The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York on October 21, 1928 · Page 56
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The Brooklyn Daily Eagle from Brooklyn, New York · Page 56

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Sunday, October 21, 1928
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1 DAI 1A LACLE, JAI G'oTOliER 21, 1&2S. 18 D A 4 Boro Heads Queens Has Elected Driven From Office by Graft Scandals Or Go 'Curly' Joe Cassidy Caught Selling Supreme Court Nomination Joseph Bermel Fled to Europe as Jury Probed His Park Pur-J chase 'Larry' Gresser Re moved as Incompetent, Though Freed of Personal Guilt Now Connolly in Cell for Sewer Fraud. By FRANK EMERY. ; Maurice E. Connolly, his tubby fig ure clad in the drab gray habiliments . of the city penitentiary and sweeping out his eight-by-six cell on Welfare Island, is the history of the Boro ' Presidency of Queens arriving at its logical conclusion. Connolly was the fourth In order to occupy the Boro President's swivel chair in the ordinary loft building in Long Island City that is known as the Queens Boro Hall. He is the second of these compact, shuffling, ruddy complected bosses to be forced to doff his well-tailored suits for a prison uniform. His other two predecessors did not go to such lengths when they abdicated their rule of Queens, but they abdicated it quickly ! enough one by a boat while a Grand Jury was excoriating him and the other at the express invitation of Governor Dix. A Baneful Office. Queens has had four Boro Presidents since its consolidation with the Greater City in 1899; Cassidy, Bermel, Gressr and Connolly. It must be a baneful office. It has brought disgrace upon all who held it. The first of this worthy line was "Curly Joe" Cassidy, who appeared In the offing as a lieutenant of "Battle Ax-' Gleason in the memorable pay 90s of Long Island City politics. He succeeded to power on Gleason's death, and when the five boros amalgamated in Mayor Low's administration Cassidy nominated and elected himself as Boro President. Cassidy Was Frank. He was a heavy-jowled, blustering f.gure, with thick kinky hair and a burly mustache a self-made man. He was always in step with the late Croker of Tammany, and no doubt each learned much from the other. Cassidy had a palatial summer home In Rockaway, a yacht and a stable of racehorses, and was pleasingly frank bout his mission in life and politics. -What are we here for?" he would sk inquirers who wanted to know where all his spending money came liom. , . , If there were any major scandals In the Cassidy administration thej were not 'such that the Governor was called upon to remove him. His opponents in Queens noted that most of the Long Island City bartenders were on the Cassidy payroll as inspectors or foremen, even if they were never seen without their white aprons, but that was hardly a scandal, much less a crime, In those days, Lone Island City being what it was. "Curly Joe" took good care or his friends, and when he came up for re-election in 1901 there were enough of them to push him through. Bermel Delivered German Vote. Among these was one Joseph Bermel a stolid German with anothei flowing mustache who had piled up a competence in the marble-cutting business and sought public life. He had been indicted, tried for and acquitted of a fraud as Supervisor of the eld town of Middle Village in the pre-ronsolidation days, but the German element was for him anyhow. 'Curly Joe" dangled the Commissionership of Public Works before Bermel's eyes and Bermel delivered the German vote to his ally. Bermel Ambitious. All went well in the Queens Boro Hall for a couple of years. There was one of "Curly Joe's" henchmen on the pavroll as bossing every two city employees, it was estimated by his opponents. But Bermel. like Cassius, was ambitious. He sought to impress, on Cassidy in 1904 that it was Cas-cidy's turn to step out and Bermel s turn to become Boro President. Cassidy decided otherwise and renominated Cassidy as the Democratic candidate in 1905. Queens politics being what Queens politics ore, Bermel hopped over to the Republican party, which rewarded him with its Boro Presidential nomination. And the stolid, chubby German took with him his following ot the German voters and a number ol Cassidy's best hand-picked hencn-men. When they got through count-in" the votes election night the fighting Irish boss had been swamped by the persistent German. A Careless Moment. Cassfdy, though, was only down, not vet out. He came back a few years iater when a scandal, the expose of which Cassidy r.ppeared to have a hand in. blighted Bermel in 1908. True Curly Joe