12 A BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE, NEW YORK, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1933 Count Tolstoy Devoted Life to Honor Father Lectured Throughout Country to Interpret Ideals of Novelist Count Ilya Tolstoy, who died last Tursday at 68 In the New Haven Hospital, devoted his life to spreading the memory and interpreting the ideals of his father. Three days before the Bolshevik! regime began in 1917. the count came to this country to make his permanent residence. He led an active life, speaking from lecture platforms throughout the country on the Russian revolution iu the light of his father's ideas. He contributed constantly to periodicals from' his home in Southbury, Conn., but as an author he is best known for a biography entitled "Reminiscences of My Father." He Also wrote "A Tribute of Justice to. My Mother." and a book of short stories called "Visions." In 1926 he went to Hollywood to supervise the, filming of Leo Tolstoy's "Resurrection." Resembled Father His dedication to the continuance of his father's work Was made doubly impressive by the count's strong resemblance to the elder Tol-Btoy. He was over six feet in height, With a massive rounded head, a deeply lined and furrowed face, and t flowing beard. It is said Russian peasant women shrunk at the sight of him, thinking they were looking st a ghost. Count Tolstoy consistently denounced the Reds, preaching his father's gospel of passive resistance to the doctrines of the Bolsheviki and the Soviets. In one address he declared: "The passive resistance of the Russian people to the terrorism of the Bolsheviki is the most effective weapon they could employ to break down the present regime and establish a true republic, wherein is their hope of salvation." Like his father, Count Ilya placed his faith in the inherent strength of the Russian peasant. The Mir and Zemvsto, the old communal forms of peasant self government, had outlived the autocracy of tlje czars and would not perish in communism or Marxism, he believed. Barred by Butler The passive resistance doctrine was banned as dangerous by Columbia University, and a, situation which elicted much comment resulted when Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler upheld the head of the department of Russian literature in refusing to allow Count Tolstoy to peak before the International Club. In other sections of the country, the Count's lectures were well attended. He spoke at Harvard and Princeton, appeared in vaudeville in San Francisco, and was repeatedly honored at luncheons and dinners. Familiarizing his audiences with the spiritual progress and motives of his father's life, he charactertaed the novelist as "the greatest apostle of love in the 19th century." He called western civilization a failure and cited Gandhi as "perhaps the greatest man the world has ever known." In 1917, he advised the American people that Theodore Roosevelt would be a better person to head the delegation to Russia than Elihu Root. Count Tolstoy was born In 1865 on the Tolstoy estate. He received most of his education through private tutors and learned English when he was only 17. Advised by his father to devote himself to literature, he wrote short stories and joined the staff of the Russkoe Blovo, the principal newspaper of Moscow in the Czarist regime. During the early part of the war, he served as a correspondent with the Russian army in the Carpathians. Fled at Revolution He first came to this country in 1918 for a lecture tour of a year. But very shortly after his return to Russia, he fled as the Revolution was about to break. He married Nadina Pershina, a divorced Russian countess, in 1920 at Newark, N. J. Financial embarrassment, it Is said, caused the count to sell antique gems inherited from his father. Although he sympsV'iized with Lenin, Count Tolstoy condemned the five year plan, declaring the Russians were starving themselves to cary out its program. When Bernard Shaw came back from Russia en thusiastic over the Soviet government, Count Tolstoy remarked that Shaw saw Russia through "red goggles." Coffin Firm Claims Big Good Will Value That the National Casket Company's good will is valued at $1,500,-000 was revealed In the Federal Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania when the casket company brought suit against the United States Collector of Internal Revenue for a tax refund. In finding the casket company's good will worth a million and a half dollars the Court declared thRt "a corporation which has, by dill-gent, faithful and efficient efforts, over a long period of years, established a profitable business, has a value In assets much greater than its tangible property." The casket company won the suit. PRICES ARE GOING UP BUY NOW! WILL A CASH LOAN UP TO $300 HELP YOU DO YOUR XMAS SHOPPING? Loont to husbond and wift keeping house and having sufficient income to pay small monthly installment! WE ALSO MAKE PERSONAL CAM.. WHITE or PHONE BROOKI.TN !'' BRONX nvrc Hanson m.a -k. hm. r,m so rniunuM im., km. im (M itiiumatmrtiK StlrivfjH Hmk JttthjJ tOeer LUjyrtf rnnllniiti Kit . tjwtcwusc) XTtiUvl t-ttSt SUpveitk J-fi.lS? MANHATTAN 5 X1MA1J ST., PM. 201 . 