Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on April 14, 1954 · Page 6
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 6

Alton, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 14, 1954
Page 6
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PAGfcSHt ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1954 Editorial Keeping fall fifeetitm Issues Clear tf one thing was demonstrated in Tuesday's &ett*9cr»ttc primary, it was that when hsnw be- txtttit fufficiently clear and the contrast of candi- i*t<!l en th«m is sharp enough, the voter* know what to do, and they do it. The best illustration of this was the phenomenal fotft rolled tip by Troy editor Paul Simon, seeking nomination for state representative. Simon had spent last summer "dii;/?inR" into the operations of the Club Prcvue and given much attention to corruption in the county. He minced no words. There was no doubt about his position as a strongly reform candidate. A freshman in the race, himself, he outdistanced two other Veteran candidates, both of whom ran quiet campaigns and had made records in the House difficult to analyr.c. Publici/cd pictures of Anthony Daly made during an admitted visit to a professional gambler could have been expected to stir up the indignation of his friends to a stronger fight against the machine candidate, County Judge Michael Kinney. The pictures, nevertheless, apparently did manage to put enough rust spots on his shining armor to keep at home some of those who might have voted to support a clear-cut reform candidate, These did not know Daly well enough personally to appreciate his integrity. The very men who sought out Daly and persuaded him to enter the race apparently tacked the power in their home township to deliver the vote Daly needed to overcome thi ihying away of the simon purrs who have trouble in differentiating between a clear record, a record that has doubt cast upon it, and one about which there can be no doubt. Their very support of Daly from the beginning had left some of his friends in doubt as to the benefits he might-derive from it as a reform candidate. Raymond (Nip) Gallaway, too, had behind him a somewhat dubious record as chief of police. A thorough police officer, he nevertheless had been forced by circumstances to tit still while even bingo trees flourished on open bars at times. Again, ma'ny of those who might have hoped for a real reform in the sheriff's office failed to differentiate between various shades of law-enforcing enterprise. : On the Republican side, to which the big machine apparently paid little attention, voters seemed to remember the darker side of former Sheriff HarrcII's record and forget that he did clean up a despicable Collinsville road situation without having a handful of signed:complaints waved before his nose. A man who listed experience as a state patrolman (state police raided two Tri-City gambling dens a few years ago, remember?) defeated Harrcll decisively, with backing of whatever machine can be said exists in the party. Marred, it might be added in passing, had committed the unpardonable political sin of cooperating with a Democratic state's attorney during two years of his term and of handling his properties after a fcd- Cnnfrncinr* Satiety * Alton's labor local and the Construction Employers Council arc to be congratulated on the Sane manner in which they carried on their negotiations, and on the reasonable outcome, A five-cent increase in hourly pay, in view of current living cost changes, appears to give the local members progress in increasing their intome, even if it can't compare with boosts m.nle during the more lush years when living costs indexes were rocketing. At that, the fact that mrtnl>crs of 'lie union continued to work through the negotiation period should assure that by )ear's end tlicy will probably have made more money than if they li.xl gone out on strike and obtained .1 higher Iwwsi. And this brings us to ihc most important point: There was no strike. The union apparently realized it had a responsibility to the community in keeping under way construction of new school buildings now being erected. Another community aspect is that the result should keep building costs from rocketing. \Vc may well hope to sec more negotiations carried on in this manner and with like results. <•* 4 ifr * rt- A 1 lorida waitress found and returned to the owner a wallet containing $750, and was given $5. A nice way to encourage honesty! Thank* to Primary Polls Official* To the judges and clerks of election, the Telegraph expresses its thanks for their cooperation in compiling the vote of Tuesday's primary dec.ion. Assembling the vote for the northwestern section of Madison County was a huge task. This was the Telegraph's share of reporting for Madison County. That task was made possible of achievement by the excellent spirit of the judges and