The Checotah Times from Checotah, Oklahoma on February 2, 1912 · Page 2
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The Checotah Times from Checotah, Oklahoma · Page 2

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Checotah, Oklahoma
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Friday, February 2, 1912
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wmm negro. Is tli* latter eaM «ir^ «tljppI^ Ins tne equlttmettt for tbe 60.000 troops Jlmineai&teiy avftUable. When t&e tao^ OraeA Trembles Onder War Cioudi ' bread 6f TurMsh Invasion ths Supreme./Sentiment Among Hellenes . .•n^Melp.zFMii^merican Greeks, By WILLIAM X-CLLI8. Athens.—"if war does not come fwlthln six weeks, It probably will not oome'for six months, teeaose-of the dlfSoulty of moving troops in winter. " I expect It to come by the un- announoeij vlnvASlonvjpf Thessaly by That Is the essence bf a report that' may bo found In the secret archives of at least two governments. Moro- oTer, I have it upon the highest authority that a recent dossier contaffis •not only the foregoing alarming statement, but also the substance of the terms which TUrkey will exact- namely a huge indemnity, the cession of a large part of Thessaly, and the disarmament and neutralization of Greece by the powers. At the same ' tltae, Crete will be given up by Turkey, for the turbulent island is only an apple of discord, of which'The Ottoman empire will be glad to be rid. when It can do so gracefully. As to the outcome of this inevitable •war, the opinion of one diplomat with •whom I talked Is that ^''torUish troops Will be In Athens in Just the time that It takes them to march from the fron- Uer." Greece In a Blue Funk. Greece Is scared col*. It was a meot-eo^es (or action, add it'cA'nnot long^b&d«]ayed, for this splendidly fit body ot men la spoiling (or a fights Russia will throw this force, against the Moslem, and In support • or ChHs> tlan Greece. '' vV t .v . Tbii will be not becauNt (she Ipves Greece 'more, but bectoss ^^'ir loves Turkey lesSir and Turkfby'a. new ally anji: controlling genlns, GermaJDy. The nen alignment of'forces <^ated. by the RouiiSanlan-'f uroo< iig^niient. with tbe "understandingt'.'tiiai ^ac -now believed to exist between Germany, Austria and Turkey,' has changed the sltilatfon in this Balkans.", At present It stands as I have portrayed it. Great Britain, once the first factor a> be conBldered;' has -aunk«n- -4n Influence until she Is scarcely reckoned with, tbe panicky State of mlpd of the past year in Great Britain haS produced a situation in these parts which neither Britishers nor Americana view with satisfaction'.. Greece la Europe— Turkey Is Asia. One who is studying the awaking of the older nations finds a striking illustration of his main thesis in Greece. Of all living nations ei^ept China and Japan, Greece Is the oldest. It once was the greatest. Civilization owes more to Greece than to any other country, this point Is familiar to every schoolboy". Monuments of her depEit <;d splendor are all about: they cotistitute a large proportion of the World's precious art treasures. But Greece herself had become a mere memory; her glory had departed, and she had come to be spoken of in the past tense. Within the lifetime of old men in Athena a new Greece has been bom. Atheps itself has gfown In less than a century from nothing to a modern, well-kept, beautiful city of 200.000 inhabitants. The contrast between it Qreek/flgDrea on top Ot the eroatvwaai, It la the dreata of even the bootblatdcaj. who evarm the streets In such Dum> bers. that the old days will .epnii« again. • unfortunately, this passionate loyalty to the old heroes and the old ideals Is not accompanied by a tpyalty to tbe present rulers and'iesder. 'rh <i;.hold of the royal.hoUBe upoS the naucm Is, Very tenuouti Indeed.'- No political' leader can command a national (oI< lowing for any considerable lehgthrbf time. The present-day Greek has no capao tty-foE eelf-stibiirdisatlon and dHclp: line. Even the army and navy, as tha bloodless "r^olutlon" of a year ago showed, Is completely demoralized. 