47 W. Mill .ST., KJf. 41 11 W. 4!ni) t., RM. .126 MEctor M( Vlumtt 7-ltll - PKmivliunit t-Uti JUDEAN ARTIST Shulainith Wittenberg Laborers Love Art and Music Iii Palestine Aiii.st From Jerusalem Tells II ow Workers There Study (Hassles From Palestine, where ditches are dug to operatic arias, and laborers are said to digest Shakespeare with their lunches, comes Miss Shulamith Wittenberg, the first na tive Palestinian artist to exhibit in this country. Miss Wittenberg is exhibiting 3 Palestinian paintings at the International Art Center of the Roerich Museum, at an exhibit which starts today and will con tinue until Dec. '0. At the home of her aunt, Mrs. Fannie Miller, 1543 President St., Miss Wittenberg, her broad, dark face algiht with eagerness tells of the culture of the common laborers. Laborers Like Art "Laborers in Palestine are tremendously interested in art," she says. "They always crowd the exhibitions 0f painting. They attend the concerts in a body, almost. There are special rates to make it easier for them to go. "There are groups, who call themselves 'Workers' Theaters,' who rehearse plays, modern and classic, in their lunch hours, and after their work is through. Then when they can get the time they tour the farms, and the cities and give their plays. "And, of course, they read eagerly of the best. Stephen Zweig, Feucht-wanger, Sinclair Lewis, are their favorites of the moderns. They like Balzac and Shakespeare of the classics. Evening- Schools "Groups of professors go from farm to farm to give seminar courses to the laborers there. And for those who can go, there are evening schools for laborers, where music, and painting and literature are taught by professors who contribute their time. In this way only a minimum charge is necessary. "But, many of these laborers are not ordinary ones. A great many are the pioneers who came to build the country. A doctor friend of mine is a shoemaker, because in a new country, every labor is necessary, and important, and therefor honorable. And at first, often the menial tasks are more necessary than professional services." Speaks 6 Language Miss Wittenberg speaks her precise English in a soft, clear voice. She learned English, along with Ffrench, Spanish, Hebrew, iddish and Arabic, in Jerusalem, where she was born in 1907. She is the fourth generation of her family born in Jerusalem. A great-grandfather, who was a German Chir.stian, visited the Holy Land in a pllgrimmage to Palestine. So impressed was he by the work of the Jews, that he adopted the Jewish faith, married a Jewess, and settled there. Started to Paint at 9 Miss Wittenberg started to paint when she was nine before she had ever even sen a painting, for they were uncommon in Jerusalem then. To make it even more complicated, she painted a forest, which she had never seen, but which she used to love to imagine. She went to the Bezalel Art School the first established in Jerusalem, when she was 15. The paintings she has on exhibition are among the 53 she has com pleted in the past five years. She loves to do the street types an Arab reading to his comrades in a coffee house, a eminate servant girl of 12, a Jewish tailor sewing in the half light, a shepherd guilding his flock, Arab street boys. There are landscapes of Jaffa, An-tioch, and pictures of the poor quarter in Jerusalem, as well. To Paint Skyscrapers In the three months she has been here, she has been eager to get our skyscraprs with "their movement of light and darkness" on canvas. "It is not true, what they say that in America it is only business,'' she said. "Here you have the most wonderful exhibits I have ever seen. MMNS WITH INDORSEMENTS M'Aneny, Prial Offer No Ad vice As They Retire Former Says 'Utmost' Has Been Done to Keep Budget Figure Down Our modern Cincinnati, it would seem, prefer to go back to their plows without making any admonitory farewell addresses a la Wash ington. At least they do if they're financial field marshals like Controller George McAneny and ex-Deputy Controller Frank J. Prial. Both told he Eagle recent'y they had no ideas as to how the 1934 budget could be reformed. Points to Committee . Controller McAneny referred to the work of the Joint committee of the Board of Estimate and the Board of Aldermen of which he was chairman, which made recommendations to the Board of Aldermen on the reduction of the 1934 budget. The committee recommended saving between $3,000,000 and $4,000,000 by dropping vacant positions. "In the budget as it was passed,' said Controller McAneny, "the utmost of practicability was reached. Barring special legislation and salary cuts, I don't see what there is that could be done." The policy of administrations generally has been against further general salary cuts and it has been generally understood that the incoming administration would feel the same way about it. Nothing to Suggest "There is certainly nothing further I could suggest at this time," the Controller declared. Controller McAneny leaves office on Jan. 1. Ex-beputy Controller Frank J. Prial, the veteran deputy, who retired on Sept. 15, also had no hints to give as to possible economies. 