clerks. The poll officials did an efficient job in counting the votes, and cooperated with us by telephoning the results to the Telegraph office. Although the vote at a primary is smaller than that at a general election, the job of reporting the vote is as great, or greater, because the results of two parties must be compiled. fly their fine cooperation, the judges and clerks made it possible to announce results at an earlier hour, and to transmit the totals to Edwardsville, and later to the Associated Press for inclusion in the statewide totals. The Telegraph extends Us gratitude to the judges and clerks of election. » «• if it 4 When a wife understands her husband, that's when he's likely to think she doesn't. Side fflaficns n 9 u ti mtmn cral tax judgment against the cx-prosccutor. We can hope the surviving candidates, as they square off for the November finals, will see tilt- desirability of enunciating clear issues, and keeping them clear—as Paul Simon did with such a degree of success. Pearson's Merry-Go-Round McCarthy's Votes Favored Reds WASHINGTON — On Dec. 15, 1950, I lunched with Frank Stunton, president of the Columbia Broadcasting System during which he appeared enthusiastic about a sponsor's proposal to use my radio-TV program on his network. Later that same afternoon, Sen. McCarthy delivered » speech against me from the libel-proof safety of the Senate floor demanding that my sponsor cancel, that newspapers drop the column and that no radio network use my services. After that, Stanton sent word officially that time could not be cleared for a program by me, though unofficially it was made known that Edward R. Murrow, CBS vice president in charge of news, was really the man who had emphatically turned thumbs down. From this background, 1 watched Sen. McCarthy's TV castigation of Ed Murrow the other night with more than usual interest, understanding, and I might add, sympathy. It seemed to me that McCarthy did a more effective job than the anti-McCarthy critics gave him credit lor. He had, of course the help of some of the best hucksters along Park Avenue" Two ad-men from the f a m e c BB.D. & 0. Firm helped him prepare the film, though the> did so without the knowledge ot the firm's head, Bruce Barton Carl Byoir, prewar public re. "lations man for Nazi Germany, also helped. And the film which resulted can be shown and re- shown by McCarthy all over the "USA with no chance by Murrow for rebuttal. Soviet Expansion What McCarthy very cleverly did was adopt the old Stalin technique that any man who was the enemy of Stalin was also the enemy of Russia. McCarthy's enemies likewise, were the ene. mies of the i'SA, ergo Murrow U'ing an enemy of McCarthy Is responsible for the growth and expansion of the Soviet Union Now it happens that Murrow has done a great deal to warn of the expansion of the Sovie Union. It also happens lhat McCarthy has helped rather than hindered that expansion. For if there is any one man in the U.S. Senate who has indirectly voted for the growth of Soviet Russia and directly helped those expansionist objectives it is Joseph R. McCarthy. ; SU'CartUy 1 * llecoril \ Tills, J recognize, is a state- fliejlt Which will make McCarthy •ympftthtem see red. But look at the black-and-white record of the Sena- 1. The Communists vigorously I opposed the Marshall Plan to strengthen f r«. e nations of Ku- "ope. McCarthy repeatedly voted against the Marshall Plan. 2. Tho Russians have spent millions of rubles to build powerful jamming stations to block the Voice ot America. McCarthy's reckless heckling of the Voice of America did more to undermine it and weaken Its influence than all the Russian rubles put together. 3. McCarthy's first crusade In the Senate WHS lo accuse American Army officers of torturing Nazi prisoners who shot down 150 defenseless American prisoners in the Mulmedy massacre. McCarthy's Inflammatory nnd reckless speeches were not only inspired by a Communist agent, but were so played up by the Communist press that millions of people slill believe the American Army was guilty. His false, unl'iiir charges seriously hurt American prestige and the U.S. military government in Germany. 