'With aU Ua devotion to patri-; otic ideals, tbe Greek has nqt learned how tor keep quiet and do what he la told In support of ^Is leaders and country. He lacks capacity for cohesion, co-operatlbn and eflBclenoy. Tbe Turkish soldier Is a stupid fello*, by no means the ec^ual of his Greek enemy, yet he knows how to obey his officers and fight like a demon. Perhaps, as some say. here, Gr.eece has too many "university students out of Jobs; she is overtrained sentimentally and intellectually. I listened in the house of deputies one day while tbe fnembers wi-angled and quarreled like monkeys on the eligibility of a notary public to parliament; all the while the national feeling is that the Turks are at the gate. The need for a Demosthenes is plain. For ail signs are wrong, and all prophets,, misled. If Greece is not now at the crisis ot her modern history. Greeks Abroad Drill for Fight, there are more Greeks outside of Greece than within the country. Turkey has more than Greece. The persistence of the Greek national spirit is almost as marked ,as that which' makes the Jews iu all lands a pecul- ar people. No measures that Turkey has ever been able to take have been effective In tranaforming her Grecian subjects into true Ottomans. The fundamental reason for this is ryllg- loug. Now, In her time of danger, Greece looks to the dlsiterslon for succor. I learned here, conflrming my information from the proper American ofRclal sources, that the Greeks la tlie United States are diligently drilling fo.' the great issue. In Boston. Lowell, Manchester. N. H., Chicago and many other centers of Greek Immigration, the i men have formed military companies, i and In some cases even have uniforms and arms. They are making ready for the call which every Greek In the world l3 confident will shortly sound, in response to which there will be a swift and simultaneous migration of Hellenes from Turkey, Egypt, Macedonia, England and North America, to the scene ot what they fondly hope will be a new Homeric struggle. A level-headed official remarked that it would be more to the point If the rich Greeks who are equipping military companies would Instai experiment stations in dry-fanning; to help Greece develop her resources. The national spirit is talking about what will happen when Greece gets back her lost territory; whereas tha j more sensible course would be to make the most of what she now has. NEW;NEWS of YESTERDAY J35>»: E. J, EDWARDS I ' . i = " First Standaid (^1 *1^ -t.'i—' Now York Sun;« rljiqulrUi fn' 1878 Were Met With Courtesy but Silence, but tha Information Wa» Obtained Elsewhere. In the early (all of 1878 I was sent for by the late Charles A. JJana. editor of the New York Sun, and when I answered .the summons I found him reading a communication from a cor- rSspoiident In Pennsylvania. The lot ter., waa very brief; It suggested to Mr. Dana that he cause as Invegtlga^ tlon to be made Into the history and methods of the Standard Qll company of Cleveland, O., which about that time had come to be looked upon as a trust, by the oil world especially. As be handed me this ' letter Mr. Dana said: "You go dut there and make an investigation; make it thor^ ough no matter how long It takes. I first went td the oil regions of •yestem Pennsylvania and was there about three weeks. Tbe oil producers gave me every facility fOr getting such Information as was to be had In the oil regions. They also called my attention to certain, litigation which had then been begun In PensylvanIa with Intent to break up the Standard Oil company In so far as It operated in that state. Having completed th6 investigation at Tltusvllie and Oil City, I went to Cleveland, presuming that the officers of the 'Standard Oil company would be willing. If not anxious, fo furnish rao with Information which would serve to explain some of the more grievous charges made against It and Its methods by the oil producers. Furthermore. I had j no doubt the Standard Oil company would be glad of an opportunity to I B .Tln the public ear and to explain the emnotnlc principles which had led to the organization of the so-called trust. When I called at the main offices of the Standard Oil company, after an annoying "Btirdunt of red tape had been unraveled I waa received by a very pleaaant-faced and graclous- nfannered young man. He listened with apparent earnestness and sincerity as I stated that It was Mr. Dana's desire that an absolutely impartial and perfectly fair report, based upon Investigations Into the rise and growth of the Standard Oil company, be