'I Retired' "I retired on Sept. 15," he declared, "and for some weeks prior to that I was unable to attend the Board of Estimate meetings. I, therefore, had nothing to do with the preparation of this budget or with the conferences which resulted in the four-year agreement with the bankers. "I do not know what is in the 1934 budget and therefore am not in a position to state what if anything could be eliminated. "However, I read the report of the Joint Committee, of which .Controller McAneny was chairman, and I think he and the committee handled the situation properly." Africa Is Scourged By Tuberculosis Johannesburg, So. Africa (P) Dr. A. D. Pringle, one of South Africa's authorities on tuberculosis, says the disease claims 3,000 vic-times a year in the union. Xmas Sale mm Carat $ U. S. GOVERNMENT STOPS SMUGGLING By Lowering Tariff We are permitted to import our "rouith" Diamonds FREE OF lll'TY. Thin by flitting them here ourselves, and hv ttettlnjr; these diamonds in mountings made In our own factory, we eliminate every extra middleman's PROFIT. JUnnilr. mn our arent in (he Enropean' diamond renters nought our Xmas diamond requirement when prires were at ROCK BOTTOM. Come in Monday and Tuesday and pnr-rhase one of this new fot of One Carat firnuine Blue White Diamond at the VERY LOW PRICE OF ONLY SAR, set in exquisite, hand-made SOLID PLAT IN CM sett in. Written guarantee as stated below, PROTECT YOU FULLY. vSnHxl blue-white diamonds WE DO NOT SELL OFF-COLOR GRADES '119 '98 These diamond rn set In m variety of SOI.ln PLATINUM lad If.' uMllnii or SOI.ll GOLD himi'i rlnn. If Ton ran riiintlratc them for less, WK WH.I, RE-H'NI) VOI R MONKV. Certified (itarante rnvrrlnr WKIOHT, COLOR and QUALITY tiven with every purchase. It furlhir lain we will allow KI'LL PRICE Tli nalit any time within TWO YKARH tf tou drtire a larjor diamond. A KnuiU liepoiit Hill ' An ArliH Tilt .Viinn, OPFN DAILY FROM fl A. M . TILL II) P M. 7-jgaak-"' M npnOKLYN BRIDgTL lz Carat Carat Scolds Mothers Of Babies Born Prematurely j Can't Tell Them Any thing, Says Dr. Cou ney, Incuhator Expert The faster modern science finds ways to save premature babies from death, the faster modern mothers seem to have them. For the same swift pace which has caused such phenomenal developments in science in the past generation is causing more dis astrous developments in motherhood. Dr. Martin A. Couney, who brought the first infant incubator to America in 1898, who has operated his "Infant Incubator" in Coney Island for 32 years, and who has Just returned from Chicago, where he had his own exhibit of incubator babies at the fair, has mixed feelings about the chances of rearing a healthy normal child these days A huge, kindly, gray-haired man, who has made his love for babies his life work, Dr. Couney said at his home, 3728 Surf Ave: More Premature Babies Born "There are easily twice as many premature babies born today as there were 40 years ago." he causes? Dr. Couney lists them in his booming, kindly voice. "Well," he says, "in these days of working women, one of the foremost causes is overworked women. Then malnutrition, easy to understand in the days of depression, is another Hypernervousness caused by the strain of modern life is another. Feeding on delicatessen lunches is bad. And then accidents and in days of complicated traffic, these are more prevalent, too. Can't Tell Women Anything "What can women do about it?" Dr. Couney is practical. "Women can do everything about it," he said, and paused. "But they won't. You can't tell a girl of today a thing. Don't worry, plenty of the mothers of these girls tell them to take it easy, no to do strenuous exercises, not to rush to rush to so many movies and dances, or bridges but it's no use. "They won't listen. They think they must be athletes till the ast minute. And then their babies suffer for it. We can't do anything with them. But we can save their babies." New Oxygen Bed A Success Before this year, from 85 to 95 percent of babies born prematurely could be saved by incubation. But the Hess oxygen bed, used for the first time this Summer at the fair by Dr. Couney, is saving 50 percent of those doomed before. he machine was invented by Dr. Julius Hess of Chicago, t will be Just (EA delivered and installed locally regularly $37.95 $3 Down. . .