s" ambitions to come back a? Boro President were not quite realized, but he had the reins of the county Democracy. He rode high with them until in a careless moment in 1913 he was caught in the act ol taking $25,000 in currency for a Supreme Court nomination. "Curly Joe" was then m a Jam where his carefully put tosether machine could not save him. He had gone to Brooklyn to have the mor.ev delivered to his person, and so it fell to the lot of District Attorney (now Supreme Court Justice) James c. Cropsey to prosecute him. Cropsey won a conviction, and Cassidy, who had alwavs affected a frock coat, doffed it for Sine Sing's stripes. A lawyer named Wlllets. who was to have gotten the Bench nomination in the deal, went with him. But, meanwhile. Bermel was ex-periencin the dire influences the Queens Boro Presidency peculiarly seems to offer. He struggled along famously until 1908 when the city purchased some questionable Queens real estate for Kissena Park, and paid $7,500 an acre for it. It shortly appeared that Bermel's influence swung the deal, and that the former marble cutter had much to gain by it. An indignant Grand Jury ;ot out a sizzling presentation on the matter, but peculiarly forgot to indict. Governor Hughes sent down a Commissioner to look into the matter and advise him whether or not Beimel should be summarily removed fiom office. Bermel Goes Abroad. Bermel professed to be anxious for vindication. But the stolid German quickly discovered that his health to Prison for Crooked Politics "Broken" Boro Presidents Above (left to right) Joseph Bermel, Lawrence Gresser. Below (left to right) Joseph Cassidy, Maurice E. Connolly.' wasn't so good, or that Queens wasn't so good for his health. At any rate while Commissioner Ordway ua: marching into Kissena Park, Bermel, on April 8. 1908. resigned. The next day he was a passenger bound for Europe. It was not until all the in vestigators had pulled their oars and the Grand Jurors had gone nome that Bermel's health improved enough to return to Queens. The Aldermen were in something of a hole when Bermel pulled his freight, and they turned to his Commissioner of Public Works, Lawrence Gresser, to take the reins. The citizenry of Queens approved their choice on Election Day. "Larry" was a verv likable and seemingly hard working official, but it seems that the ward leaders and heelers of Queens lust had to impose on him, and Gresser couldn't do very much about it. Phillips Makes Bow. It wasn't long before the Gresser administration was up to its neck in a flock of petty scandals, including a minor one. Governor Hughes again sent his favorite Commissioner, a Mr. Ordway, to Queens to conduct removal proceedings. Gresser at least stayed around to meet the investigators. In the course of their probe, one John M. Phillips was introduced. He was a contractor who had through devious devices, such as repairing fictitious water mains, gotten funds from the city treasury. PhilliDs. it would seem, was Just a bright young man then putting in an apprenticeship for what was to come later. Ordway paid little attention to him. He cleared Gresser of any personal taint in the widespread graft in Queens, but nevertheless recommended to Governor Dix. who had succeeded Mr. Hughes, that the incum bent be dismissed for incompetency. Gresser retired a broken politician, to live in Rockaway. Connolly a Reformer. It was about this time that a promising and bright young man was looming on the horizon of Queens. He was only 31 years old and Mayor Mc-Clellan, upon the recommendation of many of the most prominent citizens of Queens, had appointed him a Magistrate. His name was Connolly, Maurice E. He was picked in October, 1911, by the Aldermen to sit in the fated chair in Boro Hall. Again, in the next election, the citizens of Queens ratified their Aldermen's choice. Connolly was, to all intents and purposes, a reformer, and he lost no opportunity to shout it from the housetops. He was, at least, an energetic Boro President, which was something of a novelty in Queens. Streets jere graded and paved, sewers dug, and buildings and homes sprang up all over Queens during his successive terms. He had the way about him of getting the city administration to appropriate large sums of money for his boro. and that made him a hit in Queens. He was triumphantly re-elected in 1915, 1917. 