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PAGE TEN BWTHTO,L13, '(ARK.)' GOURTOR NTCWS Parachute Mine: Hi tier's Deadly War Weapon? WS'VC* ^™' "«* "f * «*"". - ~v —r— ,3. ™™,_« ^_^ „ „_„__ T ,___ ^ Engineers Bore Farm Under Surface To Assure ; Botpbproof Water Supply - By HARRY f;. FRIHMAN ., Unilcd Press SlafT Correspondent - GARDINER. N. Y. (UP) — An army or engineers, p:wdcr men nnd muckers bore and blast solid rbfk far under !!ic historic Hud- sou River valley to assure the nation's largest city an unfailing bombproof water supply. Their product will be n "hint ecrierete-liiicd tunnel lunnlreds of feet underground and stretching 85 mile.s from New York City to the Calskilbi. - The record project will cost $272,000,000 before clear waters of the Laekaivac reservoiv spill into it In 1944. Engineers .estimate also a sacrlllce cf 85 workers' live 1 , one per mile. In accidents despite stringent safety precautions. Tlili ly-thi'oc men have been killed in the two years the project lias teen underway. Too Deep for Bombs The subterranean conduit will be naturally bombprocf. Engineers arc pushing it through n thick blanket of solid rock at an average depth of 700 to 800 feet below the surface. At one point it burrows 1,551 feet bclciv the surface so thai New York householders may be certain of constantly pure water. Construction terminal crews at " the shaft here must descend 000 feel through a vertical shaft to rea'cli the tunnel floor. Three shifts of men -drill, blast and muck constantly, day and (light. Drillers push their chnt- tering bits 10 feet into the he«d ofithe 13',-i-fcet in diameter tunnel, Into the holes arc packed 250 pouH&'nf Wasting powder and dynamite. After the discharee, muckers load the crushed rock inttf small cnrs and trundle them through misty tunnel air to flic. shaft elevator for removal above ground. The crews can complete about three blasts dully. As work progresses simultaneously at bcth ends of the tunnel section, construction averages 'CO feet each 24 hours The Gardiner shaft recently celebrated a record drive of 80 feet C inches. Shafts to Converge Meanwhile, other crews push toward each ether Irom three other shafts scattered along the tunnel's right-of-way. Converging outfits expect to meet, each other hundreds of feet below Huson Valley villages, cities and fn:':ns in miracles of modern engineering. Plane drops light weioht, high explosive magnetic.mines Magnetic mines rise from bottom fo explode as Two of the forces "hole . through" under the Hudson River. The quota for the '-'lo'cfryHlmft TRY THIS FINE RECIPE i Nut Muffins Mix together three nnt) ; .•»• fourth cups flour ! . • . ' .• two; teaspoons baking soda '., ; Half teaspoon salt" : . '.'' Beat two eggs with one and a half cup brown sugar. . . Add two cups buttermilk and nuts. . . stir all together... You'll find them delioitc in texture and appetizing wh°n made with 'AT YOUR GROCER Parachute mines, believed Hitler's long-awaited of ship sinkings off England's east const. Photo-diagram shows how Nazi plnnes sow high explosive mines. Britain plans sea patrjus ami wooden sweepers to thwart war weapon. 1 ;, are reported responsible fov many these magn'euc, (heir action. the acrid! powder There Is no need for the company is 25,600 feel of cxcava- tkn to be completed in two years. The workers labor under normal atmosphere pressure with big ventilators supplying 'fresh air and driving fumes. high air pressure commonly needed in tunnel jobs fcr there is no mud lo keep out. Water seepage Is removed by piunjxs. All works connected wilh the tunnel arc closely guarded against sabotage. A planned "accident" might easily mean loss of scores of lives and thousands of dollars as well as time. However, despite Ihe size ok the gigantic tunnel-building task there will be few marks visible above ground. Only maintenance sheds at intervals will mark its course. It parallels, at points, New York's also large Croton and Calskill aqueducts. But unlike them, It Is Invulnerable because of its much' greater depth. Aerator At Kcnsico Most spcc'lnctilnr visible manifestation of Ihe project will be