Billy Graham would not consider an invitation to be on a party ticket? It was almost funny. The public has long shown its interest and support of Graham as evangelist and preacher in countless religious meetings and services. But no one beyond Graham's staff had ever allowed that he might run for political office. The result would be embarrassing to the public and disastrous to the evangelist. For just that reason Pope Paul would never stand for election to the Italian Parliment. One field yes — two, no. This is true on delicate social issues and the role of a local minister. A congregation or community will respond to their pastor if he takes a strong stand, say, on fair housing. It won't be pleasant and the strain soon separates the bigots from the believers. But, generally, the congregation will take it if he doesn't suddenly turn up the volume on the church's paying taxes or getting rid of the choir director or calling for the burning of draft cards. These other issues may be just as important to him but he wisely learns to pace himself, like the dentist, who drills and then cools. This is what is happening to Bishop Pike. His interest, concern and involvement in so many social-religious-ethical debates has brought him to the credibility gap with his friends and the public. Being a person of such unusual charm and such a towering intellect, the public seems to have given Pike at least three or four issues to employ. So he has had some pretty thrilling times as the front runner on things like reform of abortion laws, the New Morality, birth control, the experimental use of drugs and better understanding for homosexuals. When time permitted, he also reworked the creeds of his church, discussed the death of God and outlined new moves for peace in Vietnam. But then my Wilt Chamberlain theory came into practice. To be a professional in one area does not mean expertise in another — say spiritualism. Every family in the pew and plenty out in the parish have had strong feelings in this field and they didn't need a bishop to straighten them out. Historically, spiritualism is so riddled with fraud, deceit and foolishness that Pike added nothing new to their knowledge except a suspicion about where he is heading. What next, they are asking? The true Renaissance man was gifted in art, music and theater, and enjoyed one more quality — when to stop and reflect on his work. We surely wouldn't run down a competitor, but we find it hard to applaud his success considering t h e background. How should this be handled? BEWILDERED DEAR BEWILDERED: A real "friend" avoids subjects that could be irritating. To deliberately bring up a subject that stings is mischievous. The Chinese put it this way, "Never speak of a rope in the home of one whose relative has been hanged." If I were you, I'd demote that "friend" to a nodding acquaintance. DEAR ABBY: Tel! "HANGING ON" to keep -hanging on. My husband also ran around on me. He even asked for a divorce, saying he was "in love" with another woman and wanted to marry her. My friends, family, and even my lawyer told me I was a fool to hang on to him, that I should give him a divorce, but I just couldn't because I loved him. And besides, we had four children. Now I'm glad I hung on because something happened and now he is a changed man. He became a born-again Christian through Billy Graham's crusade on television one night. All he did was walk up to the television set and say, "I want a new heart. I want to be forgiven for my sins and accept Jesus Christ as my Lord and Master." Now I couldn't ask for a better husband. GLAD I HUNG ON DEAR WONDERING: In my book, ANY invitation that is sincere is legitimate. Maybe it is a "hurry-up" sort of wedding. DEAR ABBY: 1 am 22, earn my own living, and live at home. I'm practically engaged to a very fine young man named Bruce. He is 26, has a steady job and he also lives at home, not far from me. Abby, I don't know whether B r u c e's mother is going through "the change" or what, but she is impossible. She will call up here at midnight and say, "SEND BRUCE HOME!" And bang goes the receiver. Bruce is not a child, and he knows when to go home. There are other people in this house: my parents and younger brothers and sisters, and they don't appreciate being disturbed at that hour. We took the telephone off the hook one night, and she got the busy signal so she WALKED OVER HERE and made Bruce take her home. How can this problem be solved? BRUCE'S GIRL DEAR GIRL: Marry Bruce. DEAR ABBY: What, in your opinion, makes for true happiness? PHILOSOPHER DEAR PHILOSOPHER: It's hard to say. So far, both poverty and wealth have failed.