1921 and 1925. He had hardly taken office when came Cassidy's disgrace, and Connollv took over Queens politically as well as administratively. And then came Phillips, the "little fellow" overlooked in the Gresser scandals, with his big idea sewers. This was in 1917. Graft of Millions. This was the Connolly we saw at the beginning of the story in his cell. Now he is rotund and ruddy and u-nririln when he walks. The jury last week found that he had connived with Phillips and a minor engineer in his sewer cabinet, Frederick Seely, to graft millions from the Queens $29,500,000. sewer system built under Connollv exclusively with pipe sold by Phillips, from which the pic- tnresoue niDe monarch through number of circumstances the jury laid to Connolly was able to sell to Queens at a 700 percent profit. The jurors heard about Connolly scattering $1,000 bills freely around Queens in 1926, heard Connolly's feeble defense against the charges and noted his failure to explain his remarkable cash resources during the time the heavy money was rolling in to Phillips. So the 12 good men and true brought in their verdict, providing another "fadeout" in the shadow of jail for the unique political history of Queens. ZOO IDEA FOR BANKS. Exhibits at the National Business Show at Madison Square Garden dur- irif. thp ti'pplf nf Opt 1 inrlnHerl tho j recent adaptation of the Hagen- beck Idea of the cageless zoo to banking. Tellers' cages have been displaced by an ordinary walnut counter as informal as a fjocery counter. Dan Beard to Lead Scouts On Pilgrimage to Grave of Late President Roosevelt Brooklyn Boy Scouts and Sea Scouts and delegations from Queens and other metropolitan area councils will make the ninth annual pilgrimage to the grave of the late Col. Theodore Roosevelt next Saturday, Oct. 27, at Oyster Bay, under the leadership of Daniel C. Beard, National Scout Commissioner. The Sea Scouts will go down to Oyster Bay on the regional ship Theresa White. Brooklyn Scouts and leaders who intend to make the trip are to notify Assistant Scout Executive Joseph O'Farrell at the Council headquarters, 201 Montague St. unis pilgrimage to the grave of the late Theodore Roosevelt, who was one ft tcnicaif ieaueia ui ocuuuilg principles in the United States, wiil follow out the general program of visits in me past years. Special ceremonies and services will take place at the grounds. Aside from Mr. Beard. who will lead the entire group, there will be Scoutmasters and other leaders of the boys' groups to guide the Scouts. Troop 32, headed bv Scoutmaster Theodore Kenworth. attended the fu neral services tor First Class Scout Harold Sherwood of 278 Tompkins ave., who lost his life last week, at the Central M. E. Church. The services were read by the Rev. J. Lane Miller and the Rev. William C. Judd. The members of the troon. in full Scout uniforms with black necker chiefs, gave a last salute to their for mer fellow Scout before the casket was taken to Susquehanna, Pa for burial. A. J. Dillinger, commissioner of the Bedford District, announced the names of the neighborhood commissioners of his district. They are Noah Gold stein, 534 Greene ave.; A. S. Herzog, 281 Kingston ave.; M. P. Coon, 1073 Decatur St.; G. E. Jackson, 15 Alice st.; Homer Ladd, 57 Lincoln rd.. and Mayo Frerlch, 185 Prospect Park West. Groups of Boy Scouts and Sea Scouts attended the Military Tournament at Madison Square Garden held during the past week. On Monday night the Sea Scouts were particularly noticeable when they joined the Junior Naval Militia in the appplause for the Naval Militia units which took part in the review. Each evening throughout the week there are representatives from some troop or other from Brooklyn at the show. A number of the troops meet at the National Guard armories in Brooklyn. Halloween on Oct; 31 will be celebrated by various troops throughout the boro. Some of the Scouts are planning to take an outing in the wooded sections of the district or at Prospect Park. Scouts in this boro will have an Walt Whitman Memorial Statue for Prospect Park Approaching Realization With legal incorporation of the Walt Whitman Memorial Association to be completed this week, work toward erecting a statue in Prospect Park to one of Brooklyn's most fa mous citizens will definitely appro! cn realization. At a luncheon held last Wednesday at the Chamber of Commerce those interested in the project planned incorporation of the association and a campaign in raise $25,000 for the memorial. Contributions may be made bv the public, which wiil l:.Vr be solicited for small amounts. Louis Keila. who has made busts of the late President Harding, the Rev. Dr. S. Parkes Cadman and oth ers, is now designing a model for the memorial. He has spent the last two years making five studies of BROOKLYN'S MOTTO HAD ITS HISTORIC BIRTH BACK IN 1579 Eendraght Maakt Maght Had Origin in Coat of Arms of Prince of Orange. Brooklyn's official motto, if you don't happen tp know