the great landscaped aerator at Ken- sico. Water at tlie rute of 1,200,000,000 gallons a dny will shoal Into the air frcm its 3,492 nozzles like a tremendous fountain. It will full back after absorbing its necessary quota of oxygen, tnlo a concrete-lined "lake" three city BRUCE CATION IN WASHINGTON blocks loi>g and one blcck wide. Still another crew of has .the job of ''killing" ami preparing for flooding Ihc nine-mile long valley which eventually will feed the system. Every piece cf living vegetation must be killed and every animal driven off, so far as passible, and ench homestead razed before waters of Rondout creek are impounded behind the big dam. Springs and wells arc being dried up. Nearly all the Inhabitants have moved to new homes In other sections of Ihe county. Some returned later to watch houses their ancestors built go- up in flames from the wrecker's torch. When completed liic entire project will boost Ne\v York's water supply nearly fit) per cent, calculated ' to be sufficient .for many years of expansion. By B1UIOB CIATTON Courier Ncsvs VYnEhluKlou Correspondent WASHINGTON, Dec. 7. — The important thing about the Chrysler auto strike • settlement, as some 61 the government's labor experts see it, wns an unobtrusive little provision that any complaints by the union regarding the speed cf production schedules are to be handled like niiy other grievances. II wns a row over an aliened "speed-up" that skirted the trouble in the first place. The union demanded n voice in determining the speed of operations and the management refused ts grant it. The point was left a trifle vague in the fmnl settlement; actually, however, leaders of the Labor Department's Conciliation Service believe that a formula was found by whic)) this thorny problem can be handled successfully in the future. AILUITIliVriON IS I'UOVIDKI! All Hint tlie contract says on the matter Is that the management will try to be fair in setting production schedules; that in case of complaint an investigation will be made, and that it this does not workmen bring n sn u s rn c tory settlement the The right to strike is still sacrosanct, as far as the attorney general Is concerned, but he is giving a good deal of thought lo the idea thai It might profitably be exercised a little more judiciously "KEAUTIES OF illKlHA'f ION" COME TO POKE As a matter of fact, a number cf the President's most trusted labor advisers are mulling over the same idea. You can hear more talk now about the beauties ol mediation and arbitration than formerly; and while It lias not passed beyond, the preliminary discussUn stage, there is some talk of extending and broadening the means' by which strikes arc averted or settled. If nt the coining session Congress should happen to deal harsh- tho National Labor Rela- ticns Board, this Old South Church Gets Complete Photo at Last BOSTON (UP) — For the first time in history, the complete facade, of the church where the Boston Tea Party was planned, has been photographed. Previously buildings had prevented photographers from gelling far enough away from the !church to include the ba.se and j steeple of the historic structure In one picture. But now a building facing- the church has-been razed, Blving camera enthusiasts n chance to "snap" It. matter will be handled like any other grievance, with an appeal board of two management representatives and two unlcn representatives empowered to make a final decision. In practice, this appeal board would have to call in a fifth person satisfactory to both sides if It could net come to any agreement; mid it Is expected here that that firth person would probably be a member of the Conciliation Service. EVERYONE LOSES, MUUT11Y BOTHERED Speaking of the Chrysler strike: It drew some caustic observations from as stout a friend cf organized labor as Attorney General Prank Murphy, who wondered out loud why it isn't feasible lo work out some system whereby ncsr:tiated settlements like the one which ended this strike can't be reached before the strike takes place instead of afterward. Mr. Murphy made the point that everyone lost money in this, the longest of