4. More than anything else the Kremlin would like to undermine (lit,- morale ol the U.S. Army, Judging from McCarthy's Malmctly attacks and his current heckling of the Army lit- is succeeding win-re the Communists failed, 5. The Kremlin would also like- to undermine the American diplomatic service. No single person has contributed more toward that goal than McCarthy. * 6. Moscow would like to encourage isolation in tln> USA, make the American people apathetic, discouraged, resentful toward the rest ot the world. Thai is the kind of an atmosphere Prayer for tor who eusnt so much time the otter evenjpif &&rauig of .Soviet Our Father, because we have sinned and done that which is evil in thy sight, our hearts are heavy and the loud seems to be more than we can bear. So forgive us, we pray thee. Hiot out our transgressions and remember tiiL-m against us no more. \Ve believe that thou wilt grant Ihis prayer. Already the load is lifted and we are whole again. We pray in the name of Him who hast promised forgiveness to all. Amen. - John W. Rustin. Nashville, 1'enn., minister, Belmont Method dist Church. (Copyright, l»J4, foal UjOl Syndic^, toe,) In which Soviet expansion can continue with no risk of intervention from an aroused American public. Apathy Iliilpn Moscow Unfortunately tho constant harping by McCarthy on the alleged mistakes of American diplomats, of the American Army, of our Allies, has induced such an atmosphere. For instance, in l!)t.X, when I suggested democracy letters to Holy during the Italian elections, an average of 1,1)00,1)00 letters a week crossed the Atlantic. The American embassy said they played an Important part in defeating the Communist Party. Hut lust year when I und others proposed the same letter to Italy, Americans were disinterested nnd discouraged. Only n trickle of Ictlcrs resulted. The Communists won heavy gains. Anrl Soviet expansion, which McCarthy talked so much about, hud scored a significant victory in a country which is all-important to the Vatican and to millions of Americans of McCarthy's religious faith. Throe years ugo the Crusade for Freedom and various Americans including this writer, launched a hnrrugt- of freedom balloons into CVccho.slovakia ami Poland, dined at doing exactly the thing McCarthy talked about -discouraging Soviet expansion. The balloon's leaflets -11,000,000 ol thorn- told people behind the iron Curtain that the American people had not forgotten them, encouraged them to resist Soviet rule. That campaign took thousands of dollars and months of hard, exhausting work - a lot more work i nun m a k i n g a f e w speeches. Judging by the burst of Communist abuse behind the Iron Curtain, it got results. But today, American discouragement and disunity, stirred up by McCarthy, have made it Increasingly difficult to raise money lor the Crusade for Freedom or to launch other volunteer moves to stop the Soviet expansion aboul which McCarthy talks so glibly but encourages -by his Soiiiite voles. ] Lenin, th? master mind of So- j viK Communism, omf said: I "When Iho American bourgeoisie ! lose their heads, arrest- Ihous- | mills of persons suspected of bol- ! shi-vism and create HU atmos- I1 >lu>re jf panic in spreading alarming rumors about bolshe- \ik plots, we can oow to und i thank the capitalist. They are ' working for us." l^enin died before .McCarthy became a household word in the USA But doubtless U-nin would have chuckled prophetically over McCarthy's tallies were he alive today. (Copyright, 1994, B»U SynOicat* 1-itf t. M. *M. u. * PM. M. ' top. 1H4 I "George won't like this now hat — he'll sny it's not enough for the monoy! His idea of a bargain would be a sombrero!" Woman Sex Of Future Is New Outlook n.v HA i, novi.r, NEW YORK ;P-The other night I heard a man sny rightful loud that, if he ever had a chance for a second life, ho would prefer to re(urn to out-Hi ns n woman. This sluriled mo. Being n woman has always seemed to me one ot those unlucky mishaps in life, lhat happen to about half the population. When I hear « woman bragging about how she enjoys womanhood, I figure she's just being n good sport and Is trying to put her best face forward and make the most of n raw deal. But for n man to want lo essay iho role of woman! Outlandish! Would a dog want 'o he a cat? "Why"'" 1 asked this male traitor. "Because woman is the sex of Ihc future," he said. "And anyone who wants to keep in step with the times would, if he had n choice, naturally prefer lo be a woman, "This Is the twilight ot the American male. Men have been going downhill over since they quit packing swords and started carrying umbrellas. "In two centuries man has de- general cil from cock-oM he-walk to n serville lackey to a lady. Women control so much of the world's weallh today that five out of six husbands have to borrow busfare from n woman even to go to work in the morning. "In another generation at the most the process will be completed. Then only ignorant people will bo men. But Ihey 'won't be really men; (hey'll be abject prisoners. Worse even—slaves." "Just how do you figure lhat out?" I uskcd. "Well," he replied. "Let's look at what Is happening. In the old days a man came home tired and hungry and looking for peace. His wife was all worn out, too, from luting in firewood, doing the washing, lugging water from the well, feeding |ho kids and slopping the plus—and maybe even milking a few cows, "Both husband ami wife were too exhausted to pick on each other, and marriage was a draw." "You mean it isn't now?" I murmured. "Anybody with any sense knows it isn't," ho re-plied