it, is "Eendraght Maakt Maght," and it dates back, according to Eugene L. Arm-bruster, in a thesis on the subject in the current Brooklyn Central, the publication of the Central Y. M. C. A., to the days of Peter Stuyvesant, the one-legged Dutch Governor of New York, and, before that, into the dim recesses of Latin scholarship of the centuries before that. . The motto is,-as any one with an eye for mottoes can see, in Dutch, and, literally translated, it means 'In Union There Is Strength," or "E Pluribus Unum." Mr. Armbruster digs Into history books and historical documents and finds that away back in the Sixteenth Century the progenitor of Brooklyn's motto was already in existence in Holland. It seems that at that time the Prince ot Orange had succeeded in uniting s number of the Dutch provinces under nis rule, and to commemorate his achievement he put the motto, in Latin form, on his coat of arms. In 1579, when the Union of the Seven Provinces in the Netherlands was formed, the motto was adopted. It read, in Latin, thus: Concordia res parvae crescunt. In this form the motto is, in fact, found as far back as 1556. Literally translated into Dutch, we have "Eendraght maakt maght," or, literally in English, "Union makes might" or "Unity makes might." Its presence in the Brooklyn seal in Dutch proves, says Mr. Armbruster, that It came here during the period up to 1664, before Nieuw Amsterdam nad become New York. There is one rather important issue which Mr. Armbruster raises as a result of his historical investigation. It has to do with the meaning of the Brooklyn motto. The original Latin on which the Dutch form of the motto is based did not mean exactly "Union makes might." Literally translated, it means "By unity little things increase." opportunity to further develop their knowledge of agriculture, horticulture, and botany by the turning over of two rooms of the new annex of me inuarens Museum for the exclusive use of the .boys. Nature training courses will be given for both Scouts and Scout leaders and exhibits will be staged in these miart.ers: Meanwhile Cornelius Denslow, nature instructor, is having nature experts lead the Scouts in field trips in Prospect Park and in rural districts to gen an insignt into the behavior of plants and animals during the fall season. Scout Marcus Hauenstein, who was the Brooklyn reDresentatlve t.n th i;ouncu on the Eastern States Expo- sition. n'nn turn first, nla.ac fn. u.,. exhibit in the art merit badge sec- UUIl. William Eichert is the district degree master for Fort Greene and Robert Briggs and Jack Weckerley are the deputy district masters for Bush-wick. The nominations of these men by K. C- Bates were approved at the last council meeting. Two Scouts were promoted to Eagle ranking and seven others were made Life Scouts at the council meeting, at which Justice James C. Cropsey, president, presided. Francis Scalis.",. 1'ioop lu7. anJ Robert Roughsedge. Troop 168. are the new Eagle Scouts. The Life Scouts are Isidore Kimmelblett, Troop 168; Isadore Monestersky, Troop 223; Bernard Hevens. Troop 97; Charles Dreyer, Troop 283; Herbert Bender, Troop 286; A. Brayshaw, Troop 21, and Aones Aschner, Troon 104. GIRL ADVERTISES FOR NEW MOTHER Seeks Mate for "Tall, Slim, Good Looking" Father. Munich, Oct. 20 (P) Fathers often advertise in German papers for suitable husbands for their daughters, but the case of a daughter seeking a new mother through the medium of the press is believed to be unique. The Munich Neueste Nachrlchten has the following advertisement: "For my father, tall, slim, versatile, good looking widower of 50, I wish to hear of a refined lady, with a view to matrimony." This modern matchmaking daughter is in a hurry about it, too, tor her advertisement goes on; "Am remaining in Munch only one week longer, so shall appreciate prompt offers to the office of this paper." Whitman, three of which will be in-corporated into the final conception A rugged base with four bas-reliefs-will depict Whitman's ideas. In the front will he leaves of grass with the poet's name engraved thereon. In the back will be Whitman's conception of immortality a dead branch a worm, a caterpillar and a butter.ly Clouds and a representation of roas and the sea will complete the motif Among the civic leaders who are backing the movement are the Re". Dr. S. Parkes Oadman. the Rev. Dr Alexander Lyons. James H. Post. Ralph Jonas. Alexander M. White Jr. Adolph Feldblum. Cleveland Rodgers, Clarence O. Bachrach. Rlchardsor Webster, Herbert F. Gunnison. Dr Oswald Sehlockow, John J Hayes, Harold B. Wess. Louis C. Wilis. Meier Stelnbrink, A. W. Levy and Bernard Bloch. Hidden Treasure Revealed by Is Group of Minton 3 Specimens of These three,pieces of Minton porcelain two vases and a plate are the work of the famous artist Solon, whose porcelain creations are the finest that were produced in the 19th Century, The decoration is of the pate-sur-pate type, originated at Sevres, and are in brilliant white on a dark blue ground. i Revive Drive to Connecting Brooklyn and Richmond; Mayor Sympathetic to Arguments for New Tube Boro President Lynch Urges That Jersey Bridges Will Increase Population of Staten Island So That Rapid Transit Line Would Pay, While Present Ferry Service Will Prove More Inadequate and Will Run at a Growing Loss to the City. . By CARL WILHELM. 