$5 Month want to get BEDFORD AVE. and Air Beacons Make Cows Go on Strike Copenhagen W) Danish cows have gone on a strike, failing to yield milk in those districts where airway beacons have been established. Not only are farmers complaining but fishermen allege the sharp light of the beacons is driving the fish away from their usual grounds. The only fishermen who do not complain are those who, devoted to eel fishing, find their quarry attracted instead of frightened by the lights. brought to Coney Island next Summer. In the "bed" the baby breathes two litres of pure oxygen a minute, which is what it would breathe if still unborn. Before this many premature babies died because their respiratory systems were as yet undeveloped and they contracted pneumonia and other lung diseases which carried them off. Now they can be kept in the machie until their lungs have grown to normal. ' Handled 84 Babies At Fair Dr. Couney handled 84 premature babies during the Chicago season and had only six deaths a remarkable record, he maintais. At one time he had four infants who weighed less tha two pounds each and pulled them all through. He and his babies are used to fairs, for he has exhbited in expositions In Berlin, London, Omaha, Paris, Buffalo, Rio de Janeiro, Holland, St. Louis and in fact has not missed a major fair since 18S7. lie goe3 to fairs because he wants to acquaint as many people as pos- sible with the possibilities of life-saving incubation. Incubator Babies Have Good Chance At many of them he has met his former babies, now grown to doctors, lawyers, business men and happy, normal human beings. "Incubator babies have the same chance for a normal life that other babies have. That's why I try so hard to save them. If they grew to be subnormal, neither the medical profession nor the State would permit me to continue the work I am doing," he said. His exhibition at Chicago was sponsored by the Chicago Lying-in Hospital and the Michael-Reese Hospital. Suit Taks Thirty Minutes for Trial A suit in which the evidence was presented and the cause argued all in less than 30 minutes has been decided by the Federal Court. District Judge Bourquin characterized the case as "a scintillating gem" for grevity of presentation. "The evidence is scanty," said the court, "though like Mercutio's wound 'twill serve." The question involved was the alleged infringement of a patent for cutting the front seat of an automobile so that it could be lowered to form a . bed. 14 Sears Famous IB AM(EIE 5 ) mm WMm One of the greatest stove huys, in a season noted for good stove buys at Sears! But there are only a few to sell at this price ... we suggest that you get here as early in the day as possible, if you one! Sorry, Imi n rmiiiol nrropi mail or phone orders! Open every evening BEVERLY ROAD To Complete City Tubes By Endjtf 1935 Four Months Can Be Cut From the Construction Time Board Expects Construction work on the unfinished sections of the city-owned 8th Ave. subway connections in Brooklyn and Queens and under the East River will commence on or about Feb. 1 and the entire system should be completed and ready for operation in the latter part of 1935, it was announced yesterday at the offices of the Board of Transportation. Although it was said at the board offices last week that no statement concerning the Federal loan and grant of $23,160,000 to the city for the 8th Ave. subway project would be issued until official word was received from Washington, it was indicated there yesterday that the work might be completed in a year and a half. Four Months Ahead of Time This would mean that the system would be finished and ready for operation four months ahead of schedule. According to present estimates it would require 22 months to complete the unfinished portions of the system. With only 18 months Instead of the. estimated 22 months required to finish the job, all the lines would be in operation by the Summer of 1935, in place of the latter part of that year if the work can get under way within the next six weeks as expected. That the Job will be started on or before Feb. 1 is virtually assured as the Board of Transportation intends to go right ahead as soon as the necessary moneys are obtained and under the terms of the Federal loan and grant the funds will be available on or before that date on condition that by that time the city will either be able to furnish good security or satisfactory assurance that its budget will be balanced at an early date. ' 'Simultaneous Start' It was said yesterday at the Board of Transportation offices that as sonn as the funds are available the work on all the unfinished connections will start "simultaneously" with the 6,700 men expected to be put to work assigned to all the connections in the number required on each project. The lines to be equipped or otherwise finished include the Brooklyn Crosstown line from Court St. to Greenpoint and the Fulton St. line from Lafayette to Rockaway Aves. in Brooklyn. Also included in the project are the Houston-Essex-Rutggcrs Sts. line on the East Side of Manhattan with a tunnel under the East River to Jay St., Brooklyn, and All rrrlHin . . . lCvcii the I.nrgc Iti-lnrh Oven lining! Fully Insulated Top and Doors! I; Sears Second Floor to 9:30 until Christmas FREE PARKING the Queens Boulevard-Jamaica' line from Roosevelt Ave. in Jackson Heights to Hillside Ave. and 178th St., Jamaica. What