the auto industry's strikes. probably ivoukl result in a definite program for action. One idea that has been advanced is tliat in the case of a long, stubobrn strike the secretary o'f labor .might appoint a special committee to investigate and re- pat. The committee would, have no power to do anything but report; the Idea is that the mere knowledge that such a report was to be issued as a formal government document would be a. p:wer- influence to settlement, since brlng about a neither side would care to risk being held up as unreasonable or stubborn. Rats N'ot Victims in Baltic SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (UP) — There was a nest of rats in the bnrn of Farmer Ernest J. Harvey near here. He went after them with a shovel. Harvey was treated In • police emergency hospital for severe ciils en his hand. The same day the hospital treated Mrs. E. Elllngcr for a .severe wound on her foot, nx. where she had dropped Read Courier News want ads. TERM I NIX TERMINATES TERMITES BRUCE-MEMPHIS ; Kj.v ... . f, : . -r. . - g^^*^|f>N MY CHEST-BUT lifoSNf'KIEP ME WAR&H The Philadelphia tot. 2600 specimens of 750 animals. They • arc snid longer in this zoo than other KO in the world. contains species of to live in any Seagram's 7 Crown Blended WhisVey. The Jlraight whiskies in. this product are 4 years or rnore old.:40% straight- vhis. ).ies, 60% grain neutral spirits. 90 Proof,-- - "I slopped being one of the polar-l.rarhoyslnst yciir. When (he. trees slice! llicir Iciivcs, I glicd my Slimmer iinilervrcar mid climb into comfortable HANKS mi<l,u c \i?i s hi WINTKK SETS." Gentlemen, HANKS middleweight \VlNTKH Sins lake the shivers out of Winter winds. Vet indoors, yon don't feel itchy ntul Imndlcd- iip. Ami the H.lMttKMr Ootcli-Gliard gives you gentle middle, support wilh ihe cunvc- m«ie« of a luiltonless fly-Prom. Choose one of t!ic AVivmi SKTslylcs.'Sce 1'. II. Hancs Kmlling.- Company, Wliiaioii-Salcni, iSVrih Cnrolimu HANES WINTER SETS 50c to 79c THE GARMENT THURSDAY, DECEMBER ife KUt Stall ClltMml StMt . SI,,,,, r.1 ,„,„ . HUNES HEHYWEIGHT CHAMPION 51 o'H"s I ?lc ij II KVirm n< .I;M. I, ,'„,-. j Mc-trnfth lr t *. I,,.,,,,,, .'lior/ alrr, r.«. Kriil I,, f,t trill, lull, n<- r ,,, a , r „•'" Vox ran l.r nntt rt-nrlt ri Seagram's S Crown Blended I lie straight vhisUcs iu i|,^ are -I> parser-more old. 27JiCl s'irSi v.lmkies, 72H% cram nciiir.i) sn.vf,. product 90 Prof Scagram.DisiiUcraCorporalioti.Ncv.- York. WM.R. MOORE'S Kiilm's While Russian Refugees Live In Cluster Ncarj Border nnAOOTSENKA, Mnnchiiklio i UP)—This town of 700 people, c i Hit! of a fanning region peo- 1 id by While Russians, Is n key- mi in Japan's defenses against let Russia. About 120 miles north of Hnllnr IK! le.v> than 40 Irom the Siberlnli I'der. Draeotscnka Is the center :i cluster of some 20 similar vll- v In wlilili about 7.000 former ( icks from Siberia and their <!c- iidimts live. Some of them came Iu before the Russian revolution ling better grazing land fcr il ii .ponies, while the majority, ( rist supporters, fled from Rusi at tlic outbreak of the ficvolu- n The Japanese have been woo„ tlieir loyalty in an effort 1.3 mild a civilian bulwark against •my future Russian invasion of the nyion. Government Owns Idml '['lie land on which they pasture heir horces and grow wheat, barley and vegetables is Bovernment- o'.viied. The inhabitant. 1 ! pay a percentage of tlieir pr-rducc to the itatc and better crop yields lire encouraged by giving the successful !amicrs larger fields to till. Women and children work in the fields. School ends in March to en:il)le the pupils lo help with the farming. Considerable dlssatisfaclion has arisen in seme quarters In recent years because of Japanese efforts to transplant some of the inhabitants to other areas so as to build up similar communities. However, such transplanted families arc gfv- rti new homes, furniture and cattle and arc freed frcm taxes for two years to encourage their migrations. The Japanese say the trans- working out other nearby iowii.s is extremely primitive. There is no electricity, 1 running water, sewage system or paved