1 The Brooklyn-Richmond rapid transit tunnel project, generally considered as dead, has lately shown new signs of life at City Hall due to the vigorous propaganda in its behalf by Staten Island civic associations. Boro President John A. Lynch, naturally, has been a persistent,' untiring advocate of that improvement, especially during the past year. His incontrovertible argument Is that all the boros excepting Richmond have shared In the benefit of the subway system, though Richmond has paid Us proportionate share of the cost. Mayor Walker is sympathetic. Chairman John H. Delaney of the Board of Transportation is on record as stating that plans for the con struction of the subway link between this boio and Staten Island would be given serious consideration as soon as the Nassau-Broad St. subway link (Manhattan), the last tunnel provided for in the dual subway contracts, was well under way or completed. This line is now being built. Would Expand Local Business. There can be no mistake but that the Narrows rapid transit tunnel is a proposition in which the merchants of Brooklyn are very much Interested. Richmond Boro has grown tremendously in the last five years, despite the inferior transit facilities connecting the Island with the other boros of Greater New York. Direct rapid transit connection with Brooklyn, It is believed, would give this boro the bulk of the Richmond trade that now gos to Manhattan. New York City is perhaps the only community in the civilized world "hich can show preliminary expenditures of millions of dollars on a great and necessary public work and the waste of all that money by discontinuance of the undertaking. This expenditure embraces a deep shaft on either side of the Narrows, and acquisition of land for terminals. That is what happened to the Brook-Ivn-Staten Island tunnel scheme. " "Since 1898, when Staten Island became a part of New York City," says Eoro President Lynch, "there have been frequent movements started and continued for a time looking to the building of a tunnel between our boro Caterpillar Club Soon Will Have Insignia - Washington W A gold caterpillar on a gold mulberry leaf mounted on a gold ring may soon be appearing on the hands of the 64 living members of the Caterpillar Club in this country, the organization composed of men who have saved their lives by lisps from planes or balloons. x The material division of !:'.:t United States Army is considering official insignia for the club. It will be mounted on a ring owing to the fact that the"? is no authority for officers, flying cadets or enlisted man in the military service to wear ornaments of this sort on their uniforms. Attention has again been directed to the Caterpillar Club with the jump made at San Diego by Lieut. Roger V. Williams of Spokane, who thus saved his life. Williams' leap was the 100th life saving jump in this country. Two Dayton, O.. newspapermen and M. H. St. Clair of the parachute unit at Wright Field are credited with having originated the club at the time .of the enforced Jump of Lieut Harold Harris in October, 1922. They got to discussing the future success of parachute jumping and decided a club should be formed oX tlioce men who survived the stunt. Barren Hillside Made To Bloom as Vineyard Knoxville," Tenn. (;?) When Richard Lobetti and his wife came from Italy to the United States, 16 years ago, they brought with them an extraordinary knowledge of grape culture. They settled on a barren Tennessee hillside, and today it is covered with row upon row of grape vines which produce 100.000 to 150,000 pounds of grapes annually. The 15-acre vineyard is operated by Lobetti. his wife, and G. Gorini. a. fellow countryman. Lobetti's methods are simple. The grapes are picked and placed in half-bushel baskets. A wagon of odd design ambles down the rows, is loaded with the baskets and driven back to the rear of the farmhouse, where the grapes are packed for shipment. They are sold in Cincinnati and other points, where better grades bring from 19 to 12'i cents a, pound. 