sharply. "Tho husband still comes home all worn out from work. But the housewife has so many gadgets to lighten her lahor that she still has some fight left in her at nightfall. This gives her a big eilgo in an argument; Hie husband simply doesn't huvo the stn-ngth loft to defend himself." Alligators aro found only in Hie southern I'uited States and southern China. Lists Events In History of Oppenheimer Hy .IAMKS MARLOW WASHINGTON A 1 — Except for two Iliifif") the investigation of atomic scientist Dr. J. Robert Op- penhcimer—to determine whether he's loyal or a security risk—might have yone on quietly to the end. Now York newspapers heard of the investigation and broke the story ot his suspension. And Sen. McCarthy (R-Wls), who a week «RO hinted about dirty work on the hydrogen bomb, has jumped into the case with both feet. Here are the evenls up to now: April 27, 1953. President Eisenhower issued his security program covering Rovernment employes. Even though an employe has been Investigated before, he must he ro- invesllRated if there's substantial (IrroRutory information about him. There was such information (i bout Oppenheimer, a consultant to the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and head of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton. During the war he was chief of the scientists who developed the alom bomb. Since then he has been an AEC adviser. Juno 5, 1953. The AEC renewed ils contract with Oppenheimer. July 3, 1953. Lewis Strauss became AEC chairman, know of information about Oppcnhelmer. July 7, l!)r>3. Strauss decided Op- penhnimcr no longer could keep secret documents. Investigation was begun. November 1953. Justice Department told President Elsenhower about Oppenheimer. President said "blnnk wall" must bo kept between him and secrets until investigation cleared him or ousted him. Dec. 23, 1953. Maj. Gen, K. D. Nichols, AEC's general manager, wrote Oppenheimer that, because of material in his file, he was being suspended as security risk. Nichols said Oppenheimer could get a hearing if he wished. Nichols cited 16 charges, on most of which Oppenheimer had been investigated before. Most of them accused him of Communist affiliations and friendships before and during war. Oppenheimer had pre- v I o u s I y acknowledged and explained most of the charges. He luid not been dismissed. Nichols added one that seems new: that Oppenheimer deliberately tried to delay this country's development of the hydrogen bomb. March 4. lifrl. Oppenheimer wrote Nichols saying he wanted a hearing to try to clear himself. Oppcnheimer wont back over ex. pliinaUon of I ho old charges, denied he hud ever been a Communist party member or delayed hydrogen bomb development. April «, 195-1. McCarthy replied on television to criticism of his tactics by Edward R. Murrow on March 9 TV'show. With no visible connection to Murrow, McCarthy usUed: "If there were no Communists in our government, why did TOOMCRVILLB MILKS By Fontaine Fox HOPERN TEEM A&E TECHNIQUE HAP NO IPEA KENKY , ' Dm. id Lmvrence 0 p penheimer Released Own StorvTuesdav « ./ WASHINGTON. April 14. Th" strange rasr> of Dr. J. Robert Opprnhfimer, leading atomic sr-icnfi«f, who has br>en formally ^lisppndcd by President F.i^n- howrr nnd thf Atomic Energy Commission from arfpss fo classified material pending a sludy of his security status, illustrates better thnn millions of words nf debate or television pictures what H difficult problem the government of the United States is up against nowadays. On thn one hand, the congressional committees are assailed as unfair and as engaged in "witch hunting." and the cry is heard lhat every man must be considered innocent until proved guilty. Hut, on the other hand, affiliation with the government is not a right or privilege and employes can he ruled as security risks merely because there- is reasonable doubt as to their eligibility to remain in the government. It is not a court procedure at all. At Ibis writing, nobody knows whether Dr. Oppenheimer is or Is not a good security risk for continuing as a member of the Science Advisory Committee under the office of defense mobilization. His file has been under review for some time, and his .suspension took place in December 1953. In accordance with the rules of fair play, the Eisenhower administration didn't publicize this fact. It refused to be a party to the arousing of public suspicion, since it was not prejudging the case hut. was dealing with it confidentially and in an orderly manner. Then how did it get into the headlines? It came from the Oppenheimer side. Selected newspaper reporters were given all the documents and the right to publish them Tuesday morning. Tho all-important fact that the initiative carrie from the Oppenheimer side—probably his attorneys-was not disclosed in the press in the articles on Tuesday morning. The Atomic Energy Commission, however, promptly