Project Involves The work Involves provision and installation in the subway structure already built of architectural finish, tracks and contact rails, power, signals, drainage, ventilation, lighting, escalators and other provisions and when completed will provide passenger service over 18 additional miles of rapid transit miles tapping an area, exclusive of feeder lines, of 29 square miles containing a population of near:., 1,000,000 persons. At this point no definite program has been set up by the Board of Transportation as to which part of the construction and equipment work will be started first, but in each instance the work will be resumed where it was halted when the funds ran out. $50,000,000 Expended Up to the time the work was suspended approximately $400,000,000 had been expended in the construction and equipment of that part of the system now in operation and about $140,000,000 on the other part of the system which is partially constructed and equipped and for which the application for funds was made to complete. Bids have been received by the Board of Transportation for about 25 percent of the work for which the Federal funds have been granted and the contracts will be let as soon as the moneys become available. Contractors to whom awards for the work were previously made, subject to security city funds, have indicated that they are ready to accept their contracts modified to include the requirements of the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works. Early resumption of work on the unfinished lines is expected to speed the ultimate extension of the new system to Coney Island through the recapture and improvement of the existing Culver line south of Church Ave. They're llOPS in luxurious transportation! They're J in new low prices! FOR FIRST SERIES 1934 WITH EXCLUSIVE RIDE-CONTROL FEATURES Here's what Hupmohile gives you today... starting at $795 for a big, roomy, powerful, 4-door sedan on 121-ineh wheelbase: SMOOTHNESS built up by new torsional stabilizer that cuts out "wheel-tramp" ... by extra-long springs . . . tubular front axle and co-ordinated spring action . . . and side-sway eliminator. POWER to burn . . . more than you can use in any ordinary travel. STYLE that's outstanding . . . good for years to come. COMFORT that comes from vibrationless performance plus extra room, and extra-deep, springy upholstery. AND AN OPPORTUNITY to invest in one of America' finest cars, with every modern feature, at amazingly low prices. SEE your Hupp dealer now. j PRICES CALLISTER ReUil 150S Bedford Atc, Brooklyi Klnr Harper Motors. Tne. 6fll Bedlord Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Peter Klhss 478 Eleventh St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Von K am pen Mot or Co. 1313 Roger! Ave.. Brooklyn, N. Y. Queen Countr Stein ic Stein Motors, Inc. 139-13 Hillside Ave.. jRmRiCft. h. I. Olpn-MyrtV Oamir & Bprvtce 64-01 CentrtM Ave., Glendale. U I. Nassau BtXRssle Brothers 55 E. Merrick Pad. Freeport, L. I. Ludwl(t-Weckerle. Inc. 35 K. Merrick Road. Vallev Stream. L. L Flower Garaee 28 N. Marion Place Rockville Centre. L. I. A rota's Oaraae. Inc. Glen At Mnin Aves., Sea Cliff, X.. I. Retiring Founder Of Postal League Dined by Friends Phi Delta Epsilon Medical Fraternity of Long Island College of Medicine held its third annual dinner-dance last night at the Hotel St. George, where also was held the second annual dinner-dance of the Chiselers Club of the Port of New York. The Jewish Postal Workers Welfare League gave a dinner last night at Rose Manor, 1830 Pitkin Ave., to Aaron Arndt. who is retiring after 30 years in the Brooklyn postal service. Hewas founder of the League. Senior Class Dance The Senior Class of Brooklyn College held a dinner-dance last night at the Park Central Hotel, Manhattan. A subscription dance for its Christmas package fund -was held last night by the Amarsford 1legu-lar Democratic Club of CanarSie at its clubhouse, 1307 E. 92d St. The Eastern Parkway Junior League held a bridge party last evening at Gratenstein's 1744 Pitkin Ave., for the benefit of the Horn of Old Israel. The Warrior Democratic Club of Williamsburg held its fourth annual revue and dance last night at Lorraine Hall, 790 Broadway. Marionette Show A marionette show was given last night at Bay Ridge High School by the Men's Club of Bay Ridge for the benefit of Bay Ridge Nursery. The 7th A. D. Republican Club held a beefsteak supper last night at its clubhouse, 425,50th St. A subscription purty for the benefit of its Christmas fund was given last night by the 13th A. D. Republican Club at the Folly Theater, Graham Ave. and Debevoise St. IMMEDIATE i DELIVERY BROTHERS, INC. (Em. 1833) DISTRIBUTOR Wholesale i 215-18 Jamaica A., Queen Village Flaherty's Garage. Inc Milburne Ave. Merrick Hoart Baldwin, L. I. Suffnlk Cptintv Robert F. Wells Stony Brook, L. I. Hamilton's Garage Main St.. AmRfjansett. L. I. Pioneer Garnce W. Main St. & Summit Ave. Falchocuo, L. X '
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