19th Century Minton Porcelain Build Passenger Subway and Brooklyn. Undoubtedly one of the chief considerations given in the vote for consolidation was the belief that the Greater City would eventually cause physical connection to be made between all adjoining boros. so as to develop the sparsely settled regions, increase the assessed valuation of property and thereby the municipality's borrowing capacity for public improvements." Lynch Argument. In a report to the Board of Estimate, drawn up at the request of Mayor Walker, Mr.. Lynch makes the point that the Staten Island-New Jersey bridges now being constructed by the Port Authority (one of these spans is already completed and in use) will bring thousands of persons daily Into Richmond boro from adjoining States. "Many of these, after having traveled over the boro, enjoying the many miles of good roads and the entrancing views of the upper and lower bays from the high hills running through the center of the island, will buy property and build there. These new residents, however, would wish to be assured of rapid transit connection with the other boros, and the more certain the assurance was the greater the number of new property owners and new homes. Even a resolution of the Board of Estimate requesting the Board of Transportation to make surveys and prepare plans and specifications for the tunnel would set all this development in motion, and at the end of the construction period of six or seven years, when the tunnel would be put into service, a very largely increased population (of Staten Island) would be ready to use it." New Intcrboro Links First. This is interesting considering the stand taken by some members of the Board of Estimate that new traffic links between the city and adjacent States would be detrimental to the city rather than beneficial because it would mean many thousands of Venizelos, Grecian Premier, Says He Learned English While Under Fire of Fleet Athens. Oct, 20 .f) Eleutherios Venizelos is the e:;c-ptlon to the rule that statesmen, .'' .o-;'.-.1ghters. rarely come back. When onca cverTiVkr.lvgly defeated, statesmen often return no more to power; but Venizelos. now for the fifth time Premier of Greece and this time with a commanding majorityhas recaptured the ion-fidence of hi3 country. The Greek people in 1928 have restored to him the authority of which they deprived him in 1920 and given him a free hand without opposition. Foreigners write erroneously of Mr. Venizelos as a "very old man," but as age is reckoned in statesmen, this is an exaggeration. The Greek Premier is 64, and at 64 Gladstone in England, Bismarck in Germany, Clemen-ceau in France. Crispi in Italy and Pashich in Serbia had long terms of power still before them. Happiest at Work. His health is evidently much better than in 1924 when his fourth and brief Premiership of 24 days ended with a breakdown. For, no sooner had he recovered from an attack of the dengue fever which this summer has been devastating Athens, than he set out on a long journey to Rome. Paris. London and Belgrade, and meditates another to Angora. The fact is that like all active men, he is happiest and healthiest when at work; whereas, out of politics, he was forced to find scope for his activities In the task of translating Thucydides into modern Greek, he is now able to return to the more congenial exercise of governing Greece. Retired statesmen, even if they possess literary tastes, like Roosevelt, Gladstone, Lord Derby and Clemen-ccau. are rarely happy In their libraries. Like caged animals, they yeari tor the life of action, which is their natural occupation. This v. as probably not the least of the motives which persuaded Mr. Venizelos, de-( The Eagle in Museum Porcelain Decorated by Solon additional commuters who earn their money in New York and pay taxes in another State. Such traffic improvements have been earnestly urged by the Mayor's City Plan and Survey Committee, but the Board of Estimate does not seem much inclined to act upon these recommendations on the ground that new interboro links must come first. "Give me your reasons why this tunnel under the Narrows should be built and we'll look into it," said Mayor Walker, in effect, to Boro President Lynch. Here is his reply: "It must be apparent to any one who studies the situation that Richmond, the third largest boro in area of the city, can never take its proper place in the development of the city without physical connection of some kind with Brooklyn or Manhattan. A tunnel to Manhattan would have four and a half miles across the bay unproductive, while the Narrows