Issued a statement, declaring that it had sought to "protect the privacy of individuals appearing before its personnel security boards" and that "departure from this practice in this instance is only due to the fact: that Dr. Oppenheimer has exercised his privilege of milking public an account of the matter." Why did Dr. Oppenheimer decide on full publicity? It is often done as a device to forestall an attack, and perhaps -in this case (ho hint given by Sen. McCarthy in his television speech last week —without mentioning any names —that (here was something mysterious about the delay in deciding to make the H-bomb indicated that maybe the Wisconsin Senator himself was going to blow the lid off. Hence it may have seemed better to get all the documents out first, with the Op- pcnheimei' version given sympathetic handling in the press. It could be that the speech by Sen. McCarthy had no relationship to the Oppenheimer publicity effort to argue the case in advance, yet the effect was to link the two in public speculation. The situation is by no means clarified yet, and the strategists who advised Dr. Oppenheimer may find in the end they made a mistake in forcing the case into the open before all the facts had been gathered and the investigation had been completed. So far as the public is concerned, it. now will want to know not so much the details of the "derogatory information" in the file of Dr. Oppenheimer — as the phrase is used by the Atomic Energy Commission in its statement -but the reasons and motivations for some of the curious recommendations of policy made by the scientist. In the top councils of the government, for example, he opposed the strategic air command concept of the U.S. Air Force and delved in military strategy. He opposed the use of bombs as a "deterrent." He argued for more disclosures to the world of atomic data, and he was opposed to the development of the H-bomb. A restatement of Dr. Oppenheimer's views now becomes more important than ever. The whole episode illustrates why it isn't so easy to dispose of security questions without a lot of background and why publicity isn't always the fault of the congressional committees. (Copyright, 1BS4, New York Herald-Tribune, Jne.l \vc delay 18 months our research on the hydrogen bomb?" April 7, 1954. Eisenhower, asked about McCarthy statement, said he knew of no delay in H-bomb program. Former President Truman said there had been no delay. Rep. W. Sterling Cole, chairman of Congress' Atomic Energy Committee, said there had been discussion whether it was wise to rush into full-scale work for perhaps three months, between September 1949 when the Russians tested their atomic bomb' and Jan. 31, 1950, when Truman oitlered go-ahead on H-bomb. Cole said he saw nothing sinister in this debate involving AEC members, scientific advisers und the National Security Council. April 12. 1954. Panel set up by AEC began considering Oppen- lieimer's case. 25 and 5O Years Ago April 14,1929 The 150-foot span of the east half of the Klop- bridge on Rt. 160 being: built over the east fork of Wood River stream went into the creek at midnight. It took with it the derrick, a tractor, and other tools and implements, that had been usnd in an effort to hoist the bridge which had earlier settled four feet. George Mnguire became the sole owner of the Purity Bakery. 701 Henry St., when he purchased the interests of his two former associates, Frank ami Al Gerard. Two unmasked men held up the Latix market at. 2900 Hrown St. and stole $69 in rash. L. L. Harrod of Wood River was elected president, and Fred D. Owens of Wood River and Kl- nu.T Hart of Hartford were elected members of the Hoard of Education of Wood River-Hartford elementary district No. 104. Justice of (he Peace Henry P. Beneze and Mrs. Hertha Gilleland were married at the parsonage of the Evangelical Church. Two students at Shurtleff College and members of its debate team, were bid to membership in the Illinois Lambda Chapter of Pi Kappa Delta, national honorary forensic fraternity. They were Marjorio Bcnner, Alton, and Melvin Elliott, Wood River. Election of the Rev. A. W. Kortknmp as superintendent of the Illinois State Council of Assemblies of God meant that he would resign his pas- lor/ile at Die Gospel Tabernacle on Spring St., after a year and would devote his full time to his new work. Kortkamp had been pastor of the church for 13 years. The new class to be instituted for Alton Chanter, DcMolay, was t<5 be .the D. C. Richardson Memorial Class, with 60 members. With a margin of 185 votes in favor of Thomas Ikitler for mayor, rumors were afloat that William Wilson, runnerup, planned to file a recount. Wilson had refused a definite statement in regard to the question. The city garbage contract, which was authorized at the recent elections, would be for two years service. Proposals for the service were