printed in the New York Sun. "Have you ever been to Cleveland before?" he asked with utmost politeness, as I finished. "Only to pass through by train," I replied. "It Is a beautiful city," he said: "you should not return to New York without seeing It." -jurprlse-^nd repro&h passed over the young man's countenance. Then he r.asumed his bland smile, simply saying: "N9body se^sHkm-ROcSeleller these days." v*Co«ld I see Cot Oliver Payne T" I BSked^^-- "Colonel Payne Is a very busy mah; I would not care to ask- blm to make an appointment with you." "Who. then. Is there, with whom I may , talk and who ctax furbish 'm« with'the Information I require?" "1 don't think there Is any Informal tlon; there Is nothing to' say," "Have you been Instructed to tell me this?" I asked. ^ With the,most affable smile Imaginable and the Utmost courtesy and deference of manner the young man replied: "It was • not necessary to Instruct me. Have you been to the theater?" understand that Robson and Crane are playing In a very fuhny farce called 'Our Boarding House' at a local theat<>r. i should be clad to send yott >^etrr' - , - 5thon this Is the answer that I am, tO! make to Mr. Daha?" I repUed— "that the Standard OU company b** no information to give?" "As yoii please," be said. "Well," I replied, "you may say ta your sup^rloi: officers that' If I can'l get the Information at first band I win get It at second hand." "That, also, la as you please," h» said, politely. If tbe smiling young man read thsj Sun be must have discovered about two weeks later. In an article covert ing a page and a half, that much oi; tbe Information I bad sought fromj him I had obtained elsewhere. That was, I believe, the first investigation Into the history and growth of the Standard Oil company which was ever made. In later years some of the officers Of that company confessed that It might have been the better part had they taken the public IntQ .their confidence in the beginning of the trust's career. (Copyrtght, 1911. by E. J. Edward*. All RJghta Reserved.) Million That Might Have Been Commodore Alfred vin Santvoord'e Regret because He Didn't Make a Quick Turn In St. Paul Stock During Panic of 1901. I I cannot return to New York." i It is very fine for men and women to i replied, "until I have learned, from parade in the old national costume, \ the point of view of your organiza- and to dress their children in It, ai:d tlon, something of Its history and to sit about the cafes talking patriot- ' growth, and have obtained from you. Ism and singing national songs; but If possible, some answer to'-the se- the present need of the nation is for ; rious accusations that are made against your company by the oil producers of Pennsylvania " The yonng man continued to smile blandly. But not the slightest Indl- <^atlon did he show of a desire in any way to serve me. "Can I see Mr. John D, Rockefeller?" I asked A Typical Greek Soldier. surprise to me, I confess, to find leveryiiady here so sure that tho conflict Is not only certain, but also that [it is near. In Constantinople I discovered no signs of an Immediate purpose to have It out with Greece. My Judgment was. and is, that the Young Turks have trouble enough at home Kor the present. Their own house meeds to be set In order; and I can•'not agree with the careful observers over here "who think that the best cure of Turkey's internal Ills would 'be a short and easy war. Greeks Ua- •tened with incredulous hope when I Itold them why I thought iwstiutles re- jmote. Even the new hero of the na- (tion, •Venizellos. late prime minister lof .Crete, to whom all Greece loolis as "iia deliverer. lei 'Vently told mo that he, hopes my optimism is warranted, so that GMece may bare more time to imake ready. A nation scared is not a pretty talght. The thrill which a traveler ifeels as for the first time he looks 'Upon the Acropolis, and the other imagnificent ruins of Greece's ancient 'glory; or as he stands on the top of ~lhe Parthenon and looks off in one direction to Mariathon, and in aijother . ' to Salamls, must give way to quite different sentiments as ' he observes the present-day population of the city 'Snifferlng from a bad case of "nerves." , A'ware of its own Inability to fight, - -and momentarily exi>ectant ot news <D( a, Turkish invasion. ' The two hopes which the 'people «berlsh, and repeat to one another re. -as^nrlngly, are that the powers-will I ipMvent B'war; and that an iinanee It' now assured, witb the onoe-bated tielgbboh Bulgaria, "srjjilch Is a flgfat^ .ioSi force not torl^e'd^plsed. The men 'I'j. blgb place,, who are Informed upon 1^:" OB behind the scenes: In U K«^r ^iastenpi politics, jalso say—and V l9f ';«lMir '4ftonbtlerrf are right in this—that 'L ^^;:..