tunnel would reduce this to two miles. For this reason a tunnel from Staten Island to Manhattan has never been seriously considered. . Would Increase l'opulation. "The people ' of my boro are primarily interested in securing a subway connection for passenger travel. The result of the construction' of the Narrows tunnel, with proper connections with the subways in Brooklyn and with the transit systems in Richmond, will be that the business section of Brooklyn will be brought into close relationship with Staten Island with a time interval of fifteen minutes from St. George. With a well-designed system of busses, which will be in full ooeration long before this tunnel will be completed, there can be no doubt that an immediate response in iorm of an increase in population and a demand for home sites will become apparent, and this movement will be ereat enough to cause an increase in values sufficient to sustain the debt to be created for the construction of the tunnel and place the boro of Richmond, with its 57 square miles of area and its 35 miles of water front, in a prominent position in the schedule of assets of the city." The Board of Estimate Is reminded of the fact that when all three of the Staten Island-New Jersey bridges shall have been built by the Port Authority and opened to the public, the present municipal ferry service between Richmond and Manhattan will be totally inadequate. Several more boats will be needed to carry the additional traffic. During the past year these ferryboats carried nearly 30,-000,000 passengers and more than one million vehicles. And with all1 this traffic the municipal ferry service to Richmond shows a deficit every year. Additional boats would increase this deficit, unless the city increased the rate of fare, which is quite beyond the realm of belief. spite his continued denials, to come back to public life. Learned English in Battle. For there is nothing of the academician about the famous Cretan statesman. He studied law, indeed, at the Athens University, and so greatly amazed Joseph Chamberlain, then visiting Greece, by his arguments in favor of the union of Crete with Greece that the British politician foretold the greatness of his Juvenile interlocutor. But his real education was ootalned in the storm and stress of Cretan Insurrections, on the barren peninsula of Akroteni and in the recesses . Therisso. He once told the writer that he had learned English, which he speaks accurately but which (as he says) he understands best when spoken by Americans, "while being bombarded by the British fleet" during the insurrection of 1897. ' - He had then to negotiate with th? admirals of the powers, so h? learned English out of a phrase book while the shells were bursting on Akroterl. His second marrlagn with thn wealthy Mile. Skylitzi, who was ertu-cated in England and a resident of London, completed his education in English, while dinlomatic French he talks fluently. He admires Anglo-Saxon institutions and especially Anglo-Saxon education, because it forms character, instead of aiming merely at the acquisition of information. For this reason he has supported the school on the lines of English public schools, founded by Mr. Anargyros in the Island of Spetsat. Visited lulled States. He has visited the United States, and at a recent luncheon was heard discussing the Negro problem with fluency. Alone of the eminent statesmen of the war, he is still in office. Wilson and Pashich are dead. Lloyd George not in power. Clemenceau is no longer a political factor. But he has undergone a new incarnation. The task lying before him is not, however, easy. The Greek Examples of Famous Pate- Sur-Pate Style of Orna-mentation Are Fine Sped ' mens of 19th Century v. Ceramic Artistry. Hidden Treasure Revealed Weekly Hidden treasures unearthed by The Eagle are to be featured at the Brooklyn Museum in an exhibition booth on the third floor. Every week one of these treasures, now hidden under the embarrassment of riches, will be selected for special display and The Eagle will give an account of Its history and merit. In this way the public, at present confused by the very wealth of the Museum's offerings, will have opportunity to view the treasures often passed over. , The Eagle's weekly treasure hunt at the Brooklyn Museum leads today to three pieces of Minton porcelain, decorated by the famous L. Solon, by process known as pate-sur-pate, which originated at the Sevres factory in France. These exquisite examples of 19th Century ceramic art will be fea tured all week at the Museum, which is open from 2 until 6 today, and from 10 to 5 on weekdays. Solon-decorated Minton ware Is the most