to be received up to April 23. April 14,1904 A meeting of the town board was fo b* called to consider allowing Town Collector JameS W. Smith, who had made a record tax collection, td keep a full 2 per cent fee for his work, or aboat $800 more than the statutory $1,500. SuperviSOt Elble said the board was advised that any portion of the 2 per cent fee unawarded to the collector would go into the road and bridge fund, whkh already had a large balance. J. Carl Stine, principal of Brighton High School, was defending a complaint by Alton Humane So* ciely of pupils being taught anatomy of, animals by dissection. He said the dissection was taught at Brighton in rommon with practice followed by the belter high schools."Dissection of two rabbits and I wo cats had been demonstrated, he Said, and he had assisted two boy students in chloroforming the two cats after school hours when ho othet *n> dents were present. Complaints to the Hitman* Society had averred the animals were chloroform* ed in the presence of class members. Police Chief Maxwell Said there would b« rigid enforcement at the city election of the rule that politicians must remain outside a 100-foot limit when electioneering about the polls. Chalk lines were to be painted at. 100-foot distances from all voting places. C. H. Venner, promoter of corporations that held the Alton water franchises, was reported to have made profit, of a half million dollars by sale of his slock in the C.R.l. & P. Railway after bringing a suit that would have forced the railroad's books to be produced in court. Programs were issued for the second annual County High School Meet, at Collinsville, May 6. Gold, silver, and bronze medals were to be awarded in each of 13 track and field evenls. Waller Stillwell of Moro was to pitch for the Ft. Smith, Ark., team, and had left to join th« club. Norman Flags of Liberty Prairie was her* to call on counly board members in support of his aspirations to be elected board chairman. Cost of the town election here had been $696, said Supervisor Elble, Dr. Frank Snedeker, ah osteopath, opened an office here. He was a son ot the late O. A. Snedeker, state representative. Robert S. Allen Reports U. S. Blooms, Booms DALLAS— After eriss-crossing the county for 2,000 miles, it can be reported that the business downturn which began last summer has come to a halt. More workers are being hired than fired. Especially in the steel and metal fields, in fabricated metals, in transportation equipment, food, tobacco, textiles, paper, a hundred types of •manufacturing — and, of course, oil, chemicals and electrical equipment. It isn't only Dallas and Texas which are booming. Certainly, they've just raised wages and benefits at the huge Chance Vought aircraft plant here. But some Detroit auto companies and Cleveland steel mills are rehiring as well. Manufacturing employment is up in Mississippi. Kansas "non-farm" employment hasn't dipped— despite cutbacks in aircraft production there. The same story can be told this week of a dozen other states. In all, loss than 55,000 were laid off in the past month. Many were rehircd. So the national employment figure svill be well above 60,000,000. True, these are random reports. But they're typical of what's happening. It may be temporary — but many parts of the country are booming as well as blooming these early spring days ... States' nights Debute It will be the Junior Senator from Arizona who'll make national news in a .few weeks —by starting the third great debate on states' right in this Congress. Sen. Barry Goldwater plans to rise as soon as discussion starts on President Eisenhower's demand for a new labor law. The Senator will introduce a resolution which, in effect, will give the states power to handle peaceful strikes affecting inter-state commerce as well as emergency strikes. There have been little-noticed Supreme Court ruling which have nullified the states' power even in "emergency strikes". These decisions also now prevent the slates from regulating peaceful, non-emergency union stoppages at companies dealing in interstate commerce. This was the effect of the now famous Garner Case in Harrishurg, Pa. So Goldwater will introduce a resolution to negale these Supreme Court decisions. He will be fought by New Deal Senators with New York's .Herbert Lehman and Minnesota's Hubert Humphrey in the load. And thus the third "states' rights" debate will start—tidelands oil and the Brickcr Amendment having gone before. The score so far is one- all. Tidelands wfln and Sen. Bricker lost. . . Crline-IiuNttng By the year's end, it will be shown that the Federal government's crime-busting agencies, Grand Juries, special prosecutors and Congressional committees will have spent just about $1,000,000 fighting underworld infiltration into certain unions. It will also be revealed that much of this probing has had the cooperation of