streets. Surveyors" are at wcrk, however, laying out a railroad line from Hailar, which undoubtedly will be constructed with strategic possibilities in mind. Czarist General Leader Titular leader of these Cossack refugees Is Oiorgi Matsuyelfski, a former lieutenant-general in the Czarist armies and more recently lurse breeder, chauffeur, railroad policeman and guard on a bus line. Scren Badacff, a 31-year-old Mongol, is the governor of the province and an able and intelligent individual. He was born in the Lake Baikal, region of Siberia and educated In: missfa'ni schools. He was made a .minor-government Florence Camp, above, the Hollywood blonde who was on Ihe receiving end of several of Bund Fuehrer Frilz Kuhn's love lei- tors, is a witness for the prosecution in Kuhn's trial on charges of stealing funds of the German- American Bund. planting process is successfully now. Life in this and employe in Hailar on Ihe establishment of Manchukuo seven years ago and has worked lip to his present position. However, like Mat- siiyeffski, he has little actual authority and takes his orders from tlie Japanese. Although its surrounding fields are unusually fertile and Dragot- senka therefore Is important Irom the agricultural standpoint, its chief value in the minds of the Japanese here is strategic. With its neighboring villages it is intended t;< serve as a buffer against any Russian attacks in this region in tlic Russo-Japanese war which In this country is believed to be inevitable. Its success in tliat role will depend on how completely the Japanese have won the loyaltv of Ihe - inhabitants and that question cannot be answered until it is put to the acid test. Anelent Tomb Uncovered MOSCOW (UP)—All ancient burial site lias been cits-covered in Georgia., ucar.Mtskhct. A stoneb:x found iu tlie tomb contained two glass vessels, n sliver buckle and ornament,-; for n belt, ssvcrnl thin golden plates from a burial' wreath and a Roman silver coin dating back I', (do time of Emperor Augustus. The most Important fo:U fish in (lie world is the herring. FREE DELIVERY 109 W. Main St. i'lione 15 Theic are 5,000,000 members In n single bird colony on Ihc Chin- cliti Islands, off Peru. These birds arc estimated lo eat 100U tons of fish daily. NU-WA laundry-Cleaners Phone 180 i. For Prompt Laundry and Cleaning Seryfct Phone 70 PRESCRIPTIONS Fr^hest Stock ;Guaranteed Best :Pricw Kirby Drug Stores Goiter is a disease of the thyroid gland. Salt manufacturers mid a small .quantity of iodine to their linlshed product and thus aid in preventing the disease. Call Us For Prices Before Selling Your Lee Wilson & Co, Wilson, Ark. replace your old- fashioned heating stove with a modern oil heater, be sure to get extra comfort as well as extra convenience. The Superfex Heat-Director, made by Perfection Stove Company, gives you BOTH circulating and radiating host, .\ttd •with the adjustable shutters you can direct heat DOWN to warm the floor, assuring comfort in the "living zone." Burns low-cost fuel oil. Wide choice of sizes. Beautifully and durably finished ia porcelain enamel. Easy terras. CO. Phone 32 "Quality, Variety and Values" es to tke head WHOLESALERS JUST TAKE one look at a 19-W Pontiac . n ml you'll know why motoring America acclaims it the style sensation of tlic year. From that sparkling front-end wilh its distinctive Silver Streak to the gracefully moulded trunk, it's got what it takes ti> be the Nation's Number One Beauty. And matching that beauty is infinitely more than you'd ever cxpcctat a price so close to the lowest: a rich and luxurious interior; added room born of Bro.icliray and Walnut added length and width; an engine that works miracles with every mile a.id every gallon of gas— quality throng!, and through! Here's a low-priced car that sicps you right up into the head of ihe "class."/Better go sec it today! AND UP •JtlhtrcJ al PmSut, Mid. Trmifar- tJ!htt tjtKt on rail rattl, tlatt •""''««' '•"" ('7 »»>), eplhiul tquitur.ta—tfWle iUt mil lira "rii trffefMritt—txtra, Pn'ftl tzljfct f$ ffanS? witi- tUmt'nt.GnmtMtttn ttrntt la ail yiitrfa nt. and EWformance LANGSTON-WROTEN CO. BlyllicHlle, Ark.