|ta^ .lus'i>fte «Eedr «nd drilled tbe '^'^'^ ••'mtMM ot Batg»rlay Serrla'aad Ifoajw* 'Mf^ ' . - i and Constantinople is the contrast between Europe and Asia. Here Is order, cleanliness, up-to-dateness; there Is belter-skelter clutteratlon, dirt and archaism. The European dress, the familiar urban customs, and the general sense of at-home'ness, put the sympathies of the traveler from Asia, at once with the Greeks. America's Influence Upon Greece. • The new life of the west has permeated this old nation. There is a constant Interflow of thought t>etween Greece and Britain and America. Three million dollars are sent here annually by Greelis in the United States. Last year, from only one American consular district in this country, the number of emigrants to the United States amoncted' to one per cent, of the ^ptlre population ot all of Greece. Of course, this Is a serious drain upon the vital power of the nation. But the Greeks abroad send and bring b%ck modem ideas. The labor union Is flourishing. I saw It work on a Russian steamer in the harbor. The Russian officer in charge of the load- ii^ of the cargo flew into a passion at one of the hands, bet^userthe la^ ter could not understand Russian. He ordered tbe Interpreter to discharge him, whereupon all the stevedores left the ship within five minutes. The poverty of the country Is being ameliorated, and compulsory education Is general everywhere, although far too large a proportion of the curricula Is devoted to Ancient Greece. Thlfl! influeifce: JO ( the Greece of twentjr-flve centuries ago Is at once a pernicious and a noble force In- tjhe life o( the nation. Everybody is poet- ed uploli wbo:."f as "Who In the cycles grreater individual efficiency, subordination and loyalty. The tragic phase of the present crisis In Greece is that the whole nation is awake to the possible impending fate. A peculiarly sensitive people, of most ardent and patriotic temperament, they are yet so hampered by conditions, including their own mercurial and impractical temperament, that they must face the encroachments of the hated Turk with flowing speeches rather than with well-drilled rifles. • (Copyright. IflU. by Joseph B. Bowlea.) The late Commodore Alfred Van Santvoord, who owed his title to his prominence* in the Hudson river steamboat business, (when he died in 901 he was the largest owner of riv er steamboats in America), but who waa also a very able railroad man, having been a director in several big railroad companies. Combined a large amount of ca"utlon with a vsry strong spirit of enterprise. He accumulated In the course of his long and honorable business career a large fortune by constructive work In the transportation business and by wise Investment. He was worth seven or eight million dollars when be died. But although he had won success and fortune ample enough to satisfy the ambitions of most men, his last years, as his friends believed, were made somewhat unhappy by a single thought— tbe thought of the million that might have been his. Commodore Van Sanvoord was a man of large frame and feature, with smooth shaven face and clear, keen gray eyes, a man of great dignity and composure, yet most affable and genial. It was very seldom, indeed, that his customary composure and affability were aflJected by circumstances. But at the time ot the famous Northern Pacific corner In 1901—when Hill and Harrlman were fighting for the control of that, system, and the value of Northern Pacific, and Chicago. .Milwaukee & St. Paul shares rose several hundred points in a few days, causing one of the worst bear panics on record—Commodore Van Santvoord was observed by bis friends to be somewhat restless and distraught. He bung over the ticker in the New York broker's office where he usually went wlien he wanted to buy A flitting but intense expression ot i or sell stocks, but at this time he careftdly, Tbe beautlfiil Acropolis ovebbadows tbe