distinguished of the 19th Cen tury porcelains. It is a happy com binatlon of French and English Ideas, the ware itself being English and the type of decoration French. Thomas Minton, back in 1793, had founded the Minton porcelain manufactory, anqi then handed down the business to hla sons. Many years later, after 1850, L. Solon-Miles, commonly known as Mr. Solon, introduced the pate-sur-pate style of ornamentation, which consists of painting figures and other subjects in white slip (liquid clay); on a colored porcelain ground. Translucent Effect. A thin wash of slip gave a translucent effect, so that by building up successive layers of slip, and then, sharpening the drawing with a modeling tool or rounding it with a wet brush, the artist got delicate gradations of color, all the way from a tint of the ground to a brilliant white. The process was invented by the Sevres artists around the middle of the last century, different colored1 porcelain clays being used as their medium green, blue, dark gray and black. Sevres, of course, was tha home of some of the finest porcelain that has ever been produced. Tha story of the ware includes a romantia account of the finding of real hard paste clay in France, without which a high quality of ware was impose sible. For 30 years the Sevres chemists searched France for the right kintf of clay, in order to make porcelain at wnne and durable as that turned out( in Germany and the Orient. Find Kaolin Deposit. Then, by accident, the location ot immense supplies of kaolin and pegmatite was discovered. Right in the center of France, at St. Yrieix, tha wife of a poor apothecary was found using balls of kaolin, in place of soap, for washing clothes. From the firs samples which the good housewife, turned over to the visitors, a little statue of Bacchus was modeled, and it stands today in the museum at Sevres the first piece of hard porcelain manufactured at Sevres. Following their great discovery the Sevres workers lost no time in making; use of the long-looked-for clay, and the beautiful Sevres ware resulted. When the pate-sur-pate form of decoration was invented it was carried to England, where many French artists were employed at the Minton factory. But of all who attempted) this form of ornament. Solon obtained far the finest results. The1 examples of his work-at the Brooklyn Museum are all done on a rich, dark-blue ground. There are two vases an a plate, decorated with classical figures in white a dazzling, frost-lika white, that is most beautiful. Gold and terra-cotta embellishments are also employed on handles and basej and the plate border. These striking pieces of porcelain are 55th in the list of the treasure unearthed by The Eagle at the Museum. Last week a small Ruben painting was found and featured with a story and photograph in last Sunday's Eagle. Novel Greenhouse Has Own Coal Bed and River Estevan, Sask. (P Near here, in the Souris River valley, Is, to be es tablished a novel greenhouse. Not Only will it grow flowers, potted plants and vegetables under the largest glassed-in space in western Canada, but its owners will mine on the greenhouse property the coal to keep its roses and carnations, lilice and all the other species of growing things blooming in the chill wintelt months, it is disclosed by the department of colonization and development i tne uanaaian Pacific Railway. ' The various units of the greenhouse will cover 160 acres of land and the enterprise has been incorpo-ratd at $400,000 under a Dominion charter, the railway states. R. O. Mitchell will head the new firm, which will ship its flowers and produce to all the markets of the Canadian west as well as many in the western United States. Through the property winds the oouris River, so there is not only cou! but water nt hand. According to Die report there are nine acres of cral land with a seam of good coal nine feet deep close to the proposed site of the central steam-heating plant of the establishment. Royalists hav! iiever forgiven him his opposition to King ConsUntlne; reduced to a mere handful in th Chamber, they ere still numerous i". the country, esneclally in the "old" provinces. The refuge? vl:e voted largely for the Venizellsti on Aug. 19 will be disappointed If all tliat they expect cannot be fulfilled "Liberated peoples," said Bismarck, "are not so much grateful as exacting." Besides, Mr. Venizelos will need first-rate colleagues, for he cannot do everything singlehanded. In foreign policy his special Job--Mr. Venizelos mav be expected to succeed. It Is in internal politics the! his chief difficulties will lie. 41 r1 i

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