the AFL's national office—since Genrge Meany took over as president. It will be disclosed, too, that in several big cities on both coasts, the Communists' undercover apparatus and the underworld have worked together for years, especially on the narcotics front. . . When the underworld mobs controling waterfront longshoremen's locals on the East Coast realized that the'half-billion dollar strike of the Port -of New York was iqst, they met and decided to see which of the nig labor federations would give them the most for moving in with their 40,000 waterfront workers. Last weekend some of them approached CIO. ' Others tried the AFL, and still others bargained with Denny Lewis, who spoke for Brother John L., who was still recuperaing in Florida. The mobs were rejected by the AFL and CIO, But some leaders of both AFL and CIO are negotiating with the Jew clean locals and officials left in the independent Longshoremen's Association. The odds at this moment are that the old Longshoremen's Assn., ousted after 65 years in the AFL, will soon splinter into several parts— with the clean locals divided between the CIO National Maritime Union and tne AFL. (Copyright, 1954, Alton Evening Telegraph Published by Alton Telegraph Printing Company P. D COUSLKY. Publisher and Editor. Published Dally. Subscription Prlc* 30 cenls weekly by carrier; by mall SKI. (io a year within too miles; ¥14.00 beyond 100 miles. Mail mibscTlption not accepted In In lowns where carrier delivery la available. Entered a* second-clans matter at tht post office at Alton, 111. Act ot Congress, March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. The Associated Press Is executively entitled to the use for publication of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited lo thin paper nnd to the local news published herein. Local Advertising Rates and contract information on application at the Telegraph business office, 111 Eait Broadway. Alton. III. National Advertising Representative, W • » t- Hollday Co.. New York, Chicago, Detroit. Questions Answers A reader can get, th* answer to liny question of fact by writing The Telegraph Information Bureau. 1200 PYE ST., N. W.. Washington S. D. C. Please enclose three 13) c«nta for return cottage. Q. Are more than two yolks ever found in a single egg?— J. McA. A. In 1953, an egg candler In Wisconsin found an egg with five yolks. This is believed to be the first such egg ever reported, Q, Mow many different organizations took part in the 1953 conference on space travel in Switzerland?—T.K. A. Seventeen organizations, including some from the United States, participated in the congress of the International Ai- tronautical Federation. Q. When taking a photograph from a plane, is it better to do so on the side toward the sun or away from the sun?—A.L. A. Away from the sun, if possible. When flying east, take a left-hand seat, and when flying west, a right-hand seat. Hold the camera close to the window, but do not allow it to touch. Q. How many nations of the UN have recognized the government of Communist China? C-B. A. Seventeen, out of the-tqtal 60, have accorded diplomatic recognition. All these recognitions occurred before the intervention of Communist China in the Korean War. ' "' MIRROR OF YOUR MIND By JOSEPH WHITNEY to change his mind about the advisability of his own. 'wife'« employment. If you ifcan't get competent help in taking care of the children, if different working hours are making you almost strangers to each other, or if other conditions arise to threaten your marriage, he might reason* ably feel that you should give up your career. Is there a definition lor alcoholism? Answer: Yes. The Committee on the Study of Alcoholism says the chronic alcoholic is one who uses alcohol to such an extent that it interferes wilh a successful life and is not able to stop although he knows its disastrous results. An excessive drinker uses alcohol frequently and in large quantjtes but is capable of overcoming the haoit when he has to. The heavy social drinker is frequently, even regularly, intoxicated but drinking is not 8 •eiioufi handicap to him. Do men change tnejr ideas about wofkiije wives? Answer; No, a mature husband is not likely to change his ideas about the propriety ol wives working, but unforeseen circumstances may cause him WM, KlOf f•UUNi Are delinquent children mentally ill? Answer: Some are, but most delinquent children simply be. have in accord with character traits they acquired very early in life; traits of resentment, dis. trust and hostility. They have little sense of conscious guilt or anxiety. Bertram M "Beolc gf the U.S. Children's Bureau says that for every delinquent, chjhj tb*r« ib some other child wtpw §uf» ferings are not otjvioys, qfon fion» form without attract^ f ttentipn and who may well ba sicker than the recognized

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