life of tbe nation. Models of the great statues are foimd In -most, bdll'dlnga... IJBKW a moderata •JMd bouse wblcb had tbree fij»t The Fixed Size of Bricks. If bricks were made larger, it would save a great deal of time and labor in building, said a contractor, but tha standard has been set, and any change would be attended by considerable inconvenience. In England when bricks were first made and up to sixty or seventy years agp, there waa a tax on bricks, and, in order to evade it, tha bricks were made of larger and larger sizes. These were used for cellars and other concealed places. To stop this fraud, an act was passed in the reign of George III., fixing the legal size of bricks. Early In Queen Victoria's reign the tax was taken off, and bricks may now be legally made of any size whatever. But any cliange from the standard size would bring about great Inconvenience. All calculations are made tor building on this standard size, and the London and other building acU have practically fixed it Old Coat That Made a Success Garment That Ned Sothern Wore as Lord Dundreary in "Our American Cousin" Wat Borrowed From John Brougham. How Hindus Obtain Fire, ftre la obtained for the Important Hindu ceremony Tanga by a curious method, says a writer in tbe Strand Magazine, matches not being Considered holy. The priest holding the two ends ot a piece of cord colled around a vertical rod, the lower end of which ilta Into a groove cut In the block of wood oh which the rod rests, by a cbumingr motion Causes It to rotate very rapidly, it being meanwhile kept in position by means of a ^drlzontir bandiotvlth a bo^ in wblpb the rod turns. "Tbei friction between tbe rod and tbA lower block of wood after a B.^ O.,,Antiquities are guarded most |. short-ttae-sets^flre^to tte-latter. This fire, br 1111101/ nouHsbmeht, Is devel oped Into a glorious dame. TbeTnv Btrument is considered rerr sacred by tbe iMtaodox Hindus. They,' of evtuf, lupt ftvmbUag all tbe wblla. When L.eq^ter Wallack knew that his day had passed as a great actor and theatrical manager, be and the late A. M. Palmer, then coming Intoproml- nence as successful theatrical manager, and later the succesor of Lester Wallack in the management of Wallack'S theater, in New York, used to make the trip together betwen the metropolis and Stamford. Conn., where each bad his summer home. It was during one of these trips that Wallaek told Palmer the story of the old coat that made a great histrionic bit "It was In 1S58 that Laura Keene produced 'Our American Cousin,' with Joseph Jefferson as Asa Trencbard and Ned Sothern as Lord Dohdreary," said Mr. Wallack. "I know that In a gesaral way it has passed Into tradition that Sothern at first refused to play the part of Lord Dundreary, because, he thought the part was beneath blm, and that he bnly consented to play it when Miss Keene told him that -sbe-was In despair and after she had consented that Sothern should 'gag* tbe part. But while all this is triie up to a certain point, 1 have no doubt that from the moment Sothern read tbejpart of Lord Dundreary be saw tbe pbssibllities that were in, It for k deU<fete, humorous satire of certain of the "nobility of England, and (el sure that this satire would not offlei but would abiuse tbeupper-ctaasesj ,Qr«at ^Britain. If ever be were^ , mitted to play the part as be,WO) Itk^ to play H before English dienees. , • ,'.•':. rWeUi Botbem mads! up ~ bis .mlad that It would be nseessanr tadms the part with elongated black side- whiskers, which were, in the late fifties and early sixties, the fashionable Way, at least in ^Snce, of wearing tbe beard. He alao decided that It was essential In tbe first act, which was a drawing room scene, for him to wear a long-tailed frock coat with very voluminous tails. But It slipped bis mind that be should obtain a cost of that sort from the costumer, or have one made, and because of this slip be was In despair at the time of the dress rehearsal of the play. "John Brougham, the playwright, waa upon the stage at the time, and he fold Sothern that he bad In his dressing room a longftalled coat, very full In Its folds, which bad been used by me In a play In which 1 had appeared some months earlier. 'It's Just the frock for you, Ned,' said Brougham. 'Produce it. John,' returned Sothern. . ' ' I,'"A moment later Brougham brought the long-tailed coat to Sothem's dressing room. I^ didn't Ot very well upon the shoulders, but the tails were long enough and etpansive enough to suit Sothern perfectly, and be said be would wear It until be could have a coat made. And so, in a coat li^b I had worn In ail earlier play and bad lent to John Brbugham-r«9 eme^geaoy coat, Sothern appeared for Oie flrSt time upon any stage>*48 Lord Dun« dreaiy*, and tbe coat was, a success.'* "By the itkr^^' aiid'>Mt3!.PiAia^i "Wsllack aUK>yio|d n» Jbai Sothejij!! preflicted tbat tbe^pia^^wouidii^ amuse this Britista aiistbc^acy,; j|t did. it ran for ah 7«ntlii:inioiirwi^F^^ iottdble audleinees;: |UBd tbe -; niitia'geit^ made nearlr |SO0,O0Q: out of ft i|i, tbat jringl# ;seMOn.f^ '-v,.•. seemed to be,neither buying or selling. , His friends felt sure that he was not caught In the squeeze, and that he was not threatened with any loss. His operations were always too conservative for that to be likely. Yet it was evident that something waa weighing on his mind, and that the stock market situation was absorbing bis attention. The panic was as sboi't as It was severe. The conHTctlng Hill and Harriman interests were adjusted and stocks dropped back to their normal level far more rapidly than they had riven to their sensational hl^h figure. Com'modore Van Santvoord, when the calm came, recovered his composure and affability, but those who knew him well detected an unwonted solemnity In his expression. •'Is any thing the matter? Arent you feeling well today. CommodoroT" one of his friends asked him. In soma concern. "Oh, I'm feeling all right—that Is, my health Is good." he replied. "But I'm feeling rather chagrined. As a matter of fact. I feel as though 1 were out a million dollars by this panic." How Is that? Do you mean that you have actually Jpat a million?" "No, I haven't actually lost a dollar. But I own quite a block of Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul stock. I conld have sold it a few days ago at very high figure, bought it back today at a very low figure, and made a million by the transaction. And I didn't sell It." Well, Commodore, what do yon want another million for?" his friend asked "A man always hates to miss a chance to make a million dollars," he replied, with a laugh that yet had a tinge of sadness In It And it was said truly, probably, that be never ceased to regret that he missed this chance. (Copyright, 1911, by E. J. Edward* All Rig:hta Reserved.) AU Great Salmon Traps. For catching Puget sound salmon In traps there Is a "'pot," a large net about forty feet square, fastened to plies driven Into the ground about hall a mile from the shore In water 60 feet or so deep. Running to tbe shore is a "lead," a long single row of piles ten or flftcfen («et apart with wire" netting bung In and held down by weights. The "Ipad" reaches almost to the "pot'*' but between the "pot" and the "lead" are-two opposite rows of piling hung with wire netting and called "hearts," being so set that schools of fish follow the "lead." enter the "heart" and are turned Into tbe mouth of the net alongside of which Is a smaller pot connecting with the first pot Once In the second pot the fated salmon lump and cavort until they are dipped out wagon load at a time by great nets run by steam. Now and Later. Infant mortality Is a heavy drain on the whole race, and especially on the women. In Chicago recently the sub- lect was discussed by experts. The milk supply waa one 6f the most lin- portant subjects chnsidered, and one of the easiest to remedy. Housing,^ flies and ventilation are also matters In which vast improyi^ment can be -made at once by mere energy and Intelligence. As an example of Improvements that must by their nature be moiti^ itpW In <iomtng may be mentioned tba conquest of the alcohol,habit. tbe,dl{Dti8lQn of Intelligent Ideas re-' gardingsex a^d the introduction ot fugehlc standards In marriage; Some of the iinprovementie discussed at C!bl« ' £!ago may be rapid, soma |itaw. AU must o»nQie."»-rCk>lUer's Wiiekly. ' C^^us Udyr^Wby sbohid I miyry foa.-jliit TOu havWt'M^^^ i dbllar.to your-''«amet . • ' • ' j The Kerry One^J?o; but tbink of the kdvertlshig you'd get-^bMuUlut cborus-glri marries a .seeiie-ahUtm:!'--^ Vutsk. " 4 •H ) 7 ^*^ni 44f t

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